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East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703100/null-hypothesis-testing-i-5-significance-level
#1
K C Wong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703099/antiepileptic-induced-psychosis-as-a-possible-predictor-of-post-temporal-lobectomy-alternative-psychosis
#2
F Benedict, K S Lim, S T Jambunathan, A Hb Hashim
We present a patient with topiramate-induced psychosis who developed alternative psychosis following temporal lobectomy. The number of surgical candidates for temporal lobectomy is increasing as is the frequency of psychiatric co-morbidities. Preoperative planning should take account of these psychiatric co-morbidities. In particular, precautions should be taken when antiepileptic drug-induced psychosis occurs, as this could predict the occurrence of alternative psychosis following lobectomy.
September 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703098/cognitive-dysfunction-and-associated-behaviour-problems-in-postpartum-women-a-study-from-north-india
#3
P S Meena, R Soni, M Jain, C S Jilowa, Omprakash
OBJECTIVES: During and after childbirth women undergo tremendous psychological and biological changes. These biological changes, along with the stress of assuming the new role of mother, make postpartum women vulnerable to various psychiatric disorders including cognitive dysfunction, depression, and anxiety. Such problems are under-reported as they are difficult to identify, especially by caregivers who are more focused on the newborn. The present study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of behaviour problems and cognitive dysfunction during the postpartum period...
September 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703097/socio-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-who-attempt-suicide-a-hospital-based-study-from-eastern-india
#4
S Halder, A K Mahato
INTRODUCTION: Suicide has become an important public health concern with a high number of deaths and increasing number of attempted suicides every year. There are multiple factors that underlie a suicide attempt. Although mental illness and severe stress have long been known to be associated with suicide, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of those attempting suicide can also provide indications of suicidal intent. The present study aimed to explore the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients in Kolkata, India who attempted suicide...
September 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703096/wuling-capsule-for-major-depressive-disorder-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#5
W Zheng, Y F Zhang, H Q Zhong, S M Mai, X H Yang, Y T Xiang
INTRODUCTION: In China, Wuling capsule, a traditional Chinese medicine consisting of Wuling mycelia of Xylaria nigripes (Kl.) Sacc (a rare type of fungus), is used to treat major depressive disorders. A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials was performed to compare the efficacy and safety of Wuling capsule alone with Wuling capsule-antidepressant combination in the treatment of major depressive disorders. METHODS: Two assessors independently selected studies, extracted data, and conducted quality assessment and data synthesis...
September 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377489/depression-and-associated-factors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
N A Hashim, S Ariaratnam, M R Salleh, M A Said, A H Sulaiman
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of major depressive disorder and its association with socio-demographic and clinical factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who attended the hospital-based primary care clinics at the University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The patients were interviewed using the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview to diagnose depression based on the DSM-IV criteria...
June 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377488/acupuncture-for-detoxification-in-treatment-of-opioid-addiction
#7
S Ly Wu, A Wn Leung, D Tw Yew
Opioid is a popular drug of abuse and addiction. We evaluated acupuncture as a non-pharmacological treatment with a focus on managing withdrawal symptoms. Electrical stimulation at a low frequency (2 Hz) accelerates endorphin and encephalin production. High-frequency stimulation (100 Hz) up-regulates the dynorphin level that in turn suppresses withdrawal at the spinal level. The effect of 100-Hz electroacupuncture may be associated with brain-derived neurotrophic factor activation at the ventral tegmental area, down-regulation of cAMP response element-binding protein, and enhanced dynorphin synthesis in the spinal cord, periaqueductal grey, and hypothalamus...
