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Online Journal of Public Health Informatics

Shamir N Mukhi
OBJECTIVES: To introduce the Canadian Network for Public Health Intelligence's new Knowledge Integration using Web-based Intelligence (KIWI) technology, and to pefrom preliminary evaluation of the KIWI technology using a case study. The purpose of this new technology is to support surveillance activities by monitoring unstructured data sources for the early detection and awareness of potential public health threats. METHODS: A prototype of the KIWI technology, adapted for zoonotic and emerging diseases, was piloted by end-users with expertise in the field of public health and zoonotic/emerging disease surveillance...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Neal D Goldstein, Anand D Sarwate
Health data derived from electronic health records are increasingly utilized in large-scale population health analyses. Going hand in hand with this increase in data is an increasing number of data breaches. Ensuring privacy and security of these data is a shared responsibility between the public health researcher, collaborators, and their institutions. In this article, we review the requirements of data privacy and security and discuss epidemiologic implications of emerging technologies from the computer science community that can be used for health data...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Celestine A Ameh, Muawiyyah B Sufiyan, Matthew Jacob, Ndadilnasiya E Waziri, Adebola T Olayinka
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the case-based measles surveillance system in Kaduna State of Nigeria and identify gaps in its operation. INTRODUCTION: In Africa, approximately 13 million cases, 650,000 deaths due to measles occur annually, with sub-Saharan Africa having the highest morbidity and mortality. Measles infection is endemic in Nigeria and has been documented to occur all year round, despite high measles routine and supplemental immunization coverage. The frequent outbreaks of measles in Kaduna State prompted the need for the evaluation of the measles case-based surveillance system...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Personal Health Record (PHR) is an electronic record that allows patients to maintain, manage and access their health information in one secure location. However, despite these potential capabilities, the adoption rate of the PHR has been slow due to various challenges. OBJECTIVES: This study, being the first of its kind in Saudi Arabia, investigates the perceived barriers and /or challenges for PHR adoption in the Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs (MNGHA)...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Karen Soderberg, Sripriya Rajamani, Douglas Wholey, Martin LaVenture
BACKGROUND: Minnesota enacted legislation in 2007 that requires all health care providers in the state to implement an interoperable electronic health record (EHR) system by 2015. 100% of hospitals and 98% of clinics had adopted EHR systems by end of 2015. Minnesota's 2008 health reform included a health care home (HCH) program, Minnesota's patient centered medical home. By end of 2014, 43% of HCH eligible clinics were certified with 335 certified HCHs and 430 eligible but not certified clinics...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
David Hartzband, Feygele Jacobs
BACKGROUND: As payment reforms shift healthcare reimbursement toward value-based payment programs, providers need the capability to work with data of greater complexity, scope and scale. This will in many instances necessitate a change in understanding of the value of data, and the types of data needed for analysis to support operations and clinical practice. It will also require the deployment of different infrastructure and analytic tools. Community health centers, which serve more than 25 million people and together form the nation's largest single source of primary care for medically underserved communities and populations, are expanding and will need to optimize their capacity to leverage data as new payer and organizational models emerge...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
D van Gaans, S Ahmed, K D'Onise, S M Taylor, R McDermott
Good quality data on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are needed to assess the effectiveness of programs and interventions, and to evaluate policies that are designed to improve the status of, and service delivery to, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Due to the lack of longitudinal data it is difficult to gain knowledge on the specific causes or consequences of changes in indigenous outcomes. Variables such as name, date of birth and address for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders may be subject to more variation and be less consistently reported than other Australians...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Jared Mowery, Amanda Andrei, Elizabeth Le, Jing Jian, Megan Ward
BACKGROUND: It is challenging to assess the quality of care and detect elder abuse in nursing homes, since patients may be incapable of reporting quality issues or abuse themselves, and resources for sending inspectors are limited. OBJECTIVE: This study correlates Google reviews of nursing homes with Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) inspection results in the Nursing Home Compare (NHC) data set, to quantify the extent to which the reviews reflect the quality of care and the presence of elder abuse...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Donald E Brannen, Melissa Branum, Sejal Pawani, Sandy Miller, Jeanne Bowman, Tracy Clare
After the bioterrorism-anthrax attacks of 2001, public health officials were tasked with planning population-wide medicine dispensing. This planning started with assumptions and then evaluations of seasonal immunization clinics. Research on the 2009 H1N1 pandemic-vaccination campaign showed that an adequately prepared public health system could have prevented over 16% of flu-associated hospitalizations. The 2011 ice storms revealed difficulties with sheltering medically fragile persons with disabilities. Later research showed that training and preparedness levels increased responders' willingness to serve...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Margaret Reid, Julia Gunn, Snehal Shah, Michael Donovan, Rosalind Eggo, Steven Babin, Ivanka Stajner, Eric Rogers, Katherine B Ensor, Loren Raun, Jonathan I Levy, Ian Painter, Wanda Phipatanakul, Fuyuen Yip, Anjali Nath, Laura C Streichert, Catherine Tong, Howard Burkom
