journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Surgical Neurology International

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770253/simultaneous-cerebrospinal-fluid-and-hematologic-metastases-in-a-high-grade-ependymoma
#1
Daniel Diaz-Aguilar, Sergei Terterov, Alexander M Tucker, Shaina Sedighim, Rudi Scharnweber, Stephanie Wang, Catherine Merna, Shayan Rahman
Background: Ependymomas are relatively uncommon tumors that constitute about 7% of all primary intracranial neoplasms. Among these, high-grade ependymomas are locally aggressive and recur most commonly at the primary site following resection. Ependymomas are also known to be the one glial neoplasm that tends to frequently metastasize inside and outside the central nervous system (CNS) that complicates workup and management. Metastasis due to surgical manipulation is common and neurosurgeons should be well-versed in the most effective methods to remove these tumors in order to avoid such metastases...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770252/utility-of-magnetic-resonance-cisternography-with-intrathecal-gadolinium-in-detection-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-fistula-associated-with-mondini-dysplasia-in-a-patient-with-recurrent-meningitis-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Enrique Caro-Osorio, Alba Espino-Ojeda, Lino Guevara-Maldonado, José C Herrea-Castro
Background: The intrathecal contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance cisternography (MRC) is a diagnostic method that has been proven effective in selected patients with various disorders of the cerebrospinal system, including the detection of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks. The Mondini dysplasia is a malformation of the inner ear characterized by an incomplete cochlear development. The cerebrospinal fistula associated with Mondini dysplasia usually occurs in the first 5-10 years. Case Description: The case of a 34-year-old woman with CSF rhinorrhea and recurrent meningitis associated with CSF fistula into the right inner ear, which was detected by MRC with intrathecal gadolinium, is presented...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770251/review-of-the-neurological-benefits-of-phytocannabinoids
#3
REVIEW
Joseph Maroon, Jeff Bost
Background: Numerous physical, psychological, and emotional benefits have been attributed to marijuana since its first reported use in 2,600 BC in a Chinese pharmacopoeia. The phytocannabinoids, cannabidiol (CBD), and delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) are the most studied extracts from cannabis sativa subspecies hemp and marijuana. CBD and Δ9-THC interact uniquely with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Through direct and indirect actions, intrinsic endocannabinoids and plant-based phytocannabinoids modulate and influence a variety of physiological systems influenced by the ECS...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770250/the-usefulness-of-indocyanine-green-during-surgery-for-hypervascular-posterior-fossa-tumors
#4
Takahiro Shinya, Hideki Nagamine, Ken-Ichi Sugawara, Shogo Ishiuchi
Background: Cerebral hemangioblastomas are benign tumors with abundant blood flow that occur mainly in the posterior fossa. Tumor removal en bloc is important in surgical treatment because of the risk of bleeding; however, it is actually rather difficult in practice. Therefore, we propose a surgical strategy for visualizing hypervascular tumors of the posterior fossa utilizing indocyanine green (ICG). Case Description: Case 1 involved a 48-year-old male with a history of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740510/the-coming-economic-world-crisis
#5
EDITORIAL
James I Ausman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740509/chiari-i-malformation-with-acute-neurological-deficit-after-craniocervical-trauma-case-report-imaging-and-anatomic-considerations
#6
Josha A Woodward, David E Adler
Background: In patients with Chiari I malformation (CMI), the occurrence of acute neurologic deficit after craniocervical trauma is rare. However, the pathologic potential of exacerbating anatomic overcrowding of the posterior fossa has immense clinical consequences and prompt recognition is essential. Case Description: This case study describes a 41-year-old male who sustained a single blow to the face, fell, and struck the occiput. On admission, neurological examination revealed a profound paraparesis, upper extremity diplegia, a C4 sensory level and apnea that required intubation...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740508/case-presentation-and-short-perspective-on-management-of-foraminal-far-lateral-discs-and-stenosis
#7
REVIEW
Nancy E Epstein
