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Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience

Denise M Werchan, Heidi A Baumgartner, David J Lewkowicz, Dima Amso
Classic views of multisensory processing suggest that cortical sensory regions are specialized. More recent views argue that cortical sensory regions are inherently multisensory. To date, there are no published neuroimaging data that directly test these claims in infancy. Here we used fNIRS to show that temporal and occipital cortex are functionally coupled in 3.5-5-month-old infants (N = 65), and that the extent of this coupling during a synchronous, but not an asynchronous, audiovisual event predicted whether occipital cortex would subsequently respond to sound-only information...
August 3, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Jeya Anandakumar, Kathryn L Mills, Eric A Earl, Lourdes Irwin, Oscar Miranda-Dominguez, Damion V Demeter, Alexandra Walton-Weston, Sarah Karalunas, Joel Nigg, Damien A Fair
The transition from childhood to adolescence is marked by distinct changes in behavior, including how one values waiting for a large reward compared to receiving an immediate, yet smaller, reward. While previous research has emphasized the relationship between this preference and age, it is also proposed that this behavior is related to circuitry between valuation and cognitive control systems. In this study, we examined how age and intrinsic functional connectivity strength within and between these neural systems relate to changes in discounting behavior across the transition into adolescence...
July 30, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Jennifer Zuk, Meaghan V Perdue, Bryce Becker, Xi Yu, Michelle Chang, Nora Maria Raschle, Nadine Gaab
Phonological processing has been postulated as a core area of deficit among children with dyslexia. Reduced brain activation during phonological processing in children with dyslexia has been observed in left-hemispheric temporoparietal regions. Musical training has shown positive associations with phonological processing abilities, but the neural mechanisms underlying this relationship remain unspecified. The present research aims to distinguish neural correlates of phonological processing in school-age typically developing musically trained children, musically untrained children, and musically untrained children with dyslexia utilizing fMRI...
July 29, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
L J Gabard-Durnam, J O'Muircheartaigh, H Dirks, D C Dean, N Tottenham, S Deoni
Although the amygdala's role in shaping social behavior is especially important during early post-natal development, very little is known of amygdala functional development before childhood. To address this gap, this study uses resting-state fMRI to examine early amygdalar functional network development in a cross-sectional sample of 80 children from 3-months to 5-years of age. Whole brain functional connectivity with the amygdala, and its laterobasal and superficial sub-regions, were largely similar to those seen in older children and adults...
July 21, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Fanny Dégeilh, Annie Bernier, Élizabel Leblanc, Véronique Daneault, Miriam H Beauchamp
Infants' experiences are considered to determine to a large degree the strength and effectiveness of neural connections and fine tune the development of brain networks. As one of the most pervasive and potent relational experiences of infancy, parent-child relationships appear to be prime candidates to account for experience-driven differences in children's brain development. Yet, studies linking parenting and functional connectivity are surprisingly scarce, and restricted to the connectivity of limbic structures...
July 21, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
L Pirazzoli, S Lloyd-Fox, R Braukmann, M H Johnson, T Gliga
In adults, affective touch leads to widespread activation of cortical areas including posterior Superior Temporal Sulcus (pSTS) and Inferior Frontal Gyrus (IFG). Using functional Near Infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS), we asked whether similar areas are activated in 5-month-old infants, by comparing affective to non-affective touch. We contrasted a human touch stroke to strokes performed with a cold metallic spoon. The hypothesis that adult-like activation of cortical areas would be seen only in response to the human touch stroke was not confirmed...
