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Journal of Visceral Surgery

T Hor
In France, 10 to 15% of couples in the overall population have a fertility problem. Preservation of sexual and reproductive function should be a major concern for all patients capable of procreation who undergo treatment for gastro-intestinal disease. The gastro-intestinal diseases most often responsible for fertility disorders include chronic inflammatory diseases, intestinal cancer and hereditary diseases, such as the Lynch syndrome and familial adenomatous polyposis. Obesity is responsible for a 20% loss of fertility but the effects of bariatric surgery on fertility are controversial...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
M Alharthi, D Liberman, C Richard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 28, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
B Malgras, A-C Ezanno, S Dokmak
Nodal involvement of the hepatic pedicle is variable and depends on the underlying hepato-bilio-pancreatic pathology. Although its value for ultimate prognosis has not been demonstrated, lymphadenectomy is usually performed to determine tumor stage and to inform the decision about eventual adjuvant treatment. Lymph node dissection of the hepatic pedicle requires a thorough understanding of the anatomy of hepatic lymphatic drainage as well as accurate analysis of pre-operative imaging in order to identify and locate abnormal lymph and to rule out anatomical variations that might complicate the surgical procedure...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
G de Lambert, C Poirot, F Guérin, L Brugières, H Martelli
The cure rate for childhood and adolescent patients with cancer has currently reached almost 80% and protecting future fertility and thereby promoting quality of life have become a major challenge in the care of these patients (Bioethics Law, 2004). Age, sex and associated treatments influence the risk of future subfertility. Certain chemotherapies (particularly alkylating agents) and radiotherapy fields that include the gonads or hypothalamopituitary axis may negatively impact the future fertility of patients...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
M Agus, C Nomine-Criqui, L Demarquet, M Klein, L Brunaud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
M Robert, E Pelascini, G Poncet, A Pasquer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
E Girard, Q Jegousso, B Boussat, P François, F-X Ageron, C Letoublon, P Bouzat
BACKGROUND: Analyzing mortality in a mature trauma system is useful to improve quality of care of severe trauma patients. Standardization of error reporting can be done using the classification of the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO). The aim of our study was to describe preventable deaths in our trauma system and to classify errors according to the JCAHO taxonomy. METHODS: We performed a six-year retrospective study using the registry of the Northern French Alps trauma network (TRENAU)...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
M Canis, R Botchorishvili, N Bourdel, A-S Gremeau, S Curinier, B Rabischong
Peritoneal adhesions remain a major public health problem despite the development of laparoscopy. The rules of microsurgery must be known and followed during any pelvic surgery, even in patients who no longer have a desire for pregnancy. Anti-adhesion products are numerous. All have interest, confirmed by anatomical studies showing a smaller extent or a lesser severity of adhesions associated with their use. No studies, however, show clinical benefit in terms of improved pain or postoperative fertility. Pneumoperitoneum parameters, humidification, and lower abdominal pressure should be optimized to limit peritoneal trauma...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
C Vinolas, J Raad, C Sonigo, C Sifer, N Sermondade, M Grynberg
Therapeutic advances in many medical fields have led to the need to consider patient quality of life after curative medico-surgical treatments for malignancy. Thus, it has become a major issue for young patients to preserve the ability to become "genetic" parents, with their own gametes. While the preservation of male fertility has been an established technique for more than 30 years, it is only in the last decade that progress in cryopreservation techniques has allowed surgeons to offer successful oocyte and ovarian tissue cryobanking...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
O Bouchot, J Branchereau, M A Perrouin-Verbe
Male infertility is a rare but certainly underestimated iatrogenic complication of inguinal hernia repair. The use of polypropylene mesh, recommended by the European Hernia Society, either via the traditional, open or laparoscopic approach, is responsible for surrounding inflammation followed by fibrosis, but there is no proven increase in vas deferens obstruction found in the literature. Prevention is essential to reduce the incidence of this complication including screening for patients at risk and mastery of surgical techniques...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
R Villet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
E Bentivegna, A Maulard, G Miailhe, S Gouy, P Morice
