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Journal of Injury & Violence Research

Mohammadreza Shokouhi, Khadijeh Nasiriani, Zahra Cheraghi, Ali Ardalan, Hamidreza Khankeh, Hosein Fallahzadeh, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh
BACKGROUND: Every year, a large number of people lose their lives or become injured seriously as a result of fires. Fires in buildings pose a great threat to resident safety. The aim of this systematic review is to identify preventive measures for fire-related injuries in residential buildings, taking into account associated risk factors. METHODS: In this study, a systematic review was performed of all studies conducted in the field of residential building fires, influencing factors and available safety procedures...
November 11, 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Nasim Yousefnia, Nafisehsadat Nekuei, Ziba Farajzadegan
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence (DV) can threaten women's health. Healthcare providers (HCPs) may be the first to come into contact with a victim of DV. Their appropriate performance regarding a victim of DV can decrease its complications. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between HCPs' performance regarding women experiencing DV, demographic characteristics, and attitudes towards their management. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 300 emergency and maternity HCPs were selected using quota random sampling from February to May 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Ali Khavanin, Javad Malakouti, Vahid Gharibi, Narges Khanjani, Hamidreza Mokarami, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Working at height has always been considered as one of the most dangerous industrial activities. Workers' fitness including their physical and psychological ability plays a key role in prevention of occupational accidents. This research was conducted to investigate the physical and mental fitness of telecommunication tower climbers as well as their job stress. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among employees of a contracting company which worked in the field of telecommunication tower installation in Iran during 2016...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
BACKGROUND: Stigma of suicide attempt (SA) results in not asking friends and relatives for help. Others' awareness of an individual's SA sometimes can solve his/her problems and reduce rates of SA. This study is intended to examine the degree of SA visibility through deliberate self-poisoning (DSP), which is the most common method of SA in Iran. METHODS: In order to study visibility, all individuals who had attempted to suicide by DSP and had been referred to the western Iran poisoning center during April-June, 2016 were entered to the study...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Tooba Hoseini Azizi, Sima Sadat Hejazi, Ahmad Kameli
BACKGROUND: Falling from a tree is one of the major causes of serious injuries in farmers but it can be prevented. Walnut is one of the most important agricultural products in Iran and falling from walnut trees is common during the season of harvest. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of complications due to falling from walnut tree in patients referred to the emergency department of Imam Ali Hospital in Bojnurd City, Iran. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted on 127 patients with injuries due to falling from the walnut tree in Bojnurd City, Iran, in the walnut harvest season of August 2013 to November 2014...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Reza Mohammadi, Katarina Bohm
BACKGROUND: Pre-hospital time management provides better access to victims of road traffic crashes (RTCs) and can help minimize preventable deaths, injuries and disabilities. While most studies have been focused on measuring various time intervals in the pre-hospital phase, to our best knowledge there is no study exploring the barriers and facilitators that affects these various intervals qualitatively. The present study aimed to explore factors affecting various time intervals relating to road traffic incidents in the pre-hospital phase and provides suggestions for improvements in Iran...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Ahmed Alshahethi, Abdulwahed Al Serouri, Yousef S Khader
BACKGROUND: The burden and pattern of unintentional child injuries in Yemen are not yet studied. This study aimed to determine the rate of unintentional injuries and their associated factors and describe the pattern of these injuries among schoolchildren in Sana'a city, Yemen. METHODS: A cross-sectional school-based study was conducted among students in grades 9-12 in Sana'a Capital City. A total of 10 schools were selected using multistage sampling technique. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
David C Schwebel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Jafar Bazyar, Hamid Safarpour, Salman Daliri, Arezoo Karimi, Meysam Safi Keykaleh, Mohammad Bazyar
BACKGROUND: Domestic violence during pregnancy is a public health crisis, because it affects both mother and fetus simultaneously, resulting in irreversible consequences for mothers and their newborns. This study was performed to determine the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in the world and Iran as meta-analysis. METHODS: This study is a meta-analysis on the prevalence of sexual violence during pregnancy in the world and Iran that was conductedon Persian and English published articles up to 2015...
