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Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486091/angiotensin-receptors-in-dupuytren-s-disease-a-target-for-pharmacological-treatment
#1
Christopher Stephen, Leila Touil, Partha Vaiude, Jaipaul Singh, Stuart McKirdy
BACKGROUND: Attempts at the pharmacological treatment of Dupuytren's disease have so far been unsuccessful, and the disease is not yet fully understood on a cellular level. The Renin-Angiotensin System has long been understood to play a circulating hormonal role. However, there is much evidence showing Angiotensin II to play a local role in wound healing and fibrosis, with ACE inhibitors being widely used as an anti-fibrotic agent in renal and cardiac disease. METHODS: This study was designed to investigate the presence of Angiotensin II receptors 1 (AT1) and 2 (AT2) in Dupuytren's tissue to form a basis for further study into the pharmacological treatment of this condition...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486090/self-citation-rate-and-impact-factor-in-the-field-of-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#2
Shimpei Miyamoto
BACKGROUND: Journal ranking based on the impact factor (IF) can be distorted by self-citation. The aim of this study is to investigate the present status of self-citation in the plastic surgery journals and its effect on the journals' IFs. METHODS: IF, IF without self-citations (corrected IF), self-cited rate, and self-citing rate for 11 plastic surgery journals were investigated from 2009-2015, by reviewing the Journal Citation Report(®). The correlations of the IF with the self-cited rate and the self-citing rate were statistically assessed...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486084/venous-component-in-scar-penetrating-neovascularisation
#3
Alper Tuncel, Merdan Serin, Mehmet Bayramicli
BACKGROUND: The impact of old scar tissue on the venous anatomy of a flap's pedicle is an important question in reconstructive surgery. This study tried to investigate the venous component in scar penetrating neovascularisation. METHODS: Fifty Sprague-Dawley rats were used in this experimental study. Two experimental groups were designed. In the first group, incisions were performed over the epigastric flap pedicles. In the second group, 1 cm wide segments were excised over the pedicles...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472593/cost-description-of-clinical-examination-and-mri-in-wrist-ligament-injuries
#4
Jonny K Andersson, Elisabeth Hansson-Olofsson, Jón Karlsson, Jan Fridén
OBJECTIVE: The total number and cost of wrist MRIs in the catchment area of the Västra Götaland Region in Sweden (population 1 723 000) during 1 year was analysed, together with the number and content of referrals. METHODS: Six radiology departments reported the numbers and rate of all MRI investigations intended to diagnose wrist ligament injuries (n = 411) and other injuries to the wrist. RESULTS: The additional cost of the difference between MRIs and a clinical examination by a hand surgeon, plus indirect costs for patients with suspected wrist ligament injuries, was calculated as 957 000 euros...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471290/is-the-transposition-of-the-nipple-areolar-complex-necessary-in-simon-grade-2b-gynecomastia-operations-using-suction-assisted-liposuction
#5
Burhan Özalp, Ömer Berköz, Mustafa Aydınol
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of suction-assisted liposuction (SAL) in Simon grade 2b gynecomastia and its effect on sternal notch to nipple areola (SNN) distance. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 21 patients with grade 2b gynecomastia who underwent SAL. Preoperative and postoperative SNN distances of the patients were measured, the results were analysed using a Mann-Whitney U test and a p-value <.05 was accepted as statistically significant...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460605/reoperations-and-postoperative-complications-after-osteosynthesis-of-phalangeal-fractures-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#6
Johanna von Kieseritzky, Jan Nordström, Marianne Arner
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to describe the reoperation rates and postoperative complications associated with different methods of osteosynthesis in all extra-articular, closed fractures of the proximal and middle phalanges operated on in the Department of Hand Surgery at Södersjukhuset beween 2010-2014, and to describe the associated patient demographics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included all the relevant operations, which comprised operations on 181 fractures in 159 patients (82 male, 77 female), median and mean age = 43 (range = 14-88 years)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460587/speech-outcomes-at-5-and-10-years-of-age-after-one-stage-palatal-repair-with-muscle-reconstruction-in-children-born-with-isolated-cleft-palate
#7
Jill Nyberg, Erik Neovius, Anette Lohmander
