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IEEE Pulse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757749/cyberattacks-on-devices-threaten-data-and-patients-cybersecurity-risks-come-with-the-territory-three-experts-explain-what-you-need-to-know
#1
Leslie Mertz
Every device that contains a computer component is open to cyberattacks, and that potential escalates when the device is connected to another device, an information technology (IT) network, or the Internet. This is especially troublesome when it comes to medical devices, because patient care hangs in the balance.
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757748/the-robotics-revolution-will-be-soft-soft-robotics-proliferate-along-with-their-sources-of-inspiration
#2
Sarah Campbell
When soft robotics first emerged, it was defined (as breakthroughs often are) by what it was that its traditional counterparts were not, i.e., soft. A decade in, the nomenclature remains apt. The pliant materials used in soft robotics are often both a defining trait and a source of advantage. Soft robots continue to make headlines with their ability to squeeze, octopus-like, through narrow crevices; change shape; and survive impacts that would crush a traditional rigid robot. They distinguish themselves from their hard counterparts with their damage resilience, complex movements, and suitability for use with the human body...
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757747/the-human-touch-practical-and-ethical-implications-of-putting-ai-and-robotics-to-work-for-patients
#3
Jim Banks
We live in a time when science fiction can quickly become science fact. Within a generation, the Internet has matured from a technological marvel to a utility, and mobile telephones have redefined how we communicate. Health care, as an industry, is quick to embrace technology, so it is no surprise that the application of programmable robotic systems that can carry out actions automatically and artificial intelligence (AI), e.g., machines that learn, solve problems, and respond to their environment, is being keenly explored...
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757746/biomedical-materials-learn-to-heal-themselves-self-healing-polymers-hydrogels-and-artificial-muscles-are-mimicking-nature-s-repair-mechanisms
#4
David L Chandler
Maintaining sterility in emergency and operating rooms can be challenging, especially in cases of highly infectious disease outbreaks or toxic spills. A simple nick in a surgical glove under such circumstances could have deadly consequences. But, now, a variety of promising new materials in development may lead to everything from self-healing gloves and bandages to bone, blood vessel, and muscle scaffolding implants that could repair themselves the way tissues do. In some cases, repair might be triggered by an external stimulus, such as heat; in other cases, these materials would naturally heal by themselves over time...
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757745/hospital-cio-explains-blockchain-potential-an-interview-with-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center-s-john-halamka
#5
Leslie Mertz
Work is already underway to bring blockchain technology to the healthcare industry, and hospital administrators are trying to figure out what it can do for them, their clinicians, and their patients. That includes administrators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, a leading academic medical center located in Boston.
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757744/-block-chain-reaction-a-blockchain-revolution-sweeps-into-health-care-offering-the-possibility-for-a-much-needed-data-solution
#6
Leslie Mertz
Electronic health records may have digitized patient data, but getting that data from one clinician to another remains a huge challenge, especially since patients often have multiple doctors ordering tests, prescribing drugs, and providing treatment. Many experts now believe that blockchain technology might be just the thing to get a patient's pertinent medical information from where it is stored to where it is needed, as well as to allow patients to easily view their own medical histories. In addition, blockchain technology might also be able to help with other aspects of health care, such as improving the insurance claim or other administrative processes within healthcare networks and making health-related population data available to biomedical researchers...
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553939/gabriela-mistral-who-she-was-and-what-she-did-for-education-retrospectroscope
#7
Max E Valentinuzzi
Education is no doubt the foundation of any healthy society. When it is lacking or substandard in quality, all sorts of misery may arise, from poverty and disease to outright delinquency and destructive (or even self-destructive) behavior. The daily news from all around this troubled world often appalls and frightens us: such atrocious and disgraceful behavior generates a vicious cycle that serves to stir up even greater depravity. It is my contention that most, if not all, of these barbarities could be prevented if more people were provided the opportunity for a well-rounded, thoughtfully conceived education [1]...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553938/grappling-with-the-health-consequences-of-floods-hurricanes-monsoons-and-heavy-rains-have-researchers-studying-how-to-prevent-the-diseases-that-often-follow
#8
Wudan Yan
In early September 2017, when the rains from Hurricane Harvey finally subsided in Houston, Texas, Seth Pedersen loaded up his pickup truck with sample collection kits, waders, rubber boots, buckets, and a small aluminum fishing boat. On that particular day, Pedersen, a second-year graduate student in environmental engineering at Rice University, was-along with a fellow graduate student-on a mission to test the water in homes flooded by Hurricane Harvey. He was looking specifically for E. coli bacteria, chemicals, heavy metals, and other pathogens (Figure 1)...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553937/tackling-an-epidemic-new-and-emerging-opioid-addiction-treatments-offer-hope-for-solutions-to-this-crisis
#9
Mary Bates
The opioid epidemic is dominating news headlines and inspiring greater calls for political action in the United States. While opioid addiction isn't a new issue, its devastating consequences are now being felt across the country. "What's got everybody's attention is that so many people are dying," says Dr. Richard Ries (Figure 1), director of the University of Washington School of Medicine?s addictions divisions and medical director of the Outpatient Addictions Program at Harborview Medical Center, Seattle...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553936/a-time-of-forgetting-menopause-may-hold-a-key-to-understanding-the-development-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Jennifer Berglund
One day in the mid-1980s, at New York City's Rockefeller Hospital, two scientists met at opposite poles of their careers. Roberta Diaz Brinton (Figure 1) was a newly minted Ph.D. and a postdoctoral researcher at the hospital, where she was studying the molecular and cellular mechanisms of learning and memory. Dr. Rowena Ansbacher was a patient who'd spent her working life at the University of Vermont as a passionate scholar of Adlerian psychology. The pair clicked immediately, playfully bantering at times or expounding on Alfred Adler's ideas, which shaped much of the field of psychology in the 20th century...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553935/staying-in-motion-after-a-stroke-a-growing-number-of-technologies-can-provide-a-range-of-options-to-help-stroke-survivors-get-moving-again
#11
Wudan Yan
After suffering a stroke-perhaps a blood clot gets lodged in the brain or a blood vessel near the brain bursts-a person may suddenly not be able to hear, talk, or see. He or she might have trouble walking or exhibit a speech impediment. In fact, one of the greatest challenges of treating patients affected by stroke is that it's a heterogeneous condition, says Joel Stein, a physiatrist specializing in physical medicine and rehabilitation at Columbia University and Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City (Figure 1)...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553934/a-crispr-approach-for-a-common-inherited-disease-researchers-at-duke-university-hope-gene-editing-can-eliminate-mutations-that-lead-to-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#12
Leslie Mertz
Gene editing and CRISPR (a group of repeated DNA sequences in bacteria) typically target disease-causing mutated genes by eliminating the bad gene altogether, by correcting the problem DNA to restore proper gene functioning, or by modifying a different gene to compensate for the faulty gene's lost function. One research group at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, however, is using a different strategy to fight one of the most common inherited genetic diseases: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD).
