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International Journal of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097020/renal-urotensin-ii-system-plays-roles-in-the-regulation-of-blood-pressure-in-dahl-salt-resistant-rat
#1
Fei Wu, Guanjong Chen, Aihua Zhang, Yang Yu, Minhua Fan, Chaoshu Tang
Introduction. Dahl salt-resistant (SR) animal models are similar to peritoneal dialysis patients with fluid volumes overload with normal blood pressure in hemodynamic profiles. We will verify the roles of UII in the regulation of blood pressure in these animal models. Methodology. The Dahl salt-sensitive (SS) and SR rats and UII receptor gene knocked out (KO) mice were placed on a high-salt diet. Renal tissues were performed for the expression of UII in Dahl groups. Results. After high-salt diet for 6 weeks, the systolic blood pressure (SBP) in SR group was significantly lower, accompanied with higher urinary UII levels, higher 24-hour urinary sodium excretion, and higher urinary creatinine clearance in the SR rats in comparison to SS group...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097019/a-community-based-assessment-of-hypertension-and-some-other-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-in-ngaound%C3%A3-r%C3%A3-cameroon
#2
Olivier Pancha Mbouemboue, Diana Derew, Jacques Olivier Ngoufack Tsougmo, Marcel Tangyi Tamanji
Background and Objective. Cardiovascular diseases are primary causes of death worldwide with well documented risk factors whose varying impacts added to the complexity in CVD management dictate the need for region-specific studies. We aimed at investigating the interactions between CVD risk factors and hypertension in Ngaoundéré. Methods. A cross-sectional survey was carried out from March to August 2014. Sociodemographic, fasting blood glucose, blood pressure, and anthropometric data were recorded. Statistical analyses were carried out using SAS software version 9...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053780/changes-in-blood-pressure-levels-and-antihypertensive-medication-use-before-and-after-renal-transplantation-among-patients-in-nairobi-kenya-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mary N Kubo, Joshua K Kayima, Anthony J Were, Mohammed S Ezzi, Seth O McLigeyo, Elijah N Ogola
Objectives. To determine the changes in blood pressure levels and antihypertensive medication use in the postrenal transplantation period compared to pretransplantation one. Methods. A comparative cross-sectional study was carried out on renal transplant recipients at the Kenyatta National Hospital, a national referral hospital in Kenya. Sociodemographic details, blood pressure levels, and antihypertensive medication use before and after renal transplantation were noted. Changes in mean blood pressure levels and mean number of antihypertensive medications after renal transplantation were determined using paired t-test...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053779/hypertension-an-emerging-problem-in-rural-cameroon-prevalence-risk-factors-and-control
#4
Walters Tabi Arrey, Christian Akem Dimala, Julius Atashili, Josephine Mbuagbaw, Gottlieb Lobe Monekosso
Background. Despite the increasing trends suggesting that hypertension is a growing public health problem in developing countries, studies on its prevalence, associated risk factors, and extent of blood pressure control have been inequitably done in urban and rural communities in these countries. We therefore aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension and extent of blood pressure control in rural Cameroon. Methods. This was a community-based cross-sectional study conducted in rural Cameroon (the Moliwe Health Area)...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050277/awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-primary-health-care-and-secondary-referral-medical-outpatient-clinic-settings-at-enugu-southeast-nigeria
#5
Chioli Chijioke, Raphael Anakwue, Teddy Okolo, Esther Ekwe, Chukwuemeka Eze, Charles Agunyenwa, Nnamdi Nwosu, Christopher Amah, Kenneth Nwadike, Udunma Chijioke
Essential hypertension is the most common noncommunicable disease (NCD), affecting more than half the adult population in many countries and being the major NCD contributor to the double burden of disease in developing countries. We undertook a survey of the hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in primary and secondary referral health care clinics in Enugu, Nigeria, and compared these data with those obtained in local community surveys. The prevalence of hypertension in the primary care clinic (9...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965893/the-hypertension-of-hemophilia-is-not-explained-by-the-usual-cardiovascular-risk-factors-results-of-a-cohort-study
#6
Richard F W Barnes, Thomas J Cramer, Afrah S Sait, Rebecca Kruse-Jarres, Doris V K Quon, Annette von Drygalski
Background. The etiology of the high prevalence of hypertension among patients with hemophilia (PWH) remains unknown. Methods. We compared 469 PWH in the United States with males from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to determine whether differences in cardiovascular risk factors can account for the hypertension in hemophilia. Results. Median systolic and diastolic BP were higher in PWH than NHANES (P < 0.001) for subjects not taking antihypertensives. Those taking antihypertensives showed similar differences...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872756/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-34-111-haart-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-adults-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#7
Marina Njelekela, Alfa Muhihi, Akum Aveika, Donna Spiegelman, Claudia Hawkins, Catharina Armstrong, Enju Liu, James Okuma, Guerino Chalamila, Sylvia Kaaya, Ferdinand Mugusi, Wafaie Fawzi
