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IEEE Pulse

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028683/will-the-real-designer-please-stand-up-senior-design
#1
Jay Goldberg
In the 1950s and 1960s, there was a popular television show called To Tell the Truth, on which three contestants claimed to be a person with an unusual occupation or distinction. Two of them were impostors, and the other was telling the truth. Four panelists asked the contestants questions to determine who was being truthful. After each panelist chose the contestant he or she thought was telling the truth, the host would ask "Will the real _____ please stand up?" To create drama, each contestant would rise at different times and then sit, leaving the contestant with the unusual occupation or distinction standing...
July 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028682/controlling-seizures-with-technology-researchers-are-working-to-predict-and-prevent-epileptic-seizures-before-they-happen
#2
Mary Bates
Mike McKenna was tired of epilepsy controlling his life. For years, he tried different medications and therapies to no avail; his seizures, which occurred every three to six days, dictated what he could do and where he could live. Then, about ten years ago, he joined a clinical trial for a new, implantable medical device from a company called NeuroPace. The RNS System monitors brain activity, detects patterns that indicate an imminent seizure, and responds by sending brief electrical pulses to disrupt the abnormal brain activity, stopping seizures in their tracks...
July 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028681/toward-better-treatment-for-women-s-reproductive-health-new-devices-nanoparticles-and-even-robotic-sperm-may-hold-the-key-to-preventing-a-range-of-health-conditions
#3
Wudan Yan
Although women and men share many similar health challenges throughout their lifetimes, women are not necessarily healthier. Some conditions that only women experience-such as pregnancy, ovarian cancer, or the abnormal growth of the uterus called endometriosis- can become great health risks. HIV, AIDS, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are also serious medical and social issues for women worldwide. And because a woman's reproductive system is complex and delicate-which makes it particularly vulnerable to dysfunction or disease-finding ways to treat conditions that take root in the reproductive tract often prove challenging...
July 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028680/can-ai-truly-transform-health-care-a-recent-ieee-pulse-on-stage-forum-offers-some-perspective
#4
Ahmed Morsy
As scholars have predicted and researchers have now shown, we are entering an age of global artificial intelligence (AI) convergence. Health care is just one area in which AI is gaining a foothold, as evidenced by two parallel conferences held in March 2018 in Las Vegas, Nevada. The first of these was the annual meeting of the Hospital Information and Management Systems Society, attended by nearly 45,000 participants; the second was a more focused, engineering-oriented conference on biomedical health informatics and biosensor networks, attended by about 450...
July 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028679/the-many-textures-of-robotics-flexible-materials-that-conform-to-and-interact-with-the-human-body-may-mean-better-outcomes-for-patients
#5
Leslie Mertz
Innovative researchers are employing flexible, rather than rigid materials in combination with new design approaches as part of the emerging field of biomedical soft robotics. The idea is to generate tools that conform to and interact with the human body in a much more natural and lightweight way, providing better treatment options for clinicians and translating into better outcomes for patients.
July 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028678/engineering-opportunities-in-cancer-immunotherapy-after-decades-of-missteps-and-delays-a-growing-immune-oncology-market-and-improved-cancer-treatment-outcomes-open-new-prospects-for-biomedical-engineers-and-data-scientists
#6
David A Zaharoff
More than a century ago, the American surgeon William Coley noticed a correlation between cancer remissions and postoperative infections: some patients who had battled an infection also experienced a regression of their cancer. Because of these observations, Coley hypothesized that a patient's immune response to a bacterial infection could be leveraged to treat cancer. To test his hypothesis, Coley injected live bacteria into an inoperable tumor of one of his patients. The patient's tumor regressed, and Coley went on to experiment with direct injections of live, and later heat-killed, bacteria into more than a thousand patients over the next 40-plus years...
