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Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237492/immunological-reactive-rate-to-zika-virus-in-canine-sera-a-report-from-a-tropical-area-and-concern-on-pet-zoonosis-and-reservoir-host
#1
LETTER
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237491/homozygosity-for-the-cd1e-02-allele-is-associated-with-a-resistance-to-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-infection-in-gabonese-school-children
#2
Landry-Erik Mombo, Francine Ntoumi, Cyrille Bisseye, Rajendranath Ramasawmy, Pascal Millet, Ryad Tamouza
OBJECTIVE: To explore the possible association between polymorphisms in CD1 genes and both asymptomatic and mild Plasmodium falciparum infection. METHODS: Two clusters of 85 school children, from the village of Dienga (Gabon) were investigated. The first group was analysed for the prevalence and the multiplicity of asymptomatic P. falciparum infection, whereas the second group was screened for the frequency of malarial attacks. RESULTS: Our findings showed that homozygosity for the CD1E*02 allele was associated with a low frequency of malarial attacks...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237490/study-of-concentration-of-amniotic-fluid-alpha-fetal-protein-in-thalassemia-fetus
#3
Yi Ling, Yan-Hong Yu, Song Jin, Chun-Xia Hu, Wei Peng, Hong-Yu Zhang, Huo Fu, Ning Zhang, Yan-Xin Wei
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that concentration of amniotic fluid alpha-fetal protein (AFAFP) is increased in thalassemia fetus. METHODS: A total of 135 cases of amniocentesis admitted from July 2013 to December 2014 were included in this study. Among them 98 cases of normal fetuses were assigned into control group and 37 cases of thalassemia fetus were included as thalassemia fetus group. Alpha-fetoprotein levels detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and the alpha-fetoprotein concentration were compared between the two groups...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237489/expression-and-clinical-significance-of-high-risk-human-papillomavirus-and-invasive-gene-in-cervical-carcinoma
#4
Zhai Lu, Hua Chen, Xiao-Mei Zheng, Man-Ling Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the expression of E6 and E7 mRNA in high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) HPV-18 and the relationship between the expression of invasive gene and cervical carcinoma. METHODS: A total of 119 patients with cervical cancer, cervical erosion and cervical HPV infection who were diagnosed in our hospital were selected and randomly divided into two groups: cervical cancer group (n = 58) and non-cancerous group (n = 61). Another 60 patients with uterine leiomyoma were selected as normal control group...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237488/healthcare-workers-knowledge-towards-zika-virus-infection-in-indonesia-a-survey-in-aceh
#5
Harapan Harapan, Alma Aletta, Samsul Anwar, Abdul M Setiawan, Reza Maulana, Nur Wahyuniati, Muhammad R Ramadana, Sotianingsih Haryanto, Alfonso J Rodríguez-Morales, Kurnia F Jamil
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge on Zika virus infection among healthcare providers (doctors) in Aceh province, Indonesia. METHODS: A self-administered internet based survey was conducted from 3 May to 3 June 2016 among the members of doctor organizations in Aceh province. A set of validated, pre-tested questionnaire was used to measure knowledge regarding Zika infection and to collect a range of explanatory variables. A two-steps logistic regression analysis was employed to assess the association of participants' demographic, workplace characteristics and other explanatory variables with the knowledge...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237487/hsp70-inhibitor-combined-with-cisplatin-suppresses-the-cervical-cancer-proliferation-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-transplanted-tumor-growth-an-experimental-study
#6
Jian Liu, Jing Liu, Su-Yang Guo, Hong-Li Liu, Sheng-Ze Li
