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World Journal of Cardiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706592/inadvertent-cardiac-phlebography
#1
Konstantinos Aznaouridis, Constantina Masoura, Stylianos Kastellanos, Albert Alahmar
We are reporting a case of a 80-year-old lady with effort angina who underwent coronary angiography through the right radial artery, using a dedicated radial multipurpose 5 French Optitorque Tiger catheter. The catheter was advanced into the left ventricle and a left ventriculogram was obtained, while the catheter appeared optimally placed at the centre of the ventricle and the pressure waveform was normal. A large posterior interventricular vein draining into the right atrium was opacified, presumably because the catheter's end hole inadvertently cannulated an endocardial opening of a small thebesian vein, with subsequent retrograde filling of the epicardial vein...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706591/interferon-related-pericarditis-review
#2
Kazuaki Nishio, Tsutomu Arase, Hiroko Tada, Hideaki Tachibana
AIM: To conduct a review of "interferon related pericarditis". METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cinahl, and the Cochrane Database from the earliest available date through September 2016. A search strategy using the Medical Subject Headings and text keywords "interferon" and "pericarditis" were used. RESULTS: Nine case reports were eligible for the present study. Six of 8 cases were women and the mean age was 43.8 ± 13.8 years with chronic hepatitis C in 6 cases, malignant melanoma in 2 cases and chronic myelogenous leukemia in 1 case...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706590/entirely-subcutaneous-defibrillator-and-complex-congenital-heart-disease-data-on-long-term-clinical-follow-up
#3
Paolo Ferrero, Hussam Ali, Palash Barman, Sara Foresti, Pierpaolo Lupo, Emilia D'Elia, Riccardo Cappato, Alan Graham Stuart
AIM: To describe the long-term follow-up of patients with complex congenital heart disease who underwent subcutaneous implantable cardiac defibrillator (S-ICD), focusing on local complications, appropriate and inappropriate shocks. METHODS: Patients with complex congenital heart disease underwent S-ICD implant in two centers with the conventional technique. Data at follow-up were retrieved from clinical notes and institutional database. RESULTS: Eight patients were implanted in two centres between 2010 and 2016...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706589/catheter-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-facilitated-by-preprocedural-three-dimensional-transesophageal-echocardiography-long-term-outcome
#4
Klaus Kettering, Felix Gramley, Stephan von Bardeleben
AIM: To evaluate the long-term outcome of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) facilitated by preprocedural three-dimensional (3-D) transesophageal echocardiography. METHODS: In 50 patients, 3D transesophageal echocardiography (3D TEE) was performed immediately prior to an ablation procedure (paroxysmal AF: 30 patients, persistent AF: 20 patients). The images were available throughout the ablation procedure. Two different ablation strategies were used. In most of the patients with paroxysmal AF, the cryoablation technique was used (Arctic Front Balloon, CryoCath Technologies/Medtronic; group A2)...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706588/wearable-cardioverter-defibrillator-bridge-or-alternative-to-implantation
#5
REVIEW
Jeremie Barraud, Jennifer Cautela, Morgane Orabona, Johan Pinto, Olivier Missenard, Marc Laine, Franck Thuny, Franck Paganelli, Laurent Bonello, Michael Peyrol
The implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is effective to prevent sudden cardiac death (SCD) in selected patients with heart disease known to be at high risk for ventricular arrhythmia. Nevertheless, this invasive and definitive therapy is not indicated in patients with potentially transient or reversible causes of sudden death, or in patients with temporary contra-indication for ICD placement. The wearable cardioverter defibrillator (WCD) is increasingly used for SCD prevention both in patients awaiting ICD implantation or with an estimated high risk of ventricular arrhythmia though to be transient...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706587/management-of-ventricular-tachycardia-storm-in-patients-with-structural-heart-disease
#6
REVIEW
Daniele Muser, Pasquale Santangeli, Jackson J Liang
Electrical storm (ES) is a medical emergency characterized by repetitive episodes of sustained ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in a limited amount of time (at least 3 within a 24-h period) leading to repeated appropriate implantable cardioverter defibrillator therapies. The occurrence of ES represents a major turning point in the natural history of patients with structural heart disease being associated with poor short- and long-term survival particularly in those with compromised left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) that can develop hemodynamic decompensation and multi-organ failure...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706586/influence-of-cardiac-nerve-status-on-cardiovascular-regulation-and-cardioprotection
#7
REVIEW
John G Kingma, Denys Simard, Jacques R Rouleau
Neural elements of the intrinsic cardiac nervous system transduce sensory inputs from the heart, blood vessels and other organs to ensure adequate cardiac function on a beat-to-beat basis. This inter-organ crosstalk is critical for normal function of the heart and other organs; derangements within the nervous system hierarchy contribute to pathogenesis of organ dysfunction. The role of intact cardiac nerves in development of, as well as protection against, ischemic injury is of current interest since it may involve recruitment of intrinsic cardiac ganglia...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706585/atrial-tachyarrhythmia-in-adult-congenital-heart-disease
