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International Journal of Trichology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440863/adverse-effects-with-finasteride-5-mg-day-for-patterned-hair-loss-in-premenopausal-women
#1
Rui Oliveira-Soares, Marisa C André, Miguel Peres-Correia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440862/a-rare-association-of-pili-multigemini-and-rolled-hairs-in-a-young-female-title-requires-a-change
#2
Pragya Ashok Nair, Trusha Manoj Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440861/eyelashes-trichomegaly-an-unusual-side-effect-of-gefitinib-therapy
#3
Chaturbhuj R Agrawal, Pankaj Goyal, Dinesh Chandra Doval, Kumardeep Dutta, Kshitij Domadia, Silky Kothiwal
Evolution of targeted therapy has changed the spectrum of treatment in oncology since the past two decades as lots of newer agents are being added to the pharmacologic armamentarium of cancer therapy. Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors form one such advancing field with many newer agents being investigated and they are used in wide variety of malignancies such as head and neck cancer, lung cancer, and even gastrointestinal malignancies such as pancreatic cancer. Various troublesome side effects of these agents include diarrhea, severe fatigability, severe skin rashes, and deranged liver function tests which may require treatment interruption or dose reduction resulting in decreased response to treatment...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440860/three-cases-of-radiation-induced-temporary-alopecia-with-hair-microscopic-examination-coudability-hair-might-not-be-specific-for-alopecia-areata
#4
Jung Eun Seol, Do Hyeong Kim, So Hee Park, Gyeong Je Cho, Hyojin Kim
Endovascular interventional procedures are widely used for the treatment of intracranial vascular lesions. However, they sometimes produce reversible alopecia, known as radiation-induced temporary alopecia, depending on the radiation dose. Radiation-induced temporary alopecia manifested as rectangular alopecic patches without signs of inflammation, reflects damage to the keratinocytes in the hair matrix of anagen hair follicles, due to the sensitivity of these cells to radiation. The characteristics of radiation-induced temporary alopecia are similar to those of alopecia areata as follows: (1) clinical findings of well-defined alopecic patches and (2) dermoscopic findings of yellow dots, black dots, and short vellus hairs...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440859/nevus-comedonicus-on-scalp-an-unusual-presentation
#5
Priyadarshini Sahu, Kamal Aggrawal, Chetna Bansal, V K Jain
Nevus comedonicus (NC) is a rare developmental anomaly of follicular infundibulum plugged with keratinous material that resembles comedo-like lesions. Frequently affected sites are face, neck, trunk, and upper arm. Few cases have been described on palms, soles, scalp, and genitalia. We hereby report a rare case of NC on scalp in a 14-year-old boy.
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440858/annular-alopecia-areata-a-morphologically-rare-variant
#6
Shimona Garg, Anand Kumar, Mala Bhalla, Kavita Poonia
Alopecia areata (AA) is the most common form of nonscarring alopecia involving the scalp and/or body. The most common pattern of hair loss is oval or round, but newer morphological variants are increasingly being described. We hereby report two cases of annular pattern of AA due to its unusual morphology.
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440857/eruptive-vellus-hair-cyst-an-uncommon-and-underdiagnosed-entity
#7
Priyanka Anand, Namrata Sarin, Rachita Misri, V K Khurana
Eruptive vellus hair cyst (EVHC) is a rare follicular developmental abnormality of the vellus hair follicles. They are usually seen in children, adolescents, or young adults and manifest as reddish-brown smooth papules most commonly involving the chest, limbs, and abdomen. An 18-year-old male presented with asymptomatic papules on the trunk and flexor aspect of both forearms for the past 2 years. There was no family history of similar lesions. His medical history was also not contributory. A clinical diagnosis of steatocystoma multiplex and chronic folliculitis was given, and a punch biopsy from the papule was performed and sent for histopathological examination...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440856/development-of-frontal-fibrosing-alopecia-with-a-history-of-alopecia-areata
#8
Jessica Lin, Joseph Zikry, Natasha Atanaskova-Mesinkovska
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA), a scarring type of alopecia, developed in two patients with a history of alopecia areata (AA). Both patients had biopsies to confirm this interesting series of pathology. Etiology and pathogenesis of this AA-to-FFA sequence will be discussed.
