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International Journal of Trichology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442883/a-comment-on-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-axel-munthe-s-syndrome
#1
Ralph M Trüeb
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) represents a peculiar condition with a quasi-symmetrical, marginal alopecia along the frontal and temporal hairline with scarring. Steven Kossard is credited with the original description of the condition in 1994. Since its first description, FFA has become increasingly common while its etiology has remained obscure. While FFA has been related to lichen planopilaris, in fact, the pattern of clinical disease presentation might be more specific for the condition than the underlying inflammatory autoimmune reaction...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442882/comparative-analysis-of-immunopathological-features-of-lichen-planopilaris-and-female-patients-with-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia
#2
Emanuella Rd Cerqueira, Neusa Valente, Mírian Nacagami Sotto, Ricardo Romiti
BACKGROUND: Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA) is a disorder characterized by progressive cicatricial alopecia (CA). Its classification as a clinical variant of lichen planopilaris (LPP) or as a unique disorder is controversial. The presence of Langerhans cells within the bulge area and the sebaceous epithelium and the presence of lymphocytic infiltrate in this area in CA have led to a series of hypotheses, although limited, about their development. To our knowledge, scarce is the literature demonstrating immunoanalytical studies comparing both disorders...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442881/cutaneous-hybrid-tumor-composed-of-epidermal-cyst-and-cystic-pilomatricoma-unusual-presentation-in-a-child
#3
Konstantinos Lamprou, Christos Plataras, Maria Chorti, Efstratios Christianakis
We report a rare case of cutaneous hybrid tumor composed of epidermal cyst and cystic pilomatricoma that presented in an unusual way in a child. A 14-year-old teen girl presented with a skin lesion on the inner side of the left arm, approximately at the level of the elbow. The lesion was initially observed 5 months before and was continuously increasing in size during that time resembling other benign or malignant cutaneous tumors.
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442880/trichoscopic-patterns-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-case-report
#4
Balachandra S Ankad, Mahajabeen Madarkar, Gourishetty Saipriya, Punit S Sakhare, Vijay D Dombale
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the second most cutaneous malignancy after basal cell carcinoma (BCC) with increasing incidence. In the view its nodular manifestation; it can appear similar to nodular BCC, atypical fibroxanthoma, sclerosing liposarcoma and desmoplastic melanoma. Prognostic and therapeutic implications are different in all these conditions and thus their distinction becomes important. Trichoscopy is a simple and non-invasive technique to visualize certain morphological features of skin lesions and it improves the diagnostic accuracy for melanocytic and nonmelanocytic pigmented lesions...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442879/methotrexate-in-alopecia-areata-a-report-of-three-cases
#5
Ana Batalla, Ángeles Flórez, Teresa Abalde, Hugo Vázquez-Veiga
There are few studies about systemic treatment in severe cases of alopecia areata (AA), especially in the pediatric population. Although there is more experience with systemic corticosteroids, recent reports have suggested methotrexate (MTX) as an alternative treatment, with a relatively good outcome. We describe three cases of AA in children treated with MTX, two of them with successful results.
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442878/loose-anchoring-of-anagen-hairs-and-pili-torti-due-to-erlotinib
#6
Rodrigo Pirmez, Juan Piñeiro-Maceira, Carmen Gloria Gonzalez, Mariya Miteva
Erlotinib is a selective epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor utilized in the treatment of solid tumors. Cutaneous side effects, including changes in hair texture and alopecia, have been described. In this case report, we describe two patients with a new finding of loose anagen hairs and pili torti leading to nonscarring marginal and diffuse alopecia and discuss potential mechanisms underlying erlotinib-induced hair changes.
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442877/aplasia-cutis-congenita-trichoscopy-findings
#7
Ana Maria Costa Pinheiro, Eduardo Botelho Silva Mauad, Luís Fernando Amarante Fernandes, Raffaela Bruno Drumond
Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a rare disorder characterized by localized absence of skin that most commonly affects the scalp. We present a case of ACC in a 45-day-old girl and the dermoscopic findings. Dermoscopy has shown to be an easy, fast and useful method for the diagnosis of this condition.
