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International Journal of Preventive Medicine

Farahnak Assadi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Edris Haghir, Claudia Madampage, Razi Mahmood, John Moraros
Background: Despite major public health efforts in addressing the burden of disease caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs), rates among young adults continue to rise in Canada. The purpose of the study was to examine the prevalence and risk factors associated with acquiring STIs among postsecondary students in Canada. Methods: A secondary analysis of the American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment II-C Spring 2016 survey data ( n = 43,780) was conducted...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Masoud Shamaei, Shahrbanoo Esmaeili, Majid Marjani, Payam Tabarsi
Background: Close contact investigation is the essential key in tuberculosis (TB) case finding and an effective strategy for TB control program within any society. Methods: In this prospective study, 1186 close family contacts of hospitalized TB patients (index) in a referral TB hospital in Tehran-Iran were passively studied. These people were studied to rollout TB infection and disease. Demographic characteristics, clinical and laboratory data of these individuals were reviewed and summarized for analysis...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Alireza Jabbari, Mohammad Hossein Yarmohamadian, Marziye Hadian
Background: The 7th package of health reform in Iran has been implemented in May 15, 1393, is concerned with the "promotion of natural childbirth." It has been focusing on reducing cesarean section (CS) and promoting normal vaginal delivery (NVD) as broadly as possible. This study evaluated the changes in the vaginal delivery and cesarean before and after implementation of the 7th package of health reform in public and private hospitals of Isfahan Province in 2014. Methods: This was a quasi-experimental research...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Roya Taleban, Mohammad Moafi, Behrooz Ataei, Majid Yaran, Zary Nokhodian, Nazila Kassaian, Peyman Adibi, Abbasali Javadi
Background: Scientists perceive drug users (DUs) as a high-risk population for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Effective strategies aiming at the reduction of HBV infection can be depicted when its epidemiological status is clearly defined. The present study provides new insight into associated risk factors of HBV infection and its seroepidemiological status among DUs attending drop-in centers (DICs). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, which was implemented in 7 DICs of Isfahan province...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Rozieyati Mohamed Saleh, Zulkafli Zefarina, Nor Fazila Che Mat, Geoffrey Keith Chambers, Hisham Atan Edinur
Transfusion procedures are always complicated by potential genetic mismatching between donor and recipient. Compatibility is determined by several major antigens, such as the ABO and Rhesus blood groups. Matching for other blood groups (Kell, Kidd, Duffy, and MNS), human platelet antigens, and human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) also contributes toward the successful transfusion outcomes, especially in multitransfused or highly immunized patients. All these antigens of tissue identity are highly polymorphic and thus present great challenges for finding suitable donors for transfusion patients...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Barbara Kabai Burmen, Joseph Mogunde, Timothy Malika
Background: The former Nyanza Province of Kenya bore the brunt of HIV-driven tuberculosis (TB); 62% of the 19,152 cases in 2010 were HIV co-infected. The use of laypersons to improve TB case finding in community settings has shown rewarding results in other countries. We have no documented Kenyan experience in health facility settings. We evaluated the benefit of using laypersons to support TB screening and referrals at the former Nyanza Province of kenya province's largest regional referral facility...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Barbara Kabai Burmen, Joseph Mogunde, Pamela Olilo
Background: Postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) with antiretroviral therapy (ART) and vaccination against hepatitis B virus (HBV) aides in preventing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and HBV, respectively, from accidental or occupational exposure. We assessed compliance to guidelines for HIV and HBV prevention after occupational exposure among hospital staff at a referral Kenyan hospital. Methods: We reviewed PEP registers for hospital staff reporting an occupational injury at a referral hospital in Western Kenya between January 2011 and December 2012...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Asija Zaciragic, Mehmed Elezovic, Nermina Babic, Nesina Avdagic, Amela Dervisevic, Jasminko Huskic
Background: Neck circumference (NC) is an index of subcutaneous adipose tissue distribution in an area of the upper part of the body. The aim of this study was to assess whether NC can be used as an indicator of central obesity and to determine the prevalence of central obesity in apparently healthy Bosnian young adults. Methods: Participants for this cross-sectional study were recruited using the snowball method. NC was measured in horizontal straight position by placing the top edge of a plastic tape only below the laryngeal prominence and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the neck, with the head positioned in the Frankfort horizontal plane...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Behnam Honarvar, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Maryam Kazemi, Fatemeh Shaygani, Eghbal Sekhavati, Atefeh Raooufi, Hadi Raeisi Shahraki