OBJECTIVE: To study the regulating effect of HSP70 inhibitor (PES) combined with cisplatin on cervical cancer proliferation in vitro and transplanted tumor growth. METHODS: Cervical cancer Hela cell lines were cultured and divided into control group, cisplatin group, PES group and cisplatin + PES group that were treated with serum-free DMEM, cisplatin with final concentration of 10 μmol/L, PES 20 μmol/L and cisplatin 10 μmol/L combined with PES with 20 μmol/L, respectively; animal models with cervical cancer xenografts were established and divided into control group, cisplatin group, PES group and cisplatin + PES group who received intra-tumor injection of normal saline, 10 μmol/L cisplatin, 20 μmol/L PES as well as 10 μmol/L cisplatin + 20 μmol/L PES, respectively...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237486/targeted-inhibition-of-notch1-gene-enhances-the-killing-effects-of-paclitaxel-on-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells
#7
Yu-Fu Zhou, Qian Sun, Ya-Jun Zhang, Geng-Ming Wang, Bin He, Tao Qi, Yan Zhou, Xing-Wang Li, Sheng Li, Lin He
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of targeted inhibition of Notch1 gene on the killing effects of paclitaxel on triple negative breast cancer cells. METHODS: The triple negative [estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2)] breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 and ER/PR/HER-2-positive breast cancer cell line MCF-7 were cultured, transfected with Notch1-siRNA-overexpression plasmid and blank plasmid, and treated with different concentrations of paclitaxel, and then the cell proliferation activity and apoptosis rate as well as the mRNA expression of Caspase-3, Caspase-9 and Bcl-2 were determined...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237485/effect-of-curcumin-on-expressions-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAbp65-tnf-%C3%AE-and-il-8-in-placental-tissue-of-premature-birth-of-infected-mice
#8
Yan-Zi Guo, Ping He, Ai-Min Feng
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of curcumin on expressions of nuclear transcription factor-kappa Bp65 (NF-κBp65), TNF-α and IL-8 in placental tissue of premature birth of infected mice induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: A total of 60 C57BL/6 mice pregnant with 15 d were collected and randomly divided into control group, model group, treatment group and preventative group. LPS was repeatedly injected in abdominal cavity to construct infected premature birth model, while mice of control group were given with 100 mg/kg of vitamin C through abdominal cavity injection and mice of treatment group and preventative group were given curcumin of 100 mg/kg through abdominal cavity injection after modeling operation and before 1 d of modeling operation, respectively...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237484/viral-co-infections-among-children-with-confirmed-measles-at-hospitals-in-hanoi-vietnam-2014
#9
Le Khanh Nguyen Hang, Loan Phuong Do, Thanh Thi Trieu Van, Son Vu Nguyen, Phuong Vu Mai Hoang, Hien Thi Pham, Thanh Thi Le, Huong Thi Thu Tran, Cuong Duc Vuong, Thi Quynh Le Mai
OBJECTIVE: To characterize viral co-infections among representative hospitalized measles cases during the 2014 Hanoi outbreak. METHODS: Throat swabs were collected from 54 pediatric patients with confirmed measles, and molecular diagnostics performed for 10 additional viral respiratory pathogens (Influenza A/H1N1pdm09; A/H3N2 and influenza B; Parainfluenza 1, 2, 3; Respiratory Synctial Virus, RSV; human Metapneumovirus, hMPV; Adenovirus and Picornavirus). RESULTS: Twenty-one cases (38...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237483/phylogenetic-analysis-reveals-cryptic-species-diversity-within-minute-intestinal-fluke-stellantchasmus-falcatus-onji-and-nishio-1916-trematoda-heterophyidae
#10
Chalobol Wongsawad, Nattawadee Nantarat, Pheravut Wongsawad
OBJECTIVE: To examine the taxonomic boundaries in the Stellantchasmus populations in different hosts and reveal the cryptic speciation of the Stellantchasmus in Thailand based on both morphological and molecular approaches. METHODS: Stellantchasmus falcatus (S. falcatus) s.l. was collected from different hosts throughout Thailand. The worms were examined and measured. The nuclear ITS2 gene and the mitochondrial COI gene were used to investigate the S. falcatus s...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237482/effects-of-the-hydro-ethanolic-extract-of-marrubium-vulgare-in-female-rats
#11