July 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30028677/self-driving-and-self-diagnosing-with-emerging-technology-your-car-may-soon-serve-not-only-as-personal-chauffeur-and-entertainment-center-but-as-a-health-advisor-too
#7
Kristina Grifantini
Advances in automobile technology have made headlines over the last few years, and not always for good reasons. In March 2018, an Uber self-driving car ran over a pedestrian in Arizona-the latest in a handful of casualties tied to automated car systems. Despite such tragedies, however, cutting-edge technologies in cars may prove beneficial for people?s health overall. In 2016, a driver who suffered a pulmonary embolism while on the road credited the autopilot features of his Tesla Model X with saving his life: the car managed to navigate the 20 miles to the nearest hospital during the incident...
July 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757749/cyberattacks-on-devices-threaten-data-and-patients-cybersecurity-risks-come-with-the-territory-three-experts-explain-what-you-need-to-know
#8
Leslie Mertz
Every device that contains a computer component is open to cyberattacks, and that potential escalates when the device is connected to another device, an information technology (IT) network, or the Internet. This is especially troublesome when it comes to medical devices, because patient care hangs in the balance.
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757748/the-robotics-revolution-will-be-soft-soft-robotics-proliferate-along-with-their-sources-of-inspiration
#9
Sarah Campbell
When soft robotics first emerged, it was defined (as breakthroughs often are) by what it was that its traditional counterparts were not, i.e., soft. A decade in, the nomenclature remains apt. The pliant materials used in soft robotics are often both a defining trait and a source of advantage. Soft robots continue to make headlines with their ability to squeeze, octopus-like, through narrow crevices; change shape; and survive impacts that would crush a traditional rigid robot. They distinguish themselves from their hard counterparts with their damage resilience, complex movements, and suitability for use with the human body...
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757747/the-human-touch-practical-and-ethical-implications-of-putting-ai-and-robotics-to-work-for-patients
#10
Jim Banks
We live in a time when science fiction can quickly become science fact. Within a generation, the Internet has matured from a technological marvel to a utility, and mobile telephones have redefined how we communicate. Health care, as an industry, is quick to embrace technology, so it is no surprise that the application of programmable robotic systems that can carry out actions automatically and artificial intelligence (AI), e.g., machines that learn, solve problems, and respond to their environment, is being keenly explored...
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757746/biomedical-materials-learn-to-heal-themselves-self-healing-polymers-hydrogels-and-artificial-muscles-are-mimicking-nature-s-repair-mechanisms
#11
David L Chandler
Maintaining sterility in emergency and operating rooms can be challenging, especially in cases of highly infectious disease outbreaks or toxic spills. A simple nick in a surgical glove under such circumstances could have deadly consequences. But, now, a variety of promising new materials in development may lead to everything from self-healing gloves and bandages to bone, blood vessel, and muscle scaffolding implants that could repair themselves the way tissues do. In some cases, repair might be triggered by an external stimulus, such as heat; in other cases, these materials would naturally heal by themselves over time...
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757745/hospital-cio-explains-blockchain-potential-an-interview-with-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center-s-john-halamka
#12
Leslie Mertz
Work is already underway to bring blockchain technology to the healthcare industry, and hospital administrators are trying to figure out what it can do for them, their clinicians, and their patients. That includes administrators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, a leading academic medical center located in Boston.
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757744/-block-chain-reaction-a-blockchain-revolution-sweeps-into-health-care-offering-the-possibility-for-a-much-needed-data-solution
#13
Leslie Mertz
Electronic health records may have digitized patient data, but getting that data from one clinician to another remains a huge challenge, especially since patients often have multiple doctors ordering tests, prescribing drugs, and providing treatment. Many experts now believe that blockchain technology might be just the thing to get a patient's pertinent medical information from where it is stored to where it is needed, as well as to allow patients to easily view their own medical histories. In addition, blockchain technology might also be able to help with other aspects of health care, such as improving the insurance claim or other administrative processes within healthcare networks and making health-related population data available to biomedical researchers...
