Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Geriatric Oncology

Kathryn S Kass, Frank O Velez-Cubian, Wei Wei Zhang, Kavian Toosi, Tawee Tanvetyanon, Kathryn L Rodriguez, Matthew R Thau, Joseph R Garrett, Carla C Moodie, Jacques P Fontaine, Eric M Toloza
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether advanced age affects peri-operative outcomes after robotic-assisted pulmonary lobectomies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients who underwent robotic-assisted lobectomy by one surgeon over a 5-year period. Rates of postoperative complications were compared according to age group. Other outcomes, such as intraoperative complications, hospital length of stay (LOS), and in-hospital mortality, were also compared...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Lorna G Keenan, Michelle O'Brien, Tim Ryan, Mary Dunne, Orla McArdle
OBJECTIVE: In this study we evaluate the usefulness of the Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) in predicting which older patients are at risk of developing serious toxicities during radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was carried out over an 18month period. Our primary aim was to examine the Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) as a predictor of toxicity in patients over 70years undergoing radical radiotherapy for any malignant diagnosis. RESULTS: 63 patients were recruited: 29% experienced grade 3 or greater toxicities, with very few having multiple grade 3 or greater toxicities...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Alfonso José Cruz-Jentoft, Bernardo González, Javier de la Rubia, José Ángel Hernández Rivas, Juan Alfonso Soler, Carlos Fernández Lago, Mario Arnao, Mercedes Gironella, Ernesto Pérez Persona, María Teresa Zudaire, Carmen Olivier, Alberto Altés, Antonio García Guiñón, Benet Nomdedeu, Montserrat Arnan, Ángel Ramírez Payer, Pedro Sánchez-Godoy, Nuria Pajuelo, David Vilanova, Diego Fernánez Monjil, Santiago Bonanad
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the responsiveness of the newly developed Geriatric Assessment in Hematology (GAH) scale to clinical change in older patients diagnosed with hematologic malignancies. METHODS: A prospective observational study conducted in 164 patients aged ≥65years and diagnosed with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS)/acute myeloid leukemia (AML), multiple myeloma (MM), or chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Responsiveness of the GAH scales was studied by means of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) score, the Karnofsky performance status (KPS) score, the visual analog scale (VAS), and the physician's subjective assessment, used as clinical anchors to identify whether patients had changed clinically (either improved or worsened) or not since the baseline visit...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Harpreet Singh, Julia A Beaver, Geoffrey Kim, Richard Pazdur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Ajeet Gajra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Désirée Louise Dräger, Chris Protzel, Oliver W Hakenberg
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of all cancer cases affect patients who are older than 65years, yet the specific conditions of the treatment and supportive care in this age group are poorly studied. There are limited data on the specific psycho-oncological problems in elderly patients with genito-urinary cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial needs of elderly patients with genito-urinary tumors using screening questionnaires and to use such screening questionnaires for an in-patient psychosocial treatment program...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Clark Dumontier, Kerri M Clough-Gorr, Rebecca A Silliman, Andreas E Stuck, André Moser
OBJECTIVES: The Getting Out of Bed Scale (GOB) was validated as a health-related quality of life (HRQoL) variable in older women with early stage breast cancer, suggesting its potential as a concise yet powerful measure of motivation. The aim of our project was to assess the association between GOB and mortality over 10years of follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 660 women ≥65-years old diagnosed with stage I-IIIA primary breast cancer. Data were collected over 10years of follow-up from interviews, medical records, and death indexes...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Shuyin Liang, Julie Hallet, Jory S Simpson, Andrea C Tricco, Adena S Scheer
INTRODUCTION: Management of early breast cancer in the elderly population is challenging due to different breast cancer biology and limited tolerance to aggressive treatments. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether the omission of axillary staging impacts breast cancer outcomes in elderly patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) guidelines...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Victor Germain, Tienhan Sandrine Dabakuyo-Yonli, Sophie Marilier, Alain Putot, Leila Bengrine-Lefevre, Patrick Arveux, Patrick Manckoundia, Valérie Quipourt
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perceived burden and the quality of life (QoL) at 3 and 6months of the primary caregiver (PC) of patients aged 70 and over suffering from cancer and the predictors of QoL in this population. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, 98 patients aged 70 and older with cancer and 96 PCs were included between 01/06/2014 and 18/03/2015. The Medical Outcomes Study 12-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) was used to assess the QoL of PCs and the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) was used to measure the perceived burden at 3 and 6months...