July 5, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, James M Bjork, Monica Luciana
The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development Study (ABCD) will capture a breadth of multi-faceted biobehavioral, environmental, familial, and genetic longitudinal developmental open-access data from over 11,000 9-10 year olds throughout the United States of America (USA) for an envisioned ten-year span. This will subsequently represent the largest study ever attempted with this level of brain phenotypic detail. This study holds the opportunity for exciting advances in the understanding of typical adolescent neurodevelopment, discovery of neurodevelopmental underpinnings of mental illness, as well as the neurodevelopmental influences of (and on) social factors, substance use, and critically - their interaction...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Allison M Auchter, Margie Hernandez Mejia, Charles J Heyser, Paul D Shilling, Terry L Jernigan, Sandra A Brown, Susan F Tapert, Gayathri J Dowling
The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study is designed to be the largest study of brain development and child health in the United States, performing comprehensive assessments of 11,500 children repeatedly for 10 years. An endeavor of this magnitude requires an organized framework of governance and communication that promotes collaborative decision-making and dissemination of information. The ABCD consortium structure, built upon the Matrix Management approach of organizational theory, facilitates the integration of input from all institutions, numerous internal workgroups and committees, federal partners, and external advisory groups to make use of a broad range of expertise to ensure the study's success...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
H Garavan, H Bartsch, K Conway, A Decastro, R Z Goldstein, S Heeringa, T Jernigan, A Potter, W Thompson, D Zahs
The ABCD study is a new and ongoing project of very substantial size and scale involving 21 data acquisition sites. It aims to recruit 11,500 children and follow them for ten years with extensive assessments at multiple timepoints. To deliver on its potential to adequately describe adolescent development, it is essential that it adopt recruitment procedures that are efficient and effective and will yield a sample that reflects the nation's diversity in an epidemiologically informed manner. Here, we describe the sampling plans and recruitment procedures of this study...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Elizabeth A Hoffman, Katia D Howlett, Florence Breslin, Gayathri J Dowling
The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study, a large, longitudinal study of brain development and child health, relies on the engagement of communities, educators, and families to ensure its success. To that end, community and partner relationships, development of targeted messages and materials for specific audiences (educators, families, youth, scientists), and continued and consistent outreach must be an integral part of the Consortium activities. The ABCD Consortium has made these efforts a priority and developed a framework to raise awareness about the study and promote sustained broad-base support from diverse stakeholders...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Rolf Loeber, Duncan B Clark, Lia Ahonen, Douglas FitzGerald, Elisa M Trucco, Robert A Zucker
To guide recruitment, the ABCD Study requires a method for identifying children at high risk for early-onset substance use that may be utilized during the recruitment process. This study was undertaken to inform the development of a brief screen for identifying youths' risk of early-onset substance use and other adverse outcomes. To be acceptable by participants in this context, consideration of potential items was limited to child characteristics previously determined to be potentially pertinent and parental cigarette smoking...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
K S Bagot, S A Matthews, M Mason, Lindsay M Squeglia, J Fowler, K Gray, M Herting, A May, I Colrain, J Godino, S Tapert, S Brown, K Patrick
Mobile and wearable technologies and novel methods of data collection are innovating health-related research. These technologies and methods allow for multi-system level capture of data across environmental, physiological, behavioral, and psychological domains. In the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study, there is great potential for harnessing the acceptability, accessibility, and functionality of mobile and social technologies for in-vivo data capture to precisely measure factors, and interactions between factors, that contribute to childhood and adolescent neurodevelopment and psychosocial and health outcomes...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Robert A Zucker, Raul Gonzalez, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Martin P Paulus, Judith Arroyo, Andrew Fuligni, Amanda Sheffield Morris, Mariana Sanchez, Thomas Wills
Neurodevelopmental maturation takes place in a social environment in addition to a neurobiological one. Characterization of social environmental factors that influence this process is therefore an essential component in developing an accurate model of adolescent brain and neurocognitive development, as well as susceptibility to change with the use of marijuana and other drugs. The creation of the Culture and Environment (CE) measurement component of the ABCD protocol was guided by this understanding. Three areas were identified by the CE Work Group as central to this process: influences relating to CE Group membership, influences created by the proximal social environment, influences stemming from social interactions...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Kristina A Uban, Megan K Horton, Joanna Jacobus, Charles Heyser, Wesley K Thompson, Susan F Tapert, Pamela A F Madden, Elizabeth R Sowell
