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International Journal of Preventive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299034/the-effect-of-a-lifestyle-modification-education-on-adiposity-measures-in-overweight-and-obese-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-patients
#1
Arman Arab, Gholamreza Askari, Parastoo Golshiri, Awat Feizi, Ali Hekmatnia, Bijan Iraj, Mojgan Nourian
BACKGROUND: Obesity is increasingly associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and weight loss through a combination of dietary modifications and increased physical activity is a primary goal of therapy in this disease. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a lifestyle modification education on adiposity measures, physical activity, and total calorie intake in overweight and obese NAFLD patients. METHODS: During 8 weeks, 82 obese patients were randomly assigned into either an intervention group (n = 41) receiving a lifestyle modification education or to a control group (n = 41) receiving usual care...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299033/the-association-of-age-and-gender-with-risk-factors-of-noncommunicable-diseases-among-employees-in-west-of-iran
#2
Nahid Khademi, Mehran Babanejad, Atefeh Asadmobini, Hossein Karim
BACKGROUND: The relationships that age and gender share with risk factors (RFs) of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) were assessed among a large-scale employ in Western Iran. METHODS: In this epidemiologic cross-sectional study, 7129 employees from Kermanshah Province were assessed using a census method in 2012. Data on RFs of NCD were collected using a standard questionnaire. Demographic information, diet, physical activity, tobacco use, and history of hypertension, history of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, and cancer were studied...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299032/demographic-and-life-styles-determinants-of-somatic-complaints-structures-a-cross-sectional-study-on-a-large-sample-of-iranian-adults-using-factor-mixture-model
#3
Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi, Hamidreza Roohafza, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Fatemeh Zahra Shiravi, Payman Adibi
BACKGROUND: To identify somatic complaints dimensions, classify studied population and study the association of demographic and lifestyle factors with somatic complaints dimensions. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study conducted on 4763 Iranian adults, somatic complaints were assessed using a comprehensive 30-item questionnaire. Self-administered standard questionnaires were used to assess demographic and lifestyle factors. Factor mixture modeling (FMM) was used to identify somatic complaints dimensions and classify studied population...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299031/continuity-of-care-evaluation-the-view-of-patients-and-professionals-about-urban-family-physician-program
#4
Vahid Kohpeima Jahromi, Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhassani, Reza Dehnavieh, Hosein Saberi Anari
BACKGROUND: A responsibility of the family physician (FP) and one of the four aspects of the delivery of primary care services is continuity of care (COC). This study aimed to determine the COC of health care in urban health centers. METHODS: Between September 2015 and March 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional study using Primary Care Evaluation Tool questionnaires with multistage stratified cluster sample of FPs (n = 141) and patients (n = 710) in two provinces in Iran, Fars and Mazandaran...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250906/zika-virus-diseases-the-new-face-of-an-ancient-enemy-as-global-public-health-emergency-2016-brief-review-and-recent-updates
#5
REVIEW
Deepak Passi, Sarang Sharma, Shubha Ranjan Dutta, Musharib Ahmed
Zika virus (ZIKV) disease is caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquito. It presents as flu-like symptoms lasting for 5-7 days and shows potential association with neurological and autoimmune complications such as congenital microcephaly and adult paralysis disorder, Guillain-Barré syndrome. Treatment measures are conservative as the disease is self-limiting. ZIKV earlier affected several tropical regions of Africa and Asia from 1951 to 2006. Subsequently, it moved out from these regions to land as outbreaks in Yap Island, French Polynesia, South America, and most recently in Brazil...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250905/possible-role-of-common-spices-as-a-preventive-and-therapeutic-agent-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#6
REVIEW
Omid Mirmosayyeb, Amirpouya Tanhaei, Hamid R Sohrabi, Ralph N Martins, Mana Tanhaei, Mohammad Amin Najafi, Ali Safaei, Rokhsareh Meamar
For centuries, spices have been consumed as food additives or medicinal agents. However, there is increasing evidence indicating the plant-based foods in regular diet may lower the risk of neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer disease. Spices, as one of the most commonly used plant-based food additives may provide more than just flavors, but as agents that may prevent or even halt neurodegenerative processes associated with aging. In this article, we review the role and application of five commonly used dietary spices including saffron turmeric, pepper family, zingiber, and cinnamon...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217266/methodology-and-early-findings-of-the-fifth-survey-of-childhood-and-adolescence-surveillance-and-prevention-of-adult-noncommunicable-disease-the-caspian-v-study
#7
Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hasan Ziaodini, Mostafa Qorbani, Majzoubeh Taheri, Tahereh Aminaei, Azam Goodarzi, Asal Ataie-Jafari, Fatemeh Rezaei, Zeinab Ahadi, Gita Shafiee, Ali Shahsavari, Ramin Heshmat, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents the methodology and early findings of the fifth survey of a school-based surveillance program in Iran. METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted in 2015 as the fifth survey of a surveillance program entitled "Childhood and Adolescence Surveillance and PreventIon of Adult Non- communicable disease" (CASPIAN-V) study. The protocol was mainly based on the World Health Organization-Global School student Health Survey. We studied 14400 students, aged 7-18 years, and their parents living in 30 provinces in Iran...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217265/rubella-seromarkers-and-determinants-of-infection-among-tanzanian-children-and-adolescents-in-prevaccination-era-are-we-in-the-right-track
#8
Mariam M Mirambo, Said Aboud, Uwe Groß, Mtebe Majigo, Martha F Mushi, Stephen E Mshana
BACKGROUND: The World health organization advocates assessment of the burden of rubella and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) by seroepidemiological surveys and surveillance programs in all countries without vaccination programs. Due to scarcity of data in developing countries, this study was conducted to assess the seromakers for natural rubella infection in Tanzania during prevaccination era so as to ascertain the gaps for future research and prevention strategies. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between September and October 2014...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217264/eight-essential-foods-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-their-role-in-health-promotion-and-well-being
#9
REVIEW
Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Eshaghi, Mahdi Hadian, Homayoun Naji, Sayed Mohammad Masoud Marandi, Sedigheh Asgary
Eight essential foods (EEF) described in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) have a determinant role to balance human temperament insuring health and well-being. EEF included oral, imaginary, auditory, visual, olfactory, touch, sexual, and familiarity food. Oral foods should be halal, compatible with individual temper, consumed up twice a day, and compatible with different seasons and geographic conditions. Imaginary food consists of the individual thought content which is directly related to mental and physical fitness...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217263/mosquito-net-an-underrecognized-protection-measure-against-snakebites
#10
Subhendu Mallik, Sudipta Ranjan Singh, Jyotiranjan Sahoo, Manoj Kumar Mohanty
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123697/ultrafast-mid-ir-laser-scalpel-approaching-to-scar-less-surgery-retraction
#11
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 260 in vol. 1, PMID: 21566783.].
