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Journal of Injury & Violence Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187725/mobbing-bullying-at-work-in-italy-characteristics-of-successful-court-cases
#1
Daniela Acquadro Maran, Silvia Bernardelli, Antonella Varetto
BACKGROUND: Mobbing (bullying at work) refers to a form of psychological harassment that occurs in the workplace, in which the victim must be systematically and continuously persecuted for a long period of time. The aim of this work is to analyze the court judgments related to mobbing. METHODS: The data, collected from a website that included judgments from an Italian court, were analyzed according to the literature, identifying the type of victims, consequences, methods of harassment, type of mobbers, and compensation decided by the court...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127770/the-burden-of-firearm-violence-in-the-united-states-stricter-laws-result-in-safer-states
#2
Faisal Jehan, Viraj Pandit, Terence O'Keeffe, Asad Azim, Arpana Jain, Saad A Tai, Andrew Tang, Muhammad Khan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Lynn Gries, Bellal Joseph
BACKGROUND: Increasing firearm violence has resulted in a strong drive for stricter firearm legislations. Aim of this study was to determine the relationship between firearm legislations and firearm-related injuries across states in the United States. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with trauma related hospitalization using the 2011 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database. Patients with firearm-related injury were identified using E-codes...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103063/the-effect-of-biological-rhythms-and-personality-traits-on-the-incidence-of-unsafe-behaviors-among-bus-drivers-in-shiraz-iran
#3
Fatemeh Kamari Ghanavati, Mehdi Jahangiri, Maryam Khalifeh, Sareh Keshavarzi, Mahnaz Shakerian
BACKGROUND: Unsafe behaviors are main causes of accidents mostly influenced by personal characteristics, social environment and also individual biorhythm cycles. This study was carried out to find out whether personality traits and biorhythm could affect the incidence of unsafe behaviors among city bus drivers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 224 bus drivers in Shiraz, Iran, 2014. The data were collected using NEO personality traits questionnaire...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854162/elimination-of-violence-against-women-and-girls-as-a-global-action-agenda
#4
Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
This article outlines the goals and targets of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) related to elimination of violence against women and girls (VAWG) and to explain the framework to target these goals. Prevention of VAWG has been identified as one of the key agents for sustainable development. SDGs gave enough importance and called for the elimination of "all forms of violence against all women and girls everywhere". It identified different social and political enablers of reducing violence which are targeted under different SDGs...
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854161/a-search-for-a-safer-bucket-to-prevent-children-drowning-at-home
#5
Alfredo Celis, Maria de Jesus Orozco-Valerio, Ana Cecilia Mendez-Magana, Alfredo Celis-Orozco
BACKGROUND: Unintentional drowning is the leading cause of death for children younger than 5 years old. A bucket is one of the most common water container in which children can drown. The objective of this work was to evaluate the base diameter of a bucket and the necessary force to shed it. METHODS: This was an experimental study. We used six galvanized buckets of different diameters. Each selected bucket was pulled using a pulley with other buckets full of water until the water spilled out...
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854160/falls-requiring-visit-to-emergency-room-in-a-population-based-cohort-of-diabetic-patients-in-italy
#6
Francesca Valent
BACKGROUND: The aims were to assess the frequency of falls among the diabetic adult population of the Italian Northeastern region Friuli Venezia Giulia and to identify risk factors. METHODS: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study using administrative data of the regional health information system as the source of information. In a cohort of diabetics 18 years of age or more, living in the region on December 31, 2014, the occurrence of falls requiring a visit to the regional Emergency Rooms was assessed...
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733561/workplace-violence-toward-mental-healthcare-workers-a-call-for-action
#7
EDITORIAL
Habibolah Khazaie, Alireza Ahmadi, Azad Maroufi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554188/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-risk-of-injuries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Shahrokh Amiri, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Soulmaz Nazari, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Salman Abdi
BACKGROUND: This study systematically reviewed the literature in order to determine the effect of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) on injuries and assessed the magnitude of the potential association. METHODS: A systematic review of the studies examining the association of ADHD and injuries was carried out across multiple databases. Odds ratios and standardized mean differences were pooled. RESULTS: A total of 35 studies were selected for quantitative analysis...
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513531/who-should-lead-a-trauma-team-surgeon-or-non-surgeon-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Shahab Hajibandeh, Shahin Hajibandeh
BACKGROUND: Presence of a trauma team leader (TTL) in the trauma team is associated with positive patient outcomes in major trauma. The TTL is traditionally a surgeon who coordinates the resuscitation and ensures adherence to Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) guidelines. The necessity of routine surgical leadership in the resuscitative component of trauma care has been questioned by some authors. Therefore, it remains controversial who should lead the trauma team. We aimed to evaluate outcomes associated with surgeon versus non-surgeon TTLs in management of trauma patients...
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513530/an-analysis-of-child-deaths-by-suicide-in-queensland-australia-2004-2012-what-are-we-missing-from-a-preventative-health-services-perspective
#10
Florin Oprescu, Bridie Scott-Parker, Jeanne Dayton
BACKGROUND: This article analyzes case descriptions of child suicides from 2004 to 2012 to inform future policy and practice. METHODS: Quantitative data and case descriptions for 159 child suicides (less than 18 years) in Queensland, Australia, were analyzed quantitatively using SPSS and qualitatively using automated content analysis (Leximancer). RESULTS: More than three quarters of child suicides involved hanging and 81% of suicides occurred in the family home...
