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Anesthesiology Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973954/ultrasound-guided-combined-interscalene-cervical-plexus-block-for-surgical-anesthesia-in-clavicular-fractures-a-retrospective-observational-study
#1
Onur Balaban, Turan Cihan Dülgeroğlu, Tayfun Aydın
Objective: We aim to report our experiences regarding the implementation of the ultrasound-guided combined interscalene-cervical plexus block (CISCB) technique as a sole anesthesia method in clavicular fracture repair surgery. Materials and Methods: Charts of patients, who underwent clavicular fracture surgery through this technique, were reviewed retrospectively. We used an in-plane ultrasound-guided single-insertion, double-injection combined interscalene-cervical plexus block technique...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973953/comment-on-pregabalin-effect-on-acute-and-chronic-pain-after-cardiac-surgery
#2
COMMENT
Elena Theodorou, Evagelia Bali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887886/anesthesiologists-preferences-regarding-visitor-presence-during-placement-of-neuraxial-labor-analgesia
#3
Sangeeta Kumaraswami, Suryanarayana Pothula, Mario Anthony Inchiosa, Keshar Paul Kubal, Micah Alexander Burns
Introduction: Neuraxial labor analgesia has become an integral part of modern obstetric anesthetic practice. Presence of a familiar person during its placement may be beneficial to the patient. A survey was sent to anesthesiologists practicing obstetric anesthesia in the USA to determine their views. Methods: The survey queried the following: existence of a written policy; would they allow a visitor; visitor's view, sitting or standing; reasons to allow or not allow a visitor; and influence by other staff on the decision...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29853872/job-satisfaction-and-associated-factors-among-anesthetists-working-in-amhara-national-regional-state-northwest-ethiopia-may-2017-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#4
Demeke Yilkal Fentie, Henos Enyew Ashagrie, Habtamu Getinet Kasahun
Background: Job satisfaction is an important determinant of health staff's motivation, retention, and performance. Difficulties in critical decision-making and problems with lack of respect and recognition lead to lower job satisfaction level among anesthetists. It leads to high turnover intention, dropout from the profession, burnout, impaired health status of anesthetists, and lower work performance. Objective: The aim of this multicenter cross-sectional study was to assess the level of job satisfaction and associated factors among anesthetists working in Amhara National Regional State...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29853871/postoperative-respiratory-impairment-is-a-real-risk-for-our-patients-the-intensivist-s-perspective
#5
REVIEW
Vidya K Rao, Ashish K Khanna
Postoperative respiratory impairment occurs as a result of a combination of patient, surgical, and management factors and contributes to both surgical and anesthetic risk. This complication is challenging to predict and has been associated with an increase in mortality and hospital length of stay. There is mounting evidence to suggest that patients remain vulnerable to respiratory impairment well into the postoperative period, with the vast majority of adverse events occurring during the first 24 hours following discharge from anesthesia care...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849609/disparity-between-high-satisfaction-and-severe-pain-in-patients-after-caesarean-section-a-prospective-observational-controlled-investigation
#6
Thomas Hesse, Andreas Julich, James Paul, Klaus Hahnenkamp, Taras I Usichenko
Objectives: Recent advances in the treatment of postoperative pain (POP) have increased the quality of life in surgical patients. The aim of this study was to examine the quality of POP management in patients after CS in comparison with patients after comparable surgical procedures. Methods: This was a prospective observational analysis in patients after CS in comparison with the patients of the same age, who underwent comparable abdominal gynaecological surgeries (GS group) at the university hospital...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849608/transient-neurologic-symptoms-following-spinal-anesthesia-with-isobaric-mepivacaine-a-decade-of-experience-at-toronto-western-hospital
#7
Ashwin Sankar, Minou Behboudi, Faraj W Abdallah, Alan Macfarlane, Richard Brull
Background: Transient neurologic symptoms (TNSs) can be distressing for patients and providers following uneventful spinal anesthesia. Spinal mepivacaine may be less commonly associated with TNS than lidocaine; however, reported rates of TNS with intrathecal mepivacaine vary considerably. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study reviewing the internal medical records of surgical patients who underwent mepivacaine spinal anesthesia at Toronto Western Hospital over the last decade to determine the rate of TNS...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849607/herbal-use-among-presurgical-patients-in-turkey-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Fulya Yilmaz, Hazal Ezgi Çifci
