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International Journal of Preventive Medicine

Shooka Esmaeeli, Mohsen Yaghoubi, Marzieh Nojomi
Background: Varicella zoster virus is the etiologic agent of primary varicella (chickenpox) during childhood, and varicella vaccination has not been introduced in Iran. The aim of this study is to estimate cost-effectiveness of one- and two-dose Varicella Vaccination Program in Iran. Methods: A decision-tree model was conducted to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the Varicella Vaccination Program in a cohort of 12 months children in Iran. Epidemiologic parameters of varicella were extracted from local and international sources, and cost of disease was estimated based on societal prospective in 2015 US$...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Payam Roshanfekr, Safoora Gharibzadeh, Leila Mohammadinia, Firoozeh Sajedi, Elham Habibi, Hossein Malekafzali
Background: Child-friendly environment project (MAZDAK) is a community-based project for monitoring the development of children in Iran that was implemented as a pilot study in one of the neighborhoods of Tehran (Eyvanak-e Gharb). This study attempted to engage mothers in monitoring of their children's development and assesses the status of children's development by a community-based participatory approach using the ages and stages questionnaires (ASQ). Methods: This study was a community-based participatory research...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ali Davoudi-Kiakalayeh, Reza Mohammadi, Ali Akbar Pourfathollah, Zahra Siery, Sajad Davoudi-Kiakalayeh
Background: Development of alloantibodies against the foreign red blood cell (RBC) (alloimmunization) is a well-known complication in thalassemia patients when performing multiple transfusions. The study was conducted to know the prevalence of alloimmunization in thalassemia patients, in the Caspian Sea coastline. Methods: This study is a descriptive, retrospective analysis of transfusion records of 190 patients with β-thalassemia major who received regular transfusions...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Punith Shetty, Naveen Chandrahas Khargekar, Arpan Debnath, Nitin Ravindra Khargekar, B K Srivastava, Naz E Farha Hakeen
Background: Tobacco is a most important risk factor for various types of cancer as well as some noncommunicable disease. Around 34.6% of Indian population consume tobacco. The tobacco consumption is higher in some vulnerable population such as drivers, daily wage laborers, and policemen. Tobacco consumption is known to cause oral cancers, and screening for oral cancer in these individuals is known to reduce mortality from cancer. The study was designed to assess the determinants of tobacco use and the prevalence of oral precancerous lesions in cab drivers...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Aziz Rezapour, Sajad Vahedi, Farzad Faraji Khiavi, Firooz Esmaeilzadeh, Javad Javan-Noughabi, Abdolhalim Rajabi
Background: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) could increase the risk of catastrophic health expenditure (CHE). The present study aims to analyze CHE among households with and without chronic NCDs in Hamedan. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 780 households' patients, who were being discharged from hospitals in Hamedan, were selected using a proportional stratified random sampling method. Required data were collected through interview and observation using World Health Organization standard questionnaire...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Noushin Jalayer Naderi, Mona Pour Pasha
Background: The evidences on cytotoxic effect of cigarette and waterpipe smoking are very rare and controversial. The aim was to compare the cytotoxic effect of cigarette and waterpipe smoking on human buccal mucosa cells. Methods: The study was case-control. Feulgen-stained samples of exfoliated buccal mucosa cells were evaluated. The cytology slides of 25 cigarette smoker, 25 waterpipe smoker, and 25 individuals in the never smoked were examined. The number of pyknosis, karyorrhexis, and karyolysis in 1000 cells/subject were counted...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mohammad Sadegh Rezai, Reza Tabrizi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost, Mahdi Afshari, Siavosh Abedi, Maryam Akbari, Mohammad Amin Bahrami, Mahmood Moosazadeh
Results of tuberculin skin test (TST) surveys among different populations have been reported in many studies as a method for detecting primary Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Combining these results provides reliable estimates of primary latent tuberculosis (TB) infection for health policymakers. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of latent TB infection in general and high-risk populations in Iran. National and international databanks were searched using specific keywords. After restricting the search strategy, duplicates exclusion, reviewing titles, abstracts and full texts, and quality assessment, eligible papers were selected...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Elahe Aleebrahim-Dehkordy, Hamid Nasri, Azar Baradaran, Parto Nasri, Mohammad Reza Tamadon, Mahrang Hedaiaty, Sara Beigrezaei, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
Medicinal plants have special importance around the world. Further, they have been noticed for nutrition and illness treatment such as preparation of anticancer new drugs. Therefore, a wide range of studies have been done on different plants, and their anticancer effects have been investigated. Nowadays, cancer is the most important factor of death rate in the developed and developing countries. Among them, stomach cancer is one of the most common malignancies around the world. At present, it is recognized as the fourth common cancer and the second factor of death rate due to cancer...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki, Behzad Heidari, Arefeh Hajian-Tilaki
Background: The objective of this study was to determine the gender differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and to indicate to what extent this difference can be explained by differential in demographic and chronic disease conditions in Iranian elderly people. Methods: This analysis was carried out on cross-sectional data of QoL assessment among 750 elderly individuals aged 60-90 years who were dwelling in urban population of Babol, the North of Iran...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegaddesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ali Abbaskhanian, Daniel Zamanfar, Parvaneh Afshar, Einollah Asadpoor, Hamed Rouhanizadeh, Ali Jafarnia, Mohammad Shokzadeh
