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Drug Delivery and Translational Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639139/ex-vivo-permeation-of-erythropoietin-through-porcine-conjunctiva-cornea-and-sclera
#1
Ana Paula Resende, Beatriz Silva, Berta São Braz, Telmo Nunes, Lídia Gonçalves, Esmeralda Delgado
The aim of this study is to test the permeation of human recombinant erythropoietin (rHuEPO) across conjunctiva, cornea, and sclera in an ex vivo model. Thirty fresh pig eyes were collected from a slaughterhouse. Conjunctivas (n = 10), corneas (n = 10), and scleras (n = 10) were surgically dissected from surrounding tissues. Ocular membranes were placed into Franz diffusion cells and rHuEPO was administered into the donor phase of each cell, except for control samples. Samples were collected from the receptor phase at seven time points, from 30 min to 6 h of incubation...
June 21, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639138/veterinary-vaccine-nanotechnology-pulmonary-and-nasal-delivery-in-livestock-animals
#2
REVIEW
Daniella Calderon-Nieva, Kalhari Bandara Goonewardene, Susantha Gomis, Marianna Foldvari
Veterinary vaccine development has several similarities with human vaccine development to improve the overall health and well-being of species. However, veterinary goals lean more toward feasible large-scale administration methods and low cost to high benefit immunization. Since the respiratory mucosa is easily accessible and most infectious agents begin their infection cycle at the mucosa, immunization through the respiratory route has been a highly attractive vaccine delivery strategy against infectious diseases...
June 21, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612340/long-acting-systemic-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-an-examination-of-the-field
#3
REVIEW
William R Lykins, Ellen Luecke, Daniel Johengen, Ariane van der Straten, Tejal A Desai
Oral pre-exposure prophylaxis for the prevention of HIV-1 transmission (HIV PrEP) has been widely successful as demonstrated by a number of clinical trials. However, studies have also demonstrated the need for patients to tightly adhere to oral dosing regimens in order to maintain protective plasma and tissue concentrations. This is especially true for women, who experience less forgiveness from dose skipping than men in clinical trials of HIV PrEP. There is increasing interest in long-acting (LA), user-independent forms of HIV PrEP that could overcome this adherence challenge...
June 13, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600625/an-intravaginal-ring-that-releases-three-antiviral-agents-and-a-contraceptive-blocks-shiv-rt-infection-reduces-hsv-2-shedding-and-suppresses-hormonal-cycling-in-rhesus-macaques
#4
Nina Derby, Meropi Aravantinou, Jessica Kenney, Shweta R Ugaonkar, Asa Wesenberg, Jolanta Wilk, Larisa Kizima, Aixa Rodriguez, Shimin Zhang, Olga Mizenina, Keith Levendosky, Michael L Cooney, Samantha Seidor, Agegnehu Gettie, Brooke Grasperge, James Blanchard, Michael Piatak, Jeffrey D Lifson, José Fernández-Romero, Thomas M Zydowsky, Melissa Robbiani
Women globally need access to multipurpose prevention technologies (MPTs) that prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), sexually transmitted infections that increase HIV acquisition/transmission risk, and unintended pregnancy. Seeking an MPT with activity against HIV, herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2), and human papillomavirus (HPV), we developed a prototype intravaginal ring (IVR), the MZCL IVR, which released the antiviral agents MIV-150, zinc acetate, and carrageenan (MZC for short) and the contraceptive levonorgestrel (LNG)...
June 9, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597123/vaginal-drug-delivery-for-the-localised-treatment-of-cervical-cancer
#5
REVIEW
Ian Major, Christopher McConville
Cervical cancer is usually treated by surgery, with the more advanced cancers requiring adjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The location of the cervix makes it easily accessible through the vagina for the localised delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs. Localised delivery has the advantage of direct delivery to the site of action resulting in a lower dose having to be required and a reduction in systemic side effects. This approach would be advantageous for fertility sparing surgery, whereby localised delivery could be used to reduce tumour size allowing for a much smaller tumour to be removed, reducing the risk of preterm birth...
June 8, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597122/nanoparticle-in-gel-system-for-delivery-of-vitamin-c-for-topical-application
#6
Sanjukta Duarah, Ramya Devi Durai, VedhaHari B Narayanan
Hyperpigmentation is a dermal condition of melanocyte proliferation, induced by various factors like ultraviolet radiation producing reactive oxygen species, DNA damage, and apoptosis. The application of topical antioxidants through the different type of formulations can help to prevent oxidative damage to the skin. L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is a water-soluble compound and the most abundant antioxidant in human skin, but this vitamin is unstable and loses its potency with poor formulation strategies. Nanotechnology has been effectively used to promote stability and therapeutic activity of various drug molecules...