#8
REVIEW
Arsha Karbassi, Krishnakumar Nair, Louise Harris, Rachel M Wald, S Lucy Roche
The adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) population continues to grow and most cardiologists, emergency room physicians and family doctors will intermittently come into contact with these patients. Oftentimes this may be in the setting of a presentation with atrial tachyarrhythmia; one of the commonest late complications of ACHD and problem with potentially serious implications. Providing appropriate initial care and ongoing management of atrial tachyarrhythmia in ACHD patients requires a degree of specialist knowledge and an awareness of certain key issues...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706584/assessment-of-aortic-valve-disease-a-clinician-oriented-review
#9
REVIEW
Andrei D Mǎrgulescu
Aortic valve disease [aortic stenosis (AS) and aortic regurgitation (AR)] represents an important global health problem; when severe, aortic valve disease carries poor prognosis. For AS, aortic valve replacement, either surgical or interventional, may provide definite treatment in carefully selected patients. For AR, valve surgery (either replacement or - in selected cases - aortic valve repair) remains the gold standard of care. To properly identify those patients who are candidates for surgery, the clinician has to carefully assess the severity of valve disease with an understanding of the potential pitfalls involved in these assessments...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706583/cardiac-damage-in-athlete-s-heart-when-the-supernormal-heart-fails
#10
REVIEW
Andreina Carbone, Antonello D'Andrea, Lucia Riegler, Raffaella Scarafile, Enrica Pezzullo, Francesca Martone, Raffaella America, Biagio Liccardo, Maurizio Galderisi, Eduardo Bossone, Raffaele Calabrò
Intense exercise may cause heart remodeling to compensate increases in blood pressure or volume by increasing muscle mass. Cardiac changes do not involve only the left ventricle, but all heart chambers. Physiological cardiac modeling in athletes is associated with normal or enhanced cardiac function, but recent studies have documented decrements in left ventricular function during intense exercise and the release of cardiac markers of necrosis in athlete's blood of uncertain significance. Furthermore, cardiac remodeling may predispose athletes to heart disease and result in electrical remodeling, responsible for arrhythmias...
June 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603595/cough-induced-syncope-a-hint-to-cardiac-tamponade-diagnosis
#11
Roberto Ramirez, Glenmore Lasam
We report a case of a 75-year-old male with history of lung adenocarcinoma who presented with shortness of breath and frequent episodes of cough-induced syncope. A large pericardial effusion was found on echocardiogram suggestive of cardiac tamponade. Pericardiocentesis was done which improved the dyspnea and eventually resolved the syncope. There are only two other cases reported in the literature with cough-induced syncope in the setting of pericardial effusion or cardiac tamponade. Our clinical vignette also highlights the importance of pulsus paradoxus identification in patients with cough induced syncope to rule out cardiac tamponade since this is the most sensitive physical finding for its diagnosis...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603594/combined-assessment-of-myocardial-damage-and-electrical-disturbance-in-chronic-heart-failure
#12
Shinpei Kadowaki, Tetsu Watanabe, Yoichiro Otaki, Taro Narumi, Yuki Honda, Hiroki Takahashi, Takanori Arimoto, Tetsuro Shishido, Takuya Miyamoto, Isao Kubota
AIM: To investigate feasibility of combined assessment of biochemical and electrophysiological myocardial impairment markers risk-stratifying patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: Serum levels of heart-type fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) as a marker of ongoing myocardial damage and QRS duration on electrocardiogram were measured at admission in 322 consecutive patients with CHF. A prolonged QRS duration was defined as 120 ms or longer. The cut-off value for H-FABP level (4...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603593/markers-of-inflammation-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-recently-diagnosed-celiac-disease-patients
#13
Walter F Tetzlaff, Tomás Meroño, Martin Menafra, Maximiliano Martin, Eliana Botta, Maria D Matoso, Patricia Sorroche, Juan A De Paula, Laura E Boero, Fernando Brites
AIM: To evaluate novel risk factors and biomarkers of cardiovascular disease in celiac disease (CD) patients compared with healthy controls. METHODS: Twenty adult patients with recent diagnosis of CD and 20 sex, age and body mass index-matched healthy controls were recruited during a period of 12 mo. Indicators of carbohydrate metabolism, hematological parameters and high sensitive C reactive protein were determined. Moreover, lipoprotein metabolism was also explored through evaluation of the lipid profile and the activity of cholesteryl ester transfer protein and lipoprotein associated phospholipase A2, which is also considered a specific marker of vascular inflammation...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603592/jailing-polymer-jacketed-guide-wires-during-bifurcation-coronary-interventions-is-associated-with-procedural-myocardial-infarction
#14
Arka Chatterjee, Jeremy S White, Taimoor Hashim, Massoud A Leesar
