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Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery

Rasmus N Kristensen, Peter Stemann Andersen, Jørgen Lock-Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Lip carcinomas are among the most common malignant tumours of the head and neck region but reports on the course and outcome of this disease are mainly based on Mediterranean, South American, and Oceanian populations. The aim of the study was to describe the treatment and outcome of patients with lip carcinoma at a Danish department of plastic surgery. METHOD: We conducted a single institution retrospective cohort study including patients with primary cancer of the lips including squamous cell (SCC), basal cell (BCC), and basosquamous carcinomas (BSC) in a 5-year period...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Jonas A Nelson, John P Fischer, Ritwik Grover, Priscilla Nelson, Alex Au, Joseph M Serletti, Liza C Wu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to critically examine intraoperative vasopressor usage as it relates to free flap perfusion and its effect on perioperative complications in autologous breast reconstruction. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed involving all free autologous breast reconstructions at a single institution over a 5 year period. Data collection focused on perioperative care, specifically fluid administration, urine output (UOP), use of vasopressors, and case duration...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Tomohisa Nagasao, Motoki Tamai, Tadaaki Moromomi, Takanori Miki, Tetsukuni Kogure, Yusuke Hamamoto, Hiroo Kudo, Yoshio Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: The present study elucidates whether or not preserving fat tissues deeper than the Scarpa's fascia in zone 3 and zone 4 reduces postoperative fluid collection after harvesting the transverse rectus-abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap. METHODS: Thirty-one patients for whom breast reconstruction with free TRAM flaps had been performed were included in the study. Fat tissues deeper than the Scarpa's fascia in zone 3 and zone 4 were addressed in two ways. With 17 patients, these tissues were preserved on the abdominal wall; with 14 patients, these fat tissues were harvested as part of the TRAM flap...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Percy Rossell-Perry, Olga Figallo-Hudtwalcker, Roberto Vargas-Chanduvi, Yvette Calderon-Ayvar, Carolina Romero-Narvaez
BACKGROUND: Few studies have been published reporting risk factors for flap necrosis after primary palatoplasty in patients with cleft palate. This complication is rare, and the event is a disaster for both the patient and the surgeon. This study was performed to explore the associations between different risk factors and the development of flap necrosis after primary palatoplasty in patients with cleft palate. METHODS: This is a case-control study. A 20 years retrospective analysis (1994-2015) of patients with nonsyndromic cleft palate was identified from medical records and screening day registries)...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Erik Dahlin, Malin Zimmerman, Anders Björkman, Niels O B Thomsen, Gert S Andersson, Lars B Dahlin
BACKGROUND: The aim was to evaluate the influence of smoking and preoperative electrophysiology on the outcome of open carpal tunnel release. METHODS: This retrospective observational study evaluated the outcome in 493 patients (531 hands) primary operated for carpal tunnel syndrome. Data were collected from medical records, health evaluations, and QuickDASH questionnaires before surgery and 1 year after. RESULTS: Smokers had a higher QuickDASH score preoperatively as well as postoperatively, but the change in total score did not differ...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Mathias Tremp, Pietro Giovanni di Summa, Carlo M Oranges, Dirk J Schaefer, Daniel Felix Kalbermatten
BACKGROUND: The reconstruction of gluteal deformities remains a major challenge. The aim of this article is to provide a systematic review of the literature concerned, and to present a case series with representative defects from various zones. METHODS: A review of the literature was performed using PubMed, EMBASE, and The Cochrane Library, in accordance with the PRISMA statement. Quality of evidence was rated according to GRADE. Patients with various buttock deformities were included and, depending on the defect, the reconstructive techniques applied consisted of lipoinjection, local fasciocutaneous flap, or pedicled gracilis muscle flap...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Wei Ding, Yinjia Ding, Hua Jiang
BACKGROUND: Although reduction mammaplasty is one of the most common procedures in plastic surgery, it is associated with some serious complications, especially in cases of severe hypertrophy or advanced ptosis, including necrosis of the nipple and areola, absence of normal sensation of the nipple-areolar complex, and loss of lactational function for future nursing. A thorough understanding of the breast anatomy is vital for successful reduction mammaplasty. This article describes the blood supply and innervation of the breasts, and introduces a modified round block technique for reduction mammaplasty based on this anatomy...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Hakan Uzun, Ozan Bitik, Öznur Uzun, Umut Sinan Ersoy, Erdem Aktaş
