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Online Journal of Public Health Informatics

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[This corrects the article , PMID: 28210429.].
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Shyamashree Sinha, Mark Jensen, Sarah Mullin, Peter L Elkin
Background Prescription opioid pain medication overuse, misuse and abuse have been a significant contributing factor in the opioid epidemic. The rising death rates from opioid overdose have caused healthcare practitioners and researchers to work on optimizing pain therapy and limiting the prescriptions for pain medications. The state of New York has implemented a prescription drug monitoring program(PDMP), amended public health law to limit the prescription of opioids for acute pain and utilized the resources of the state and county health departments to help in curbing this epidemic...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Arjun Kumar Bhattarai, Aein Zarrin, Joon Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the public health domains, key informatics concepts, and information and communications technologies (ICTs) applied in articles that are tagged with the MeSH term "public health informatics" and primarily focus on applying ICTs to public health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MeSH term "public health informatics" was searched on MEDLINE-PubMed. The results of the search were then screened in two steps in order to only include articles about applying ICTs to public health problems...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Awatef A Ben Ramadan, Jeannette Jackson-Thompson, Suzanne A Boren
BACKGROUND: Analyzing and visualizing health-related databases using Geographic Information Systems (GISs) becomes essential in controlling many public health problems. OBJECTIVES: To explore the perception and preferences of public health professionals (PHPs) about the usability of GISs in public health field. METHODS: For this scoping review, the investigators searched Medline Ovid, PubMed, IEEE, Scopus, and GeoBase databases. A total of 105 articles were identified...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Moutasem Zakkar, Kamran Sedig
The purpose of this study is to examine the use of interactive visualizations to represent data/information related to social determinants of health and public health indicators, and to investigate the benefits of such visualizations for health policymaking. METHODS: The study developed a prototype for an online interactive visualization tool that represents the social determinants of health. The study participants explored and used the tool. The tool was evaluated using the informal user experience evaluation method...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
S Alphonse Zakane, Lars L Gustafsson, Ali Sie, Göran Tomson, Svetla Loukanova, Pia Bastholm-Rahmner
OBJECTIVE: Maternal and neonatal mortality is high in sub-Saharan Africa. To support Healthcare Workers (HCWs), a computerized decision support system (CDSS) was piloted at six rural maternal care units in Burkina Faso. During the two years of the study period, it was apparent from reports that the CDSS was not used regularly in clinical practice. This study aimed to explore the reasons why HCWs failed to use the CDSS. METHODS: A workshop, organized as group discussions and a plenary session, was performed with 13 participants to understand their experience with the CDSS and suggest improvements if pertinent...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Susannah Paul, Osaro Mgbere, Raouf Arafat, Biru Yang, Eunice Santos
Objective The objective was to forecast and validate prediction estimates of influenza activity in Houston, TX using four years of historical influenza-like illness (ILI) from three surveillance data capture mechanisms. Background Using novel surveillance methods and historical data to estimate future trends of influenza-like illness can lead to early detection of influenza activity increases and decreases. Anticipating surges gives public health professionals more time to prepare and increase prevention efforts...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Ian Painter, Debra Revere, P Joseph Gibson, Janet Baseman
BACKGROUND: Infectious diseases can appear and spread rapidly. Timely information about disease patterns and trends allows public health agencies to quickly investigate and efficiently contain those diseases. But disease case reporting to public health has traditionally been paper-based, resulting in somewhat slow, burdensome processes. Fortunately, the expanding use of electronic health records and health information exchanges has created opportunities for more rapid, complete, and easily managed case reporting and investigation...
