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International Journal of Trichology

Ashutosh Kaushal, Ashish Bindra, Shalendra Singh, Vattipalli Sameera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Geetika Gera, Isha Gupta, Surabhi Dayal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Priyadarshini Sahu, Surabhi Dayal, Geetika Gera, Ashish Amrani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Jenny Callander, Paul Devakar Yesudian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Kavita Poonia, Pragati Gogia, Mala Bhalla
Hypertrichosis is described as an increased hair growth on any part or over whole body in comparison to persons of the same age, sex, and race which is independent of androgen excess. It may be localized and generalized or alternatively acquired and congenital forms. The acquired localized hypertrichosis has been associated with various causes including local trauma, chronic irritation, inflammation, occlusion by cast, and drugs. Here, we report a case of 2½-month-old healthy infant presenting with localized area of hypertrichosis over anterolateral aspect of the left thigh which was confined to the site of vaccination...
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Jasleen Kaur, Mala Bhalla, Gurvinder Pal Thami
Trichothiodystrophy (TTD) is characterized by the common feature of sulfur-deficient brittle hair associated with a constellation of neuroectodermal symptoms. There is a wide phenotypic variation in the severity; ranging from isolated hair defect to multiple neuroectodermal symptoms such as photosensitivity, ichthyosis, intellectual impairment, decreased fertility, and short stature. This case report describes TTD in two sisters with only hair fragility and no other associated feature. This case highlights the variable clinical presentation of TTD and the need for regular follow-up in such patients for an early detection of any neurological, physical, and sexual impairment...
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Tayfun Kara, Zeynep Topkarcı
Alopecia areata (AA) is a dermatologic disease that can be seen in all age groups with nonscarring hair loss. While the causes of AA are suggested to be the role of genetic, psychological stresses, cellular and humoral immunity, and endocrine and neural factors, the underlying cause is not fully known. Psychiatric diseases are frequently reported in many studies in patients with AA. In this report, children with AA and psychiatric evaluation of them and the prominence of psychiatric evaluation in AA were discussed; AA and posttraumatic stress disorder were reviewed in the light of the relevant literature...
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Deepak Jakhar, Ishmeet Kaur
Alopecia of the lower limbs is a rarely reported entity. Friction due to footwear, socks, and tight clothing is one of the causes of lower limb alopecia. The typical site of involvement and improvement after removal of triggering factor are an important clue to the diagnosis. Alopecia areata remains a close differential, and dermoscopy/trichoscopy can serve as an adjunctive aid in the diagnosis.
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Banashree Majumdar, Abhishek De, Soumyodhriti Ghosh, Amrita Sil, Aarti Sarda, Koushik Lahiri, Gobinda Chatterjee, Sudip Das
Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune characterized by nonscarring loss of scalp and/or body hairs. Topical PUVA has been reported to have good effect in AA. The modification of topical PUVA which we call, "Turban PUVA-sol," is a method of localized immunotherapy using psoralen solution followed by sun exposure. Aims: We aim to study the therapeutic role and side effect profile of turban PUVA in the treatment of advanced and refractory AA. Methodology: Fifteen consecutive patients of alopecia subtotalis (at least 70% of scalp hair loss), totalis, and universalis, attending the dermatology outpatient department of a tertiary care hospital in eastern India were subjected to "Turban PUVA-sol" after duly signed consent...
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Hamidreza Mahmoudi, Mahdieh Salehi, Saba Moghadas, Narges Ghandi, Amir Teimourpour, Maryam Daneshpazhooh
Background: Dermoscopy is used increasingly in dermatological practice. Although dermoscopic findings of alopecia areata (AA) are described in the literature, studies are limited. Aim: Our aim was to evaluate dermoscopic findings of Iranian patients with AA and correlate them with disease activity and severity. Subjects and Methods: Totally 126 patients were examined using a Dermlite II multispectral dermoscope. Severity, activity, pull test, nail changes, treatments, and dermoscopic findings were recorded...
