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International Journal of Preventive Medicine

Alireza Askari, Ali Khani Jeihooni, Seyyed Mansour Kashfi, Atefeh Marzban, Zahra Khiyali
Background: Diabetes is the most common disease related to metabolism disorders. Today, diabetes in the elderly is one of the major epidemics of the century. This study aimed to investigate the effect of nutrition and jogging-based Belief, Attitude, Subjective Norm, and Enabling Factors (BASNEF) model in changes in metabolic parameters that performed in elderly patients with type II diabetes in Fasa city. Methods: This study was a randomized clinical trial on 108 elderly patients with type II diabetes (54 patients in the experimental group and 54 in control group) referred to the diabetes center in Fasa City, Fars Province, Iran, in 2016...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Walid El Ansari, Anastasia Samara
Background: Little is known on the food consumption habits and adherence to dietary guidelines among young adults. We examined students' adherence to recommended guidelines, and the associations between importance of eating healthy and guidelines adherence. Methods: A total of 3271 undergraduates at 11 faculties, Assiut University, Egypt (2009-2010), completed a questionnaire reporting their consumption of 12 food groups; number of servings of fruits/vegetables/day; and how important it is for them to eat healthy...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fatemeh Attari Peikani, Nahid Shahgholian, Ashraf Kazemi
Background: Peritonitis is one of the important complications of peritoneal dialysis and one of the reasons for failure of this therapeutic technique. As one of the important reasons for development of peritonitis is disregard for health behaviors, this study aims to investigate the effect of education based on health belief model (HBM) on behaviors preventing peritonitis in peritoneal dialysis patients. Methods: This double-blind clinical trial study conducted on 60 patients with peritoneal dialysis in Isfahan, Iran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mohammadreza Amiresmaili, Saeed Amini, Arash Shahravan, Reza Goudarzi, Seyed Hossein Saberi Anari, Zohre Anbari, Mahtab Ghanbarnejad
The relationship between households' socioeconomic situation (SES) and children dental caries has been assessed in many Iranian studies to evaluate the effect of public dental care programs supporting the poor. Hence, this study through systematic review and meta-analysis has presented a conclusion in this regard. Domestic and foreign databases were searched using keywords designed by concept map. Time limit to search the databases included articles published from 1994 to 2017. Twenty-five articles were entered to the final step of the study, in which 49 relationships between SES and dental caries were assessed...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Hakimeh Teiri, Hamidreza Pourzamzni, Yaghoub Hajizadeh
Background: Formaldehyde is a common hazardous indoor air pollutant which recently raised public concerns due to its well-known carcinogenic effects on human. The aim of this study was to investigate a potted plant-soil system ability in formaldehyde removal from a poor ventilated indoor air to promote dwellers health. Methods: For this purpose, we used one of the common interior plants from the fern species ( Nephrolepis obliterata ), inside a Plexiglas chamber under controlled environment...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mohammad Ghofrani, Hassan Tonekaboni, Parvaneh Karimzadeh, Jafar Nasiri, Zahra Pirzadeh, Mohamadreza Ghazzavi, Omid Yghini
Background: Considering that better understanding of the underlying mechanisms and risk factors of arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) would be helpful for better management of stroke and its outcome in children as well as preventing or reducing the occurrence of its related potential disabilities, the aim of this study was to investigate the most common risk factors and causes of AIS in patients referred to the referral hospitals in Tehran and Isfahan cities of Iran. Methods: In this study, medical files of all pediatric patients admitted to the Mofid and Imam Hossein children's hospitals with the diagnosis of AIS from 2001 to 2011 and 2011 to 2016, respectively, were evaluated...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Vahid Shaygannejad, Mohammad Bagher Maljaei, Sahar Saraf Bank, Omid Mirmosayyeb, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Gholamreza Askari
Background: Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is a central nervous system inflammatory disorder in which immunoglobulin G (IgG) autoantibodies possibly play a pathogenic role against the aquaporin-4 water channel protein. Vitamin D may modulate B-cell function and decrease the IgG synthesis and may play a role in NMOSD as a crucial factor. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between Vitamin D intakes from food, Vitamin D intake from sunlight exposure, blood Vitamin D levels, and IgG-neuromyelitis optica (NMO) level in serum of patients with NMOSD and NMO...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mohammad Reza Namazi, Mohammad Mahdi Parvizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Hosein Rohani, Erfan Sadeghi, Ahmadali Eslami, Mehdi Raei, Tohid Jafari-Koshki
Background: The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been increasing globally in the recent decades. Physical activity (PA) helps preventing diabetes complications by keeping the blood sugar of T2DM patients within the normal range. The objective of this study was to explore underlying beliefs corresponding to PA in T2DM patients using health action process approach (HAPA). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Isfahan, 2015. A convenience sample of 203 participants with T2DM was collected...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Archana Ramalingam, Sonali Sarkar, K C Premarajan, Ravi Philip Rajkumar, D K Subrahmanyam
Background: Demographic transition has led to rethinking of strategies that are in place to address health issues of the elderly. A study was done to estimate the prevalence and correlates of common mental disorders (CMDs) among the rural elderly in Puducherry. This would help prioritize and plan opportunistic screening for CMDs among the elderly at the primary care level. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional community-based study was conducted among all the elderly, n = 243 (60 years and above), from one of the four villages catered by a rural health center in Puducherry...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Maryam Abshirini, Behzad Mahaki, Fariba Bagheri, Fereydoun Siassi, Fariba Koohdani, Gity Sotoudeh
