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International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319053/pesticide-application-and-khat-chewing-as-predictors-of-the-neurological-health-outcomes-among-pesticide-applicators-in-a-vector-control-unit-saudi-arabia
#1
Ahmed A Ismail, Mohammed Almalki, Ahmed Agag, Yahya M Solan, Ibrahim A Bani
BACKGROUND: Pesticide applicators are at risk of developing neurological symptoms and neurobehavioral deficits. This risk may increase if the applicator chews stimulant plants like khat. OBJECTIVE: To examine the sociodemographic and exposure determinants of neurological symptoms presentation, neurobehavioral performance, and cholinesterase activity among pesticide applicators in a vector control unit, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 30 pesticide applicators and 32 non-applicators from a vector control unit in Jazan region, Saudi Arabia, were studied...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319055/composition-production-rate-and-management-of-dental-solid-waste-in-2017-in-birjand-iran
#2
Habibe Momeni, Seyyedeh Fatemeh Tabatabaei Fard, Aliye Arefinejad, Afsane Afzali, Farkhonde Talebi, Elham Rahmanpour Salmani
BACKGROUND: The presence of toxic and pathogenic agents in the dental waste products has made it to be classified as "hazardous waste." OBJECTIVE: To assess dental waste production rate and composition and approaches used to manage these waste products in 2017 in Birjand, Iran. METHODS: 48 dental clinics were evaluated in two months of 2017. Sampling was performed from each clinic 3 times a week. Samples were manually divided into 5 categories of chemical-pharmaceutical, infectious, semi-household, sharp and cutting materials, and toxic waste products, and weighed...
January 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319054/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-job-rank
#3
Ramin Mehrdad, Gholamreza Pouryaghoub, Mahboubeh Moradi
BACKGROUND: The occupation of the people can influence the development of metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between metabolic syndrome and its determinants with the job rank in workers of a large car factory in Iran. METHODS: 3989 male workers at a large car manufacturing company were invited to participate in this cross-sectional study. Demographic and anthropometric data of the participants, including age, height, weight, and abdominal circumference were measured...
January 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319052/measurement-of-lung-cancer-tumor-markers-in-a-glass-wool-company-workers-exposed-to-respirable-synthetic-vitreous-fiber-and-dust
#4
Shabnam Abtahi, Mahyar Malekzadeh, Ghafour Nikravan, Abbas Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposures to respirable synthetic vitreous fiber (SVF) and dust are associated with many lung diseases including lung cancer. Low-dose computed tomography is used for screening patients who are highly suspicious of having lung carcinoma. However, it seems not to be cost-effective. Serum biomarkers could be a useful tool for the surveillance of occupational exposure, by providing the possibility of diagnosing lung cancer in its early stages. OBJECTIVE: To determine if serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cytokeratin fragment (CYFRA) 21-1 levels in workers exposed more than normal population to respirable SVF and dust may be used as indicators of progression towards lung cancer...
January 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319051/correlation-between-novel-potential-indoor-risk-factors-and-frequency-of-doctor-s-visit-for-respiratory-problem-in-taiwan-s-tropical-environment
#5
Yu-Hao Wang, Hsing-Hao Su, Lan Hsu, Chung-Yang Wang, Pi-Hsiung Wu
BACKGROUND: With a global rising trend in prevalence of allergic diseases, more attention has been paid to investigation of environmental risk factors. Many risk factors have so far been identified. However, novel risk factors specific to Taiwanese environment and lifestyle were still relatively unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential effects of a number of little-known indoor risk factors on the frequency of doctor's visit for respiratory problems in context of Taiwanese environment and lifestyle...