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440855/circle-hairs-involving-the-extremities-in-a-young-girl
#9
Pragya Ashok Nair, Trusha Patel, Radhika Navadiya
Circle hairs (CHs) represent a body hair growth disorder which is characterized by asymptomatic presence of hairs in typical circular or spiraliform arrangement. It is not associated with follicular or inflammatory abnormalities. CHs are rarely reported, probably underestimated, as medical consultation for CH only is rare in practice. It needs to be differentiated from rolled hairs, which is a relatively common disorder of hair growth associated with follicular hyperkeratosis and keratin plugging. Trichoscopy is a noninvasive technique to confirm the diagnosis without biopsy...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440854/whorled-scarring-alopecia-the-only-adult-marker-of-incontinentia-pigmenti
#10
Urvi Popli, Paul Devakar Yesudian
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a rare X-linked dominant disease that affects the ectodermal tissues. It is associated with a whorled pattern of scarring alopecia, which is possibly underreported. This scarring alopecia could be used as a marker to identify adult women affected with IP as older patients may have minimal cutaneous manifestations. We report an unusual case of an 8-year-old girl who had recurrent inflammatory stage IP and later developed whorled scarring alopecia in the vertex of the scalp.
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440853/efficacy-of-800-nm-diode-laser-to-treat-trichostasis-spinulosa-in-asian-patients
#11
Dhananjay K Chavan, Dhanraj D Chavan, Balkrishna P Nikam, Mohan S Kale, Varsha P Jamale, Shruti D Chavan
Context: Trichostasis spinulosa (TS) is a common but underdiagnosed follicular disorder involving retention of successive telogen hair in the hair follicle. Laser hair removal is a newer treatment modality for TS with promising results. Aims: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of 800 nm diode laser to treat TS in Asian patients. Subjects and Methods: We treated 50 Indian subjects (Fitzpatrick skin phototype IV-V) with untreated trichostasis spinulosa on the nose with 800 nm diode laser at fluence ranging from 22 to 30 J/cm 2 and pulse width of 30 ms...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440852/rare-variant-of-ankyloblepharon-ectodermal-defect-cleft-lip-cleft-palate-syndrome-curly-hair-ankyloblepharon-nail-disease-syndrome
#12
Ajay Chopra, Debdeep Mitra, Renu Kandpal, Reetu Agarwal
Ankyloblepharon-ectodermal defect-cleft lip/cleft palate (AEC) syndrome is one of the variants of ectodermal dysplasia. It is an autosomal dominant disorder comprising of ankyloblepharon, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft palate or cleft lip. In 1976, it wasfirst described by Hay and Wells, therefore also known as Hay-Wells syndrome. The characteristic feature of this syndrome is "ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum", which refers to the partial thickness fusion of the eyelid margins. The "curly hair-ankyloblepharon-nail disease (CHAND) syndrome" is a clinical variant of AEC syndrome...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440851/evaluation-of-alopecia-a-new-processing-technique-combining-vertical-and-transverse-sections-from-a-single-scalp-biopsy-specimen
#13
Umamaheswari Gurusamy, Chaitra Venkataswamy, Ammu Sivaraman
Background: Histopathological study of alopecia generally requires both vertical and transverse sections (VS and TS) and this may demand the need for multiple scalp biopsy samples. Here, we suggest a new processing technique which provides both VS and TS from a single biopsy, thus making the interpretation easier. Materials and Methods: All formalin-fixed scalp biopsy specimens were processed routinely. Nine VS were taken and mounted on 3 glass slides. The block was then melted and the tissue reembedded with the subcutaneous tissue facing downward and the epidermal aspect toward the technician to obtain TSs...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440850/a-meta-analysis-on-evidence-of-platelet-rich-plasma-for-androgenetic-alopecia
#14
Salvatore Giordano, Marco Romeo, Pietro di Summa, Andre' Salval, Petteri Lankinen
Background: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment has gained popularity among different surgical specialities for improving various conditions. Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is a common disorder, with possible psychosocial implications. Plastic surgeons have increased the practice of PRP injections for hair restoration. A meta-analysis on this topic was performed comparing local injection of PRP versus control to investigate the efficacy of local PRP injections in AGA. Methods: We performed a systematic literature search...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118527/unusual-pattern-of-whitening-of-eyebrows-following-sunitinib-therapy-a-case-report-with-brief-review-of-literature
