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Anemia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973986/multilevel-analysis-of-determinants-of-anemia-prevalence-among-children-aged-6-59-months-in-ethiopia-classical-and-bayesian-approaches
#1
Kemal N Kawo, Zeytu G Asfaw, Negusse Yohannes
Background: Anemia is a widely spread public health problem and affects individuals at all levels. However, there is a considerable regional variation in its distribution. Objective: Thus, this study aimed to assess and model the determinants of prevalence of anemia among children aged 6-59 months in Ethiopia. Data: Cross-sectional data from Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey was used for the analysis. It was implemented by the Central Statistical Agency from 27 December 2010 through June 2011 and the sampling technique employed was multistage...
2018: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888000/association-of-colecalciferol-ferritin-and-anemia-among-pregnant-women-result-from-cohort-study-on-vitamin-d-status-and-its-impact-during-pregnancy-and-childhood-in-indonesia
#2
Raden Tina Dewi Judistiani, Lani Gumilang, Sefita Aryuti Nirmala, Setyorini Irianti, Deni Wirhana, Irman Permana, Liza Sofjan, Hesty Duhita, Lies Ani Tambunan, Jeffry Iman Gurnadi, Umar Seno, Reni Ghrahani, Agnes Rengga Indrati, Yunia Sribudiani, Tetty Yuniati, Budi Setiabudiawan
Studies had shown that iron-cycling was disturbed by inflammatory process through the role of hepcidin. Pregnancy is characterized by shifts of interleukin. Our objective was to determine if 25(OH) vitamin D (colecalciferol) status was associated with ferritin, anemia, and its changes during pregnancy. Method. A cohort study was done in 4 cities in West Java, Indonesia, beginning in July 2016. Subjects were followed up until third trimester. Examinations included were maternal ferritin, colecalciferol, and haemoglobin level...
2018: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854446/anaemia-in-pregnancy-prevalence-risk-factors-and-adverse-perinatal-outcomes-in-northern-tanzania
#3
Grace Stephen, Melina Mgongo, Tamara Hussein Hashim, Johnson Katanga, Babill Stray-Pedersen, Sia Emmanueli Msuya
Background and Objective: Anaemia in pregnancy is a public health problem in developing countries. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, risk factors, and adverse perinatal outcomes of anaemia among pregnant women in Moshi Municipal, Northern Tanzania. Methods: This was a follow-up study conducted from October 2013 to June 2015. A total of 539 pregnant women were enrolled in this study. Interviews were conducted followed by determination of haemoglobin level...
2018: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850237/frequency-of-anemia-and-iron-deficiency-among-children-starting-first-year-of-school-life-and-their-association-with-weight-and-height
#4
Mirza Sultan Ahmad, Hadia Farooq, Sumaira Noor Maham, Zonaira Qayyum, Abdul Waheed, Waqar Nasir
The objectives of the study were to ascertain frequency of anemia and iron deficiency among children starting first year of school life and test association with height and weight. One in four children starting first year of school life in five schools of Rabwah, Pakistan, was included. Full blood counts and ferritin levels of the children included in the study were checked. Status of their height and weight was determined according to Z -score charts. Chi-square test was used to test association. Two hundred and ninety-five children with median age of 67 months were included in the study...
2018: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850236/prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-among-university-students-in-hodeida-province-yemen
#5
Abdullah Ahmed Al-Alimi, Salem Bashanfer, Mohammed Abdo Morish
Background: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is one of the most common types of nutritional anemia in the worldwide and considered a major public health problem in developing countries especially in Yemen. Therefore, this cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and risk factors of IDA among apparently healthy Yemeni students at Hodeida University. Method: Five hundred blood samples (326 males and 174 females) were collected randomly from medical students at Hodeida University...
2018: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568649/relation-of-food-insecurity-and-hemoglobin-level-in-preschool-aged-children
#6
Élida Mara Braga Rocha, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, Amanda Forster Lopes, Claudio Leone, Patrícia Dore Vieira, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Sophia Cornbluth Szarfarc
Background: The iron deficiency anemia is a worldwide public problem, especially in developing countries, related to increased body needs and inadequate supply of iron from the diet. Objective: To analyze the association of food insecurity with hemoglobin concentration and the prevalence of anemia in preschool aged children in the city of Taubaté, São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 306 children of preschool age...
2018: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758033/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-intravenous-ferric-carboxymaltose-in-patients-with-iron-deficiency-at-a-hospital-outpatient-clinic-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-real-world-clinical-practice
#7
António Robalo Nunes, Ana Palricas Costa, Sara Lemos Rocha, Ana Garcia de Oliveira
Ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) is an intravenous iron formulation to correct iron deficiency. Although its use has been extensively studied in clinical trials, real-world evidence regarding FCM treatment is scarce. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of FCM treatment in patients with iron deficiency, with or without anemia, at a hospital outpatient clinic. Data was collected retrospectively from medical records. During this 2-year study, 459 patients were included. Mean age was 58.6 ± 17.5 years and most patients received cumulative FCM doses of 501-1000 mg (63...
