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Drug Delivery and Translational Research

Ummara Butt, Amr ElShaer, Lori A S Snyder, Athina Chaidemenou, Raid G Alany
Fatty acids (FAs) are used by many organisms as defence mechanism against virulent bacteria. The high safety profile and broad spectrum of activity make them potential alternatives to currently used topical antibiotics for the treatment of eye infections in neonates. The current study utilised a Design of Experiment approach to optimise the quantification of five fatty acids namely; lauric acid, tridecanoic acid, myristoleic acid, palmitoleic acid and α-linolenic acid. The significance of the influence of the experimental parameters such as volume of catalyst, volume of n-hexane, incubation temperature, incubation time and the number of extraction steps on derivatisation was established by statistical screening with a factorial approach...
October 20, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
I Bravo-Osuna, V Andrés-Guerrero, P Pastoriza Abal, I T Molina-Martínez, R Herrero-Vanrell
Efficient treatment of ocular diseases can be achieved thanks to the proper use of ophthalmic formulations based on emerging pharmaceutical approaches. Among them, microtechnology and nanotechnology strategies are of great interest in the development of novel drug delivery systems to be used for ocular therapy. The location of the target site in the eye as well as the ophthalmic disease will determine the route of administration (topical, intraocular, periocular, and suprachoroidal administration) and the most adequate device...
October 20, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Ilva D Rupenthal, Michael O'Rourke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Raghu Raj Singh Thakur, Ismaiel A Tekko, Farhan Al-Shammari, Ahlam A Ali, Helen McCarthy, Ryan F Donnelly
In this study, dissolving microneedles (MNs) were used to enhance ocular drug delivery of macromolecules. MNs were fabricated using polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) polymer of various molecular weights (MWs) containing three model molecules of increasing MW, namely fluorescein sodium and fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextrans (with MW of 70 k and 150 k Da). Arrays (3 × 3) of PVP MNs with conical shape measuring about 800 μm in height with a 300 μm base diameter, containing the model drugs, were fabricated and characterized for their fracture forces, insertion forces (in the sclera and cornea), depth of penetration (using OCT and confocal imaging), dissolution time and in vitro permeation...
October 5, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Carolin Thiele, Brigitta Loretz, Claus-Michael Lehr
Regioselective oxidation of water-soluble starch and conversion with alkyl diamines resulted in defined cationic starch derivatives. Those were assessed in their potential for polyplex formation, biocompatibility, and transfection efficacy. The new polymers have the advantage of being biodegradable, being not cytotoxic at rather high concentrations (LC50 > 400 μg/ml) for C2 substitution, and reach transfection efficiencies comparable to commercial transfection reagents. The polymer with the highest transfection efficacy is a C12 substituted polymer (degree of substitution = 30 %) at N/P 3...
October 3, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Venkata Ramana Malipeddi, Rajendra Awasthi, Daniela Dal Molim Ghisleni, Marina de Souza Braga, Irene Satiko Kikuchi, Terezinha de Jesus Andreoli Pinto, Kamal Dua
The present study aimed to develop matrix-type transdermal drug delivery system (TDDS) of metoprolol tartrate using polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). The transdermal films were evaluated for physical parameters, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis (FTIR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), in vitro drug release, in vitro skin permeability, skin irritation test and stability studies. The films were found to be tough, non-sticky, easily moldable and possess good tensile strength...
September 27, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Paul D Gavin, Mahmoud El-Tamimy, Hooi Hong Keah, Ben J Boyd
Transdermal drug delivery is a useful route of administration that avoids first-pass metabolism and more invasive delivery options. However, many drugs require enhancers to enable sufficient drug absorption to reach therapeutic effect. Alpha-tocopheryl phosphate (TP) and di-alpha-tocopheryl phosphate (T2P) are two phosphorylated forms of vitamin E which form tocopheryl phosphate mixture (TPM) when combined, and have been proposed to enhance the dermal and transdermal delivery of actives of interest. Here, we report the physicochemical characteristics and morphological properties of TPM formulations, including particle size, deformability and morphology, and its ability to facilitate the transport of carnosine, vitamin D3, CoEnzyme Q10 and caffeine into, and across, the skin...
