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Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380964/patient-and-observer-reported-long-term-scar-quality-of-wide-local-excision-scars-in-melanoma-patients
#1
Marie B Weitemeyer, Pernille Bramsen, Tobias W Klausen, Lisbet R Hölmich, Caroline A Gjorup
Wide local excision of the primary tumour is the mainstay of treatment for melanoma patients. The aims of this study were to assess the patient- and observer-reported long-term scar quality after surgery using the patient and observer scar assessment scale (POSAS) in melanoma patients, to assess the reliability and validity of POSAS, and to identify factors influencing the scar assessment. This cross-sectional clinical study included 320 melanoma patients with primary tumours on the trunk and limbs. Data regarding patients, treatment, scar characteristics and functional outcomes was analysed...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380962/sensory-neurotization-of-muscle-past-present-and-future-considerations
#2
Steven D Kozusko, Alexander J Kaminsky, Louisa C Boyd, Petros Konofaos
Research has shown that temporary innervation by a sensory neuron can provide trophic support to a denervated muscle and stave off muscular atrophy until motor neuron transfer is viable. This so called 'sensory protection' allows for improved outcomes when motor reinnervation able to occur. The theoretical benefit of sensory neurotization is hypothesized to maintain tissue architecture of the end organ due to tropic effects of stimulation. While the literature supports direct motor neurotization from 2 to 4 months post-injury, patient factors including the location of the injury and loss of nerve can preclude this therapeutic window...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30380956/oblique-intradermal-suture-as-a-faster-choice-for-intradermal-closure-a-randomized-equivalence-trial
#3
Apinut Wongkietkachorn, Nuttapone Wongkietkachorn, Peera Rhunsiri
Performing interrupted intradermal suture during bi-layered skin closure is time consuming. The oblique intradermal suture is hypothesized to be a faster choice for intradermal closure while yielding similar wound cosmetic outcomes. This study aims to demonstrate the equivalence of wound outcomes between the interrupted oblique intradermal suture (OIS) and conventional interrupted intradermal suture (IS) methods. This prospective, multicenter, double-blind randomized equivalence trial included patients scheduled to undergo elective surgery with a linear incision wound...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30371138/subdermal-nitrous-oxide-delivery-increases-skin-microcirculation-and-random-flap-survival-in-rats
#4
M Serin, D Altinel, C Leblebici, B Biltekin, O Huseyinbas, S Kurt Yazar, F Irmak, A Sonmez, M Bayramicli
Random skin flaps are essential tools in reconstructive surgery. In this study, we investigated the effect of subdermal nitrous oxide (N2 O) application on random flap survival. In this experimental study, we used 21 female rats in three groups. In the N2 O and air groups, gases were administrated under the proposed dorsal flap areas daily for seven days. Following the treatment period, flaps were raised and inserted back into their place from the dorsal skin. In the control group, the flaps were elevated and inserted back to their place without any pretreatment...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289017/anti-vasospastic-effects-of-botulinum-toxin-b-pretreatment-in-animal-models
#5
Jeongmin Yoon, Eul-Sik Yoon, Byung-Il Lee, Seung-Ha Park, Jin Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin has been recently known for its vasodilatory effect. The main purpose of our study was to demonstrate the anti-vasospastic effect of botulinum toxin B in animal models. METHOD: In this prospective experimental rat study, we used 10 male Sprague-Dawley rats. The right and left inguinal areas (femoral vessels) served as the experimental and control groups, respectively. Three days prior to the experimental procedure, botulinum toxin B and normal saline were subcutaneously injected in the experimental and control groups, respectively...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30289015/cold-hypersensitivity-after-hand-injuries-a-prospective-7-year-follow-up
#6
T Vaksvik, M Røkkum, I Holm
We studied changes in cold hypersensitivity from 3 to 7 years following severe hand injuries. Data was collected using postal questionnaires 7 years after injury in 71 patients who had participated in a 3-year follow-up from the time of injury. There was no change in cold sensitivity measured using the McCabe Cold Sensitivity Severity scale (CSS) from 3 to 7 years after injury. However, there was a trend toward decreased severity measured using a five-level scale of self-reported cold hypersensitivity. Compared to the 3-year follow-up, fewer respondents rated their condition as severe and two patients had recovered from their cold hypersensitivity at the 7-year follow-up...
