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Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331659/mindfulness-related-differences-in-neural-response-to-own-infant-negative-versus-positive-emotion-contexts
#1
Heidemarie K Laurent, Dorianne Wright, Megan Finnegan
Mindfulness is thought to promote well-being by shaping the way people respond to challenging social-emotional situations. Current understanding of how this occurs at the neural level is based on studies of response to decontextualized emotion stimuli that may not adequately represent lived experiences. In this study, we tested relations between mothers' dispositional mindfulness and neural responses to their own infant in different emotion-eliciting contexts. Mothers (n = 25) engaged with their 3-month-old infants in videorecorded tasks designed to elicit negative (arm restraint) or positive (peekaboo) emotion...
January 5, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328980/consequence-of-intraventricular-hemorrhage-on-neurovascular-coupling-evoked-by-speech-syllables-in-preterm-neonates
#2
Mahdi Mahmoudzadeh, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz, Guy Kongolo, Marc Fournier, Sabrina Goudjil, Fabrice Wallois
Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVH) is the leading cause of neurological and cognitive impairment in preterm neonates with an incidence that increases with increasing prematurity. In the present study, we tested how preterm neonates with IVH react to external stimulation (i.e. speech syllables). We compared their neural responses measured by electroencephalography (EEG), and hemodynamic responses measured by functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), with those of healthy preterms. A neural response to syllables was observed in these infants, but did not induce a vascular response in contrast with healthy neonates...
January 5, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311006/the-adolescent-brain-cognitive-development-study-external-advisory-board
#3
REVIEW
Michael E Charness
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291986/processing-of-affective-and-emotionally-neutral-tactile-stimuli-in-the-insular-cortex
#4
Monika Davidovic, Göran Starck, Håkan Olausson
The insula is important for the processing of pleasant aspects of touch whereas its role in the processing of emotionally neutral touch has been less explored. Here, we used a network approach to investigate the insular processing of pleasant stroking touch and emotionally neutral vibratory touch, analysing functional magnetic resonance imaging data from 23 healthy adult participants. Vibration and skin stroking activated areas in the posterior, middle and anterior insula. Psychophysiological interaction analyses suggested that skin stroking increased functional connectivity between the posterior and ventral anterior insula...
December 22, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275097/time-varying-effects-of-income-on-hippocampal-volume-trajectories-in-adolescent-girls
#5
Monica E Ellwood-Lowe, Kathryn L Humphreys, Sarah J Ordaz, M Catalina Camacho, Matthew D Sacchet, Ian H Gotlib
Children from lower-SES families exhibit smaller hippocampal volume than do their higher-SES peers. Few studies, however, have compared hippocampal developmental trajectories as a function of SES. Thus, it is unclear whether initial rank-order stability is preserved, or whether volumes diverge/converge over the course of adolescence. In a sample of 101 girls ages 10-24 years, we examined the longitudinal association between family income and parental education, proxies for SES, and changes in hippocampal volume...
December 18, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324299/boys-with-conduct-problems-and-callous-unemotional-traits-neural-response-to-reward-and-punishment-and-associations-with-treatment-response
#6
Amy L Byrd, Samuel W Hawes, Jeffrey D Burke, Rolf Loeber, Dustin A Pardini
Abnormalities in reward and punishment processing are implicated in the development of conduct problems (CP), particularly among youth with callous-unemotional (CU) traits. However, no studies have examined whether CP children with high versus low CU traits exhibit differences in the neural response to reward and punishment. A clinic-referred sample of CP boys with high versus low CU traits (ages 8-11; n = 37) and healthy controls (HC; n = 27) completed a fMRI task assessing reward and punishment processing...
December 15, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248823/negative-affect-is-related-to-reduced-differential-neural-responses-to-social-and-non-social-stimuli-in-5-to-8-month-old-infants-a-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-study
#7
Anne van der Kant, Szilvia Biro, Claartje Levelt, Stephan Huijbregts
Both social perception and temperament in young infants have been related to social functioning later in life. Previous functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS) data (Lloyd-Fox et al., 2009) showed larger blood-oxygenation changes for social compared to non-social stimuli in the posterior temporal cortex of five-month-old infants. We sought to replicate and extend these findings by using fNIRS to study the neural basis of social perception in relation to infant temperament (Negative Affect) in 37 five-to-eight-month-old infants...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253738/the-integration-of-audio-tactile-information-is-modulated-by-multimodal-social-interaction-with-physical-contact-in-infancy
#8
Yukari Tanaka, Yasuhiro Kanakogi, Masahiro Kawasaki, Masako Myowa
Interaction between caregivers and infants is multimodal in nature. To react interactively and smoothly to such multimodal signals, infants must integrate all these signals. However, few empirical infant studies have investigated how multimodal social interaction with physical contact facilitates multimodal integration, especially regarding audio - tactile (A-T) information. By using electroencephalogram (EEG) and event-related potentials (ERPs), the present study investigated how neural processing involved in A-T integration is modulated by tactile interaction...
