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Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113758/demographic-physical-and-mental-health-assessments-in-the-adolescent-brain-and-cognitive-development-study-rationale-and-description
#1
REVIEW
Deanna M Barch, Matthew D Albaugh, Shelli Avenevoli, Linda Chang, Duncan B Clark, Meyer D Glantz, James J Hudziak, Terry L Jernigan, Susan F Tapert, Debbie Yurgelun-Todd, Nelly Alia-Klein, Alexandra S Potter, Martin P Paulus, Devin Prouty, Robert A Zucker, Kenneth J Sher
The Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study incorporates a comprehensive range of measures assessing predictors and outcomes related to both mental and physical health across childhood and adolescence. The workgroup developed a battery that would assess a comprehensive range of domains that address study aims while minimizing participant and family burden. We review the major considerations that went into deciding what constructs to cover in the demographics, physical health and mental health domains, as well as the process of selecting measures, piloting and refining the originally proposed battery...
November 3, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102727/assessment-of-the-acquisition-of-executive-function-during-the-transition-from-adolescence-to-adulthood-in-male-and-female-mice
#2
Ryan Shepard, Emily Beckett, Laurence Coutellier
Executive functions (EF) reached full maturity during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Human studies provide important information about adolescent developmental trajectories; however, little remains known about the neural circuits underlying the acquisition of mature EF. Ethical and technical considerations with human subjects limit opportunities to design experimental studies that allows for an in-depth understanding of developmental changes in neural circuits that regulate cognitive maturation...
November 2, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108882/brain-mechanisms-for-processing-discriminative-and-affective-touch-in-7-month-old-infants
#3
Helga O Miguel, Isabel C Lisboa, Óscar F Gonçalves, Adriana Sampaio
Affective touch has been associated with affiliative behavior during early stages of infant development; however, its underlying brain mechanisms are still poorly understood. This study used fNIRS (functional near-infrared spectroscopy) to examine both affective and discriminative touch in 7- month-old infants (n=35). Infants were provided affective stimuli on the forearm for 10 sec followed by a 20 sec rest period. The protocol was repeated for discriminative touch, and both affective and discriminative stimuli were given in a counterbalanced order...
October 31, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129673/making-an-unknown-unknown-a-known-unknown-missing-data-in-longitudinal-neuroimaging-studies
#4
REVIEW
Tyler H Matta, John C Flournoy, Michelle L Byrne
The analysis of longitudinal neuroimaging data within the massively univariate framework provides the opportunity to study empirical questions about neurodevelopment. Missing outcome data are an all-to-common feature of any longitudinal study, a feature that, if handled improperly, can reduce statistical power and lead to biased parameter estimates. The goal of this paper is to provide conceptual clarity of the issues and non-issues that arise from analyzing incomplete data in longitudinal studies with particular focus on neuroimaging data...
October 28, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100212/an-event-related-potential-investigation-of-the-acute-effects-of-aerobic-and-coordinative-exercise-on-inhibitory-control-in-children-with-adhd
#5
Sebastian Ludyga, Serge Brand, Markus Gerber, Peter Weber, Mark Brotzmann, Fahimeh Habibifar, Uwe Pühse
The current body of evidence suggests that an aerobic exercise session has a beneficial effect on inhibitory control, whereas the impact of coordinative exercise on this executive function has not yet been examined in children with ADHD. Therefore, the present study aims to investigate the acute effects of aerobic and coordinative exercise on behavioral performance and the allocation of attentional resources in an inhibitory control task. Using a cross-over design, children with ADHD-combined type and healthy comparisons completed a Flanker task before and after 20min moderately-intense cycling exercise, coordinative exercise and an inactive control condition...
October 27, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080475/an-electrophysiological-investigation-of-reinforcement-effects-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-dissociating-cue-sensitivity-from-down-stream-effects-on-target-engagement-and-performance
#6
Georgia Chronaki, Fruzsina Soltesz, Nicholas Benikos, Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
OBJECTIVE: Neural hypo-sensitivity to cues predicting positive reinforcement has been observed in ADHD using the Monetary Incentive Delay (MID) task. Here we report the first study using an electrophysiological analogue of this task to distinguish between (i) cue related anticipation of reinforcement and downstream effects on (ii) target engagement and (iii) performance in a clinical sample of adolescents with ADHD and controls. METHODS: Thirty-one controls and 32 adolescents with ADHD aged 10-16 years performed the electrophysiological (e)-MID task - in which preparatory cues signal whether a response to an upcoming target will be reinforced or not - under three conditions; positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement (response cost) and no consequence (neutral)...
