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East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146499/video-feedback-on-mother-child-interactions-in-perinatal-psychiatric-service-in-hong-kong
#1
LETTER
P Y Chung, W Y Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146498/attitude-of-medical-students-in-paraguay-towards-homosexuality
#2
J Torales, I Barrios, A Torres, N Dunjo, M G Benitez, J Villalba, A Ventriglio, D Bhugra
INTRODUCTION: The attitude of medical students towards homosexuality may affect the quality of care for homosexual patients. This study aimed to describe the attitude of medical students at the National University of Asuncion, Paraguay towards homosexuality. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional study was conducted in June 2016 in consecutive medical students from the National University of AsunciĆ³n (Santa Rosa del Aguaray branch), Paraguay. The 10-item attitude towards homosexuality scale (EAH-10) was used to assess participants' acceptance/ rejection of homosexuals as individuals, homosexuality as a sexual orientation, and public manifestations of homosexuality...
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146497/audit-of-mental-capacity-assessment-by-primary-care-physicians-versus-consultation-liaison-psychiatrists
#3
C Yw Chan, S Wl Yong, A S Mhaisalkar, G L Sin, S H Poon, S M Tan
OBJECTIVE: To review the mental capacity assessment of in-patients referred to consultation-liaison psychiatrists and to compare the assessment first made by primary care physicians. METHODS: Medical records of in-patients who were referred to consultation-liaison psychiatrists for mental capacity assessment between May and October 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Assessment was first made by a primary care physician; complex cases were referred to a consultation-liaison psychiatrist...
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146496/association-of-suicidal-ideation-with-demographic-lifestyle-and-health-factors-in-malaysians
#4
Y K Cheah, M Azahadi, S N Phang, N H Abd Manaf
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of suicidal ideation with demographic, lifestyle, and health factors, using data from National Health and Morbidity Survey 2011 (NHMS 2011) of Malaysia. METHODS: The NHMS 2011 included 10,141 respondents. Independent variables of suicidal ideation were income, age, household size, sex, ethnicity, education, marital status, smoking, physical activity, and self-rated health. The risk factors of suicidal ideation were determined using logistic regression analysis...
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146495/aripiprazole-versus-lithium-in-management-of-acute-mania-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
S S Shafti
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare aripiprazole with lithium for the effectiveness of treating Iranian male patients with acute mania. METHODS: A total of 30 male in-patients with bipolar I disorder who presented with relapse or new emergence of an episode of acute mania were equally randomised to receive 4 weeks of aripiprazole (5 mg uncoated tablets) or lithium carbonate (300 mg uncoated tablets) according to standard practice guidelines and titration protocols...
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30146494/premorbid-adjustment-in-predicting-symptom-severity-and-social-cognitive-deficits-in-schizophrenia
#6
R L Dewangan, P Singh
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia patients have deficits in premorbid adjustment (PMA) and social cognition (SC); both deficits are associated with symptom severity, neuro-cognitive deficits, and prognosis. This study aimed to determine symptom severity and two domains of SC deficit by assessing specific areas of PMA in schizophrenia patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 male and 60 female patients with paranoid schizophrenia aged 20 to 35 years from two psychiatric inpatient departments of Chhattisgarh state of India...