This paper continues an initiative conducted by the International Society for Disease Surveillance with funding from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency to connect near-term analytical needs of public health practice with technical expertise from the global research community. The goal is to enhance investigation capabilities of day-to-day population health monitors. A prior paper described the formation of consultancies for requirements analysis and dialogue regarding costs and benefits of sustainable analytic tools...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Jared Mowery
BACKGROUND: Influenza (flu) surveillance using Twitter data can potentially save lives and increase efficiency by providing governments and healthcare organizations with greater situational awareness. However, research is needed to determine the impact of Twitter users' misdiagnoses on surveillance estimates. OBJECTIVE: This study establishes the importance of Twitter users' misdiagnoses by showing that Twitter flu surveillance in the United States failed during the 2011-2012 flu season, estimates the extent of misdiagnoses, and tests several methods for reducing the adverse effects of misdiagnoses...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Fatima M Mncube-Barnes, Ben Lee, Olumuyiwa Esuruoso, Phil N Gona, Stephane Daphnis
OBJECTIVES: Using library subscriptions and accessible on handheld devices, this study sought to promote authoritative health information apps, and evidence-based point-of-care resources. METHODS: Three cohorts of internal medicine residents were issued iPads at the beginning of their second year, and were trained to skillfully access resources from the digital library. Pre- and post-intervention surveys were respectively administered at the beginning of the second year and end of the third year of training...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Guobin Dai, Fang Deng, Arkalgud Ramaprasad, Thant Syn
The health care system in China is facing a multitude of challenges owing to the changing demographics of the country, the evolving economics of health care, and the emerging epidemiology of health as well as diseases. China's many national health care policies are documented in Chinese text documents. It is necessary to map the policies synoptically, systemically, and systematically to discover their emphases and biases, assess them, and modify them in the future. Using a logically constructed ontology of health care policies based on the common bodies of knowledge as a lens, we map the current policies to reveal their 'bright', 'light', and 'blind/blank' spots...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Oluwakemi Ola, Kamran Sedig
Health data is often big data due to its high volume, low veracity, great variety, and high velocity. Big health data has the potential to improve productivity, eliminate waste, and support a broad range of tasks related to disease surveillance, patient care, research, and population health management. Interactive visualizations have the potential to amplify big data's utilization. Visualizations can be used to support a variety of tasks, such as tracking the geographic distribution of diseases, analyzing the prevalence of disease, triaging medical records, predicting outbreaks, and discovering at-risk populations...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Edward Mensah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Olusesan Ayodeji Makinde, Aderemi Azeez, Wura Adebayo
BACKGROUND: Master facility lists (MFL) maintain an important standard (unique identifier) in country health information systems that will aid integration and interoperability of multiple health facility based data sources. However, this standard is not readily available in several low and middle income countries where reliable data is most needed for efficient planning. The World Health Organization in 2012 drew up guidelines for the creation of MFLs in countries but this guideline still requires domestication and process modeling for each country adopting it...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
D van Gaans, S Ahmed, K D'Onise, J Moyon, G Caughey, R McDermott
Most patients with chronic disease are prescribed multiple medications, which are recorded in their personal health records. This is rich information for clinical public health researchers but also a challenge to analyse. This paper describes the method that was undertaken within the Public Health Research Data Management System (PHReDMS) to map medication data retrieved from individual patient health records for population health researcher's use. The PHReDMS manages clinical, health service, community and survey research data within a secure web environment that allows for data sharing amongst researchers...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Craig Savel, Stan Mierzwa, Pamina M Gorbach, Samir Souidi, Michelle Lally, Gregory Zimet, Aids Interventions
This paper reports on a specific Web-based self-report data collection system that was developed for a public health research study in the United States. Our focus is on technical outcome results and lessons learned that may be useful to other projects requiring such a solution. The system was accessible from any device that had a browser that supported HTML5. Report findings include: which hardware devices, Web browsers, and operating systems were used; the rate of survey completion; and key considerations for employing Web-based surveys in a clinical trial setting...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
James M Kariuki, Eric-Jan Manders, Janise Richards, Tom Oluoch, Davies Kimanga, Steve Wanyee, James O Kwach, Xenophon Santas
Introduction: Developing countries are increasingly strengthening national health information systems (HIS) for evidence-based decision-making. However, the inability to report indicator data automatically from electronic medical record systems (EMR) hinders this process. Data are often printed and manually re-entered into aggregate reporting systems. This affects data completeness, accuracy, reporting timeliness, and burdens staff who support routine indicator reporting from patient-level data. Method: After conducting a feasibility test to exchange indicator data from Open Medical Records System (OpenMRS) to District Health Information System version 2 (DHIS2), we conducted a field test at a health facility in Kenya...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Hale Z. Toklu, Edward Mensah
Pharmacovigilance is the science and activity relating to the collection, detection, assessment, monitoring, and prevention of adverse effects with pharmaceutical products. Pharmacovigilance basically targets safety of medicine. Pharmacists have crucial role in health systems to maintain the rational and safe use of medicine for they are drug experts who are specifically trained in this field. Effective use of pharmacists' workforce will improve the outcome of the pharmacotherapy as well as decrease global health costs...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
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