Rim Aouni, Mossadok Ben Attia, Mohamed Habib Jaafoura, Amina Bibi-Derbel, Mustapha Haouari
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of ethanol-water (80:20) extract of Marrubium vulgare (M. vulgare) on the hematological parameters, macroscopic and histological aspects of the uterus and fetus in non-pregnant and pregnant rats. METHODS: Female rats were divided into 4 equal groups (n = 9), group N (normal rats) and group G (pregnant rats) considered as control groups, group NE (normal rats treated with the ethanol-water (80:20, v/v) extract of M. vulgare) and group GE (pregnant rats treated with the extract)...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237481/20-hydroxyecdysone-from-dacrycarpus-imbricatus-bark-inhibits-the-proliferation-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-cells
#12
Trinh Thi Thuy, Nguyen Thanh Tam, Nguyen Thi Hoang Anh, Dang Viet Hau, Dinh Thi Phong, Le Quoc Thang, Sabrina Adorisio, Tran Van Sung, Domenico V Delfino
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anti-proliferative effects of 20-hydroxyecdysone isolated from the bark of Dacrycarpus imbricatus (Blume) de Laub. METHODS: Column chromatography was used for isolation of compounds from plant material. The structure of the isolated compound was identified by mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance techniques, including HSQC, HMBC, NOE-difference experiments. The isolated compound was tested for its anti-proliferative activity in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and OCI-AML cells...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237480/preventive-and-therapeutic-effect-of-simvastatin-on-secondary-inflammatory-damage-of-rats-with-cerebral-hemorrhage
#13
Hong-Xia Zhou, Ling-Huan Gao, Ling-Li Meng, Yu-Xin Zhang, Zi-Feng Wei, Dao-Wen Si
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the preventive and therapeutic effect and mechanism of simvastatin on secondary inflammatory damage of rats with cerebral hemorrhage. METHODS: Sixty SD rat aged 9-12 weeks were chosen and divided into the control group, model group and simvastatin-treated group randomly with 20 rats in each group. Rats in the model group and simvastatin-treated group were infused with autologous fresh uncoagulated blood to the right brain tissue of the basal ganglia to build the cerebral hemorrhage model, while rats in the control group were treated with the same amount of normal saline...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237479/sevoflurane-pretreatment-inhibits-the-myocardial-apoptosis-caused-by-hypoxia-reoxygenation-through-ampk-pathway-an-experimental-study
#14
Zhao-Ying Liu, Shun-Peng Hu, Qing-Rong Ji, Hai-Bo Yang, Dong-Hao Zhou, Fang-Fang Wu
OBJECTIVE: To study whether sevoflurane pretreatment inhibits the myocardial apoptosis caused by hypoxia reoxygenation through AMPK pathway. METHODS: H9c2 myocardial cell lines were cultured and divided into control group (C group), hypoxia reoxygenation group (H/R group), sevoflurane pretreatment + hypoxia reoxygenation group (SP group) and sevoflurane combined with Compound C pretreatment + hypoxia reoxygenation group (ComC group), and the cell proliferation activity and apoptosis rate, myocardial enzyme levels in culture medium as well as the expression of apoptosis genes and p-AMPK in cells were determined...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237478/anti-inflammatory-evaluation-and-acute-toxicity-of-three-food-supplements-that-contain-moussonia-deppeana
#15
Gabriel Alfonso Gutiérrez-Rebolledo, Mariana Zuleima Pérez-González, Alejandro Zamilpa, María Adelina Jiménez-Arellanes
OBJECTIVE: To identify the anti-inflammatory activity through two murine models and in the median Lethal Dose (LD50) of three dietary supplements that contain Moussonia deppeana. METHODS: The anti-inflammatory activity of three dietary supplements (Cicatrisan/Gastricus(®), Gastinol(®), and Gastrovita(®)) EtOH extracts was evaluated by TPA and by carrageenan murine models; also, median Lethal Dose (LD50) was determined. Verbascoside was quantified by High-Performance Liquid Chromatography...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237477/a-cross-sectional-study-into-the-correlation-of-common-household-risk-factors-and-allergic-rhinitis-in-taiwan-s-tropical-environment
#16