June 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377487/permissive-attitude-towards-drug-use-life-satisfaction-and-continuous-drug-use-among-psychoactive-drug-users-in-hong-kong
#8
N Wt Cheung, Y W Cheung, X Chen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of a permissive attitude towards regular and occasional drug use, life satisfaction, self-esteem, depression, and other psychosocial variables in the drug use of psychoactive drug users. Psychosocial factors that might affect a permissive attitude towards regular / occasional drug use and life satisfaction were further explored. METHODS: We analysed data of a sample of psychoactive drug users from a longitudinal survey of psychoactive drug abusers in Hong Kong who were interviewed at 6 time points at 6-month intervals between January 2009 and December 2011...
June 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377486/developing-treatments-for-stimulant-abuse-a-brief-overview
#9
C Davidson
The abuse of stimulants such as cocaine, amphetamine, and methamphetamine is a huge problem in many parts of the world. Abuse of these drugs does not ruin just the user's life, but also adversely affects those around them. Despite many years of research, there are no approved medications for stimulant dependence, and treatment is focused on psychotherapy and abstinence. Over the last 10 to 20 years, there have been some major changes in approach to medication development for stimulant dependence. These include assessing ligands for non-dopaminergic sites, atypical dopamine transporter ligands, blocking long-term potentiation and / or memory reconsolidation, vaccines against the stimulant, and molecular approaches including pharmacogenomics and gene silencing...
June 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377485/current-status-of-substance-abuse-in-east-asia-and-therapeutic-prospects
#10
Q Ren, M Ma, K Hashimoto
The abuse of drugs, including opioids and stimulants, is a major public health problem worldwide, including in East Asia. Nonetheless, there are no pharmacological treatments for many psychiatric or neurological symptoms associated with that abuse. Abused drugs exert several detrimental effects on structural plasticity in brain regions associated with reward circuits. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that underlie this structural plasticity in brain neurons will aid in the development of novel therapeutic drugs for substance abuse...
June 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27377484/drug-addiction-a-global-challenge
#11
EDITORIAL
H J Liang, Y Lin, C Zhang, G S Ungvari, W K Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086758/psychiatric-disorders-among-prisoners-a-national-study-in-egypt
#12
A El-Gilany, M Khater, Z Gomaa, E Hussein, I Hamdy
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the overall prevalence of psychiatric disorders among prisoners and its associated factors, and to estimate the prevalence of different mental and personality disorders. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in 16 randomly selected prisons in Egypt. A stratified proportional random sample of 1350 adult prisoners was included in the study. Data were collected by a psychiatrist by direct interview with prisoners...
March 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086757/gender-differences-in-perceived-social-support-and-stressful-life-events-in-depressed-patients
#13
S Soman, S M Bhat, K S Latha, S K Praharaj
OBJECTIVE: To study the gender differences in perceived social support and life events in patients with depression. METHODS: A total of 118 patients aged 18 to 60 years, with depressive disorder according to the DSM-IV-TR, were evaluated using the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale. RESULTS: The perceived social support score was significantly higher in males than females (p < 0...
March 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086756/validation-of-the-hong-kong-cantonese-version-of-world-health-organization-five-well-being-index-for-people-with-severe-mental-illness
#14
C L Kong, C C Lee, Y C Ip, L P Chow, C H Leung, Y C Lam
OBJECTIVE: The World Health Organization Five Well-Being Index (WHO-5) has been developed to measure psychological wellbeing. Translation and linguistic validation of the WHO-5 into a Cantonese version has been accomplished for local use but it is not yet validated in people with severe mental illness in Hong Kong. This study aimed to examine the applicability of WHO-5 in measuring the psychological wellbeing dimension of people with severe mental illness. A brief and easily administrated tool to measure psychological wellbeing of people with severe mental illness can be used to provide an outcome measure in research studies and clinical trials...
