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East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993545/folie-%C3%A3-deux-by-proxy-in-a-father-after-physical-abuse-by-a-mentally-ill-daughter
#1
J L Tay, Z Li
This is the first case report in a country predominated by Chinese that describes the physical abuse of a recipient by the inducer in shared delusional disorder. The report describes a 42-year-old patient who physically abused her father until he submitted to her delusions. Subsequently and for years, both sustained persecutory delusions against their neighbours. While the patient was undergoing treatment, the father continued reinforcing her delusions. There is a need to explore the possibility of any forms of abuse of the recipient by the inducer in shared psychotic disorder...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993544/distress-related-to-individual-depressive-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thai-patients-with-major-depression
#2
T Rungpetchwong, S Likhitsathian, S Jaranai, M Srisurapanont
OBJECTIVE: To examine the distress related to individual depressive symptoms, the correlation between symptom distress and disability, and the gender difference in distress levels in patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study carried out at a university hospital providing tertiary care in northern Thailand. Participants were patients with major depressive disorder aged between 18 and 65 years. Depression severity was self-rated using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993543/psychiatric-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-with-epilepsy
#3
K A Salayev, B Sanne, R Salayev
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychiatric and behavioural symptoms in children and adolescents with epilepsy. METHODS: Patients with epilepsy and aged 4 to 16 years were recruited from a medical centre in Azerbaijan during January 2012 to December 2013. A community sample was drawn from 3 schools as the comparison group. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was administered to parents of both patients with epilepsy and children in the comparison group...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993542/community-perceptions-of-mental-illness-in-jharkhand-india
#4
S J Sangeeta, K J Mathew
INTRODUCTION: Understanding and perceptions about mental illness vary among individuals based on their experience with the illness or their contact with the people affected by it. These may be further influenced by the individuals' sociocultural background. This study aimed to understand the differences in the beliefs about, understanding of, and explanations for mental illness between different population groups of Jharkhand, India. METHODS: During July 2014 to February 2016, we recruited the following 3 groups of individuals aged between 18 and 60 years: individuals with mental illness (group 1, n = 240), relatives of individuals with mental illness (group 2, n = 240), and the general public (group 3, n = 240)...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993541/psychiatrists-attitude-and-use-of-second-generation-antipsychotics-for-the-treatment-of-schizophrenia-in-taiwan
#5
C K Chen, H H Su, I W Sun
OBJECTIVES: This survey aimed to understand the attitude of psychiatrists and their use of commonly prescribed second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) for the treatment of schizophrenia in Taiwan. It also attempted to identify the factors that might influence their preference for selecting SGAs. METHODS: Psychiatrists were interviewed face-to-face using a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire addressed various issues involved in the treatment of patients with schizophrenia, including the reasons for selecting SGAs, psychiatrists' level of satisfaction with commonly prescribed SGAs, and their current use of SGAs in clinical practice...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652501/serum-levels-of-neuroactive-steroids-in-first-episode-antipsychotic-na%C3%A3-ve-schizophrenic-patients-and-its-correlation-with-aggression-a-case-control-study
#6
R K Solanki, P Sharma, A Tyagi, C Singh
BACKGROUND: The evidence of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis dysfunction in schizophrenia has been reviewed in the context of the stress-diathesis model. Overactivation of this axis leads to altered blood levels of cortisol and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S). These neurosteroids in turn act on the hippocampus and interact with gamma-aminobutyric acid and N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors leading to neurotoxicity and may be involved in the neurobiology of aggression. This study aimed to explore the blood level of these neurosteroids and ascertain its correlation with state aggression and psychopathology in first-episode antipsychotic-naïve schizophrenic patients...