October 5, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286673/histological-study-of-costal-cartilage-after-transplantation-and-reasons-for-avoidance-of-postoperative-resorption-and-retention-of-cartilage-structure-in-rats
#7
Yukiko Rikimaru-Nishi, Hideaki Rikimaru, Shinichiro Hashiguchi, Tomonoshin Kanazawa, Keisuke Ohta, Kei-Ichiro Nakamura, Kensuke Kiyokawa
BACKGROUND: Limited information is available on the biological status of transplanted cartilage from which the perichondrium has been removed. This article describes the histological and three-dimensional structural picture of cartilage, using green fluorescent protein (GFP) transgenic rats and normal wild rats. METHODS: Three sections of costal cartilage were harvested from 10-week-old wild rats. One section was used as a specimen while two were subcutaneously collected from the dorsal region of 10-week-old GFP rats at 4 and 8 weeks post-transplant...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30286670/pharmacological-thrombolysis-the-last-choice-for-salvaging-free-flaps
#8
Sik Namgoong, Jong-Phil Yang, Seong Ho Jeong, Seung Kyu Han, Woo Kyung Kim, Eun Sang Dhong
Microvascular free flap transfer has become a prevailing surgery with a failure rate of <5%. However, pedicle thrombosis occurs more frequently than indicated by the failure rate. This difference is due to the successful salvage of failing flaps. During exploration, thrombi are often encountered at anastomotic sites, whereas these causes could not explain vascular compromise in other patients. Thus, we hypothesized that thrombogenic processes might occur at remote sites, specifically within microvessels of the transferred flap...
October 4, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178702/the-lateral-arm-flap-for-reconstruction-of-tissue-defects-due-to-olecranon-bursitis
#9
Paul I Heidekrueger, Camillo Mueller, Aung Thiha, Denis Ehrl, Fabian Weinschenk, Frank Herter, Milomir Ninkovic, Lukas Prantl
Wound healing problems following acute and chronic olecranon bursitis can result in problematic tissue defects around the elbow. These defects often require a regional flap or a free flap for durable tissue coverage. The aim of this study was to assess clinical outcome the lateral arm flap (LAF) used to cover tissue defects caused by chronic olecranon bursitis. Between 2011 and 2015, 13 patients with soft tissue defects of the elbow resulting from chronic bursitis olecrani were treated in an interdisciplinary approach...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178700/factors-that-predict-deep-inferior-epigastric-perforator-flap-donor-site-hernia-and-bulge
#10
Daniel P Butler, Agata M Plonczak, Dimitris Reissis, Francis P Henry, Judith E Hunter, Simon H Wood, Navid Jallali
Deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flap has become the gold standard in autologous breast reconstruction. Attention is now being focused on the impact of DIEP flap harvest technique on abdominal hernia rates. The aim of this study was to evaluate DIEP abdominal wall morbidity in relation to flap harvest and fascial closure technique. A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing DIEP flap breast reconstruction between 2012 and 2016 was performed. Post-operative evaluation of the abdominal wall integrity was performed by an operating consultant...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178692/danish-translation-and-linguistic-validation-of-the-body-q-chest-module
#11
Mike Mikkelsen Lorenzen, Lotte Poulsen, Jørn Bo Thomsen, Diana Lydia Dyrberg, Anne Klassen, Jens Ahm Sørensen
The aim of this study was to translate and linguistically validate the patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument body-q chest module, designed to measure outcomes following chest contouring surgery. The BODY-Q Chest Module includes two scales that measure appearance of chest and nipples. The translation and validation were performed according to the guidelines from the world health organization (who) and the international society for pharmacoeconomics and outcomes research (ISPOR). This approach involved two independent forward translations, a backwards translation, an expert panel meeting and cognitive debriefing interviews with patients...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178690/antithrombotic-treatment-and-risk-of-complications-after-head-and-neck-full-thickness-skin-graft-surgery
#12
Martin Hasselgren, Thomas Runer, Peter Janson, Magnus Ekström
Head and neck skin cancer surgery using a full thickness skin graft is a common procedure. Evidence concerning the effects of perioperative antithrombotic treatment on complications is limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether perioperative antithrombotic treatment is associated with risk of necrosis, bleeding or infection after full thickness skin graft surgery. Retrospective single-center cohort study with medical records review. Patients operated with a head and neck full thickness skin graft in 2010 and 2013-2015 had available data and were included...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874964/tigr-%C3%A2-matrix-surgical-mesh-a-two-year-follow-up-study-and-complication-analysis-in-65-immediate-breast-reconstructions
#13
Håkan Hallberg, Richard Lewin, Anna Elander, Emma Hansson
In recent years, it has become increasingly popular to use matrices, such as acellular dermal matrices, in implant-based breast reconstruction. To lower the cost and to avoid implanting biological material, the use of synthetic meshes has been proposed. This is the first study examining TIGR® Mesh in a larger series of immediate breast reconstruction. The aims of the study were to examine complications and predictors for complications. All consecutive patients operated on with breast reconstruction with TIGR® Matrix Surgical Mesh and tissue expanders (TEs) or permanent implant between March 2015 and September 2016 in our department were prospectively included...
August 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29806795/long-term-outcomes-of-bilateral-direct-to-implant-breast-reconstruction-in-women-at-high-breast-cancer-risk
#14
Victorien M T van Verschuer, Marc A M Mureau, Bernadette A M Heemskerk-Gerritsen, Pravesh S Gadjradj, Cleo Rogier, Cornelis Verhoef, Jessica P Gopie, Caroline Seynaeve, Linetta B Koppert
INTRODUCTION: Challenges of direct-to-implant breast reconstruction (BR) are to achieve sufficient implant coverage and lower pole projection. We assessed reoperation rates, long-term patient satisfaction and aesthetic outcome after direct-to-implant BR without acellular dermal matrix (ADM) in women with high breast cancer risk. METHODS: Women who underwent bilateral skin or nipple-sparing mastectomy and immediate direct-to-implant BR between 1994 and 2006 completed a survey on reoperations and the Breast-Q Reconstruction questionnaire...
