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Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034162/apparent-inadequate-fixation-due-to-improper-radiographic-angulation
#1
Júlio César Silva de Oliveira, Bruno Henrique Alonso da Luz, Déborah Laurindo Pereira Santos, Marcelo Silva Monnazzi
Computed tomography is shown as an alternative important aid for diagnosis and postoperative evaluation in the maxillofacial region.
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034161/interpositional-flap-reconstruction-of-temporomandibular-joint-using-a-novel-anterior-based-mastoid-flap-technique
#2
Celal Candirli, Mehmet Demirkol, Onur Yilmaz
In this report, it was aimed to use the anterior-based mastoid fascia flap as an interpositional graft in TMJ surgery. This technical report, along with this characteristic, is the first in the literature.
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034160/evaluation-of-the-role-played-by-cyclin-d1-as-a-diagnostic-and-prognostic-marker-in-the-progression-of-oral-carcinogenesis
#3
Reena Rachel John, C Ravindran, N Malathi, Rita Mary Aruna
Abstract: Cyclin D1 is linked with the development and progression of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This case-control study was directed to characterise the immunoreactivity of the protein cyclin D1 and its correlation with the clinicopathological parameters of patients with OSCC and potentially malignant disorders (PMD). A group of patients with OSCC were followed up after treatment, and the cyclin D1 expression was reviewed for correlation of cyclin D1 expression with prognosis of the patients...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034159/the-role-of-ultrasound-in-diagnosis-of-temporomandibular-joint-disc-displacement-a-case-control-study
#4
U Siva Kalyan, Kishore Moturi, K Padma Rayalu
Purpose: Ultrasound is extensively being used for imaging of temporomandibular joint as it is non-invasive and relatively inexpensive. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of ultrasound in identifying TMJ with internal derangement and to access its usefulness as a diagnostic tool in patients with TMJ clicking. Methods: A case-control study was done: 25 patients with a complaint of clicking sound while opening the jaw were randomly selected as the study group and 25 patients who were asymptomatic on TMJ examination were selected as the control group...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034158/prevalence-of-bifid-mandibular-canal-amongst-indian-population-a-radiographic-study
#5
Tushar Manohar Rothe, Prachur Kumar, Navin Shah, Rashmi Venkatesh, Vaishnavee Vassandacoumara, Amit Mahajan
Background: Bifid mandibular canal (BMC) is a normal anatomical variation and has been less studied in the Indian population. This study was aimed at estimating the prevalence of BMC amongst Indian population. Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised of 5800 digital orthopantomograms (OPGs) which were from four zones of India, i.e. North India, South India, East India, and West India (1700 OPGs from each zone). Any pathological or normal digital OPGs having age between 15 and 80 years in the format of jepg or jpg image were included, while OPGs of operated case of hemimandibulectomy and blurred in which mandibular canal was not traceable were excluded from this study...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034157/treatment-for-the-large-aggressive-benign-lesions-of-the-jaws
#6
Sirmahan Cakarer, S Cemil Isler, Basak Keskin, Aysenur Uzun, Hulya Kocak Berberoglu, Cengizhan Keskin
Objectives: Our aim was to evaluate the clinical outcome of the conservative management of the significantly large benign aggressive lesions of the jaws. Subjects and Methods: Twenty-two patients were reviewed regarding the demographic, radiographic, and operative findings. Patients were treated by decompression followed by curettage or only with curettage. Results: No bone grafts were used. Mean follow-up time was 56.2 months. The mandible was more affected than the maxilla...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034156/temporomandibular-disorder-signs-occlusal-support-and-craniofacial-structure-changes-among-the-elderly-vietnamese
#7
Minh Son Nguyen, Mare Saag, Ülle Voog-Oras, Toai Nguyen, Triin Jagomägi
Objective: The aim of study was to determine the association between signs of temporomandibular disorders (TMD), occlusal support, and alterations in the craniofacial structure of elderly Vietnamese by using cephalometric analysis. Methods: The cross-sectional study consisted of 244 participants aged 65-74 years. Participants were examined for signs of TMD, including limited mouth opening, temporomandibular joint (TMJ) crepitus, TMJ tenderness, and muscle tenderness...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034155/buccal-plate-preservation-with-immediate-implant-placement-and-provisionalization-5-year-follow-up-outcomes
#8
Alfonso Caiazzo, Federico Brugnami, Francesco Galletti, Pushkar Mehra