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123696/erratum-sociodemographic-and-economic-determinants-of-overweight-and-obesity-for-public-school-children-in-geneva-state-switzerland-a-cross-sectional-study-erratum
#12
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 39 in vol. 6, PMID: 26015862.].
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123695/effects-of-corneal-collagen-crosslinking-on-confocal-microscopic-findings-and-tear-indices-in-patients-with-progressive-keratoconus
#13
Mohammad Ali Zare, Mehdi Mazloumi, Hasan Farajipour, Bagher Hoseini, Mohammad R Fallah, Hadi Z Mahrjerdi, Mohammad-Ali Abtahi, Seyed-Hossein Abtahi
BACKGROUND: To evaluate any change in tear indices and confocal microscopic findings after corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) in patients with progressive keratoconus. METHODS: Thirty-two consecutive eyes from 23 patients having progressive keratoconus were enrolled in this prospective, interventional cohort study. The standard crosslinking surgery was performed for all patients. Visual, refractive, and topographic evaluations were done before and at 6 months after surgery...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123694/envisaging-plain-packaging-of-tobacco-products-appeal-to-national-policymakers
#14
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105295/prevalence-of-work-related-musculoskeletal-symptoms-among-iranian-workforce-and-job-groups
#15
Alireza Choobineh, Hadi Daneshmandi, Seyed Kazem Saraj Zadeh Fard, Seyed Hamidreza Tabatabaee
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are known to cause occupational injuries. This study aimed to collate the existed relevant data and develop a general feature of MSDs problem among Iranian workforce. METHODS: In this study, we used the raw data related to 8004 employees from 20 Iranian industrial settings distributed throughout the country. In all studies, participants were selected based on simple random sampling method, and the data were collected using demographic characteristics and Nordic MSDs questionnaires...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105294/vaccination-in-hajj-an-overview-of-the-recent-findings
#16
REVIEW
Seyed Mansour Razavi, Mina Saeednejad, Payman Salamati
BACKGROUND: About two million people annually travel to Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to perform Hajj. The pilgrims may be at risk of exposure to communicable diseases in this mass gathering and their vaccination against contagious diseases can prevent many morbidities and mortalities. The aim of our study was to review the papers which evaluated effectiveness and compliance of the vaccines applied in Hajj. METHODS: We used PubMed and Scopus to search international medical databases...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105293/iranian-television-advertisement-and-children-s-food-preferences
#17
Masoomeh Hajizadehoghaz, Maryam Amini, Afsoun Abdollahi
BACKGROUND: In this study, the nature of food commercials in children's television (TV) was monitored and analyzed; simultaneously, the relationship between recalling TV food commercials and children's interest in them and in the consumption of the same food products was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 108 h children's programs broadcast on two channels (Two and Amouzesh) of Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) media organization were monitored (May 6-12, 2015)...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105292/comparison-of-tobacco-control-programs-worldwide-a-quantitative-analysis-of-the-2015-world-health-organization-mpower-report
#18
Gholamreza Heydari, Fahimeh Chamyani, Mohammad Reza Masjedi, Lida Fadaizadeh
BACKGROUND: A report of the activities of countries worldwide for six main policies to control tobacco use is published once every 2 years by the World Health Organization (WHO). Our objective was to perform a quantitative analysis for it in countries and regions to make a simple view of its programs. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study by filling out a validated checklist from the 2015 WHO Report (MPOWER). All ten MPOWER measures got scores and were entered independently by two individuals and a third party compared the values...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028427/effects-of-iron-on-vitamin-d-metabolism-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Fatemeh Azizi-Soleiman, Mohammadreza Vafa, Behnaz Abiri, Morteza Safavi
Vitamin D is a prohormone nutrient, which is involved in skeletal and extra-skeletal functions. Iron is another essential nutrient that is necessary for the production of red blood cells and oxygen transport. This element plays important roles in enzymatic systems including those required for Vitamin D activation. To the best of our knowledge, there is no exclusive review on the relationship between iron deficiency anemia (IDA), as the most prevalent type of anemia, and Vitamin D deficiency and the effect of recovery from iron deficiency on Vitamin D status...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028426/nonprofessional-care-in-chronic-critically-ill-patient-a-qualitative-study
#20
Leila Mardanian Dehkordi, Monireh Babashahi, Alireza Irajpour
BACKGROUND: Decision-making about patients with critical condition transfer from Intensive Care Unit to the general wards be delegated to their families. The aim of the study was explaining the experiences of family caregiver's about care of chronic critically ill patient. METHODS: This study was conducted with a qualitative content analysis using unstructured interview. Participants were selected purposively from May 2014 to May 2015 and data collection continued until data saturation...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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