June 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652500/positive-aspects-of-caregiving-experience-among-caregivers-of-patients-with-dementia
#7
S Grover, R Nehra, R Malhotra, N Kate
OBJECTIVE: To assess the positive aspects of caregiving and its correlates among caregivers of patients with dementia. METHODS: A total of 55 primary caregivers of patients with dementia were invited to complete the Scale for Positive Aspects of Caregiving Experience (SPACE), Coping Checklist, Social Support Questionnaire, and World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF version. Caregivers were also assessed by a clinician using the Burden Interview Schedule...
June 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652499/a-cross-sectional-cohort-study-of-prevalence-co-morbidities-and-correlates-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-among-adult-patients-admitted-to-the-li-ka-shing-psychiatric-outpatient-clinic-hong-kong
#8
V Mc Leung, L F Chan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence, co-morbidities, and correlates of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) among adult patients who attended the Li Ka Shing psychiatric outpatient clinic (LKSPC), Hong Kong. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional cohort study of patients consecutively referred to LKSPC over a 3-month period for evaluation of adult ADHD in 2 phases. In the screening phase, the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-v1.1 (ASRS-v1.1) Screener and Symptom Checklist and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS) were used in the evaluation...
June 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652498/prevalence-and-correlates-of-psychological-distress-in-adolescent-students-from-india
#9
T S Jaisoorya, D Geetha, K V Beena, M Beena, K Ellangovan, K Thennarasu
OBJECTIVE: There are limited data on the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress among adolescents in India. This study assessed psychological distress among adolescents who attended school in Kerala, India. METHODS: A total of 7560 students from 73 schools, aged 12 to 19 years completed a self-administered questionnaire that included Kessler Psychological Distress Scale and other standardised instruments to assess various domains. RESULTS: Mild psychological distress was reported by 10...
June 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652497/global-prevalence-of-elder-abuse-a-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#10
C Sh Ho, S Y Wong, M M Chiu, R Cm Ho
OBJECTIVE: Elder abuse is increasingly recognised as a global public health and social problem. There has been limited inter-study comparison of the prevalence and risk factors for elder abuse. This study aimed to estimate the pooled and subtype prevalence of elder abuse worldwide and identify significant associated risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis and meta-regression of 34 population-based and 17 non-population-based studies. RESULTS: The pooled prevalences of elder abuse were 10...
June 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387211/olanzapine-induced-pancytopenia-a-rare-but-worrying-complication
#11
N Pang, N Thrichelvam, K O Naing
Unlike clozapine, and despite its structural similarities, olanzapine is not usually associated with haematological suppression. Nonetheless this case report highlights an incident of olanzapine-induced thrombocytopenia and neutropenia in a first-contact patient. We report on a 50-year-old male who presented with 7 years of delusions and hallucinations. A diagnosis of schizophrenia was made in the absence of any suggestive features of mood disorders, substance abuse or organicity, and olanzapine as second-line treatment...
March 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387210/impact-of-cognition-and-clinical-factors-on-functional-outcome-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#12
A Soni, P Singh, R Shah, S Bagotia
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of different clinical variables and cognition on functional outcome in patients with bipolar disorder. METHODS: A total of 61 euthymic patients with bipolar disorder and 30 healthy individuals were included in the study. The patients were divided into low functioning (n = 30) or high functioning (n = 31) subgroups based on functioning level measured by Global Assessment of Functioning Scale score. Groups were subjected to neurocognitive and clinical assessment...
March 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387209/college-binge-drinking-and-its-association-with-depression-and-anxiety-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
R Nourse, P Adamshick, J Stoltzfus
OBJECTIVE: Binge drinking is a significant public health problem across college campuses in the United States. Despite substantial research and the use of evidence-based methods, the binge drinking culture remains an obstinate health crisis on campuses. This study examined the current binge drinking rate on a selected college campus, the association between binge drinking and anxiety and depression as well as the associated consequences of students' alcohol use. METHODS: A sample of 201 students from a small, private Mid-Atlantic college completed validated scales as well as demographics and questionnaires...
