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Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332012/classical-adiponectin-leptin-resistin-and-new-chemerin-vaspin-omentin-adipocytokines-in-patients-with-prediabetes
#1
Antoaneta Gateva, Yavor Assyov, Adelina Tsakova, Zdravko Kamenov
Background In the last decade, there has been an increased interest toward fat tissue as an endocrine organ that secretes many cytokines and bioactive mediators that play a role in insulin sensitivity, inflammation, coagulation and the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate classical (adiponectin, leptin, resistin) and new (chemerin, vaspin, omentin) adipocytokine levels in subjects with prediabetes [impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and/or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)] and obese subjects with normoglycemia...
January 15, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320364/cardiometabolic-effects-of-psychotropic-medications
#2
REVIEW
Oluchi Abosi, Sneha Lopes, Samantha Schmitz, Jess G Fiedorowicz
Background Many psychiatric disorders including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and major depression convey an excess burden of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The medications used to treat these conditions may further adversely affect cardiovascular risk and exacerbate health disparities for vulnerable populations. There is a clinical need to appreciate the cardiometabolic adverse effects of psychotropic medications. Methods This paper reviews the most relevant cardiometabolic effects of psychotropic medications, organized around the components of metabolic syndrome...
January 10, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281611/association-of-of-il-1-receptor-antagonist-il-1rn-and-interleukin-1%C3%AE-genes-il-1%C3%AE-polymorphisms-with-recurrent-pregnancy-loss-in-iranian-azeri-women
#3
Seyyed Ali Rahmani, Zeynab Paknejad, Masoumeh Mohammadkhanlou, Marina Daneshparvar
Objective One of the most important problems in human reproduction is recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). RPL is defined as three or more consecutive abortions in the first trimester of pregnancy. The association between the polymorphisms in the immunological factors and RPL was investigated. The aim of our study was to determine the association of interleukin receptor antagonist (IL-IRN) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) polymorphisms with RPL in Iranian Azeri women. Materials and methods The study participants consisted of 100 women with RPL of Iranian Azeri origin...
December 27, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261514/association-of-prothrombotic-adipokine-plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1-with-tsh-in-metabolic-syndrome-a-case-control-study
#4
Ashok Kumar Ahirwar, Archana Singh, Anju Jain, Kirti Kaim, Shilpa Bhardwaj, Surajeet Kumar Patra, Binita Goswami, M K Bhatnagar, Jayashree Bhattacharjee
Background Metabolic syndrome (MetS) involves a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors, including abnormal lipids, insulin resistance and hypertension. The aim of the present study is to investigate associations between thyroid profile and the pro-thrombotic mediator, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), in MetS and identify associated biochemical markers. Materials and methods The present study was a case control study and consisted of 50 diagnosed cases of MetS and 50 healthy volunteers as controls...
December 20, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222935/risk-factors-for-positive-resection-margins-of-breast-cancer-tumorectomy-specimen-following-breast-conserving-surgery
#5
Niko Heiss, Valentin Rousson, Assia Ifticene-Treboux, Hans-Anton Lehr, Jean-François Delaloye
Background The aim of the study was to identify risk factors for positive surgical margins in breast-conserving surgery for breast cancer and to evaluate the influence of surgical experience in obtaining complete resection. Methods All lumpectomies for invasive breast carcinoma and ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) between April 2008 and March 2010 were selected from the database of a single institution. Re-excision rates for positive margins as well as patient and histopathologic tumor characteristics were analyzed...
December 9, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182513/both-hypothyroidism-and-hyperthyroidism-increase-plasma-irisin-levels-in-rats
#6
Emine Atici, Rasim Mogulkoc, Abdulkerim Kasim Baltaci, Esma Menevse
Background A recently discovered hormone, irisin is accepted to be significantly involved in the regulation of body weight. Thyroid functions may be, directly or indirectly, associated with irisin. Aim The aim of the present study is to determine the effect of experimental thyroid dysfunction on irisin levels in rats. Methods The study registered 40 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats, which were allocated to groups as follows: 1. Control; 2. Hypothyroidism induced by injection of 10 mg/kg/day intraperitoneal propylthiouracil (PTU) for 3 weeks; 3...
