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Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751952/in-office-guided-implant-placement-for-prosthetically-driven-implant-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Daryoush Karami, Hamid Reza Alborzinia, Reza Amid, Mahdi Kadkhodazadeh, Navid Yousefi, Sarina Badakhshan
Application of surgical stents for implant placement via guided flapless surgery is increasing. However, high cost, need for some professional machines, and not taking into account the soft-tissue parameters have limited their application. We sought to design and introduce a technique named in-office guided implant placement (iGIP) to decrease the cost by using available devices in office and enhance the applicability of surgical stents. A customized surgical stent was fabricated based on prosthetic, soft- and hard-tissue parameters by taking into account the amount of available bone (using the computed tomographic [CT] data), soft-tissue thickness and contour (using a composite-covered radiographic stent), and position of the final crown (by diagnostic cast wax up and marking the final crown position with composite)...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751951/narrow-bladed-endo-sagittal-split-osteotomy-retractor
#2
REVIEW
Maurice Yves Mommaerts
A modification of the Obwegeser sagittal split retractor is presented. It is slender while still protecting the soft tissues and is particularly suitable for endoscopically assisted surgery.
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751950/orbital-compartment-syndrome-despite-significant-traumatic-expansion-of-the-orbital-cavity
#3
Deepak Gupta, Bijan Beigi
Periorbital injury can present with various permutations of bone trauma, soft-tissue edema, and hematomas that might involve proptosis and restricted motility. We report a case of a 32-year-old patient who sustained a traumatic orbital compartment syndrome simultaneously with a large, significantly displaced, orbital-floor blow-out fracture. Clinical signs consistent with both conditions were elicited. The initial management was as for orbital compartment syndrome. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed with computed tomographic imaging...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751949/an-alternative-route-for-entrapped-inferior-orbital-nerve-in-orbital-floor-fracture
#4
Anantheswar Y N Rao, Joyce Jesudas
Orbital floor fractures pose a grave threat for injury to the infraorbital nerve, resulting in the patient suffering from a disturbing paraesthesia. It is challenging for the operating surgeon to release and secure the entrapped nerve with reconstruction of the orbital floor. We present an interesting case of orbital floor fracture with entrapped infraorbital nerve, wherein we have decompressed the nerve and provided it, a new course.
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751948/orbitocerebral-impalement-case-discussion-and-management-algorithm
#5
Matthew Gordon Crowson, Miles Berger, Grace C McCarthy, David B Powers
Orbitocerebral impalement by inanimate objects is a relatively uncommon event. If orbitocerebral impalement is suspected, management entails prompt referral to a trauma facility with neurosurgical, neuroanesthesiological, craniomaxillofacial, and ophthalmological expertise. The aim of this report is to describe the unique mechanism and perioperative considerations of a remarkable, deep orbitocerebral impalement from a walker brake lever through the orbital roof after a fall from standing. We discuss clinical vignette, evaluation, anesthetic approach, and considerations and review the literature on the epidemiology, pathophysiology, surgical and anesthetic management, and prognosis of this traumatic mechanism...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751947/reconstruction-of-the-cranial-vault-contour-using-tissue-expander-and-castor-oil-prosthesis
#6
Sylvio Luiz Costa de Moraes, Alexandre Maurity de Paula Afonso, Roberto Gomes Dos Santos, Ricardo Pereira Mattos, E Bruno Gomes Duarte
Nowadays the reconstruction of craniofacial defects can be performed with different kinds of materials, which include the bone and the so-called biomaterials, which have the advantage of not needing a surgical site donor. Among these materials, great attention is given to polymers. In this large group, current attention is focused on the castor oil polymer, since this polymer is biocompatible, low cost, and has adequate strength for reconstruction of the craniomaxillofacial complex. This study aims to report the use of a prosthetic castor oil polymer for reconstruction of extensive defect, caused by a trauma, in the temporoparietal region...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751946/concomitant-ear-bleed-and-styloid-fracture-an-unusual-complication-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-removal
#7
Krishnakumar Raja, Gayathri Gopi, Elavenil Panneerselvam, Jegatheesan Ramamoorthy, Guruprasad Thulasi Doss, Aditi Rajendra Sharma
The removal of impacted mandibular third molar is associated with potential complications such as dry socket, paresthesia, uncontrolled socket bleeding, angle fracture, etc., which are commonly encountered in dental practice. This article presents a peculiar case of "ear bleed" concomitant with "isolated styloid" fracture following removal of impacted mandibular third molar, not reported in the literature till date. Ear bleed is a bothersome clinical sign that requires thorough investigation and prompt treatment because it is frequently related to fractures of the skull base...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751945/injured-anterior-superior-alveolar-nerve-endoscopically-resected-within-maxillary-sinus
