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International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651088/sickness-absence-and-precarious-employment
#1
T Kawada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651087/authors-reply
#2
M Balali-Mood, M Vahabzadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651086/mercury-poisoning-in-operational-settings-among-gilders
#3
P D Pigatto, A Ronchi, V Falabella, G Guzzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651085/seroprotection-against-vaccine-preventable-diseases-amongst-health-care-workers-in-a-community-hospital-qatar
#4
H Guanche Garcell, A Villanueva Arias, E Guilarte García, R N Alfonso Serrano
BACKGROUND: Health care workers (HCW) are at high risk of contracting various infectious diseases and play a dual role in the transmission of infections in health care facilities. OBJECTIVE: To determine the seroprotection against hepatitis B, measles, rubella, and varicella among HCWs in a community hospital in Qatar. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey conducted in a 75-bed community hospital in Dukhan, Qatar. From August 2012 to December 2015, 705 HCWs were tested for the presence of IgG antibodies for measles, rubella, and varicella, and also for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651084/micronucleus-nucleoplasmic-bridge-and-nuclear-budding-in-peripheral-blood-cells-of-workers-exposed-to-low-level-benzene
#5
I Jamebozorgi, F Mahjoubi, G Pouryaghoub, R Mehrdad, T Majidzadeh, Z Saltanatpour, F Nasiri
BACKGROUND: Benzene is one of the important occupational pollutants. There are some reports about the leukemogenic effects related to low-level exposure to benzene. OBJECTIVE: To study the frequency of micronucleus (MN), nucleoplasmic bridge (NB), and nuclear budding (NBUD) in the peripheral blood lymphocytes of petrochemical workers with low level exposure to benzene. METHODS: We enrolled 50 workers exposed to low-level benzene and 31 unexposed workers of a petrochemical industry...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651083/incidence-patterns-and-occupational-risk-factors-of-human-brucellosis-in-greece-2004-2015
#6
T Lytras, K Danis, G Dounias
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is the most common bacterial zoonosis worldwide. Greece has the highest reported incidence among EU countries. However, occupational risk factors have not been well described. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence patterns and exposure risk factors of brucellosis in Greece. METHODS: We used national-level surveillance and occupational denominator data to estimate the incidence patterns and exposure risk factors of brucellosis in Greece, with particular emphasis on occupation...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651082/the-adjustment-disorder-new-module-20-as-a-screening-instrument-cluster-analysis-and-cut-off-values
#7
L Lorenz, R C Bachem, A Maercker
BACKGROUND: Adjustment disorder (AjD) is a transient mental health condition emerging after stressful life events. Its diagnostic criteria have recently been under revision which led to the development of the Adjustment Disorder--New Module 20 (ADNM-20) as a self-report assessment. OBJECTIVE: To identify a threshold value for people at high risk for AjD. METHODS: As part of a randomized controlled trial evaluating a self-help manual for burglary victims, the baseline data of all participants (n=80) were analyzed...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651081/sleep-quality-of-call-handlers-employed-in-international-call-centers-in-national-capital-region-of-delhi-india
#8
J D Raja, S K Bhasin
BACKGROUND: Call center sector in India is a relatively new and fast growing industry driving employment and growth in modern India today. Most international call centers in National Capital Region (NCR) of Delhi operate at odd work hours corresponding to a time suitable fortheir international customers. The sleep quality of call handlers employed in these call centers is in jeopardy owing to their altered sleep schedule. OBJECTIVE: To assess the sleep quality and determine its independent predictors among call handlers employed in international call centers in NCR of Delhi...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651080/feasibility-of-biological-effective-monitoring-of-chrome-electroplaters-to-chromium-through-analysis-of-serum-malondialdehyde
#9
P Mozafari, M Rezazadeh Azari, Y Shokoohi, M Sayadi
BACKGROUND: Great concern about occupational exposure to chromium (Cr [VI]) has been reported due to escalated risk of lung cancer in exposed workers. Consequences of occupational exposure to Cr (VI) have been reported as oxidative stress and lung tissue damage. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of biological effect monitoring of chrome electroplaters through analysis of serum malondialdehyde (MDA). METHODS: 90 workers directly involved in chrome electroplating---categorized into three equal groups based on their job as near bath workers, degreaser, and washers---and 30 workers without exposure to Cr (VI), served as the control group, were studied...
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651079/please-do-not-send-us-your-good-articles
#10
F Habibzadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393327/long-term-exposure-to-extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-and-melatonin-production-by-blood-cells
#11
H Seifpanahi-Shabani, M Abbasi, I Salehi, Z Yousefpour, A Zamani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393326/ergonomic-redesign-of-an-industrial-control-panel
#12
S Raeisi, R Osqueizadeh, M Maghsoudipour, A S Jafarpisheh
Operator's role in industrial control centers takes place in time, which is one of the most important determinants of whether an expected action is going to be successful or not. In certain situations, due to the complex nature of the work, the existing interfaces and already prepared procedures do not meet the dynamic requirements of operator's cognitive demands, making the control tasks unnecessarily difficult. This study was conducted to identify ergonomic issues with a specific industrial control panel, and redesign its layout and elements to enhance its usability...
