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International Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857833/design-formulation-and-physicochemical-evaluation-of-montelukast-orally-disintegrating-tablet
#1
Abolfazl Aslani, Maryam Beigi
BACKGROUND: Orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) are a modern form of tablets that when placed in the oral cavity, disperses rapidly. These tablets have advantages, particularly good applications for children and old patients who have a complication in chewing or swallowing solid dosage forms. The aim of this study was to design, formulate, and evaluate the physicochemical properties of 5 mg montelukast ODTs for the prevention of asthma and seasonal allergies. METHODS: Formulations were prepared with different amounts of super disintegrating agents and effervescent bases as disintegrant agents...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857832/best-strategies-to-improve-school-leavers-knowledge-of-nutrition-and-food-systems-views-from-experts-in-iran
#2
Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Nasrin Omidvar, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley
BACKGROUND: The research to date does not present an articulated approach to ensure nutrition and food systems education is systematically implemented within schools. This paper aimed to investigate food experts' views of the best strategies to improve school-leavers' knowledge of nutrition and food systems. METHODS: In this qualitative study, 28 Iranian food and nutrition experts from four major provinces (Tehran, Fars, Isfahan, and Gilan) were selected and agreed to be interviewed...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857831/acquired-bilateral-longitudinal-true-leukonychia-in-a-35-year-old-woman
#3
Fatemeh Mokhtari, Samaneh Mozafarpoor, Saeid Nouraei, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh
Acquired bilateral longitudinal true leukonychia is a rare disorder. We present a case of a 35-year-old healthy woman presented with this unusual and rare manifestation. She mentioned a history of unprotected exposure to detergents and bleaching chemical agents. Considering her low zinc level, she was prescribed with zinc capsules and recommended to avoid chemical substances for 6 months. During bimonthly follow-up, her zinc level turned normal, and leukonychia subsequently disappeared. Bilateral longitudinal true leukonychia in the nails due to zinc deficiency and exposure to chemical substances has not been reported previously...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857830/the-effects-of-nanoparticles-containing-iron-on-blood-and-inflammatory-markers-in-comparison-to-ferrous-sulfate-in-anemic-rats
#4
Elaheh Honarkar Shafie, Seyed Ali Keshavarz, Mohammad Esmaiel Kefayati, Fatemeh Taheri, Parvin Sarbakhsh, Mohammad Reza Vafa
BACKGROUND: Ferrous sulfate is the most used supplement for treating anemia, but it can result in unfavorable side effects. Nowadays, nanotechnology is used as a way to increase bioavailability and decrease the side effects of drugs and nutrients. This study investigates the effects of nanoparticles containing iron on blood and inflammatory markers in comparison to ferrous sulfate in anemic rats. METHODS: To induce the model of hemolytic anemia, 50 mg/kg bw phenylhydrazine was injected intraperitoneally in rats on the 1(st) day and 25 mg/kg bw for the four following days...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857829/diagnostic-delay-among-adults-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-a-high-gross-domestic-product-per-capita-country-reasons-and-magnitude-of-the-problem
#5
Wanis H Ibrahim, Faraj H Alousi, Abdulatif Al-Khal, Abdulbari Bener, Ahmed AlSalman, Aaiza Aamer, Ahmed Khaled, Tasleem Raza
BACKGROUND: To determine the mean and median delays in pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) diagnosis among adults in one of the world's highest gross domestic product per capita countries and identify patient and health system-related reasons for these delays. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, face-to-face, prospective study of 100 subjects with confirmed PTB, conducted at main tuberculosis (TB) admitting facilities in Qatar. The mean and median diagnostic delays were measured...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833725/prediction-of-endocrine-system-affectation-in-fisher-344-rats-by-food-intake-exposed-with-malathion-applying-na%C3%A3-ve-bayes-classifier-and-genetic-algorithms
#6
Juan David Sandino Mora, Darío Amaya Hurtado, Olga Lucía Ramos Sandoval
BACKGROUND: Reported cases of uncontrolled use of pesticides and its produced effects by direct or indirect exposition, represent a high risk for human health. Therefore, in this paper, it is shown the results of the development and execution of an algorithm that predicts the possible effects in endocrine system in Fisher 344 (F344) rats, occasioned by ingestion of malathion. METHODS: It was referred to ToxRefDB database in which different case studies in F344 rats exposed to malathion were collected...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833724/effects-of-high-protein-and-balanced-diets-on-lipid-profiles-and-inflammation-biomarkers-in-obese-and-overweight-women-at-aerobic-clubs-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Pegah Amini, Zahra Maghsoudi, Awat Feizi, Reza Ghiasvand, Gholamreza Askari