#8
Amir H Dorafshar, A Lee Dellon, Eric Lee Wan, Sashank Reddy, Victor W Wong
Posttraumatic facial pain is due to an injured nerve, most often a branch of the trigeminal nerve. While surgical approaches to injuries of the supraorbital, supratrochlear, infraorbital, and inferior alveolar nerves have been reported, an injury to the anterior superior alveolar nerve (ASAN) has not been reported. An algorithm is proposed for the diagnosis of injury to the ASAN versus the infraorbital nerve itself. A case is reported in which pain relief was achieved by dividing the ASAN within the maxillary sinus, leaving the proximal end exposed within the sinus at the level of the orbital floor...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751944/complications-in-mandibular-midline-distraction
#9
Jan Pieter de Gijt, Atilla Gül, Eppo B Wolvius, Karel G H van der Wal, Maarten J Koudstaal
Mandibular midline distraction (MMD) is a relatively new surgical technique for correction of transverse discrepancies of the mandible. This study assesses the amount and burden of complications in MMD. A retrospective cohort study was performed on patients who underwent MMD between 2002 and 2014. Patients with congenital deformities or a history of radiation therapy in the area of interest were excluded. Patient records were obtained and individually assessed for any complications. Complications were graded using the Clavien-Dindo classification system (CDS)...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751943/helmet-wear-and-craniofacial-trauma-burden-a-plea-for-regulations-mandating-protective-helmet-wear
#10
Jamison Anne Harvey, Waleed Gibreel, Ali Charafeddine, Basel Sharaf
Helmet wear offers protection in various ways against craniomaxillofacial and brain trauma. The specific pattern and overall burden of craniofacial trauma among helmeted and unhelmeted patients has not been well defined. This is a retrospective review of trauma patients involved in documented helmet-associated injuries that presented to the Mayo Clinic Emergency Department in Rochester, Minnesota, and completed initial trauma evaluation between 1999 and 2015. A total of 417 patients (50% unhelmeted, 82% male) were identified...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751942/treatment-of-mandibular-angle-fractures-with-single-three-dimensional-locking-miniplates-without-maxillomandibular-fixation-how-much-fixation-is-required
#11
Sanjay Rastogi, Sam Paul, Sumedha Kukreja, Karun Aggarwal, Rupshikha Choudhury, Amit Bhugra, Niranjana Prasad Indra B, Moazzam Jawaid
The aim of this simple nonrandomized and observational study was to evaluate the efficacy of single three-dimensional (3D) plate for the treatment of mandibular angle fractures without maxillomandibular fixation. A total of 30 patients with noncomminuted fractures of mandibular angle requiring open reduction and internal fixation were included in the study. All the patients were treated by open reduction and internal fixation using single 3D titanium locking miniplate placed with the help of transbuccal trocar or Synthes 90-degree hand piece and screw driver...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751941/did-king-philip-ii-of-ancient-macedonia-suffer-a-zygomatico-orbital-fracture-a-maxillofacial-surgeon-s-approach
#12
Panagiotis Stathopoulos
Philip II, father of Alexander the Great, succeeded his brother, Perdiccas III, to the throne of Macedonia in 360 BC. He has been described by historians as a generous king and military genius who managed to achieve his ambitious plans by expanding the Macedonian city-state over the whole Greek territory and the greater part of the Balkan Peninsula. The aim of our study was to present the evidence with regard to the facial injury of King Philip II of Macedonia and discuss the treatment of the wound by his famous physician, Critobulos...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751940/nasal-valve-reconstruction-using-a-titanium-implant-an-outcomes-study
#13
Neal D Goldman, Richard Alexander, Laura F Sandoval, Steven R Feldman
Septoplasty alone is not always sufficient to correct nasal obstruction. Various techniques have been employed to repair nasal valve collapse and improve airflow. This article aimed to evaluate outcomes and quality of life following nasal valve reconstruction using a titanium implant in patients with nasal valve collapse. This is a single-center retrospective study that consisted of a telephone questionnaire of 37 quality-of-life measures and questions related to the surgical procedure and recovery process to evaluate postsurgical outcomes...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751939/a-comparative-assessment-of-postoperative-analgesic-efficacy-of-lornoxicam-versus-tramadol-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-mandibular-fractures
#14
Ankesh Dilip Jain, Ravisankar Vsm, Siva Bharani Ksn, Sudheesh Km, Nisha Tewathia
Pain after any surgical procedure is inevitable but can be controlled by administration of analgesics in most cases. Postoperative pain after surgical treatment of mandibular fractures can be treated by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and opioid analgesics. The purpose of this study is to critically compare the postoperative analgesic efficacy of small doses of intravenous TRAMADOL (opioid analgesic) versus LORNOXICAM (NSAID) in patients with mandibular trauma undergoing open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and to assess the presence of any adverse effects due to NSAID or opioid use...
