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International Journal of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872756/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-34-111-haart-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-adults-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#1
Marina Njelekela, Alfa Muhihi, Akum Aveika, Donna Spiegelman, Claudia Hawkins, Catharina Armstrong, Enju Liu, James Okuma, Guerino Chalamila, Sylvia Kaaya, Ferdinand Mugusi, Wafaie Fawzi
Background. Elevated blood pressure has been reported among treatment naïve HIV-infected patients. We investigated prevalence of hypertension and its associated risk factors in a HAART naïve HIV-infected population in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods. A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among HAART naïve HIV-infected patients. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg. Overweight and obesity were defined as body mass index (BMI) between 25...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843645/safety-and-antihypertensive-effect-of-selara%C3%A2-eplerenone-results-from-a-postmarketing-surveillance-in-japan
#2
Shoko Takahashi, Megumi Hiramatsu, Shinichi Hotta, Yukie Watanabe, Osamu Suga, Yutaka Endo, Isamu Miyamori
Prospective postmarketing surveillance of Selara (eplerenone), a selective mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist, was performed to confirm its safety and efficacy for hypertension treatment in Japan. The change in blood pressure after initiation of eplerenone treatment was also examined. Patients with essential hypertension who were eplerenone-naïve were recruited regardless of the use of other antihypertensive drugs. For examination of changes in blood pressure, patients were excluded if eplerenone was contraindicated or used off-label...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774313/an-analysis-of-anthropometric-indicators-and-modifiable-lifestyle-parameters-associated-with-hypertensive-nephropathy
#3
Christiana Aryee, William K B A Owiredu, James Osei-Yeboah, Ellis Owusu-Dabo, Edwin F Laing, Isaac K Owusu
The surge in prevalence of chronic noncommunicable diseases like hypertension and chronic kidney disease has been linked with modifiable lifestyle practices and increased body fat. This study sought to compare the association between different modifiable lifestyle practices, adiposity indices, renal function parameters, and hypertension as well as the predictive implications for levels of these parameters in target cardiac organ damage among an urban Ghanaian hypertensive population. Using a hospital-based case-control study design, 241 Ghanaian indigenes from the Kumasi metropolis were recruited for this study...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630771/hypertension-impact-on-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-middle-aged-adults-in-chongqing-china
#4
Xianglong Xu, Yunshuang Rao, Zumin Shi, Lingli Liu, Cheng Chen, Yong Zhao
Hypertension is a major risk factor of cardiovascular disease in China, and yet little is known about health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and its associations with demographic and social-economic characteristics in middle-aged patients with hypertension. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken in Chongqing, China, using a multistage stratified random sampling methodology. Data was collected on 1,224 eligible adults, aged between 45 and 53 years, including the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form-36 to measure HRQOL...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525113/prevalence-risk-factors-awareness-and-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-mafia-island-tanzania
#5
M S Muhamedhussein, Z I Nagri, K P Manji
Introduction. The prevalence of hypertension in Africa ranges from 29.7% in Cameroon to 47% in South Africa. Only 10% receive treatment in Cameroon while 32% are on medications in Ghana. Control rates vary from 0.4% to 16.8%. This study was done to assess prevalence, risk factors, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in Mafia Island, Tanzania, which has never been documented before, so that necessary interventions can be undertaken accordingly. Methodology. Data was collected through questionnaires and anthropometric measurements were taken...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433355/the-association-between-esr-and-crp-and-systemic-hypertension-in-sarcoidosis
#6
Mehdi Mirsaeidi, Hesham R Omar, Golnaz Ebrahimi, Micheal Campos
Introduction. The association between the level of systemic inflammation and systemic hypertension (sHTN) among subjects with sarcoidosis has not been previously explored. Methods. A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the relation between the level of systemic inflammation in sarcoidosis, measured by various serum inflammatory markers, and sHTN. Results. Among a total of 108 cases with sarcoidosis (mean age: 53.4 years, 76.9% females), 55 (50.9%) had sHTN and 53 (49.1%) were normotensive. ESR was highly associated with sHTN...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313874/socioeconomic-status-and-hypertension-among-teachers-and-bankers-in-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#7
Girma Fikadu, Seblewengel Lemma
Background. The social and economic changes taking place in developing countries are influencing the pace at which hypertension and its risk factors are expanding. As opposed to the already established inverse association in developed nations, the association between socioeconomic status and hypertension in developing countries is poor and inconsistent. This study aims to determine the association between socioeconomic status and hypertension among teachers and bankers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods. This study is based on a cross-sectional study conducted to assess the prevalence of NCDs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293881/changes-in-angiotensin-receptor-distribution-and-in-aortic-morphology-are-associated-with-blood-pressure-control-in-aged-metabolic-syndrome-rats
#8
Verónica Guarner-Lans, Elizabeth Soria-Castro, Rocío Torrico-Lavayen, Araceli Patrón-Soberano, Karla G Carvajal-Aguilera, Vicente Castrejón-Tellez, María Esther Rubio-Ruiz