December 11, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Marwan Ghosn, Tony Ibrahim, Elie El Rassy, Najib Nassani, Sassine Ghanem, Tarek Assi
OBJECTIVES: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a complex and interdisciplinary approach to evaluate the health status of elderly patients. The Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) and Physical Performance Test (PPT) are less time-consuming tools that measure functional status. This study was designed to assess and compare abridged geriatric assessment (GA), KPS and PPT as predictive tools of mortality in elderly cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective interventional study included all individuals aged >70years who were diagnosed with cancer during the study period...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Matti Aapro, Karin Jordan, Richard J Gralla, Giada Rizzi, Giorgia Rossi, Marco Palmas, Anna V Alyasova, Alla S Lisyanskaya, Snežana M Bošnjak, Paul J Hesketh
OBJECTIVES: Prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is critical in older cancer patients. NEPA is an oral fixed combination of netupitant 300mg, a new NK1 receptor antagonist (RA), and palonosetron 0.5mg, a pharmacologically distinct 5-HT3 RA. This retrospective analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of NEPA in older patients. METHODS: Patients aged ≥65 and ≥70years from one phase II and two phase III trials were considered. Chemotherapy-naive patients with malignant tumors were treated with anthracycline-cyclophosphamide (AC), non-AC-based moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (non-AC MEC), or highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC)...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Miriam B Rodin
When considering screening for early cancer detection physicians should anticipate how they plan to follow up a screen detected cancer. Geriatric oncology research has developed validated functional assessments to estimate the balance of risk and benefit for treating cancers in the elderly. Robust elderly can benefit from treatment and therefore might benefit from screening. However the majority of elderly in long term residential care (LTC, or "the nursing home") would not benefit from cancer screening. The 1...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Lindsay L Peterson, Arti Hurria, Tao Feng, Supriya G Mohile, Cynthia Owusu, Heidi D Klepin, Cary P Gross, Stuart M Lichtman, Ajeet Gajra, Ilya Glezerman, Vani Katheria, Laura Zavala, David D Smith, Can-Lan Sun, William P Tew
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between renal function (RF) and chemotherapy-related toxicity (CRT) in older adults with cancer and to compare the effect of different RF formulas and body weight measurements on this association. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a prospective multicenter study of patients ≥ age 65 who were starting a new chemotherapy regimen. RF was estimated with 4 formulas (modified Jelliffe [Jelliffe], Cockcroft-Gault [CG], Wright, and Modification of Diet in Renal Disease [MDRD]), using actual, ideal and adjusted body weights for 492 patients...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Justin P Turner, Sepehr Shakib, J Simon Bell
"Is my older cancer patient on too many medications?" is a question that confronts many physicians. Increasing age is associated with an increase in comorbidity, and consequently an increase in the number of medications prescribed to provide symptomatic relief and prevent disease related sequelae. The use of multiple medications, often termed polypharmacy, is highly prevalent in older people with cancer. Polypharmacy is not necessarily inappropriate but has been associated with drug-drug interactions, use of potentially inappropriate medications and a range of adverse events...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Matti Aapro, Carsten Bokemeyer, Heinz Ludwig, Pere Gascón, Mario Boccadoro, Kris Denhaerynck, Michael Gorray, Andriy Krendyukov, Karen MacDonald, Ivo Abraham