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553939/gabriela-mistral-who-she-was-and-what-she-did-for-education-retrospectroscope
#14
Max E Valentinuzzi
Education is no doubt the foundation of any healthy society. When it is lacking or substandard in quality, all sorts of misery may arise, from poverty and disease to outright delinquency and destructive (or even self-destructive) behavior. The daily news from all around this troubled world often appalls and frightens us: such atrocious and disgraceful behavior generates a vicious cycle that serves to stir up even greater depravity. It is my contention that most, if not all, of these barbarities could be prevented if more people were provided the opportunity for a well-rounded, thoughtfully conceived education [1]...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553938/grappling-with-the-health-consequences-of-floods-hurricanes-monsoons-and-heavy-rains-have-researchers-studying-how-to-prevent-the-diseases-that-often-follow
#15
Wudan Yan
In early September 2017, when the rains from Hurricane Harvey finally subsided in Houston, Texas, Seth Pedersen loaded up his pickup truck with sample collection kits, waders, rubber boots, buckets, and a small aluminum fishing boat. On that particular day, Pedersen, a second-year graduate student in environmental engineering at Rice University, was-along with a fellow graduate student-on a mission to test the water in homes flooded by Hurricane Harvey. He was looking specifically for E. coli bacteria, chemicals, heavy metals, and other pathogens (Figure 1)...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553937/tackling-an-epidemic-new-and-emerging-opioid-addiction-treatments-offer-hope-for-solutions-to-this-crisis
#16
Mary Bates
The opioid epidemic is dominating news headlines and inspiring greater calls for political action in the United States. While opioid addiction isn't a new issue, its devastating consequences are now being felt across the country. "What's got everybody's attention is that so many people are dying," says Dr. Richard Ries (Figure 1), director of the University of Washington School of Medicine?s addictions divisions and medical director of the Outpatient Addictions Program at Harborview Medical Center, Seattle...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553936/a-time-of-forgetting-menopause-may-hold-a-key-to-understanding-the-development-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Jennifer Berglund
One day in the mid-1980s, at New York City's Rockefeller Hospital, two scientists met at opposite poles of their careers. Roberta Diaz Brinton (Figure 1) was a newly minted Ph.D. and a postdoctoral researcher at the hospital, where she was studying the molecular and cellular mechanisms of learning and memory. Dr. Rowena Ansbacher was a patient who'd spent her working life at the University of Vermont as a passionate scholar of Adlerian psychology. The pair clicked immediately, playfully bantering at times or expounding on Alfred Adler's ideas, which shaped much of the field of psychology in the 20th century...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553935/staying-in-motion-after-a-stroke-a-growing-number-of-technologies-can-provide-a-range-of-options-to-help-stroke-survivors-get-moving-again
#18
Wudan Yan
After suffering a stroke-perhaps a blood clot gets lodged in the brain or a blood vessel near the brain bursts-a person may suddenly not be able to hear, talk, or see. He or she might have trouble walking or exhibit a speech impediment. In fact, one of the greatest challenges of treating patients affected by stroke is that it's a heterogeneous condition, says Joel Stein, a physiatrist specializing in physical medicine and rehabilitation at Columbia University and Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City (Figure 1)...
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553934/a-crispr-approach-for-a-common-inherited-disease-researchers-at-duke-university-hope-gene-editing-can-eliminate-mutations-that-lead-to-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy
#19
Leslie Mertz
Gene editing and CRISPR (a group of repeated DNA sequences in bacteria) typically target disease-causing mutated genes by eliminating the bad gene altogether, by correcting the problem DNA to restore proper gene functioning, or by modifying a different gene to compensate for the faulty gene's lost function. One research group at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, however, is using a different strategy to fight one of the most common inherited genetic diseases: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD).
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553933/physiological-sensing-now-open-to-the-world-new-resources-are-allowing-us-to-learn-experiment-and-create-imaginative-solutions-for-biomedical-applications
#20
Hugo Placido da Silva
With the advent of low-cost computing platforms, such as Arduino (http://www.arduino.cc) and Raspberry Pi (http://www.raspberrypi.org), it has become clear that lowering the cost barrier and shortening the learning curve, with the backing of a motivated community, would play a transformational role in the way people learn, experiment, and create imaginative solutions to outstanding problems that can benefit from embedded systems.
March 2018: IEEE Pulse
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