Purpose: Despite socket preservation and/or immediate implant placement, resorption of the buccal plate after dental extraction continues to pose esthetic challenges to clinicians. Buccal plate preservation (BPP) is a technique that has been recently proposed with an aim to reduce the incidence of such resorption. This study was conducted to assess the long-term efficacy of BPP in maintaining the thickness of the buccal cortical plate after immediate implant insertion and provisionalization...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034154/effect-of-low-dose-aspirin-on-bleeding-following-exodontia-a-prospective-clinical-study
#9
Rohan Gupta, Arun Dugal, Vikrant Dilip Sane, Shashank Hiwarkar, Saurabh Khandelwal, Apoorva Iyengar
Purpose: This research aims to study the effects of low-dose aspirin on bleeding after exodontia and to compare statistically and analyze perioperative blood loss during exodontia in patients on aspirin therapy and healthy patients and also to discuss the various measures if required necessary for controlling postoperative bleeding in simple and uncomplicated exodontia. Materials and Methods: The study included 100 patients, ranging in age from 30 to 60 years. The patients were divided into two groups, a test group consisting of 50 patients who were on a daily dose of 75-150 mg of aspirin and a control group consisting of 50 patients not on any antiplatelet therapy...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034153/surgical-correction-of-tmj-bilateral-dislocation-with-eminectomy-and-capsulorrhaphy-as-an-adjuvant-case-reports
#10
Suresh Vyloppilli, Benny Joseph, K P Manojkumar, Shermil Sayd, K S Krishnakumar
Introduction: Anterior excessive movement of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a condition which reduces the quality of life of a person to great extent with the patient always living in the fear of inherent dislocation. Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint represents 3% of all reported joint dislocations. Case report: In this article, we discuss about two cases where the patients with chronic TMJ dislocation were treated with eminectomy and capsulorrhaphy...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034152/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-articular-eminence-pneumatization-a-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-study
#11
Leila Khojastepour, Maryam Paknahad, Vida Abdalipur, Majid Paknahad
Purpose: The temporal bone represents a variety of pneumatization patterns with clinical significance for planning surgical procedures in this area. The purpose of the present study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of the glenoid fossa and articular eminence pneumatization and to classify the pattern of pneumatization using CBCT images. Methods: CBCT images of 327 patients (654 temporal bones) were evaluated to determine pneumatized articular eminence prevalence and characteristics...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034151/efficacy-of-the-retroparotid-trans-masseteric-approach-via-retromandibular-incision-in-orif-of-subcondylar-fractures-our-institution-experience
#12
Kapil Tomar
Background: Fractures of the mandible subcondyle have always presented a challenge to the maxillofacial surgeon, with a myriad of treatment options existing ranging from conservative management to open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) to condylotomy. The complex anatomy of the region poses a challenge, with injury to the facial nerve branches being the primary concern. Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy of a modified retromandibular approach, with retroparotid trans-masseteric dissection for ORIF of subcondylar fractures...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034150/epidemiology-microbiology-and-antibiotic-sensitivity-of-odontogenic-space-infections-in-central-india
#13
Neelam Shakya, Divashree Sharma, Vilas Newaskar, Deepak Agrawal, Sanket Shrivastava, Rashi Yadav
Introduction: Odontogenic infections are the most commonly encountered orofacial infections, which may spread into the adjacent anatomical spaces along the contiguous fascial planes, leading to involvement of multiple spaces which can progress to life-threatening situations. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was carried out on 100 consecutive cases of odontogenic infections treated at our institute over a period of 18 months by surgical intervention and intravenous antibiotics...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034149/reconstruction-of-large-calvarial-defects-using-titanium-mesh-versus-autologous-split-thickness-calvarial-bone-grafts-a-comprehensive-comparative-evaluation-of-the-two-major-cranioplasty-techniques
#14
Colonel Priya Jeyaraj
Background: Both alloplastic 3-D dynamic titanium mesh implants and Autogenous split calvarial cortico-cancellous bone grafts have been extensively used for cranial defect reconstruction. Whether either method is procedurally, cosmetically or therapeutically superior to the other, has rarely been studied or evaluated. Aim: The aim of the study was to objectively examine, assess, evaluate and compare the procedural ease, convenience, safety and versatility of cranioplasty performed using titanium mesh implants versus split calvarial grafts and to compare the intra- and post-operative complications encountered, and the cosmetic and therapeutic outcomes achieved using these two cranioplasty techniques...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034148/comparison-of-frontozygomatic-versus-sigmoid-notch-approach-for-extraoral-maxillary-nerve-block-anesthesia-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#15
