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International Journal of Hypertension

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721335/doctors-knowledge-of-hypertension-guidelines-recommendations-reflected-in-their-practice
#1
Nafees Ahmad, Amer Hayat Khan, Irfanullah Khan, Amjad Khan, Muhammad Atif
Aim: To evaluate doctors' knowledge, attitude, and practices and predictors of adherence to Malaysian hypertension guidelines (CPG 2008). Methods: Twenty-six doctors involved in hypertension management at Penang General Hospital were enrolled in a cross-sectional study. Doctors' knowledge and attitudes towards guidelines were evaluated through a self-administered questionnaire. Their practices were evaluated by noting their prescriptions written to 520 established hypertensive outpatients (20 prescriptions/doctor)...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682342/a-proposed-middle-range-theory-of-nursing-in-hypertension-care
#2
REVIEW
Eva Drevenhorn
Nursing in hypertension care comprises counselling about lifestyle changes, blood pressure measurement, and being a translator for the physician. For the patient, changing lifestyle means performing self-care. As not much in the form of research and guidelines for nurses is available, a middle-range theory of nursing in hypertension care was developed to guide nurses in their practice, in order to improve the nursing of patients and design studies for investigating nursing in hypertension care. Concepts are presented related to the patient (attitude and beliefs regarding health and sickness, autonomy, personality and traits, level of perceived vulnerability, hardiness, sense of coherence, locus of control, self-efficacy, and access to social support and network) and the nursing (applying theories and models for behavioural change in the consultation and using counselling skills, patient advocacy, empowerment, professional knowledge and health education, and supporting the patient)...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623220/high-prevalence-of-hypertension-in-ethiopian-and-non-ethiopian-hiv-infected-adults
#3
Maya Korem, Tali Wallach, Michael Bursztyn, Shlomo Maayan, Karen Olshtain-Pops
Objectives: Prevalence of hypertension has not been studied in the Ethiopian HIV-infected population, which represents 60% of the patients in our AIDS unit. Our aim was to identify risk factors and characterize the prevalence of hypertension in the population monitored at our unit. Methods: A retrospective chart review categorized subjects according to their blood pressure levels. Hypertension prevalence was determined and stratified according to variables perceived to contribute to elevated blood pressure...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610681/hypertension-and-associated-factors-in-rural-and-urban-areas-mali-data-from-the-step-2013-survey
#4
Hamidou Oumar Bâ, Youssouf Camara, Ichaka Menta, Ibrahima Sangaré, Noumou Sidibé, I B Diall, Souleymane Coulibaly, Maiga Asmaou Kéita, Georges Rosario Christian Millogo
Background: Our study aims to estimate hypertension (HTN) prevalence and its predictors in rural and urban area. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional population-based study involving subjects aged 15 to 65 years. Collected data (sociodemographic, blood pressure, weight, height, and blood glucose) were analyzed using SPSS version 20. A logistic regression was conducted to look for factors associated with HTN. Results: Mean was 47 years. High blood pressure (HBP) prevalence was 21...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610680/association-between-cd4-cell-count-and-blood-pressure-and-its-variation-with-body-mass-index-categories-in-hiv-infected-patients
#5
Christian Akem Dimala, Benjamin Momo Kadia, Ben-Lawrence Kemah, Maxime Tindong, Simeon-Pierre Choukem
The aim of this study was to establish whether an independent relationship exists between CD4 count and hypertension and if this relationship is modified or confounded by the body mass index (BMI). Methods . A secondary data analysis of a cross-sectional study on 200 HIV/AIDS patients at a referral hospital in Cameroon was conducted. Linear and logistic regression models were used as appropriate to explore the association between the variables of interest. Results . There was no linear association between log CD4 count and both systolic ( p = 0...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593897/serum-presepsin-levels-are-not-elevated-in-patients-with-controlled-hypertension
#6
Ismail Biyik, Fatma Nihan Turhan Caglar, Nilgun Isiksacan, Nursel Kocamaz, Pınar Kasapoglu, Asuman Gedikbasi, Faruk Akturk
Introduction: Hypertension (HT) is a common serious condition associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The pathogenesis of HT is multifactorial and has been widely investigated. Besides the vascular, hormonal, and neurological factors, inflammation plays a crucial role in HT. Many inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein, cytokines, and adhesion molecules have been studied in HT, which supported the role of inflammation in the pathogenesis of HT. Presepsin (PSP) is a novel biomarker of inflammation...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535868/factors-associated-with-outcomes-of-percutaneous-transluminal-renal-angioplasty-in-patients-with-renal-artery-stenosis-a-retrospective-analysis-of-50-consecutive-cases
#7
Tetsutaro Matayoshi, Kei Kamide, Ryoichi Tanaka, Tetsuya Fukuda, Takeshi Horio, Yoshio Iwashima, Fumiki Yoshihara, Satoko Nakamura, Hajime Nakahama, Yusuke Ohya, Yuhei Kawano
Background: The results of recent trials have brought some confusion to the treatment strategy for renal artery stenosis (RAS). To evaluate the applicability of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA) for RAS, we extracted the factors that may affect the effectiveness of PTRA from cases experienced at a hypertension center. Methods and Results: We retrospectively assessed the blood pressure (BP) lowering effects and renoprotective effects in 50 consecutive patients that had hemodynamically significant RAS and had undergone PTRA and stenting during 2001-2005...