November 28, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127760/preoperative-breast-mri-examination-for-all-patients-with-histologically-proven-breast-cancer-a-concept-for-a-prospective-multicenter-trial
#7
Christina Kaiser, Christina Kehrer, Mignon-Denise Keyver-Paik, Thomas Hecking, Tiyasha Hosne Ayub, Claudia Leutner, Hans Schild, Walther Kuhn
Background A published retrospective data of our study group demonstrated that premenopausal women, patients with lobular invasive breast cancer or patients with high breast density [American College of Radiology (ACR) classification 3+4] significantly benefit from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) leading to additional detection of malignant foci of 20.2% in the index and 2.5% in the contralateral breast, which would otherwise not be detected by routine imaging. Critics of preoperative MRI focus on higher false-positive rates leading to unnecessary surgical procedures and mastectomies...
November 11, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087956/the-impact-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-on-bone-mass-density-a-prospective-case-control-study
#8
Eleni Alhazidou, Vasilios Pergialiotis, Periklis Panagopoulos, Charalampos Chrelias, Erifili Hatziagelaki, Nikolaos Papantoniou, Eftihios Trakakis
Background Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) during the perimenopausal period and in menopause have been linked to altered bone mass density (BMD) in various experimental studies. However, current clinical studies provide conflicting results in this field. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate this association. Materials and methods We conducted a prospective case control study that was based on a consecutive series of menopausal women who attended the Reproductive Endocrinology Outpatient Clinic of our hospital between January 2013 and December 2016...
October 31, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087955/tumor-linked-her2-expression-association-with-obesity-and-lipid-related-microenvironment
#9
REVIEW
Amitabha Ray
Obesity is associated with the risk of several health disorders including certain cancers. Among obesity-related cancers, postmenopausal breast carcinoma is a well-studied one. Apart from an increase in certain types of lipids in obesity, excess adipose tissue releases many hormone-like cytokines/adipokines, which are usually pro-inflammatory in nature. Leptin is one of such adipokines and significantly linked with the intracellular signaling pathways of other growth factors such as insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)...
October 31, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252195/interest-of-systematic-tomosynthesis-3d-mammography-with-synthetic-2d-mammography-in-breast-cancer-screening
#10
REVIEW
Mathieu Liberatore, Jean-Michel Cucchi, Martine Fighiera, Anne Binet, Marie Christine Missana, Philippe Brunner, Michel Yves Mourou, Antoine Iannessi
Full field digital mammography (FFDM) is the current pillar of breast cancer screening program. However, the emerging technique digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) has demonstrated a significant increase in the sensibility of cancer detection in several large cohort trials. DBT is particularly helpful for young patients, dense breasts and soft masses due to its ability to reduce overlapping of tissue. In such a population of women, radiologists are more confident and the recall rates are reduced together with a higher positive predictive value...
December 16, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29252194/preventing-overdiagnosis-in-mammography-screening-a-public-health-perspective
#11
Hans Concin, Gabriele Nagel
Prevention and management of breast cancer in order to provide high quality health care is an important public health issue. The existence of overdiagnosis for breast-cancer was controversial for a long time but is now broadly accepted. Overdiagnosis is defined as the diagnosis of "disease" that will never cause symptoms or death during a patient's ordinarily expected lifetime. Estimates of the overdiagnosis rate for breast cancer range up to 54% of screen-detected localized tumors. New approaches, such as the identification of high risk groups or primary prevention approaches could be more relevant from the public health perspective...
December 16, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190211/identification-and-management-of-familial-breast-cancer-in-austria
#12
REVIEW
Christian F Singer, Yen Y Tan, Christine Rappaport
Aim The aim of this study is to review the legal implications, the technology, the indications and the management of women with a familial background of breast and/or ovarian cancer. Methods We have reviewed the literature and national Austrian guidelines to describe the uptake of genetic counseling and the management options offered in Austria. Results Genetic testing for the BRCA1 and 2 mutations is free and readily available through a nation-wide program. Increased awareness and the availability of screening programs and prophylactic surgery have resulted in a profound increase in genetic counseling and testing in women with a familial background of breast and ovarian cancer in Austria...
November 30, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949928/second-messenger-signaling-mechanisms-of-the-brown-adipocyte-thermogenic-program-an-integrative-perspective
#13
REVIEW
Fubiao Shi, Sheila Collins
β-adrenergic receptors (βARs) are well established for conveying the signal from catecholamines to adipocytes. Acting through the second messenger cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) they stimulate lipolysis and also increase the activity of brown adipocytes and the 'browning' of adipocytes within white fat depots (so-called 'brite' or 'beige' adipocytes). Brown adipose tissue mitochondria are enriched with uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), which is a regulated proton channel that allows the dissipation of chemical energy in the form of heat...
