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Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery

Yasemin Benderli Cihan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Peter McAllister, Melanie Watson, Ezra Burke
Introduction: Technological advances in 3D printing can dramatically improve orthognathic surgical planning workflow. Custom positioning and cutting guides enable intraoperative reproduction of pre-planned osteotomy cuts and can result in greater surgical accuracy and patient safety. Objectives: This short paper describes the use of freeware (some with open-source) combined with in-house 3D printing facilities to produce reliable, affordable osteotomy cutting guides...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Santhosh Rao, Sruthi Rao, Pinky Lalwani
In case of displaced condylar fractures, ideal reduction during open reduction and internal fixation poses a challenge to the surgeon. This article describes a simple technique to aid reduction with the use of a screw and wire during open treatment.
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Anshul Rai, Manal M Khan
Intermaxillary fixation (IMF) is required before plating to achieve premorbid relationship of mandibular and maxillary teeth. We recommended the use of single wire for achieving IMF using 24 gauze stainless steel wire, which is an easy, fast, economical and minimally invasive technique.
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Priya Jeyaraj
Introduction: There has been a changing trend of treating temporomandibular joint subluxation, which range from conservative non-surgical measures to various soft and hard tissue surgical procedures aimed at either augmenting or restricting the condylar path. Aim: This study was aimed at comparing the efficacy of three major surgical treatment modalities: condylar obstruction creation, obstruction removal and anti-translatory procedures. Also, the location, anatomy and morphology of the TMJs pre- and post-surgery were evaluated and compared using radiographs, sagittal and 3-D Computed Tomographic scans...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Amit Dhawan, Prahlad Duggal, Ramandeep Singh Bhullar, Tejinder Kaur, Amneet Sandhu, Kirandeep Kaur
Aim: Primary ablative surgery followed by post-op radiotherapy (S-RT) remains the mainstay of treatment for stage III-stage IV oral carcinoma. A retrospective analysis of survival rates of advanced-stage OSCC patients treated with multimodal therapies (S-RT or combined chemoradiation) was performed to analyse the outcome for patient survival and whether addition of adjuvant chemotherapy (S-CRT) improves survival. Materials and Methods: Demographic, pathological, treatment and follow-up data of 128 patients were included in the study...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Mounzer Assad, Maysaa Alkhaled, Mohammed N Alhajj
Background: Oroantral fistula (OAF) is considered a frequent complication in dental practice. Many surgical techniques/methods have been proposed to close it. The aim of this study was to evaluate the auto-transplantation of upper third molar for closing OAF. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients participated in this study aged between 20 and 40 years old. The OAF was closed by auto-transplantation of upper third molar placed directly in the socket of the extracted tooth...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Faruk Öğütlü, İnci Karaca
Background: Endodontic treatment is usually indicated when teeth with periapical lesions are encountered. However, sometimes root canal treatment results in failure. In that case, one of the treatment choices is retreatment by an orthograde approach. Surgical endodontic therapy is also an alternative to preserve the tooth. Various techniques have been suggested in the literature which has more predictable results. The introduction of modern surgical techniques have enhanced the results of apical surgery procedures...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Darpan Bhargava, Shaji Thomas, Ankit Pandey
Purpose: The aim of the study is to compare the post reduction squealae of transmucosal miniplate fixation technique for stabilization of palatal fractures with intra-arch wiring technique. Materials and Method: This study was prospectively undertaken on 16 patients, dividing them into two treatment arms based on random sampling methodology (Group A & B). For patients in Group A, intra-arch wire stabilization technique and in Group B trans-mucosal miniplate stabilization technique was used...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Benjamin Beger, Friederike von Loewenich, Elisabeth Goetze, Maximilian Moergel, Christian Walter
Medical leeches ( Hirudo medicinalis ) in plastic and reconstructive surgery are often used for the treatment of vascular failure after microvascular surgery. Leeches are a reservoir for bacteria of the Aeromonas group that help digesting the blood meal. In some cases these bacteria are able to cause severe wound infections that can lead to loss of tissue transplants. We report about a patient with a common microvascular forearm flap after resection of an oral squamous cell carcinoma which got infected by Aeromonas spp...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Nikhil M Kurien, L K Surej Kumar, P Varun Menon, Asha Sarah Jacob
A mucous cyst is a lesion which can show a wide range of symptoms but is benign and most of them can even appear several months or even years after nasal surgeries. Size of the displaced epithelial fragment is a crucial factor for the development of the mucous cyst. Complete resection of the mucous cyst is the ideal treatment. Surfing through the literature we came across 18 cases of mucous cyst formation following nasal surgery. Here we describe a mucous cyst which had resulted from a rhinoplasty procedure the patient had undergone earlier in her life...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
R Keerthi, Abhishek Dutta, Shruthi Agarwal, Vikram Kani, Abhishek Khatua