September 26, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Seppo Rönkkö, Kati-Sisko Vellonen, Kristiina Järvinen, Elisa Toropainen, Arto Urtti
In vivo toxicity and absorption studies of topical ocular drugs are problematic, because these studies involve invasive tissue sampling and toxic effects in animal models. Therefore, different human corneal models ranging from simple monolayer cultures to three-dimensional models have been developed for toxicological prediction with in vitro models. Each system has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Use of non-corneal cells, inadequate characterization of gene-expression profiles, and accumulation of genomic aberrations in human corneal models are typical drawbacks that decrease their reliability and predictive power...
September 9, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
George R Dakwar, Kevin Braeckmans, Wim Ceelen, Stefaan C De Smedt, Katrien Remaut
Delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) is recently gaining tremendous attention for the treatment of ovarian cancer. The present study investigated the potential of different liposomal formulations composed of (2,3-dioleoyloxy-propyl)-trimethylammonium (DOTAP) and 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine (DOPE) encapsulating siRNA (hydration method) for their ability to knockdown luciferase (Luc) activity in human ovarian cancer SKOV-3 cells. Fluorescence single particle tracking (fSPT) and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) in human-undiluted ascites fluid obtained from a peritoneal carcinomatosis patient revealed that cationic hydra-lipoplexes (HYDRA-LPXs) and HYDRA-LPXs decorated with stable DSPE-PEG (DSPE HYDRA-LPXs) showed high stability during at least 24 h...
September 8, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Sanaul Mustafa, V Kusum Devi, Roopa S Pai
Moxifloxacin (MOX) is a Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA gyrase inhibitor. Due to its intense hydrophilicity, MOX is cleared from the body within 24 h and required for repetitive doses which may then result in hepatotoxicity and acquisition of MOX resistant-TB, related with its use. To overcome the aforementioned limitations, the current study aimed to develop PLGA nanoparticles (PLGA NPs), to act as an efficient carrier for controlled delivery of MOX. To achieve a substantial extension in blood circulation, a combined design, affixation of polyethylene glycol (PEG) to MOX-PLGA NPs and adsorption of water-soluble chitosan (WSC) (cationic deacetylated chitin) to particle surface, was rose for surface modification of NPs...
August 30, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Jyoti Verma, Jovita Kanoujia, Poonam Parashar, Chandra Bhusan Tripathi, Shubhini A Saraf
Microbial contamination in wounds leading to severe sepsis can be treated by silver-based antiseptics. However, frequent application of silver-based antiseptics, staining of skin, burning, and irritation at application site resulted to poor patient compliances. Thus, we formulated sericin- and chitosan-capped silver nanoparticle (S/C-SNP)-loaded hydrogel for accelerated wound healing and antimicrobial properties. The wound healing property of sericin, antibacterial nature of chitosan and silver, and mucoadhesive property of carbopol were utilized in development of novel wound dressing hydrogel to investigate the combined effect of these materials for effective treatment of wounds...
August 26, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Arunprasad Sivaraman, Ajay K Banga
Novel in situ forming hydrogel microneedles were evaluated for transdermal drug delivery using a biocompatible non-ionic triblock amphiphilic thermosensitive copolymer. The transition property of poloxamer from solution at room temperature to gel at skin temperature (32 °C) was utilized in preparation of in situ forming hydrogel microneedles. Methotrexate has been used to treat solid tumors, but because of its narrow safety margin, it requires sustained delivery within the therapeutic window. Formulations with and without poloxamer at different methotrexate concentrations were prepared and evaluated for drug permeation across skin using vertical Franz diffusion cell for 72 h...
August 25, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Jamie L Betker, Thomas J Anchordoquy
The relevance of using nude mouse models for evaluating drug delivery to human tumors has recently been questioned by numerous researchers. While the immune response is known to play a critical role in cancer, this study assesses the effect of using immunocompromised "nude" mice on drug delivery. By inoculating both nude and immunocompetent mice with a mouse mammary carcinoma cell line (4T1), differences in the "first pass effect", distribution, and reporter gene expression due to the use of the nude mouse model could be elucidated...
