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Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725189/definity-contrast-artifact-in-transcranial-doppler-emboli-monitoring
#1
Ramnath Santosh Ramanathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725188/beware-of-phenytoin-self-harm-in-children
#2
Varun Kumar Singh, Jayantee Kalita, Usha Kant Misra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725187/preeruptive-unilateral-cerebellar-ataxia-in-an-immunocompetent-adult-a-rare-case-of-varicella
#3
Chen Fei Ng, Beng Hooi Ong, Hui Jan Tan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725186/cranial-gravitational-falling-bullet-injuries-point-of-view
#4
Husain A Abdali, Samer S Hoz, Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725185/transitioning-from-bipolar-ii-to-bipolar-i-disorder-in-late-life-implications-for-practice
#5
Ashvini Vengadavaradan, Gopinath Sathyanarayanan, Vikas Menon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725184/curriculum-discrepancy-in-rural-practice-of-neurosurgery
#6
Sina Abdollahzade
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725183/dihydroergotamine-complicating-reversible-cerebral-vasoconstriction-syndrome-in-status-migrainosus
#7
Naresh Mullaguri, Madihah Hepburn, Christopher Ryan Newey, Premkumar Chandrasekharan Nattanmai
Reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) is a clinicoradiological syndrome that occurs due to dysfunction of cerebrovascular autoregulation. It is characterized by recurrent thunderclap headache from cerebral vasoconstriction which can cause ischemic infarction, spontaneous intraparenchymal and subarachnoid hemorrhage. This syndrome can be triggered by a variety of etiologies including medications, infectious, and inflammatory conditions. The diagnosis is often delayed due to unawareness among the health-care providers and delayed neuroimaging evidence of vasoconstriction with or without ischemic and/or hemorrhagic infarction...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725182/repeated-peritoneal-catheter-blockage-caused-by-neurocysticercosis-following-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-for-hydrocephalus
#8
Zhi Hua Li, Zhong Quan Wang, Jing Cui, Fu You Guo
Cerebral cysticercosis is common, but the possibility for repeated occurrence of peritoneal catheter blockage caused by neurocysticercosis (NCC) after two revisions following ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement for hydrocephalus is unusual. Herein, we describe one rare case in which peritoneal catheter revision was performed two times unsuccessfully. Endoscopic cysternostomy rather than peritoneal catheter adjustment was performed successfully, and histopathological examination of excised cystic samples confirmed NCC in our hospital...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725181/supratentorial-pure-cortical-ependymoma-an-unusual-lesion-causing-focal-motor-aware-seizure
#9
Manish Beniwal, Ajit Mishra, K V L Narasinga Rao, Vikas Vazhayil, Bevinahalli N Nandeesh, Sampath Somanna
Ependymomas usually arise from the ependymal lining cells of the ventricular system and central canal of the spinal cord. Supratentorial ependymoma is a rare entity with the variable clinical course. In a small number of cases, ependymoma arises from supratentorial parenchyma. Only a few cases are reported in the literature. We report a case of 3-year-old girl with left frontal mass. Total removal of the mass lesion was performed without any neurological deficit. Pathological examination of the excised tumor was consistent with anaplastic ependymoma...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725180/rare-cranial-nerve-schwannomas-a-retrospective-review-of-nontrigeminal-nonvestibular-cranial-nerve-schwannomas
#10
Harsh Deora, Dwarakanath Srinivas, Manish Beniwal, V Vikas, K V L N Rao, Sampath Somanna
Introduction: Intracranial schwannomas arising from non-trigeminal and non-vestibular sources are extremely rare constituting <0.8% of all schwannomas. In this article, we have analyzed our experience in the management of these rare tumors over a 10-year period. Material and Methods: There were a total of 16 cases, with 11 of them undergoing microsurgical resection and 5 undergoing stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). Results: There were no fresh neurological deficit in any of these patients and two patients underwent postoperative SRS for residual tumor...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725179/diagonal-earlobe-crease-revealing-intracranial-atherosclerosis
#11
Oscar H Del Brutto, Aldo F Costa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725178/bedside-ultrasonography-as-an-alternative-to-computed-tomography-scan-for-the-measurement-of-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter
#12
Uday Yanamandra, Amul Gupta, Sushma Yanamandra, Subrat Kumar Das, Sagarika Patyal, Velu Nair
Background: Optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) as measured by optic nerve sheath ultrasonography (ONSU) is used as a surrogate marker of intracranial pressure (ICP), especially in resource-limited settings. There is a growing interest in the use of ONSU in emergency and high-altitude setups. Notwithstanding multiple studies done on this subject, there is a paucity of data regarding standardization of techniques and comparison of ONSU with computed tomography (CT). Materials and Methods: Thirty-five patients with a diagnosis of high-altitude cerebral edema were enrolled in the study...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725177/involvement-of-the-spinal-cord-in-mitochondrial-disorders
#13
REVIEW
Josef Finsterer, Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub
This review aims at summarising and discussing the current status concerning the clinical presentation, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of spinal cord affection in mitochondrial disorders (MIDs). A literature search using the database Pubmed was carried out by application of appropriate search terms and their combinations. Involvement of the spinal cord in MIDs is more frequent than anticipated. It occurs in specific and non-specific MIDs. Among the specific MIDs it has been most frequently described in LBSL, LS, MERRF, KSS, IOSCA, MIRAS, and PCH and only rarely in MELAS, CPEO, and LHON...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725176/clinical-outcomes-of-endovascular-thrombectomy-in-tissue-plasminogen-activator-versus-non-tissue-plasminogen-activator-patients-at-primary-stroke-care-centers
#14
Gregory Imbarrato, Joshua Bentley, Ajeet Gordhan
Background: The effect of intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (IV tPA) administration before endovascular intervention as compared to without at thrombectomy-capable low-volume centers on procedural aspects and patient outcomes has not been investigated. Methods: Retrospective chart review was performed in all consecutive large vessel cerebrovascular accident patients treated with endovascular therapy at two select rural primary stroke centers between 2011 and 2015...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725175/the-conundrum-of-ventricular-dilatations-following-decompressive-craniectomy-is-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-the-only-panacea
#15
Raja K Kutty, Sunilkumar Balakrishnan Sreemathyamma, Jyothish Sivanandapanicker, Prasanth Asher, Rajmohan Bhanu Prabhakar, Anilkumar Peethambaran, Gnanaseelan Kanakamma Libu
Introduction: Ventriculomegaly and hydrocephalus (HCP) are sometimes a bewildering sequela of decompressive craniectomy (DC). The distinguishing criteria between both are less well defined. Majority of the studies quoted in the literature have defined HCP radiologically, rather than considering the clinical status of the patient. Accordingly, these patients have been treated with permanent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion procedures. We hypothesize that asymptomatic ventriculomegaly following DC should undergo aspiration with cranioplasty and be followed up regularly...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725174/clinico-radiologic-profile-of-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-in-western-rajasthan
#16
Pawan Kumar Dara, Manish Parakh, Shyama Choudhary, Hemant Jangid, Priyanka Kumari, Satyendra Khichar
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate clinico-radiological profile and outcome of pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI). Design: Prospective observational study. Setting: Intensive Care Unit, ward and OPD of Pediatrics, Dr. S. N. Medical College, Jodhpur (tertiary care hospital). Participants: A total of 188 children (1 month-18 years) were enrolled and 108 admitted. Intervention: TBI classified as mild, moderate, or severe TBI...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725173/obsessive-compulsive-inventory-revised-factor-structure-reliability-validity-and-suicide-risk-screening-characteristics-among-nigerian-patients-with-schizophrenia
#17
Tolulope Opakunle, Olutayo Aloba, Adesanmi Akinsulore, Olubukola Opakunle, Femi Fatoye
Objective: This study attempted to explore the feasibility of use of the 18-item Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised (OCI-R) as a subjective suicide risk assessment tool in a cross-sectional sample of Nigerian patients with schizophrenia. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and thirty-two outpatients with schizophrenia were recruited from the mental health clinic of a university teaching hospital in Southwestern Nigeria. They completed the OCI-R in addition to the Social and Occupational Functioning Assessment Scale, the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale, and a sociodemographic and illness-related questionnaire...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725172/clinical-profile-of-parkinson-s-disease-experience-of-niger
#18
Hamid Assadeck, Moussa Toudou Daouda, Fatimata Hassane Djibo, Djibo Douma Maiga, Eric Adehossi Omar
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic neurodegenerative pathology with unknown etiology. It is characterized clinically by the classic triad that associated tremors, bradykinesia, and rigidity. In Niger, there are no data on PD. Aims: We aimed to provide the demographic and clinical profile of PD in patients from Niger to create a database on PD in Niger. Patients and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study at the Neurology Outpatient Clinic of the Hôpital National de Niamey (HNN, Niger) over a period of 4...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725171/does-metabolic-syndrome-determine-severity-and-disability-of-chronic-low-backache
#19
Jayantee Kalita, Kamlesh Kumar Sonkar, Usha Kant Misra, Sanjeev K Bhoi
Introduction: Obesity may be associated with more severe and disabling low backache (LBA) due to alteration in biomechanics, but there are no such studies from developing countries. Aims: We report the frequency of metabolic syndrome (MS) in chronic LBA (CLBA) and its association with severity and disability of CLBA. Subjects and Methods: Consecutive patients with CLBA attending to the neurology service from October 2015 to February 2016 were included in the study...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725170/changing-pattern-of-childhood-epidemic-cerebrospinal-meningitis-in-north-western-nigeria
#20
Sani Mado, Ibrahim Aliyu, Rabiu Murtala
Introduction: Nigeria lies within the meningitis belt which extends from the Gambia, Senegal through Nigeria to Eritrea; however, outbreaks have been shown to extend further south involving countries such as Angola and Namibia. Epidemic outbreaks are often recorded every 8-12 years averaging in a 10 yearly circle however endemic cases still occurs. Materials and Methods: The study was retrospective; all results of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples of children with cases of meningitis from January 2010 to December 2010 were collected from the register of the microbiology laboratory of General Hospital Gusau...
April 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
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