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International Journal of Trichology

Pablo Fernández-Crehuet, Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Matilde Iorizzo, Cosimo Misciali, Sandra Lorenzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Aditya Kumar Bubna, Maharaja Krishnamoorthy, Barathi Gunabooshanam
Collision or contiguous tumors refer to the combined existence of two or more tumors in a single lesion. In the skin, these growths could closely mimic other cutaneous tumors, thus making diagnosis difficult. We hereby report a dual tumor, comprising pilomatricoma, and eccrine syringofibroadenoma, which to the best of our knowledge have not been previously reported in medical literature.
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Shricharith Shetty, Raghavendra Rao, R Ranjini Kudva, Kumudhini Subramanian
Alopecia areata (AA) over scalp is known to present in various shapes and extents of hair loss. Typically it presents as circumscribed patches of alopecia with underlying skin remaining normal. We describe a rare variant of AA presenting in linear band-like form. Only four cases of linear alopecia have been reported in medical literature till today, all four being diagnosed as lupus erythematosus profundus.
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Sanjiv V Choudhary, Uday V Choudhari
A 17-year-old girl presented with alopecia involving lateral margins of the scalp with primary amenorrhea. There was no history of parental consanguinity, and no other siblings were having similar complaints. Her secondary sexual characters were well developed with hypoplastic vagina. Histopathological findings from scalp biopsy showed features of alopecia areata. Ultrasonography of abdomen and pelvis revealed the absence of uterus and the right kidney. Follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol, testosterone, and thyroid function test was within normal limits...
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Seval Dogruk Kacar, Ethem Soyucok, Erman Bagcioglu, Pınar Ozuguz, Kerem Senol Coskun, Ahmet Hakki Asık, Hasan Mayda
AIM: We aimed to measure the perceived stigma, especially in patients with alopecia areata (AA) and to compare the results with patients with mental disorder (MD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included forty patients with AA who were consecutively recruited from dermatology outpatient clinic and 42 patients with MD who were consecutively recruited from psychiatric outpatient clinic. The presence of a MD was assessed by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder Fourth Edition...
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Soudabeh Tirgar-Tabari, Majid Sharbatdaran, Sara Manafi-Afkham, Mohammad Montazeri
BACKGROUND: Hirsutism is one of the most important diseases that lead women to refer to dermatology clinic. Hyperprolactinemia is one of the causes of hirsutism. The aim of this study was to determine prolactin (PRL) levels in hirsute women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, hirsute patients were evaluated. For all of the patients, 2 or 3 days after mense starting, hormone level tests were performed, and 200 patients that had not polycystic ovary syndrome enrolled to the study...
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Agnes Rosarina Prita Sari, Nicholas Wolfgang Rufaut, Leslie Norman Jones, Rodney Daniel Sinclair
CONTEXT: The dermal papilla (DP) is a condensation of mesenchymal cells at the proximal end of the hair follicle, which determines hair shaft size and regulates matrix cell proliferation and differentiation. DP cells have the ability to regenerate new hair follicles. These cells tend to aggregate both in vitro and in vivo. This tendency is associated with the ability of papilla cells to induce hair growth. However, human papilla cells lose their hair-inducing activity in later passage number...
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Mahnaz Banihashemi, Yalda Nahidi, Naser Tayyebi Meibodi, Lida Jarahi, Mojgan Dolatkhah
BACKGROUND: Female pattern hair loss (FPHL) is the most common cause of alopecia in women, characterized by diffuse nonscarring hair loss in frontal, central, and parietal areas of the scalp. Pathophysiology of FPHL is still not well known, and it is probably a multifactorial genetic trait. FPHL is also observed in women without increased androgen levels, which raises the likelihood of androgen-independent mechanisms and explains the lack of response to antiandrogen treatments in some patients...
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Kanika Singh, Sonal Sharma, Usha Rani Singh, Sambit Nath Bhattacharya
CONTEXT: Both vertical and transverse sections are used for the diagnosis of alopecia areata. However when a single biopsy is submitted the pathologist has to decide which type is better. AIMS: To compare the diagnostic histological features in vertical and transverse sections in alopecia areata scalp biopsy specimens. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Tertiary Care Hospital. Comparative Study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 30 patients were enrolled in the study...