July 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042961/determinants-and-barriers-of-helmet-use-in-iranian-motorcyclists-a-systematic-review
#11
Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani, Mohammad Saadati, Ramin Rezapour, Leili Abedi
BACKGROUND: Use of helmet by motorcyclists decreases the incidence and severity of an injury and its related death. Unfortunately, the helmet use rate is not in an acceptable level in Iran. This study aimed to systematically identify the determinants and barriers of helmet use among Iranian motorcyclists. METHODS: A systematic search of literature was done using PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct and Web of knowledge databases for English literature and SID for Persian articles by specified keywords...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039688/evaluating-the-application-of-failure-mode-and-effects-analysis-technique-in-hospital-wards-a-systematic-review
#12
Hoori Asgari Dastjerdi, Elahe Khorasani, Mohammad Hossein Yarmohammadian, Mahdiye Sadat Ahmadzade
BACKGROUND: Medical errors are one of the greatest problems in any healthcare systems. The best way to prevent such problems is errors identification and their roots. Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) technique is a prospective risk analysis method. This study is a review of risk analysis using FMEA technique in different hospital wards and departments. METHODS: This paper systematically investigated the available databases. After selecting inclusion and exclusion criteria, the related studies were found...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039687/road-traffic-incidents-in-uganda-a-systematic-review-study-of-a-five-year-trend
#13
Joseph Kimuli Balikuddembe, Ali Ardalan, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Amir Nejati, Kasiima Stephen Munanura
BACKGROUND: Over the years, Uganda has been one of the low and middle-income countries bearing the heaviest burden of road traffic incidents (RTI). Since the proclamation of the United Nations Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011 - 2020, a number of measures have been taken to reduce the burden. However, they ought to be premised on existing evidence-based research; therefore, the present review ventures to report the most recent five-year trend of RTI in Uganda. METHODS: Based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Data Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines, a systematic review was employed...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039686/children-capacity-in-disaster-risk-reduction-a-call-for-action
#14
Leila Mohammadi Nia, Davoud Khorasani-Zavareh, Ali Ardalan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039685/an-intimate-partner-violence-informational-program-in-a-hospital-fracture-clinic-a-pre-test-post-test-intervention-study
#15
Prevail Investigators
BACKGROUND: Many organizations have conducted IPV informational campaigns, but the extent to which such cost-effective, simple changes to the clinic environment can improve patient perceptions about IPV is largely unknown. Our primary objective was to determine how an IPV informational program affects patients' perceptions about discussing IPV in a fracture clinic setting. METHODS: We conducted a pre-post intervention study to evaluate the impacts of an IPV informational program on patients' perceptions and willingness to discuss IPV in an orthopaedic fracture clinic setting...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039684/patients-bill-of-rights-and-effective-factors-of-workplace-violence-against-female-nurses-on-duty-at-ilam-teaching-hospitals
#16
Ali-Ashraf Aivazi, Waleyeh Menati, Hamed Tavan, Sasan Navkhasi, Abuzar Mehrdadi
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence against female nurses is an increasing problem. In addition, recognition the rights of patients can reduce such violence against female nurses. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate workplace violence against female nurses in respect with patients' bill of rights at two public hospitals of Ilam in 2012. METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional research, workplace violence against female nurses was studied. Data were gathered employing a researcher made questionnaire filled out by 106 female nurses...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039683/injury-epidemiology-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#17
Saber Azami-Aghdash, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Hosein Shabaninejad, Hassan Abolghasem Gorji
BACKGROUND: Injuries are the second greatest cause of mortality in Iran. Information about the epidemiological pattern of injuries is effective in decision-making. In this regard, the aim of the current study is to elaborate on the epidemiology of injuries in Iran through a systematic review. METHODS: Required data were collected searching the following key words and their Persian equivalents; trauma, injury, accident, epidemiology, prevalence, pattern, etiology, risk factors and Iran...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039682/citicoline-for-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis
#18
Ali Meshkini, Mohammad Meshkini, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani
BACKGROUND: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity especially in young ages. Despite over 30 years of using Neuroprotective agents for TBI management, there is no absolute recommended agent for the condition yet. METHODS: This study is a part of a scoping review thesis on "Neuroprotective agents using for Traumatic Brain Injury: a systematic review & meta-analyses", which had a wide proposal keywords and ran in "Cochrane CENTRAL", "MedLine/PubMed", "SCOPUS", "Thomson Reuters Web of Science", "SID...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414816/pain-management-in-trauma-a-review-study
#19
REVIEW
Alireza Ahmadi, Shahrzad Bazargan-Hejazi, Zahra Heidari Zadie, Pramote Euasobhon, Penkae Ketumarn, Ali Karbasfrushan, Javad Amini-Saman, Reza Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Pain in trauma has a role similar to the double-edged sword. On the one hand, pain is a good indicator to determine the severity and type of injury. On the other hand, pain can induce sever complications and it may lead to further deterioration of the patient. Therefore, knowing how to manage pain in trauma patients is an important part of systemic approach in trauma. The aim of this manuscript is to provide information about pain management in trauma in the Emergency Room settings...
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27405924/the-importance-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-screening-in-driving-license-application-procedures
#20
EDITORIAL
Habibolah Khazaie, Mohammad Rasoul Ghadami, Maryam Masoudi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
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