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Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829779/retraction-combination-restoration-in-full-mouth-rehabilitation
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. S288 in vol. 7, PMID: 26015735.].
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829778/unusal-canal-configuration-in-maxillary-and-mandibular-second-molars
#2
Ramachandran Ragunathan, A V Rajesh Ebenezar, Ajit George Mohan, S Anand
This clinical article describes three different case reports of maxillary and mandibular second molars with the unusual anatomy of single root with a single canal and their endodontic management. An unusual case of bilateralism is observed in the first two cases in the form of single-rooted second mandibular molars in both the quadrant of the same patient. The presence of maxillary second molar with single root and single canal in the third case is unusual.
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829777/aggressive-nasopalatine-duct-cyst-with-complete-destruction-of-palatine-bone
#3
D Sankar, Veerabahu Muthusubramanian, J A Nathan, Ravi Sankar Nutalapati, Yasmin Mary Jose, Y Naren Kumar
Nasopalatine duct cyst is the nonodontogenic developmental cyst, frequently occurring in the midline of the anterior maxillary region. The clinical presentation of the cyst is often varied and presents a diagnostic difficulty and frequently misdiagnosed as developmental or inflammatory odontogenic cystic lesion. This paper represents a large infected nasopalatine duct cyst presenting with complete destruction of anterior palate and pyriform rim.
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829776/massive-expanding-hematoma-of-the-chin-following-blunt-trauma
#4
K Thanvir Mohamed Niazi, Dharmesh Kumar Raja, R Prakash, V R Balaji, D Manikandan, G Ulaganathan, R Yoganandha
Posttraumatic hematoma of the face is common and usually self-limiting in nature. We report an unusual massive expanding hematoma of the chin within 9 h following a blunt trauma with no associated injuries or fracture.
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829775/ellis-van-creveld-syndrome-in-siblings-a-rare-case-report
#5
Sabitha Gokulraj, N Mohan, J Babususai Raj, S Yasmeen Ahamed, C J Stephen Arokiaraj, A Cicilia Subbulakshmi
Ellis-Van Creveld syndrome or chondroectodermal dysplasia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder presenting several skeletal manifestations and congenital heart malformations. Ellis-Van Creveld syndrome comprises of a tetrad of clinical manifestations of chondrodysplasia, polydactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, and cardiac defects. Here, we are presenting a very rare case of Ellis-Van Creveld syndrome in siblings.
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829774/difficulties-encountered-in-preauricular-approach-over-retromandibular-approach-in-condylar-fracture
#6
Perumal Jayavelu, R Riaz, A R Tariq Salam, B Saravanan, R Karthick
Fracture of mandible can be classified according to its anatomical location, in which condylar fracture is the most common one overall and is missed on clinical examination. Due to the unique geometry of the mandible and temporomandibular joint, without treatment the fractures can result in marked pain, dysfunction, and deformity. The condylar fracture may be further classified depending on the sides involved: unilateral/bilateral, depending on the height of fracture: intracapsular (within the head of condyle), extracapsular - head and neck (high condyle fracture), and subcondylar (low condyle fracture), and depending on displacement: nondisplaced, displaced (anteromedially, medially, and lateral), and dislocated...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829773/rehabilitation-of-complicated-crown-root-fracture-by-invisible-approach
#7
V Leela Rani, S Rajalingam, R Hemalatha, J Jananee
Dental trauma is one of the most common and significant problems met in all dental offices almost every day. In particular, injury to the anterior teeth is more vulnerable as it may affect the psychosocial behavior, severe emotional complications can occur leading to disturbances in their mental attitude. Cosmetic (lingual) orthodontics is the recent development in the field of dentistry in the last few decades. Patients are more concerned about their appearance during the treatment and are affected by psychosocial issues because of labially placed brackets, thus leading to the evolution of lingual orthodontic appliances...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829772/mucocele-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#8
Maruthamuthu Karthikeyan, Alex K Varghese, Govindarajan Vasupradha, Jayapal Dinakaran