BACKGROUND: Myelotoxic chemotherapy is associated with chemotherapy-induced (febrile) neutropenia (CIN/FN). The MONITOR-GCSF study evaluated biosimilar filgrastim (Zarzio®) prophylaxis patterns, associated outcomes, and determinants. We performed stratified analyses comparing elderly and non-elderly patients. METHODS: Comparative (elderly/non-elderly) analysis of demographics and clinical status, prophylaxis, associated CIN/FN outcomes (CIN grade 4 [CIN4], FN, CIN/FN-related hospitalizations and chemodisturbances, composite), and, per hierarchical modeling, determinants thereof evaluated at the patient- and cycle-level...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Siran M Koroukian, Nicholas K Schiltz, David F Warner, Charles W Given, Mark Schluchter, Cynthia Owusu, Nathan A Berger
OBJECTIVE: Most prior studies on aggressive end-of-life care in older patients with cancer have accounted for social determinants of health (e.g., race, income, and education), but rarely for multimoribidity (MM). In this study, we examine the association between end-of-life care and each of the social determinants of health and MM, hypothesizing that higher MM is associated with less aggressive care. METHODS: From the linked 1991-2008 Health and Retirement Study, Medicare data, and the National Death Index, we identified fee-for-service patients age ≥66years who died from cancer (n=835)...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Lisa M Lowenstein, Supriya G Mohile, Heather Hopkins Gil, Chintan Pandya, Joshua Hemmerich, Miriam Rodin, William Dale
OBJECTIVES: Older men with a prostate cancer (PCa) diagnosis face competing mortality risks. Little is known about the prevalence of vulnerability and predictors of mortality in this population compared to men without a PCa diagnosis. We examined the predictive utility of the Vulnerable Elders Survey (VES-13) for mortality in older men with a PCa diagnosis as compared to controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Men aged ≥65years from an urban geriatrics clinic completed the VES-13 between 2003 and 2008...
November 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Wei Duan-Porter, Harvey J Cohen, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Richard Sloane, Jane F Pendergast, Denise C Snyder, Miriam C Morey
OBJECTIVES: To characterize factors contributing to physical resilience in older cancer survivors, as demonstrated by resistance to decline or recovery (resilience). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a randomized controlled trial of cancer survivors ≥65years old and ≥5years from cancer diagnoses. Physical function was assessed quarterly over 2years, with Short-Form 36 physical function subscale. Participants with ≥2 follow-up assessments (n=594) were evaluated for physical resilience: 1) Resistance was defined as lack of any decline, where decline was a drop of ≥13 points, and 2) resilience (i...
November 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Cressida F Lorimer, Frank Saran, Anthony J Chalmers, Juliet Brock
OBJECTIVE: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the commonest primary malignant brain tumour amongst the adult population. Incidence peaks in the 7th and 8th decades of life and as our global population ages, rates are increasing. GBM is an almost universally fatal disease with life expectancy in the range of 3-5months amongst the elderly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The assessment of elderly GBM patients prior to treatment decisions is poorly researched and unstandardised. In order to begin tackling this issue we performed a cross-sectional survey across all UK based consultant neuro-oncologists to review their current practice in assessing elderly GBM patients...
November 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Demetris Papamichael, Lindsay A Renfro, Christiana Matthaiou, Greg Yothers, Leonard Saltz, Katherine A Guthrie, Eric Van Cutsem, Hans-Joachim Schmoll, Roberto Labianca, Thierry André, Michael O'Connell, Steven R Alberts, Daniel G Haller, Panteleimon Kountourakis, Daniel J Sargent
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant! Online is a tool used for clinical decision making in patients with early stage colon cancer. As details of the tool's construction are not published, the ability of Adjuvant! Online to accurately predict outcomes for older patients (age 70+) with node positive colon cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy is unclear. METHODS: Individual data from older patients with stage III colon cancer who enrolled into multiple trials within the ACCENT database were entered into the Adjuvant! Online program to obtain predicted probabilities of 5-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS)...
November 2016: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"