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Advances in Nutrition

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710150/reply-to-mm-graziose
#1
LETTER
Claire N Tugault-Lafleur, Jennifer L Black, Susan I Barr
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710149/on-the-accuracy-of-self-report-instruments-for-measuring-food-consumption-in-the-school-setting
#2
LETTER
Matthew M Graziose
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710148/energy-protein-carbohydrate-and-lipid-intakes-and-their-effects-on-morbidity-and-mortality-in-critically-ill-adult-patients-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Anna Patkova, Vera Joskova, Eduard Havel, Miroslav Kovarik, Monika Kucharova, Zdenek Zadak, Miloslav Hronek
The guidelines for nutritional support in critically ill adult patients differ in various aspects. The optimal amount of energy and nutritional substrates supplied is important for reducing morbidity and mortality, but unfortunately this is not well known, because the topic is complex and every patient is individual. The aim of this review was to gather recent pertinent information concerning the nutritional support of critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) with respect to the energy, protein, carbohydrate, and lipid intakes and the effect of their specific utilization on morbidity and mortality...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710147/dietary-guidelines-for-breast-cancer-patients-a-critical-review
#4
REVIEW
Ana Teresa Limon-Miro, Veronica Lopez-Teros, Humberto Astiazaran-Garcia
Current dietary guidelines for breast cancer patients (BCPs) fail to address adequate dietary intakes of macro- and micronutrients that may improve patients' nutritional status. This review includes information from the PubMed and Biomed Central databases over the last 15 y concerning dietary guidelines for BCPs and the potential impact of a personalized, nutrient-specific diet on patients' nutritional status during and after antineoplastic treatment. Results indicated that BCPs should receive a nutritional assessment immediately after diagnosis...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710146/current-evidence-on-associations-of-nutritional-factors-with-ovarian-reserve-and-timing-of-menopause-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Nazanin Moslehi, Parvin Mirmiran, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Fereidoun Azizi
Ovarian aging is thought to be influenced by environmental factors, including nutrition. The aim of this study was to systematically review current evidence on the associations between nutritional factors, ovarian reserve, and age at menopause. PubMed and Scopus were structurally searched until May 2016. Original studies, with either observational or interventional designs, that examined the associations of nutritional factors (serum or dietary nutrients, food groups, and/or dietary patterns) with different ovarian reserve markers and/or timing of menopause were considered eligible...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710145/a-systematic-review-of-the-effects-of-polyols-on-gastrointestinal-health-and-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Adrienne Lenhart, William D Chey
Polyols are sugar alcohols found in certain fruits, vegetables, and sugar-free sweeteners. They make up a component of the diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols, which is gaining popularity in the treatment of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effects of polyols on the gastrointestinal tract in healthy men and women and in patients with IBS. Utilizing PubMed, Ovid, and Embase databases, we conducted a search on individual polyols and each of these terms: fermentation, absorption, motility, permeability, and gastrointestinal symptoms...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710144/the-impact-of-the-mediterranean-diet-on-the-cognitive-functioning-of-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
David G Loughrey, Sara Lavecchia, Sabina Brennan, Brian A Lawlor, Michelle E Kelly
Evidence from epidemiologic studies suggests a relation between the Mediterranean diet (MeDi) and cognitive function, but results are inconsistent. Prior reviews have not provided pooled data from meta-analysis of longitudinal studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs), or they included younger adult participants. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the impact of the MeDi on the cognitive functioning of healthy older adults. Fifteen cohort studies with 41,492 participants and 2 RCTs with 309 and 162 participants in intervention and control groups, respectively, were included...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710143/interindividual-variability-in-biomarkers-of-cardiometabolic-health-after-consumption-of-major-plant-food-bioactive-compounds-and-the-determinants-involved
#8
REVIEW
Dragan Milenkovic, Christine Morand, Aedin Cassidy, Aleksandra Konic-Ristic, Francisco Tomás-Barberán, José M Ordovas, Paul Kroon, Raffaele De Caterina, Ana Rodriguez-Mateos
Cardiometabolic disease, comprising cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, and their associated risk factors including metabolic syndrome and obesity, is the leading cause of death worldwide. Plant foods are rich sources of different groups of bioactive compounds, which might not be essential throughout life but promote health and well-being by reducing the risk of age-related chronic diseases. However, heterogeneity in the responsiveness to bioactive compounds can obscure associations between their intakes and health outcomes, resulting in the hiding of health benefits for specific population groups and thereby limiting our knowledge of the exact role of the different bioactive compounds for health...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710142/perspective-neuroregenerative-nutrition
#9
Dennis A Steindler, Brent A Reynolds
Good health while aging depends upon optimal cellular and organ functioning that contribute to the regenerative ability of the body during the lifespan, especially when injuries and diseases occur. Although diet may help in the maintenance of cellular fitness during periods of stability or modest decline in the regenerative function of an organ, this approach is inadequate in an aged system, in which the ability to maintain homeostasis is further challenged by aging and the ensuing suboptimal functioning of the regenerative unit, tissue-specific stem cells...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710141/perspective-improving-nutritional-guidelines-for-sustainable-health-policies-current-status-and-perspectives
#10
Paolo Magni, Dennis M Bier, Sergio Pecorelli, Carlo Agostoni, Arne Astrup, Furio Brighenti, Robert Cook, Emanuela Folco, Luigi Fontana, Robert A Gibson, Ranieri Guerra, Gordon H Guyatt, John Pa Ioannidis, Ann S Jackson, David M Klurfeld, Maria Makrides, Basil Mathioudakis, Alessandro Monaco, Chirag J Patel, Giorgio Racagni, Holger J Schünemann, Raanan Shamir, Niv Zmora, Andrea Peracino
