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Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine

Claudia Weilg, Olguita Del Aguila, Fernando Mazulis, Wilmer Silva-Caso, Carlos Alva-Urcia, Rosario Cerpa-Polar, Erick Mattos-Villena, Juana Del Valle Mendoza
An 11 year old, hispanic girl with a history of B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia was admitted to the hospital for symptoms compatible with Bartonella henselae infection. The first molecularly diagnosed case of disseminated Bartonella henselae infection was reported in an immunocompromised patient in Lima, Peru. The analysis was confirmed by Polymerase Chain Reaction and automated sequencing of a liver biopsy sample, even though the serologic tests were negative. In conclusion, Bartonella spp. infection should have a particular diagnostic consideration in immunocompromised patients with fever of unknown origin and further investigation regarding the patient's past exposures with cats should also be elicited...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Tejas Kirtane, Manoop S Bhutani
Pancreatic cystic and neoplasms are being diagnosed with increasing frequency. Accurate diagnosis and determination of benign versus malignant lesions is crucial for determining need for surveillance versus surgery or endoscopic therapy as well as avoiding unnecessary surgery in cysts with no malignant potential. Tumor markers such as KRAS and GNAS hold promise, but which molecular marker or a combination of markers is most useful and cost effective remains to be seen. Advanced imaging with confocal laser endomicroscopy can serve as an optical biopsy and play a part in the diagnostic algorithm...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Tatyana Vladimirovna Moskvina, Albina Dmitrievna Bartkova, Alexey Vasil'evich Ermolenko
OBJECTIVE: To detect nematode eggs in sandpits in urban area in Vladivostok. METHODS: Totally 60 samples were collected from five districts. Sand samples were analysed using combined flotation-sedimentation method. In result, 18 sand samples were positive for at one or two parasites species. RESULTS: Overall, only 3 genera of helminths were recovered. Most samples were positive for Toxocara spp. eggs. Toxocara spp. eggs were found in each district...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Muhammad Suleman, Rani Faryal, Muhammad Masroor Alam, Salmaan Sharif, Shahzad Shaukat, Uzma Bashir Aamir, Adnan Khurshid, Mehar Angez, Massab Umair, Mian Muhammad Sufian, Yasir Arshad, Ghulam Mujtaba, Syed Sohail Zahoor Zaidi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate NS1 antigen detection ELISA for the early laboratory diagnosis of dengue virus infection. METHODS: The present study was conducted to evaluate the overall positivity of NS1 antigen detection ELISA and its comparison with viral RNA detection via real time PCR and IgM antibodies detection by ELISA. RESULTS: A total of 1270 serum samples were tested 86% (1097/1270) were detected positive by one or more than one diagnostic test...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Azza A Matloub, Hadeer A Aglan, Sahar Salah Mohamed El Souda, Mona Elsayed Aboutabl, Amany Sayed Maghraby, Hanaa H Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: To explore the in vivo anticancer, anti-angiogenesis and immunomodulatory efficacies of the bioactive polysaccharide isolated from cold aqueous extract of Jania rubens (JCEM) and Pterocladia capillacea (PCEM) as well as hot aqueous extract of Enteromorpha intestinalis (EHEM) against hepatocellular carcinoma rat model (HCC) and to study their chemical composition. METHODS: The sugars and amino acids composition of the bioactive polysaccharides of JCEM, PCEM and EHEM were determined using gas liquid chromatography and amino acid analyzer, respectively...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Nastaran Mohseni, Ali Jahanian-Najafabadi, Fatemeh Kazemi-Lomedasht, Roghaye Arezomand, Mahdi Habibi-Anbouhi, Delavar Shahbazzadeh, Mahdi Behdani
OBJECTIVE: To express human vascular endothelial growth factor121 (VEGF121) in insect cells. METHODS: A gene construct containing VEGF was cloned in the pFastBac-HTA vector, followed by transformation in DH10BAC. The recombinant bacmid was then extracted, and transfected into Sf9 insect cells. The transfected cells were harvested, and then VEGF expression was confirmed by western blotting using specific antibodies. The tube formation assay was used for functional assessment of VEGF...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Omar M E Abdel-Salam, Eman R Youness, Nadia A Mohammed, Noha N Yassen, Yasser A Khadrawy, Safinaz Ebrahim El-Toukhy, Amany A Sleem
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of citric acid given alone or combined with atropine on brain oxidative stress, neuronal injury, liver damage, and DNA damage of peripheral blood lymphocytes induced in the rat by acute malathion exposure. METHODS: Rats were received intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of malathion 150 mg/kg along with citric acid (200 or 400 mg/kg, orally), atropine (1 mg/kg, i.p.) or citric acid 200 mg/kg + atropine 1 mg/kg and euthanized 4 h later...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Greanious Alfred Alfrd Mavondo, Musabayane Cephas Tagumirwa