Background: Classic phenylketonuria (PKU) is a metabolic disorder. The purpose of this study was to assess epidemiological factors of PKU phenotypes in a neonatal screening program for Mazandaran, Iran. Methods: In this descriptive-retrospective study from 2007 to 2015, neonates PKU level was conducted by phenylalanine level based on a biochemical technique by ELISA and then by confirmatory methods high performance liquid chromatography. Results: Of the 407,244 screened newborns (48...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Shiva Mortazavi, Zahra Enshaei, Ziba Farajzadegan
Background: The aim of the present study was to develop a dental caries risk assessment tool for Iranian preschoolers. Methods: In a validation and cross-sectional study, a random sample of 150 preschool children was involved. This study was conducted in three phases: questionnaire design (expert panel and peer evaluation), questionnaire testing (pilot evaluation and field testing), and validation study. The initial assessments include interview, dental examination, and laboratory investigations...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mohammad Hassan Sahebihagh, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Hossein Ansari, Azadeh Lesani, Ali Fakhari, Asghar Mohammadpoorasl
Background: There are scant studies on the prevalence and determinants of tobacco smoking among 1st year university students in Iran. We aim to determine the prevalence of substance abuse and identify factors related with tobacco smoking in 1st year students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences (QUMS). Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on sociodemographic, cigarette smoking, hookah smoking, and related risk factors among 521 1st year students in QUMS between January and February 2014...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Daniel Zamanfar, Hossein Jalali, Mohammad Reza Mahdavi, Morteza Maadanisani, Hossein Zaeri, Eynollah Asadpoor
Background: There are more than 500 different mutations on phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene that is responsible for phenylketonuria (PKU) diseases and the spectrum of these mutations is varied in different populations. The main clinical manifestation of untreated patients is severe mental retardation. The PAH gene, that is 90 kb long, is consisted of 13 exons and 12 introns. The aim of the present study was to identify the frequency of five common mutations on PAH gene among patients with PKU in Mazandaran and Golestan provinces including c...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mina Danaei, Charles John Palenik, Gholamreza Abdollahifard, Mehrdad Askarian
Background: A healthy lifestyle is important because of its long-term benefits; however, there is a paucity of information concerning health choices among Iranians. We evaluated personal health behaviors, attempts to change unhealthy behaviors, and factors affecting attempts at change. Methods: The design of this cross-sectional study was to assemble a representative cadre of >18-year-old adults in Shiraz, Iran, using a multistage cluster sampling technique. Validated questionnaires collected participant's demographic information, such as weight, height, cigarette smoking history, physical activity, and attempts at lifestyle changes during the previous year...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Mahnaz Ashoorkhani, Reza Majdzadeh, Saharnaz Nedjat, Jaleh Gholami
Introduction: While disseminating health research findings to the public, it is very important to present appropriate and accurate information to give the target audience a correct understanding of the subject matter. The objective of this study was to design and psychometrically evaluate a checklist for health journalists to help them prepare news of appropriate accuracy and authenticity. Methods: The study consisted of two phases, checklist design and psychometrics...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Selma Osman, Chelsea Ziegler, Randie Gibson, Razi Mahmood, John Moraros
Background: The global prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is expected to increase and the disease is projected to be the third leading cause of death by the year 2020. The purpose of this study was to measure the prevalence and determine the risk factors for COPD in Canada. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that uses data from a nationally generalizable survey, the Canadian Community Health Survey, 2014. There were 46,924 respondents aged 35 years or older...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Masoomeh Goodarzi-Khoigani, Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Mohammad Hossein Baghiani Moghadam, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Farahnaz Mardanian, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Azam Dadkhah-Tirani
Background: Chronic insulin resistance (IR) is a basic part of the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus. Nutrition significantly impacts IR and weight loss reduces insulin levels, whereas weight gain increases the concentrations. Therefore, we surveyed the effect of nutrition intervention on IR in pregnant women and whether this effect is irrespective of weight gaining in accordance with Institute of Medicine limits. Methods: This prospective, randomized clinical trial was carried out among 150 primiparous pregnant mothers in fifteen health centers, five hospitals, and 15 private obstetrical offices in Isfahan...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Elham Habibi, Firouzeh Sajedi, Hosein Malek Afzali, Nikta Hatamizadeh, Soheila Shahshahanipour, Frances Page Glascoe
Background: Early childhood is the most important step throughout the lifespan and it is a critical period continuing to the end of 8-year-old. Mothers' knowledge is one of the important aspects of child development. The goals of this study were to determine the situation of knowledge in Iranian parents about the concept and the importance of early childhood development (ECD) and determining the sources of parental knowledge about ECD from the perspective of parents and grandparents. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted based on the directional content analysis in 2016...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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