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Journal of Injury & Violence Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414816/pain-management-in-trauma-a-review-study
#1
Alireza Ahmadi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Zahra Heidari Zadie, Pramote Euasobhon, Penkae Ketumarn, Ali Karbasfrushan, Javad Amini-Saman, Reza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Pain in trauma has a role similar to the double-edged sword. On the one hand, pain is a good indicator to determine the severity and type of injury. On the other hand, pain can induce sever complications and it may lead to further deterioration of the patient. Therefore, knowing how to manage pain in trauma patients is an important part of systemic approach in trauma. The aim of this manuscript is to provide information about pain management in trauma in the Emergency Room settings...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405924/the-importance-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-screening-in-driving-license-application-procedures
#2
Habibolah Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami, Maryam Masoudi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27130516/elite-us-college-admissions-could-the-quest-for-admission-increase-overuse-injury-risk
#3
David C Schwebel, Jingzhen Yang
This commentary addresses the intriguing correspondence of two trends. First, we describe the increasing selectivity for undergraduate admission to elite colleges and universities in the United States and an apparent preference for "angular" applicants who have demonstrated tremendous accomplishment in a single non-academic pursuit such as music, athletics, or the arts. Second, we describe an apparent increase in overuse injuries among American children and adolescents, a trend that many experts attribute to specialization within a single athletic, musical or artistic pursuit among youth who in previous generations were more "generalist" in their extracurricular activities...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093204/safety-and-efficacy-of-intraurethral-mitomycin-c-hydrogel-for-prevention-of-post-traumatic-anterior-urethral-stricture-recurrence-after-internal-urethrotomy
#4
Mahmoudreza Moradi, Katayoun Derakhshandeh, Babak Karimian, Mahtab Fasihi
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of intraurethral Mitomycin C (MMC) hydrogel for prevention of post-traumatic anterior urethral stricture recurrence after internal urethrotomy. METHODS: A thermoresponsive hydrogel base consisting of 0.8 mg MMC with 1cc water and propylene glycol to PF-127 poloxamer was used in theater. 40 male patients with short, non-obliterated, urethral stricture were randomized into 2 groups: control and MMC. After internal urethrotomy, the MMC group patients received the MMC-Hydrogel while the others were just catheterized...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27093088/sleep-disturbances-in-veterans-with-chronic-war-induced-ptsd
#5
Habibolah Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami, Maryam Masoudi
Post-traumatic stress disorder is related to a wide range of medical problems, with a majority of neurological, psychological, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes, as well as sleep disorders. Although the majority of studies reveal the association between PTSD and sleep disturbances, there are few studies on the assessment of sleep disruption among veterans with PTSD. In this review, we attempt to study the sleep disorders including insomnia, nightmare, sleep-related breathing disorders, sleep-related movement disorders and parasomnias among veterans with chronic war-induced PTSD...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092956/predictors-of-intimate-partner-problem-related-suicides-among-suicide-decedents-in-kentucky
#6
Ashley L Comiford, Wayne T Sanderson, Lorie Chesnut, Sabrina Brown
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. Furthermore, intimate partner problems are amid the top precipitating circumstances among suicide decedents. The aim of this study was to determine circumstantial associations of intimate partner problem-related suicides in suicide decedents in Kentucky. METHODS: All suicides that were reported to the Kentucky Violent Death Reporting System between 2005 and 2012 were eligible for this study...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26836612/supra-hepatic-inferior-vena-cava-and-right-atrial-thrombosis-following-a-traffic-car-crash
#7
Feridoun Sabzi, Hosein Karim, Marjan Haghi
We present a case of nephrotic syndrome associated with right atrial and supra hepatic vein part of inferior vena caval thrombosis. This patient presented with dyspena, lower extremity edema and back pain after a vehicle accident and blunt trauma to the abdomen. Trauma should be considered not only as a thrombophilic pre-disposition, but also as a predisposing factor to IVC endothelium injury and thrombosis formation. Echocardiography revealed supra hepatic vein IVC thrombosis floating to the right atrium. A C-T scan with contrast also showed pulmonary artery emboli to the left upper lobe...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26567893/the-relationship-between-brain-behavioral-systems-and-the-characteristics-of-the-five-factor-model-of-personality-with-aggression-among-iranian-students