December 9, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229299/diffusion-mri-of-white-matter-microstructure-development-in-childhood-and-adolescence-methods-challenges-and-progress
#9
REVIEW
Christian K Tamnes, David R Roalf, Anne-Lise Goddings, Catherine Lebel
Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) continues to grow in popularity as a useful neuroimaging method to study brain development, and longitudinal studies that track the same individuals over time are emerging. Over the last decade, seminal work using dMRI has provided new insights into the development of brain white matter (WM) microstructure, connections and networks throughout childhood and adolescence. This review provides an introduction to dMRI, both diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and other dMRI models, as well as common acquisition and analysis approaches...
December 7, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223425/assessing-age-dependent-multi-task-functional-co-activation-changes-using-measures-of-task-potency
#10
Roselyne J Chauvin, Maarten Mennes, Jan K Buitelaar, Christian F Beckmann
It is being hypothesised that the developing adolescent brain is increasingly enlisting long-range connectivity, allowing improved communication between spatially distant brain regions. The developmental trajectories of such maturational changes remain elusive. Here, we aim to study how the brain engages in multiple tasks (working memory, reward processing, and inhibition) at the network-level and evaluate how effects of age across these tasks are related to each other. We characterise how the brain departs from its functional baseline architecture towards task-induced functional connectivity modulations using a novel measure called task potency, allowing direct comparison between tasks by defining sensitivity to one or multiple tasks...
December 5, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197727/development-of-face-recognition-dynamic-causal-modelling-of-meg-data
#11
Wei He, Blake W Johnson
Electrophysiological studies of adults indicate that brain activity is enhanced during viewing of repeated faces, at a latency of about 250ms after the onset of the face (M250/N250). The present study aimed to determine if this effect was also present in preschool-aged children, whose brain activity was measured in a custom-sized pediatric MEG system. The results showed that, unlike adults, face repetition did not show any significant modulation of M250 amplitude in children; however children's M250 latencies were significantly faster for repeated than non-repeated faces...
November 23, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325701/developmental-cognitive-neuroscience-using-latent-change-score-models-a-tutorial-and-applications
#12
REVIEW
Rogier A Kievit, Andreas M Brandmaier, Gabriel Ziegler, Anne-Laura van Harmelen, Susanne M M de Mooij, Michael Moutoussis, Ian M Goodyer, Ed Bullmore, Peter B Jones, Peter Fonagy, Ulman Lindenberger, Raymond J Dolan
Assessing and analysing individual differences in change over time is of central scientific importance to developmental neuroscience. However, the literature is based largely on cross-sectional comparisons, which reflect a variety of influences and cannot directly represent change. We advocate using latent change score (LCS) models in longitudinal samples as a statistical framework to tease apart the complex processes underlying lifespan development in brain and behaviour using longitudinal data. LCS models provide a flexible framework that naturally accommodates key developmental questions as model parameters and can even be used, with some limitations, in cases with only two measurement occasions...
November 22, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221915/structural-brain-development-a-review-of-methodological-approaches-and-best-practices
#13
REVIEW
Nandita Vijayakumar, Kathryn L Mills, Aaron Alexander-Bloch, Christian K Tamnes, Sarah Whittle
Continued advances in neuroimaging technologies and statistical modelling capabilities have improved our knowledge of structural brain development in children and adolescents. While this has provided an increasingly nuanced understanding of brain development, the field is still plagued by inconsistent findings. This review highlights the methodological diversity in existing longitudinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies on structural brain development during childhood and adolescence, and addresses how such variation might contribute to inconsistencies in the literature...