March 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387208/validation-of-an-instrument-to-assess-the-mental-capacity-to-sign-an-enduring-power-of-attorney
#14
R Sf Ko, V Wc Lui, K C Lai, C Cy Chiu, L Cw Lam
OBJECTIVE: To describe the validation of an instrument to assess the mental capacity of an individual to sign an enduring power of attorney. METHODS: An instrument named Capacity Assessment to Sign an Enduring Power of Attorney (CASEPA) was developed following a literature review, focus group discussions, expert reviews, and pilot testing. Chinese persons aged ≥ 60 years who had a range of cognitive abilities were recruited from elderly care centres in Hong Kong to explore its psychometric properties...
March 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387207/validation-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-revised-clinical-interview-schedule-findings-from-hong-kong-mental-morbidity-survey
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
W C Chan, C Sm Wong, E Yh Chen, R Mk Ng, S F Hung, E Fc Cheung, P C Sham, H Fk Chiu, M Lam, W C Chang, E Hm Lee, T P Chiang, J Tf Lau, J van Os, G Lewis, P Bebbington, L Cw Lam
This study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule (C-CIS-R), and explore its applicability as a diagnostic instrument for common mental disorders (CMDs) in Hong Kong. Its psychometric properties were evaluated among 140 patients and 161 healthy controls. In comparison to the diagnoses made by the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV, the C-CIS-R showed good criterion validity in diagnosing CMDs. The correlation of the total score of C-CIS-R with the 12-item General Health Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was satisfactory, indicating favourable convergent validity as well...
March 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053283/co-morbidity-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-clinical-study-from-india
#16
P Jacob, S Srinath, S Girimaji, S Seshadri, J V Sagar
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities in children and adolescents diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder at a tertiary care child and adolescent psychiatry centre. METHODS: A total of 63 children and adolescents who were diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and fulfilled the inclusion criteria were comprehensively assessed for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric co-morbidities...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053282/psychological-adjustment-of-siblings-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-hong-kong
#17
J Yn Chan, K Yc Lai
OBJECTIVES: Findings about the psychological adjustment of siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder have been inconsistent in western literature and little is known among non-western societies. This study explored the psychological adjustment of siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder in Hong Kong. METHODS: A total of 116 families with siblings of children with autism spectrum disorders co-morbid with learning disability were included in the study...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053281/recurrent-psychotic-episodes-with-a-near-monthly-cycle
#18
K I Che
A 12-year-old girl presented to the mental health service for an abrupt onset of mental changes characterised by hearing voices and being paranoid. She appeared preoccupied and her mood was labile. There was no family history of mental illness, and no organic causes were identified. These symptoms subsided spontaneously in a week. However, she experienced 3 other similar psychotic episodes afterwards which happened in a near-monthly cycle. Her level of functioning was normal between these episodes. Throughout the course of the illness, it was noted that these mental state changes might be related to the menstrual cycle...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053280/outcome-of-a-knowledge-contact-based-anti-stigma-programme-in-adolescents-and-adults-in-the-chinese-population
#19
E Fung, T L Lo, R Ws Chan, F Cc Woo, C Wl Ma, B Sm Mak
A lack of knowledge about mental health and stigma of the mentally ill are barriers to the treatment of mental disorders. To reduce these barriers, anti-stigma campaigns using a knowledge contact approach were launched to raise public mental health knowledge by education and to reduce stigma by encouraging contact with individuals with mental disorders. The current study attempted to investigate the outcome of a knowledge contact-based programme in adolescents and adults in the Hong Kong Chinese population...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053279/prevalence-of-maternal-affective-disorders-in-chinese-mothers-of-preschool-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#20
Y W Yu, K H Chung, Y K Lee, W C Lam, M Gc Yiu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of affective disorders and identify their associated factors among Chinese mothers of preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Autism Spectrum Disorders Multidisciplinary Clinic of the United Christian Hospital from August 2012 to June 2013. All mothers of a consecutive series of preschool children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders at their first visit to the clinic were recruited...
December 2016: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
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