August 25, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Robert B Raffa, Robert Taylor, Joseph V Pergolizzi, Srinivas Nalamachu, Eric S Edwards, Evan T Edwards
The increased use of opioids for chronic treatment of pain and the resulting epidemic of opioid overdoses have created a major public health challenge. Parenteral naloxone has been used since the 1970's to treat opioid overdose. Recently, a novel naloxone auto-injector device (EVZIO, kaleo, Inc., Richmond, VA) was approved by the Food and Drug Administration. In this article, we review the Human Factors Engineering (HFE) process used in the development and testing of this novel naloxone auto-injector currently used in nonmedical settings for the emergency treatment of known or suspected opioid overdose...
August 25, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Stephen Lowe, Emanuele Sher, Graham Wishart, Kimberley Jackson, Eunice Yuen, Claire Brittain, Siew Chinn Fong, David O Clarke, William H Landschulz
Intranasally administered regular insulin and insulin aspart have shown cognitive benefit for patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). To support development of intranasally administered insulin analogs for AD, the central disposition of intranasal insulin lispro in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of healthy volunteers was investigated. Healthy volunteers (N = 8) received two sequential doses of intranasal insulin lispro (48 or 80 IU followed by 160 IU) by Aero Pump in an open-label, single-period study with serial CSF and serum sampling over 5 hours after each dose...
August 23, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Ding Wen Chen, Marianna Foldvari
The feasibility of a two-layer contact-independent 3D neuronal co-culture model to test the bioactivity of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), produced by non-virally transfected A7 astrocytes (trA7), on neurite growth in a second cell population of SH-SY5Y (CRL-2266) neuroblastoma cells with (oxSH-SY5Y) or without oxidative damage (SH-SY5Y) was evaluated. Transfection of A7 astrocytes was carried out with BDNF-encoding plasmid using K2® nanoparticle gene delivery system (K2-NPs). The physicochemical characteristics of K2-NPs, transfection efficiency, and BDNF production were evaluated using dynamic light scattering, flow cytometry, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively...
August 22, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Matthias Schweinlin, Angela Rossi, Nina Lodes, Christian Lotz, Stephan Hackenberg, Maria Steinke, Heike Walles, Florian Groeber
In vitro test systems gain increasing importance in preclinical studies to increase the predictivity and reduce animal testing. Of special interest herein are barrier tissues that guard into the human body. These barriers are formed by highly specialized tissues such as the skin, the airways, and the intestine. However, to recapitulate these tissues, researchers are currently restricted by a lack of suitable supporting scaffolds. In this study, we present biological scaffolds based on decellularized porcine gut segments that offer a natural environment for cell growth and differentiation...
August 22, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Otto K Kari, Tatu Rojalin, Stefano Salmaso, Michela Barattin, Hanna Jarva, Seppo Meri, Marjo Yliperttula, Tapani Viitala, Arto Urtti
When nanocarriers are administered into the blood circulation, a complex biomolecular layer known as the "protein corona" associates with their surface. Although the drivers of corona formation are not known, it is widely accepted that this layer mediates biological interactions of the nanocarrier with its surroundings. Label-free optical methods can be used to study protein corona formation without interfering with its dynamics. We demonstrate the proof-of-concept for a multi-parametric surface plasmon resonance (MP-SPR) technique in monitoring the formation of a protein corona on surface-immobilized liposomes subjected to flowing 100 % human serum...
August 4, 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Seong-Jin Kim, Ju-Hyung Shin, Jin-Yong Noh, Chang-Seon Song, Yeu-Chun Kim
This study focused on the development of novel coating formulations for stainless steel microneedles against influenza A virus. With in vitro studies, various viscosity enhancers and stabilizers were screened based on the hemagglutination activity of the vaccine, which was coated and dried onto a stainless steel chip at room temperature for 1 day. Following the long-term storage test, the hemagglutination activity and particle size of the vaccine, which was formulated with conventional or methylcellulose or hydroxyethyl cellulose and dried onto the microneedle, were monitored...
October 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
A G Mirani, S P Patankar, V J Kadam
The research envisioned was the development of diltiazem hydrochloride effervescent floating matrix tablet using a risk-based approach. Preliminarily, the in vitro drug release profile was derived which theoretically simulated the in vivo condition after oral administration. Considering this as a rationale, the formulation development was initiated with defining the quality target product profile (QTPP) and critical quality attributes (CQAs). The preliminary studies were conducted to screen material attributes and process parameters followed by their risk assessment studies to select the plausible factors affecting the drug product CQAs, i...
October 2016: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
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