Kiran Radder, Ashwin Shah, Chaitanya Kothari, Girish Giraddi, Dinesh Sharma, Ranganath Nayak
Background: With definitive indications, extraoral techniques of achieving regional nerve blocks are a boon to oral and maxillofacial surgical practice. Though less commonly practiced, since general anesthesia is more favored, certain medical conditions favor the use of regional nerve blocks over general anesthesia. To block the maxillary nerve extraorally, sigmoid notch approach and frontozygomatic approach have been previously described in the literature, but a clinical trial comparing these techniques is sparse...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034147/subcranial-le-fort-iii-advancement-with-equine-derived-bone-grafts-to-correct-syndromic-midfacial-hypoplasia-a-case-report
#16
Beniamino Mattioli, Paolo Iacoviello, Carola Aldiano, Giuseppe Verrina
Patients with hypoplasia of the midface normally present a flattening of their facial profile due to insufficient development of the nose and maxilla. Treatment aimed to restore function and an aesthetic appearance calls for a Le Fort III osteotomy and the advancement of the midfacial segment either through distraction or interposition of autogenous bone blocks. However, drawbacks in using autogenous bone suggest that use of alternative graft material may be advisable. The present report describes a Le Fort III advancement using two enzyme-treated equine cancellous bone blocks to correct syndromic midfacial hypoplasia in a 22-year-old patient...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034146/lateral-bone-window-approach-with-micross-mini-bone-scraper-for-sinus-floor-elevation
#17
Noriaki Aoki, Junichi Baba, Toshinori Iwai, Iwai Tohnai
Objective: The purpose of this article is to describe a technique with a mini bone scraper for lateral bone window approach and simultaneous bone harvesting during sinus floor elevation. Methods: This study included five consecutive patients with the atrophic posterior maxilla. After elevation of mucoperiosteal flap, a bone window was then opened safely using a Micross Mini Bone Scraper® with small shape and easy handling. Data were recorded on the residual alveolar bone height, number of implants, site of implant placement, collected particulate bone volume, and bone harvesting time...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034145/tension-pneumocephalus-a-rare-complication-of-craniofacial-fracture-report-and-review
#18
N K Sahoo, N Mohan Rangan, Harish Bajaj, Rahul Kumar
The term tension pneumocephalus (TP) means raised intracranial pressure due to air in the cranial cavity. This presentation is a rare case report and review on TP. Decompressing this raising intracranial pressure is a surgical emergency. Therefore, this presentation emphasises the importance of timely identification and management of TP in saving life. In this case, the acute signs of raising intracranial pressure were identified and promptly addressed surgically along with the maxillofacial injury management...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034144/melanoma-metastatic-to-the-mandible-symptoms-precede-imaging-findings
#19
Anthony Noor, Andrew Cheng, Paul Sambrook, Alastair Goss
Background: Malignant melanoma is an aggressive and unpredictable cancer with the propensity for widespread metastasis. Whilst metastatic spread to the axial skeleton is relatively common, metastasis to the jaws is rarely reported and the optimal approach to investigation and management is yet to be defined. Case presentation: A 58-year-old woman presented with dental pain, swelling and mental neuropathy on a background of an excised cutaneous melanoma. Early radiological investigations showed non-specific osteolysis despite strong clinical findings...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30034143/transport-distraction-osteogenesis-in-reconstruction-of-condyle-use-of-a-3d-model-for-vector-planning
#20
Aditya Mohan Alwala, Shravan Kumar Kasireddy, Bhargav Nalamolu, Santhosh Kumar Malyala
Introduction: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a complex joint, and it allows bilateral synchronous rotatory and translatory movements. TMJ reconstruction has evolved as an important step in the management of conditions affecting the TMJ like ankylosis, traumatic injuries and congenital deformities. Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is a biological process of forming new bone and adjacent soft tissues by gradual and controlled traction applied on osteotomized bone segments. Case report: Here is a case report of bilateral TMJ ankylosis which was managed effectively by resection of ankylotic mass and reconstruction of TMJ by transport distraction osteogenesis with preoperative vector planning using a 3D printed model...
September 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
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