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Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885132/no-long-term-risk-of-wrist-osteoarthritis-due-to-subchondral-haematomas-in-distal-radial-fractures
#1
Ante Mrkonjic, Mats Geijer, Tommy Lindau, Magnus Tägil
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study of distal radius fractures was to determine if a subchondral haematoma in an unfractured compartment predicts secondary osteoarthritis. METHODS: In 1995-1997, 41 patients, 22 women, a median age of 41 years (20-57 years) with a displaced distal radius fracture underwent diagnostic wrist arthroscopy in addition to the fracture treatment. In 12 patients (7/12 women), subchondral haematomas were identified in a joint compartment not involved in the fracture...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880703/the-association-between-surgical-complications-and-the-possum-score-in-head-and-neck-reconstruction-a-retrospective-single-center-study
#2
Yohjiroh Makino, Katsuhiro Ishida, Keita Kishi, Hiroki Kodama, Takeshi Miyawaki
The Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the Enumeration of Mortality and Morbidity (POSSUM) is widely used to predict surgical complications affecting various organs. However, there are few reports about objective evaluation methods for head and neck surgery. In this study, we retrospectively examined the association between POSSUM score and actual surgical complications of head and neck reconstruction surgery. In total, 711 patients who underwent head and neck reconstruction after cancer extirpation between January 2007 and January 2015 were studied...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876176/gynecomastia-histological-appearance-in-different-age-groups
#3
Alba Fricke, Gabriele M Lehner, G Björn Stark, Vincenzo Penna
OBJECTIVE: Gynecomastia is a common finding in the male population which is mostly idiopathic. The aim of our study was to analyze the histological differences in young and old patient groups and its association with recurrence rates. METHODS: Three hundred and five gynecomastia patients (555 breasts) undergoing surgical treatment from 1997 to 2015 were divided into four groups: Group 1: 13-17 years, Group 2: 18-30 years, Group 3: 31-49 years and Group 4: 50-83 years...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868941/do-rhomboid-flaps-provide-more-elongation-than-z-plasty-flaps-an-experimental-study
#4
Serdar Altun, Fatih Çakır, Mehmet Öztan, Mehmet İhsan Okur, Ali Bal
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A Z-plasty flap is one of the most widely used geometric relaxation methods to release contracture bands. A rhomboid flap is a lesser used geometric relaxation method than a Z-plasty flap. This study aimed to determine the length and rate of elongation provided by rhomboid and Z-plasty flaps. METHODS: Bilateral contracture bands were created in the inguinal skins of rats. A rhomboid flap was planned for the right side of the inguinal region, and a single Z-plasty flap was planned for the left side...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857656/diaphragm-reconstruction-combined-with-thoraco-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-after-tumor-resection
#5
Hiroaki Kuwahara, Juho Salo, Erkki Tukiainen
BACKGROUND: Thoraco-abdominal wall resection including diaphragm resection results in a challenging surgical defect. Various methods have been used for diaphragm reconstruction. The aim of this study was to describe our methods of diaphragm and thoraco-abdominal wall reconstruction after combined resection of these anatomical structures. METHODS: Twenty-one patients underwent diaphragm resection at our institution between 1997 and 2015. We used a mesh or direct closure for diaphragm defect and a mesh for chest wall stabilization...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854828/laser-assisted-indocyanine-green-angiography-in-implant-based-immediate-breast-reconstruction-a-retrospective-study
#6
Niels Hammer-Hansen, Alexander Andersen Juhl, Tine Engberg Damsgaard
OBJECTIVE: Necrosis in implant-based immediate breast reconstruction is a feared complication. Accurate evaluation of mastectomy skin flaps per-operatively is necessary to decrease this risk. The present study is the first in Scandinavia to review the effects of perioperative evaluation with laser-assisted indocyanine green fluorescence angiography (LA-ICGA). METHOD: A retrospective review was performed using data from the electronic patient record at the Department of Plastic and Breast Surgery at Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark on all patients who underwent implant-based skin-sparing immediate breast reconstruction with ADM in the time period March 2012 to October 2015...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799442/the-use-of-innervated-radial-artery-superficial-palmar-branch-perforator-free-flap-for-complex-digital-injuries-reconstruction
#7
Zhenglin Chi, Georgios Pafitanis, Luis Eduardo Parra Pont, Roshan Vijayan, Stefano Marcelli, Weiyang Gao, Zan Li, Xiao Zhou, Dajiang Song, Peng Yang
Loco-regional flaps have been widely used for the reconstruction of digital injuries without requiring microvascular anastomosis, however, they result in scarring and compromised functional outcomes. This study demonstrates our experience utilizing the innervated radial artery superficial palmar branch (RASPB) perforator free flap for complex digital injury reconstruction. From May 2007 to March 2014, the innervated RASPB perforator free flap was used to reconstruct 79 distal complex hand and digital soft tissue defects of which 14 were used to re-vascularise the distal digit in a flow-through fashion...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758551/retention-of-a-reconstructed-nipple-using-a-c-v-flap-with-different-layer-thicknesses-in-the-c-flap