September 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921744/clozapine-related-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia-a-case-report
#7
S J Kim, M S Gim
Clozapine is considered to be more effective than other antipsychotic drugs for treating treatmentresistant schizophrenia. However, side effects of clozapine include agranulocytosis and, less commonly, cardiovascular disease, which is occasionally fatal. We describe a 56-year-old woman who developed clozapine-related paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia during clozapine dose titration and had a recurrence despite being treated with verapamil. For treatment-resistant schizophrenia, a slow titration of the clozapine dose is necessary, and potential cardiac side-effects should be monitored...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921743/arachnoid-cyst-causing-depression-and-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-a-case-report
#8
M Shettar, R Karkal, R Misra, A Kakunje, V V Mohan Chandran, R D Mendonsa
Arachnoid cysts are benign space-occupying brain lesions that contain cerebrospinal fluid. Most cases are congenital in origin, caused by failed fusion of the arachnoid membrane early in fetal development. Cases are often incidentally detected on neuroimaging; however, rarely patients present with neuropsychiatric manifestations when cysts expand and cause a midline shift, compression of nearby brain tissue or cerebrospinal fluid compartments or both. We report a case of a 56-year-old woman with no past history or family history of psychiatric illness who developed acute-onset right-sided weakness, depressive symptoms, and other neuropsychiatric deficits...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921742/attitude-of-indian-medical-students-towards-homosexuality
#9
A Kar, S Mukherjee, A Ventriglio, D Bhugra
INTRODUCTION: It is important to understand the attitude of medical students towards homosexuality, as this may affect patient care. METHODS: Year 2 and 3 students at Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, India were asked to selfadminister an 18-item questionnaire anonymously. Internal consistency of the questionnaire statements was high (Cronbach's alpha of 0.91). There were five responses for each statement: strongly agree, generally agree, unsure, generally disagree, and strongly disagree...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921741/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-c-reactive-protein-level-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-before-and-after-pharmacotherapy
#10
A Adhikari, R Dikshit, S Karia, S Sonavane, N Shah, A De Sousa
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level are useful biomarkers of inflammation. This study aimed to assess NLR and CRP level in patients with major depressive disorder before and after pharmacotherapy to determine whether NLR or CRP could be used as biomarkers of severity of major depression and whether there was any sex difference. METHODOLOGY: Patients with major depression who received no pharmacotherapy 1 month prior to the study were included...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921740/association-between-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-subunit-2b-gene-polymorphisms-and-personality-traits-in-a-young-japanese-population
#11
S Narita, Y Onozawa, E Yoshihara, D Nishizawa, M Numajiri, K Ikeda, K Iwahashi
OBJECTIVE: The N -methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 2B (GluN2B) is involved in regulation of anxiety and depression and nervous activity in the brain. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of the GluN2B gene ( GRIN2B ) are associated with human mental function and behaviour. We investigated whether four GRIN2B polymorphisms (rs7301328, rs1806201, rs1805247, and rs1805502) affect characterisation of personality traits. METHODS: In 248 young people, GRIN2B polymorphisms were analysed, and personality traits were assessed using the Neuroticism Extraversion Openness-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921739/posttraumatic-stress-after-treatment-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#12
K K Wu, V W Cho, F L Chow, A Py Tsang, D M Tse
OBJECTIVE: To study posttraumatic stress in patients after treatment in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 136 adult patients with critical medical and surgical problems who were discharged from the ICU of the Caritas Medical Centre, Hong Kong. Their occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression after ICU treatment were measured using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588433/sexual-dysfunction-in-patients-with-antidepressant-treated-anxiety-or-depressive-disorders-a-pragmatic-multivariable-longitudinal-study
#13
S Preeti, S D Jayaram, A Chittaranjan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate early evolution, tolerability, and predictors of antidepressant-emergent sexual dysfunction in patients with anxiety or depressive disorder. METHODS: Patients with anxiety or depressive disorders who were prescribed antidepressant monotherapy (mirtazapine, sertraline, desvenlafaxine, escitalopram, or fluoxetine) at the discretion of the treating clinician were recruited from July 2012 to June 2014 from a hospital outpatient service. All were free of psychotropic medication for least 1 month...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576554/electrocardiographic-monitoring-of-psychiatric-in-patients-taking-antipsychotic-medications
#14