June 8, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589454/synthesis-physico-chemical-characterization-and-antioxidant-effect-of-pegylated-cerium-oxide-nanoparticles
#7
Yingfei Xue, Sricharani Rao Balmuri, Akhil Patel, Vinayak Sant, Shilpa Sant
Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CNPs) represent a promising class of antioxidant nanoparticles with potential therapeutic value. Due to the easily reversible oxidation states of cerium (Ce(3+) and Ce(4+)) at the nanoscale, CNPs scavenge excessive reactive oxygen and nitrogen species in a self-regenerative manner. In this study, we have demonstrated a simple method to functionalize shape-specific CNPs (i.e., rod- and cube-shaped) with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and studied the effect of PEGylation on the physico-chemical properties, antioxidant activity, and biocompatibility of rod- and cube-shaped CNPs...
June 6, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589453/bone-seeking-agents-for-the-treatment-of-bone-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Jacqueline Cawthray, Ellen Wasan, Kishor Wasan
The targeting and delivery of therapeutic and diagnostic agents to bone tissue presents both a challenge and opportunity. Osteoporosis, Paget's disease, cancer, and bone metastases are all skeletal diseases whose treatment would benefit from new targeted therapeutic strategies. Osteoporosis, in particular, is a very prevalent disease, affecting over one in three women and one in five men in Canada alone with the cost to the healthcare system estimated at over $2.3 billion in 2010. Bone tissue is often considered a rigid structure when in reality there is a process of continuous remodeling that takes place via complex endocrine-regulated cell signaling pathways in addition to the signaling pathways unique to bone tissue...
June 6, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589452/on-demand-microbicide-products-design-matters
#9
REVIEW
Sravan Kumar Patel, Lisa Cencia Rohan
Sexual intercourse (vaginal and anal) is the predominant mode of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission. Topical microbicides used in an on-demand format (i.e., immediately before or after sex) can be part of an effective tool kit utilized to prevent sexual transmission of HIV. The effectiveness of prevention products is positively correlated with adherence, which is likely to depend on user acceptability of the product. The development of an efficacious and acceptable product is therefore paramount for the success of an on-demand product...
June 6, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534130/tissue-distribution-and-dermal-drug-determination-of-indomethacin-transdermal-absorption-patches
#10
Jingjing Ma, Ying Gao, Yinghua Sun, Dawei Ding, Qi Zhang, Bingjun Sun, Menglin Wang, Jin Sun, Zhonggui He
The tissue distribution and percutaneous drug absorption of indomethacin (IND) patches were studied using commercial IND as a comparison. The concentration of IND in skin, plasma, and muscle in mice was measured by LC-MS/MS, and the IND concentration in the dermis of rats was also monitored by microdialysis. After percutaneous administration, the "double-peak" phenomenon occurred in different tissues, and the IND concentration was ranked as skin first, followed by plasma and then muscle. In particular, skin acted as a reservoir for drug release, and the "secondary hump" in tissue distribution was attributed to the subsequent release of lipophilic IND in skin...
May 22, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512690/translational-studies-on-a-ready-to-use-intramuscular-injection-of-penethamate-for-bovine-mastitis
#11
I G Tucker, R Jain, F Alawi, K Nanjan, O Bork
Bovine mastitis caused by bacterial infections of the mammary gland (udder) of dairy cows is a costly pathology for the dairy industry due to direct and indirect losses in production. Penethamate, a pro-drug of benzylpenicillin, is used by intramuscular injection (IM). The existing products are powders which must be reconstituted in water-for-injection and this presents difficulties in the field. Penethamate is too unstable to be formulated as an aqueous formulation but a chemically stable suspension formulation was possible in certain oils; however, some literature suggests that such formulations would have unacceptable prolonged release...
May 16, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508377/emulsion-versus-nanoemulsion-how-much-is-the-formulative-shift-critical-for-a-cosmetic-product
#12
Umberto M Musazzi, Silvia Franzè, Paola Minghetti, Antonella Casiraghi
The use of nanoemulsions in cosmetic products has been enlarged in the last decades because of several formulative advantages (e.g., the improved self-life stability, better texture properties). In addition, nanoemulsions seemed to improve the penetration of active ingredients through the human skin, comparing to conventional emulsion. In this contest, the risk of a higher systemic exposure of consumer to active ingredients, due to the ability of nanoemulsion to enhance permeation, results a critical attribute that should be evaluated for assuring the consumer safety...
May 15, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508376/in-vivo-and-qualitative-studies-investigating-the-translational-potential-of-microneedles-for-use-in-the-older-population
#13
Helen L Quinn, Carmel M Hughes, Ryan F Donnelly
Microneedles (MNs) are a novel transdermal drug delivery platform, rapidly progressing from a substantive evidence base, towards commercialisation. As part of this transition, it is important to consider the future use of MNs by older people in order to ensure optimal therapeutic outcomes for this unique and increasing population group. This paper, therefore, considers the use of MNs by those aged over 65 years, investigating insertion parameters in ageing skin, alongside the feasibility and acceptability of the technology...