July 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Roshanak Vameghi, Sedigheh Amir Ali Akbari, Hamid Alavi Majd, Firoozeh Sajedi, Homeira Sajjadi
BACKGROUND: Given the significant health effects of domestic violence against women, the present study was conducted in 2016, in Tehran, Iran in order to compare the socioeconomic status, perceived social support and mental status in women of reproductive age experiencing and not experiencing domestic violence. METHODS: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 500 women. The data collection tools used included questionnaires: demographic information, Socioeconomic, Beck's Depression, Spielberger's Anxiety, Cohen's Perceived Stress, Sarason's Perceived Social Support and WHO's Domestic Violence Inventory...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Thomas Brockamp, Paola Koenen, Manuel Mutschler, Michael Köhler, Bertil Bouillon, Uli Schmucker, Michael Caspers, Working Group Injury Prevention Of The German Trauma Society
BACKGROUND: Road traffic collisions (RTC) remain a major problem especially among young road users. Injury prevention measures and licensing systems have increasingly been developed to counteract some of the negative effects of RTCs in youth. The Prevent Alcohol and Risk Related Trauma in Youth (P.A.R.T.Y.) program is an injury prevention program that promotes prevention through reality education. In this study, the impact of the program on different sociodemographic subgroups of school students was analyzed...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Alireza Ahmadi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Hamid Mahdavi Mohtasham, Shahnaz Shahrbanian, Fatemeh Khoshroo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the epidemiology and history of knee injury and its impact on activity limitation among football premier league professional referees in Iran. METHODS: This was a descriptive study. 59 Football Premier League professional referees participated in the study. The knee injury related information such as injury history and mechanism was recorded. Injury related symptoms and their impacts on the activity limitation, ability to perform activities of daily living as well participation in sports and recreational activities was obtained through the Knee Outcome Survey (KOS)...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Reza Tabrizi, Mahmood Moosazadeh, Alireza Razzaghi, Maryam Akbari, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Seyed Habibollah Kavari, Arash Mani, Maryam Kazemi, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani
BACKGROUND: Sleep Quality Disorder (SQD) plays a major role in road accidents. So, this study was carried out to determine the prevalence of SQD among occupational drivers using systematic review and meta-analysis in Iran. METHODS: All Persian and English articles between January, 2000 and October, 2015 which had reported the SQD prevalence in Iranian drivers by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) with cross-sectional design, after the quality evaluation process and achieving the required score were selected...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Daniela Acquadro Maran, Silvia Bernardelli, Antonella Varetto
BACKGROUND: Mobbing (bullying at work) refers to a form of psychological harassment that occurs in the workplace, in which the victim must be systematically and continuously persecuted for a long period of time. The aim of this work is to analyze the court judgments related to mobbing. METHODS: The data, collected from a website that included judgments from an Italian court, were analyzed according to the literature, identifying the type of victims, consequences, methods of harassment, type of mobbers, and compensation decided by the court...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Faisal Jehan, Viraj Pandit, Terence O'Keeffe, Asad Azim, Arpana Jain, Saad A Tai, Andrew Tang, Muhammad Khan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Lynn Gries, Bellal Joseph
BACKGROUND: Increasing firearm violence has resulted in a strong drive for stricter firearm legislations. Aim of this study was to determine the relationship between firearm legislations and firearm-related injuries across states in the United States. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with trauma related hospitalization using the 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. Patients with firearm-related injury were identified using E-codes...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Fatemeh Kamari Ghanavati, Mehdi Jahangiri, Maryam Khalifeh, Sareh Keshavarzi, Mahnaz Shakerian
BACKGROUND: Unsafe behaviors are main causes of accidents mostly influenced by personal characteristics, social environment and also individual biorhythm cycles. This study was carried out to find out whether personality traits and biorhythm could affect the incidence of unsafe behaviors among city bus drivers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 224 bus drivers in Shiraz, Iran, 2014. The data were collected using NEO personality traits questionnaire...
January 2018: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
This article outlines the goals and targets of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to elimination of violence against women and girls (VAWG) and to explain the framework to target these goals. Prevention of VAWG has been identified as one of the key agents for sustainable development. SDGs gave enough importance and called for the elimination of "all forms of violence against all women and girls everywhere". It identified different social and political enablers of reducing violence which are targeted under different SDGs...
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Alfredo Celis, Maria de Jesus Orozco-Valerio, Ana Cecilia Mendez-Magana, Alfredo Celis-Orozco
BACKGROUND: Unintentional drowning is the leading cause of death for children younger than 5 years old. A bucket is one of the most common water container in which children can drown. The objective of this work was to evaluate the base diameter of a bucket and the necessary force to shed it. METHODS: This was an experimental study. We used six galvanized buckets of different diameters. Each selected bucket was pulled using a pulley with other buckets full of water until the water spilled out...
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Francesca Valent
BACKGROUND: The aims were to assess the frequency of falls among the diabetic adult population of the Italian Northeastern region Friuli Venezia Giulia and to identify risk factors. METHODS: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative data of the regional health information system as the source of information. In a cohort of diabetics 18 years of age or more, living in the region on December 31, 2014, the occurrence of falls requiring a visit to the regional Emergency Rooms was assessed...
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
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