September 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603580/in-situ-splitting-of-a-rib-bone-graft-for-reconstruction-of-orbital-floor-and-medial-wall
#15
Tetsuji Uemura, Tetsu Yanai, Masato Yasuta, Yoshimi Harada, Aya Morikawa, Hidetaka Watanabe, Masato Kurokawa
In situ splitting of rib bone graft was conducted in 22 patients for the repair of orbital fracture with no other complicating fractures. A bone graft was harvested from the sixth or seventh rib in the right side. The repair of the orbital floor and medial wall was successful in all the cases. Ten patients had bone grafting to the orbital floor, eight had it done onto medial wall, and 4 onto both floor and wall after reduction. The mean length of in situ rib bone graft was 40.9 mm (range, 20-70 mm), the mean width of these was 14...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523092/management-of-a-life-threatening-bleeding-following-extraction-of-deciduous-second-molar-related-to-a-capillary-haemangioma
#16
REVIEW
Amr Amin Ghanem, Yasser Nabil El Hadidi
Various forms of vascular lesion affect the head and neck region. The head and neck vascular lesions are classified into neoplasms and malformations. Neoplasm presents either as hemangioma or lymphangioma; neoplasm usually presents in young age compared with vascular malformation. A 9-year-old female patient presented to the outpatient clinic referred from the department of pedodontics after extraction of a right mandibular second deciduous molar. Extraction was done by dental GP in outpatient clinic. Massive bleeding followed the extraction...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523091/basal-cell-adenoma-of-retromolar-region-from-minor-salivary-gland-origin-in-a-45-year-old-female-a-case-report
#17
Velavan Krishnan, Karthik Shunmugavelu, Jamila Rose, Kumaravel Subramaniam
Basal cell adenoma is a rare benign salivary gland neoplasm. The most common location is in parotid region. Clinically, gradual growth and firm consistency are seen. They account for 1 to 3% among all salivary gland neoplasms. Prominent basaloid cells with cluster of isomorphic cells and interspersed trabeculae are present histopathologically. In this article, we present a rare case of basal cell adenoma of retromolar region from minor salivary gland origin.
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523090/penetrating-craniomaxillofacial-injury-caused-by-a-pneumatic-nail-gun
#18
Kevin Jae Choi, Marisa Ann Ryan, Tracy Cheng, David Powers
Craniomaxillofacial injuries can be complex, requiring a multidisciplinary approach. The primary survey is always the first step in trauma management prior to proceeding with further evaluation and treatment. A 26-year-old man presented with a penetrating nail gun injury through the oral and nasal cavities. He did not present in extremis but required elective endotracheal intubation for intraoperative assessment and treatment. Airway management was enhanced by the use of lingual nerve and inferior alveolar nerve blocks via the Vazirani-Akinosi technique to maintain spontaneous respiration while the tongue was distracted from the palate...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523089/immediate-surgical-management-of-traumatic-dislocation-of-the-eye-globe-into-the-maxillary-sinus-report-of-a-rare-case-and-literature-review
#19
Samer Abduljabar Noman, Mostafa Ibrahim Shindy
We report a case of complete dislocation of the globe into the maxillary sinus, with immediate repositioning of the globe. This report highlights the importance of early surgical repair of orbital fracture and globe repositioning to regain the maximum amount of ocular functions. A review of literature found 19 cases of globe dislocation into the maxillary sinus: One case was enucleated 2 months after misdiagnosis as traumatic enucleation, six cases were documented no vision or no light perception, three cases did not have reported vision (patients did not survive), and nine cases with postoperative vision...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523088/treatment-of-a-large-traumatic-encephalocele-with-titanium-mesh
#20
Alan Motta do Canto, Manuela Monteiro Pinotti, Fernando Alves Maciel, Alexandre Bossi Todeschini, Guilherme Brasileiro Aguiar, Ronaldo Rodrigues de Freitas
Encephalocele is defined as protrusion of cranial contents beyond the normal confines of the skull. Although most encephalocele cases have a congenital etiology, fractures of the skull base can cause traumatic encephalocele. In most encephalocele cases, the bone defect presents reduced dimensions and the endoscopic treatment is generally performed to reconstruct the area using mucosal and/or fat grafts. This article sought to report on a rare case of traumatic encephalocele associated with an extensive defect of the anterior skull base...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
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