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Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344829/rapid-acting-and-regular-insulin-are-equal-for-high-fat-protein-meal-in-individuals-with-type-1-diabetes-treated-with-multiple-daily-injections
#1
Karolina Jabłońska, Piotr Molęda, Krzysztof Safranow, Lilianna Majkowska
INTRODUCTION: The fat and protein content can impact late postprandial glycemia; therefore, prolonged insulin boluses for high-fat/-protein meals are recommended for patients with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump therapy. It is not clear how to translate these findings to multiple daily injection (MDI) therapy. We hypothesized that regular insulin with a slower onset and a longer duration of action might be advantageous for such meals. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with well-controlled type 1 diabetes (mean HbA1c 6...
January 17, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335891/serum-bilirubin-concentration-is-associated-with-left-ventricular-remodeling-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-cohort-study
#2
Tomoaki Inoue, Noriyuki Sonoda, Shinsuke Hiramatsu, Shinichiro Kimura, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Toyoshi Inoguchi
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that serum bilirubin concentration is inversely associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease. The relationship between serum bilirubin concentration and left ventricular geometry, however, has not been investigated in patients with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: In this cohort study, 158 asymptomatic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without overt heart disease were enrolled. Left ventricular structure and function were assessed using echocardiography...
January 15, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335890/effectiveness-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitor-as-an-add-on-drug-to-glp-1-receptor-agonists-for-glycemic-control-of-a-patient-with-prader-willi-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
Yukio Horikawa, Mayumi Enya, Makie Komagata, Ken-Ichi Hashimoto, Masayo Kagami, Maki Fukami, Jun Takeda
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) are obese because of hyperphagia; weight control by dietary modification and medicine is required for glycemic control. There are several recent reports showing the effectiveness of GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) for diabetes treatment in PWS. CASE REPORT: A 36-year-old Japanese male patient was diagnosed with PWS at 10 years of age. At age 16 years, he was diagnosed with diabetes and began to take several kinds of oral hypoglycemic agents...
January 15, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330813/characteristics-of-elderly-patients-initiating-sitagliptin-or-non-dpp-4-inhibitor-oral-antihyperglycemic-agents-analysis-of-a-cross-sectional-us-claims-database
#4
Tongtong Wang, Ann Marie McNeill, Yong Chen, Edward A O'Neill, Samuel S Engel
INTRODUCTION: Previous analyses concluded that patients initiating treatment with sitagliptin are older and have more comorbidities than patients initiating treatment with other oral antihyperglycemic agents (OAHAs). However, these studies focused on the general population or subjects ≤ 65 years of age. We sought to compare differences in baseline characteristics of elderly patients (≥ 65 years of age) with T2DM initiating sitagliptin vs. non-DPP-4 inhibitor (non-DPP-4i) OAHA in the MarketScan® Medicare Supplemental Database...
January 12, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330812/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-alogliptin-on-tissue-characteristics-of-the-carotid-wall-subanalysis-of-the-spead-a-trial
#5
Yoko Irie, Naoto Katakami, Tomoya Mita, Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Taka-Aki Matsuoka, Masahiko Gosho, Hirotaka Watada, Iichiro Shimomura
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasonic tissue characterization of the carotid wall using gray-scale median (GSM) reflects its composition and low-GSM plaque is considered to be unstable. The present study evaluated the effect of alogliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, on the longitudinal change in GSM, an index of the tissue characteristics of the carotid wall, in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: This is a post hoc subanalysis using data obtained from the SPEAD-A trial, a randomized controlled trial that demonstrated the beneficial effect of alogliptin treatment on the progression of carotid intima-media thickness in patients with T2DM with no past history of apparent cardiovascular disease...
January 12, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327220/patient-perceptions-and-preferences-for-a-mealtime-insulin-delivery-patch
#6
Mark Peyrot, Darlene Dreon, Vivien Zraick, Brett Cross, Meng H Tan
INTRODUCTION: A basal-bolus insulin regimen is needed to achieve glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) below 7.0% in people with type 1 (T1D) or type 2 (T2D) diabetes who have significant loss of beta-cell function. Nonadherence to therapy is common and negatively affects the ability to reach treatment goals. We examined patient assessment of a new, wearable mealtime insulin-delivery system (patch) relative to their current mealtime insulin-delivery system (syringe, pen, or pump). The patch is designed to deliver only boluses of fast-acting insulin (no basal insulin), mechanically controlled by the patient...
