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East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921744/clozapine-related-paroxysmal-supraventricular-tachycardia-a-case-report
#1
S J Kim, M S Gim
Clozapine is considered to be more effective than other antipsychotic drugs for treating treatmentresistant schizophrenia. However, side effects of clozapine include agranulocytosis and, less commonly, cardiovascular disease, which is occasionally fatal. We describe a 56-year-old woman who developed clozapine-related paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia during clozapine dose titration and had a recurrence despite being treated with verapamil. For treatment-resistant schizophrenia, a slow titration of the clozapine dose is necessary, and potential cardiac side-effects should be monitored...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921743/arachnoid-cyst-causing-depression-and-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-a-case-report
#2
M Shettar, R Karkal, R Misra, A Kakunje, V V Mohan Chandran, R D Mendonsa
Arachnoid cysts are benign space-occupying brain lesions that contain cerebrospinal fluid. Most cases are congenital in origin, caused by failed fusion of the arachnoid membrane early in fetal development. Cases are often incidentally detected on neuroimaging; however, rarely patients present with neuropsychiatric manifestations when cysts expand and cause a midline shift, compression of nearby brain tissue or cerebrospinal fluid compartments or both. We report a case of a 56-year-old woman with no past history or family history of psychiatric illness who developed acute-onset right-sided weakness, depressive symptoms, and other neuropsychiatric deficits...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921742/attitude-of-indian-medical-students-towards-homosexuality
#3
A Kar, S Mukherjee, A Ventriglio, D Bhugra
INTRODUCTION: It is important to understand the attitude of medical students towards homosexuality, as this may affect patient care. METHODS: Year 2 and 3 students at Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata, India were asked to selfadminister an 18-item questionnaire anonymously. Internal consistency of the questionnaire statements was high (Cronbach's alpha of 0.91). There were five responses for each statement: strongly agree, generally agree, unsure, generally disagree, and strongly disagree...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921741/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-c-reactive-protein-level-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-before-and-after-pharmacotherapy
#4
A Adhikari, R Dikshit, S Karia, S Sonavane, N Shah, A De Sousa
BACKGROUND: Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level are useful biomarkers of inflammation. This study aimed to assess NLR and CRP level in patients with major depressive disorder before and after pharmacotherapy to determine whether NLR or CRP could be used as biomarkers of severity of major depression and whether there was any sex difference. METHODOLOGY: Patients with major depression who received no pharmacotherapy 1 month prior to the study were included...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921740/association-between-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-subunit-2b-gene-polymorphisms-and-personality-traits-in-a-young-japanese-population
#5
S Narita, Y Onozawa, E Yoshihara, D Nishizawa, M Numajiri, K Ikeda, K Iwahashi
OBJECTIVE: The N -methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit 2B (GluN2B) is involved in regulation of anxiety and depression and nervous activity in the brain. Single nucleotide polymorphisms of the GluN2B gene ( GRIN2B ) are associated with human mental function and behaviour. We investigated whether four GRIN2B polymorphisms (rs7301328, rs1806201, rs1805247, and rs1805502) affect characterisation of personality traits. METHODS: In 248 young people, GRIN2B polymorphisms were analysed, and personality traits were assessed using the Neuroticism Extraversion Openness-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI)...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921739/posttraumatic-stress-after-treatment-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#6
K K Wu, V W Cho, F L Chow, A Py Tsang, D M Tse
OBJECTIVE: To study posttraumatic stress in patients after treatment in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 136 adult patients with critical medical and surgical problems who were discharged from the ICU of the Caritas Medical Centre, Hong Kong. Their occurrence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression after ICU treatment were measured using the Impact of Event Scale-Revised and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
June 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588433/sexual-dysfunction-in-patients-with-antidepressant-treated-anxiety-or-depressive-disorders-a-pragmatic-multivariable-longitudinal-study
#7
