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Journal of Injury & Violence Research

Shahrokh Amiri, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Soulmaz Nazari, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Salman Abdi
BACKGROUND: This study systematically reviewed the literature in order to determine the effect of ADHD on injuries and assessed the magnitude of the potential association. METHODS: A systematic review of the studies examining the association of ADHD and injuries was carried out across multiple databases. Odds ratios and standardized mean differences were pooled. RESULTS: A total of 35 studies were selected for quantitative analysis. The association of ADHD and injuries was confirmed over the meta-analysis of eligible studies...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh
BACKGROUND: Presence of a trauma team leader (TTL) in the trauma team is associated with positive patient outcomes in major trauma. The TTL is traditionally a surgeon who coordinates the resuscitation and ensures adherence to Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines. The necessity of routine surgical leadership in the resuscitative component of trauma care has been questioned by some authors. Therefore, it remains controversial who should lead the trauma team. We aimed to evaluate outcomes associated with surgeon versus non-surgeon TTLs in management of trauma patients...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Florin Oprescu, Bridie Scott-Parker, Jeanne Dayton
BACKGROUND: This article analyses case descriptions of child suicides from 2004 to 2012 toinform future policy and practice. METHODS: Quantitative data and case descriptions for 159 child suicides (under 18 years) in Queensland, Australia, were analysed quantitatively using SPSS and qualitatively using automated content analyzis (Leximancer). RESULTS: More than three quarters of child suicides involved hanging and 81% of suicides occurred in the family home...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani, Mohammad Saadati, Ramin Rezapour, Leili Abedi
BACKGROUND: Use of helmet by motorcyclists decreases the incidence and severity of an injury and its related death. Unfortunately, the helmet use rate is not in an acceptable level in Iran. This study aimed to systematically identify the determinants and barriers of helmet use among Iranian motorcyclists. METHODS: A systematic search of literature was done using PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct and Web of knowledge databases for English literature and SID for Persian articles by specified keywords...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Hoori Asgari Dastjerdi, Elahe Khorasani, Mohammad Hossein Yarmohammadian, Mahdiye Sadat Ahmadzade
BACKGROUND: Medical errors are one of the greatest problems in any healthcare systems. The best way to prevent such problems is errors identification and their roots. Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) technique is a prospective risk analysis method. This study is a review of risk analysis using FMEA technique in different hospital wards and departments. METHODS: This paper systematically investigated the available databases. After selecting inclusion and exclusion criteria, the related studies were found...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Joseph Kimuli Balikuddembe, Ali Ardalan, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Amir Nejati, Kasiima Stephen Munanura
BACKGROUND: Over the years, Uganda has been one of the low and middle-income countries bearing the heaviest burden of road traffic incidents (RTI). Since the proclamation of the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011 - 2020, a number of measures have been taken to reduce the burden. However, they ought to be premised on existing evidence-based research; therefore, the present review ventures to report the most recent five-year trend of RTI in Uganda. METHODS: Based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Data Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic review was employed...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Leila Mohammadi Nia, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Ali Ardalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Prevail Investigators
BACKGROUND: Many organizations have conducted IPV informational campaigns, but the extent to which such cost-effective, simple changes to the clinic environment can improve patient perceptions about IPV is largely unknown. Our primary objective was to determine how an IPV informational program affects patients' perceptions about discussing IPV in a fracture clinic setting. METHODS: We conducted a pre-post intervention study to evaluate the impacts of an IPV informational program on patients' perceptions and willingness to discuss IPV in an orthopaedic fracture clinic setting...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Ali-Ashraf Aivazi, Waleyeh Menati, Hamed Tavan, Sasan Navkhasi, Abuzar Mehrdadi
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence against female nurses is an increasing problem. In addition, recognition the rights of patients can reduce such violence against female nurses. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate workplace violence against female nurses in respect with patients' bill of rights at two public hospitals of Ilam in 2012. METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional research, workplace violence against female nurses was studied. Data were gathered employing a researcher made questionnaire filled out by 106 female nurses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Saber Azami-Aghdash, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Hosein Shabaninejad, Hassan Abolghasem Gorji
BACKGROUND: Injuries are the second greatest cause of mortality in Iran. Information about the epidemiological pattern of injuries is effective in decision-making. In this regard, the aim of the current study is to elaborate on the epidemiology of injuries in Iran through a systematic review. METHODS: Required data were collected searching the following key words and their Persian equivalents; trauma, injury, accident, epidemiology, prevalence, pattern, etiology, risk factors and Iran...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Ali Meshkini, Mohammad Meshkini, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani
BACKGROUND: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity especially in young ages. Despite over 30 years of using Neuroprotective agents for TBI management, there is no absolute recommended agent for the condition yet. METHODS: This study is a part of a scoping review thesis on "Neuroprotective agents using for Traumatic Brain Injury: a systematic review & meta-analyses", which had a wide proposal keywords and ran in "Cochrane CENTRAL", "MedLine/PubMed", "SCOPUS", "Thomson Reuters Web of Science", "SID...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Alireza Ahmadi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Zahra Heidari Zadie, Pramote Euasobhon, Penkae Ketumarn, Ali Karbasfrushan, Javad Amini-Saman, Reza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Pain in trauma has a role similar to the double-edged sword. On the one hand, pain is a good indicator to determine the severity and type of injury. On the other hand, pain can induce sever complications and it may lead to further deterioration of the patient. Therefore, knowing how to manage pain in trauma patients is an important part of systemic approach in trauma. The aim of this manuscript is to provide information about pain management in trauma in the Emergency Room settings...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Habibolah Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami, Maryam Masoudi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
David C Schwebel, Jingzhen Yang
This commentary addresses the intriguing correspondence of two trends. First, we describe the increasing selectivity for undergraduate admission to elite colleges and universities in the United States and an apparent preference for "angular" applicants who have demonstrated tremendous accomplishment in a single non-academic pursuit such as music, athletics, or the arts. Second, we describe an apparent increase in overuse injuries among American children and adolescents, a trend that many experts attribute to specialization within a single athletic, musical or artistic pursuit among youth who in previous generations were more "generalist" in their extracurricular activities...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Mahmoudreza Moradi, Katayoun Derakhshandeh, Babak Karimian, Mahtab Fasihi
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the safety and efficacy of intraurethral Mitomycin C (MMC) hydrogel for prevention of post-traumatic anterior urethral stricture recurrence after internal urethrotomy. METHODS: A thermoresponsive hydrogel base consisting of 0.8 mg MMC with 1cc water and propylene glycol to PF-127 poloxamer was used in theater. 40 male patients with short, non-obliterated, urethral stricture were randomized into 2 groups: control and MMC. After internal urethrotomy, the MMC group patients received the MMC-Hydrogel while the others were just catheterized...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Habibolah Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami, Maryam Masoudi
Post-traumatic stress disorder is related to a wide range of medical problems, with a majority of neurological, psychological, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes, as well as sleep disorders. Although the majority of studies reveal the association between PTSD and sleep disturbances, there are few studies on the assessment of sleep disruption among veterans with PTSD. In this review, we attempt to study the sleep disorders including insomnia, nightmare, sleep-related breathing disorders, sleep-related movement disorders and parasomnias among veterans with chronic war-induced PTSD...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Ashley L Comiford, Wayne T Sanderson, Lorie Chesnut, Sabrina Brown
BACKGROUND: Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States. Furthermore, intimate partner problems are amid the top precipitating circumstances among suicide decedents. The aim of this study was to determine circumstantial associations of intimate partner problem-related suicides in suicide decedents in Kentucky. METHODS: All suicides that were reported to the Kentucky Violent Death Reporting System between 2005 and 2012 were eligible for this study...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Feridoun Sabzi, Hosein Karim, Marjan Haghi
We present a case of nephrotic syndrome associated with right atrial and supra hepatic vein part of inferior vena caval thrombosis. This patient presented with dyspena, lower extremity edema and back pain after a vehicle accident and blunt trauma to the abdomen. Trauma should be considered not only as a thrombophilic pre-disposition, but also as a predisposing factor to IVC endothelium injury and thrombosis formation. Echocardiography revealed supra hepatic vein IVC thrombosis floating to the right atrium. A C-T scan with contrast also showed pulmonary artery emboli to the left upper lobe...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Saeid Komasi, Mozhgan Saeidi, Ali Soroush, Ali Zakiei
BACKGROUND: Aggression is one of the negative components of emotion and it is usually considered to be the outcome of the activity of the Behavioral Inhibition and the Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS): components which can be considered as predisposing factors for personality differences. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between brain behavioral systems and the characteristics of the five factor model of personality with aggression among students...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
Yavuzer Koza
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury, which was previously named as acute renal failure, is a complex clinical disorder and continues to be associated with poor outcomes. It is frequently seen in hospitalized patients, especially in critically ill patients. The primary causes of acute kidney injury are divided into three categories: prerenal, intrinsic renal and postrenal. The definition and staging of acute kidney injury are mainly based on the risk, injury, failure, loss, end-stage kidney disease (RIFLE) criteria and the acute kidney injury network (AKIN) criteria, which have previously been defined...
January 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
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