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World Journal of Stem Cells

Ming-Fang Wang, You-Bing Li, Xiao-Juan Gao, Hao-Yang Zhang, Su Lin, Yue-Yong Zhu
AIM: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of autologous stem cell transplantation (SCT) for decompensated liver cirrhosis. METHODS: Consecutive patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis were included and assigned into the SCT group and non-transplantation (non-SCT) group according to whether they received SCT treatment. Patients were followed up for ten years. The long-term survival rate and incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were compared between groups...
October 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Milton Artur Ruiz, Roberto Luiz Kaiser Junior, Lilian Piron-Ruiz, Tatiana Peña-Arciniegas, Priscila Samara Saran, Luiz Gustavo De Quadros
Crohn's disease (CD) is an inflammatory bowel disease that can affect any site of the digestive system. It occurs due to an immunological imbalance and is responsible for intestinal mucosal lesions and complications such as fistulas and stenoses. Treatment aims to stabilize the disease, reducing the symptoms and healing intestinal lesions. Surgical procedures are common in patients. Cell therapy was initially used to treat this disease in patients who also suffered from lymphoma and leukemia and were considered to be good candidates for autologous and allogeneic transplantation...
October 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Mei Li Ng, Nagendra S Yarla, Mario Menschikowski, Olga A Sukocheva
Balanced sphingolipid signaling is important for the maintenance of homeostasis. Sphingolipids were demonstrated to function as structural components, second messengers, and regulators of cell growth and survival in normal and disease-affected tissues. Particularly, sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) and its product sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) operate as mediators and facilitators of proliferation-linked signaling. Unlimited proliferation (self-renewal) within the regulated environment is a hallmark of progenitor/stem cells that was recently associated with the S1P signaling network in vasculature, nervous, muscular, and immune systems...
September 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Mohammed E Grawish
The gingiva, the masticatory portion of the oral mucosa, is excised and discarded frequently during routine dental treatments and following tooth extraction, dental crown lengthening, gingivectomy and periodontal surgeries. Subsequent to excision, healing eventually happens in a short time period after gingival surgery. Clinically, the gingival tissue can be collected very easily and, in the laboratory, it is also very easy to isolate gingival-derived mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) from this discarded gingival tissue...
September 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Erzsebet Lazar, Theodora Benedek, Szilamer Korodi, Nora Rat, Jocelyn Lo, Imre Benedek
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) continue to represent the number one cause of death and disability in industrialized countries. The most severe form of CVD is acute myocardial infarction (AMI), a devastating disease associated with high mortality and disability. In a substantial proportion of patients who survive AMI, loss of functional cardiomyocytes as a result of ischaemic injury leads to ventricular failure, resulting in significant alteration to quality of life and increased mortality. Therefore, many attempts have been made in recent years to identify new tools for the regeneration of functional cardiomyocytes...
August 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Jacobo Trébol, Ana Carabias-Orgaz, Mariano García-Arranz, Damián García-Olmo
Faecal continence is a complex function involving different organs and systems. Faecal incontinence is a common disorder with different pathogeneses, disabling consequences and high repercussions for quality of life. Current management modalities are not ideal, and the development of new treatments is needed. Since 2008, stem cell therapies have been validated, 36 publications have appeared (29 in preclinical models and seven in clinical settings), and six registered clinical trials are currently ongoing. Some publications have combined stem cells with bioengineering technologies...
July 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Maria Teresa Valenti, Luca Dalle Carbonare, Monica Mottes
The transcription factor RUNX2 is the osteogenic master gene expressed in mesenchymal stem cells during osteogenic commitment as well as in pre-osteoblasts and early osteoblasts. However, RUNX2 is also ectopically expressed in melanoma and other cancers. Malignant melanoma (MM) is a highly metastatic skin cancer. The incidence of MM has increased considerably in the past half-century. The expression levels and mutation rates of genes such as BRAF , KIT , NRAS , PTEN , P53 , TERT and MITF are higher in melanoma than in other solid malignancies...
