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International Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142652/the-association-between-risk-factors-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-study-using-the-2014-canadian-community-health-survey
#1
Selma Osman, Chelsea Ziegler, Randie Gibson, Razi Mahmood, John Moraros
Background: The global prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is expected to increase and the disease is projected to be the third leading cause of death by the year 2020. The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence and determine the risk factors for COPD in Canada. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that uses data from a nationally generalizable survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2014. There were 46,924 respondents aged 35 years or older...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142651/prevention-of-insulin-resistance-by-dietary-intervention-among-pregnant-mothers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Mohammad Hossein Baghiani Moghadam, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Farahnaz Mardanian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Azam Dadkhah-Tirani
Background: Chronic insulin resistance (IR) is a basic part of the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus. Nutrition significantly impacts IR and weight loss reduces insulin levels, whereas weight gain increases the concentrations. Therefore, we surveyed the effect of nutrition intervention on IR in pregnant women and whether this effect is irrespective of weight gaining in accordance with Institute of Medicine limits. Methods: This prospective, randomized clinical trial was carried out among 150 primiparous pregnant mothers in fifteen health centers, five hospitals, and 15 private obstetrical offices in Isfahan...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142650/early-childhood-development-and-iranian-parents-knowledge-a-qualitative-study
#3
Elham Habibi, Firouzeh Sajedi, Hosein Malek Afzali, Nikta Hatamizadeh, Soheila Shahshahanipour, Frances Page Glascoe
Background: Early childhood is the most important step throughout the lifespan and it is a critical period continuing to the end of 8-year-old. Mothers' knowledge is one of the important aspects of child development. The goals of this study were to determine the situation of knowledge in Iranian parents about the concept and the importance of early childhood development (ECD) and determining the sources of parental knowledge about ECD from the perspective of parents and grandparents. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted based on the directional content analysis in 2016...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114381/peruvian-scientific-production-on-abortion-in-scopus
#4
Alvaro Taype-Rondan, Jessica H Zafra Tanaka, Nicolaz Merino-Garcia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114380/rubella-seromarkers-among-children-and-adolescent
#5
Sora Yasri, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114379/mosquito-net-and-snakebite
#6
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114378/imminent-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-from-microbial-source-for-cancer-therapy
#7
Lida Ebrahimi, Jafar Ai, Aliakbar Alizadeh, Mehrdad Shariaty
Background: Drugs targeting Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) have been used broadly in cancer chemotherapy. The recent past coupled with our results demonstrates the effective use of ACE inhibitors (ACEi) as anticancer agents, and they are potentially relevant in deriving new inhibitors. Methods: Bacterial strains were isolated from cow milk collected in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India and plated on nutrient agar medium. The identity of the strain was ascertained by 16s rRNA gene sequencing method and was submitted to the NCBI GenBank nucleotide database...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114377/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-a-sample-of-iranian-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#8
Ferdous Mehrabian, Roya Jahanmardi
Introduction: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrinopathy in women in reproductive age that is associated with insulin resistance (IR) and metabolic abnormalities which are also a part of metabolic syndrome (Met S). This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) women diagnosed with PCOS based on the Rotterdam criteria from January 2013 to June 2014. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 75 women with PCOS and 75 healthy controls were enrolled...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114376/dihydroartemisinin-induces-apoptosis-in-human-bladder-cancer-cell-lines-through-reactive-oxygen-species-mitochondrial-membrane-potential-and-cytochrome-c-pathway
#9
Farhad Poupel, Mahmoud Aghaei, Ahmad Movahedian, Seyyed Mehdi Jafari, Mohammad Keyvanloo Shahrestanaki
Background: Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) is a semisynthetic derivative of artemisinin and has antiproliferative effect. However, such effects of DHA have not yet been revealed for bladder cancer cells. Methods: We used as bladder cancer cell lines to examine the effect of DHA on the cell viability, cell apoptosis, and monitoring of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm) changes. Furthermore, the effect of DHA on the reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cytochrome c release were also detected...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114375/base-transceiver-station-antennae-exposure-and-human-health
#10
Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114374/prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-children-with-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Fatemeh Ghane Sharbaf, Hamid Farhangi, Farahnak Assadi
Children with cancer treated with cytotoxic drugs are frequently at risk of developing renal dysfunction. The cytotoxic drugs that are widely used for cancer treatment in children are cisplatin (CPL), ifosfamide (IFO), carboplatin, and methotrexate (MTX). Mechanisms of anticancer drug-induced renal disorders are different and include acute kidney injury (AKI), tubulointerstitial disease, vascular damage, hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and intrarenal obstruction. CPL nephrotoxicity is dose-related and is often demonstrated with hypomagnesemia, hypokalemia, and impaired renal function with rising serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen levels...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026507/face-and-content-validity-of-the-macarthur-competence-assessment-tool-for-the-treatment-of-iranian-patients
#12
Ali Saber, Seyed Mahmoud Tabatabaei, Godarz Akasheh, Mojtaba Sehat, Zahra Zanjani, Bagher Larijani
BACKGROUND: There is not a valid Persian tool for measuring the decision-making competency of patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate the face and content validity of the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool for the treatment of Iranian Persian-speaking patients. METHODS: To assess the validity of the Persian version of the tool, a self-administrated questionnaire was designed. The Lawshe method was also used for assessing each item. Content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) were used to assess the content validity quantitatively...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026506/an-analysis-of-widely-viewed-youtube-videos-on-anal-cancer