January 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319050/consistency-between-sweat-rate-and-wet-bulb-globe-temperature-for-the-assessment-of-heat-stress-of-people-working-outdoor-in-arid-and-semi-arid-regions
#6
Hamidreza Heidari, Farideh Golbabaei, Aliakbar Shamsipour, Abbas Rahimi Forushani, Abbasali Gaeini
BACKGROUND: Heat stress is common among workers in arid and semi-arid areas. In order to take every preventive measure to protect exposed workers against heat-related disorders, it is crucial to choose an appropriate index that accurately relates environmental parameters to physiological responses. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the consistency between 2 heat stress and strain indices, ie, sweat rate and wet bulb globe temperature (WBGT), for the assessment of heat stress of people working outdoor in arid and semi-arid regions in Iran...
January 2018: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115305/correction-confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-finnish-job-content-questionnaire-jcq-in-590-professional-musicians
#7
(no author information available yet)
In some points in the article, the "repetitive work" should have been read "opinions influential." The current version of the article on the Journal Web site and the MEDLINE records are correct.
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970599/lung-cancer-in-an-orthoprosthetist-using-vermiculite
#8
Quentin Durand-Moreau, Matthieu Dezutter, Gilles Quéré, Gilles Robinet, Pierre-Yves Le Roux, Brice Loddé, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
Occupational exposure to certain substances would cause cancer. Herein, we report on a case of a 58-year-old former orthoprostethist who died from a lung adenocarcinoma. He had a 3 pack-year history of smoking and a single exposure to asbestos during his professional career. Between 1979 and 2010, he used vermiculite plaques daily to build medical prostheses, using no personal protective equipment. Contamination of vermiculite with amphibole asbestos has been described in Libby, Montana. Expert opinion on this case has raised the hypothesis of the use of this kind of vermiculite during this period and the occupational etiology of this cancer...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970598/prediction-of-preventive-behaviors-of-the-needlestick-injuries-during-surgery-among-operating-room-personnel-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#9
Yadollah Fathi, Majid Barati, Mitra Zandiyeh, Saeed Bashirian
BACKGROUND: Operating room personnel are at high risk of needlestick injuries (NSIs) and exposure to blood and body fluids. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the predictors of NSIs preventive behaviors during surgery among operating room personnel based on a health belief model (HBM). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 128 operating room personnel in Hamadan, western Iran. Participants were selected, by census sampling, from teaching hospitals, completed a self-reported questionnaire including demographic characteristics, knowledge and HBM constructs...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970597/primary-dna-damage-in-dry-cleaners-with-perchlorethylene-exposure
#10
Mohammad Azimi, Mohammad Reza Bahrami, Vida Rezaei Hachesu, Javad Zavar Reza, Hamideh Mihanpour, Mohammad Javad Zare Sakhvidi, Mehrdad Mostaghaci
BACKGROUND: Perchloroethylene is a halogenated solvent widely used in dry cleaning. International agency of research on cancer classified this chemical as a probable human carcinogen. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the extent of primary DNA damage in dry cleaner workers who were exposed to perchloroethylene as compared to non-exposed subjects. The effect of exposure modifying factors such as use of personal protective equipment, perceived risk, and reported safe behaviors on observed DNA damage were also studied...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970596/blood-pressure-of-jordanian-workers-chronically-exposed-to-noise-in-industrial-plants
#11
Saed Nserat, Abdulhalim Al-Musa, Yousef S Khader, Ahmad Abu Slaih, Ibrahim Iblan
BACKGROUND: Occupational studies investigating the association between blood pressure and noise exposure are almost lacking in the Eastern Mediterranean Region countries. OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between occupational exposure to high level of noise and blood pressure among a group of workers in Jordan. METHODS: All workers who had been exposing to noise for at least 3 years in 3 plants in Madaba governorate in Jordan were included in this cross-sectional study...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970595/exposure-to-cooking-fumes-and-acute-reversible-decrement-in-lung-functional-capacity
#12