July 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393325/workplace-violence-and-gender-bias-in-unorganized-fisheries-of-udupi-india
#13
P Tripathi, R Tiwari, R Kamath
Fisheries industry in India is an unorganized sector of occupation where considerable proportion of workers is female. However, the prevalent gender inequality in terms of task allocation, wages, and other welfare facilities makes the men as dominant workforce. Furthermore, there are occasions when incidents of workplace violence take place. The present study was conducted to find the prevalence of workplace violence at worksite and study gender bias in such events. In a cross-sectional study 171 fishermen and fisherwomen were interviewed to collect information about workplace violence...
July 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393324/sharp-injury-and-exposure-to-blood-and-body-fluids-among-health-care-workers-in-health-care-centers-of-eastern-ethiopia
#14
T Alemayehu, A Worku, N Assefa
BACKGROUND: Health care workers are facing certain occupational hazards because of sharp injury and exposure to human blood and body fluids as a result of handling wastes. Though much attention is paid for the protection of these workers, the number of exposures and injuries do not show a sign of decline from time to time. OBJECTIVE: To examine the occurrence of sharp injury and exposure to blood and body fluids in health care workers in health care centers in Ethiopia...
July 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393323/validation-of-multidimensional-persian-version-of-the-work-family-conflict-questionnaire-among-nurses
#15
M Mozafari, G Azami, M Lotfizadeh Dehkordi, S Aazami
BACKGROUND: Several instruments have so far been developed in English language to measure the level of work-family conflict and further validation is required for non-English speakers. OBJECTIVE: To test factorial structure and construct validity of the Persian version of work-family conflict scale among Iranian nurse. METHODS: This study was conducted among 456 Iranian nurses working at public hospitals in 17 provinces from March 2015 to September 2015...
July 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393322/work-environment-related-risk-factors-for-leptospirosis-among-plantation-workers-in-tropical-countries-evidence-from-malaysia
#16
J Mohd Ridzuan, B D Aziah, W M Zahiruddin
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease that is recognized as a re-emerging global public health issue, especially in tropical and subtropical countries. Malaysia, for example, has increasingly registered leptospirosis cases, outbreaks, and fatalities over the past decade. One of the major industries in the country is the palm oil sector, which employs numerous agricultural workers. These laborers are at a particularly high risk of contracting the disease. OBJECTIVE: To identify the work environment-related risk factors for leptospirosis infection among oil palm plantation workers in Malaysia...
July 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393321/respiratory-morbidity-among-indian-tea-industry-workers
#17
S Moitra, P Thapa, P Das, J Das, S Debnath, Mahipal Singh, A Datta, S Sen, S Moitra
BACKGROUND: Indian tea industry workers are exposed to various exposures at their workplace. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the respiratory health of Indian tea industry workers. METHODS: We administered a respiratory questionnaire to and measured lung function in workers of 34 tea gardens and 46 tea factories. We used correlation matrices to test the association between their respiratory symptoms and lung functions. RESULTS: The garden workers complained of shortness of breath 3 times higher than the factory workers...
July 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27393320/sickness-absence-and-precarious-employment-a-comparative-cross-national-study-of-denmark-finland-sweden-and-norway
#18
A Oke, P Braithwaite, D Antai
BACKGROUND: Precarious employment is a major social determinant of health and health inequalities with effects beyond the health of workers. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between precarious employment and sickness absence in 4 Nordic countries, Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden. METHODS: Logistic regression analyses were conducted separately for each country on data from 4186 respondents aged 15-65 years in Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden derived from the 2010 European Working Conditions Survey...
July 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112720/occupational-metallic-mercury-poisoning-in-gilders
#19
M Vahabzadeh, M Balali-Mood
Occupational exposure to elemental mercury vapor usually occurs through inhalation during its utilizations. This leads to a variety of adverse health effects. In some Islamic cities, this type of poisoning may occur during gilding of shrines using elemental mercury with gold. Herein, we report on three male patients aged 20-53 years, who were diagnosed with occupational metallic mercury poisoning due to gilding of a shrine. All patients presented with neuro-psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, loss of memory and concentration, and sleep disorders with high urinary mercury concentrations of 326-760 μg/L upon referring, 3-10 days after cessation of elemental mercury exposure...
April 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112719/pulmonary-functions-oxidative-stress-and-dna-damage-in-workers-of-a-copper-processing-industry
#20
S Kumar, F Khaliq, S Singh, R Ahmed, R Kumar, P S Deshmukh, B D Banerjee
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to excessive level of copper results in many adverse health effects. OBJECTIVE: To measure pulmonary function, oxidative stress, and extent of DNA damage in workers of a copper processing industry. METHODS: 30 men working in a copper processing industry and 30 men matched for age and socioeconomic status (comparison group) were included in this study. Pulmonary function test parameters were measured for all participants...
April 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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