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate speech outcomes in children with clefts in the hard and/or soft palate only (CPH/CPS), in order to determine the prevalence of cleft speech characteristics, the change between 5 and 10 years of age, and the difference in occurrence between CPH and CPS. METHODS: A consecutive series of 88 children born with CPH or CPS were included in a retrospective cohort. All participants were treated with one-stage palatal repair using a minimal incision technique with muscle reconstruction (mean age 13 months)...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452244/efficacy-of-double-mirrored-omega-pattern-for-skin-sparing-mastectomy-to-reduce-ischemic-complications
#8
Fabio Santanelli di Pompeo, Michail Sorotos, Rosaria Laporta, Marco Pagnoni, Benedetto Longo
BACKGROUND: Excellent cosmetic results from skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) are often impaired by skin flaps' necrosis (SFN), from 8%-25% or worse in smokers. This study prospectively investigated the efficacy of Double-Mirrored Omega Pattern (DMOP-SSM) compared to Wise Pattern SSM (WP-SSM) for immediate reconstruction in moderate/large-breasted smokers. METHODS: From 2008-2010, DMOP-SSM was performed in 51 consecutive immediate breast reconstructions on 41 smokers (mean age = 49...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417703/central-pedicle-reduction-mammaplasty-with-a-vertical-scar-a-technical-modification
#9
Yeon Soo Kim, Kun Hwang, Joo Ho Kim, Tae Ho Kim, Hyung Mook Kim
BACKGROUND: This study introduces a central pedicle reduction mammaplasty with a vertical scar technique. OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed to create a more conical breast shape and long-lasting better projection by modifying reduction mammaplasty by central pedicle flap. METHOD: Preoperative markings were made including the meridian line of breast and the new location of the nipple-areola complex (NAC). The new location of the inframammary fold was marked ∼2 ∼ 4 cm above the original inframammary fold...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417701/survey-of-hand-surgeons-and-therapists-perceptions-of-the-benefit-of-common-surgical-procedures-of-the-hand
#10
Olli V Leppänen, Jarkko Jokihaara, Esa Jämsen, Teemu Karjalainen
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this survey were (1) to study if surgeons' perceptions of the benefit of six surgical procedures differ if they consider themselves as patients instead of treating a patient, (2) to evaluate the role of five predetermined factors that may influence decision-making, and (3) to assess how uniformly hand surgeons and hand therapists perceive the benefits of the surgical treatments. METHODS: The members of the national societies for Hand Surgery and Hand Therapy were asked to participate in the survey...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417654/assessment-of-burn-size-in-obese-adults-a-literature-review
#11
Kaveh Borhani-Khomani, Søren Partoft, Rikke Holmgaard
PURPOSE: Obesity causes changes in the total body surface area as well as the distribution of skin surfaces. In burn management, three methods are commonly used to determine the surface area burned: the patient's palm, the rule of nines, and the Lund-Browder chart. These methods rely on the distribution of skin surface, although none of these methods consider differences in body mass. This study investigates the relationship between body surfaces and body mass in the assessment of burn size to determine the validity of the conventional methods when applied to obese individuals...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417653/modified-dufourmentel-flap-with-superior-pedicle-a-useful-technique-for-sacrococcygeal-pilonidal-sinus
#12
Naohiro Ishii, Yusuke Shimizu, Tomito Oji, Kazuo Kishi
PURPOSE: In order to prevent postoperative infection and recurrence of sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus, the authors developed a modified Dufourmentel flap, involving the superior pedicles, and designed a descriptive prospective study to evaluate its efficiency. METHODS: Between July 2007 and March 2014, 16 patients with sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus were treated with an irregular quadrilateral excision and reconstruction by a modified Dufourmentel flap with superior pedicle...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384007/effect-of-chymase-activity-on-skin-thickness-in-the-clawn-miniature-pig-hypertrophic-scarring-model
#13
Shotaro Jimi, Hajime Matsumura
OBJECTIVE: The female red Duroc pig, a heavy and cumbersome animal, is routinely used as an animal model for hypertrophic scarring. Chymase, a chymotrypsin-like serine protease, plays an important role in skin fibrosis. This study aimed to create a lightweight pig hypertrophic scarring model using Clawn miniature pigs, and to investigate the role of chymase in hypertrophic scarring. METHODS: After creating four skin wounds (7.5 × 7.5 cm, depth = 0.15 cm) in each pig, skin biopsies were performed after 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 days...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319440/markers-of-blood-coagulation-and-fibrinolysis-in-patients-with-early-and-delayed-microsurgical-reconstructions-in-the-lower-extremities