The high rate of mortality associated with cancer is due to its inherent nature to metastasize. Perineural invasion (PNI) is a relatively rare mode of metastasis, and a distinct pathologic entity that can be observed in the absence of lymphatic or vascular invasion which is still shrouded by mystery. PNI is a marker of poor prognosis. Despite increasing recognition of this metastatic process, there has been little progress in the understanding of mechanisms behind PNI. The purpose of this article is to make surgeons aware of caudad to cephalad metastasis of oral cancer along trigeminal nerve...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
K Rajkumar, S K Roy Chowdhury, Ramen Sinha
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of orthodontic mini-screws as a modified suture anchor for disc repositioning in cases of internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint. Patients and Methods: A prospective evaluation of ten patients was undertaken for a period of 6 months using this modified approach from Jan 2014 to Jun 2016. Symptomatic patients with clinical and MRI features suggestive of internal derangement of TMJ and willing to undergo surgical repositioning of articular disc to alleviate symptoms of temporomandibular dysfunction were taken up for the study...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Shashank Hiwarkar, Rajesh Kshirsagar, Vikram Singh, Amod Patankar, Sanjay Chandan, Mukund Rathod, Ajay Mohite
Purpose: The purpose of this prospective randomized single blinded split mouth study was to conduct a comparative evaluation of the efficacy of intranasal atomised spray formulation of Dexmedetomidine with Midazolam in patients undergoing surgical removal of bilaterally impacted mandibular third molars. Methods: This prospective study was conducted in twenty volunteers. Each volunteer underwent the surgical removal of an impacted mandibular third molar at two separate appointments at an interval of two weeks...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Arvind Krishnamurthy, Ravishankar Palaniappan
Background: Osteosarcomas of head and neck region have unique biology and exhibit a clinical behavior and natural history that is distinct from osteosarcomas of the trunk and extremities. Our understanding of this malignant bone tumor is largely based on data from single institutions or compiled from registries, and hence the clinical practice guidelines seem confusing and conflicting. Aims and Objectives: To analyze the demographic profile, disease characteristics and survival outcomes of osteosarcoma of head and neck region...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Kai H Lee, Jason Chua
Background: Injuries sustained to the maxillofacial region can result in significant physical trauma and long lasting psychosocial impairment. Maxillofacial trauma has been reported in literature to be a potentially recurrent disease. Patients who suffer maxillofacial trauma can benefit from psychological support. Aim: This study aims to identify maxillofacial trauma patient characteristics, investigate maxillofacial re-injury rate after provision of psychological support and report incidence of post traumatic stress disorder symptoms after maxillofacial trauma...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Nootan Kumar Shukla, S V Suryanarayana Deo, Ashish Jakhetiya, Manjunath Nml, Vishnubhatla Sreenivas, Sanjay Thulkar, Suman Bhasker, Atul Sharma
Aims and Objectives: Oral cancer is one of the most common cancers in Indian subcontinent with alveobuccal complex as most common cancer sub site. Cancers of Alveobuccal complex provides maximum challenge and management guidelines are not clear. The aim of the present study is to provide comprehensive demographic, clinical and treatment outcome data of alveobuccal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients treated at a tertiary care cancer center in North India. Materials and Methods: An analysis of prospectively maintained database in department of surgical oncology at Dr BRA-IRCH, AIIMS, Delhi, India was performed...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Anisha Perepa, Ramen Sinha, Anmol Agarwal, Tahseen Ali Khan
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the necessity and/or effectiveness of antibiotics in cases with maxillofacial trauma and emphasise the administration of antibiotics in maxillofacial fractures indicated for open reduction and rigid internal fixation (ORIF). Materials and Methods: This study is a single blind, prospective, randomized clinical trial composed of subjects who presented with non-comminuted, linear fractures of the mandible and were treated by ORIF via an intraoral approach...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
Jannice de Queiroz Fernandes, Valthierre Nunes de Lima, João Paulo Bonardi, Osvaldo Magro Filho, Sormani Bento Fernandes Queiroz
Aim: The aim of this work was to perform a systematic literature review on the clinical application of rhBMP-2 in bone reconstruction prior to placing implants. Materials and Methods: A PUBMED search was made about the subject and nine clinical trials were selected according to strict inclusion criteria. Results: Overall success rates of bone regeneration with rhBMP-2 was 81.4% and success of implants placed was 87.4%. Most frequent adverse events were pain, edema and erythema...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
S C Nair
Vascular anomalies of the head and neck region are a complex group of lesions that challenge the head and neck physicians. From the very understanding of the difference between its two distinct forms, hemangiomas and vascular malformations to its management remain confusing. The review of this anomaly attempts at comprehensively understanding the disease. Vascular anomalies are easily diagnosed by their clinical presentation, but choice of imaging and management for this spectrum of lesions is varied. The author attempts to categorize the required imaging for the lesion with suggestions on the management of both hemangiomas and vascular malformations...
March 2018: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
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