S Preeti, S D Jayaram, A Chittaranjan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate early evolution, tolerability, and predictors of antidepressant-emergent sexual dysfunction in patients with anxiety or depressive disorder. METHODS: Patients with anxiety or depressive disorders who were prescribed antidepressant monotherapy (mirtazapine, sertraline, desvenlafaxine, escitalopram, or fluoxetine) at the discretion of the treating clinician were recruited from July 2012 to June 2014 from a hospital outpatient service. All were free of psychotropic medication for least 1 month...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576554/electrocardiographic-monitoring-of-psychiatric-in-patients-taking-antipsychotic-medications
#8
M M Kwan, D Gh Nguyen, R Mk Ng
OBJECTIVE: To assess the adherence to guidelines for electrocardiographic (ECG) monitoring in Hong Kong psychiatric in-patients who have been prescribed antipsychotic medications. METHODS: In-patients who had been prescribed antipsychotic drugs on hospital admission during the baseline audit period of 15 April 2015 to 16 July 2015 and the re-audit period of 28 January 2016 to 30 April 2016 were included. Quality improvement interventions were delivered after the baseline audit...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576553/self-harm-and-suicide-attempts-in-a-japanese-psychiatric-hospital
#9
S Tanimoto, S Yayama, S Suto, K Matoba, T Kajiwara, M Inoue, Y Endo, M Yamakawa, K Makimoto
OBJECTIVE: Self-harm and attempted suicide are risk factors for suicide in psychiatric hospital in-patients. This study aimed to analyse the circumstances of self-harm and suicide attempts in a Japanese psychiatric hospital so as to improve management and care. METHODS: Incident reports of self-harm and suicide attempts during a 12.4-year period from November 2000 to March 2013 were reviewed. A descriptive analysis was conducted in terms of age, sex, and diagnosis of patients, as well as level, ward, situations, and causes of incidents...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576552/frontal-theta-asymmetry-as-a-biomarker-of-depression
#10
A S Dharmadhikari, A L Tandle, S V Jaiswal, V A Sawant, V N Vahia, N Jog
INTRODUCTION: Electroencephalography (EEG) has been used extensively to study affective disorders. Quantitative spectral analysis of an EEG scan has been used to assess the biological basis of emotional disorders such as depression as well as to investigate biomarkers of affective disorders. Inter-hemispheric asymmetries in both baseline and stimulus-evoked frequencies (alpha, beta, theta, and delta) are potential biomarkers of depression. The role of frontal alpha asymmetry has been established, but other spectral frequencies such as frontal theta remain elusive...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576551/symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-obese-singaporeans-a-preliminary-study
#11
C Sh Ho, Y Lu, N Ndukwe, M Wp Chew, A Shabbir, J By So, R Cm Ho
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major component of metabolic syndrome and an independent risk factor for various chronic diseases. It is also closely associated with mental illness, and the interaction is complex and multifactorial. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms among obese Singaporeans. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of 36 male and 47 female obese Singaporeans who had been referred to the weight management clinic of National University Hospital, Singapore, between January 2010 and November 2011 were collected...
March 2018: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259147/feasibility-and-clinical-utility-of-high-definition-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-in-the-treatment-of-persistent-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia
#12
A Bose, V Shivakumar, H Chhabra, R Parlikar, V S Sreeraj, D Dinakaran, J C Narayanaswamy, G Venkatasubramanian
Persistent auditory verbal hallucination is a clinically significant problem in schizophrenia. Recent studies suggest a promising role for add-on transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in treatment. An optimised version of tDCS, namely high-definition tDCS (HD-tDCS), uses smaller electrodes arranged in a 4x1 ring configuration and may offer more focal and predictable neuromodulation than conventional tDCS. This case report illustrates the feasibility and clinical utility of add-on HD-tDCS over the left temporoparietal junction in a 4x1 ring configuration to treat persistent auditory verbal hallucination in schizophrenia...
December 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259146/increasing-the-continuity-of-care-between-primary-care-provider-and-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-singapore
#13
H Huang, D Poremski, Y L Goh, M Hendriks, D Fung
INTRODUCTION: People who have a mental illness and who are stable on their current treatment may be suitable for follow-up care with a community-based general practitioner. A general practitioner-partnership programme was designed in an institute in Singapore to facilitate the transition to community services. However, the rates of successful referrals were low. METHODS: Our study followed the format of a quality improvement project, and used administrative data from April 2014 to June 2016 to gauge the impact of the interventions chosen to improve uptake of referrals...