A large body of evidence supports the notion that incorrect or insufficient nutrition contributes to disease development. A pivotal goal is thus to understand what exactly is appropriate and what is inappropriate in food ingestion and the consequent nutritional status and health. The effective application of these concepts requires the translation of scientific information into practical approaches that have a tangible and measurable impact at both individual and population levels. The agenda for the future is expected to support available methodology in nutrition research to personalize guideline recommendations, properly grading the quality of the available evidence, promoting adherence to the well-established evidence hierarchy in nutrition, and enhancing strategies for appropriate vetting and transparent reporting that will solidify the recommendations for health promotion...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710140/perspective-a-definition-for-whole-grain-food-products-recommendations-from-the-healthgrain-forum
#11
Alastair B Ross, Jan-Willem van der Kamp, Roberto King, Kim-Anne Lê, Heddie Mejborn, Chris J Seal, Frank Thielecke
Whole grains are a key component of a healthy diet, and enabling consumers to easily choose foods with a high whole-grain content is an important step for better prevention of chronic disease. Several definitions exist for whole-grain foods, yet these do not account for the diversity of food products that contain cereals. With the goal of creating a relatively simple whole-grain food definition that aligns with whole-grain intake recommendations and can be applied across all product categories, the Healthgrain Forum, a not-for-profit consortium of academics and industry working with cereal foods, established a working group to gather input from academics and industry to develop guidance on labeling the whole-grain content of foods...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507018/erratum-for-rippe-and-angelopoulos-fructose-containing-sugars-and-cardiovascular-disease-adv-nutr-2015-6-430-9
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507017/erratum-for-rippe-the-metabolic-and-endocrine-response-and-health-implications-of-consuming-sugar-sweetened-beverages-findings-from-recent-randomized-controlled-trials-adv-nutr-2013-4-677-86
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507016/manganese
#14
Michael Aschner, Keith Erikson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507015/preserving-healthy-muscle-during-weight-loss
#15
REVIEW
Edda Cava, Nai Chien Yeat, Bettina Mittendorfer
Weight loss is the cornerstone of therapy for people with obesity because it can ameliorate or completely resolve the metabolic risk factors for diabetes, coronary artery disease, and obesity-associated cancers. The potential health benefits of diet-induced weight loss are thought to be compromised by the weight-loss-associated loss of lean body mass, which could increase the risk of sarcopenia (low muscle mass and impaired muscle function). The objective of this review is to provide an overview of what is known about weight-loss-induced muscle loss and its implications for overall physical function (e...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507014/associations-between-breastfeeding-and-maternal-responsiveness-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
Alison K Ventura
Recent recommendations and prevention programs have focused on the promotion of responsive feeding during infancy, but more research is needed to understand best practices for fostering responsive feeding during early life. The objective of this systematic review was to synthesize the accumulating bodies of evidence aimed at understanding associations between mothers' feeding experiences and responsive feeding in an attempt to clarify the nature of associations between feeding mode and responsive feeding. A literature search was conducted between January and October 2016; articles were collected from PsychINFO, Medline, and CINAHL, as well as from references in published research and reviews...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507013/mechanisms-of-action-of-probiotics-and-the-gastrointestinal-microbiota-on-gut-motility-and-constipation
#17
REVIEW
Eirini Dimidi, Stephanos Christodoulides, S Mark Scott, Kevin Whelan
Constipation is a common and burdensome gastrointestinal disorder that may result from altered gastrointestinal motility. The effect of probiotics on constipation has been increasingly investigated in both animal and human studies, showing promising results. However, there is still uncertainty regarding the mechanisms of action of probiotics on gut motility and constipation. Several factors are vital to normal gut motility, including immune and nervous system function, bile acid metabolism and mucus secretion, and the gastrointestinal microbiota and fermentation; an imbalance or dysfunction in any of these components may contribute to aberrant gut motility and, consequently, symptoms of constipation...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507012/dietary-factors-promoting-brown-and-beige-fat-development-and-thermogenesis
#18
REVIEW
Meshail Okla, Jiyoung Kim, Karsten Koehler, Soonkyu Chung
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a specialized fat tissue that has a high capacity to dissociate cellular respiration from ATP utilization, resulting in the release of stored energy as heat. Adult humans possess a substantial amount of BAT in the form of constitutively active brown fat or inducible beige fat. BAT activity in humans is inversely correlated with adiposity, blood glucose concentrations, and insulin sensitivity; this suggests that strategies aimed at BAT-mediated bioenergetics are an attractive therapeutic target in combating the continuing epidemic of obesity and diabetes...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507011/influence-of-diet-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
M José Bagur, M Antonia Murcia, Antonia M Jiménez-Monreal, Josep A Tur, M Mar Bibiloni, Gonzalo L Alonso, Magdalena Martínez-Tomé
Nutrition is considered to be a possible factor in the pathogenesis of the neurological disease multiple sclerosis (MS). Nutrition intervention studies suggest that diet may be considered as a complementary treatment to control the progression of the disease; a systematic review of the literature on the influence of diet on MS was therefore conducted. The literature search was conducted by using Medlars Online International Literature (MEDLINE) via PubMed and Scopus. Forty-seven articles met the inclusion criteria...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507010/a-systematic-review-of-application-and-effectiveness-of-mhealth-interventions-for-obesity-and-diabetes-treatment-and-self-management
#20
REVIEW
Youfa Wang, Hong Xue, Yaqi Huang, Lili Huang, Dongsong Zhang
The use of mobile and wireless technologies and wearable devices for improving health care processes and outcomes (mHealth) is promising for health promotion among patients with chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes. This study comprehensively examined published mHealth intervention studies for obesity and diabetes treatment and management to assess their effectiveness and provide recommendations for future research. We systematically searched PubMed for mHealth-related studies on diabetes and obesity treatment and management published during 2000-2016...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
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