Introduction: Urban family physician program (UFPP) was launched in Fars province of Iran in 2012. We aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of people toward this 5-year-old program. Methods: In this population-based study, through a multistage random sampling from 6 cities of Fars province, 1350 people older than 18 years were interviewed. For data collection, a questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic characteristics and items about knowledge and practice toward UFPP was used...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Farhad Forouharmajd, Siamak Pourabdian, Hossein Ebrahimi
Background: Worries have recently been increased in the absorption of radiofrequency waves and their destructing effects on human health by increasing use of cell phones (mobile phones). This study performed to determine the thermal changes due to mobile phone radio frequency waves in gray and white brain tissue. Methods: This study is an empirical study, where the thermal changes of electromagnetic waves resulted from cell phones (900 MHZ, specific absorption rate for head 1...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Behzad Damari, Siamak Alikhani, Forouzan Akrami
Background: Protecting the youth and adolescents' health is considered to be an indicator of health equity. The current study was conducted to analyze health status of the Iranian youth and adolescents, identify service gaps, and design action-oriented interventions. Methods: In this study with multimethods design conducted in 2014, first to identify and analyze the current situation, related articles and national and international documents were searched and reviewed...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Shahabeddin Rezaei, Ahmed Abdulahi Abdurahman, Maryam Mahmoudi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Omid Savabi, Farahnaz Nejatidanesh, Kamran Poshang Bagheri, Leila Karimi, Ghazal Savabi
Background: Disinfection of dental impression is mandatory for preventing the cross infection between dental staff and dental laboratory. Ozone as a disinfectant can be used in various ways in dentistry. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of ozonated water for disinfection of irreversible hydrocolloid impression materials and preventing cross-contamination. Methods: Thirty-two circular specimens (1 cm diameter and 2 mm thickness) of irreversible hydrocolloid impression material were made...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Makan Pourmasoumi, Nooshin Vosoughi, Seyedeh-Masoumeh Derakhshandeh-Rishehri, Mostafa Assarroudi, Motahar Heidari-Beni
The evidence on the association between omega-3 consumption and epileptic seizure is inconsistent. Therefore, we have conducted this systematic review to clarify the possible relationship. Original articles were searched in electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar, Cochrane, and Ovid) and by reviewing the reference lists of retrieved articles. The main evaluated outcome was the epileptic seizures. We included the English language studies that reported the original data on the effect of omega-3 on epileptic human patients...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Nashwa Nabil Kamal, Nashaat Nabil Kamal
Background: To determine the association between problematic Internet use (PIU) and disordered eating attitudes (DEAs) and to detect the potential risk factors for PIU among University students in Minia, Egypt. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among a random sample ( n = 2365) of Minia University students. PIU was assessed using The Problematic Internet Use Scale (PIUS), and the DEAs were assessed using eating attitudes test-26 questionnaire. Results: Of the 2365 students, 424 (17...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Vida Mohammadi, Fariborz Khorvash, Awat Feizi, Gholamreza Askari
Background: Stroke as a devastating condition is one of the major causes of death worldwide. It is accountable for long time disability with high personal and social cost in adults. There are several risk factors for stroke such as diabetes and hypertension. Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) as an antioxidant can be a risk modifier in these patients. We designed this trial to scrutinize the possible effects of ALA consumption on some cardiovascular risk factors in patients experienced stroke. Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 67 patients experienced stroke were randomly allocated into two groups (taking a 600 mg ALA supplement or placebo daily for 12 weeks)...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Roya Kelishadi, Mostafa Qorbani, Farahnak Assadi, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Shirin Djalalinia, Ali Shahsavari, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Gita Shafiee, Azadeh Aminianfar, Sajjad Esmaeili, Tahereh Aminaei, Morteza Mansourian, Ramin Heshmat
Background: The prevalence of glomerular hyperfiltration and chronic kidney disease is increasing worldwide in parallel with obesity hypertension epidemic. The effect of increases in glomerular filtrations (GFR) in children with metabolic syndrome has not been studied. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the relationship between GFR and cardiometabolic risk factors in a large sample of pediatric population. Methods: In this nationwide survey, 3800 participants were selected by cluster random sampling from 30 provinces in Iran...
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ayadi D Imene, Ben Hamida Emira, Marrakchi Zahra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava, Jegadeesh Ramasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
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