2018: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423321/hypertension-in-non-type-2-diabetes-in-isfahan-iran-incidence-and-risk-factors
#8
Mohsen Janghorbani, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Masoud Amini
Objective: To estimate the incidence of and risk factors for the development of hypertension (HTN) in people with T1D using routinely collected data. Method: The mean 16-year incidence of HTN was measured among 1,167 (557 men and 610 women) nonhypertensive patients with T1D from Isfahan Endocrine and Metabolism Research Center outpatient clinics, Iran. HTN was defined as a systolic blood pressure (BP) of 140 mm Hg or higher and/or a diastolic BP 90 mm Hg or higher and/or use of antihypertensive medications...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359040/characteristics-of-inpatient-hypertension-cases-and-factors-associated-with-admission-outcomes-in-ashanti-region-ghana-an-analytic-cross-sectional-study
#9
Kenneth Nuamah, Harriet Affran Bonful, Joseph Danso Yeboah, Ebenezer Antwi Amankwaah, Daniel Boakye, Samuel Kwame Owusu, Adwoa Aduako Owusu, Freddie Amponsah, Fred Adomako-Boateng, Alexis Nang-Beifubah, Margaret Gyapong, Anthony Ofosu, Bertha Garshong, Evelyn K Ansah
Background: Hypertension remains a cause of morbidity and mortality in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. It has been featured in the top ten causes of OPD attendance, admissions, and deaths since 2012. We investigated the sociodemographic characteristics and spatial distribution of inpatient hypertensives and factors associated with their admission outcomes. Methods: A 2014 line list of 1715 inpatient HPT cases aged ≥25 years was used for the cross-sectional analytic study...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29348933/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-hypertension-a-cross-sectional-study-in-urban-varanasi
#10
Shikha Singh, Ravi Shankar, Gyan Prakash Singh
Hypertension is a major public health problem and important area of research due to its high prevalence and being major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases and other complications. Objectives . (1) To assess the prevalence of hypertension and its associated factors and (2) to estimate awareness, treatment, and adequacy of control of hypertension among study subjects. Methods and Materials . A community based cross-sectional study with multistage sampling design was conducted among urban population of Varanasi...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230325/a-study-on-knowledge-awareness-and-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-hypertension-from-a-tertiary-care-centre-from-northern-sri-lanka
#11
S Pirasath, T Kumanan, M Guruparan
Objective: To assess the patient's knowledge and awareness about hypertension and adherence to antihypertensive medication among hypertensive patients with validated Morisky questionnaires in a tertiary care centre of northern Sri Lanka. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive comparative study was carried out at Teaching Hospital Jaffna, from January 2017 to April 2017. Hypertensive patients were recruited by systematic randomized controlled sampling and interviewed with validated Morisky questionnaires to assess their knowledge about hypertension...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147581/review-of-and-updates-on-hypertension-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
REVIEW
Masood Ahmad, Devan Makati, Sana Akbar
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep disorder as is hypertension (HTN) in the 21st century with the rising incidence of obesity. Numerous studies have shown a strong association of OSA with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. There is overwhelming evidence supporting the relationship between OSA and hypertension (HTN). The pathophysiology of HTN in OSA is complex and dependent on various factors such as sympathetic tone, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, endothelial dysfunction, and altered baroreceptor reflexes...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29085674/comparison-between-central-and-brachial-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-elderly-women-and-men
#13
Bruno Bordin Pelazza, Sebastião Rodrigues Ferreira Filho
AIM: To compare the values of central and brachial systemic blood pressure (SBP) between women and men over 60 years of age with systemic arterial hypertension. METHODS: This study was a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study with elderly patients admitted to and selected from spontaneous and scheduled demand at basic health units in Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brazil, between March 2013 and March 2014. We included 69 study participants and compared central and brachial SBP using a Sphygmocor® XCEL device (AtCor Medical, Sydney, Australia)...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932598/the-effects-of-socioeconomic-determinants-on-hypertension-in-a-cardiometabolic-at-risk-european-country
#14
Sarah Cuschieri, Josanne Vassallo, Neville Calleja, Nikolai Pace, Julian Mamo
BACKGROUND: A relationship has been established between socioeconomic status and hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hypertension and to explore the links between hypertension and socioeconomic factors in the adult population of Malta. METHODS: A national representative cross-sectional health examination study was performed between 2014 and 2016. Sociodemographic and medical history data was gathered by validated questionnaires while blood pressure was measured...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840040/predictors-of-hypertension-in-a-population-of-undergraduate-students-in-sierra-leone
