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Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708237/correction-to-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-mini-low-carbohydrate-diet-and-an-energy-controlled-diet-among-japanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#1
Masayo Kimura, Yoshinobu Kondo, Kazutaka Aoki, Jun Shirakawa, Hiroshi Kamiyama, Kazunari Kamiko, Shigeru Nakajima, Yasuo Terauchi
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.14740/jocmr3281w.].
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707096/dissecting-vertebral-artery-aneurysm-presenting-regrowth-after-stent-assisted-coil-embolization-in-acute-stage
#2
Takamichi Hijikata, Eiichi Baba, Kazutaka Shirokane, Atsushi Tsuchiya, Motohiro Nomura
For a case of dissecting vertebral artery aneurysm (DVAA) in a dominant vertebral artery (VA) or posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA)-involving lesion, stent-assisted coil embolization (SACE) is an effective technique to preserve blood flow of the VA. A 41-year-old man presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Angiography demonstrated DVAA on the left VA just distal to the PICA, and the right VA was thinner than the left. For this case, SACE was performed to preserve the left VA and PICA. On the 10th day, angiography showed recurrence of the dissection...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707095/a-case-of-a-reversible-neurologic-adverse-reaction-to-apixaban-confirmed-by-re-challenge
#3
James A Josyln, Furqan H Khattak, Stephen A Geraci
Post-marketing reporting of adverse drug events is essential for new medications, as pre-FDA approval studies lack sufficient subject numbers to detect signals for rare events. Prescriptions for the novel oral anticoagulant factor Xa inhibitors (rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban) have equaled or exceeded those for vitamin K antagonists in many clinical settings requiring chronic anticoagulation, and those of injectable heparins for deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis. We report the case of a 60-year-old woman followed for permanent atrial fibrillation who was prescribed apixaban...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707094/depressed-women-of-low-socioeconomic-status-have-high-numbers-of-physician-visits-in-the-year-before-pregnancy-implications-for-care
#4
Jenny Fairthorne, Gillian E Hanley, Tim F Oberlander
Background: There is a higher prevalence of depression in women of low socioeconomic status (SES) than other women. Further, previous depression is the best predictor of future depression. Therefore, due to the negative effects of maternal depression on the fetus and subsequent child, particularly in combination with low SES, depression is ideally treated before pregnancy. During the year before pregnancy and by SES, we aimed to assess the odds of a physician visit associated with maternal depression and the mean number of physician visits in women by depressive status...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707093/pulsed-radiofrequency-as-a-minimally-invasive-treatment-option-in-anterior-cutaneous-nerve-entrapment-syndrome-a-retrospective-analysis-of-26-patients
#5
Robbert C Maatman, Monique A H Steegers, Jan-Willem Kallewaard, Marc R M Scheltinga, Rudi M H Roumen
Background: Chronic abdominal pain is occasionally due to entrapped intercostal nerve endings (ACNES, abdominal cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome). If abdominal wall infiltration using an anesthetic agent is unsuccessful, a neurectomy may be considered. Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) is a relatively new treatment option for various chronic pain syndromes. Evidence regarding a beneficial effect of this minimally invasive technique in ACNES is lacking. The aim was to assess the effectiveness of PRF treatment in ACNES patients...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707092/improved-outcomes-associated-with-the-use-of-intravenous-acetaminophen-for-management-of-acute-post-surgical-pain-in-cesarean-sections-and-hysterectomies
#6
Richard D Urman, Elaine A Boing, An T Pham, Victor Khangulov, Randi Fain, Brian H Nathanson, Xuan Zhang, George J Wan, Belinda Lovelace, Jessica Cirillo
Background: Post-surgical pain impacts many patient outcomes. Effective pain management increasingly relies on multimodal analgesia regimens in which acetaminophen (APAP) is a key component. The aim of our study was to examine the impact of oral APAP versus intravenous (IV) APAP as a component of post-surgical pain management after Cesarean sections and hysterectomies. Methods: A retrospective analysis of the Cerner HealthFacts® database (from January, 2011 to December, 2015) was conducted to compare outcomes of Cesarean section and hysterectomy surgery patients who received oral APAP to those who received IV APAP post-surgically...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707091/sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-reduce-prandial-insulin-doses-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-treated-with-the-intensive-insulin-therapy
#7
Mariko Hakoshima, Hidekatsu Yanai, Kouki Kakuta, Hiroki Adachi
Background: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) are anti-diabetic drugs which improve blood glucose control by blocking reabsorption of glucose from the proximal tubule of kidney. Anti-atherosclerotic properties and cardiovascular protective effects of SGLT2i have been demonstrated by recent studies; however, the efficacy and safety of addition of SGLT2i to the intensive insulin therapy remain largely unknown. Methods: We retrospectively picked up patients hospitalized for treatment of type 2 diabetes, who had been treated by the intensive insulin therapy and whose treatment using by SGLT2i started during their hospitalization...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707090/recurrence-is-associated-with-body-mass-index-in-patients-undergoing-a-single-level-lumbar-disc-herniation-surgery