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma therapy has the potential to promote peripheral nerve regeneration through the autologous supply of growth factors. Therefore, this study aimed to compare the effects of platelet-rich plasma injections with the effects of corticosteroid injections in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. METHODS: In total, 40 patients with mild carpal tunnel syndrome were equally divided into two groups. Nerve conduction studies were carried out, and the Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire was administered to both groups before treatment...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Endre Soreide, Torstein Husby, Jan Ragnar Haugstvedt
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess long-term functional outcome for patients after arthroscopic assisted suture for peripheral tears of the triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC). METHODS: Eleven patients, 26 (15-59) years old at time of surgery, 48 (35-78) years old at time of follow-up, were available for this 20-year follow-up. Subjective and objective outcomes, such as range of motion, grip strength, patients' satisfaction, pain, and Mayo Modified Wrist Score, were assessed, as well as asking the question if the patients would have had the surgery done again, knowing the outcome, based on a clinical examination and patient reported questionnaires...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Camilla Morken Kristoffersen, Håvard Seland, Emma Hansson
BACKGROUND: Most women who have their breast reconstructed are offered NAC reconstruction. Nonetheless, it is unclear what scientific evidence there is for the procedure. The aims of the present systematic review were to evaluate the quality of evidence for benefits and risks with NAC reconstruction, and to examine the evidence for different techniques. METHODS: Relevant databases were searched. Inclusion criteria were controlled studies comprising ≥20 patients and a case series of ≥50 patients...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Anı Cinpolat, Ozlenen Ozkan, Gamze Bektas, Omer Ozkan
BACKGROUND: The zygomatic bone constitutes the prominence of the cheek. Fractures of the zygomatic bone are the second most treatment of zygomatic bone fractures and can be examined under two headings, open and closed reductions. This paper describes a new technique in the closed reduction of tripod fractures using a towel clip. METHODS: Seventeen consecutive patients (three females, 14 males) with a mean age of 35.5 years (range = 18-66 years) with zygomatic tripod fracture were treated using the towel clip technique between December 2011 and February 2014...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Jill Josefine Eliasson, Inanna Weiss, Hans Erik Høgevold, Nina Oliver, Rune Andersen, Kirsti Try, Kim Alexander Tønseth
INTRODUCTION: Lymphatic malformations are rare developmental non-malignant abnormalities that present as masses consisting of abnormal growth of fluid filled channels or spaces in the skin or deep tissue that result in abnormalities of lymphatic flow. They may cause symptoms like pain, recurrent lymphorrea, abnormal bone growth, and disturbance of bodily functions. They may also be a cosmetic problem. The study aims to describe the population with lymphatic malformations (LM) treated at a national referral centre...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Paul I Heidekrueger, S Juran, D Ehrl, T Aung, N Tanna, P Niclas Broer
INTRODUCTION: Obtaining quality global statistics about surgical procedures remains an important yet challenging task. The International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ISAPS) reports the total number of surgical and non-surgical procedures performed worldwide on a yearly basis. While providing valuable insight, ISAPS' statistics leave two important factors unaccounted for: (1) the underlying base population, and (2) the number of surgeons performing the procedures. METHODS: Statistics of the published ISAPS' 'International Survey on Aesthetic/Cosmetic Surgery' were analysed by country, taking into account the underlying national base population according to the official United Nations population estimates...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Arja Heliövaara, Annelise Küseler, Pål Skaare, William Shaw, Kirsten Mølsted, Agneta Karsten, Eli Brinck, Sara Rizell, Agneta Marcusson, Paul Sæle, Kirsti Hurmerinta, Elisabeth Rønning, Midia Najar Chalien, Jeanette Mooney, Phil Eyres, Gunvor Semb
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Good dentofacial growth is a major goal in the treatment of unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP). The aim was to evaluate dental arch relationships at age 5 years after four different protocols of primary surgery for UCLP. DESIGN: Three parallel randomised clinical trials were undertaken as an international multi-centre study by 10 cleft teams in five countries: Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Norway, and the UK. METHODS: Three different surgical procedures for primary palatal repair (Arms B, C, D) were tested against a common procedure (Arm A) in the total cohort of 448 children born with non-syndromic UCLP...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Martijn A van Onna, Mona Haj, Jeroen M Smit, Maarten M Hoogbergen
BACKGROUND: Due to incidental occurrence of ectropion as a late complication of cheek advancement flaps, this study investigated the long-term effects of these flaps for post-Mohs' reconstruction of the cheek aesthetic. METHODS: All the patients who underwent a cheek advancement flap in the Catharina Hospital Eindhoven between January 2006 and January 2013 where included and assessed by means of a retrospective chart review and a survey about the long-term outcome and patient satisfaction...