March 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086755/prescribing-pattern-of-antidepressants-in-children-and-adolescents-findings-from-the-research-on-asia-psychotropic-prescription-pattern
#15
K Y Chee, A Tripathi, A Avasthi, M Y Chong, Y T Xiang, K Sim, S Kanba, Y L He, M S Lee, H F K Chiu, S Y Yang, H Kuga, P Udomratn, A J Tanra, M M Maramis, S Grover, R Mahendran, R A Kallivayalil, W W Shen, N Shinfuku, C H Tan, N Sartorius
OBJECTIVE: Pharmacotherapy of depression in children and adolescents is complex. In the absence of research into the efficacy and safety of antidepressants in this group of patients, their off-label prescription is common. This paper aimed to illustrate the prescription pattern of antidepressants in children and adolescents from major psychiatric centres in Asia. METHODS: The Research on Asia Psychotropic Prescription Pattern on Antidepressants worked collaboratively in 2013 to study the prescription pattern of antidepressants in Asia using a unified research protocol and questionnaire...
March 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27086754/relationship-between-traditional-chinese-beliefs-about-aetiology-of-mental-disorders-and-help-seeking-a-survey-of-the-elderly-in-macao
#16
A Found
OBJECTIVE: A wide range of factors can influence help-seeking attitudes when individuals experience a mental disorder. The current study investigated the relationship between traditional Chinese beliefs related to the aetiology of mental disorders and help-seeking attitudes among elderly participants in Macao. METHODS: In order to ensure the suitability of participants for inclusion in this study, the participants were required to complete an initial screening test using the Short Portable Mental Status Questionnaire (SPMSQ)...
March 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26764292/a-17-month-review-of-the-care-model-service-structure-and-design-of-thrive-a-community-mental-health-initiative-in-northern-singapore
#17
K M Cheang, C C S Cheok
Effective delivery of psychiatric care requires the development of a range of services. The existing Singapore health care system provides a comprehensive range of psychiatric services based in restructured hospitals. The Ministry of Health Community Mental Health Masterplan (2012-2017) aims to build novel services for the community. This Masterplan envisions the development of ASCATs (Assessment Shared Care Teams) and COMITs (Community Intervention Teams) to build the capacity and capability for psychiatric care to be delivered outside the hospital in the community...
December 2015: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26764291/neutropenia-and-agranulocytosis-in-chinese-patients-prescribed-clozapine
#18
K L Lau, P H W Yim
OBJECTIVES: To examine the rate of neutropenia and agranulocytosis, and the pattern of development of these 2 disorders among Chinese patients prescribed clozapine treatment in a local psychiatric unit. METHODS: Patients who were receiving clozapine when they were under the care of Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital Psychiatric Unit, Hong Kong, from 1 January 1997 to 31 December 2012 and who developed neutropenia and agranulocytosis from 1 January 1997 to 30 June 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2015: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26764290/burden-assessment-psychiatric-morbidity-and-their-correlates-in-caregivers-of-patients-with-intellectual-disability
#19
M S Bhatia, S Srivastava, P Gautam, R Saha, J Kaur
OBJECTIVE: Intellectual disability in a child places great stress on a family and caregiver and this leads to significant socio-occupational dysfunction and impaired quality of life for caregivers. This study aimed to assess socio-demographic characteristics, burden, and psychiatric morbidity of the caregivers of persons with intellectual disability, as well as to determine the variables that correlated with burden and psychiatric morbidity. METHODS: An observational study was carried out in an outpatient psychiatric unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital in India from October 2014 to April 2015...
December 2015: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26764289/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-chinese-subjects-with-knee-osteoarthritis-in-a-hong-kong-orthopaedic-clinic
#20
L Y Wong, R L Yiu, C K Chiu, W K Lee, Y L Lee, P K Kwong, W Tl Lo
OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence and associated factors of psychiatric morbidities and to evaluate the effectiveness of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) in screening for psychiatric morbidity in patients with knee osteoarthritis in a local orthopaedic clinic. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from October 2013 to June 2014 to examine patients with knee osteoarthritis at a specialist orthopaedic clinic. They were evaluated for psychiatric diagnoses using the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV Axis I Disorders (SCID-I)...
December 2015: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
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