Background: The management of lumbar foraminal/far lateral discs (FOR/FLD) with stenosis remains controversial. Operative choices should be based on each patient's preoperative dynamic X-ray findings, magnetic resonance (MR), and computed tomography (CT) studies. Here we reviewed several options for decompression alone vs. decompression with fusion. Methods: Safe excision of FOR/FLD with stenosis should begin at the level above the disc herniation, as identification of the superior, foraminally, and far laterally exiting nerve root is critical...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740507/major-risks-and-complications-of-cervical-epidural-steroid-injections-an-updated-review
#8
REVIEW
Nancy E Epstein
Background: Too many patients, with or without significant cervical disease, unnecessarily undergo cervical epidural steroid injections (CESIs). These include interlaminar (ICESI) and transforaminal ESI (TF-CESI) injections that are not Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved, have no documented long-term efficacy, and carry severe risks and complications. Methods: Here we reviewed recent reports of morbidity and mortality attributed to the various types of CESIS...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740506/carotid-artery-stenting-vs-carotid-endarterectomy-in-the-management-of-carotid-artery-stenosis-lessons-learned-from-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Mohamed M Salem, Abdulrahman Y Alturki, Matthew R Fusco, Ajith J Thomas, Bob S Carter, Clark C Chen, Ekkehard M Kasper
Background: Carotid artery stenosis, both symptomatic and asymptomatic, has been well studied with several multicenter randomized trials. The superiority of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) to medical therapy alone in both symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis has been well established in previous trials in the 1990s. The consequent era of endovascular carotid artery stenting (CAS) has offered another option for treating carotid artery stenosis. A series of randomized trials have now been conducted to compare CEA and CAS in the treatment of carotid artery disease...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740505/incidence-of-dysphagia-after-odontoid-screw-fixation-of-type-ii-odontoid-fracture-in-the-elderly
#10
Rudy D Marciano, Brian Seaman, Saurabh Sharma, Teresa Wood, Chris Karas, Kailash Narayan
Background: Although surgery may reduce mortality rates from type II odontoid fractures in the elderly population, post-operative dysphagia resulting from screw fixation remains a serious complication. Methods: We retrospectively performed a chart review of patients over 65 years of age who underwent odontoid screw placement for type II odontoid fractures (2009-2014) and sustained post-operative dysphagia. The severity of dysphagia was determined based on the requirements for modified diets, PEG tubes, and prolonged length of stay (LOS), while costs were based upon discharge disposition (e...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740504/epidural-abscess-presenting-as-severe-depression-with-suicidal-ideations-case-report
#11
Erin D'Agostino, Vyacheslav Makler, David F Bauer
Background: Epidural abscess (EDA) is an uncommon form of intracranial infection that generally presents with fever, headache, and focal neurologic deficit. Imaging generally reveals a lentiform collection with diffusion restriction on diffusion weighted image. We present an interesting case in which a patient with EDA presented with three weeks of depression with suicidal ideations. The patient displayed no notable infectious signs and the imaging was suggestive of chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) rather than EDA...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740503/occipital-artery-to-extracranial-vertebral-artery-anastomosis-for-bilateral-vertebral-artery-stenosis-at-the-origin-a-case-report
#12
Masahito Katsuki, Yasunaga Yamamoto, Naomichi Wada, Yukinari Kakizawa
Background: Revascularization of posterior circulation is essential in patients with severe bilateral vertebral artery (VA) stenosis despite administering maximal medical treatment, due to the high mortality of posterior circulation stroke. Case Description: We present a 69-year-old man with bilateral severe VA stenosis at the origins, treated with occipital artery (OA)-distal VA anastomosis. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment and other surgical treatments, such as bypass grafting, are effective, but OA-VA anastomosis is a safe and effective procedure for revascularization of the posterior circulation...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722361/erratum-engraftment-neuroglial-transdifferentiation-and-behavioral-recovery-after-complete-spinal-cord-transection-in-rats
#13
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 19 in vol. 9, PMID: 29497572.].