Oral mucocele is the most common benign lesion of minor salivary gland caused due to any form of mechanical trauma to the excretory duct of the gland. It is of two types - mucous extravasation phenomenon and mucous retention type. Extravasation type is more common. Here, we report a case of a 65-year-old male patient with a complaint of painful swelling in the lower lip for 1 month with a history of trauma in the lower lip. It was clinically diagnosed as traumatic fibroma, and an excisional biopsy was done...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829771/large-radiopaque-lesion-in-the-posterior-mandible-a-challenging-case
#9
B Sasirekha, Philips Mathew, M Ganeshkumar, Ravi David Austin, Raj Prabhu
Radiopaque lesions of the jawbones are frequently encountered in dental radiographs. A variety of conditions such as chronic inflammation, soft tissue calcifications, fibrosseous lesions, odontogenic tumors, and bone neoplasms can manifest as radiopaque lesions on the jawbones. These radiopaque lesions are often difficult to distinguish from each other, hence making the formulation of differential diagnosis challenging. A thorough patient's history and clinical examination supplemented by appropriate investigations will enable the clinician in narrowing down the differential diagnosis and to identify the condition accurately...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829770/case-reports-and-clinical-guidelines-for-managing-radix-entomolaris
#10
Bejoy J Thomas, A Nishad, Benin Paulaian, Jonathan Emil Sam
Knowledge about the external and internal anatomy of the tooth is essential for successful dental practice. Anomalies in the tooth are often encountered which poses difficulties in dental treatments. As like any other tooth, mandibular first molars are also prone for anatomic malformations. One such anatomic variation is the presence of extra root distolingually. This distolingual root is called radix entomolaris (RE). The presence of an additional root can lead to difficulties during endodontic therapy. This article is a report of two cases describing the management of the first mandibular molars with an RE and clinical guidelines for its management...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829769/comparative-evaluation-of-shear-bond-strength-of-two-different-chairside-soft-liners-to-heat-processed-acrylic-denture-base-resin-an-in-vitro-study
#11
N Rajaganesh, S Sabarinathan, N S Azhagarasan, Chitra Shankar, Jaya Krishnakumar, S Swathi
BACKGROUND: Chairside softliners are used more frequently than is reported and studies regarding the bond strength of chairside softliners to heat-polymerized denture base resin are few and limited. Hence, this study was conducted to comparatively evaluate the shear bond strength of two chairside soft relining materials viz., autopolymerizing plasticized acrylic resin liner and a silicone-based liner bonded to heat polymerized polymethyl methacrylate denture base resin and to analyze the mode of interfacial bond failure...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829768/a-computed-tomography-study-in-the-location-of-greater-palatine-artery-in-south-indian-population-for-maxillary-osteotomy
#12
I Packiaraj, K Retnakumar, G Sai Anusuya, M Aarti Rajambigai, M Baskaran, Vimal Joseph Devadoss
INTRODUCTION: The greater palatine artery is one of the important feeding vessel to the maxilla. The surgeon should know the surgical anatomy of greater palatine artery to avoid trauma in maxilla which leads to ischemic problems. AIM: The CT evaluation of the distance between Pyriform aperture and the greater palatine foramen in various ages of both sexes. RESULT: The distance varies according to sex and age which are measured by CT and standardised...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829767/correlation-of-serum-levo-fucose-levels-as-a-biomarker-with-tumor-node-metastasis-staging-in-oral-cancer-patients
#13
P Redwin Dhas Manchil, E Tatu Joy, M Shashi Kiran, J Eugenia Sherubin, M Farakath Khan, B S Aravind
BACKGROUND: oral cancer is a result of disordered cellular behavior initiated by various stimuli which is characterized by the alteration of serum glycoproteins consisting of different monosaccharides. One of these is levo-fucose (L-fucose), a methyl pentose. Elevated levels of protein-bound fucose have been reported in various malignancies. AIM: The present study attempted to correlate levels of serum L-fucose as a biomarker with the various tumor node metastasis (TNM) stages of oral cancer...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829766/a-descriptive-study-on-awareness-about-oral-health-among-pediatric-practitioners-in-kanchipuram-district
#14
S Rajalingam, V Leela Rani
BACKGROUND: Pediatricians and other health-care providers could play an invaluable role in ensuring the maintenance of optimal preventive as well as curative dental health in children. This study was aimed at assessing the pediatrician's perspective on basic oral health care in children in Kanchipuram district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire survey was carried out among Pediatricians which covered various aspects of knowledge, attitude, and role of pediatricians in preventive dental care...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829765/comparative-study-on-the-tensile-bond-strength-and-marginal-fit-of-complete-veneer-cast-metal-crowns-using-various-luting-agents-an-in-vitro-study