Biospecimen collection in the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study - of hair samples, shed deciduous (baby) teeth, and body fluids - will serve dual functions of screening for study eligibility, and providing measures of biological processes thought to predict or correlate with key study outcomes on brain and cognitive development. Biosamples are being collected annually to screen for recency of drug use prior to the neuroimaging or cognitive testing visit, and to store for the following future studies: (1) on the effects of exposure to illicit and recreational drugs (including alcohol and nicotine); (2) of pubertal hormones on brain and cognitive developmental trajectories; (3) on the contribution of genomics and epigenomics to child and adolescent development and behavioral outcomes; and (4) with pre- and post-natal exposure to environmental neurotoxicants and drugs of abuse measured from novel tooth analyses...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
B J Casey, Tariq Cannonier, May I Conley, Alexandra O Cohen, Deanna M Barch, Mary M Heitzeg, Mary E Soules, Theresa Teslovich, Danielle V Dellarco, Hugh Garavan, Catherine A Orr, Tor D Wager, Marie T Banich, Nicole K Speer, Matthew T Sutherland, Michael C Riedel, Anthony S Dick, James M Bjork, Kathleen M Thomas, Bader Chaarani, Margie H Mejia, Donald J Hagler, M Daniela Cornejo, Chelsea S Sicat, Michael P Harms, Nico U F Dosenbach, Monica Rosenberg, Eric Earl, Hauke Bartsch, Richard Watts, Jonathan R Polimeni, Joshua M Kuperman, Damien A Fair, Anders M Dale
The ABCD study is recruiting and following the brain development and health of over 10,000 9-10 year olds through adolescence. The imaging component of the study was developed by the ABCD Data Analysis and Informatics Center (DAIC) and the ABCD Imaging Acquisition Workgroup. Imaging methods and assessments were selected, optimized and harmonized across all 21 sites to measure brain structure and function relevant to adolescent development and addiction. This article provides an overview of the imaging procedures of the ABCD study, the basis for their selection and preliminary quality assurance and results that provide evidence for the feasibility and age-appropriateness of procedures and generalizability of findings to the existent literature...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Krista M Lisdahl, Kenneth J Sher, Kevin P Conway, Raul Gonzalez, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Sara Jo Nixon, Susan Tapert, Hauke Bartsch, Rita Z Goldstein, Mary Heitzeg
One of the objectives of the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study ( is to establish a national longitudinal cohort of 9 and 10 year olds that will be followed for 10 years in order to prospectively study the risk and protective factors influencing substance use and its consequences, examine the impact of substance use on neurocognitive, health and psychosocial outcomes, and to understand the relationship between substance use and psychopathology. This article provides an overview of the ABCD Study Substance Use Workgroup, provides the goals for the workgroup, rationale for the substance use battery, and includes details on the substance use module methods and measurement tools used during baseline, 6-month and 1-year follow-up assessment time-points...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
M Luciana, J M Bjork, B J Nagel, D M Barch, R Gonzalez, S J Nixon, M T Banich
Adolescence is characterized by numerous social, hormonal and physical changes, as well as a marked increase in risk-taking behaviors. Dual systems models attribute adolescent risk-taking to tensions between developing capacities for cognitive control and motivational strivings, which may peak at this time. A comprehensive understanding of neurocognitive development during the adolescent period is necessary to permit the distinction between premorbid vulnerabilities and consequences of behaviors such as substance use...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Terry L Jernigan, Sandra A Brown
The Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study is a longitudinal, observational study of over 10,000 youth recruited at 21 sites throughout the United States. Comprehensive biennial assessments and more limited interim assessments measure health, mental health, neurocognition, family, cultural and environmental variables, substance use, genetic and other biomarkers, and structural and functional brain development. Within this Special Issue, readers will find much information about the rationale and objectives of the study, the broad ranging assessment protocols and new as well as traditional methodologies applied at baseline, the recruitment and retention strategies, and the anticipated final composition of the cohort...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Michael E Charness
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Linda Chang, Linda B Cottler, Susan F Tapert, Gayathri J Dowling, Sandra A Brown
Retention efforts are critical to maintain relationships with research participants over time. This is especially important for the Adolescent Brain Cognitive Development (ABCD) study, where families are asked to stay engaged with the study throughout the course of 10 years. This high-degree of involvement is essential to longitudinally track child and adolescent development. At a minimum, we will connect with families every 6 months by telephone, and every year in person, with closer contact with the youth directly as they transition into adolescence...
August 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
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