Read by QxMD icon Read

International Journal of Preventive Medicine

Baratali Rezapour, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Hamidreza Khalkhali
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major problem in both developed and underdeveloped countries. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a physical education program (PEP) on promoting health belief model (HBM) scores, increasing physical activity (PA), and reducing obesity among Iranian high school students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was accomplished at four high schools that were randomly divided into two groups of experiment (forty) and control (forty) male students in junior high schools in Urmia, Iran...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Shahab-Aldin Akbarian, Sedigheh Asgary, Awat Feizi, Bijan Iraj, Gholamreza Askari
BACKGROUND: Due to the attribution of fatty liver with some chronic diseases such as obesity, finding a way to control obesity can be useful for the management of fatty liver. This study was performed to assess the effects of Plantago psyllium (PP) and Ocimum basilicum (OB) on anthropometric measurements in people with hepatic steatosis. METHODS: All patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were enrolled in this four-arm parallel, randomized, and single blind trial...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Sedighe Moradi, Mohammad Javad Haji Ghanbari, Hedyeh Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Moreover, CVD accounts for primary cause of death among diabetic patients. Physicians, especially in the primary care setting, have effective role in the management of cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore, we aimed to compare the prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in Type 2 diabetic patients attending to an urban health center as a primary care center with Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism Diabetes Clinic (IEMDC) as a tertiary center...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
V A Doss, Dharaniyambigai Kuberapandian
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to develop a new animal model based on signaling pathways to understand the pathophysiology, therapy of depression, and to investigate the antidepressant activity of Enicostemma littorale which is not yet established. METHODS: Animal models of depression were raised by physical methods and administration of methyl isobutyl ketone (100 mg/kg b.w., i.p.,) and a protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, sodium orthovanadate (30 mg/kg b...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Kourosh Kabir, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Razie Esmaeelpour, Fatemeh Aghazamani, Fatemeh Rostami
BACKGROUND: It is clear that tobacco smoking and substance abuse have negative consequences on adolescent and youth's health. Tobacco smoking especially hookah smoking has increased worldwide especially among university students. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk-taking behaviors such as cigarette smoking, hookah smoking, alcohol use, and drug abuse and its predictors in students of Karaj universities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place in Karaj in January and February 2014...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ali Chegeni Sharafi, Mohammad Javad Tarrahi, Mohammad Saki, Mohammad Mirza Sharafi, Elham Nasiri, Hamid Mokhayeri
BACKGROUND: Despite the progress made, animal bites and rabies are one of the important health problems in the country. The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of animal bites and rabies during 2004-2014 in Lorestan Province to prevent them in population of the province for the future prospective aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, all those cases bitten in the province, during 2004 and 2014, were studied...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Corey Hannah Basch, Jennifer Mongiovi, Grace Clarke Hillyer, Danna Ethan, Rodney Hammond
BACKGROUND: Traditional cigarette advertising has existed in the US for over 200 years. Studies suggest that advertising has an impact on the initiation and maintenance of smoking behaviors. In recent years, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) emerged on the market as an alternative to the traditional tobacco cigarette. The purpose of this study was to describe advertisements in popular US magazines marketed to women for cigarettes and e-cigarettes. METHODS: This study involved analyzing 99 issues of 14 popular US magazines marketed to women...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Poonam Sharma, Priyanka Bhardwaj, Rambir Singh
BACKGROUND: The present work was planned to evaluate the antihyperglycemic, lipid-lowering, and antioxidant effect of Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium bifidum in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Single daily dose of 1 × 10(7) cfu/ml of L. casei and B. bifidum alone and in combination of both was given to Wistar rats orally by gavaging for 28 days. Glucose tolerance test, fasting blood glucose (FBG), lipid profile, and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were measured from blood...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ahmad Khosravi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Ali Akbar Pouyan, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is one of the most important health-related risk factors in terms of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we introduced a new method for deriving the transitional probabilities of smoking stages from a cross-sectional study and simulated a long-term smoking behavior for adolescents. METHODS: In this study in 2010, a total of 4853 high school students were randomly selected and were completed a self-administered questionnaire about cigarette smoking...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Arun Kumar, Md Samiur Rahman, Md Asif Iqubal, Mohammad Ali, Pintoo Kumar Niraj, Gautam Anand, Prabhat Kumar, Abhinav, Ashok Kumar Ghosh
BACKGROUND: In the present times, arsenic poisoning contamination in the ground water has caused lots of health-related problems in the village population residing in middle Gangetic plain. In Bihar, about 16 districts have been reported to be affected with arsenic poisoning. For the ground water and health assessment, Simri village of Buxar district was undertaken which is a flood plain region of river Ganga. METHODS: In this study, 322 water samples were collected for arsenic estimation, and their results were analyzed...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
H M Meththananda Herath, Thilak Priyantha Weerarathna, Nayani Prasangika Weerasinghe