#14
Oliver Kloeters, Dalibor Vasilic, Pieter Hupkens, Dietmar Ulrich
BACKGROUND: In this study, markers of coagulation and fibrinolysis were assessed during early and delayed microsurgical reconstruction in patients with traumatic defects of their lower legs to analyse whether an imbalance of the hemostasis after trauma might predispose the development of vascular complications. METHODS: The prospective study included 70 patients. In 35 patients, surgery was performed within 72 hours after injury. In 35 other patients, delayed free flap transfer was performed between 14-21 days after trauma...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319433/breast-reconstruction-following-nipple-sparing-mastectomy-clinical-outcomes-and-risk-factors-related-complications
#15
Rosaria Laporta, Benedetto Longo, Michail Sorotos, Alessio Farcomeni, Caterina Patti, Maria Rosaria Mastrangeli, Corrado Rubino, Fabio Santanelli di Pompeo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate clinical outcomes and risk factors related complications in patients who had undergone nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) followed by implant-based or autologous reconstruction. METHODS: Between 2004-2014 a single-institution retrospective review was collected on NSMs reconstruction. Patient demographics, comorbidities, breast morphological factors, type and timing of radiotherapy, type of incision, reconstruction type and timing, implant volume and complications were collected...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467092/outcome-after-carpal-tunnel-release-impact-of-factors-related-to-metabolic-syndrome
#16
Malin Zimmerman, Erik Dahlin, Niels O B Thomsen, Gert S Andersson, Anders Björkman, Lars B Dahlin
OBJECTIVE: The standard surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), with an open carpal tunnel release, is reported to relieve symptoms in most patients. In a retrospective observational study, outcome after open carpal tunnel release was evaluated, focusing on factors related to the metabolic syndrome: diabetes, hypertension, obesity (BMI ≥30) and statin treatment. METHODS: Results from 493 out of 962 patients (531/1044 hands) operated for CTS during 18 months that had filled in QuickDASH questionnaires before and 1-year after surgery were included in the study...
June 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403887/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-treated-with-guided-brain-plasticity-a-randomised-controlled-study
#17
Magnus Flondell, Birgitta Rosen, Gert Andersson, Anders Björkman
INTRODUCTION: Guided plasticity, induced by cutaneous forearm anaesthesia, improves hand sensibility in patients with nerve injury and vibration-induced neuropathy. This study investigated whether patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) would benefit from cutaneous forearm anaesthesia. METHODS: Seventy patients with clinical and electroneurography-verified CTS were randomised to sensory training combined with either an anaesthetic cream (EMLA(®)) (n = 34) or a placebo cream (n = 36) on the volar part of the forearm...
June 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332929/erratum
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454051/outcome-of-simple-decompression-of-the-compressed-ulnar-nerve-at-the-elbow-influence-of-smoking-gender-and-electrophysiological-findings
#19
Erik Dahlin, Emma Dahlin, Gert S Andersson, Niels O B Thomsen, Anders Björkman, Lars B Dahlin
BACKGROUND: Compression of the ulnar nerve at elbow is frequently treated with simple decompression. Knowledge about factors influencing results of surgery of the nerve is limited and contradictory. The primary aim was to evaluate outcome of simple decompression of the nerve using a QuickDASH questionnaire, and to investigate any influence of smoking, gender, and preoperative electrophysiological findings. A second aim was to estimate the relation between QuickDASH score and a clinical assessment of outcome by the surgeon...
April 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403747/treatment-of-complex-metacarpal-defects-with-free-chimeric-iliac-osteocutaneous-flaps
#20
Zhao-Hui Pan, Ping-Ping Jiang, Yu-Xiang Zhao, Jian-Li Wang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this report is to present the clinical results of using free chimeric iliac osteocutaneous flaps based on the periosteal branch of the superficial circumflex iliac artery (SCIA) in complex metacarpal reconstructions. METHODS: Reconstruction using free chimeric iliac osteocutaneous flaps was performed in a series of seven patients who underwent metacarpal reconstruction for complex metacarpal defects between March 2009 and March 2012. The procedure was performed for bone and soft tissue losses associated with posttraumatic infections (four patients) and posttraumatic bone and soft tissue defects (three patients)...
April 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
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