August 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741462/complications-risk-factors-and-patients-reported-outcomes-after-skin-sparing-mastectomy-followed-by-breast-reconstruction-in-women-with-brca-mutations
#15
Ingvild O Moberg, Inger Schou Bredal, Michael R Schneider, Kim A Tønseth, Ellen Schlichting
BACKGROUND: Women with a BRCA mutation have the option of undergoing prophylactic mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction; however, the potential negative effects of reconstruction on women's physical and psychological well-being are unclear. This study aimed to investigate complications, patient-reported pain, health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) and satisfaction following reconstructive surgery at Oslo University Hospital between 2006 and 2013. METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively from the records of 238 patients...
August 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741424/morphological-patterns-of-the-pretendinous-cord-in-dupuytren-s-disease-a-predictor-of-clinical-outcome
#16
P Vanek, J Strömberg, J Fridén, Y Aurell
The morphology of the pretendinous cord in Dupuytren's disease is poorly described in vivo and especially with respect to recurrence after treatment. This prospective study was designed to describe the morphology of Dupuytren's cords by ultrasound and to identify possible correlation between the ultrasonographic characteristics of these cords and the clinical outcomes two years after treatment. Thirty-nine patients with a contracture of at least 20° in the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint, who were scheduled for local treatment by either injectable collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) or percutaneous needle fasciotomy (PNF), were examined by ultrasound...
August 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656662/beneficial-effects-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-in-the-healing-of-burn-wounds-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#17
Fatih Irmak, Sevgi Kurt Yazar, Serhat Selami Şirvan, Merdan Serin, Ayşim Özağarı, Ayşin Karasoy Yeşilada
INTRODUCTION: Burn healing is a complicated process and very few treatments can positively alter its effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM -Danshen), a traditional Chinese medicine, on burn wound healing. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty rats were included in this study and divided into two groups. 3 × 2 cm wide burn areas were created in the dorsal skin of all the animals with thermal contact. Intraoral 1 ml/day saline and 1 g/kg/day SM were given in control and experiment groups, respectively...
August 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523044/a-murine-model-of-radiation-induced-capsule-tissue-reactions-around-smooth-silicone-implants
#18
Jae Bong Kim, Hyeon Jun Jeon, Jeong Woo Lee, Kang Young Choi, Ho Yun Chung, Byung Chae Cho, Shin-Hyung Park, Min Hee Park, Jae-Sung Bae, Jung Dug Yang
As the availability of breast reconstruction using implants is becoming widespread and many implant recipients undergo radiation therapy, there is an increasing interest in understanding the potential complications associated with capsule-tissue interactions in response to irradiation. Accordingly, our medical institution designed an animal experiment to investigate the effects of irradiation on capsular contracture. A total of 40 mice (C57BL6) were divided into four groups according to whether or not they received irradiation and the time from implantation to irradiation...
August 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519186/vaginal-reconstruction-with-the-modified-rectosigmoid-colon-surgical-technique-long-term-results-and-sexual-outcomes
#19
Ömer Özkan, Özlenen Özkan, Anı Çinpolat, Nasuh Utku Doğan, Gamze Bektaş, Kemal Dolay, Alihan Gürkan, Cumhur Arıcı, Selen Doğan
Although vaginal reconstructions with intestinal segments require particularly complex surgical procedures, this technique has become popular with respect to fairly good functional and esthetic outcomes. This study describes cases of vaginal reconstruction performed using a modified rectosigmoid colon held in an ischemic state in order to reduce secretion and denervated in order to prevent defecation problems. Vaginal reconstructions with rectosigmoid colon were performed on 43 patients. In this retrospective study, 34 patients had Müllerian agenesis, while nine had undergone male to female sex reassignment surgery in which adequate vaginal depth had not been achieved...
August 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504490/does-postauricular-fascial-flap-reduce-suture-complications-in-otoplasty
#20
Antonio Albacete Neto, Luís Fernando Ungarelli, Pedro Soler Coltro, Gabriela Lustri Schwartzmann, Grazielle Souza Horácio, Vinícius Zolezi Silva, Jayme Adriano Farina
Numerous suture techniques and covering flaps have been described to minimize complications related to sutures in otoplasty. The split postauricular fascial flap is one of such techniques, and it has been used to pad otoplasty suture. The aim of this study was to evaluate complications related to nonabsorbable cartilage sutures in otoplasty, using a variation of the split postauricular fascial flap. In this retrospective case series, we analyzed otoplasty patients in whom simplified split postauricular fascial flap was utilized...
August 2018: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
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