The role of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in blood pressure regulation in MS during aging is unknown. It participates in metabolic syndrome (MS) and aging regulating vascular tone and remodeling. RAS might participate in a compensatory mechanism decreasing blood pressure and allowing MS rats to reach 18 months of age and it might form part of therapeutical procedures to ameliorate MS. We studied histological changes and distribution of RAS receptors in aortas of MS aged rats. Electron microscopy images showed premature aging in MS since the increased fibrosis, enlarged endothelium, and invasion of this layer by muscle cells that was present in control 18-month-old aortas were also found in 6-month-old aortas from MS rats...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293880/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-hypertension-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-municipalities-of-kathmandu-nepal
#9
Raja Ram Dhungana, Achyut Raj Pandey, Bihungum Bista, Suira Joshi, Surya Devkota
Objective. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors of hypertension in newly declared municipalities of Kathmandu, Nepal. Design, Settings, and Participants. This was a community-based cross-sectional study conducted in the municipalities of Kathmandu District, Nepal, between January and July 2015. Study participants were aged 18 to 70 years, residing permanently in the study sites. Municipalities, Wards, households, and respondents were selected randomly. Results. Of the 587 participants, 58...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27200184/prevalence-and-sociodemographic-determinants-of-hypertension-history-among-women-in-reproductive-age-in-ghana
#10
Samuel H Nyarko
Background. Hypertension is a global health problem. Yet, studies on hypertension rarely focus on women in Ghana. The purpose of this study is to ascertain the prevalence and sociodemographic determinants of hypertension history among Ghanaian women in reproductive age. Methods. This study used data from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey. Bivariate and logistic regression analyses were carried out to ascertain the prevalence and determinants of hypertension history among the respondents. Results...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127646/prevalence-of-hypertension-and-determination-of-its-risk-factors-in-rural-delhi
#11
Jugal Kishore, Neeru Gupta, Charu Kohli, Neeta Kumar
Introduction. Hypertension is an important public health challenge in both economically developing and developed countries. It is one of the risk factors for cardiovascular mortality. Data is available on hypertension in urban population but few studies are reported in rural areas. Materials and Methods. It was a community based cross-sectional study conducted in two rural areas in Delhi among 1005 subjects selected using systematic random sampling method. WHO STEPS approach was used to collect data. Blood pressure, body mass index, and blood sugar were measured...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088010/beneficial-effects-of-dietary-nitrate-on-endothelial-function-and-blood-pressure-levels
#12
REVIEW
Jenifer d'El-Rei, Ana Rosa Cunha, Michelle Trindade, Mario Fritsch Neves
Poor eating habits may represent cardiovascular risk factors since high intake of fat and saturated fatty acids contributes to dyslipidemia, obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Thus, nutritional interventions are recognized as important strategies for primary prevention of hypertension and as adjuvants to pharmacological therapies to reduce cardiovascular risk. The DASH (Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension) plan is one of the most effective strategies for the prevention and nonpharmacological management of hypertension...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27069676/adherence-to-antihypertensive-medications-in-iranian-patients
#13
Azin Behnood-Rod, Omid Rabbanifar, Pirouz Pourzargar, Alireza Rai, Zahra Saadat, Habibollah Saadat, Yashar Moharamzad, Donald E Morisky
Introduction. Appropriate adherence to medication is still a challenging issue for hypertensive patients. We determined adherence to antihypertensive(s) and its associated factors among 280 Iranian patients. Methods. They were recruited consecutively from private and university health centers and pharmacies in four cities. The validated Persian version of the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) was administered to measure adherence. Results. Mean (±SD) overall MMAS-8 score was 5.75 (±1.88)...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26989504/growing-related-changes-in-arterial-properties-of-healthy-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-nonexposed-to-cardiovascular-risk-factors-analysis-of-gender-related-differences
#14
S Curcio, V García-Espinosa, M Arana, I Farro, P Chiesa, G Giachetto, Y Zócalo, D Bia
The aims of our work were to determine normal aging rates for structural and functional arterial parameters in healthy children, adolescents, and young adults and to identify gender-related differences in these aging rates. Methods. 161 subjects (mean: 15 years (range: 4-28 years), 69 females) were studied. Subjects included had no congenital or chronic diseases, nor had they been previously exposed to traditional cardiovascular risk factors. Arterial parameters assessed were (1) central blood pressure (BP) and aortic pulse wave analysis, (2) arterial local (pressure-strain elastic modulus) and regional (pulse wave velocity, PWV) stiffness, and (3) arterial diameters and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT)...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26949543/determinants-of-mean-blood-pressure-and-hypertension-among-workers-in-west-africa
#15
REVIEW
William K Bosu
Background. This review was undertaken to estimate the mean blood pressure and evaluate its determinants as well as the determinants of hypertension among workers in West Africa. Methods. In a follow-up to an earlier study, a systematic search for articles published between 1980 and August 2015 was undertaken using major databases. Results. A total of 55 articles involving 34,919 different cadres of workers from six countries were retrieved. The mean systolic blood pressure (BP) ranged from 116.6 ± 1.3 mmHg to 151...