#8
Yoshihiro Sowa, Sizu Itsukage, Kouichi Sakaguchi, Tetsuya Taguchi, Toshiaki Numajiri
BACKGROUND: The C-V flap for nipple reconstruction is now one of standard surgical techniques. But decreased projection is still a problem. In recent years, it has been suggested that projection can be more easily maintained when raising of the C-flap is performed with a split thickness dermis. In this study, we examined whether decrease of projection can be prevented by raising of a C-flap with a split dermis rather than with full dermis. METHODS: A total of 49 consecutive patients who underwent reconstruction of a nipple using the C-V flap technique were enrolled...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758536/gynecomastia-glandular-liposculpture-through-a-single-transaxillary-one-hole-incision
#9
Yung Ki Lee, Jun Hee Lee, Sang Yoon Kang
Gynecomastia is characterized by the benign proliferation of breast tissue in men. Herein, we present a new method for the treatment of gynecomastia, using ultrasound-assisted liposuction with both conventional and reverse-cutting edge tip cannulas in combination with a pull-through lipectomy technique with pituitary forceps through a single transaxillary incision. Thirty patients were treated with this technique at the author's institution from January 2010 to January 2015. Ten patients were treated with conventional surgical excision of the glandular/fibrous breast tissue combined with liposuction through a periareolar incision before January 2010...
July 30, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708467/gender-differences-in-surgical-treatment-of-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#10
Anna Paganini, Camilla Hörfelt, Hans Mark
Numerous gender-based differences in medical treatment have been recognized due to conscious or unconscious perceptions, i.e. gender bias. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether gender differences exist in the surgical treatment of patients with cleft lip and palate (CLP) anomalies. This study is a retrospective review of 235 consecutive patients with non-syndromic unilateral CLP or bilateral CLP born between 1966 and 1986. Each chart was reviewed, and 2178 surgical procedures were registered and categorized as primary surgery (primary lip, palatal and alveolar repair) or secondary surgery (aesthetic and functional revision)...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708441/safe-monsplasty-technique
#11
Audrey Patoué, Antoine De Runz, Raphael Carloni, Sylvie Aillet, Eric Watier, Nicolas Bertheuil
INTRODUCTION: To improve their health and quality of life, obese patients undergo consultation after weight loss. In these patients, the sub-umbilical abdominal and pubic regions are often characterized by redundant skin, creating aesthetic and functional discomfort. Monsplasty is an important step in abdominoplasty or bodylift procedures. We report on an original technique used to correct deformity in the pubic region following weight loss. METHODS: All interventions were performed by the same surgeon between April and December 2015...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687048/a-core-undergraduate-curriculum-in-plastic-surgery-a-delphi-consensus-study-in-scandinavia
#12
Stian K Almeland, Andrew Lindford, Jais Oliver Berg, Emma Hansson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In recent years, undergraduate medical education has undergone a transition from a speciality-based to a more competence-based training system. Consequently, whilst medical knowledge is rapidly expanding, time for teaching of the surgical specialties is decreasing. Thus, there appears to be a need to define the core competences that are to be taught. The aim of this study was to establish a Scandinavian core undergraduate curriculum of competences in plastic surgery, using scientific methods...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686120/coincidence-or-complication-a-systematic-review-of-trigger-digit-after-carpal-tunnel-release
#13
Fu-Yu Lin, Chao-I Wu, Hsu-Tang Cheng
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and trigger digits are among the most common nontraumatic hand disorders treated by plastic surgeons. The onset of trigger digits after carpal tunnel release (CTR) has been inconsistently reported. This systematic review assessed the prevalence of trigger digits development in patients after CTR surgery. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE, EMBASE and SCOPUS databases for papers published between January 1966 and August 2016...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669259/correction-of-inverted-nipples-with-the-double-track-sun-cross-running-suture-technique
#14
Jae Hoon Jeong, Iehyon Park, Jihyeon Han, Ji Ung Park
Various techniques have been reported for correcting inverted nipples; however, problems such as incomplete correction, recurrence, scarring and nerve or duct injury persist. To minimise the recurrence rate and reliably attain a well-projected nipple, we developed a technique involving a single suture that runs through both the periphery and the core of the nipple. After the dissection and release of fibrotic connective tissue, an absorbable monofilament suture was passed through the periphery and core to leave double tracks of the suture at all locations, creating the final shape of a cross inside a circle (resembling the sun-cross symbol)...
