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Anesthesiology Research and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755518/double-barrel-nasal-trumpets-to-prevent-upper-airway-obstruction-after-nasal-and-non-nasal-surgery
#1
Macario Camacho, Justin M Wei, Lauren K Reckley, Sungjin A Song
Objectives: During anesthesia emergence, patients are extubated and the upper airway can become vulnerable to obstruction. Nasal trumpets can help prevent obstruction. However, we have found no manuscript describing how to place nasal trumpets after nasal surgery (septoplasties or septorhinoplasties), likely because (1) the lack of space with nasal splints in place and (2) surgeons may fear that removing the trumpets could displace the splints. The objective of this manuscript is to describe how to place nasal trumpets even with nasal splints in place...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706996/does-the-use-of-nitroglycerin-patch-improve-local-anaesthetic-effects-in-bier-s-block-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study
#2
Ahmed Said Elgebaly
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the nitroglycerin patch as a new additive to Bier's block and its impact on the effects and dose of lidocaine. Methods: Forty patients of each sex belonging to ASA I or II underwent elective tendon repair surgeries of the forearm and hand. The patients were divided into two equal groups as follows: Group C received only lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg, 0.25%) and Group N received lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg, 0.25%) + 5 mg transcutaneous nitroglycerin patch...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692808/effects-of-tibetan-music-on-neuroendocrine-and-autonomic-functions-in-patients-waiting-for-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Antonella Cotoia, Floriana Dibello, Fiorenzo Moscatelli, Alberto Sciusco, Pietro Polito, Alberto Modolo, Crescenzio Gallo, Giuseppe Cibelli, Gilda Cinnella
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of listening to Tibetan music on anxiety and endocrine, autonomic, cognitive responses in patients waiting for urologic surgery. Methods: Sixty patients waiting for surgery were enrolled to the study. They were randomized in music (M) and control (C) groups. The M group listened to a low-frequency Tibetan music for 30 min (T0 -T30 ) through headphones, and the C group wore headphones with no sound...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692807/absence-of-association-between-preoperative-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rates-and-postoperative-outcomes-following-elective-gastrointestinal-surgeries-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Sivesh K Kamarajah, Behrad Barmayehvar, Mustafa Sowida, Amirul Adlan, Christina Reihill, Parvez Ellahee
Background: Preoperative risk stratification and optimising care of patients undergoing elective surgery are important to reduce the risk of postoperative outcomes. Renal dysfunction is becoming increasingly prevalent, but its impact on patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgery is unknown although much evidence is available for cardiac surgery. This study aimed to investigate the impact of preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and postoperative outcomes in patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgeries...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610572/effectiveness-of-bilateral-superficial-cervical-plexus-block-as-part-of-postoperative-analgesia-for-patients-undergoing-thyroidectomy-in-empress-zewditu-memorial-hospital-addis-ababa-ethiopia
#5
Zemedu Aweke, Wosenyeleh A Sahile, Sileshi Abiy, Nugusu Ayalew, Adugna A Kassa
Introduction: The pain after thyroid surgery is considered of moderate intensity and short duration. Most trials showed significant reduction in pain intensity and severity of pain in patients for whom bilateral superficial cervical plexus block (BSCPB) was done. Objective: To assess the postoperative analgesic effect of BSCPB for thyroid surgery. Methods: Sixty six euthyroid patients were recruited and assigned to two groups (33 patients each)...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610571/efficacy-of-bilateral-transversus-abdominis-plane-and-ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric-nerve-blocks-for-postcaesarean-delivery-pain-relief-under-spinal-anesthesia
#6
Seid Adem Ahemed, Zewditu Abdissa Denu, Habtamu Getinet Kassahun, Demeke Yilikal Fentie
Background: Caesarean delivery can be associated with considerable postoperative pain. While the benefits of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and ilioinguinal-iliohypogastric (II-IH) nerve blocks on pain after caesarean delivery via Pfannenstiel incision have been demonstrated, no enough investigations on the comparison of these blocks on pain after caesarean delivery have been conducted in our setup. Method: An institutional-based prospective observational cohort study was conducted to compare the analgesic efficacy of those blocks...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593787/utilization-of-smartphone-applications-by-anesthesia-providers