#8
George Fotakopoulos, Demosthenes Makris, Polikceni Kotlia, Christos Tzerefos, Kostas Fountas
Background: The aim of the study was to assess the body mass index (BMI) and other risk factors associated with lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and clinical outcomes, in patients who undergo surgery for single-level LDH. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study, affecting patients that underwent surgery for single-level LDH attending our hospital between July 2009 and January 2016. The mean follow-up period was 3.5 years (1 - 8 years). To maintain adequately sized groups for analysis, level L2-L3 and L3-L4 herniations were grouped as upper disc levels (group A) and level L4-L5 (group B) and L5-S1 (group C) herniations were analyzed individually...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707089/smoking-cessation-ameliorates-microalbuminuria-with-reduction-of-blood-pressure-and-pulse-rate-in-patients-with-already-diagnosed-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Kunio Hieshima, Tomoko Suzuki, Seigo Sugiyama, Noboru Kurinami, Akira Yoshida, Fumio Miyamoto, Keizo Kajiwara, Tomio Jinnouchi, Hideaki Jinnouchi
Background: Smoking cessation in newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients is reported to be associated with amelioration of metabolic parameters and blood pressure (BP), and the reduction of microalbuminuria. The aim of this study is to demonstrate changes in BP, pulse rate (PR), and microalbuminuria in already diagnosed diabetes patients who quit smoking. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated diabetes outpatients who were habitual smokers, and who visited to our smoking cessation clinic...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707088/impact-of-dapagliflozin-therapy-on-renal-protection-and-kidney-morphology-in-patients-with-uncontrolled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Seigo Sugiyama, Hideaki Jinnouchi, Noboru Kurinami, Kunio Hieshima, Akira Yoshida, Katsunori Jinnouchi, Motoko Tanaka, Hiroyuki Nishimura, Tomoko Suzuki, Fumio Miyamoto, Keizo Kajiwara, Tomio Jinnouchi
Background: We examined whether the sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) dapagliflozin can improve urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) associated with a reduction in body weight or body fat in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: We prospectively recruited T2DM patients having inadequate glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) > 7.0%) not on SGLT2i therapy. We treated the patients with add-on dapagliflozin treatment or intensification of non-SGLT2 inhibitor therapies for 6 months...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707087/elevated-neutrophil-gelatinase-lipocalin-levels-are-associated-with-increased-oxidative-stress-in-hemodialysis-patients
#11
Adam Nevo, Zaher Armaly, Amir Abd El Kadir, Amos Douvdevani, David Tovbin
Background: Administration of intravenous iron is an essential treatment of anemia in hemodialysis patients, but it may lead to oxidative stress and increased morbidity and mortality. There is evidence that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is protective against oxidative stress and thus the aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between plasma NGAL and advanced oxidative protein products (AOPP) in hemodialysis patients treated with intravenous iron...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707086/epigenetics-of-metabolic-syndrome-as-a-mood-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Sermin Kesebir
Mood disorders comprise major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder (BD) and the milder forms of these two disorders. Reccurring MDD is also known as unipolar disorder. The distinction between unipolar and bipolar disorders was first suggested in 1957 by Leonard and was made official after support by several studies in 1980. Indeed, in 150 AD, Aretaeus of Cappadocia wrote "It seems to me that melancholia is the beginning and a part of mania". Additionally, Kraepelin, who proposed the first medical disease model in psychiatry a century ago, considered recurrent unipolar depression cases under the category of bipolar disorder and conceptualized spectrum disorders...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581808/standardized-reporting-system-use-during-handoffs-reduces-patient-length-of-stay-in-the-emergency-department
#13
Robert T Dahlquist, Karina Reyner, Richard D Robinson, Ali Farzad, Jessica Laureano-Phillips, John S Garrett, Joseph M Young, Nestor R Zenarosa, Hao Wang
Background: Emergency department (ED) shift handoffs are potential sources of delay in care. We aimed to determine the impact that using standardized reporting tool and process may have on throughput metrics for patients undergoing a transition of care at shift change. Methods: We performed a prospective, pre- and post-intervention quality improvement study from September 1 to November 30, 2015. A handoff procedure intervention, including a mandatory workshop and personnel training on a standard reporting system template, was implemented...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581807/the-prevalence-and-implication-of-zinc-deficiency-in-patients-with-chronic-liver-disease
#14
Kazuhiro Katayama, Takumi Kawaguchi, Koichi Shiraishi, Toshifumi Ito, Kazutomo Suzuki, Chizu Koreeda, Takaaki Ohtake, Motoh Iwasa, Yoshio Tokumoto, Ryujin Endo, Naohiro Kawamura, Makoto Shiraki, Tatsunori Hanai, Daiki Habu, Satoru Tsuruta, Hironori Sakai, Yoshiyuki Miwa, Norifumi Kawada, Akinobu Kato, Yoshiyuki Takei, Tetsuya Mine, Yutaka Kohgo, Toshihito Seki, Michio Sata, Yuri Ito, Keisuke Fukui, Shuhei Nishiguchi, Hisataka Moriwaki, Kazuyuki Suzuki