#15
B Devi Parameswari, M Rajakumar, G Lambodaran, Shyam Sundar
INTRODUCTION: Several commercially available luting agents are used to cement the dental restorations such as intra-coronal, extra-coronal, and fixed partial dentures. Tensile bond strength (TBS) and accurate marginal fit are the essential factors to determine the good clinical results in fixed prosthesis. The retentivity of the luting cements is assessed by their adhesive capacity over the tooth surface and metal surface. Generally, the adhesive ability has been evaluated with in vitro testing, with tensile bond tests...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829764/chlorhexidine-varnish-implemented-treatment-strategy-for-chronic-periodontitis-a-clinical-and-microbial-study
#16
D Manikandan, V R Balaji, Tanvir Mohamad Niazi, G Rohini, B Karthikeyan, P Jesudoss
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the short-term clinical and microbiological effect of chlorhexidine varnish when used as an adjuvant to scaling and root planing in the treatment of chronic periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A split-mouth design was conducted in 11 patients suffering from chronic periodontitis. The control site underwent scaling and root planing, and the experimental site was additionally treated with chlorhexidine varnish application...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829763/comparative-evaluation-of-serum-and-salivary-immunoglobulin-g-and-a-levels-with-total-serum-protein-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-patients-a-case-control-study
#17
M Kandasamy, N Jaisanghar, Ravi David Austin, Kumar Chandan Srivastava, G Sai Anusuya, N Anisa
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to estimate and compare the serum and salivary immunoglobulin G and A (IgG, IgA) levels in various stages of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) patients and relate it to total serum protein (TSP) and hemoglobin (Hb) levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample for the present study comprised a total of 20 healthy controls, 20 OSMF patients. About 5 ml of blood and 2 ml of saliva were collected. Quantitative analysis of serum and salivary IgG, IgA was done by turbidometric immunoassay...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829762/-evaluation-of-safety-margin-in-ameloblastoma-of-the-mandible-by-surgical-radiological-and-histopathological-methods-an-evidence-based-study
#18
S Kalaiselvan, A V Dharmesh Kumar Raja, B Saravanan, A Srivel Vigneswari, Ramesh Srinivasan
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to elicit the amount of safety margin necessary around the ameloblastic lesion in view of preventing further recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study consisted of 25 cases of mandibular ameloblastoma. Diagnosis was based on clinical and radiological analysis and confirmed by histopathological report. An incisional biopsy was done preoperatively to confirm the diagnosis. Segmental resection was planned for all the cases...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829761/evaluation-of-oral-and-periodontal-status-of-leprosy-patients-in-dindigul-district
#19
S A Jacob Raja, J Johnson Raja, R Vijayashree, B Meena Priya, G Sai Anusuya, P Ravishankar
AIM: After the introduction of the multidrug therapy, the incidence of leprosy is decreasing every year. However, periodontal complaints are commonly seen in these patients due to compromised immunity and impaired oral hygiene. The aim of the present study is to assess the oral and periodontal status of the leprosy patients in Dindigul district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 62 patients treated in a leprosy center at Dindigul district. Among these, 22 (35...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829760/faulty-radiographs-a-cross-sectional-analysis-among-dental-college-students-in-namakkal-district-tamil-nadu-india
#20
S Elangovan, M Nazargi Mahabob, Suman Jaishankar, B Senthil Kumar, Deepika Rajendran
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the ability of taking and processing of intraoral periapical radiographs (IOPA) by the dental college undergraduate students and also to evaluate the impact of teaching on their skills. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in the OMRD department. Final year students (52) and interns (41) of 2014 were included in this study. In this 1 year study, 13104 IOPAs were taken and manually processed by these students. These radiographs were evaluated by two senior faculties of the department separately...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
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