July 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Cristina Mambet, Mihaela Chivu-Economescu, Lilia Matei, Laura Georgiana Necula, Denisa Laura Dragu, Coralia Bleotu, Carmen Cristina Diaconu
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive malignant disease defined by abnormal expansion of myeloid blasts. Despite recent advances in understanding AML pathogenesis and identifying their molecular subtypes based on somatic mutations, AML is still characterized by poor outcomes, with a 5-year survival rate of only 30%-40%, the majority of the patients dying due to AML relapse. Leukemia stem cells (LSC) are considered to be at the root of chemotherapeutic resistance and AML relapse. Although numerous studies have tried to better characterize LSCs in terms of surface and molecular markers, a specific marker of LSC has not been found, and still the most universally accepted phenotypic signature remains the surface antigens CD34+CD38- that is shared with normal hematopoietic stem cells...
June 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Shiva Safari, Arezoo Mahdian, Saeed Reza Motamedian
A simple overview of daily orthodontic practice involves use of brackets, wires and elastomeric modules. However, investigating the underlying effect of orthodontic forces shows various molecular and cellular changes. Also, orthodontics is in close relation with dentofacial orthopedics which involves bone regeneration. In this review current and future applications of stem cells (SCs) in orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics have been discussed. For craniofacial anomalies, SCs have been applied to regenerate hard tissue (such as treatment of alveolar cleft) and soft tissue (such as treatment of hemifacial macrosomia)...
June 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Luminita Labusca, Dumitru Daniel Herea, Kaveh Mashayekhi
The use of stem cells as carriers for therapeutic agents is an appealing modality for targeting tissues or organs of interest. Combined delivery of cells together with various information molecules as therapeutic agents has the potential to enhance, modulate or even initiate local or systemic repair processes, increasing stem cell efficiency for regenerative medicine applications. Stem-cell-mediated delivery of genes, proteins or small molecules takes advantage of the innate capability of stem cells to migrate and home to injury sites...
May 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Jianbiao Zhou, Jing-Yuan Chooi, Ying Qing Ching, Jessie Yiying Quah, Sabrina Hui-Min Toh, Yvonne Ng, Tuan Zea Tan, Wee-Joo Chng
AIM: To examine whether nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) activity regulates LIN28B expression and their roles in leukemia stem cell (LSC)-like properties. METHODS: We used pharmacological inhibitor and cell viability assays to examine the relation between NF-κB and LIN28B. Western blot and qRT-PCR was employed to determine their protein and mRNA levels. Luciferase reporter was constructed and applied to explore the transcriptional regulation of LIN28B. We manipulated LIN28B level in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells and investigated LSC-like properties with colony forming and serial replating assays...
April 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Adriana Carol Eleonora Graziano, Rosanna Avola, Vincenzo Perciavalle, Ferdinando Nicoletti, Gianluca Cicala, Marinella Coco, Venera Cardile
The limited capacity of nervous system to promote a spontaneous regeneration and the high rate of neurodegenerative diseases appearance are keys factors that stimulate researches both for defining the molecular mechanisms of pathophysiology and for evaluating putative strategies to induce neural tissue regeneration. In this latter aspect, the application of stem cells seems to be a promising approach, even if the control of their differentiation and the maintaining of a safe state of proliferation should be troubled...
March 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Shengwen Calvin Li, Mustafa H Kabeer
Pediatric origin of cancer stem cell hypothesis holds great promise and potential in adult cancer treatment, however; the road to innovation is full of obstacles as there are plenty of questions left unanswered. First, the key question is to characterize the nature of such stem cells (concept). Second, the quantitative imaging of pediatric stem cells should be implemented (technology). Conceptually, pediatric stem cell origins of adult cancer are based on the notion that plasticity in early life developmental programming evolves local environments to cancer...
February 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Jacobo Trébol, Tihomir Georgiev-Hristov, Luz Vega-Clemente, Ignacio García-Gómez, Ana Carabias-Orgaz, Mariano García-Arranz, Damián García-Olmo
AIM: To establish a rat model of anal sphincter injury and test different systems to provide stem cells to injured area. METHODS: Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) were isolated from BDIX rats and were transfected with green fluorescent protein (GFP) for cell tracking. Biosutures (sutures covered with ASCs) were prepared with 1.5 x 106 GFP-ASCs, and solutions of 106 GFP-ASCs in normal saline were prepared for injection. Anorectal normal anatomy was studied on Wistar and BDIX female rats...