For gynecological cancers, even at an early stage, the standard treatment is "radical excision" involving hysterectomy (radical or not) with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. But for young patients with early stage disease, many recent studies have focused on preservation of subsequent fertility by keeping at least one ovary and the uterus. The main objective of this fertility-sparing surgery is to preserve fertility, if this can be accomplished without increasing the oncological risks. Whether the initial site of the cancer is the cervix, uterine fundus or ovary, the oncologic validation of fertility-sparing treatment requires several evaluation criteria: a rigorous clinical, radiological and surgical staging to verify that the pathology is truly at an early initial stage; expert pathologic interpretation of biopsy specimens to validate the histological criteria of "good prognosis"; provision of complete and understandable patient education verifying the true objectives for this fertility-sparing treatment (whose intent is to retain a potential for subsequent fertility without guaranteeing it) and provision of an explanation of the oncological constraints and implications of fertility-sparing surgery in the event of a possible pregnancy...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
D Massalou, C Ichai, D Mariage, P Baqué
INTRODUCTION: After the attacks in Paris, France was again struck by terrorism in the city of Nice during the night of July 14, 2016. At 22:33 in the evening, a 19-ton truck drove into the crowd of holiday celebrators. The attack resulted in 458 wounded and 86 deaths. The purpose of this study was to describe the management of patients with abdominal trauma admitted alive in our institution, in the context of a massive influx of victims. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of the management of adults with abdominal trauma arising from the terrorist attack in Nice...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
A Guillaume, O Pirrello
Benign ovarian tumors occur in 7% of women during their procreative years and involve both organic and functional tumors. The average age of onset for borderline ovarian tumors is ten years younger than that for ovarian cancers. Women with benign and borderline malignant ovarian tumors are therefore more likely to be affected by fertility issues. The causal link between infertility and benign ovarian tumor stems more from the therapeutic strategies adopted than from the histological nature of the benign ovarian tumor...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
H Roman
Colorectal surgeons often participate in the multidisciplinary management of young females with endometriosis. Complications of endometriosis as well as its management often result in infertility since they can involve all pelvic organs including the procreative organs: uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. Complete excision of all endometriotic lesions should not be performed at the expense of irreversible destruction of the procreative organs; definitive infertility should not be the price to pay in order to obtain an improvement of the painful symptoms caused by endometriosis...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
M El Amrani, M Fulbert, X Lenne, G Clément, E Drumez, F-R Pruvot, S Truant
OBJECTIVE: To define the cost of pancreatectomies and to identify factors associated with increased hospital costs after pancreatic resection. METHODS: All patients undergoing pancreatic surgery in our department between January 2008 and December 2014 were included. All complications occurring during hospitalization or in the 90-day period after discharge were documented. The hospital costs were analyzed and predictive factors of increased hospital costs were determined...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Y Eid, A Alves, J Lubrano, B Menahem
BACKGROUND: Transanal excision (TAE) is increasingly used in the treatment of early rectal cancer because of lower rate of both postoperative complications and postsurgical functional disorders as compared with total mesorectal excision (TME) OBJECTIVE: To compare in a meta-analysis surgical outcomes and pathologic findings between patients who underwent TAE followed by completion proctectomy with TME (TAE group) for early rectal cancer with unfavorable histology or incomplete resection, and those who underwent primary TME (TME group)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
E Asti, M Sozzi, G Bonitta, D Bernardi, L Bonavina
INTRODUCTION: Patients with esophageal carcinoma and concomitant liver cirrhosis carry a high operative risk and may be denied esophagectomy. We performed a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis to investigate postoperative outcomes in these patients. METHODS: Studies reporting outcomes after esophagectomy in patients with liver cirrhosis were searched in Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Science, and Scopus until June 2017, matching the terms "liver cirrhosis", "esophageal neoplasm" and/or "esophageal surgery"...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
P Brinas, M Chalret du Rieu, G Tuyeras, C H Julio, S Kirzin, L Ghouti, N Carrere
INTRODUCTION: The indications for use of biological mesh prostheses are very limited because of their high cost, but include parietal repair in a contaminated setting. Their efficacy has been questioned by several recent studies. We therefore studied the results of all of our patients who received a biological prosthesis, including hernia recurrence and infectious complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the outcomes of 68 patients who underwent biological prosthesis placement from 2009 to 2015 in a single center...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
K Poirot, B Le Roy, L Badrikian, K Slim
INTRODUCTION: Surgical site infections (SSI) are a public health issue. The purpose of this review is to review the literature on methods of pre-operative skin preparation for the prevention of SSI in abdominal surgery. METHODS: In order to obtain the best level of evidence, only meta-analyses and randomized controlled clinical trials were selected from the Cochrane Library and PubMed databases. High-powered non-randomized studies were included when results were not available for the questions asked...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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