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Journal of Thoracic Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275509/erratum-to-unilateral-absence-of-pulmonary-artery-associated-with-contralateral-lung-cancer
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.21037/jtd.2016.08.97.].
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275508/targeting-cd47-the-achievements-and-concerns-of-current-studies-on-cancer-immunotherapy
#2
COMMENT
Yuting Huang, Yuchi Ma, Peng Gao, Zhi Yao
Targeting CD47 is in the spotlight of cancer immunotherapy. Blocking CD47 triggers the recognition and elimination of cancer cells by the innate immunity. There are three CD47 antagonists in phase I clinical trials, but their potential efficacies are highly controversial. We raise our concern that NOD-based xenograft hosts tend to overestimate, while syngeneic mouse models could substantially underestimate the efficacy of anti-CD47 therapy. Such discrepancy may be resulted from specific reagent that alters CD47 clustering, and the highly variable avidities of interspecies and intraspecies CD47-SIRPα interaction...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275507/-%C3%AF-%C3%AE-%C3%AF-%C3%AE-%C3%AF-yesterday-sepsis-nowadays-what-s-changing
#3
COMMENT
Salvatore Lucio Cutuli, Gennaro De Pascale, Massimo Antonelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275506/current-trends-in-lung-resection-for-t1a-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-is-lobectomy-still-the-answer
#4
COMMENT
Syed S Razi, Despoina Daskalaki, Joshua Burack
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275505/re-intervention-after-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-is-high-but-we-should-keep-optimistic
#5
COMMENT
Hung-Lung Hsu, Chun-Che Shih
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275504/new-treatment-options-and-challenges-for-patients-with-anaplastic-lymphoma-kinase-positive-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-with-brain-metastases
#6
COMMENT
Dwight Owen, Gregory A Otterson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275503/genomics-of-lung-cancer
#7
COMMENT
Kwun M Fong, Rayleen V Bowman, Ian A Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275502/alectinib-for-the-management-of-alk-positive-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-brain-metastases
#8
COMMENT
Natalie A Lockney, Abraham J Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275501/who-are-appropriate-surgical-candidates-among-patients-with-oligometastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#9
COMMENT
Tomoyuki Hishida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275500/effect-of-old-versus-fresh-transfused-red-blood-cells-on-patients-outcome-probably-more-complex-than-appears
#10
COMMENT
Olivier Garraud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275499/a-new-prediction-score-for-critically-ill-patients-do-we-need-an-apgar-score-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#11
COMMENT
Lieuwe D Bos, Antonio Artigas-Raventos, Marcus J Schultz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275498/pulmonary-cryptococcosis-manifesting-as-diffuse-air-space-consolidations-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#12
Hye Won Choi, Semin Chong, Mi Kyung Kim, In Won Park
Pulmonary cryptococcosis is an opportunity infection commonly occurred in the immunocompromised patients. However pulmonary cryptococcosis in the immunocompetent was reported up to 35% and these cases tend to show confined and localized radiologic findings than in immunocompromised patients. To our knowledge, extensive air-space consolidations have not frequently occurred in the immunocompetent patient. Therefore, in this case, we report a rare case of a 73-year-old woman who was diagnosed with pulmonary cryptococcosis, manifesting as diffuse air-space consolidations even though normal immune status...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275497/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-as-a-rescue-therapy-for-acute-respiratory-failure-during-chemotherapy-in-a-patient-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#13
Sang Won Lee, Youn Seup Kim, Goohyeon Hong
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by pneumonia in patients with hematologic malignancies can be life-threatening. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is the only temporary treatment for patients with ARDS who are refractory to conventional treatment. However, the immunosuppression and coagulopathies in hematological malignancies such as lymphoma and acute leukemia are relative contraindications for ECMO, due to high risks of infection and bleeding. Here, we report a 22-year-old man with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who developed pneumonia and ARDS during induction chemotherapy; he was treated with ECMO...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275496/thymic-hyperplasia-associated-with-primary-sjogren-s-syndrome-cured-by-thymectomy
#14
Yanzhong Xin, Hongfei Cai, Yang Li, Youbin Cui