BACKGROUND: We studied the effects of high protein (HP) and balanced diets (BDs) on lipid profiles, and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in obese and overweight women. METHODS: In a parallel designed randomized controlled clinical trial, 60 healthy women with body mass index ≥25 kg/m(2), aged 20-46 years, enrolled in an 8-week investigation at aerobic clubs. They were categorized into two groups (HP and BDs), randomly. Fasting lipid profile and hs-CRP levels were evaluated at the beginning and end of the trial...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833723/the-frequency-distribution-of-celiac-autoantibodies-in-alopecia-areata
#8
Fatemeh Mokhtari, Tayebeh Panjehpour, Farahnaz Fatemi Naeini, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh, Marzieh Matin
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is a noncicatricial (nonscarring) alopecia. The association between AA and celiac disease (CD) is debatable. Several studies declare the relationship between AA and CD as measurement of celiac autoantibodies (anti-gliadin IgA and anti-gliadin IgG), but a few studies consider anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency distribution of celiac autoantibodies (all of them) in patients with AA compared with controls...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833722/impact-of-the-national-food-supplementary-program-for-children-on-household-food-security-and-maternal-weight-status-in-iran
#9
Delaram Ghodsi, Nasrin Omidvar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Arash Rashidian, Hossein Raghfar
BACKGROUND: Food aid programs are strategies that aim to improve nutritional status and to tackle food insecurity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a National Food Supplementary Program for Children on households' food security. METHODS: The study sample included 359 mothers of children aged 6-72 months under the coverage of the program in two provinces of Iran. Demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the households and percentage of supplementary food items consumed by target child were assessed by a questionnaire and checklist...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833721/combined-effects-of-lignosus-rhinocerotis-supplementation-and-resistance-training-on-isokinetic-muscular-strength-and-power-anaerobic-and-aerobic-fitness-level-and-immune-parameters-in-young-males
#10
Chee Keong Chen, Nor Faeiza Hamdan, Foong Kiew Ooi, Wan Zuraida Wan Abd Hamid
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of Lignosus rhinocerotis (LRS) supplementation and resistance training (RT) on isokinetic muscular strength and power, anaerobic and aerobic fitness, and immune parameters in young males. METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to four groups: Control (C), LRS, RT, and combined RT-LRS (RT-LRS). Participants in the LRS and RT-LRS groups consumed 500 mg of LRS daily for 8 weeks. RT was conducted 3 times/week for 8 weeks for participants in the RT and RT-LRS groups...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833720/life-psychosocial-stresses-and-coronary-artery-disease
#11
Babak Bagheri, Fatemeh Meshkini, Kolsoum Dinarvand, Zahra Alikhani, Mal Haysom, Mehdi Rasouli
BACKGROUND: It is hypothesized that the impacts of life events accumulate and can trigger and promote atherosclerosis in susceptible individuals. In the current study, the correlation of total life stressors during 1 year was investigated relative to coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: The study population consisted of 148 males and 152 females aged 35-76 years. The subjects were classified as CAD cases and controls according to the results of coronary angiography...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761217/-theory-based-health-education-application-of-health-belief-model-for-iranian-obese-and-overweight-students-about-physical-activity-in-urmia-iran
#12
Baratali Rezapour, Firoozeh Mostafavi, Hamidreza Khalkhali
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a major problem in both developed and underdeveloped countries. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of a physical education program (PEP) on promoting health belief model (HBM) scores, increasing physical activity (PA), and reducing obesity among Iranian high school students. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was accomplished at four high schools that were randomly divided into two groups of experiment (forty) and control (forty) male students in junior high schools in Urmia, Iran...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761216/comparative-study-on-the-effect-of-plantago-psyllium-and-ocimum-basilicum-seeds-on-anthropometric-measures-in-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-patients
#13
Shahab-Aldin Akbarian, Sedigheh Asgary, Awat Feizi, Bijan Iraj, Gholamreza Askari
BACKGROUND: Due to the attribution of fatty liver with some chronic diseases such as obesity, finding a way to control obesity can be useful for the management of fatty liver. This study was performed to assess the effects of Plantago psyllium (PP) and Ocimum basilicum (OB) on anthropometric measurements in people with hepatic steatosis. METHODS: All patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were enrolled in this four-arm parallel, randomized, and single blind trial...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761215/comparison-of-optimal-cardiovascular-risk-factor-management-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-who-attended-urban-medical-health-center-with-those-attended-a-tertiary-care-center-experiences-from-tehran-iran