#15
Chaturbhuj R Agrawal, Vineet Talwar, Venkata Pradeep Babu, Parveen Jain, Pankaj Goyal
Sunitinib is a vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor which has shown high activity in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) patients and is now widely used for the same. It is generally well tolerated, but sometimes, it exhibits a distinct pattern of novel side effects that require monitoring and management. Important known side effect of sunitinib includes fatigue, diarrhea, anorexia, skin toxicity, and hypertension which need special mention. Considering its effectiveness in first-line setting in mRCC and paucity of other good options, utmost efforts are made to continue it with identification of side effects which may require only slight dose modification or no dose alteration...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118526/panfolliculoma-a-clinical-case-report
#16
Roberto Estrada-Castañón, María Elisa Vega-Memije, Juan Carlos Cuevas-González, María de Guadalupe Chávez-López
Panfolliculoma is a benign neoplasm of follicular differentiation, and its morphological characteristics are similar to those of trichoblastoma, but it shows greater follicular differentiation. A 55-year-old female patient, visited for a dermatological consultation, presented comedo-like lesions on the eyelids, which were accompanied by moderate pruritus that spread gradually. On examination, the patient had localized dermatosis on the face, which symmetrically affected both upper eyelids and to a lesser extent the lower eyelids...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118525/cytodiagnosis-of-eccrine-porocarcinoma-of-the-scalp
#17
Subrata Pal, Jyoti Prakash Phukan, Kingshuk Bose, Abhijit Saha
Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare, malignant adnexal tumor of the duct of eccrine sweat gland. Cytology of eccrine porocarcinoma has been described in very few previous literature. Here, we present a case of fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of eccrine porocarcinoma of the scalp, which is subsequently confirmed by histology. Accurate diagnosis of eccrine porocarcinoma by FNAC is very difficult, but determining the malignant nature of the lesion is crucial for curative surgery. FNAC can be a convenient, safe, and effective approach to solve difficult diagnostic dilemma...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118524/collision-tumor-between-trichofolliculoma-and-melanocytic-nevus
#18
Christel Bolte, Roberto Cullen, Ivo Sazunic
Trichofolliculoma (TF) is a hamartomatous hair follicle-related tumor, clinically described as a dome-shaped papule with a central pore crossed by one or more silky white hairs. Histologically, it described as a cystic cavity containing keratinous debris, hair shaft fragments, and numerous hair follicles arising from its linings. Collision or compound tumors are a coexistence of two or more identifiable tumors in the same lesion. We present a case of a 47-year-old man with a lesion on his left cheek clinically characterized as a TF...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118523/three-cases-of-hair-loss-analyzed-by-the-point-of-view-of-the-analytical-psychology
#19
Ademir Carvalho Leite Júnior, Tatiele Katzer, Denise Gimenez Ramos
Psychotrichology is the science, which covers the psychosomatics applied to hair problems, i.e., body-psyche phenomena involving scalp and hair disorders. The approaches involving psychotricology are varied and may include psychiatric,[1] psychoanalytical,[23] and those involving knowledge related to analytical psychology.[4] An analysis from the analytical psychology point of view, a theory developed by the physician Carl Gustav Jung, favors a symbolic view to the disease, providing it attributions and meanings that go beyond those related to physical body signs and symptoms only...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118522/association-of-leukotrichia-in-vitiligo-and-asp148glu-polymorphism-of-apurinic-apyrimidinic-endonuclease-1
#20
A Fatih Aydin, İkbal Esen Aydıngöz, Semra Doğru-Abbasoğlu, Pervin Vural, Müjdat Uysal
Background: Oxidative stress and increased DNA damage have been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of vitiligo. Oxidative DNA damage is mainly repaired by the base excision repair (BER) pathway. Aim: We sought to determine whether polymorphisms in DNA repair genes may have a role in the pathogenesis of vitiligo. Materials and Methods: We conducted a study including 100 patients with vitiligo and age- and sex-matched 193 control subjects to examine the role of single-nucleotide polymorphisms of BER genes, human 8-oxoG DNA N-glycosylase 1 (codon 326), apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1) (codon 148), and X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (codon 399) as risk factors for vitiligo...
October 2017: International Journal of Trichology
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