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Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine

Hany M Ibrahim, Azza H Mohamed, Ahmed A El-Sharaawy, Hend E El-Shqanqery
OBJECTIVE: To investigate molecular and serological prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) in pregnant women and sheep in Egypt. METHODS: Blood samples collected from healthy 364 pregnant women and 170 sheep were investigated for T. gondii antibodies and parasitemia using highly specific and sensitive surface antigen (TgSAG2) based enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and real time-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). RESULTS: Overall prevalence of T...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Hesham M Al-Mekhlafi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of Giardia infection among rural communities among rural communities in Yemen. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 605 stool samples were collected and screened for the presence of Giardia duodenalis (G. duodenalis) cysts and/or trophozoites by using three different diagnostic methods: direct smear, formalin-ether sedimentation, and trichrome staining. A pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect information on the demographic, socioeconomic, behavioural and environmental characteristics of the participants...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Alireza Sanei Dehkordi, Yaser Salim Abadi, Hasan Nasirian, Teymour Hazratian, Mohammad Amin Gorouhi, Saideh Yousefi, Azim Paksa
OBJECTIVE: To determine the synergists action of piperonyl butoxide (PBO) and S,S,S-tributyl phosphorotrithioate (DEF) on toxicity of carbamate insecticides against Blattella germanica in Tehran city. METHODS: In the current study, German cockroach strains were collected from several hospitals and dormitories in Tehran. At the beginning, different concentrations of bendiocarb and carbaryl (insecticides belong to carbamate group) were determined by surface contact on a susceptible strain...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Soukaina El-Guendouz, Noori Al-Waili, Smail Aazza, Youssef Elamine, Soumia Zizi, Thia Al-Waili, Ali Al-Waili, Badiaa Lyoussi
OBJECTIVE: To study the antioxidant properties of Capparis spinosa (C. spinosa) honey and propolis and the effect of combined honey and propolis administration on urine volume and electrolytes in rats. METHODS: C. spinosa honey [1000 mg/kg body weight (b.wt)], propolis (100 mg/kg b.wt), honey/propolis mixture (C. spinosa honey 1000 mg/kg b.wt/ propolis extract 100 mg/kg b.wt ), distilled water (1 mL/kg b.wt) and furosemide (10 mg/kg b.wt) were orally administered to five groups of rats for 21 d...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Rakia Saidi, Lamia Khanous, Safa Khadim Allah, Besma Hamdi, Ali Ayadi, Mohamed Damak, Hayet Hammami, Raoudha Mezghani-Jarraya
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of anemonin and Clematis flammula (C. flammula) extracts against infective organisms. METHODS: The molluscicidal activities of anemonin and C. flammula extracts against Galba truncatula Müll. (Lymnaeidae) and Fasciola hepatica larval stages contaminating this snail in Tunisia were assessed by testing six groups of snails in 250 mL of extracts and aqueous dechlorinated solutions with different concentrations (ranging from 2...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Roya Karamian, Mostafa Asadbegy, Siamak Yari
OBJECTIVE: To investigate nephroprotective potential of Meristotropis xanthioides (M. xanthioides) extract against ethanol-induced nephrotoxicity in Wistar rats, and also its total phenolics content, antioxidant and antibacterial activities. METHODS: Total phenol and flavonoid amounts of the leaf and stem extracts were determined by Folin-Ciocalteu and aluminum chloride reagents, respectively. Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of the extracts were investigated by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging and disc diffusion methods, respectively...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Bishnu Prasad Pandey, Rupak Thapa, Anil Upreti
OBJECTIVE: To identify the chemical constituents and biological activities of essential oil and crude methanol extract of Artemisia vulgaris (A. vulgaris) and Gaultheria fragrantissima (G. fragrantissima). METHODS: Phytochemical screening, total phenolic and flavonoid content, antibacterial activities, anti-oxidant assay of the crude extract were carried out to identify the biological activities and phytonutrients present in the extract. Furthermore, the chemical constituents present in the essential oil and crude methanol extract were analyzed using gas chromatography mass spectroscopy and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Tereza de Jesus Pinheiro Gomes Bandeira, Débora de Souza Collares Maia Castelo-Branco, Marcos Fábio Gadelha Rocha, Rossana de Aguiar Cordeiro, Crister José Ocadaque, Manoel de Araújo Neto Paiva, Raimunda Sâmia Nogueira Brilhante, José Júlio Costa Sidrim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the genetic diversity of clinical and environmental isolates of Burkholderia pseudomallei (B. pseudomallei) recovered in Ceará, Brazil, and screen these isolates for the presence of type three secretion system virulence gene. METHODS: Nineteen B. pseudomallei isolates (9 from clinical cases and 10 from soils) were analyzed. Random amplified polymorphic DNA was performed with primers OPQ-2, OPQ-4 and OPQ-16 to evaluate the genetic diversity, and type three secretion system gene was detected through polymerase chain reaction...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Zulfia Hussain, Junaid Ali Khan