Introduction: For centuries before the advent of modern medicine, traditional medicinal plants were the major agents for primary health care. Their use declined in most developed western countries during the last century's industrialization and urbanization. But, the last two decades have witnessed a new resurgence of interest in herbal and alternative medicines. Methods: The survey was conducted at the Anaesthesiology and Reanimation Department of Training and Research Hospital of Health and Science University among patients who had undergone elective surgery between January 1st 2016 and April 1st 2016...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755518/double-barrel-nasal-trumpets-to-prevent-upper-airway-obstruction-after-nasal-and-non-nasal-surgery
#9
Macario Camacho, Justin M Wei, Lauren K Reckley, Sungjin A Song
Objectives: During anesthesia emergence, patients are extubated and the upper airway can become vulnerable to obstruction. Nasal trumpets can help prevent obstruction. However, we have found no manuscript describing how to place nasal trumpets after nasal surgery (septoplasties or septorhinoplasties), likely because (1) the lack of space with nasal splints in place and (2) surgeons may fear that removing the trumpets could displace the splints. The objective of this manuscript is to describe how to place nasal trumpets even with nasal splints in place...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706996/does-the-use-of-nitroglycerin-patch-improve-local-anaesthetic-effects-in-bier-s-block-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#10
Ahmed Said Elgebaly
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the nitroglycerin patch as a new additive to Bier's block and its impact on the effects and dose of lidocaine. Methods: Forty patients of each sex belonging to ASA I or II underwent elective tendon repair surgeries of the forearm and hand. The patients were divided into two equal groups as follows: Group C received only lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg, 0.25%) and Group N received lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg, 0.25%) + 5 mg transcutaneous nitroglycerin patch...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692808/effects-of-tibetan-music-on-neuroendocrine-and-autonomic-functions-in-patients-waiting-for-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Antonella Cotoia, Floriana Dibello, Fiorenzo Moscatelli, Alberto Sciusco, Pietro Polito, Alberto Modolo, Crescenzio Gallo, Giuseppe Cibelli, Gilda Cinnella
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of listening to Tibetan music on anxiety and endocrine, autonomic, cognitive responses in patients waiting for urologic surgery. Methods: Sixty patients waiting for surgery were enrolled to the study. They were randomized in music (M) and control (C) groups. The M group listened to a low-frequency Tibetan music for 30 min (T0 -T30 ) through headphones, and the C group wore headphones with no sound...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692807/absence-of-association-between-preoperative-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rates-and-postoperative-outcomes-following-elective-gastrointestinal-surgeries-a-prospective-cohort-study
#12
Sivesh K Kamarajah, Behrad Barmayehvar, Mustafa Sowida, Amirul Adlan, Christina Reihill, Parvez Ellahee
Background: Preoperative risk stratification and optimising care of patients undergoing elective surgery are important to reduce the risk of postoperative outcomes. Renal dysfunction is becoming increasingly prevalent, but its impact on patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgery is unknown although much evidence is available for cardiac surgery. This study aimed to investigate the impact of preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgeries...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610572/effectiveness-of-bilateral-superficial-cervical-plexus-block-as-part-of-postoperative-analgesia-for-patients-undergoing-thyroidectomy-in-empress-zewditu-memorial-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#13
Zemedu Aweke, Wosenyeleh A Sahile, Sileshi Abiy, Nugusu Ayalew, Adugna A Kassa
Introduction: The pain after thyroid surgery is considered of moderate intensity and short duration. Most trials showed significant reduction in pain intensity and severity of pain in patients for whom bilateral superficial cervical plexus block (BSCPB) was done. Objective: To assess the postoperative analgesic effect of BSCPB for thyroid surgery. Methods: Sixty six euthyroid patients were recruited and assigned to two groups (33 patients each)...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610571/efficacy-of-bilateral-transversus-abdominis-plane-and-ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric-nerve-blocks-for-postcaesarean-delivery-pain-relief-under-spinal-anesthesia
#14
Seid Adem Ahemed, Zewditu Abdissa Denu, Habtamu Getinet Kassahun, Demeke Yilikal Fentie