Background. Elevated blood pressure has been reported among treatment naïve HIV-infected patients. We investigated prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors in a HAART naïve HIV-infected population in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among HAART naïve HIV-infected patients. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg. Overweight and obesity were defined as body mass index (BMI) between 25...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843645/safety-and-antihypertensive-effect-of-selara%C3%A2-eplerenone-results-from-a-postmarketing-surveillance-in-japan
#8
Shoko Takahashi, Megumi Hiramatsu, Shinichi Hotta, Yukie Watanabe, Osamu Suga, Yutaka Endo, Isamu Miyamori
Prospective postmarketing surveillance of Selara (eplerenone), a selective mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, was performed to confirm its safety and efficacy for hypertension treatment in Japan. The change in blood pressure after initiation of eplerenone treatment was also examined. Patients with essential hypertension who were eplerenone-naïve were recruited regardless of the use of other antihypertensive drugs. For examination of changes in blood pressure, patients were excluded if eplerenone was contraindicated or used off-label...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774313/an-analysis-of-anthropometric-indicators-and-modifiable-lifestyle-parameters-associated-with-hypertensive-nephropathy
#9
Christiana Aryee, William K B A Owiredu, James Osei-Yeboah, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Edwin F Laing, Isaac K Owusu
The surge in prevalence of chronic noncommunicable diseases like hypertension and chronic kidney disease has been linked with modifiable lifestyle practices and increased body fat. This study sought to compare the association between different modifiable lifestyle practices, adiposity indices, renal function parameters, and hypertension as well as the predictive implications for levels of these parameters in target cardiac organ damage among an urban Ghanaian hypertensive population. Using a hospital-based case-control study design, 241 Ghanaian indigenes from the Kumasi metropolis were recruited for this study...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630771/hypertension-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-middle-aged-adults-in-chongqing-china
#10
Xianglong Xu, Yunshuang Rao, Zumin Shi, Lingli Liu, Cheng Chen, Yong Zhao
Hypertension is a major risk factor of cardiovascular disease in China, and yet little is known about health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its associations with demographic and social-economic characteristics in middle-aged patients with hypertension. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken in Chongqing, China, using a multistage stratified random sampling methodology. Data was collected on 1,224 eligible adults, aged between 45 and 53 years, including the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form-36 to measure HRQOL...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525113/prevalence-risk-factors-awareness-and-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-mafia-island-tanzania
#11
M S Muhamedhussein, Z I Nagri, K P Manji
Introduction. The prevalence of hypertension in Africa ranges from 29.7% in Cameroon to 47% in South Africa. Only 10% receive treatment in Cameroon while 32% are on medications in Ghana. Control rates vary from 0.4% to 16.8%. This study was done to assess prevalence, risk factors, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Mafia Island, Tanzania, which has never been documented before, so that necessary interventions can be undertaken accordingly. Methodology. Data was collected through questionnaires and anthropometric measurements were taken...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433355/the-association-between-esr-and-crp-and-systemic-hypertension-in-sarcoidosis
#12
Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Hesham R Omar, Golnaz Ebrahimi, Micheal Campos
Introduction. The association between the level of systemic inflammation and systemic hypertension (sHTN) among subjects with sarcoidosis has not been previously explored. Methods. A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the relation between the level of systemic inflammation in sarcoidosis, measured by various serum inflammatory markers, and sHTN. Results. Among a total of 108 cases with sarcoidosis (mean age: 53.4 years, 76.9% females), 55 (50.9%) had sHTN and 53 (49.1%) were normotensive. ESR was highly associated with sHTN...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313874/socioeconomic-status-and-hypertension-among-teachers-and-bankers-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#13
Girma Fikadu, Seblewengel Lemma
Background. The social and economic changes taking place in developing countries are influencing the pace at which hypertension and its risk factors are expanding. As opposed to the already established inverse association in developed nations, the association between socioeconomic status and hypertension in developing countries is poor and inconsistent. This study aims to determine the association between socioeconomic status and hypertension among teachers and bankers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods. This study is based on a cross-sectional study conducted to assess the prevalence of NCDs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293881/changes-in-angiotensin-receptor-distribution-and-in-aortic-morphology-are-associated-with-blood-pressure-control-in-aged-metabolic-syndrome-rats
#14
Verónica Guarner-Lans, Elizabeth Soria-Castro, Rocío Torrico-Lavayen, Araceli Patrón-Soberano, Karla G Carvajal-Aguilera, Vicente Castrejón-Tellez, María Esther Rubio-Ruiz