2017: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634546/low-hemoglobin-among-pregnant-women-in-midwives-practice-of-primary-health-care-jatinangor-indonesia-iron-deficiency-anemia-or-%C3%AE-thalassemia-trait
#8
Ari Indra Susanti, Edhyana Sahiratmadja, Gatot Winarno, Adhi Kristianto Sugianli, Herman Susanto, Ramdan Panigoro
Low hemoglobin (Hb) or anemia is common among pregnant women in developing countries which may cause adverse pregnancy outcomes and maternal deaths. Our study aimed to assess Hb level measured by midwives in primary health care facility at rural area of Jatinangor, Indonesia, and to explore whether the anemia was due to iron deficiency (IDA) or β-thalassemia trait (β-TT). Pregnant women (n = 105) had finger prick test for Hb level during a regular antenatal care examination from October to November 2016. Hb level by finger prick test was compared with venous blood, measured by complete blood count (CBC)...
2017: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487769/ferric-carboxymaltose-as-treatment-in-women-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#9
Melvin H Seid, Angelia D Butcher, Ashwin Chatwani
Objective . To evaluate safety and efficacy of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) versus standard medical care (SMC) for iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) in postpartum women and women with heavy menstrual bleeding. Study Design . This open-label, multicenter study randomized women with IDA (hemoglobin ≤ 11.0 g/dL) to single doses of FCM (15 mg/kg [maximum 1000 mg]) or SMC (this treatment was determined by the investigator and there may have been no treatment). Safety data (primary outcome) were collected for 30 days...
2017: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250985/factors-associated-with-growth-retardation-in-children-suffering-from-sickle-cell-anemia-first-report-from-central-africa
#10
Aimé Lukusa Kazadi, René Makuala Ngiyulu, Jean Lambert Gini-Ehungu, Jean Marie Mbuyi-Muamba, Michel Ntetani Aloni
Background . The aim of this study was to investigate and determine the risk factors associated with poor growth among SCA children. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Kinshasa, the capital's country. The nutritional status was assessed using the Z scores of the anthropometric indices. Results. We gathered data on the 256 patients, 138 females (53.9%), who entered the study. The mean age at presentation was 8.4 ± 4.9 years of age. Underweight, stunting, and wasting were found, respectively, in 47...
2017: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058116/prevalence-severity-and-determinant-factors-of-anemia-among-pregnant-women-in-south-sudanese-refugees-pugnido-western-ethiopia
#11
Aklilu Alemayehu, Lealem Gedefaw, Tilahun Yemane, Yaregal Asres
Background. Anemia is one of the major health problems among refugee pregnant women in the world. Anemia among pregnant women is multifactorial and results in detrimental consequences on the mothers and infants. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, severity, and determinants of anemia among pregnant women in South Sudanese refugees, Pugnido western, Ethiopia. Methods. A facility-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Pugnido Administration Refugee and Returnee Affairs Health Center from April 15 to June 30, 2015...
2016: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895939/malaria-moderate-to-severe-anaemia-and-malarial-anaemia-in-children-at-presentation-to-hospital-in-the-mount-cameroon-area-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Irene Ule Ngole Sumbele, Sharon Odmia Sama, Helen Kuokuo Kimbi, Germain Sotoing Taiwe
Background . Malaria remains a major killer of children in Sub-Saharan Africa, while anaemia is a public health problem with significant morbidity and mortality. Examining the factors associated with moderate to severe anaemia (M d SA) and malarial anaemia as well as the haematological characteristics is essential. Methodology . Children (1-14 years) at presentation at the Regional Hospital Annex-Buea were examined clinically and blood samples were collected for malaria parasite detection and full blood count evaluation...
2016: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382488/using-soluble-transferrin-receptor-and-taking-inflammation-into-account-when-defining-serum-ferritin-cutoffs-improved-the-diagnosis-of-iron-deficiency-in-a-group-of-canadian-preschool-inuit-children-from-nunavik
#13
Huguette Turgeon O'Brien, Rosanne Blanchet, Doris Gagné, Julie Lauzière, Carole Vézina
The prevalence of iron depletion, iron deficient erythropoiesis (IDE), and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) was assessed in preschool Inuit children using soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR) and traditional indicators of iron status while disregarding or taking inflammation into account when defining SF cutoffs. Iron depletion was defined as follows: (1) SF < 15 μg/L regardless of the C-reactive protein (CRP) level and (2) SF < 15 or <50 μg/L with CRP ≤ 5 or >5 mg/L, respectively. IDE corresponded to iron depletion combined with total iron binding capacity > 72 μmol/L and/or transferrin saturation < 16%...