#7
Michael S Green, Johann J Mathew, Archana Gundigi Venkatesh, Parmis Green, Rayhan Tariq
Health care-related apps provide valuable facts and have added a new dimension to knowledge sharing. The purpose of this study is to understand the pattern of utilization of mobile apps specifically created for anesthesia providers. Smartphone app stores were searched, and a survey was sent to 416 anesthesia providers at 136 anesthesiology residency programs querying specific facets of application use. Among respondents, 11.4% never used, 12.4% used less than once per month, 6.0% used once per month, 12.1% used 2-3 times per month, 13...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463980/achieving-the-recommended-endotracheal-tube-cuff-pressure-a-randomized-control-study-comparing-loss-of-resistance-syringe-to-pilot-balloon-palpation
#8
Fred Bulamba, Andrew Kintu, Nodreen Ayupo, Charles Kojjo, Lameck Ssemogerere, Agnes Wabule, Arthur Kwizera
Background: Both under- and overinflation of endotracheal tube cuffs can result in significant harm to the patient. The optimal technique for establishing and maintaining safe cuff pressures (20-30 cmH2 O) is the cuff pressure manometer, but this is not widely available, especially in resource-limited settings where its use is limited by cost of acquisition and maintenance. Therefore, anesthesia providers commonly rely on subjective methods to estimate safe endotracheal cuff pressure...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375620/preoperative-anaemia-and-associated-postoperative-outcomes-in-noncardiac-surgery-patients-in-central-region-of-ghana
#9
Gladys Amponsah, Alice Charwudzi
Introduction: Several studies suggest that preoperative anaemia (PA) is associated with adverse postoperative outcomes, but little is known about these outcomes in the Central Region of Ghana. This study aims to determine the prevalence of PA among noncardiac surgical patients and its implications for their postoperative outcomes. Methods: This study was designed as an observational study; data including demographics and clinical and laboratory results were collected from the patients' records and through interviews...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333156/intravenous-magnesium-sulphate-for-analgesia-after-caesarean-section-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Andrew McKeown, Vyacheslav Seppi, Raymond Hodgson
Objective: To summarise the evidence for use of intravenous magnesium for analgesic effect in caesarean section patients. Background: Postcaesarean pain requires effective analgesia. Magnesium, an N -methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist and calcium-channel blocker, has previously been investigated for its analgesic properties. Methods: A systematic search was conducted of PubMed , Scopus , MEDLINE , Cochrane Library , and Google Scholar databases for randomised-control trials comparing intravenous magnesium to placebo with analgesic outcomes in caesarean patients...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213283/lateral-supratrochanteric-approach-to-sciatic-and-femoral-nerve-blocks-in-children-a-feasibility-study
#11
Andrew A Albokrinov, Ulbolhan A Fesenko, Taras B Huz, Valentyna M Perova-Sharonova
Background: Sciatic and femoral nerve blocks (SNB and FNB) result in effective lower limb analgesia. Classical SNB and FNB require patient repositioning which can cause pain and discomfort. Alternative approaches to sciatic and femoral nerve blocks in supine patients can be useful. Materials and Methods: Neurostimulator-guided SNB and FNB from the lateral supratrochanteric approach were performed. Local anesthetic spread in SNB and FNB after radiographic opacification was analyzed...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201048/drug-errors-and-protocol-for-prevention-among-anaesthetists-in-nigeria
#12
U U Johnson, L N Ebirim
Background: Drugs are often prescribed, dispensed, and administered by the same person during anaesthesia, and this may increase the risk of drug error. Objectives: To assess the frequency of drug administration errors by anaesthetists, the drugs commonly involved, and the effects of such errors. Method: A questionnaire-based study was carried out among participants at an annual conference of Nigerian anaesthetists. Sixty-six of the 80 participants returned the completed questionnaire...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181024/corrigendum-to-sugammadex-enhanced-neuronal-apoptosis-following-neonatal-sevoflurane-exposure-in-mice
#13
Maiko Satomoto, Zhongliang Sun, Yushi U Adachi, Koshi Makita
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/9682703.].