#13
Corey H Basch, Aleksandar Kecojevic, Alyssa Berdnik, Valerie Cadorett, Charles E Basch
BACKGROUND: Rates of anal squamous cell carcinoma have increased over recent decades. The aim of this study was to describe characteristics of widely viewed YouTube videos about anal cancer. METHODS: A total of 57 videos were identified and reviewed. Videos were assessed and coded with respect to date uploaded, upload source, gender of presenter, number of views, length in minutes, number of likes and dislikes, and selected aspects of content. Each video was assessed to determine if the sole purpose of the video was to provide information regarding anal cancer or existed to serve another purpose...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026505/indicator-for-success-of-obesity-reduction-programs-in-adolescents-body-composition-or-body-mass-index-evaluating-a-school-based-health-promotion-project-after-12-weeks-of-intervention
#14
Naser Kalantari, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Shahram Rafieifar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Atefeh Aminifard, Hanieh Malmir, Narjes Ashoori, Sheyda Abdi, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Saeid Doaei
BACKGROUND: Obesity in adolescence is the strongest risk factor for obesity in adulthood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention on different anthropometric indices in 12-16-year-old boy adolescents after 12 Weeks of Intervention. METHODS: A total of 96 male adolescents from two schools participated in this study. The schools were randomly assigned to intervention (53 students) and control school (43 students). Height and weight of students were measured and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983401/birth-weight-as-a-cardio-metabolic-risk-factor-in-iranian-adolescents
#15
Hamidreza Badeli, Hossein Dalili, Afagh Hassanzadeh Rad, Abdolreza Medghalchi, Setila Dalili, Shahin Koohmanaee
BACKGROUND: A large number of epidemiological studies from different geographical regions showed a considerable relationship between low birth weight (LBW) and adverse health effects later in life. This study aims to assess the birth weight (BW) as a cardio metabolic risk factor in Iranian adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 12-year-old students from different areas of Rasht, North Iran. Data were collected by a questionnaire including variables as birth height, BW, gestational age, blood pressure, and laboratory tests including triglycerides (TGs), total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), and insulin level...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983400/human-papillomavirus-vaccination-uptake-in-canada-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Yelena Bird, Olatunji Obidiya, Razi Mahmood, Chijioke Nwankwo, John Moraros
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most commonly sexually transmitted infection in the world and the primary cause of cervical cancer. Canada introduced publicly funded HPV vaccination programs in 2006. The objectives of this study are twofold and aim to (1) determine the levels and (2) examine the various factors influencing vaccine uptake among the general Canadian population. A literature search was conducted on seven databases, followed by screening, methodological quality review (using modified Newcastle-Ottawa Scale), and data extraction...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983399/carotenoids-as-potential-antioxidant-agents-in-stroke-prevention-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Ahmad Bahonar, Mohammad Saadatnia, Fariborz Khorvash, Mohammadreza Maracy, Alireza Khosravi
Stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases are among the most common causes of death worldwide. Prevention of modifiable risk factors is a cost-effective approach to decrease the risk of stroke. Oxidative stress is regarded as the major flexible operative agent in ischemic brain damage. This review presents recent scientific advances in understanding the role of carotenoids as antioxidants in lowering stroke risk based on observational studies. We searched Medline using the following terms: (Carotenoids [MeSH] OR Carotenes [tiab] OR Carotene [tiab] OR "lycopene [Supplementary Concept]" [MeSH] OR lycopene [tiab] OR beta-Carotene [tiab]) AND (stroke [MeSH] OR stroke [tiab] OR "Cerebrovascular Accident" [tiab] OR "Cerebrovascular Apoplexy" [tiab] OR "Brain Vascular Accident" [tiab] OR "Cerebrovascular Stroke" [tiab]) AND ("oxidative stress" [MeSH] OR "oxidative stress"[tiab])...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966758/effect-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-on-cardiac-fibrosis-and-oxidative-stress-status-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammation-model-in-rats
#18
Azam Abareshi, Fatemeh Norouzi, Fereshteh Asgharzadeh, Farimah Beheshti, Mahmoud Hosseini, Mehdi Farzadnia, Majid Khazaei
BACKGROUND: Renin-angiotensin (Ang)-aldosterone system not only plays a key role in the regulation of circulatory homeostasis, but also it acts as a powerful pro-inflammatory mediator. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of captopril (Cap), a known Ang-converting enzyme inhibitor, on inflammation-induced cardiac fibrosis, and heart oxidative stress status in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in male rats. METHODS: Fifty male rats were randomly divided into five groups control, LPS (1 mg/kg/day), LPS + Cap 10 mg/kg, LPS + Cap 50 mg/kg and LPS + Cap 100 mg/kg...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966757/health-status-and-working-condition-of-migrant-workers-major-public-health-problems
#19
Abdulbari Bener
BACKGROUND: Very little research and survey have been performed on the occupational health, hazards, and working condition of urban and rural of workers in Qatar. The aim of the current study is to identify the health status, lifestyle condition, working-related problems, and accidents experienced by Indian subcontinental migrants (ISCM) in Qatar and their access to health-care facilities. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study based on a representative sample of 1186 workers and study covering sociodemographic characteristics, medical conditions, and health-seeking behaviors and personal experience...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966756/preventive-kidney-stones-continue-medical-education
#20
REVIEW
Farahnak Assadi, Mastaneh Moghtaderi
Nephrolithiasis is a common health problem across the globe with a prevalence of 15%-20%. Idiopathic hypercalciuria is the most common cause of nephrolithiasis, and calcium oxalate stones are the most common type of stones in idiopathic hypercalciuric patients. Calcium phosphate stones are frequently associated with other diseases such as renal tubular acidosis type 1, urinary tract infections, and hyperparathyroidism. Compared with flat abdominal film and renal sonography, a noncontrast helical computed tomography scan of the abdomen is the diagnostic procedure of choice for detection of small and radiolucent kidney stones with sensitivity and specificity of nearly 100%...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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