October 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066078/computational-neuroscience-across-the-lifespan-promises-and-pitfalls
#7
REVIEW
Wouter van den Bos, Rasmus Bruckner, Matthew R Nassar, Rui Mata, Ben Eppinger
In recent years, the application of computational modeling in studies on age-related changes in decision making and learning has gained in popularity. One advantage of computational models is that they provide access to latent variables that cannot be directly observed from behavior. In combination with experimental manipulations, these latent variables can help to test hypotheses about age-related changes in behavioral and neurobiological measures at a level of specificity that is not achievable with descriptive analysis approaches alone...
October 13, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051027/the-conception-of-the-abcd-study-from-substance-use-to-a-broad-nih-collaboration
#8
REVIEW
Nora D Volkow, George F Koob, Robert T Croyle, Diana W Bianchi, Joshua A Gordon, Walter J Koroshetz, Eliseo J Pérez-Stable, William T Riley, Michele H Bloch, Kevin Conway, Bethany G Deesds, Gayathri J Dowling, Steven Grant, Katia D Howlett, John A Matochik, Glen D Morgan, Margaret M Murray, Antonio Noronha, Catherine Y Spong, Eric M Wargo, Kenneth R Warren, Susan R B Weiss
Adolescence is a time of dramatic changes in brain structure and function, and the adolescent brain is highly susceptible to being altered by experiences like substance use. However, there is much we have yet to learn about how these experiences influence brain development, how they promote or interfere with later health outcomes, or even what healthy brain development looks like. A large longitudinal study beginning in early adolescence could help us understand the normal variability in adolescent brain and cognitive development and tease apart the many factors that influence it...
October 10, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033221/on-the-role-of-visual-experience-in-mathematical-development-evidence-from-blind-mathematicians
#9
Marie Amalric, Isabelle Denghien, Stanislas Dehaene
Advanced mathematical reasoning, regardless of domain or difficulty, activates a reproducible set of bilateral brain areas including intraparietal, inferior temporal and dorsal prefrontal cortex. The respective roles of genetics, experience and education in the development of this math-responsive network, however, remain unresolved. Here, we investigate the role of visual experience by studying the exceptional case of three professional mathematicians who were blind from birth (n=1) or became blind during childhood (n=2)...
October 4, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051028/social-touch-interacts-with-infants-learning-of-auditory-patterns
#10
Casey Lew-Williams, Brock Ferguson, Rana Abu-Zhaya, Amanda Seidl
Infants' experiences are defined by the presence of concurrent streams of perceptual information in social environments. Touch from caregivers is an especially pervasive feature of early development. Using three lab experiments and a corpus of naturalistic caregiver-infant interactions, we examined the relevance of touch in supporting infants' learning of structure in an altogether different modality: audition. In each experiment, infants listened to sequences of sine-wave tones following the same abstract pattern (e...
September 29, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028595/-loser-or-popular-neural-response-to-social-status-words-in-adolescents-with-major-depressive-disorder
#11
Jennifer S Silk, Kyung Hwa Lee, Rebecca Kerestes, Julianne M Griffith, Ronald E Dahl, Cecile D Ladouceur
Concerns about social status are ubiquitous during adolescence, with information about social status often conveyed in text formats. Depressed adolescents may show alterations in the functioning of neural systems supporting processing of social status information. We examined whether depressed youth exhibited altered neural activation to social status words in temporal and prefrontal cortical regions thought to be involved in social cognitive processing, and whether this response was associated with development...
September 23, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958660/visual-perception-of-the-arm-manipulates-the-experienced-pleasantness-of-touch
#12
Anouk Keizer, Jutta R de Jong, Lianne Bartlema, Chris Dijkerman
Touch, such as a caress, can be interpreted as very pleasant. The emotional valence assigned to touch is likely related to certain bottom-up factors, such as optimal activation of C-tactile (CT) afferents. It is however unclear if besides somatosensory input, contextual factors related to the own body also play a role in the perceived pleasantness of touch. To test this, we manipulated visual appearance of the participant's arm (veridical vision, no vision, pixelated moving statistic projected onto the arm (i...
September 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942240/cortical-signatures-of-vicarious-tactile-experience-in-four-month-old-infants
#13
Silvia Rigato, Michael J Banissy, Aleksandra Romanska, Rhiannon Thomas, José van Velzen, Andrew J Bremner
The human brain recruits similar brain regions when a state is experienced (e.g., touch, pain, actions) and when that state is passively observed in other individuals. In adults, seeing other people being touched activates similar brain areas as when we experience touch ourselves. Here we show that already by four months of age, cortical responses to tactile stimulation are modulated by visual information specifying another person being touched. We recorded somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) in 4-month-old infants while they were presented with brief vibrotactile stimuli to the hands...