BACKGROUND: There is a long lasting dilemma over the ideal screening and diagnostic method in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Even though universal screening is commonly practiced, selective screening based on risk factors is also practiced in some center. The aim of this study is to evaluate the most appropriate method to screen GDM in high-risk pregnant women in Sri Lanka. METHODS: This study was a clinic-based, cross-sectional study conducted in a tertiary referral center, Sri Lanka...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Hamid Zolfaghari, Gholamreza Askari, Fereydoun Siassi, Awat Feizi, Gity Sotoudeh
BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease in the world. Although some studies have been conducted about dietary intakes of these patients, but the results are inconsistent. The aim of this study was to survey all macronutrients and micronutrients included in dietary intake of these patients for better understanding the factors influencing this disease. METHODS: The present study is a case-control conducted in Isfahan city, Iran...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Amir Rashidian, Forogh Farhang, Habib Vahedi, Ahmad Reza Dehpour, Shahram Ejtemai Mehr, Saeed Mehrzadi, Seyed Mahdi Rezayat
BACKGROUND: Lippia citriodora Kunth is one of the Iranian traditional medicines for the treatment of convulsive disorders. The goal of this study is to investigate the anticonvulsant activity of the plant's leave ethanolic extract against electro- and chemoconvulsant-induced seizures in mice. METHODS: The anticonvulsant activity of the extract (200, 400, 800 mg/kg, per os, p.o.) was investigated in pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) and maximal electroshock (MES)-induced seizures in mice...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Masuod Ferdosi, Farzaneh Mohammadi Sefiddashti, Pejman Aghdak, Reza Moradi, Maryam Mofid, Farzaneh Rejalian, Ali Nemati
BACKGROUND: The rapid rise in noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) is one of the main health challenges affecting the global development in the present era. This raising challenge is a major threat to countries' socioeconomic development as well as millions of people health. METHODS: It was a retrospective study with analysis of reported death in Isfahan Province during a 5-year period from 2007 to 2011. Required data were collected from statistics provided by Deputy of Health in Kashan and Isfahan Universities of Medical Sciences in 2012...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Negar Aslani, Mohammad Hasan Entezari, Gholamreza Askari, Zahra Maghsoudi, Mohammad Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to effects of garlic and lemon juice mixture on lipid profile and some cardiovascular risk factors in people 30-60 years old with moderate hyperlipidemia. METHODS: In a parallel-designed randomized controlled clinical trial, a total of 112 hyperlipidemic patients 30-60 years, were recruited from Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center. People were selected and randomly divided into four groups. Control blood samples were taken and height, weight, and blood pressure were recorded...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Abbas Haghighat, Mohammad Moafi, Jalil Sharifian, Hassan Salehi, Roya Taleban, Nader Kalbasi, Marzieh Salehi, Mohammad Mahdi Salehi, Maryam Salehi
BACKGROUND: Conventional hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination fails to achieve efficient protection in about 5-10% of the world population. Hence, different strategies have been adopted to ameliorate HBV antibody titers. This study aimed to evaluate the concurrent application of tetanus-diphtheria (Td) and HBV vaccination on hepatitis B surface (HBs) antibody titer in low-responder healthy individuals. METHODS: This was a randomized clinical trial, which was implemented among 140 of medical staff working as health-care workers assumed as low-responders...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Azam Baheiraei, Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Eesa Mohammadi, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a well-known public health problem in women as well as men. In many countries including Iran, there is an increase in tobacco use among women. Exploring the experience of smoking by educated women in order to develop effective tobacco prevention programs in these women is necessary. This study aimed to explore the experiences of smoking among Iranian educated women. METHODS: This study used a method of qualitative content analysis with the deep individual, semi-structured interviews on a sample of 14 educated female smokers, selected purposefully...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Shirin Djalalinia, Parviz Owlia, Hossein Malek Afzali, Mostafa Ghanei, Niloofar Peykari
BACKGROUND: Today, with the rapid growth of scientific production, research misconduct has become a worldwide problem. This article is intended to introduce the successful experience on the management of research paper misconducts in the field of health research. METHODS: Our aim was to design and develop the strategy for research misconduct policy. Focusing on the national regulatory system, we developed a hierarchical model for paper misconduct policy in all the medical sciences universities and their affiliated research units...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Bahman Aalizadeh, Hassan Mohammadzadeh, Ali Khazani, Ali Dadras
BACKGROUND: Physical exercises can influence some anthropometric and fitness components differently. The aim of present study was to evaluate how a relatively long-term training program in 11-14-year-old male Iranian students affects their anthropometric and motor performance measures. METHODS: Measurements were conducted on the anthropometric and fitness components of participants (n = 28) prior to and following the program. They trained 20 weeks, 1.5 h/session with 10 min rest, in 4 times trampoline training programs per week...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mehnoosh Samadi, Fahime Zeinali, Nahal Habibi, Shirin Ghotbodin-Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is prevalent among patients hospitalized in Intensive Care Units (ICUs) and causes various complications. Dietary supplementation to provide appropriate nutritional support may reduce the malnutrition and complications through improvement in nutritional status. This study was carried out to assess the association between dietary supplementation and malnutrition among patients in ICUs. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on 180 male patients aged 20-60 years in the ICUs of the hospitals in Ahvaz, Iran in 2013...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"