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158732/what-do-anesthesiologists-know-about-p-values-confidence-intervals-and-correlations-a-pilot-survey
#14
Patrick Schober, Sebastiaan M Bossers, Phi-Vu Dong, Christa Boer, Lothar A Schwarte
Background: Statistical methods form the basis for clinical decision-making in evidence-based anesthesia. Data on the knowledge of anesthesiologists about statistics are lacking. This pilot study aims to provide a first impression of the anesthesiologists' understanding of commonly used concepts in statistics. Methods: A cross-sectional pilot survey was performed at a major international anesthesia conference. The questionnaire consisted of three basic multiple-choice questions on the topics " p value," "confidence interval," and "correlation...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804498/feasibility-of-cervical-epidural-anesthesia-for-breast-cancer-surgery
#15
Manuel Wenk, Christina Massoth, Daniel M Pöpping, Michael Möllmann
BACKGROUND: Effects of perioperative cervical level neuraxial blocks on the dissemination of cancer metastases have become a matter of substantial interest. However, experience with these catheters has been limited and data on feasibility and efficacy is sparse. METHODS: Data from 39 patients scheduled to undergo breast cancer surgery while awake with a cervical epidural alone was retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: In 26 patients (66,7%, 95% CI 51,7-81,7) the cervical epidural catheter was sufficient for surgery...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781593/magnitude-and-predisposing-factors-of-difficult-airway-during-induction-of-general-anaesthesia
#16
Sileshi Abiy Workeneh, Amare Hailekiros Gebregzi, Zewditu Abdissa Denu
OBJECTIVE: To assess magnitude and predisposing factors of difficult airway during induction of general anaesthesia. METHODS: Hospital based cross sectional study carried out to determine the incidence of difficult mask ventilation, difficult laryngoscopy (Cormack and Lehane III and IV), difficult intubation (IDS ≥ 5), and failed intubation. The association between each predisposing factor and airway parameters with components of difficult airway is investigated with binary logistic regression...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757869/factors-associated-with-postoperative-prolonged-mechanical-ventilation-in-pediatric-liver-transplant-recipients
#17
Olubukola O Nafiu, Katari Carello, Anjana Lal, John Magee, Paul Picton
INTRODUCTION: Almost all pediatric orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) recipients require mechanical ventilation in the early postoperative period. Prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation (PPMV) may be a marker of severe disease and may be associated with morbidity and mortality. We determined the incidence and risk factors for PPMV in children who underwent OLT. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data collected on 128 pediatric OLT recipients. PPMV was defined as postoperative ventilation ≥ 4 days...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659976/organs-blood-flow-during-elevation-of-body-temperature-in-sevoflurane-anesthetized-rats
#18
Koichi Shimo, Ko Takakura, Kenji Shigemi
The aim of this study is to investigate how elevation of body temperature changes organs blood flow during sevoflurane anesthesia. We conducted in vivo research on 14 male Wistar rats to monitor pulse rate and arterial blood pressure and measure hepatic, small intestinal, renal, and descending aortic blood flow using a laser Doppler blood flowmeter. We assessed the changes in organ blood flow, pulse rate, and arterial blood pressure during elevation of the rats' body temperatures up to 41.5°C under anesthesia with 2...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539936/pregabalin-effect-on-acute-and-chronic-pain-after-cardiac-surgery
#19
Aik Bouzia, Vassilios Tassoudis, Menelaos Karanikolas, George Vretzakis, Argyro Petsiti, Nikolaos Tsilimingas, Elena Arnaoutoglou
Introduction. Pain after cardiac surgery affects long-term patient wellness. This study investigated the effect of preoperative pregabalin on acute and chronic pain after elective cardiac surgery with median sternotomy. Methods. Prospective double blind study. 93 cardiac surgery patients were randomly assigned into three groups: Group 1 received placebo, Group 2 received oral pregabalin 75 mg, and Group 3 received oral pregabalin 150 mg. Data were collected 8 hours, 24 hours, and 3 months postoperatively...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487734/a-retrospective-analysis-of-oxygen-desaturation-during-acoustic-respiratory-rate-monitoring-in-non-icu-patients-following-tracheal-extubation-after-general-anesthesia
#20
Hideaki Kawanishi, Satoki Inoue, Masahiko Kawaguchi
Purpose. Acoustic respiratory rate (RRa) monitoring provides an accurate estimation of the respiratory rate (RR). We investigated the incidence of oxygen desaturation under RRa monitoring in a postoperative setting and identified its related factors. Methods. This study was a retrospective chart review of postoperative patients outside an intensive care unit setting. Using the data collected during the first 8 h postoperatively, patients were divided into oxygen desaturated (SpO2 < 90% for >10 s) and nondesaturated groups under oxygen administration...
2017: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
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