May 15, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497376/application-of-electrospun-fibers-for-female-reproductive-health
#14
REVIEW
Anna K Blakney, Yonghou Jiang, Kim A Woodrow
Here, we present the current challenges in women's reproductive health and the current state-of-the-art treatment and prevention options for STI prevention, contraception, and treatment of infections. We discuss how the versatile platform of electrospun fibers can be applied to each challenge, and postulate at how these technologies could be improved. The void of approved electrospun fiber-based products yields the potential to apply this useful technology to a number of medical applications, many of which are relevant to women's reproductive health...
May 11, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462502/mechanistically-elucidating-the-in-vitro-safety-and-efficacy-of-a-novel-doxorubicin-derivative
#15
Samaa Alrushaid, Yunqi Zhao, Casey L Sayre, Zaid H Maayah, M Laird Forrest, Sanjeewa N Senadheera, Kevin Chaboyer, Hope D Anderson, Ayman O S El-Kadi, Neal M Davies
Doxorubicin is an effective anticancer drug; however, it is cardiotoxic and has poor oral bioavazilability. Quercetin is a plant-based flavonoid with inhibitory effects on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and CYP3A4 and also antioxidant properties. To mitigate these therapeutic barriers, DoxQ, a novel derivative of doxorubicin, was synthesized by conjugating quercetin to doxorubicin. The purpose of this study is to mechanistically elucidate the in vitro safety and efficacy of DoxQ. Drug release in vitro and cellular uptake by multidrug-resistant canine kidney (MDCK-MDR) cells were quantified by HPLC...
May 1, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462501/innovative-pharmaceutical-approaches-for-the-management-of-inner-ear-disorders
#16
REVIEW
Umberto M Musazzi, Silvia Franzé, Francesco Cilurzo
The sense of hearing is essential for permitting human beings to interact with the environment, and its dysfunctions can strongly impact on the quality of life. In this context, the cochlea plays a fundamental role in the transformation of the airborne sound waves into electrical signals, which can be processed by the brain. However, several diseases and external stimuli (e.g., noise, drugs) can damage the sensorineural structures of cochlea, inducing progressive hearing dysfunctions until deafness. In clinical practice, the current pharmacological approaches to treat cochlear diseases are based on the almost exclusive use of systemic steroids...
May 1, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462500/erratum-to-the-role-of-particle-size-of-glyburide-crystals-in-improving-its-oral-absorption
#17
Wenqian Yang, Yongjun Wang, Qiang Fu, Zhibin Guo, Bingjun Sun, Wen Liu, Yaxuan Liu, Simeng Mu, Mengran Guo, Jingru Li, Xiaohui Pu, Zhonggui He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462499/incorporation-of-lipolysis-in-monolayer-permeability-studies-of-lipid-based-oral-drug-delivery-systems
#18
Tanmoy Sadhukha, Buddhadev Layek, Swayam Prabha
Lipid-based drug delivery systems, a well-tolerated class of formulations, have been evaluated extensively to enhance the bioavailability of poorly soluble drugs. However, it has been difficult to predict the in vivo performance of lipid dosage forms based on conventional in vitro techniques such as cell monolayer permeability studies because of the complexity of the gastrointestinal processing of lipid formulations. In the current study, we explored the feasibility of coupling Caco-2 and Madin-Darby canine kidney monolayer permeability studies with lipolysis, a promising in vitro technique to evaluate lipid systems...
May 1, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444555/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-atomized-liquid-needle-free-transdermal-delivery-system
#19
Yi-Huei Huang, Chieh-Shen Hu, Yi-Jhen Ke, Chiao-Hsi Chiang, Po-Da Hong, Ming-Kung Yeh
Needle-free jet injections constitute a crucial method for drug delivery. A novel liquid drug delivery system has been proposed recently, in which pressure atomizes liquid before delivering that atomized liquid to the patient's body; however, the mechanism and efficiency of the system are unclear. This study explored the shot delivery pressure, penetration depth, and cumulative amount of permeation of this system. This system was used to deliver 0.5% (w/v) methylene blue to agarose phantoms at various shot delivery pressures...
April 25, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432657/in-vitro-assay-for-measuring-real-time-topotecan-release-from-liposomes-release-kinetics-and-cellular-internalization
#20
Roger Gilabert-Oriol, Lina Chernov, Malathi Anantha, Wieslawa H Dragowska, Marcel B Bally
Topotecan is a drug that is under investigation for the treatment of neuroblastoma and has been encapsulated into liposomes to improve its therapeutic efficacy. However, liposomal formulations still need to be optimized for drug retention and new techniques to measure drug release are required to better understand this process. Here, a novel in vitro method based on fluorescence de-quenching and an automated microscopy imaging platform were developed for monitoring, in real time, the release of topotecan from a liposomal formulation...
April 21, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
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