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Muhammad Waqas Luqman, Muhammad Haris Ramzan, Usama Javaid, Roshan Ali, Muhammad Shoaib, Muhammad Ayyas Luqman
Background and Aim: Interaction of hair with water is common. This study was conducted to compare changes in baseline strength of hair after treating it with hard water and deionized water. Material and Methods: Hardness level of water samples collected from 10 districts of KP, Pakistan was determined, and that with maximum hardness was considered our sample hard water. Hair samples of 70 male individuals, from district with minimum hardness levels, were collected...
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Erkin Pekmezci, Murat Turkoğlu, Hilal Gökalp, Zekayi Kutlubay
Introduction: Minoxidil has been used topically to stimulate hair growth for male androgenetic alopecia (AGA) for more than 3 decades. It is currently being used for female AGA and alopecia areata (AA) as well. Although much time has passed since its first use, our understanding of its mechanism of action is highly limited. Therefore, we examined the inflammatory properties of AGA and AA, two entities in which minoxidil is being used as a therapeutic agent. We investigated the in vitro expression levels of cytokine interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1α), a potent inhibitor of hair growth, in minoxidil-treated human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cells to determine whether this molecule exerts anti-inflammatory effects...
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Chandrashekar Byalekere Shivanna, Chaithra Shenoy, R Arti Priya
Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by patchy loss of hair from scalp, beard, eyebrows, or rarely even body hair. Rarely, the disease can be widespread and severe leading to loss of entire scalp and body hair causing apprehension and psychological stress in patients. Management of such cases is equally difficult with the available options of topical and systemic immunosuppressant. Tofacitinib, JAK3 inhibitor, is emerging as a promising drug for the management of severe and resistant cases of AA/totalis/universalis...
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Ana Elisa Kiszewski, Mariele Bevilaqua, Luciana Boff De De Abreu
Background: Alopecia areata (AA) is a T-lymphocyte-mediated disease that results in alopecia plaques or diffuses alopecia on the scalp and body. Etiologic factors include genetic and autoimmune susceptibility. Treatment modalities are usually considered according to the extent of hair loss and the patient's age. Since there is no approved treatment by the US Food and Drug Administration, treatment options and combinations available are off-label. Patients with extensive AA (including totalis and universalis) have a low rate of spontaneous remission and poor treatment response...
May 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Sanjiv Vijay Choudhary, Prithviraj Pinaki Tarafdar, Sugat Jawade, Adarshlata Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Vibhu Mediratta, Shiwangi Rana, Anuja Rao, Ram Chander
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Violeta Duarte Tortelly Costa, Daniel Fernandes Melo, Andrea Mizuno Matsunaga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Neerja Saraswat, Ajay Chopra, Debdeep Mitra, Krishna Talukdar
Cutaneous adverse effects of chemotherapy are widely known but underreported. A significant advancement is made in the field of oncology with the advent of new classes of drug being added to the existing classes at a fast pace. Most of these cutaneous adverse effects are self-limiting and subsides on suspending the drug either temporarily or permanently. Some of these effects are merely overlooked by the patients and the treating physician hence goes un-noticed. Nilotinib is a newer second-generation tyrosine-kinase inhibitor approved for the management of chronic myeloid leukemia...
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Thomas Gregor Issac, Ashay Vivek Telang, Sadanandavalli Retnaswami Chandra
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is the most common form of dementia in the younger age group and often exists with comorbid obsessions and compulsions in up to 80% of the patients. Trichotillomania or compulsive "hair-pulling" disorder is a rare manifestation of FTD and is a poorly evaluated symptom in this condition. The release of "grooming functions" due to frontal disinhibition is often attributed to the evolutionary perspective; however, recent findings also implicate the role of neurotransmitter dysfunction...
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Hudson Dutra Rezende, Maria Fernanda Reis Gavazzoni Dias, Ralph Michel Trüeb
A case of cutaneous graft versus host disease (GvHD) presenting as fibrosing alopecia in a pattern distribution (FAPD) is discussed, possibly providing a mechanistic model for a better understanding of the pathogenic events underlying cicatricial pattern hair loss. The implication of a follicular inflammation and fibrosis associated with patterned hair loss has emerged from several independent studies. Eventually, Zinkernagel and Trüeb reported a peculiar type of cicatricial pattern hair loss with histopathological features consistent with lichen planopilaris (LPP) associated with androgenetic alopecia (AGA)...
March 2018: International Journal of Trichology
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