Regulation of blood glucose levels and body fat is critical for survival. Leptin circulates freely in blood and controls body weight and food intake mainly through hypothalamic receptors and regulates glucose metabolism in the liver both directly through leptin receptors and indirectly via the hypothalamic receptors of central nervous system. Leptin affects food intake regulation and eventually glucose metabolism, lipometabolism, endocrine and immune functions, reproductive function, adipose tissue metabolism and energy expenditure...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Md Rajdoula Rafe
Plants are used traditionally throughout the globe to treat various diseases. Traditionally used medicinal plants are an essential part of the health sector in Bangladesh due to its abundance of a vast source of ethno-medicine. Rural people from developing country like Bangladesh are greatly dependent on traditional source of medicine. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is increasing from recent years; therefore various researches are going on to discover better medicine to treat this disease. This study has focused on five plants which are Andrographis paniculata, Ageratum conyzoides, Swertia chirata, Terminalia arjuna, and Azadirachta indica to find out their traditional formulation as anti-diabetic medicine and their pharmacological activity has also been explored through literature search...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Suryadi N N Tatura, Stefanus Gunawan, Janno Bernadus, Sianne Sandjoto
In Indonesia, there are at least 1.3 million cases of malaria each year and Plasmodium falciparum appears to be the most common Plasmodium. The finding of Plasmodium is important for the diagnosis and management of malaria. This is a case of a 4-year-and-9-month-old male who lived in Manado, East Indonesia. He presented with a prolonged fever, was pale in appearance, and was easily fatigued over the last 3 weeks. Hepato-splenomegaly was found on the initial physical examination. Preliminary laboratory findings found pancytopenia and severe anemia...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Guang-Xian Wang, Lan-Lan Liu, Li Wen, Yun-Xing Cao, Yu-Chun Pei, Dong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To identify the morphological parameters that are related to intracranial aneurysms (IAs) rupture using a case-control model. METHODS: A total of 107 patients with multiple IAs and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage between August 2011 and February 2017 were enrolled in this study. Characteristics of IAs location, shape, neck width, perpendicular height, depth, maximum size, flow angle, parent vessel diameter (PVD), aspect ratio (AR) and size ratio (SR) were evaluated using CT angiography...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Jun-Chao Fan, Jun-Jie Song, Ying Wang, Ying Chen, Dao-Xian Hong
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the neuron-protective effect and possible mechanism of subanesthestic-dosage ketamine on Parkinson's disease mice induced by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine. METHODS: A total of 30 mice were divided equally into three groups, model control group (MC group), ketamine treatment group (KT group), and blank control group (BC group), respectively. The Parkinson's disease mice of MC group and KT groups were established by 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (20 mg/kg/d), while mice in KT group were treated by intraperitoneal injection of subanesthestic-dosage ketamine (8 mg/kg)...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Ibrar Rafique, Muhammad Arif Nadeem Saqib, Muhammad Arif Munir, Huma Qureshi, Ijaz-Ul-Haq Taseer, Rizwan Iqbal, Waqaruddin Ahmed, Tasleem Akhtar, Rizwanullah
OBJECTIVE: To determine the asymptomatic dengue infection in adults of Pakistani population. METHODS: This study was conducted in five major cities (Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Multan, and Peshawar) of Pakistan. A total of 5 230 adults aged 18 years and above without a history of dengue fever at any point in their life were enrolled from participating laboratories. Those who were confirmed for dengue previously were excluded. Of the total, 62.6% (n = 3 276) were male with an average age of 34...