Yu-Hao Wang, Yu-Chieh Wang, Pi-Hsiung Wu, Lan Hsu, Chung-Yang Wang, Chung-Ren Jan, Hsing-Hao Su
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the effect of lesser-known potential risk factors, such as bedroom showers, on the prevalence of allergic rhinitis. METHOD: A cross-sectional, population-based study was performed using both survey and fungal culturing in southern Taiwan. There were 998 participants enrolled in the survey, and 513 sets of fungal culture obtained. With score for allergic rhinitis (SFAR) more than 7, the patient was defined to have allergic rhinitis. Risks of allergic rhinitis were calculated as odds ratios for various predicted risk factors by logistic regression...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237476/effects-of-albendazole-artesunate-praziquantel-and-miltefosine-on-opisthorchis-viverrini-cercariae-and-mature-metacercariae
#17
Phornphitcha Pechdee, Monticha Chaiyasaeng, Chanisala Sereewong, Jukkrid Chaiyos, Apiporn Suwannatrai, Sutee Wongmaneeprateep, Smarn Tesana
OBJECTIVE: To explore larvicidal effects of anthelmintic drugs on Opisthorchis viverrini (O. viverrini) for alternative approach to interrupting its cycle for developing a field-based control program. METHODS: The larvicidal activities of albendazole (Al), artesunate (Ar), praziquantel (Pzq) and miltefosine (Mf) on O. viverrini cercariae and mature metacercariae were investigated. Lethal concentrations (LC50 and LC95) of these drugs were determined. Mature metacercariae previously exposed to various concentrations of the drugs were administered to hamsters...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237475/natural-variability-of-essential-oil-and-antioxidants-in-the-medicinal-plant-turnera-diffusa
#18
Ana Lucía Urbizu-González, Octelina Castillo-Ruiz, Guillermo Cristian Guadalupe Martínez-Ávila, Jorge Ariel Torres-Castillo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in yield and composition of the essential oil and antioxidant contents in Turnera diffusa plants from localities in central region of Tamaulipas. METHODS: Samples were collected in Tamaulipas, Mexico in the arid zone. Essential oil was obtained through steam distillation and analyzed using GC-MS. Polyphenol contents, antioxidant activities using ABTS and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) methods also were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 21 compounds were identified in the essential oils; nevertheless, only Eucalyptol, 1,4-Methanocycloocta[d]pyridazine, 1,4,4a,5,6,9,10,10a-octahydro-11,11-dimethyl-, (1à,4à,4aà,10aà) y Ethanone, 1-(1,3-dimethyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl) were detected in the three sites...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237474/neuroprotective-activity-of-two-active-chemical-constituents-from-tinospora-hainanensis
#19
Dao-Rui Yu, Li-Ping Ji, Tao Wang, Xi-Nan Yi, Guo-Hui Yi, Tong He, Yong-Xiao Cao, En-Wu Long, Qi-Bing Liu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the chemical structure of the new compound and investigate the protective effects of Tinosporaic acid A and B towards in-vitro neuro. METHODS: The structures of two new compounds were established by analyzing its 1D and 2D NMR spectra as well as HRESIMS. Their neuroprotective effects with respect to the antioxidant properties were evaluated by radical scavenging tests and hydrogen peroxide-injured oxidative stress model in PC12 cell lines...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237473/phytochemical-and-ethnopharmacological-review-of-elephantorrhiza-goetzei-harms-harms
#20
REVIEW
Alfred Maroyi
Elephantorrhiza goetzei (E. goetzei) commonly known as Goetze's elephantorrhiza, is traditionally used as a decoction in the treatment of a variety of conditions such as pain, sores, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), gastro-intestinal disorders, microbial infections and genito-urinary system disorders. On the basis of its wide distribution in south central Africa, E. goetzei has a long history of applications among the different ethnic groups. A total of 23 ethnomedicinal uses of E. goetzei are documented in this study from 62...
February 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
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