#15
Aiah Lebbie, Richard Wadsworth, Janette Saidu, Camilla Bangura
We report on the first survey of hypertension in undergraduates in Sierra Leone. Levels of hypertension (12%) and obesity (4%) appear low compared to the general population but given the rapid increase of both and the expectation that many graduates will enter the formal employment sector and a sedentary lifestyle, there is still cause for concern. We measured their BMI (body mass index) and used a questionnaire to investigate demographic and lifestyle choices. In agreement with most authorities, we found that BMI and age were statistically significant predictors of systolic and diastolic blood pressure but that the explanatory power was low (r = 0...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819568/nebivolol-attenuates-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-a-marker-of-subclinical-inflammation-in-hypertensive-patients
#16
Mazhar Hussain, Muhammad Saeed, Muhammad Zafar Majeed Babar, Moazzam Ali Atif, Lubna Akhtar
BACKGROUND: High value of neutrophil lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a strong independent predictor and biomarker of ongoing vascular inflammation in various cardiovascular disorders. OBJECTIVE: The main focus of the study is to investigate the effect of nebivolol on NLR in mild to moderate hypertensive patients in comparison with metoprolol. In addition, BMI, blood pressure, TLC count, blood sugar, and lipid profile were also assayed before and after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this 12-week prospective double-blinded randomized study, 120 patients with mild to moderate hypertension were randomly divided into two groups to prescribed daily dose of tab nebivolol 5-10 mg and metoprolol 50-100 mg, respectively, for 12 weeks...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751987/hypertension-management-in-brazil-usual-practice-in-primary-care-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Rafael V Picon, Juvenal S Dias-da-Costa, Flavio D Fuchs, Maria Teresa A Olinto, Niteesh K Choudhry, Sandra C Fuchs
Knowing the usual clinical practice is relevant for evaluations in health care and economic policies of management of hypertension. This study aimed to describe the usual management of hypertension in the Brazilian primary healthcare system through a systematic review and meta-analysis. The search of population-based studies conducted in Brazil was undertaken using PubMed, EMBASE, and Brazilian databases. Eligible studies were those conducted in adults with hypertension (blood pressure (BP) ≥ 140/90 mmHg or using BP lowering drugs)...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634545/herbal-and-alternative-medicine-use-in-tanzanian-adults-admitted-with-hypertension-related-diseases-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Anthony Liwa, Rebecca Roediger, Hyasinta Jaka, Amina Bougaila, Luke Smart, Stacey Langwick, Robert Peck
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is increasingly common in sub-Saharan Africa where traditional medicine use is also common. We conducted a hospital-based, mixed-methods study to determine prevalence, pattern, and correlates of herbal and alternative medicine use in Tanzanian adults hospitalized with hypertension. METHODS: A standardized questionnaire was administered. In-depth interviews were performed on a subset of participants. Factors associated with herbal medicine use were determined by logistic regression...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573048/brain-oscillations-elicited-by-the-cold-pressor-test-a-putative-index-of-untreated-essential-hypertension
#19
Christos Papageorgiou, Efstathios Manios, Eleftheria Tsaltas, Eleni Koroboki, Maria Alevizaki, Elias Angelopoulos, Meletios-Athanasios Dimopoulos, Charalabos Papageorgiou, Nikolaos Zakopoulos
OBJECTIVE: Essential hypertension is associated with reduced pain sensitivity of unclear aetiology. This study explores this issue using the Cold Pressor Test (CPT), a reliable pain/stress model, comparing CPT-related EEG activity in first episode hypertensives and controls. METHOD: 22 untreated hypertensives and 18 matched normotensives underwent 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). EEG recordings were taken before, during, and after CPT exposure...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487768/prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-among-chinese-first-generation-migrants-and-italians-in-prato-italy-the-chip-study
#20
Pietro A Modesti, Maria Calabrese, Ilaria Marzotti, Hushao Bing, Danilo Malandrino, Maria Boddi, Sergio Castellani, Dong Zhao
Data on health needs of Chinese living in the South of Europe are lacking. To compare prevalence, awareness, treatment, control, and risk factors for hypertension between Chinese migrants and Italian adults, a sample of 1200 first-generation Chinese migrants and 291 native Italians aged 35-59 years living in Prato (Italy) was recruited in a community-based participatory cross-sectional survey. Primary outcome measure was hypertension, diagnosed for blood pressure values ≥ 140/90 mmHg or current use of antihypertensive medications...
2017: International Journal of Hypertension
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