Background: Patients with liver cirrhosis often exhibit zinc deficiency. Although zinc is involved in many bioactivities, many aspects of clinical implications of zinc deficiency in liver cirrhosis remain unclear. We aimed to reveal the prevalence and implications of zinc deficiency in liver cirrhosis by assessing associations with parameters such as clinical symptoms and laboratory data. Methods: In 235 cirrhosis patients enrolled at multiple medical institutions in 2009, we assessed how blood zinc levels were associated with their clinical symptoms, patients characteristics, and liver function test results...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581806/accuracy-of-three-dimensional-planning-in-surgery-first-orthognathic-surgery-planning-versus-outcome
#15
Ngoc Hieu Tran, Syrina Tantidhnazet, Somchart Raocharernporn, Sirichai Kiattavornchareon, Verasak Pairuchvej, Natthamet Wongsirichat
Background: The benefit of computer-assisted planning in orthognathic surgery (OGS) has been extensively documented over the last decade. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) virtual planning in surgery-first OGS. Methods: Fifteen patients with skeletal class III malocclusion who underwent bimaxillary OGS with surgery-first approach were included. A composite skull model was reconstructed using data from cone-beam computed tomography and stereolithography from a scanned dental cast...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581805/the-role-of-urinary-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin-in-predicting-acute-kidney-dysfunction-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#16
Abdulrahman A Aljumah, Hani Tamim, Mohamed Saeed, Waleed Tamimi, Hanan Alfawaz, Salem Al Qurashi, Abdulaziz Al Dawood, Abdulla Al Sayyari
Background: Early detection of acute kidney dysfunction (AKD) in cirrhotic patients is crucial. Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) has been identified as an early marker of AKD. The aim of the study was to evaluate serial uNGAL as a marker and predictor of AKD in liver cirrhosis patients. Methods: Serial uNGAL and serum creatinine (sCr) levels were measured daily during the first 6 days of admission. Furthermore, sCr levels and the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were measured after 3 - 6 weeks...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581804/anxiety-and-depression-among-adult-patients-with-diabetic-foot-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#17
Ali Ahmad, Mousa Abujbara, Hashem Jaddou, Nidal A Younes, Kamel Ajlouni
Background: Diabetic foot is a frequent complication of diabetes mellitus with subsequent disturbances in the daily life of the patients. The co-existence of depression and anxiety among diabetic foot patients is a common phenomenon and the role of each of them in perpetuating the other is highlighted in the literature. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence rates of anxiety and depression, and to examine the associated risk factors among diabetic foot patients. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581803/effects-of-a-low-advanced-glycation-end-products-diet-on-insulin-levels-the-feasibility-of-a-crossover-comparison-test
#18
Shin Sukino, Shinsuke Nirengi, Yaeko Kawaguchi, Kazuhiko Kotani, Kokoro Tsuzaki, Hiroshi Okada, Akiko Suganuma, Naoki Sakane
Background: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are associated with diabetes mellitus. Digested food-derived AGEs have been implicated in the pathogenesis of AGE-related disorders, and restricting diet-derived AGEs improves insulin resistance in animal models. The AGE content in foods changes according to cooking method, and it is higher in baked or oven-fried foods than in those prepared by steaming or simmering. Here, we examined the feasibility of crossover comparison tests for determining how different cooking methods (normal diet vs...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581802/fecal-calprotectin-a-comparison-of-two-commercial-enzymoimmunoassays-and-study-of-fecal-extract-stability-at-room-temperature
#19
Delia Acevedo, Maria Pilar Salvador, Javier Girbes, Nuria Estan
Background: The aims of the study were: 1) to compare the fecal calprotectin (fCal) assay results with Calprolab™ ELISA (HRP) (Calpro AS) versus our routine method, Elia™ fluoroenzymoimmunoassay (Thermo Fisher), and 2) to determine whether the fCal assay results do not vary following storage of the extract at room temperature for 4 days with the Calpro AS buffer, this being the estimated shipment time from the home of the patient, and an aspect little studied to date. Methods: The fCal was determined in 198 patients divided into three groups: inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), organic intestinal disease, and functional intestinal disorders...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581801/sidestream-dark-field-imaging-of-the-microcirculation-to-assess-preeclampsia-microvascular-dysfunction
#20
Amelie Pelland, Ronald B George, Christian Lehmann, Jillian Coolen
Background: Development of predictive models of preeclampsia has only yielded modest results. We hypothesized that impaired indices of microcirculatory function could be detected using sidestream dark field imaging. The objective of this study was to examine microvascular function in women at high risk for preeclampsia at mid-gestation. Methods: Women between 16 and 22 weeks of gestation were screened for eligibility. Patients were recruited if they met eligibility criteria indicating high risk for preeclampsia...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
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