December 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Pierfranco Simone, Carlo Carusi, Romualdo Del Buono, Paolo Persichetti
BACKGROUND: A high rate of postoperative complications following inner thigh lift is reported in the medical literature. The authors present the results of a study on the validity of inner thigh contouring, with liposuction and concomitant skin excision, in postbariatric patients. METHODS: This study examined the charts of 46 postbariatric female patients, who underwent medial thigh lift with a 'T' scar technique and concomitant liposuction, between February 2010 and February 2013...
December 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Songlin Xie, Xiangwu Deng, Yanmin Chen, Dajiang Song, Kanghua Li, Xiao Zhou, Zan Li
BACKGROUND: An anterolateral thigh (ALT) perforator flap can be thinned to an extent to which it is vascularised only by the subdermal plexus. This study presents an innervated flap thinning technique and its application for dorsal foot and ankle resurfacing. METHODS: A superthin innervated ALT perforator flap was used to repair the dorsal foot and ankle of 12 patients. The perforators were classified according to their variations in the adipose layer, and the corresponding microdissection technique was then applied...
December 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Yoshihiro Sowa, Toshiaki Numajiri, Ayako Kawarazaki, Kouichi Sakaguchi, Tetsuya Taguchi, Kenichi Nishino
BACKGROUND: Postoperative seroma is the most common complication of latissimus dorsi (LD) flap surgery for breast reconstruction. The use of EC for elevation of the flap might cause additional risk for seroma formation by injuring surrounding lymph vessels due to heat dispersion. There is a possibility that seroma formation can be prevented by using alternative devices such as harmonic focus (HF) shears that can dissect the tissue simultaneously with sealing the lymph vessels. METHODS: Forty-eight patients who underwent breast reconstruction with LD flaps since August 2011 up to April 2015 were enrolled...
December 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Martin Söderman, Jørn B Thomsen, Jens A Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Inguinal lymphadenectomy is essential for regional staging of malignant melanoma in the lower part of the body. The procedure is associated with a wide range of complication rates. The objective of this study was to systematically review the literature for papers describing complication rates following inguinal (ID) and ilioinguinal (I-ID) lymphadenectomies, and estimate the actual complication rates in patients with malignant melanoma. METHODS: The PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched for studies reporting complications following ID and I-ID for malignant melanomas...
December 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
Byung-Joon Jeon, Deok-Woo Kim, Min-Sook Kim, Seung-Ha Park, Eun-Sang Dhong, Eul-Sik Yoon, Byung-Il Lee, Na-Hyun Hwang
BACKGROUND: Hyperpigmentation, mainly following UV-irradiation, can cause major cosmetic concerns. Human adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) have been reported to serve as whitening agents through a paracrine effect. However, there have been few reports on the direct effects of ASCs on skin pigmentation following UVB-irradiation. METHODS: To evaluate the effect of ASCs on UVB-irradiated mouse skin, UVB-irradiation alone was applied to one side of the backs of mice (melanin-processing hairless mouse, HRM-2) as a control, and UVB-irradiation plus injection of ASCs was applied to the contralateral side...
December 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
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