2016: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27195147/transfusion-thresholds-quality-of-life-and-current-approaches-in-myelodysplastic-syndromes
#14
REVIEW
Ioannis Koutsavlis
Hemoglobin thresholds and triggers for blood transfusions have changed over the years moving from a higher to a lower level. This review article summarizes the current evidence of transfusion thresholds in the hospitalized as well as in the outpatient setting and particularly in myelodysplasia. Fatigue is the main reported symptom in this group of patients and current clinical trials are looking for a more liberal approach of red cell transfusion and the effect on quality of life as opposed to the restrictive strategy used in the critical care setting...
2016: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127647/magnitude-of-anemia-and-hematological-predictors-among-children-under-12-years-in-odisha-india
#15
Shuchismita Behera, Gandham Bulliyya
Background. Anemia is a wide spread public health problem in India which affects children. The present study evaluates the prevalence of anemia and status of various hematological parameters among children of Khurda district, Odisha. Method. A total of 313 children aged 0-12 years were enrolled for the study which included preschool (0-5 years) and school aged (6-12 years) groups. Hematological indicators were measured by standard procedures, which include red blood cell (RBC) indicators, white blood cell (WBC) indicators, and plasma ferritin...
2016: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092272/absolute-reticulocyte-count-and-reticulocyte-hemoglobin-content-as-predictors-of-early-response-to-exclusive-oral-iron-in-children-with-iron-deficiency-anemia
#16
Emilia Parodi, Maria Teresa Giraudo, Fulvio Ricceri, Maria Luigia Aurucci, Raffaela Mazzone, Ugo Ramenghi
We report data regarding kinetic of response to oral iron in 34 iron deficiency anemia children. Twenty-four/34 patients (70.5%) reached reference value of hemoglobin (Hb) concentration for age and sex at day + 30 from the beginning of treatment (complete early responders (CERs)), and 4/34 (12%) reached an Hb concentration at least 50% higher than the original (partial early responders (PERs)). CHr at T1 (within 7 days from the beginning of treatment) was significantly different in the different groups (22...
2016: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27088012/evaluation-of-serum-leptin-levels-and-growth-in-patients-with-%C3%AE-thalassaemia-major
#17
Lamia Mustafa Al-Naama, Meaad Kadum Hassan, Muhannad Maki Abdul Karim
Background. Iron deposition in the body can damage the endocrine glands of patients with β-thalassaemia major (β-TM). Leptin plays a key role in the regulation of appetite, body fat mass, and endocrine function. Objectives. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between serum leptin and growth and pubertal development in patients with β-TM, as well as whether serum leptin can predict growth retardation and delayed puberty in these patients. Methods. Fifty β-TM patients (aged 8-20 years) and 75 age-matched healthy controls were recruited...
2016: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27034825/erythropoiesis-in-malaria-infections-and-factors-modifying-the-erythropoietic-response
#18
REVIEW
Vrushali A Pathak, Kanjaksha Ghosh
Anemia is the primary clinical manifestation of malarial infections and is responsible for the substantial rate of morbidity. The pathophysiology discussed till now catalogued several causes for malarial anemia among which ineffective erythropoiesis being remarkable one occurs silently in the bone marrow. A systematic literature search was performed and summarized information on erythropoietic response upon malaria infection and the factors responsible for the same. This review summarizes the clinical and experimental studies on patients, mouse models, and in vitro cell cultures reporting erythropoietic changes upon malaria infection as well as factors accountable for the same...
2016: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022481/prevalence-of-anemia-and-its-associated-factors-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-health-institutions-of-arba-minch-town-gamo-gofa-zone-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Alemayehu Bekele, Marelign Tilahun, Aleme Mekuria
Background. Anemia during pregnancy is a major cause of morbidity and mortality of pregnant women in developing countries and has both maternal and fetal consequences. Despite its known serious effect on health, there is very little research based evidence on this vital public health problem in Gamo Gofa zone in general and in Arba Minch town of Southern Ethiopia in particular. Therefore, this study aims to assess the prevalence and factors associated with anemia among pregnant women attending antenatal care in health institutions of Arba Minch town, Gamo Gofa zone, Southern Ethiopia...
2016: Anemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966573/antianemic-treatment-of-cancer-patients-in-german-routine-practice-data-from-a-prospective-cohort-study-the-tumor-anemia-registry
#20
Tilman Steinmetz, Jan Schröder, Margarete Plath, Hartmut Link, Michèle Vogt, Melanie Frank, Norbert Marschner
The aim of this prospective cohort study was to assess current antianemic treatment of cancer patients in German routine practice, including diagnostics, treatments, and quality of life (QoL). 88 study sites recruited 1018 patients at the start of antianemic treatment with hemoglobin (Hb) levels <11 g/dL (females) or <12 g/dL (males). Patients were followed up for 12 weeks. 63% of the patients had inoperable solid tumors, 22% operable solid tumors, and 15% hematological malignancies. Over 85% received chemotherapy...
2016: Anemia
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