January 11, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322486/dapagliflozin-and-empagliflozin-ameliorate-hepatic-dysfunction-among-chinese-subjects-with-diabetes-in-part-through-glycemic-improvement-a-single-center-retrospective-observational-study
#7
Paul Chi Ho Lee, Yunjuan Gu, Man Yi Yeung, Carol Ho Yi Fong, Yu Cho Woo, Wing Sun Chow, Kathryn Tan, Karen Siu Ling Lam
INTRODUCTION: Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) improve hepatic dysfunction, although studies focusing on their underlying mechanisms are lacking, especially ones on dapagliflozin and empagliflozin. Here, we investigated the relationship between amelioration of hepatic dysfunction and improvement in various metabolic parameters among Chinese subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). METHODS: This was a single-center, retrospective, observational study that involved 115 Chinese participants with T2DM treated with either dapagliflozin or empagliflozin for at least 6 months between July 2016 and February 2017...
January 10, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322485/effects-of-ipragliflozin-on-postprandial-glucose-metabolism-and-gut-peptides-in-type-2-diabetes-a-pilot-study
#8
Hiroaki Ueno, Hiroko Nakazato, Emi Ebihara, Kenji Noma, Takahisa Kawano, Kazuhiro Nagamine, Hideyuki Sakoda, Masamitsu Nakazato
INTRODUCTION: Ipragliflozin is a novel antidiabetic drug that inhibits renal tubular sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ipragliflozin on glucose, insulin, glucagon, and gastrointestinal peptide responses to a meal tolerance test, as well as to investigate the glucose-lowering mechanisms of ipragliflozin. METHODS: Nine Japanese patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus were treated with ipragliflozin (50 mg/day) for 12 weeks...
January 10, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318537/glucose-control-and-weight-change-associated-with-treatment-with-exenatide-compared-with-basal-insulin-a%C3%A2-retrospective-study
#9
Christopher Ll Morgan, Qing Qiao, Susan Grandy, Kristina Johnsson, Sara Jenkins-Jones, Sarah Holden, Craig J Currie
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to compare glycemic and weight change outcomes for type 2 diabetes patients treated with either exenatide once-weekly (EQW) or exenatide twice-daily (EBID) with those patients treated with basal insulin (BI). METHODS: Retrospective data (2010-2014) were extracted from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, a UK primary care database. Patients previously naïve to injectable therapy initiating EQW, EBID, or BI were extracted and matched by propensity score within two analyses (EQW vs BI and EBID vs BI)...
January 9, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313282/ertugliflozin-and-sitagliptin-co-initiation-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-the-vertis-sita-randomized-study
#10
Sam Miller, Tania Krumins, Haojin Zhou, Susan Huyck, Jeremy Johnson, Gregory Golm, Steven G Terra, James P Mancuso, Samuel S Engel, Brett Lauring
INTRODUCTION: Ertugliflozin is an oral sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor that is being developed to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study assessed the efficacy and safety of co-initiation of ertugliflozin and sitagliptin compared with placebo in patients with T2DM inadequately controlled on diet and exercise. METHODS: In this phase III, randomized, double-blind, multicenter, placebo-controlled 26-week study (NCT02226003), patients with T2DM and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) 8...
January 8, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305791/utility-and-limitations-of-glycated-hemoglobin-hba1c-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis-as-compared-with-oral-glucose-tolerance-test-for-diagnosis-of-diabetes
#11
Tejasav Sehrawat, Anuraag Jindal, Paaras Kohli, Amit Thour, Jasbinder Kaur, Atul Sachdev, Yashdeep Gupta
INTRODUCTION: To study the utility of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of diabetes in patients with cirrhosis as compared to the gold standard oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and to see the effect of anemia and severity of cirrhosis on its performance. METHODS: Individuals (n = 100) with an established diagnosis of liver cirrhosis were recruited. The OGTT was performed as described by the World Health Organization (WHO). The severity of cirrhosis was calculated using the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score...
January 5, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302934/a-class-comparison-of-medication-persistence-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-retrospective-observational-study
#12
Andrew McGovern, William Hinton, Silvio Calderara, Neil Munro, Martin Whyte, Simon de Lusignan
INTRODUCTION: Longer medication persistence in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with improved glycaemic control. It is not clear which oral therapies have the best persistence. The objective of this study was to compare medication persistence across different oral therapies in people with T2D. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis using a primary-care-based population, the Royal College of General Practitioners Research and Surveillance Centre cohort...
January 4, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302933/assessing-the-effect-of-piperacillin-tazobactam-on-hematological-parameters-in-patients-admitted-with-moderate-or-severe-foot-infections
#13
Will Fry, Sean McCafferty, Catherine Gooday, Ian Nunney, Ketan K Dhatariya
INTRODUCTION: Piperacillin/tazobactam is a commonly used antibiotic for the empirical treatment of severe diabetic foot infections. One of the most feared complications of this drug is the development of pancytopenia. The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of piperacillin/tazobactam caused any hematological changes in patients admitted with severe diabetes-related foot infections from a specialist multidisciplinary foot clinic. Specifically, looking at whether it caused anemia, leukopenia, neutropenia, or thrombocytopenia...