December 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259145/fear-of-fear-and-broad-dimensions-of-psychopathology-over-the-course-of-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-in-japan
#14
S Ogawa, M Kondo, K Ino, T Ii, R Imai, T A Furukawa, T Akechi
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship of fear of fear and broad dimensions of psychopathology in panic disorder with agoraphobia over the course of cognitive behavioural therapy in Japan. METHODS: A total of 177 Japanese patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia were treated with group cognitive behavioural therapy between 2001 and 2015. We examined associations between the change scores in Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire or Body Sensations Questionnaire and the changes in subscales of Symptom Checklist-90 Revised during cognitive behavioural therapy controlling the change in panic disorder severity using multiple regression analysis...
December 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259144/antidepressants-for-depression-associated-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-meta-analytical-study-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#15
A Paraschakis, A H Katsanos
INTRODUCTION: Depression following traumatic brain injury is experienced by 16% to 60% of affected patients. The present study aimed to update the best evidence-based pharmacological treatments for tackling such chronic and debilitating disorders. METHODS: We systematically reviewed and meta-analysed randomised controlled trials published from 1990 until August 2017 that compared the efficacy of antidepressants with placebo in the treatment of post-traumatic brain injury depression...
December 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259143/positive-aspects-of-caregiving-and-its-correlates-among-caregivers-of-bipolar-affective-disorder
#16
S Grover, N Kate, S Chakrabarti, A Avasthi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the positive aspects of caregiving and its correlates (socio-demographic and clinical variables, caregiver burden, coping, quality of life, psychological morbidity) in the primary caregivers of patients with bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). METHODS: A total of 60 primary caregivers of patients with a diagnosis of BPAD were evaluated on the Scale for Positive Aspects of Caregiving Experience (SPACE) and the Hindi version of Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire, Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS), modified Hindi version of Coping Checklist, shorter Hindi version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF), and Hindi translated version of 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12)...
December 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993545/folie-%C3%A3-deux-by-proxy-in-a-father-after-physical-abuse-by-a-mentally-ill-daughter
#17
J L Tay, Z Li
This is the first case report in a country predominated by Chinese that describes the physical abuse of a recipient by the inducer in shared delusional disorder. The report describes a 42-year-old patient who physically abused her father until he submitted to her delusions. Subsequently and for years, both sustained persecutory delusions against their neighbours. While the patient was undergoing treatment, the father continued reinforcing her delusions. There is a need to explore the possibility of any forms of abuse of the recipient by the inducer in shared psychotic disorder...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993544/distress-related-to-individual-depressive-symptoms-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thai-patients-with-major-depression
#18
T Rungpetchwong, S Likhitsathian, S Jaranai, M Srisurapanont
OBJECTIVE: To examine the distress related to individual depressive symptoms, the correlation between symptom distress and disability, and the gender difference in distress levels in patients with major depressive disorder. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, observational study carried out at a university hospital providing tertiary care in northern Thailand. Participants were patients with major depressive disorder aged between 18 and 65 years. Depression severity was self-rated using the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9)...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993543/psychiatric-and-behavioural-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-with-epilepsy
#19
K A Salayev, B Sanne, R Salayev
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the psychiatric and behavioural symptoms in children and adolescents with epilepsy. METHODS: Patients with epilepsy and aged 4 to 16 years were recruited from a medical centre in Azerbaijan during January 2012 to December 2013. A community sample was drawn from 3 schools as the comparison group. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was administered to parents of both patients with epilepsy and children in the comparison group...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993542/community-perceptions-of-mental-illness-in-jharkhand-india
#20
S J Sangeeta, K J Mathew
INTRODUCTION: Understanding and perceptions about mental illness vary among individuals based on their experience with the illness or their contact with the people affected by it. These may be further influenced by the individuals' sociocultural background. This study aimed to understand the differences in the beliefs about, understanding of, and explanations for mental illness between different population groups of Jharkhand, India. METHODS: During July 2014 to February 2016, we recruited the following 3 groups of individuals aged between 18 and 60 years: individuals with mental illness (group 1, n = 240), relatives of individuals with mental illness (group 2, n = 240), and the general public (group 3, n = 240)...
September 2017: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Hong Kong College of Psychiatrists
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