2017: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Shamir N Mukhi
OBJECTIVES: To introduce the Canadian Network for Public Health Intelligence's new Knowledge Integration using Web-based Intelligence (KIWI) technology, and to pefrom preliminary evaluation of the KIWI technology using a case study. The purpose of this new technology is to support surveillance activities by monitoring unstructured data sources for the early detection and awareness of potential public health threats. METHODS: A prototype of the KIWI technology, adapted for zoonotic and emerging diseases, was piloted by end-users with expertise in the field of public health and zoonotic/emerging disease surveillance...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Neal D Goldstein, Anand D Sarwate
Health data derived from electronic health records are increasingly utilized in large-scale population health analyses. Going hand in hand with this increase in data is an increasing number of data breaches. Ensuring privacy and security of these data is a shared responsibility between the public health researcher, collaborators, and their institutions. In this article, we review the requirements of data privacy and security and discuss epidemiologic implications of emerging technologies from the computer science community that can be used for health data...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Celestine A Ameh, Muawiyyah B Sufiyan, Matthew Jacob, Ndadilnasiya E Waziri, Adebola T Olayinka
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the case-based measles surveillance system in Kaduna State of Nigeria and identify gaps in its operation. INTRODUCTION: In Africa, approximately 13 million cases, 650,000 deaths due to measles occur annually, with sub-Saharan Africa having the highest morbidity and mortality. Measles infection is endemic in Nigeria and has been documented to occur all year round, despite high measles routine and supplemental immunization coverage. The frequent outbreaks of measles in Kaduna State prompted the need for the evaluation of the measles case-based surveillance system...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: The Personal Health Record (PHR) is an electronic record that allows patients to maintain, manage and access their health information in one secure location. However, despite these potential capabilities, the adoption rate of the PHR has been slow due to various challenges. OBJECTIVES: This study, being the first of its kind in Saudi Arabia, investigates the perceived barriers and /or challenges for PHR adoption in the Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs (MNGHA)...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Karen Soderberg, Sripriya Rajamani, Douglas Wholey, Martin LaVenture
BACKGROUND: Minnesota enacted legislation in 2007 that requires all health care providers in the state to implement an interoperable electronic health record (EHR) system by 2015. 100% of hospitals and 98% of clinics had adopted EHR systems by end of 2015. Minnesota's 2008 health reform included a health care home (HCH) program, Minnesota's patient centered medical home. By end of 2014, 43% of HCH eligible clinics were certified with 335 certified HCHs and 430 eligible but not certified clinics...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
David Hartzband, Feygele Jacobs
BACKGROUND: As payment reforms shift healthcare reimbursement toward value-based payment programs, providers need the capability to work with data of greater complexity, scope and scale. This will in many instances necessitate a change in understanding of the value of data, and the types of data needed for analysis to support operations and clinical practice. It will also require the deployment of different infrastructure and analytic tools. Community health centers, which serve more than 25 million people and together form the nation's largest single source of primary care for medically underserved communities and populations, are expanding and will need to optimize their capacity to leverage data as new payer and organizational models emerge...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
D van Gaans, S Ahmed, K D'Onise, S M Taylor, R McDermott
Good quality data on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are needed to assess the effectiveness of programs and interventions, and to evaluate policies that are designed to improve the status of, and service delivery to, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Due to the lack of longitudinal data it is difficult to gain knowledge on the specific causes or consequences of changes in indigenous outcomes. Variables such as name, date of birth and address for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders may be subject to more variation and be less consistently reported than other Australians...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Jared Mowery, Amanda Andrei, Elizabeth Le, Jing Jian, Megan Ward
BACKGROUND: It is challenging to assess the quality of care and detect elder abuse in nursing homes, since patients may be incapable of reporting quality issues or abuse themselves, and resources for sending inspectors are limited. OBJECTIVE: This study correlates Google reviews of nursing homes with Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) inspection results in the Nursing Home Compare (NHC) data set, to quantify the extent to which the reviews reflect the quality of care and the presence of elder abuse...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Donald E Brannen, Melissa Branum, Sejal Pawani, Sandy Miller, Jeanne Bowman, Tracy Clare
After the bioterrorism-anthrax attacks of 2001, public health officials were tasked with planning population-wide medicine dispensing. This planning started with assumptions and then evaluations of seasonal immunization clinics. Research on the 2009 H1N1 pandemic-vaccination campaign showed that an adequately prepared public health system could have prevented over 16% of flu-associated hospitalizations. The 2011 ice storms revealed difficulties with sheltering medically fragile persons with disabilities. Later research showed that training and preparedness levels increased responders' willingness to serve...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Margaret Reid, Julia Gunn, Snehal Shah, Michael Donovan, Rosalind Eggo, Steven Babin, Ivanka Stajner, Eric Rogers, Katherine B Ensor, Loren Raun, Jonathan I Levy, Ian Painter, Wanda Phipatanakul, Fuyuen Yip, Anjali Nath, Laura C Streichert, Catherine Tong, Howard Burkom
This paper continues an initiative conducted by the International Society for Disease Surveillance with funding from the Defense Threat Reduction Agency to connect near-term analytical needs of public health practice with technical expertise from the global research community. The goal is to enhance investigation capabilities of day-to-day population health monitors. A prior paper described the formation of consultancies for requirements analysis and dialogue regarding costs and benefits of sustainable analytic tools...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Jared Mowery
BACKGROUND: Influenza (flu) surveillance using Twitter data can potentially save lives and increase efficiency by providing governments and healthcare organizations with greater situational awareness. However, research is needed to determine the impact of Twitter users' misdiagnoses on surveillance estimates. OBJECTIVE: This study establishes the importance of Twitter users' misdiagnoses by showing that Twitter flu surveillance in the United States failed during the 2011-2012 flu season, estimates the extent of misdiagnoses, and tests several methods for reducing the adverse effects of misdiagnoses...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Fatima M Mncube-Barnes, Ben Lee, Olumuyiwa Esuruoso, Phil N Gona, Stephane Daphnis
OBJECTIVES: Using library subscriptions and accessible on handheld devices, this study sought to promote authoritative health information apps, and evidence-based point-of-care resources. METHODS: Three cohorts of internal medicine residents were issued iPads at the beginning of their second year, and were trained to skillfully access resources from the digital library. Pre- and post-intervention surveys were respectively administered at the beginning of the second year and end of the third year of training...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
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