January 26, 2018: World Journal of Stem Cells
Margaret Coutts, Rowena Soriano, Rajendran Naidoo, Habib Torfi
Clinical and laboratory results document psoriatic arthritis in a 56-year old patient. The symptoms did not resolve with standard treatments (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids and methotrexate). TNF-alpha inhibitors (certolizumab pegol and adalimumab) were added to the treatment regime, with some adverse effects. A trial of human umbilical cord stem cell therapy was then initiated. The stem cells were enriched and concentrated from whole cord blood, by removal of erythrocytes and centrifugation...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
Adriana Plesa, Charles Dumontet, Eve Mattei, Ines Tagoug, Sandrine Hayette, Pierre Sujobert, Isabelle Tigaud, Marie Pierre Pages, Youcef Chelghoum, Fiorenza Baracco, Helene Labussierre, Sophie Ducastelle, Etienne Paubelle, Franck Emmanuel Nicolini, Mohamed Elhamri, Lydia Campos, Claudiu Plesa, Stéphane Morisset, Gilles Salles, Yves Bertrand, Mauricette Michallet, Xavier Thomas
AIM: To evaluate the importance of the CD34+CD38- cell population when compared to the CD34+CD38+/low and CD34+CD38+/high leukemic cell sub-populations and to determine its correlations with leukemia characteristics and known prognostic factors, as well as with response to therapy and survival. METHODS: Two hundred bone marrow samples were obtained at diagnosis from 200 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were studied between September 2008 and December 2010 at our Institution (Hematology Department, Lyon, France)...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
Larisa Broglie, David Margolis, Jeffrey A Medin
Acquired aplastic anemia (AA) is a bone marrow failure syndrome characterized by peripheral cytopenias and bone marrow hypoplasia. It is ultimately fatal without treatment, most commonly from infection or hemorrhage. Current treatments focus on suppressing immune-mediated destruction of bone marrow stem cells or replacing hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) by transplantation. Our incomplete understanding of the pathogenesis of AA has limited development of targeted treatment options. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) play a vital role in HSC proliferation; they also modulate immune responses and maintain an environment supportive of hematopoiesis...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
Maria Dorobantu, Nicoleta-Monica Popa-Fotea, Mihaela Popa, Iulia Rusu, Miruna Mihaela Micheu
Despite optimal interventional and medical therapy, ischemic heart disease is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Although not included in standard of care rehabilitation, stem cell therapy (SCT) could be a solution for prompting cardiac regeneration. Multiple studies have been published from the beginning of SCT until now, but overall no unanimous conclusion could be drawn in part due to the lack of appropriate end-points. In order to appreciate the impact of SCT, multiple markers from different categories should be considered: Structural, biological, functional, physiological, but also major adverse cardiac events or quality of life...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
Greg Maguire
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a rapidly progressing neurodegenerative disease that leads to death. No effective treatments are currently available. Based on data from epidemiological, etiological, laboratory, and clinical studies, I offer a new way of thinking about ALS and its treatment. This paper describes a host of extrinsic factors, including the exposome, that disrupt the extracellular matrix and protein function such that a spreading, prion-like disease leads to neurodegeneration in the motor tracts...
November 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
Harumichi Itoh, Shimpei Nishikawa, Tomoya Haraguchi, Yu Arikawa, Shotaro Eto, Masato Hiyama, Toshie Iseri, Yoshiki Itoh, Munekazu Nakaichi, Yusuke Sakai, Kenji Tani, Yasuho Taura, Kazuhito Itamoto
AIM: To identify and characterize functionally distinct subpopulation of adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs). METHODS: ADSCs cultured from mouse subcutaneous adipose tissue were sorted fluorescence-activated cell sorter based on aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity, a widely used stem cell marker. Differentiation potentials were analyzed by utilizing immunocytofluorescece and its quantitative analysis. RESULTS: Approximately 15% of bulk ADSCs showed high ALDH activity in flow cytometric analysis...
October 26, 2017: World Journal of Stem Cells
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