#8
Saeid Komasi, Mozhgan Saeidi, Ali Soroush, Ali Zakiei
BACKGROUND: Aggression is one of the negative components of emotion and it is usually considered to be the outcome of the activity of the Behavioral Inhibition and the Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS): components which can be considered as predisposing factors for personality differences. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between brain behavioral systems and the characteristics of the five factor model of personality with aggression among students...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26804946/acute-kidney-injury-current-concepts-and-new-insights
#9
REVIEW
Yavuzer Koza
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury, which was previously named as acute renal failure, is a complex clinical disorder and continues to be associated with poor outcomes. It is frequently seen in hospitalized patients, especially in critically ill patients. The primary causes of acute kidney injury are divided into three categories: prerenal, intrinsic renal and postrenal. The definition and staging of acute kidney injury are mainly based on the risk, injury, failure, loss, end-stage kidney disease (RIFLE) criteria and the acute kidney injury network (AKIN) criteria, which have previously been defined...
January 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26804945/developmental-variations-in-the-impact-of-intimate-partner-violence-exposure-during-childhood
#10
Kathryn H Howell, Sarah E Barnes, Laura E Miller, Sandra A Graham-Bermann
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a pervasive problem impacting individuals around the globe. The consequences of IPV extend beyond the adults in the relationship, as children witness a significant proportion of such violence. Exposure to IPV during childhood has devastating effects across multiple domains of functioning. METHODS: This article reviews empirical studies of the effects of exposure to IPV by developmental stage. RESULTS: The psychological, social, physical, and cognitive consequences of witnessing IPV are examined across development; from the impact of prenatal exposure to effects in infancy and toddlerhood, the preschool years, school-aged children, and adolescence...
January 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26420217/modeling-the-effect-of-operator-and-passenger-characteristics-on-the-fatality-risk-of-motorcycle-crashes
#11
Ali Tavakoli Kashani, Rahim Rabieyan, Mohammad Mehdi Besharati
BACKGROUND: In Iran more than 25% of crash fatalities belong to motorcycle operators and passengers in the recent years, from which about 20% are related to passenger fatalities. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate the motorcycle operator and passenger characteristics as well as other contributory factors that may affect the fatality risk of motorcyclists involved in traffic crashes. To this end, motorcycle crash data between 2009 and 2012 was extracted from Iran traffic crash database and a logistic regression analysis was performed to obtain odds ratio estimates for each of the study variables...
January 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401957/social-determinants-of-child-abuse-evidence-of-factors-associated-with-maternal-abuse-from-the-egypt-demographic-and-health-survey
#12
Diddy Antai, Patrick Braithwaite, George Clerk
BACKGROUND: Child abuse or maltreatment is a significant global public health problem of unknown global prevalence. About 40 million children aged 0-14 years require health and social care globally. The prevalence, determinants, and trends of national or global rates of child abuse and maltreatment are largely unknown. METHODS: Data for this retrospective cross-sectional study were derived from the 2005 Egyptian Demographic and Health Survey (2005 EDHS), and included 19474 women aged 15-49 years...
January 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26401756/self-injury-suicide-ideation-and-sexual-orientation-differences-in-causes-and-correlates-among-high-school-students
#13
Whitney DeCamp, Nicholas W Bakken
BACKGROUND: Research has suggested that sexual minority youth are more likely to experience a number of behavioral and health-related risk factors due to their exposure to negative attitudes and beliefs about sexual minorities. Few studies, however, have examined the prevalence of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among sexual minority youth. With self-cutting and suicidal ideation common in middle and high schools, understanding the antecedents and correlates of such behavior may help identify troubled students and initiate preventative measures...