Background: Caesarean delivery can be associated with considerable postoperative pain. While the benefits of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric (II-IH) nerve blocks on pain after caesarean delivery via Pfannenstiel incision have been demonstrated, no enough investigations on the comparison of these blocks on pain after caesarean delivery have been conducted in our setup. Method: An institutional-based prospective observational cohort study was conducted to compare the analgesic efficacy of those blocks...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593787/utilization-of-smartphone-applications-by-anesthesia-providers
#15
Michael S Green, Johann J Mathew, Archana Gundigi Venkatesh, Parmis Green, Rayhan Tariq
Health care-related apps provide valuable facts and have added a new dimension to knowledge sharing. The purpose of this study is to understand the pattern of utilization of mobile apps specifically created for anesthesia providers. Smartphone app stores were searched, and a survey was sent to 416 anesthesia providers at 136 anesthesiology residency programs querying specific facets of application use. Among respondents, 11.4% never used, 12.4% used less than once per month, 6.0% used once per month, 12.1% used 2-3 times per month, 13...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463980/achieving-the-recommended-endotracheal-tube-cuff-pressure-a-randomized-control-study-comparing-loss-of-resistance-syringe-to-pilot-balloon-palpation
#16
Fred Bulamba, Andrew Kintu, Nodreen Ayupo, Charles Kojjo, Lameck Ssemogerere, Agnes Wabule, Arthur Kwizera
Background: Both under- and overinflation of endotracheal tube cuffs can result in significant harm to the patient. The optimal technique for establishing and maintaining safe cuff pressures (20-30 cmH2 O) is the cuff pressure manometer, but this is not widely available, especially in resource-limited settings where its use is limited by cost of acquisition and maintenance. Therefore, anesthesia providers commonly rely on subjective methods to estimate safe endotracheal cuff pressure...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375620/preoperative-anaemia-and-associated-postoperative-outcomes-in-noncardiac-surgery-patients-in-central-region-of-ghana
#17
Gladys Amponsah, Alice Charwudzi
Introduction: Several studies suggest that preoperative anaemia (PA) is associated with adverse postoperative outcomes, but little is known about these outcomes in the Central Region of Ghana. This study aims to determine the prevalence of PA among noncardiac surgical patients and its implications for their postoperative outcomes. Methods: This study was designed as an observational study; data including demographics and clinical and laboratory results were collected from the patients' records and through interviews...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333156/intravenous-magnesium-sulphate-for-analgesia-after-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Andrew McKeown, Vyacheslav Seppi, Raymond Hodgson
Objective: To summarise the evidence for use of intravenous magnesium for analgesic effect in caesarean section patients. Background: Postcaesarean pain requires effective analgesia. Magnesium, an N -methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist and calcium-channel blocker, has previously been investigated for its analgesic properties. Methods: A systematic search was conducted of PubMed , Scopus , MEDLINE , Cochrane Library , and Google Scholar databases for randomised-control trials comparing intravenous magnesium to placebo with analgesic outcomes in caesarean patients...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213283/lateral-supratrochanteric-approach-to-sciatic-and-femoral-nerve-blocks-in-children-a-feasibility-study
#19
Andrew A Albokrinov, Ulbolhan A Fesenko, Taras B Huz, Valentyna M Perova-Sharonova
Background: Sciatic and femoral nerve blocks (SNB and FNB) result in effective lower limb analgesia. Classical SNB and FNB require patient repositioning which can cause pain and discomfort. Alternative approaches to sciatic and femoral nerve blocks in supine patients can be useful. Materials and Methods: Neurostimulator-guided SNB and FNB from the lateral supratrochanteric approach were performed. Local anesthetic spread in SNB and FNB after radiographic opacification was analyzed...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201048/drug-errors-and-protocol-for-prevention-among-anaesthetists-in-nigeria
#20
U U Johnson, L N Ebirim
Background: Drugs are often prescribed, dispensed, and administered by the same person during anaesthesia, and this may increase the risk of drug error. Objectives: To assess the frequency of drug administration errors by anaesthetists, the drugs commonly involved, and the effects of such errors. Method: A questionnaire-based study was carried out among participants at an annual conference of Nigerian anaesthetists. Sixty-six of the 80 participants returned the completed questionnaire...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
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