Thymus hyperplasia associated with Sjogren's syndrome is a rare morbid state. The present study described a 55-year-old woman who presented with a dryness of the oral cavity, and itchy eyes. Chest computed tomography identified a mass, measuring 4×2.5×2.5 cm, located at the anterior mediastinum. The mass was suspected as thymoma, thymic cyst, or teratoma, and resected by thymectomy. The postoperative pathological diagnosis was thymic lymphoid hyperplasia. After 1-year follow-up period, her sicca syndrome has been resolved...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275495/resection-of-pulmonary-nodule-in-a-patient-with-subglottic-stenosis-under-modified-spontaneous-ventilation-anesthesia
#15
Jianfei Shen, Xuewei Chen, Lixia Liang, Kevin Phan, Jin-Shing Chen, Calvin S H Ng, Rene Horsleben Petersen, Diego González-Rivas, Jianxing He
Subglottic stenosis is an uncommon structural abnormality that can pose as a difficulty for patients undergoing surgery, and treatment is complex due to the special anatomical location. Pulmonary nodule resection in patients with subglottic stenosis is challenging and has not yet been reported. Here we present a case of pulmonary nodule resection in a patient with subglottic stenosis using uniportal thoracoscopy under spontaneous ventilation anesthesia (SVA). Compared with traditional double lumen endotracheal intubation, we believe this modified technique can significantly reduce airway trauma, and accelerate patient recovery...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275494/chronic-pulmonary-mucormycosis-an-emerging-fungal-infection-in-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Nousheen Iqbal, Muhammad Irfan, Kauser Jabeen, Murtaza Mohammed Kazmi, Muhammad Usman Tariq
Mucormycosis commonly affects immunocompromised individuals with defects in neutrophil function or count. Diabetes mellitus is an important risk factor due to impair innate and acquired immunity for mucormycosis, with rhino-orbital-cerebral involvement as a common presentation. Pulmonary mucormycosis (PM) although a rare presentation in diabetic patients but is associated with high mortality and morbidity. An early diagnosis of PM is difficult, due to rarity of the disease and clinical and radiological features resembling tuberculosis (TB) which is common in Pakistan...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275493/differential-diagnosis-of-acute-miliary-pulmonary-tuberculosis-from-widespread-metastatic-cancer-for-postoperative-lung-cancer-patients-two-cases
#17
Wei Zhao, Yuke Tian, Feng Peng, Jianlin Long, Lan Liu, Meijuan Huang, You Lu
Pulmonary infections and lung cancer can resemble each other on radiographic images, which makes it difficult to diagnosis accurately and apply an appropriate therapy. Here we report two cases that two postoperative patients with lung adenocarcinoma developed diffuse nodules in bilateral lungs in a month which needed to be distinguished between metastatic malignancies and infectious diseases. Although there are much similarities in disease characteristics of two cases, patient in case one was diagnosed as acute miliary pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) while patient in case two was diagnosed as metastatic disease...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275492/localization-of-thoracic-duct-using-heavily-t2w-mri-for-intractable-post-esophagectomy-chylothorax-a-case-report
#18
Yi-Chien Chang, Yi-Ting Yen, Ming-Chung Chang, Yau-Lin Tseng
Post-esophagectomy chylothorax is a rare yet serious complication. Herein we report the case of a patient with intractable post-esophagectomy chylothorax despite medical treatment with total parenteral nutrition and octreotide, as well as prophylactic and repeated thoracic duct mass ligation. The patient was eventually treated with localization of thoracic duct using T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T2W MRI), followed by video-assisted thoracoscopic thoracic duct ligation.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275491/percutaneous-paravalvular-leak-closure-after-corevalve-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-using-an-arterio-arterial-loop
#19
Rodrigo Estévez-Loureiro, Tomás Benito-González, Javier Gualis, Armando Pérez de Prado, Carlos Cuellas, Felipe Fernandez-Vazquez
Significant periprosthetic aortic regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve implantation has become a major concern of this technique given its association with impaired survival. We report the successful closure of such defect using a vascular occlusion device with the creation of an arterio-arterial loop to gain enough support to advance the delivery sheath into de the left ventricle.
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275490/erroneous-diagnosis-of-small-cell-lung-cancer-based-on-small-biopsies-with-far-reaching-consequences-case-report-of-a-typical-carcinoid-tumor
#20
Ioannis Kyritsis, Bettina Krebs, Sandra Kampe, Dirk Theegarten, Clemens Aigner, Stefan Welter
Although neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) of the lung are frequently discussed together, carcinoids are very different from high-grade small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC). SCLC is found in heavy-smoking, older patients, whereas smoking is not strongly associated with carcinoid tumors. We present the case of a 46-year-old never smoking woman who was misdiagnosed with SCLC. The patient was not responsive to radio-chemotherapy plus prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI); she had a typical carcinoid (TC) tumor according to the final pathology report...
February 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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