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Wubet Worku Takele, Amare Tariku, Fasil Wagnew Shiferaw, Amare Demsie, Wondale Getinet Alemu, Degefaye Zelalem Anlay
Background: In Ethiopia, prenatal anemia is a major public health concern affecting both the health of the woman and babies. The World Health Organization recommends to conduct repeated prevalence studies concerning prenatal anemia . However, there is no recent evidence on the magnitude of the prenatal anemia. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of prenatal anemia among women attending the Antenatal Care Clinic at the University of Gondar Referral Hospital...
2018: Anemia
Piya Rujkijyanont, Chalinee Monsereenusorn, Pimpat Manoonphol, Chanchai Traivaree
Background: Thalassemia is a common congenital hemolytic disorder. In severe cases, regular blood transfusion is essentially required. The role of premedications to prevent transfusion reactions is varied among institutions with no standard guideline. Objective: To prospectively compare the risk of transfusion reactions in thalassemia patients premedicated with acetaminophen and chlorpheniramine maleate (CPM) versus placebo prior to blood transfusion. Material and Method: A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled transfusion reaction study of 147 eligible patients was analyzed...
2018: Anemia
Fekede Weldekidan, Mesfin Kote, Meseret Girma, Negussie Boti, Teklemariam Gultie
Background: Anemia among pregnant women is one of the most common public health problems in developing country. World health organization (WHO) estimate shows nearly half of pregnant women were affected by anemia. High burden of anemia is observed in Africa particularly in Ethiopia. However, the factors that contribute to the occurrence of anemia were not exhaustively studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify determinant factors of anemia among pregnant women in Durame Town, southern Ethiopia...
2018: Anemia
Penpe Gul Firat, Ersan Ersin Demirel, Seyhan Dikci, Irfan Kuku, Oguzhan Genc
Purpose: Iron deficiency anemia is an important public health problem. Also it is considered to be a risk factor for many diseases. The study demonstrates the iron deficiency anemia frequency in glaucoma patients and compares with the normal subjects. We aimed to determine the iron deficiency anemia frequency in glaucoma patients. Methods: Prospective, controlled study in a single university hospital setting. A total of 130 normal subjects (Group 1) and 131 glaucoma patients (Group 2) were included...
2018: Anemia
Matthew Little, Chloe Zivot, Sally Humphries, Warren Dodd, Kirit Patel, Cate Dewey
Background/Objectives: To determine the prevalence and determinants of blood haemoglobin level and mild, moderate, and severe anemia in a sample of adults from rural Tamil Nadu, India. Subjects/Methods: We recruited a sample of men and nonpregnant women aged 20 years and older. Clinical health measures included blood haemoglobin concentration and body mass index. We assessed associations between anemia outcomes and sociodemographic and dietary factors using linear and logistic regression modeling...
2018: Anemia
Kemal N Kawo, Zeytu G Asfaw, Negusse Yohannes
Background: Anemia is a widely spread public health problem and affects individuals at all levels. However, there is a considerable regional variation in its distribution. Objective: Thus, this study aimed to assess and model the determinants of prevalence of anemia among children aged 6-59 months in Ethiopia. Data: Cross-sectional data from Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey was used for the analysis. It was implemented by the Central Statistical Agency from 27 December 2010 through June 2011 and the sampling technique employed was multistage...
2018: Anemia
Raden Tina Dewi Judistiani, Lani Gumilang, Sefita Aryuti Nirmala, Setyorini Irianti, Deni Wirhana, Irman Permana, Liza Sofjan, Hesty Duhita, Lies Ani Tambunan, Jeffry Iman Gurnadi, Umar Seno, Reni Ghrahani, Agnes Rengga Indrati, Yunia Sribudiani, Tetty Yuniati, Budi Setiabudiawan
Studies had shown that iron-cycling was disturbed by inflammatory process through the role of hepcidin. Pregnancy is characterized by shifts of interleukin. Our objective was to determine if 25(OH) vitamin D (colecalciferol) status was associated with ferritin, anemia, and its changes during pregnancy. Method. A cohort study was done in 4 cities in West Java, Indonesia, beginning in July 2016. Subjects were followed up until third trimester. Examinations included were maternal ferritin, colecalciferol, and haemoglobin level...
2018: Anemia
Grace Stephen, Melina Mgongo, Tamara Hussein Hashim, Johnson Katanga, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Sia Emmanueli Msuya
Background and Objective: Anaemia in pregnancy is a public health problem in developing countries. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, risk factors, and adverse perinatal outcomes of anaemia among pregnant women in Moshi Municipal, Northern Tanzania. Methods: This was a follow-up study conducted from October 2013 to June 2015. A total of 539 pregnant women were enrolled in this study. Interviews were conducted followed by determination of haemoglobin level...
2018: Anemia
Mirza Sultan Ahmad, Hadia Farooq, Sumaira Noor Maham, Zonaira Qayyum, Abdul Waheed, Waqar Nasir
The objectives of the study were to ascertain frequency of anemia and iron deficiency among children starting first year of school life and test association with height and weight. One in four children starting first year of school life in five schools of Rabwah, Pakistan, was included. Full blood counts and ferritin levels of the children included in the study were checked. Status of their height and weight was determined according to Z -score charts. Chi-square test was used to test association. Two hundred and ninety-five children with median age of 67 months were included in the study...
2018: Anemia
Abdullah Ahmed Al-Alimi, Salem Bashanfer, Mohammed Abdo Morish
Background: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most common types of nutritional anemia in the worldwide and considered a major public health problem in developing countries especially in Yemen. Therefore, this cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors of IDA among apparently healthy Yemeni students at Hodeida University. Method: Five hundred blood samples (326 males and 174 females) were collected randomly from medical students at Hodeida University...