October 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Henok A Tegegne, Ivana Koláčková, Renata Karpíšková
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diversity and molecular characteristics of livestock associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in livestock animals, food of animal origin and the environment in the Czech Republic. METHODS: After having been primarily enriched in buffered peptone water, the samples were cultured on Baird-Parker agar. Presumptive colonies were sub-cultured to blood agar and assessed morphologically. Furthermore, presumptive Staphylococcus aureus colonies were confirmed by MALDI-TOF...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
A K M Muraduzzaman, Sharmin Sultana, Tahmina Shirin, Selina Khatun, MdTarikul Islam, Mahmudur Rahman
OBJECTIVE: To explore the presence of Zika virus (ZIKV) in Bangladesh and to understand the associated risk factors. METHODS: A retrospective sero-surveillance was performed on stored serum samples of dengue surveillance conducted from 2013 to 2016. Real time RT-PCR was performed on randomly selected acute serum samples to detect the Zika virus nucleic acid. RESULTS: Of 200 samples screened, one was found positive for ZIKV by real time RT-PCR and further confirmed by genome sequencing...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Wen-Bo Cheng, Dong Li, Qin Yang, Yue-Mei Hou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between basal ganglia cerebral infarction and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) caused by abnormal vagus nerve tension. METHODS: A total of 1483 cases of elder patients with cerebral infarction who received head CT or MRI examination during the period were enrolled, including 830 male and 613 female, with the average age as 78 years. These cases were divided into basal infarction ganglia group (n = 1045) and non-basal ganglia infarction group (n = 438) according to the anatomic site of cerebral infarction...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Xiao-Ping Huang, Yan Wang, Li Chen, Wei Sun, Yan Huang, Ying Xu, Ting-Ting Feng, Er-Ping Luo, Ai-Lan Qin, Wei-Feng Zhao, Jian-He Gan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the serum Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) level in Acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) and determine its predicative value for infection. METHODS: From April 2014 to April 2015, ninety-one patients with hepatitis B virus and ACLF but without infection were enrolled into this prospective study that was carried out at our Hospital. Twenty patients with stable chronic hepatitis B were enrolled from the outpatient department and twenty healthy control subjects without any disease were enrolled from hospital staff...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Tuan Tran Trong, Dieu-Hien Truong, Hoang Chinh Nguyen, Dieu-Thai Tran, Huyen-Trang Nguyen Thi, Giap Do Dang, Ho Nguyen Huu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of plant growth regulators including kinetin (KN), benzyl adenine and naphthalene acetic acid, yeast extract and casein hydrolyzate on biomass accumulation of Vietnamese ginseng Panax vietnamensis (P. vietnamensis) in cell suspension culture. METHODS: Cell suspension cultures were established from friable calluses derived from leaves and petioles of 3-year-old in-vitro P. vietnamensis plants. The cell suspension cultures were grown in Murashige and Skoog basal media supplemented with various concentrations of KN, benzyl adenine, naphthalene acetic acid, and yeast extract and casein hydrolyzate...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Meryem Bakour, Noori Al-Waili, Redouan El-Haskoury, Nawal El-Menyiy, Thia Al-Waili, Ali Al-Waili, Badiaa Lyoussi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diuretic, hypotensive and renal effect of Opuntia ficus-indica in two different species in oral and intravenous administration. METHODS: Diuretic activity was evaluated in rats with the plant cladode gel and aqueous extract administrated orally, and was evaluated in rabbits with plant extract administered intravenously. Single and repeated doses of cladode gel or aqueous extract of cladode were tested. Urine volume and blood and urine creatinine, sodium and potassium were measured, and creatinine clearance was calculated...
September 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
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