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Agnes Rosarina Prita Sari, Nicholas Wolfgang Rufaut, Leslie Norman Jones, Rodney Daniel Sinclair
CONTEXT: In androgenetic alopecia, follicular miniaturization and dynamic changes to the hair cycle produce patterned baldness. The most effective treatment for baldness is hair transplantation surgery. The major limitation to hair transplantation is the availability of donor hair from the relatively unaffected occipital scalp. Hair induction with in vitro expansion of donor follicle populations has the potential to overcome this. The major obstacle to this is that in vitro expansion of human dermal papilla cell (DPC) colonies is associated with irreversible loss of aggregative behavior and hair follicle-inductive potential...
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Sujita Kumar Kar, Jyoti Singh, Pooja Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Pablo Fonda-Pascual, Sergio Vano-Galvan, Maria Jose Garcia-Hernandez, Francisco Camacho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Feroze Kaliyadan, B B Gosai, Walid Naief Al Melhim, Kaberi Feroze, Habib Ahmad Qureshi, Sayed Ibrahim, Joel Kuruvilla
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND: Cosmetic procedures for hair, such as bleaching, dyeing, and straightening, are commonly used around the world. It has been suggested that excessive use of such procedures can cause damage to the hair shaft. We aimed to assess hair shaft changes using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in female volunteers who frequently use hair treatment procedures such as bleaching, dyeing, or straightening. METHODS: A cross-sectional, controlled study in a sample of 25 female volunteers (19 study group and 6 controls) in the age group of 18-45 years...
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Michela Starace, Annalisa Patrizi, Bianca Maria Piraccini
Erosive pustular dermatitis of the scalp (EPDS) typically affects elderly people with scarring alopecia. Videodermoscopy (VD) of the scalp has never been assessed in the diagnosis of EPDS. To evaluate the trichoscopy features of EPDS, we carried out a retrospective analysis of VD images obtained in the scalp of ten patients who affected by EPDS and were compared with those obtained from a series of thirty patients who affected by other type of scarring alopecia. The most specific VD feature was thus represented by evident hair bulb in the scarring scalp, observed in all patients...
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Francine Papaiordanou, Bruno Rebelo Lages da Silveira, Juan Piñeiro-Maceira, Rodrigo Pirmez
Pressure-induced alopecia is an unusual cause of hair loss, and reports of its trichoscopic features are scarce. In this paper, we describe a case of pressure-induced alopecia in which trichoscopic and histopathological findings overlap with those described for alopecia areata.
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Shruti Mohankumar Menon, Yugal K Sharma, Prakhar Bansal, Shruti S Ghadgepatil
Vitiligo is an acquired, idiopathic depigmentary disease resisting satisfactory repigmentation despite multimodal therapy. Based on the concept of activation of the existing undifferentiated stem cells in the outer root sheet of the hair follicles, follicular unit extraction (FUE) transplant is an interesting advancement in the field of minimally invasive surgery for vitiligo. We herein present three cases of vitiligo whose residual recalcitrant foci as well as poliosis - refractory to therapy including with previous nonculture melanocyte-keratinocyte transplant - repigmented satisfactorily after FUE transplant...
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Kajal Manchanda, Sandip Mohanty
Hypertrichosis is characterized by increased hair growth independent of androgen excess. There are various causes of acquired localized hypertrichosis including chronic irritation and inflammation. Localised hypertrichosis following pentavalent vaccine has not been described previously in Indian literature. We hereby report a case of a 4-month-old healthy infant presenting with focal circumscribed areas of hypertrichosis over anterolateral aspect of bilateral thighs at the site of vaccination.
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Vinay Kumar Reddy Kundoor, Kotya Naik Maloth, Sunitha Kesidi, Thakur Moni
Ambras syndrome is a rare and special form of congenital hypertrichosis, characterized by dysmorphic facial features and familial pattern of inheritance. It is rarely associated with gingival hyperplasia. We report such a rare entity in a 38-year-old female patient with a history of consanguinity and positive family history.
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
Manjeet Naresh Ramteke, Anuradha Ashok Bhide
Trichostasis spinulosa (TS) is very common yet unrecognized disorder of the hair follicle. Usually occurring on the mid-face, especially on the nose, TS occurs more commonly in young, adult dark skinned women. Here, we present a case of TS at an unusual site diagnosed on the basis of history, hair mount, dermoscopy, and histopathology.
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
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