January 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26391188/pugilism-among-irish-travelers-cultural-tradition-and-the-fight-bite-injury
#14
LETTER
Toral R Patel, Anand N Bosmia, R Shane Tubbs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26353986/suicidal-behavior-and-spiritual-functioning-in-a-sample-of-veterans-diagnosed-with-ptsd
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Marek S Kopacz, Joseph M Currier, Kent D Drescher, Wilfred R Pigeon
BACKGROUND: Spiritual well-being has been lauded to exert a protective effect against suicidal behavior. This study examines the characteristics of spiritual functioning and their association with a self-reported history of suicidal thoughts and behavior in a sample of Veterans being treated for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: The sample includes 472 Veterans admitted to a PTSD Residential Rehabilitation Program. Measures included the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness and Spirituality, PTSD Checklist--Military Version, Combat Experiences Scale, and individual items pertaining to history of suicidal thoughts and attempts, spiritual practices, and select demographics...
January 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26353927/the-prevalence-and-effective-factors-of-crash-helmet-usage-among-motorcyclists-in-iran
#16
Seyed Taghi Heydari, Kamran B Lankarani, Mehrdad Vossoughi, Kazem Javanmardi, Yaser Sarikhani, Kourosh Mahjoor, Mojtaba Mahmoodi, Mohammad Khabaz Shirazi, Maryam Akbari
BACKGROUND: Crash helmet plays an important role in protecting the deriver's head during crashes and reduces the rate of severe injuries and fatalities. Although it has been proved that wearing the crash helmet can save the deriver's life by around 42%; previous studies showed that the rate of wearing crash helmet has not been acceptable in Iran. Due to the huge number of motorcyclists on the roads in Iran, the use of crash helmet is an important area of research. The aim of this study was to assess the factors that could possibly relate to or affect the use of crash helmet by the motorcyclists...
January 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104320/molecular-determinants-of-acute-kidney-injury
#17
REVIEW
Holger Husi, Christin Human
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a condition that leads to a rapid deterioration of renal function associated with impairment to maintain electrolyte and acid balance, and, if left untreated, ultimately irreversible kidney damage and renal necrosis. There are a number of causes that can trigger AKI, ranging from underlying conditions as well as trauma and surgery. Specifically, the global rise in surgical procedures led to a substantial increase of AKI incidence rates, which in turn impacts on mortality rates, quality of life and economic costs to the healthcare system...
July 2015: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104319/systematic-review-effect-of-whole-body-computed-tomography-on-mortality-in-trauma-patients
#18
REVIEW
Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh
BACKGROUND: The initial diagnostic evaluation and management of trauma patients is mainly based on Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines worldwide. Based on ATLS principles, conventional diagnostics such as conventional radiography (CR) and focused abdominal sonography in trauma (FAST) should precede selective use of CT. Whole-body CT (WBCT) is highly accurate and allows detection of life threatening injuries with good sensitivity and specificity. WBCT is faster than conventional diagnostics and saves more time in management of trauma patients...
July 2015: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26081518/what-factors-play-a-role-in-preventing-self-immolation-results-from-a-case-control-study-in-iran
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Hosein Karim, David C Schwebel, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Reza Mohammadi, Mansour Choubsaz, Zahra Heidari Zadie, Alireza Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: To investigate factors related to prevention of self-immolation in west of Iran. METHODS: In a case-control study, 30 consecutive cases of deliberate self-inflicted burns admitted to the regional burn centre (Imam Khomeini hospital in Kermanshah province, Iran) were compared with controls selected from the community and matched by sex, age, district-county of residence, and rural vs urban living environment. The following characteristics relevant to preventing self immolation were collected from all cases and controls: main domestic fuel used in the household, awareness about complications of burn injuries, and use of counseling services...
July 2015: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25836741/removing-the-economic-burden-of-road-traffic-injuries-from-patients-a-successful-model
#20
LETTER
Hosein Karim, Mehdi Mohammadi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Alireza Ahmadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
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