Masoud Neghab, Mahdieh Delikhoon, Abbas Norouzian Baghani, Jafar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND: Being exposed to cooking fumes, kitchen workers are occupationally at risk of multiple respiratory hazards. No conclusive evidence exists as to whether occupational exposure to these fumes is associated with acute and chronic pulmonary effects and symptoms of respiratory diseases. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the exposure levels and evaluate possible chronic and acute pulmonary effects associated with exposure to cooking fumes. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 60 kitchen workers exposed to cooking fumes and 60 unexposed employees were investigated...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970594/fatigue-in-intensive-care-nurses-and-related-factors
#13
Sevim Çelik, Nurten Taşdemir, Aylin Kurt, Ebru İlgezdi, Özge Kubalas
BACKGROUND: Fatigue negatively affects the performance of intensive care nurses. Factors contributing to the fatigue experienced by nurses include lifestyle, psychological status, work organization and sleep problems. OBJECTIVE: To determine the level of fatigue among nurses working in intensive care units and the related factors. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted with 102 nurses working in intensive care units in the West Black Sea Region of Turkey...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970593/occupations-and-the-risk-of-bladder-cancer-in-yazd-province-a-case-control-study
#14
Fatemeh Farzaneh, Amir Houshang Mehrparvar, Mohammad Hassan Lotfi
BACKGROUND: Bladder cancer is the most common cancer of the urinary tract, with known occupational causes. The most effective way to prevent occupational cancers of the urinary tract is to prevent exposure to known carcinogens. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between occupation and the risk of bladder cancer. METHODS: This case-control study was performed on 200 patients with bladder cancer and 200 healthy individuals in Yazd. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire and based on interviews with patients and controls...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689217/-predatory-journals-or-predatory-scholars-the-essential-role-of-the-peer-review-process
#15
Francesco Chirico
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689216/concentration-of-alpha-fetoprotein-and-%C3%AE-eta-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-tumor-markers-in-sulfur-mustard-exposed-veterans
#16
Mohammad Rafiee, Yunes Panahi, Mohammad Yousef Alikhani, Hassan Rafieemehr, Alireza Saadat, Mohammad Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689215/evaluation-of-occupational-exposure-to-nitrosamine-carbon-black-and-dust-in-rubber-processing-industry
#17
Pattama Senthong, Uma Boriboon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689214/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-finnish-job-content-questionnaire-jcq-in-590-professional-musicians
#18
Heidi Vastamäki, Martti Vastamäki, Katri Laimi, Michail Saltychev
BACKGROUND: Poorly functioning work environments may lead to dissatisfaction for the employees and financial loss for the employers. The Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) was designed to measure social and psychological characteristics of work environments. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factor construct of the Finnish 14-item version of JCQ when applied to professional orchestra musicians. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, the questionnaire was sent by mail to 1550 orchestra musicians and students...
July 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689213/respiratory-abnormalities-among-occupationally-exposed-non-smoking-brick-kiln-workers-from-punjab-india
#19
Supriya Tandon, Sharat Gupta, Sharanjeet Singh, Avnish Kumar
BACKGROUND: Brick manufacturing industry is one of the oldest and fast-growing industries in India that employs a large section of people. Brick kiln workers are occupationally exposed to air pollutants. Nonetheless, only a few studies have so far been conducted on their respiratory health. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent of respiratory impairment in brick kiln workers and to correlate it with the duration of exposure. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted...
July 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689212/coal-mine-dust-desquamative-chronic-interstitial-pneumonia-a-precursor-of-dust-related-diffuse-fibrosis-and-of-emphysema
#20
Tomislav M Jelic, Oscar C Estalilla, Phyllis R Sawyer-Kaplan, Milton J Plata, Jeremy T Powers, Mary Emmett, John T Kuenstner
BACKGROUND: Diseases associated with coal mine dust continue to affect coal miners. Elucidation of initial pathological changes as a precursor of coal dust-related diffuse fibrosis and emphysema, may have a role in treatment and prevention. OBJECTIVE: To identify the precursor of dust-related diffuse fibrosis and emphysema. METHODS: Birefringent silica/silicate particles were counted by standard microscope under polarized light in the alveolar macrophages and fibrous tissue in 25 consecutive autopsy cases of complicated coal worker's pneumoconiosis and in 21 patients with tobacco-related respiratory bronchiolitis...
July 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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