September 14, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107609/the-utility-of-twins-in-developmental-cognitive-neuroscience-research-how-twins-strengthen-the-abcd-research-design
#14
REVIEW
William G Iacono, Andrew C Heath, John K Hewitt, Michael C Neale, Marie T Banich, Monica M Luciana, Pamela A Madden, Deanna M Barch, James M Bjork
The ABCD twin study will elucidate the genetic and environmental contributions to a wide range of mental and physical health outcomes in children, including substance use, brain and behavioral development, and their interrelationship. Comparisons within and between monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs, further powered by multiple assessments, provide information about genetic and environmental contributions to developmental associations, and enable stronger tests of causal hypotheses, than do comparisons involving unrelated children...
September 12, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033222/processing-of-structural-neuroimaging-data-in-young-children-bridging-the-gap-between-current-practice-and-state-of-the-art-methods
#15
REVIEW
Thanh Vân Phan, Dirk Smeets, Joel B Talcott, Maaike Vandermosten
The structure of the brain is subject to very rapid developmental changes during early childhood. Pediatric studies based on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) over this age range have recently become more frequent, with the advantage of providing in vivo and non-invasive high-resolution images of the developing brain, toward understanding typical and atypical trajectories. However, it has also been demonstrated that application of currently standard MRI processing methods that have been developed with datasets from adults may not be appropriate for use with pediatric datasets...
August 24, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946039/disrupted-amygdala-prefrontal-connectivity-during-emotion-regulation-links-stress-reactive-rumination-and-adolescent-depressive-symptoms
#16
Carina H Fowler, Michelle E Miernicki, Karen D Rudolph, Eva H Telzer
Rumination in response to stress (stress-reactive rumination) has been linked to higher levels of depressive symptoms in adolescents. However, no work to date has examined the neural mechanisms connecting stress-reactive rumination and adolescent depressive symptoms. The present work attempted to bridge this gap through an fMRI study of 41 adolescent girls (Mage=15.42, SD=0.33) - a population in whom elevated levels of depressive symptoms, rumination, and social stress sensitivity are displayed. During the scan, participants completed two tasks: an emotion regulation task and a social stress task...
October 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777995/beyond-stereotypes-of-adolescent-risk-taking-placing-the-adolescent-brain-in-developmental-context
#17
REVIEW
Daniel Romer, Valerie F Reyna, Theodore D Satterthwaite
Recent neuroscience models of adolescent brain development attribute the morbidity and mortality of this period to structural and functional imbalances between more fully developed limbic regions that subserve reward and emotion as opposed to those that enable cognitive control. We challenge this interpretation of adolescent development by distinguishing risk-taking that peaks during adolescence (sensation seeking and impulsive action) from risk taking that declines monotonically from childhood to adulthood (impulsive choice and other decisions under known risk)...
October 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927641/gentle-touch-perception-from-early-childhood-to-adolescence
#18
Ilona Croy, Isac Sehlstedt, Helena Backlund Wasling, Rochelle Ackerley, Håkan Olausson
Affective touch plays an important role in children's social interaction and is involved in shaping the development of the social brain. The positive affective component of touch is thought to be conveyed via a group of unmyelinated, low-threshold mechanoreceptive afferents, known as C-tactile fibers that are optimally activated by gentle, slow, stroking touch. Touch targeting these C-tactile fibers has been shown to decrease the heart rate in infants. The current study investigated the relationship between age and psychophysical ratings in response to affective touch...
August 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863370/cognitive-flexibility-and-its-electrophysiological-correlates-in-gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome
#19
Florian Lange, Caroline Seer, Kirsten Müller-Vahl, Bruno Kopp
Motor symptoms in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) have been related to changes in frontostriatal brain networks. These changes may also give rise to alterations in cognitive flexibility. However, conclusive evidence for altered cognitive flexibility in patients with GTS is still lacking. Here, we meta-analyzed data from 20 neuropsychological studies that investigated cognitive flexibility in GTS using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Results revealed medium-sized GTS-related performance deficits, which were significantly modulated by age: Whilst being substantial in children and adolescents with GTS, WCST deficits seem to dissolve in adult patients with GTS...
August 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844729/handling-newborn-monkeys-alters-later-exploratory-cognitive-and-social-behaviors
#20
Elizabeth A Simpson, Valentina Sclafani, Annika Paukner, Stefano S K Kaburu, Stephen J Suomi, Pier F Ferrari
Touch is one of the first senses to develop and one of the earliest modalities for infant-caregiver communication. While studies have explored the benefits of infant touch in terms of physical health and growth, the effects of social touch on infant behavior are relatively unexplored. Here, we investigated the influence of neonatal handling on a variety of domains, including memory, novelty seeking, and social interest, in infant monkeys (Macaca mulatta; n=48) from 2 to 12 weeks of age. Neonates were randomly assigned to receive extra holding, with or without accompanying face-to-face interactions...
August 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
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