AIM: To study the relationship of jailed polymer jacketed guide wires (PGW) with procedural myocardial infarction (PMI) after bifurcation coronary interventions. METHODS: Consecutive bifurcation interventions performed from January 2010 to October 2014 were included in the study. Chart review was performed to obtain demographic, clinical and procedural data. PMI was defined as Creatine Kinase MB > 3 × upper reference limit of normal. Multivariate logistic regression was used to ascertain relationship of PGW use with PMI...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603591/clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-octogenarians-presenting-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-the-australian-population
#15
Wei Liang Sim, Vivek Mutha, Muhammad Asrar Ul-Haq, Victoria Sasongko, William Van-Gaal
AIM: To investigate the characteristics and outcomes of octogenarians who presented with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) compared to non-octogenarians and to investigate the outcomes of octogenarians that received primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) compared to those managed conservatively. METHODS: We performed a single center retrospective case controlled study. All octogenarians who presented with STEMI to a tertiary referring hospital between 2007 and 2012 were included...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603590/antitachycardia-pacing-programming-in-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Elia De Maria, Daniele Giacopelli, Ambra Borghi, Letizia Modonesi, Stefano Cappelli
Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) programming involves several parameters. In recent years antitachycardia pacing (ATP) has gained an increasing importance in the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias, whether slow or fast. It reduces the number of unnecessary and inappropriate shocks and improves both patient's quality of life and device longevity. There is no clear indication regarding the type of ATP to be used, except for the treatment of fast ventricular tachycardias (188 bpm-250 bpm) where it has been shown a greater efficacy and safety of burst compared to ramp; 8 impulses in each sequence of ATP appears to be the best programming option in this setting...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603589/empirical-anticoagulation-for-patients-in-sinus-rhythm-at-high-risk-of-ischaemic-stroke-a-review-of-current-literature
#17
REVIEW
Irma Battipaglia, James O'Neill, Andrew J Hogarth, Muzahir H Tayebjee
Ischaemic stroke is one of the commonest causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide and around a fifth of events can be attributed to a cardioembolic source. This is typically due to atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia. However, AF can, at times, be difficult to detect due to a relative lack of symptoms and the fact that it can be paroxysmal in nature. Studies have shown that diagnosis of AF improves as the length of cardiac monitoring increases. However, prolonged cardiac monitoring is not a cost-effective way of diagnosing AF...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603588/transcervical-access-reversal-of-flow-and-mesh-covered-stents-new-options-in-the-armamentarium-of-carotid-artery-stenting
#18
REVIEW
Kosmas I Paraskevas, Frank J Veith
In the last 25 years, the very existence of carotid artery stenting (CAS) has been threatened on a number of occasions. The initial disappointing results that even lead to the discontinuation of an early randomized controlled trial have improved considerably with time. Novel devices, advanced stent and equipment technology, alternative types of access and several types of filters/emboli protecting devices have been reported to reduce stroke/death rates during/after CAS and improve CAS outcomes. The present review will provide a description of the various technology advances in the field that aim to reduce stroke and death rates associated with CAS...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603587/heart-failure-after-myocardial-infarction-in-the-era-of-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-mechanisms-incidence-and-identification-of-patients-at-risk
#19
REVIEW
Thomas J Cahill, Rajesh K Kharbanda
Myocardial infarction (MI) remains the most common cause of heart failure (HF) worldwide. For almost 50 years HF has been recognised as a determinant of adverse prognosis after MI, but efforts to promote myocardial repair have failed to translate into clinical therapies. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) has driven improved early survival after MI, but its impact on the incidence of downstream HF is debated. The effects of PPCI are confounded by the changing epidemiology of MI and HF, with an ageing patient demographic, an increasing proportion of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, and the recognition of HF with preserved ejection fraction...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603586/sleep-health-behaviors-and-behavioral-interventions-reducing-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-adults
#20
REVIEW
Jill L Kaar, Christina M Luberto, Kirsti A Campbell, Jeff C Huffman
Numerous health behaviors, including physical activity, diet, smoking, and sleep, play a major role in preventing the development and progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Among these behaviors, sleep may play a pivotal role, yet it has been studied somewhat less than other behaviors and there have been few well-designed sleep intervention studies targeting CVD. Furthermore, despite the fact that these behaviors are often interrelated, interventions tend to focus on changing one health behavior rather than concurrently intervening on multiple behaviors...
May 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
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