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721359/acute-cauda-equina-syndrome-following-orthopedic-procedures-as-a-result-of-epidural-anesthesia
#14
Lisa B E Shields, Vasudeva G Iyer, Yi Ping Zhang, Christopher B Shields
Background: Cauda equina syndrome (CES) is a rare complication of spinal or epidural anesthesia. It is attributed to direct mechanical injury to the spinal roots of the cauda equina that may result in saddle anesthesia and paraplegia with bowel and bladder dysfunction. Case Description: The first patient underwent a hip replacement and received 5 mL of 1% lidocaine epidural anesthesia. Postoperatively, when the patient developed an acute CES, the lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan demonstrated clumping/posterior displacement of nerve roots of the cauda equina consistent with adhesive arachnoiditis attributed to the patient's previous L4-L5 lumbar decompression/fusion...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721358/mirror-image-of-bilateral-daca-aneurysm-with-its-successful-surgical-management
#15
Saraj K Singh, Kapil Jain, Vijendra K Jain, Arun Saroha
Background: Among various locations of intracranial aneurysms reported in the literature, two different aneurysms situated symmetrically opposite on bilateral distal anterior cerebral arteries (DACA) are very rare. Case Description: Here, we report a rare case of mirror image distal anterior cerebral aneurysm in a middle-aged male patient. The patient presented with severe headache and loss of consciousness. Angiography was done which suggested mirror imaging of two aneurysms located over both DACA...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721357/spinal-angiolipoma-mimicking-a-schwannoma-a-case-report
#16
Abrar A Wani, Arif H Sarmast, Altaf U Ramzan, Abdul Q Khan, Sarabjit S Chhibber, Nayil K Malik, Feroz Shaheen
Background: Angiolipomas rarely involve the spinal canal/foramina, and may prove difficult to differentiate from schwannomas. Case Description: Here we report a patient who presented with a spinal angiolipoma contributing to spinal cord and neural foraminal compression that was difficult to differentiate from a schwannoma. Conclusion: Spinal angiolipomas rarely involve the spinal canal/foramina. Utilizing neurodiagnostic studies with pathological confirmation, these lesions may be differentiated from schwannomas...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721356/accuracy-of-percutaneous-pedicle-screw-insertion-in-spinal-fixation-of-traumatic-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine-fractures
#17
Tamer Orief, Mohammad Alfawareh, Mohammad Halawani, Walid Attia, Khaled Almusrea
Background: Percutaneous insertion of pedicle screws was developed as a minimally invasive alternative to the different open spinal procedures. Here, we determined the accuracy of percutaneous pedicle screw insertion. Methods: For 60 consecutive patients with thoracic/lumbar spine fractures, computed tomography (CT) studies were utilized to assess the accuracy of percutaneous pedicle screw positioning. A screw was identified as cortical encroachment if the pedicle cortex could not be visualized, while Frank penetration was defined if screw trajectory being located obviously outside the pedicle boundaries [e...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721355/pituitary-fossa-chondrosarcoma-an-unusual-cause-of-a-sellar-suprasellar-mass-masquerading-as-pituitary-adenoma
#18
Gautam Dutta, Daljit Singh, Hukum Singh, Arvind Kumar Srivastava, Anita Jagetia, Deepashu Sachdeva
Background: Chondrosarcoma is a mesenchymal malignant tumor composed of tumor cells producing cartilage. It is more commonly found in older age group and usually affects the axial skeleton. Intracranial chondrosarcoma is extremely rare, and chondrosarcoma arising from the sellar region are even rarer with only a few cases described in the literature. We report a case of chondrosarcoma mimicking a sellar suprasellar mass with parasellar extension. Case Description: A 22-year old male presented with generalized intermittent headache along with diplopia and diminished visual acuity without any history of sexual dysfunction or galactorrhea...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721354/unilateral-s2-alar-iliac-screws-for-spinopelvic-fixation
#19
Alireza K Nazemi, Anirudh K Gowd, Alexander R Vaccaro, Jonathan J Carmouche, Caleb J Behrend
Background: This study compared the clinical complications, radiographic measurements of deformity, and quality of life outcomes for patients with de novo scoliosis undergoing thoracolumbar fusions for spinopelvic fixation (SPF) utilizing unilateral S2 alar-iliac (S2AI) screw or unilateral iliac bolt fixation. Methods: This retrospective review was performed in 29 patients who underwent SPF at one institution; 10 patients received unilateral S2AI screws, and 19 patients received unilateral iliac bolts...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721353/immunoexcitotoxicity-as-the-central-mechanism-of-etiopathology-and-treatment-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-a-possible-role-of-fluoride-and-aluminum
#20
REVIEW
Anna Strunecka, Russell L Blaylock, Jiri Patocka, Otakar Strunecky
Our review suggests that most autism spectrum disorder (ASD) risk factors are connected, either directly or indirectly, to immunoexcitotoxicity. Chronic brain inflammation is known to enhance the sensitivity of glutamate receptors and interfere with glutamate removal from the extraneuronal space, where it can trigger excitotoxicity over a prolonged period. Neuroscience studies have clearly shown that sequential systemic immune stimulation can activate the brain's immune system, microglia, and astrocytes, and that with initial immune stimulation, there occurs CNS microglial priming...
2018: Surgical Neurology International
journal
journal
43152
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"