Background: Dietary phytochemical index (DPI) has introduced as an inexpensive method for quantifying the phytochemicals in foods. For the first time, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between DPI and the risk of prediabetes. Methods: Three hundred participants were assigned to 150 prediabetics (cases) and 150 healthy (controls) groups. Anthropometric values, fasting blood glucose, and 2-h oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were measured. The DPI was calculated based on data collected from 168-item validated food frequency questionnaire...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Zahra Sadat Khosravi, Marzieh Kafeshani, Parastoo Tavasoli, Akbar Hassan Zadeh, Mohammad Hassan Entezari
Introduction: Vitamin D (vit D) deficiency has defined as a health problem worldwide. World Health Organization (WHO) has declared that obesity is an epidemic of the 21st century. Previous studies have shown that obesity may increase the risk of Vit D deficiency. Furthermore, other studies have demonstrated that vit D insufficiency was accompanied with higher risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, and obesity. The aim of this study was to survey the effect of vit D supplementation on weight loss among overweight and obese women aged 20-40 years in Isfahan...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Jayesh Dalpatbhai Solanki, Bhakti P Gadhavi, Amit H Makwana, Hemant B Mehta, Chinmay J Shah, Pradnya A Gokhale
Background: Hypertension (HTN) is linked to cardiac dysautonomia that can end up as life-threatening arrhythmias. The same can be screened by simple electrocardiogram (ECG)-based QTc (QT corrected for heart rate) interval which indicates repolarization abnormality. We quantified QTc interval among treated hypertensives in comparison to controls, testing effect of age, gender, and blood pressure. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study was done at a tertiary care teaching hospital of Gujarat, India, on 142 hypertensives on monotherapy (60 males, 82 females) and 72 age-, sex-, and time-matched normotensives...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Farhad Forouharmajd, Hossein Ebrahimi, Siamak Pourabdian
Background: Analyzing the possible negative effects of using cell phones on the users' health is an important and vital affair due to rapid growth and extensive use of these devices on human communications and interactions. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of increasing the distance of cell phones to brain tissue on the temperature of the central and gray matters of brain due to the heat generated by radio frequency waves. Methods: This study was an experimental study...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Les Kalman
Background: Mouthguards (MGs) remain an important piece of personal protection for athletes for the prevention of injury. Although MGs provide tremendous benefits, the design and fabrication process does not record the position of the mandible or the occlusion, which could lead to injury. This study compared a novel MG to over-the-counter (OTC) and custom MGs on a skull model. Methods: The OTC MG was formed as per manufacturer's guidelines, the custom MG was laboratory fabricated, and the novel MG was fabricated through a proprietary process...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mona Mohammadian, Manijeh Mianabadi, Mehryar Zargari, Abbasali Karimpour, Mahnaz Khalafi, Fereshteh Talebpour Amiri
Background: Sodium arsenate (As), a toxic substance with induced oxidative stress, lead to hepatotoxicity. Olive oil (OO) with antioxidant property has protective effect on toxicity. The aim of this study was to investigate protective effect of OO on sodium As-induced hepatotoxicity in mice. Subjects and Methods: In this experimental study, 32 adult male BALB/c mice were divided randomly into four groups: control group (received only normal saline, the same volume as other groups), OO (0...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Nazanin Asghari Hanjani, Mohammadreza Vafa
Data from epidemiological and experimental studies have shown that diet and eating patterns have a major role in the pathogenesis of many age-associated diseases. Since 1935, calorie restriction (CR) has been identified as one of the most effective nongenetic dietary interventions that can increase lifespan. It involves reducing calorie intake by about 20%-40% below ad libitum , without malnutrition. Restricting food intake has been observed to increase lifespan and prevent many age-associated diseases in rats, mice, and many other species...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ebrahim Esfandiary, Zahra Abdolali, Victoria Omranifard, Mustafa Ghanadian, Reza Bagherian-Sararoud, Mohammad Karimipour, Behzad Mahaki, Shahriar Dabiri
Background: Dementia as a major cognitive neurological disorder is defined as impairment in one or more cognitive territories compared with the former level of performance. This disorder disrupts patient's independence, and the patient would need others aid in order of doing daily and complex activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Rosa damascena extract in the improvement of cognitive function in patients with dementia. Methods: This study is a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial on 40 patients older than 55 years with dementia referred to Specialized Elderly Patients Clinic in 2015-2016...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sharareh R NiakanKalhori, Ali Behzadi, Hamidreza Maharlou, Shadi Rahimzadeh, Alireza Khajavi, Gholamreza Pouryaghoub, Ramin Mehrdad, Omid Aminian, Alireza Jeddian, Shohreh Naderimagham
Background: The present study describes the burden of occupational diseases in Iran based on the results of the Global Burden of Disease study conducted in 2010 (GBD 2010). This study aimed to determine the burden of occupational diseases in Iran based on the results of GBD 2010. It is a cross-sectional study. Methods: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) of occupational diseases were calculated based on the prevalence rates obtained through model estimation, as well as GBD 2010 disability weights and mortality rates obtained from different data registry systems of Iran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sumon Chandra Debnath, Md Ekramul Haque, Dewan Md Mehedi Hasan, Sharraf Samin, Md Abdur Rouf, Md Fazlay Rabby
Background: Undernutrition is common and has been recognized as a public health problem in Bangladesh. It has devastating effects on any population as it increases morbidity children and reduces the quality of life of all affected. The study was done with the objective to assess the undernutrition and morbidity profile in children who have completed exclusive breastfeeding. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study, which was carried out among children aged 6-12 completed months attending a tertiary level hospital in Bangladesh...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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