M M Kwan, D Gh Nguyen, R Mk Ng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the adherence to guidelines for electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring in Hong Kong psychiatric in-patients who have been prescribed antipsychotic medications. METHODS: In-patients who had been prescribed antipsychotic drugs on hospital admission during the baseline audit period of 15 April 2015 to 16 July 2015 and the re-audit period of 28 January 2016 to 30 April 2016 were included. Quality improvement interventions were delivered after the baseline audit...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576553/self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-japanese-psychiatric-hospital
#15
S Tanimoto, S Yayama, S Suto, K Matoba, T Kajiwara, M Inoue, Y Endo, M Yamakawa, K Makimoto
OBJECTIVE: Self-harm and attempted suicide are risk factors for suicide in psychiatric hospital in-patients. This study aimed to analyse the circumstances of self-harm and suicide attempts in a Japanese psychiatric hospital so as to improve management and care. METHODS: Incident reports of self-harm and suicide attempts during a 12.4-year period from November 2000 to March 2013 were reviewed. A descriptive analysis was conducted in terms of age, sex, and diagnosis of patients, as well as level, ward, situations, and causes of incidents...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576552/frontal-theta-asymmetry-as-a-biomarker-of-depression
#16
A S Dharmadhikari, A L Tandle, S V Jaiswal, V A Sawant, V N Vahia, N Jog
INTRODUCTION: Electroencephalography (EEG) has been used extensively to study affective disorders. Quantitative spectral analysis of an EEG scan has been used to assess the biological basis of emotional disorders such as depression as well as to investigate biomarkers of affective disorders. Inter-hemispheric asymmetries in both baseline and stimulus-evoked frequencies (alpha, beta, theta, and delta) are potential biomarkers of depression. The role of frontal alpha asymmetry has been established, but other spectral frequencies such as frontal theta remain elusive...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576551/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-obese-singaporeans-a-preliminary-study
#17
C Sh Ho, Y Lu, N Ndukwe, M Wp Chew, A Shabbir, J By So, R Cm Ho
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major component of metabolic syndrome and an independent risk factor for various chronic diseases. It is also closely associated with mental illness, and the interaction is complex and multifactorial. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among obese Singaporeans. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 36 male and 47 female obese Singaporeans who had been referred to the weight management clinic of National University Hospital, Singapore, between January 2010 and November 2011 were collected...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259147/feasibility-and-clinical-utility-of-high-definition-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-persistent-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia
#18
A Bose, V Shivakumar, H Chhabra, R Parlikar, V S Sreeraj, D Dinakaran, J C Narayanaswamy, G Venkatasubramanian
Persistent auditory verbal hallucination is a clinically significant problem in schizophrenia. Recent studies suggest a promising role for add-on transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in treatment. An optimised version of tDCS, namely high-definition tDCS (HD-tDCS), uses smaller electrodes arranged in a 4x1 ring configuration and may offer more focal and predictable neuromodulation than conventional tDCS. This case report illustrates the feasibility and clinical utility of add-on HD-tDCS over the left temporoparietal junction in a 4x1 ring configuration to treat persistent auditory verbal hallucination in schizophrenia...
December 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259146/increasing-the-continuity-of-care-between-primary-care-provider-and-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-singapore
#19
H Huang, D Poremski, Y L Goh, M Hendriks, D Fung
INTRODUCTION: People who have a mental illness and who are stable on their current treatment may be suitable for follow-up care with a community-based general practitioner. A general practitioner-partnership programme was designed in an institute in Singapore to facilitate the transition to community services. However, the rates of successful referrals were low. METHODS: Our study followed the format of a quality improvement project, and used administrative data from April 2014 to June 2016 to gauge the impact of the interventions chosen to improve uptake of referrals...
December 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259145/fear-of-fear-and-broad-dimensions-of-psychopathology-over-the-course-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-in-japan
#20
S Ogawa, M Kondo, K Ino, T Ii, R Imai, T A Furukawa, T Akechi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of fear of fear and broad dimensions of psychopathology in panic disorder with agoraphobia over the course of cognitive behavioural therapy in Japan. METHODS: A total of 177 Japanese patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia were treated with group cognitive behavioural therapy between 2001 and 2015. We examined associations between the change scores in Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire or Body Sensations Questionnaire and the changes in subscales of Symptom Checklist-90 Revised during cognitive behavioural therapy controlling the change in panic disorder severity using multiple regression analysis...
December 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
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