The role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in blood pressure regulation in MS during aging is unknown. It participates in metabolic syndrome (MS) and aging regulating vascular tone and remodeling. RAS might participate in a compensatory mechanism decreasing blood pressure and allowing MS rats to reach 18 months of age and it might form part of therapeutical procedures to ameliorate MS. We studied histological changes and distribution of RAS receptors in aortas of MS aged rats. Electron microscopy images showed premature aging in MS since the increased fibrosis, enlarged endothelium, and invasion of this layer by muscle cells that was present in control 18-month-old aortas were also found in 6-month-old aortas from MS rats...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293880/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-hypertension-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-municipalities-of-kathmandu-nepal
#15
Raja Ram Dhungana, Achyut Raj Pandey, Bihungum Bista, Suira Joshi, Surya Devkota
Objective. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of hypertension in newly declared municipalities of Kathmandu, Nepal. Design, Settings, and Participants. This was a community-based cross-sectional study conducted in the municipalities of Kathmandu District, Nepal, between January and July 2015. Study participants were aged 18 to 70 years, residing permanently in the study sites. Municipalities, Wards, households, and respondents were selected randomly. Results. Of the 587 participants, 58...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200184/prevalence-and-sociodemographic-determinants-of-hypertension-history-among-women-in-reproductive-age-in-ghana
#16
Samuel H Nyarko
Background. Hypertension is a global health problem. Yet, studies on hypertension rarely focus on women in Ghana. The purpose of this study is to ascertain the prevalence and sociodemographic determinants of hypertension history among Ghanaian women in reproductive age. Methods. This study used data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were carried out to ascertain the prevalence and determinants of hypertension history among the respondents. Results...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127646/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-determination-of-its-risk-factors-in-rural-delhi
#17
Jugal Kishore, Neeru Gupta, Charu Kohli, Neeta Kumar
Introduction. Hypertension is an important public health challenge in both economically developing and developed countries. It is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular mortality. Data is available on hypertension in urban population but few studies are reported in rural areas. Materials and Methods. It was a community based cross-sectional study conducted in two rural areas in Delhi among 1005 subjects selected using systematic random sampling method. WHO STEPS approach was used to collect data. Blood pressure, body mass index, and blood sugar were measured...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088010/beneficial-effects-of-dietary-nitrate-on-endothelial-function-and-blood-pressure-levels
#18
REVIEW
Jenifer d'El-Rei, Ana Rosa Cunha, Michelle Trindade, Mario Fritsch Neves
Poor eating habits may represent cardiovascular risk factors since high intake of fat and saturated fatty acids contributes to dyslipidemia, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Thus, nutritional interventions are recognized as important strategies for primary prevention of hypertension and as adjuvants to pharmacological therapies to reduce cardiovascular risk. The DASH (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) plan is one of the most effective strategies for the prevention and nonpharmacological management of hypertension...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069676/adherence-to-antihypertensive-medications-in-iranian-patients
#19
Azin Behnood-Rod, Omid Rabbanifar, Pirouz Pourzargar, Alireza Rai, Zahra Saadat, Habibollah Saadat, Yashar Moharamzad, Donald E Morisky
Introduction. Appropriate adherence to medication is still a challenging issue for hypertensive patients. We determined adherence to antihypertensive(s) and its associated factors among 280 Iranian patients. Methods. They were recruited consecutively from private and university health centers and pharmacies in four cities. The validated Persian version of the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) was administered to measure adherence. Results. Mean (±SD) overall MMAS-8 score was 5.75 (±1.88)...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989504/growing-related-changes-in-arterial-properties-of-healthy-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-nonexposed-to-cardiovascular-risk-factors-analysis-of-gender-related-differences
#20
S Curcio, V García-Espinosa, M Arana, I Farro, P Chiesa, G Giachetto, Y Zócalo, D Bia
The aims of our work were to determine normal aging rates for structural and functional arterial parameters in healthy children, adolescents, and young adults and to identify gender-related differences in these aging rates. Methods. 161 subjects (mean: 15 years (range: 4-28 years), 69 females) were studied. Subjects included had no congenital or chronic diseases, nor had they been previously exposed to traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Arterial parameters assessed were (1) central blood pressure (BP) and aortic pulse wave analysis, (2) arterial local (pressure-strain elastic modulus) and regional (pulse wave velocity, PWV) stiffness, and (3) arterial diameters and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT)...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
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