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553933/physiological-sensing-now-open-to-the-world-new-resources-are-allowing-us-to-learn-experiment-and-create-imaginative-solutions-for-biomedical-applications
#13
Hugo Placido da Silva
With the advent of low-cost computing platforms, such as Arduino (http://www.arduino.cc) and Raspberry Pi (http://www.raspberrypi.org), it has become clear that lowering the cost barrier and shortening the learning curve, with the backing of a motivated community, would play a transformational role in the way people learn, experiment, and create imaginative solutions to outstanding problems that can benefit from embedded systems.
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553932/nuclear-imaging-enters-a-new-era-combining-diagnosis-and-therapy-nuclear-medicine-has-the-potential-to-advance-cancer-treatment-and-care
#14
Leslie Mertz
Nuclear medicine has come a long way in a short time. Over the past three decades alone, it has taken two major steps forward and is now on the precipice of yet another advance that could begin to have a real impact on cancer care within the year.
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373857/the-brain-willis-circle-and-ring-electric-power-systems-analogies-retrospectroscope
#15
Max E Valentinuzzi, Ricardo Diaz
The word analogy is a synonym of likeness, resemblance, similitude, or affinity and involves two concepts being placed side by side, as in a comparison [1]. The workings of nature and those of human societies are amenable to such analogous comparison-even though the evolution of the natural world obviously spans millions of years [2], while human societies are much younger, relatively puppies by comparison. This article considers two interesting examples from these two realms that show remarkable similarities (possibly a result of sheer chance), i...
January 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373856/black-and-white-and-shades-of-gray-state-of-the-art
#16
Arthur T Johnson
"Moderation in all things" is a popular saying that many of us have heard all our lives. Still, a good number of people seem to have forgotten the sentiment behind this advice. Instead of looking for the good that exists within the bad and the bad that dwells within the good, people are choosing to line up behind one extreme or another. Nuances are being ignored in favor of strong positions on either side of the middle. This has led inevitably to polarization, partisanship, and balkanization in our society...
January 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373855/toward-better-management-for-asthma-from-smart-inhalers-to-injections-to-wearables-researchers-are-finding-new-ways-to-improve-asthma-treatment
#17
Wudan Yan
Although asthma has been around since Hippocrates' time, more people are being diagnosed with the disease than ever before. Over the last 20 years, the global burden of asthma has increased by almost 30%, as more than 235 million people-most of them children-cope with the breathlessness and wheezing characteristic of the disease. In particular, cases have spiked in China and India, where pollution is reported to sometimes be deadly. Researchers with the Health Effects Institute, a Boston-based nonprofit that studies the health effects of pollution, recently reported that air pollution in India and China alone contributed to more than half of the four million deaths worldwide due to air pollution in 2015...
January 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373854/a-new-fight-against-colon-cancer-as-cancer-rates-rise-among-younger-adults-researchers-look-for-new-screening-and-treatment-options
#18
Mary Bates
Although the overall incidence of colon cancer has been falling over the past few decades, a pair of recent studies revealed a startling trend. In February 2017, researchers published a report showing that colon cancer rates were rising among younger adults. Some skeptics suggested the spike might simply reflect earlier detection and not necessarily represent a real increase in the disease. But a follow-up study found that Gen-Xers and millenials aren't just getting cancer diagnoses earlier; they are dying from colon cancer at slightly higher rates than in previous decades...
January 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373853/tiny-conveyance-micro-and-nanorobots-prepare-to-advance-medicine
#19
Leslie Mertz
In the science-fiction classic Fantastic Voyage [1], a shrink-ray zaps a submarine and the crew within it, and the resulting microscopic vehicle ventures inside a human body to destroy a blood clot and save a prominent patient's life. While that scenario remains in the realm of make-believe, it may not be long before micro- and nanoscale robots can navigate a person's blood vessels and execute a medical task, such as the targeted delivery of drugs or even the performance of some medical procedures.
January 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373852/technology-you-can-swallow-moving-beyond-wearable-sensors-researchers-are-creating-ingestible-ones
#20
Jennifer Berglund
Around 6 p.m. each evening, the streets of Boston's suburbs come alive with the physically fit and those aspiring to be. They are runners, bikers, walkers, and scooter riders of all different body shapes and ages who would seem to have little in common except one thing-an electronic band wrapped around their wrist. For many of these people, it's hard to imagine life without the daily nagging from a personal health device to meet their daily prescript of 10,000 steps.
January 2018: IEEE Pulse
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