OBJECTIVE: To report the influence of transdermal delivery of asiatic acid (AA) in Plasmodium berghei-infected Sprague Dawley rats on physicochemical changes, %parasitaemia and associated pathophysiology. METHODS: A topical once-off AA (5, 10, and 20 mg/kg)- or chloroquine (CHQ)-pectin patch was applied on the shaven dorsal neck region of Plasmodium berghei-infected Sprague Dawley rats (90-120 g) on day 7 after infection. Eating and drinking habits, weight changes, malaria effects and %parasitaemia were compared among animal groups over 21 d...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Pramote Sriwanitchrak, Atchara Paemanee, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Vithoon Viyanant, Kesara Na-Bangchang
OBJECTIVE: To apply lectin affinity chromatography and glycoproteomics-based LC-MS/MS to preliminarily investigate the possible potential plasma biomarkers of Opisthorchis viverrini (OV)-associated CCA in OV/dimethylnitrosamine (DMN)-induced CCA hamster model. METHODS: Nine Syrian hamsters were divided into 3 groups as follows (n = 3 each): normal (healthy control group); OV group; and OV/DMN group (CCA group). Pooled plasma samples collected from animals in each group at the 6th month post-infection with OV metacercarae were subjected to glycoproteomics analysis...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Seol-Wa Lim, Dong-Ryung Lee, Bong-Keun Choi, Hong-Suk Kim, Seung Hwan Yang, Joo-Won Suh, Kyung Soo Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible protective effect of Citrus aurantium peel extract (CAE) against apoptosis in cholestatic liver fibrosis induced by bile duct ligation in mice. METHODS: Male ICR mice were divided to 5 groups: 1) Control group (Sham-operated mice), 2) Cholestatic liver injury group induced by bile duct ligation (BDL), 3) BDL mice treated with silymarin (200 mg/kg) for 4 weeks, 4) BDL mice treated with 50 mg/kg CAE for 4 weeks, 5) BDL mice treated with 200 mg/kg CAE for 4 weeks...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Eyad M A Alshammari, Raju K Mandal, Mohd Wahid, Sajad A Dar, Arshad Jawed, Mohammed Y Areeshi, Saif Khan, Md Ekhlaque Ahmed Khan, Aditya K Panda, Shafiul Haque
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the precise association between pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) and P2x7 A1513C gene polymorphism. METHODS: PubMed and Google Scholar web-databases were searched for the studies reporting the association of P2x7 A1513C polymorphism and PTB risk. A meta-analysis was performed for the selected case-control studies and pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated for all the genetic models. RESULTS: Eleven studies comprising 2678 controls and 2113 PTB cases were included in this meta-analysis...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
María Adelina Jiménez-Arellanes, Gabriel Alfonso Gutiérrez-Rebolledo, Mariana Meckes-Fischer, Rosalba León-Díaz
Drug-induced liver injury encompasses a spectrum of diseases ranging from mild biochemical abnormalities to acute liver failure; example of this scenery is hepatotoxicity caused by the first-line antituberculous drugs isoniazid, rifampin and pyrazinamide, which are basic for treatment of drug-sensible and drug-resistant tuberculosis. In the search for pharmacological alternatives to prevent liver damage, antitubercular drugs have been the subject of numerous studies and published reviews, a great majority of them carried out by Asian countries...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
M Zamri-Saad, M I Kamarudin
Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease characterized by reproductive failure in animals and undulent fever in humans. In cattle, it is caused by Brucella abortus while in goats by Brucella melitensis, the main cause of brucellosis in humans. Brucellosis in livestock has been associated with importation of animals from breeder herd of unknown disease status. The prevalence of bovine brucellosis Brucella abortus in 2014 ranged between 1% and 2% in Thailand and Indonesia, and 4%-5% in Malaysia and Myanmar. Prevalence of goat brucellosis Brucella melitensis is approximately 1% in Malaysia and Thailand...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Éva Brigitta Patay, Tímea Bencsik, Nóra Papp
Coffea (coffee) species are grown in almost all countries along the Equator. Many members of the genus have a large production history and an important role both in the global market and researches. Seeds (Coffeae semen) are successfully used in food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries due to its caffeine and high polyphenol content. Nowadays, the three best-known coffee species are Arabic (Coffea arabica L.), Robusta (Coffea robusta L. Linden), and Liberian coffees (Coffea liberica Hiern.). Even though, many records are available on coffee in scientific literature, wild coffee species like Bengal coffee (Coffea benghalensis Roxb...