2016: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26881064/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-the-association-between-hypertension-and-tinnitus
#16
REVIEW
Pan Yang, Wenjun Ma, Yiqing Zheng, Haidi Yang, Hualiang Lin
Hypertension has been suggested to be one possible risk factor of tinnitus, but the association between hypertension and tinnitus remains uncertain. The authors performed a meta-analysis of the existing studies on the association between hypertension and tinnitus. We performed literature search of studies using SinoMed, CNKI, WanFang, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. Studies reported the odds ratio and 95% confidence interval (CI) (or provided sufficient information for calculation) of the association between hypertension and tinnitus were included...
2015: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26783454/knowledge-treatment-control-and-risk-factors-for-hypertension-among-adults-in-southern-iran
#17
Sayed Fazel Zinat Motlagh, Reza Chaman, Sayed Rashid Ghafari, Zafar Parisay, Mohamad Reza Golabi, Ahmad Ali Eslami, Amin Babouei
Hypertension is the first and the most common risk factor to diseases such as cardiovascular, stroke, and renal diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the factors relevant to hypertension knowledge, treatment, and control in southern Iran. In this cross-sectional study, conducted in Kohgiluye Boyer-Ahmad province, south of Iran, a total of 1836 hypertension patients were randomly selected to participate voluntarily in the study. Hypertension treatment and its control were defined during study. In addition, knowledge about hypertension was measured by hypertension knowledge level scale (HK-LS)...
2015: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557386/sleep-disorders-obesity-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-risk
#18
Samy I McFarlane, Olugbenga Ogedegbe, Amgad N Makaryus, Charles Agyemang, Girardin Jean-Louis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26550489/provider-adherence-to-national-guidelines-for-managing-hypertension-in-african-americans
#19
Jeanette Sessoms, Kathryn Reid, Ishan Williams, Ivora Hinton
Purpose. To evaluate provider adherence to national guidelines for the treatment of hypertension in African Americans. Design. A descriptive, preexperimental, quantitative method. Methods. Electronic medical records were reviewed and data were obtained from 62 charts. Clinical data collected included blood pressure readings, medications prescribed, laboratory studies, lifestyle modification, referral to hypertension specialist, and follow-up care. Findings. Overall provider adherence was 75%. Weight loss, sodium restriction, and physical activity recommendations were documented on 82...
2015: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26550488/a-concept-mapping-study-of-physicians-perceptions-of-factors-influencing-management-and-control-of-hypertension-in-sub-saharan-africa
#20
Juliet Iwelunmor, Sarah Blackstone, Joyce Gyamfi, Collins Airhihenbuwa, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Bamidele Tayo, Richard Adanu, Gbenga Ogedegbe
Hypertension, once a rare problem in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), is predicted to be a major cause of death by 2020 with mortality rates as high as 75%. However, comprehensive knowledge of provider-level factors that influence optimal management is limited. The objective of the current study was to discover physicians' perceptions of factors influencing optimal management and control of hypertension in SSA. Twelve physicians attending the Cardiovascular Research Training (CaRT) Institute at the University of Ghana, College of Health Sciences, were invited to complete a concept mapping process that included brainstorming the factors influencing optimal management and control of hypertension in patients, sorting and organizing the factors into similar domains, and rating the importance and feasibility of efforts to address these factors...
2015: International Journal of Hypertension
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