September 26, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942436/the-color-of-fat-and-its-central-role-in-the-development-and-progression-of-metabolic-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Melania Gaggini, Fabrizia Carli, Amalia Gastaldelli
Excess caloric intake does not always translate to an expansion of the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and increase in fat mass. It is now recognized that adipocyte type (white, WAT, or brown, BAT), size (large vs. small) and metabolism are important factors for the development of cardiometabolic diseases. When the subcutaneous adipose tissue is not able to expand in response to increased energy intake the excess substrate is stored as visceral adipose tissue or as ectopic fat in tissues as muscle, liver and pancreas...
September 25, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937964/breast-cancer-an-update-in-the-management
#15
EDITORIAL
René A Druckmann, Adolf E Schindler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937963/ki67-and-lymphocytes-in-the-pretherapeutic-core-biopsy-of-primary-invasive-breast-cancer-positive-markers-of-therapy-response-prediction-and-superior-survival
#16
REVIEW
Claus M Schlotter, Lothar Tietze, Ulf Vogt, Carlos Villena Heinsen, Antje Hahn
Background Core needle biopsy plays a crucial role as diagnostic tool for BC. Both Ki67 and likely tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in the near future are determining the kind of systemic therapy. The role of TILs in BC is still an issue for clinical research, albeit preliminary results of neoadjuvant and adjuvant clinical studies already now highlight the crucial impact of TILs on therapy response and survival. Methods Evaluation of related publications (pubmed) and meeting abstracts (ASCO, SABCS). Results The monoclonal antibody Ki67 recognizing a nuclear antigene in proliferating cells is a positive marker of therapy response and superior survival...
September 22, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930626/pilot-study-whole-body-manual-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-sat-therapy-improved-pain-and-sat-structure-in-women-with-lipedema
#17
Karen L Herbst, Christopher Ussery, Alyna Eekema
Background Lipedema is a common painful subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) disorder in women affecting the limbs. SAT therapy is a manual therapy to improve soft tissue quality. Objective Determine if SAT therapy improves pain and structure of lipedema SAT. Design Single arm prospective pilot study. Setting Academic medical center. Patients Seven women, 46 ± 5 years, weight 90 ± 19 kg, with lipedema. Intervention Twelve 90-min SAT therapy sessions over 4 weeks. Outcomes Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scans, SAT ultrasound (Vevo 2100), leg volumetrics, skin caliper assessment, tissue exam, weight, resting metabolic rate, pain assessment, lower extremity functional scale (LEFS) and body shape questionnaire (BSQ) at baseline and end of study...
September 20, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930625/ectopic-adrenal-tissue-associated-with-borderline-mucinous-cystadenoma-of-ovary-a-case-report-with-review-of-the-literature
#18
Kah Teik Chew, Muhammad Azrai Abu, Yulianty Arifuddin, Nor Azlin Mohamed Ismail, Noor Ain Mohd Nasir, Fazarina Mohammed, Abdul Ghani Nur Azurah
Ectopic adrenal tissue in the ovary is a rare entity. We reported a case of ectopic adrenal tissue in borderline mucinous cystadenoma of the left ovary. A 22 year-old student presented with progressive abdomen distension associated with discomfort for 3 months. Imaging investigation was suggestive of mucinous left ovarian cyst. Left salpingo-oophorectomy was performed and the histopathology revealed borderline mucinous cystadenoma with an incidental finding of ectopic adrenal tissue. This is an interesting case because of its rarity and potential risk of neoplasm changes...
September 20, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888087/modulation-of-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-follistatin-signaling-and-white-adipose-browning-therapeutic-implications-for-obesity-related-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Shehla Pervin, Vineeta Singh, Alexandria Tucker, Javier Collazo, Rajan Singh
Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of diabetes, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease and other related metabolic conditions. Obesity develops from perturbations in overall cellular bioenergetics when energy intake chronically exceeds total energy expenditure. Lifestyle interventions based on reducing total energy uptake and increasing activities including exercise have proved ineffective in the prevention and treatment of obesity because of poor adherence to such interventions for an extended period of time...
September 9, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877032/bowel-endometriosis-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge
#20
Beng Kwang Ng, Su Ee Phon, Ani Amelia Zainuddin, Wendy Yin Ling Ng, Nordashima Abd Shukor, Pei Shan Lim
Bowel endometriosis is the most common extragenital manifestation of endometriosis. Clinical suspicion is of utmost importance for achieving its diagnosis. Management of this condition is, however, always challenging to the gynaecologist. We report a case of bowel endometriosis in which the patient presented with dyschezia and haematochezia prior to her menses for the past 2 years. A 44-year-old para two woman presented with worsening dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia. She also experienced dyschezia and haematochezia prior to her menses for the past 2 years...
September 6, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
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