December 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Yun-Xia Zhang, Ya Su, Li Tang, Ze-Xing Yang, Dai-Feng Zhou, Yi-Min Qiu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Somsri Wiwanitkit, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Harapan Harapan, Samsul Anwar, Aslam Bustaman, Arsil Radiansyah, Pradiba Angraini, Riny Fasli, Salwiyadi Salwiyadi, Reza Akbar Bastian, Ade Oktiviyari, Imaduddin Akmal, Muhammad Iqbalamin, Jamalul Adil, Fenni Henrizal, Darmayanti Darmayanti, Rovy Pratama, Jhony Karunia Fajar, Abdul Malik Setiawan, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Ulrich Kuch, David Alexander Groneberg, R Tedjo Sasmono, Meghnath Dhimal, Ruth Mueller
OBJECTIVE: To explore and understand the attitude towards dengue vaccination and its modifiable determinants among inhabitants of Aceh (northern Sumatra Island, Indonesia), the region that was most severely affected by the earthquake and tsunami of 26 December 2004. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 535 healthy inhabitants in nine regencies (Kabupaten or Kotamadya) of Aceh that were selected randomly from November 2014 to March 2015...
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Yuan-Zheng Yang, Ying Xiang, Mian Chen, Li-Na Xian, Xiao-Yan Deng
OBJECTIVE: To observe dynamic changes of levels of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in patients with acute pancreatitis and to investigate its evaluation value on the severity of acute pancreatitis. METHODS: A total of 109 patients with acute pancreatitis admitted were divided into mild acute pancreatitis group (MAP group, 42 cases), moderately severe acute pancreatitis (MSAP group, 35 cases) and severe acute pancreatitis (SAP group, 32 cases)...
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Bo Yang, Sheng-Ze Li, Ling Ma, Hong-Li Liu, Jian Liu, Jun-Jun Shao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression, biological function and possible mechanism of action of microRNA molecular-196a (miR-196a) in epithelial ovarian cancer. METHODS: RT-PCR was used to detect the expression quantities of epithelial ovarian tissue, benign ovarian tissue, normal ovary epithelial tissue, ovarian cancer cell lines and miR-196a in normal ovarian epithelial cells to analyze the relationship between the expression of miR-196a and the clinical pathologic parameters of ovarian cancer...
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Lei Liu, Yong-Fu Zhao, Wen-Hao Han, Tao Chen, Guo-Xin Hou, Xian-Zhou Tong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the protective effects and mechanism of antioxidant TBHQ on renal damage caused by doxorubicin chemotherapy in mice with hepatic cancer. METHODS: Cell H22 of mice with hepatic cancer which was subcultured for three times was subcutaneously transplanted to the groin of right lower limb of 45 SPF Kunming mice to establish the transplanted tumor model. The doxorubicin chemotherapy group and antioxidant intervention group received intraperitoneal injection of ADM (1 mg/kg·0...
November 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
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