January 4, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302932/hba1c-is-positively-associated-with-serum-carcinoembryonic-antigen-cea-in-patients-with-diabetes-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Jun Lu, Hongtao Wang, Xueli Zhang, Xuemei Yu
INTRODUCTION: To explore the influence of glycemic levels on the serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels in patients with diabetes. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. Patients with diabetes aged 18-75 years old were recruited. Those patients with carcinoma, abnormal renal function (serum creatinine ≥ 115 μmol/l), and abnormal hepatic function (serum alanine aminotransferase ≥ 97.5 U/l) were excluded in this study. Blood samples were obtained from every patient after an overnight fasting, and CEA was determined using a chemiluminescent particle immunoassay...
January 4, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302931/author-correction-hospital-admissions-due-to-dysglycaemia-and-prescriptions-of-antidiabetic-medications-in-england-and-wales-an-ecological-study
#15
Abdallah Y Naser, Qian Wang, Lisa Y L Wong, Jenni Ilomaki, J Simon Bell, Gang Fang, Ian C K Wong, Li Wei
In the original publication, the fifth author's name was incorrectly published as Simon J. Bell. The correct name should read as 'J. Simon Bell'.
January 4, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282633/ertugliflozin-compared-with-glimepiride-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-inadequately-controlled-on-metformin-the-vertis-su-randomized-study
#16
Priscilla Hollander, Jie Liu, Julie Hill, Jeremy Johnson, Zhi Wei Jiang, Gregory Golm, Susan Huyck, Steven G Terra, James P Mancuso, Samuel S Engel, Brett Lauring
INTRODUCTION: This study assessed the safety and efficacy of ertugliflozin (an oral sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor) vs. glimepiride in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) inadequately controlled on metformin. METHODS: This phase III, double-blind, non-inferiority study (NCT01999218) randomized patients with HbA1c ≥ 7.0% and ≤ 9.0% on stable metformin ≥ 1500 mg/day 1:1:1 to ertugliflozin 15 or 5 mg once-daily (QD), or glimepiride (titrated from 1 mg QD)...
December 27, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264713/subgroup-analysis-stratified-by-baseline-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-function-in-a-japanese-study-of-dulaglutide-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Noriyuki Iwamoto, Akiko Matsui, Hirotaka Kazama, Tomonori Oura
INTRODUCTION: This analysis investigated the relationship between baseline fasting pancreatic β-cell function and efficacy in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) treated with once-weekly dulaglutide 0.75 mg (dulaglutide) or once-daily liraglutide 0.9 mg (liraglutide) for up to 52 weeks. METHODS: In a 52-week study of monotherapy in Japanese patients with T2D, patients were categorized into three subgroups defined by tertiles (low, medium, and high) of baseline values of three pancreatic β-cell function parameters [fasting C-peptide, C-peptide index, and secretory units of islets in transplantation (SUIT) index]...
December 20, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29264712/ethnic-differences-in-efficacy-and-safety-of-alogliptin-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Yuli Cai, Tianshu Zeng, Zhongyuan Wen, Lulu Chen
INTRODUCTION: Alogliptin is a highly selective, potent, and orally available dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor. This study compared the glucose-lowering efficacy and safety of alogliptin between Asian and non-Asian patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and ISI Web of Science databases for articles published June 2017 and earlier in English. We identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of adults with type 2 diabetes that compared alogliptin with placebo as either monotherapy or add-on therapy...
December 20, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260460/rationale-and-design-for-the-j-discover-study-discovering-the-treatment-reality-of-type-2-diabetes-in-a-real-world-setting-in-japan-a-protocol
#19
Naoto Katakami, Tomoya Mita, Mitsuyoshi Takahara, Kiyoshi Hashigami, Masaru Kawashima, Iichiro Shimomura, Hirotaka Watada
INTRODUCTION: It is estimated that 642 million adults worldwide will have diabetes by 2040, with 80-90% of these having type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). While many new antidiabetic agents have been introduced in recent years, approximately 40% of T2DM patients still fail to achieve the recommended target HbA1c of < 7.0%. Furthermore, many patients with T2DM in Japan are treated by practitioners other than diabetes specialists; therefore, the exact treatment patterns of T2DM in Japan are difficult to quantify...
December 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260459/hospital-admissions-due-to-dysglycaemia-and-prescriptions-of-antidiabetic-medications-in-england-and-wales-an-ecological-study
#20
Abdallah Y Naser, Qian Wang, Lisa Y L Wong, Jenni Ilomaki, Simon J Bell, Gang Fang, Ian C K Wong, Li Wei
INTRODUCTION: Hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia are common adverse events associated with antidiabetic medications. They are also a common cause of hospital admissions for people with diabetes. The objective of the study was to explore the trends in hospital admissions due to hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia and in the prescriptions of antidiabetic medications in England and Wales. METHODS: We conducted an observational study during the period 1999-2016. Hospital admission data for patients from all age groups were extracted from the Hospital Episode Statistics database in England and the Patient Episode Database for Wales...
December 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
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