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442876/idiosyncratic-findings-in-trichoscopy-of-tinea-capitis-comma-zigzag-hairs-corkscrew-and-morse-code-like-hair
#8
Ebtisam Elghblawi
Dermoscopy is a method of growing significance in the diagnoses of dermatological pigmented skin diseases. However, in my case, mycology culture was negative and successful treatment was given on the basis of trichoscopy and wood lamp examination. I hereby describe a young boy with tinea capitis, multiple "comma hairs" and "zigzag hair" and a subtle additional feature "Morse code-like hair" when intensification was applied. Dermatoscopic aspects found skin Type 2 in a child of as a distinctive dermoscopic finding...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442875/extreme-phenotype-of-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-inhibitor-induced-destructive-folliculitis
#9
Florian Anzengruber, Barbara Meier, Julia-Tatjana Maul, Katrin Kerl, Lars E French, Alexander A Navarini
Due to the increasingly widespread use and side effect profile of epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors (EGFRIs), cutaneous side effects of these drugs are frequently encountered. The EGFR is expressed on keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Inhibition of EGFR can produce a range of cutaneous adverse effects, the most frequent being a characteristic acneiform skin eruption. As the latter is associated with good anti-neoplastic responses, the onset of EGFRI-induced acneiform skin eruption is typically viewed as a positive sign by patients and physicians...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442874/graham-little-piccardi-syndrome-a-lens-through-beyond-what-is-known
#10
Abhijit Saha, Joly Seth, Anupam Das, Sandipan Dhar
Graham-Little-Piccardi syndrome (GLPS) is a rare form of follicular lichen planus and comprises cicatricial alopecia of the scalp, noncicatricial alopecia of the axillae, and/or pubis and spinous follicular papules involving the trunk and extremities. We herein report a classic case of GLPS in a 49-year-old female. Uniqueness of our case is due to its additional features of frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA). Although overlap between GLPS and FFA has been mentioned in literature, such numbers are scanty. Therapeutic response with oral steroid and retinoid is also far better in contrast to what is described in the existing literature...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442873/anagen-effluvium-following-acute-colchicine-poisoning
#11
Andrea Combalia, Carola Baliu-Piqué, Adriana Fortea, Juan Ferrando
We present a case of a 17-year-old girl admitted to the Psychiatric Department recovering from a suicide attempt with colchicine. One week after poisoning, a sudden onset of hair loss was observed. Positive hair pull test and trichoscopy demonstrated the presence of anagen hairs with pigmented long roots covered by the root sheaths. Colchicine poisoning is an uncommon, but potentially life-threatening toxicologic emergency. An overdose of colchicine inhibits cell division, and thus the most affected organs are those which have a high rate of cell turnover...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442872/olmsted-syndrome-in-a-family
#12
Rajyalaxmi Konathan, Sainath Kumar Alur
Olmsted syndrome (OS) is a rare disorder characterized by the combination of periorificial, keratotic plaques, and bilateral palmoplantar keratoderma. Synonyms are mutilating palmoplantar keratoderma with periorificial keratotic plaques (ORPHA659, MIM #614594 and #300918). A number sign (#) is used with this entry because of evidence that mutilating palmoplantar keratoderma with periorificial keratotic plaques (OS) is caused by heterozygous mutation in the TRPV3 gene on chromosome 17p13.2. We report three cases of OS, two females and one male in the same family, who presented with palmoplantar keratoderma, sparse scalp hair, cheilitis, and periorificial fissures...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442871/epithelioma-adenoides-cysticum-a-report-of-two-cases-in-a-family
#13
Najeeba Riyaz, Bindurani Sudhamani, Arakkal Riyaz
Epithelioma adenoides cysticum or multiple trichoepitheliomas are rare benign hamartomas arising from the hair germ. A 35-year-old female presented with multiple skin-colored firm papules and nodules mainly affecting the central face, scalp, and external ear canal since the age of 9 years. The lesions gradually increased with age. Her 13-year-old son also had similar but smaller lesions on the central face. Histopathology was consistent with trichoepithelioma.
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442870/serum-vitamin-d3-levels-and-diffuse-hair-fall-among-the-student-population-in-south-india-a-case-control-study
#14
Kashinath Nayak, Aaina Garg, Prasanna Mithra, Poornima Manjrekar
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Hair fall is a common problem faced by many younger people, which has variety of risk factors. Vitamin D3 has emerged as a molecule with key role to play in various disorders. This study was done to assess its role in diffuse hair fall among student population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study including young adults presenting with complaints of hair fall (>100 a day) as cases, with age-matched healthy controls. Vitamin D3 levels were measured in all the patients...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442869/effect-of-oil-application-age-diet-and-pigmentation-on-the-tensile-strength-and-breaking-point-of-hair
#15
S Kavitha, Karthika Natarajan, G Thilagavathi, C R Srinivas
BACKGROUND: Hair strength depends on various factors such as nutrition, environmental factors, sunlight, oiling, aging, conditioner, etc. AIM: To compare the tensile strength and breaking point of the hair shaft between (1) vegetarian and nonvegetarian. (2) Those who regularly apply and those who do not apply oil. (3) Pigmented and nonpigmented hair, (4) childhood and elderly. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hair fibers were mounted in tensile strength testing machine Zwick/Roell Z010 and gradual force was administered...
October 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625571/essential-trichomegaly-of-the-eyelashes
#16
Pablo Fernández-Crehuet, Ricardo Ruiz-Villaverde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625570/a-14-year-old-boy-with-an-irregularly-bordered-erythematous-alopecic-patch-of-the-scalp
#17
Matilde Iorizzo, Cosimo Misciali, Sandra Lorenzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625569/a-solitary-facial-nodule-with-an-uncharacteristic-histopathology
#18
Aditya Kumar Bubna, Maharaja Krishnamoorthy, Barathi Gunabooshanam
Collision or contiguous tumors refer to the combined existence of two or more tumors in a single lesion. In the skin, these growths could closely mimic other cutaneous tumors, thus making diagnosis difficult. We hereby report a dual tumor, comprising pilomatricoma, and eccrine syringofibroadenoma, which to the best of our knowledge have not been previously reported in medical literature.
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625568/linear-alopecia-areata
#19
Shricharith Shetty, Raghavendra Rao, R Ranjini Kudva, Kumudhini Subramanian
Alopecia areata (AA) over scalp is known to present in various shapes and extents of hair loss. Typically it presents as circumscribed patches of alopecia with underlying skin remaining normal. We describe a rare variant of AA presenting in linear band-like form. Only four cases of linear alopecia have been reported in medical literature till today, all four being diagnosed as lupus erythematosus profundus.
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625567/mayer-rokitansky-k%C3%A3-ster-hauser-syndrome-with-alopecia-a-rare-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#20
Sanjiv V Choudhary, Uday V Choudhari
A 17-year-old girl presented with alopecia involving lateral margins of the scalp with primary amenorrhea. There was no history of parental consanguinity, and no other siblings were having similar complaints. Her secondary sexual characters were well developed with hypoplastic vagina. Histopathological findings from scalp biopsy showed features of alopecia areata. Ultrasonography of abdomen and pelvis revealed the absence of uterus and the right kidney. Follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone, estradiol, testosterone, and thyroid function test was within normal limits...
July 2016: International Journal of Trichology
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