2018: Anemia
Élida Mara Braga Rocha, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Amanda Forster Lopes, Claudio Leone, Patrícia Dore Vieira, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Sophia Cornbluth Szarfarc
Background: The iron deficiency anemia is a worldwide public problem, especially in developing countries, related to increased body needs and inadequate supply of iron from the diet. Objective: To analyze the association of food insecurity with hemoglobin concentration and the prevalence of anemia in preschool aged children in the city of Taubaté, São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 306 children of preschool age...
2018: Anemia
António Robalo Nunes, Ana Palricas Costa, Sara Lemos Rocha, Ana Garcia de Oliveira
Ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) is an intravenous iron formulation to correct iron deficiency. Although its use has been extensively studied in clinical trials, real-world evidence regarding FCM treatment is scarce. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of FCM treatment in patients with iron deficiency, with or without anemia, at a hospital outpatient clinic. Data was collected retrospectively from medical records. During this 2-year study, 459 patients were included. Mean age was 58.6 ± 17.5 years and most patients received cumulative FCM doses of 501-1000 mg (63...
2017: Anemia
Ari Indra Susanti, Edhyana Sahiratmadja, Gatot Winarno, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Herman Susanto, Ramdan Panigoro
Low hemoglobin (Hb) or anemia is common among pregnant women in developing countries which may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes and maternal deaths. Our study aimed to assess Hb level measured by midwives in primary health care facility at rural area of Jatinangor, Indonesia, and to explore whether the anemia was due to iron deficiency (IDA) or β-thalassemia trait (β-TT). Pregnant women (n = 105) had finger prick test for Hb level during a regular antenatal care examination from October to November 2016. Hb level by finger prick test was compared with venous blood, measured by complete blood count (CBC)...
2017: Anemia
Melvin H Seid, Angelia D Butcher, Ashwin Chatwani
Objective . To evaluate safety and efficacy of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) versus standard medical care (SMC) for iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) in postpartum women and women with heavy menstrual bleeding. Study Design . This open-label, multicenter study randomized women with IDA (hemoglobin ≤ 11.0 g/dL) to single doses of FCM (15 mg/kg [maximum 1000 mg]) or SMC (this treatment was determined by the investigator and there may have been no treatment). Safety data (primary outcome) were collected for 30 days...
2017: Anemia
Aimé Lukusa Kazadi, René Makuala Ngiyulu, Jean Lambert Gini-Ehungu, Jean Marie Mbuyi-Muamba, Michel Ntetani Aloni
Background . The aim of this study was to investigate and determine the risk factors associated with poor growth among SCA children. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kinshasa, the capital's country. The nutritional status was assessed using the Z scores of the anthropometric indices. Results. We gathered data on the 256 patients, 138 females (53.9%), who entered the study. The mean age at presentation was 8.4 ± 4.9 years of age. Underweight, stunting, and wasting were found, respectively, in 47...
2017: Anemia
Aklilu Alemayehu, Lealem Gedefaw, Tilahun Yemane, Yaregal Asres
Background. Anemia is one of the major health problems among refugee pregnant women in the world. Anemia among pregnant women is multifactorial and results in detrimental consequences on the mothers and infants. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and determinants of anemia among pregnant women in South Sudanese refugees, Pugnido western, Ethiopia. Methods. A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Pugnido Administration Refugee and Returnee Affairs Health Center from April 15 to June 30, 2015...
2016: Anemia
Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Sharon Odmia Sama, Helen Kuokuo Kimbi, Germain Sotoing Taiwe
Background . Malaria remains a major killer of children in Sub-Saharan Africa, while anaemia is a public health problem with significant morbidity and mortality. Examining the factors associated with moderate to severe anaemia (M d SA) and malarial anaemia as well as the haematological characteristics is essential. Methodology . Children (1-14 years) at presentation at the Regional Hospital Annex-Buea were examined clinically and blood samples were collected for malaria parasite detection and full blood count evaluation...
2016: Anemia
Huguette Turgeon O'Brien, Rosanne Blanchet, Doris Gagné, Julie Lauzière, Carole Vézina
The prevalence of iron depletion, iron deficient erythropoiesis (IDE), and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) was assessed in preschool Inuit children using soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and traditional indicators of iron status while disregarding or taking inflammation into account when defining SF cutoffs. Iron depletion was defined as follows: (1) SF < 15 μg/L regardless of the C-reactive protein (CRP) level and (2) SF < 15 or <50 μg/L with CRP ≤ 5 or >5 mg/L, respectively. IDE corresponded to iron depletion combined with total iron binding capacity > 72 μmol/L and/or transferrin saturation < 16%...
2016: Anemia
Ioannis Koutsavlis
Hemoglobin thresholds and triggers for blood transfusions have changed over the years moving from a higher to a lower level. This review article summarizes the current evidence of transfusion thresholds in the hospitalized as well as in the outpatient setting and particularly in myelodysplasia. Fatigue is the main reported symptom in this group of patients and current clinical trials are looking for a more liberal approach of red cell transfusion and the effect on quality of life as opposed to the restrictive strategy used in the critical care setting...
2016: Anemia
Shuchismita Behera, Gandham Bulliyya
Background. Anemia is a wide spread public health problem in India which affects children. The present study evaluates the prevalence of anemia and status of various hematological parameters among children of Khurda district, Odisha. Method. A total of 313 children aged 0-12 years were enrolled for the study which included preschool (0-5 years) and school aged (6-12 years) groups. Hematological indicators were measured by standard procedures, which include red blood cell (RBC) indicators, white blood cell (WBC) indicators, and plasma ferritin...
2016: Anemia
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