November 22, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197726/the-neural-signature-of-self-concept-development-in-adolescence-the-role-of-domain-and-valence-distinctions
#14
R van der Cruijsen, S Peters, L P E van der Aar, E A Crone
Neuroimaging studies in adults showed that cortical midline regions including medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and posterior parietal cortex (PPC) are important in self-evaluations. The goals of this study were to investigate the contribution of these regions to self-evaluations in late childhood, adolescence, and early adulthood, and to examine whether these differed per domain (academic, physical and prosocial) and valence (positive versus negative). Also, we tested whether this activation changes across adolescence...
November 22, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196032/current-methods-and-limitations-for-longitudinal-fmri-analysis-across-development
#15
Tara Madhyastha, Matthew Peverill, Natalie Koh, Connor McCabe, John Flournoy, Kate Mills, Kevin King, Jennifer Pfeifer, Katie A McLaughlin
The human brain is remarkably plastic. The brain changes dramatically across development, with ongoing functional development continuing well into the third decade of life and substantial changes occurring again in older age. Dynamic changes in brain function are thought to underlie the innumerable changes in cognition, emotion, and behavior that occur across development. The brain also changes in response to experience, which raises important questions about how the environment influences the developing brain...
November 22, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175538/white-matter-structural-connectivity-and-episodic-memory-in-early-childhood
#16
Chi T Ngo, Kylie H Alm, Athanasia Metoki, William Hampton, Tracy Riggins, Nora S Newcombe, Ingrid R Olson
Episodic memory undergoes dramatic improvement in early childhood; the reason for this is poorly understood. In adults, episodic memory relies on a distributed neural network. Key brain regions that supporting these processes include the hippocampus, portions of the parietal cortex, and portions of prefrontal cortex, each of which shows different developmental profiles. Here we asked whether developmental differences in the axonal pathways connecting these regions may account for the robust gains in episodic memory in young children...
November 16, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158073/methodological-challenges-in-the-comparison-of-infant-fmri-across-age-groups
#17
REVIEW
Rhodri Cusack, Olivia McCuaig, Annika C Linke
Functional MRI (fMRI) in infants is rapidly growing and providing fundamental insights into the origins of brain functions. Comparing brain development at different ages is particularly powerful, but there are a number of methodological challenges that must be addressed if confounds are to be avoided. With development, brains change in composition in a way that alters their tissue contrast, and in size, shape, and gyrification, requiring careful image processing strategies and age-specific standard templates...
November 11, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153656/tune-to-touch-affective-touch-enhances-learning-of-face-identity-in-4-month-old-infants
#18
Letizia Della Longa, Teodora Gliga, Teresa Farroni
Touch provides more than sensory input for discrimination of what is on the skin. From early in development it has a rewarding and motivational value, which may reflect an evolutionary mechanism that promotes learning and affiliative bonding. In the present study we investigated whether affective touch helps infants tune to social signals, such as faces. Four-month-old infants were habituated to an individual face with averted gaze, which typically does not engage infants to the same extent as direct gaze does...
November 11, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150307/approaching-retention-within-the-adolescent-brain-cognitive-development-study
#19
REVIEW
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Linda Chang, Linda B Cottler, Susan F Tapert, Gayathri J Dowling, Sandra A Brown
Retention efforts are critical to maintain relationships with research participants over time. This is especially important for the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, where families are asked to stay engaged with the study throughout the course of 10 years. This high-degree of involvement is essential to longitudinally track child and adolescent development. At a minimum, we will connect with families every 6 months by telephone, and every year in person, with closer contact with the youth directly as they transition into adolescence...
November 11, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113758/demographic-physical-and-mental-health-assessments-in-the-adolescent-brain-and-cognitive-development-study-rationale-and-description
#20
REVIEW
Deanna M Barch, Matthew D Albaugh, Shelli Avenevoli, Linda Chang, Duncan B Clark, Meyer D Glantz, James J Hudziak, Terry L Jernigan, Susan F Tapert, Debbie Yurgelun-Todd, Nelly Alia-Klein, Alexandra S Potter, Martin P Paulus, Devin Prouty, Robert A Zucker, Kenneth J Sher
The Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study incorporates a comprehensive range of measures assessing predictors and outcomes related to both mental and physical health across childhood and adolescence. The workgroup developed a battery that would assess a comprehensive range of domains that address study aims while minimizing participant and family burden. We review the major considerations that went into deciding what constructs to cover in the demographics, physical health and mental health domains, as well as the process of selecting measures, piloting and refining the originally proposed battery...
November 3, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
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