July 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669251/an-algorithmic-approach-for-the-management-of-hand-deformities-in-dystrophic-epidermolysis-bullosa
#15
Serhan Tuncer, Billur Sezgin, Basar Kaya, Suhan Ayhan, Osman Latifoglu
Treatment of hand deformities in epidermolysis bullosa patients represents a challenging field in hand surgery practice, thus a systematic approach by a team is mandatory for a successful result. A simple and practical algorithm for the surgical treatment of hand deformities in EB was employed by the authors where the deformities of each digit in EB patients was categorized according to pseudosyndactyly and interphalangeal joint contracture severity for guidance during the surgical treatment. The current study retrospectively reviewed the medical records and photographic data of 13 EB patients followed in our department, for whom a systematic approach to the management and treatment was used...
July 2, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868452/closed-reduction-of-zygomatic-tripod-fractures-using-a-towel-clip
#16
Anı Cinpolat, Ozlenen Ozkan, Gamze Bektas, Omer Ozkan
BACKGROUND: The zygomatic bone constitutes the prominence of the cheek. Fractures of the zygomatic bone are the second most treatment of zygomatic bone fractures and can be examined under two headings, open and closed reductions. This paper describes a new technique in the closed reduction of tripod fractures using a towel clip. METHODS: Seventeen consecutive patients (three females, 14 males) with a mean age of 35.5 years (range = 18-66 years) with zygomatic tripod fracture were treated using the towel clip technique between December 2011 and February 2014...
August 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846771/an-8-year-population-description-from-a-national-treatment-centre-on-lymphatic-malformations
#17
Jill Josefine Eliasson, Inanna Weiss, Hans Erik Høgevold, Nina Oliver, Rune Andersen, Kirsti Try, Kim Alexander Tønseth
INTRODUCTION: Lymphatic malformations are rare developmental non-malignant abnormalities that present as masses consisting of abnormal growth of fluid filled channels or spaces in the skin or deep tissue that result in abnormalities of lymphatic flow. They may cause symptoms like pain, recurrent lymphorrea, abnormal bone growth, and disturbance of bodily functions. They may also be a cosmetic problem. The study aims to describe the population with lymphatic malformations (LM) treated at a national referral centre...
August 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844485/global-aesthetic-surgery-statistics-a-closer-look
#18
Paul I Heidekrueger, S Juran, D Ehrl, T Aung, N Tanna, P Niclas Broer
INTRODUCTION: Obtaining quality global statistics about surgical procedures remains an important yet challenging task. The International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ISAPS) reports the total number of surgical and non-surgical procedures performed worldwide on a yearly basis. While providing valuable insight, ISAPS' statistics leave two important factors unaccounted for: (1) the underlying base population, and (2) the number of surgeons performing the procedures. METHODS: Statistics of the published ISAPS' 'International Survey on Aesthetic/Cosmetic Surgery' were analysed by country, taking into account the underlying national base population according to the official United Nations population estimates...
August 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762159/experience-of-plastic-surgery-registrars-in-a-european-working-time-directive-compliant-rota
#19
Catherine de Blacam, Sean Tierney, Odhran Shelley
BACKGROUND: Surgical training requires exposure to clinical decision-making and operative experience in a supervised environment. It is recognised that learning ability is compromised when fatigued. The European Working Time Directive requires a decrease in working hours, but compliance reduces trainees' clinical exposure, which has profound implications for plastic surgery training. The aim of this study was to evaluate plastic surgery registrars' experience of an EWTD-compliant rota, and to examine its impact on patient care, education, and logbook activity...
August 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758127/joint-distraction-for-thumb-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-a-feasibility-study-with-1-year-follow-up
#20
Anne J Spaans, L Paul van Minnen, Assa Braakenburg, Aebele B Mink van der Molen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of joint distraction of the first carpometacarpal (CMC1) joint in patients with CMC1 osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: An external joint distractor was placed over the CMC1 joint by K-wire fixation in the trapezium and the metacarpal. The joint was distracted 3 mm during surgery. The device was then kept in place for 8 weeks. Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) score, Michigan Hand Outcome Questionnaire (MHQ), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), and grip strength were recorded preoperatively and at set postoperative intervals...
August 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
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