#14
Sedighe Moradi, Mohammad Javad Haji Ghanbari, Hedyeh Ebrahimi
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Moreover, CVD accounts for primary cause of death among diabetic patients. Physicians, especially in the primary care setting, have effective role in the management of cardiovascular risk factors. Therefore, we aimed to compare the prevalence of modifiable cardiovascular risk factors in Type 2 diabetic patients attending to an urban health center as a primary care center with Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism Diabetes Clinic (IEMDC) as a tertiary center...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761214/antidepressant-activity-of-enicostemma-littorale-blume-in-shp2-protein-tyrosine-phosphatase-inhibited-animal-model-of-depression
#15
V A Doss, Dharaniyambigai Kuberapandian
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to develop a new animal model based on signaling pathways to understand the pathophysiology, therapy of depression, and to investigate the antidepressant activity of Enicostemma littorale which is not yet established. METHODS: Animal models of depression were raised by physical methods and administration of methyl isobutyl ketone (100 mg/kg b.w., i.p.,) and a protein tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor, sodium orthovanadate (30 mg/kg b...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688869/tobacco-use-and-substance-abuse-in-students-of-karaj-universities
#16
Kourosh Kabir, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl, Razie Esmaeelpour, Fatemeh Aghazamani, Fatemeh Rostami
BACKGROUND: It is clear that tobacco smoking and substance abuse have negative consequences on adolescent and youth's health. Tobacco smoking especially hookah smoking has increased worldwide especially among university students. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of risk-taking behaviors such as cigarette smoking, hookah smoking, alcohol use, and drug abuse and its predictors in students of Karaj universities. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place in Karaj in January and February 2014...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688868/epidemiological-study-of-animal-bites-and-rabies-in-lorestan-province-in-west-of-iran-during-2004-2014-for-preventive-purposes
#17
Ali Chegeni Sharafi, Mohammad Javad Tarrahi, Mohammad Saki, Mohammad Mirza Sharafi, Elham Nasiri, Hamid Mokhayeri
BACKGROUND: Despite the progress made, animal bites and rabies are one of the important health problems in the country. The purpose of this study was to investigate the epidemiology of animal bites and rabies during 2004-2014 in Lorestan Province to prevent them in population of the province for the future prospective aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a descriptive cross-sectional study, all those cases bitten in the province, during 2004 and 2014, were studied...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688867/an-analysis-of-electronic-cigarette-and-cigarette-advertising-in-us-women-s-magazines
#18
Corey Hannah Basch, Jennifer Mongiovi, Grace Clarke Hillyer, Danna Ethan, Rodney Hammond
BACKGROUND: Traditional cigarette advertising has existed in the US for over 200 years. Studies suggest that advertising has an impact on the initiation and maintenance of smoking behaviors. In recent years, electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) emerged on the market as an alternative to the traditional tobacco cigarette. The purpose of this study was to describe advertisements in popular US magazines marketed to women for cigarettes and e-cigarettes. METHODS: This study involved analyzing 99 issues of 14 popular US magazines marketed to women...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625767/administration-of-lactobacillus-casei-and-bifidobacterium-bifidum-ameliorated-hyperglycemia-dyslipidemia-and-oxidative-stress-in-diabetic-rats
#19
Poonam Sharma, Priyanka Bhardwaj, Rambir Singh
BACKGROUND: The present work was planned to evaluate the antihyperglycemic, lipid-lowering, and antioxidant effect of Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium bifidum in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Single daily dose of 1 × 10(7) cfu/ml of L. casei and B. bifidum alone and in combination of both was given to Wistar rats orally by gavaging for 28 days. Glucose tolerance test, fasting blood glucose (FBG), lipid profile, and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were measured from blood...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625766/estimating-the-transitional-probabilities-of-smoking-stages-with-cross-sectional-data-and-10-year-projection-for-smoking-behavior-in-iranian-adolescents
#20
Ahmad Khosravi, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Mahmood Mahmoodi, Ali Akbar Pouyan, Kourosh Holakouie-Naieni
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is one of the most important health-related risk factors in terms of morbidity and mortality. In this study, we introduced a new method for deriving the transitional probabilities of smoking stages from a cross-sectional study and simulated a long-term smoking behavior for adolescents. METHODS: In this study in 2010, a total of 4853 high school students were randomly selected and were completed a self-administered questionnaire about cigarette smoking...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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