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World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364872/linear-endoscopic-ultrasound-evaluation-of-hepatic-veins
#1
REVIEW
Malay Sharma, Piyush Somani, Chittapuram Srinivasan Rameshbabu
Liver resection surgery can be associated with significant perioperative mortality and morbidity. Extensive knowledge of the vascular anatomy is essential for successful, uncomplicated liver surgeries. Various imaging techniques like multidetector computed tomographic and magnetic resonance angiography are used to provide information about hepatic vasculature. Linear endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) can offer a detailed evaluation of hepatic veins, help in assessment of liver segments and can offer a possible route for EUS guided vascular endotherapy involving hepatic veins...
October 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364856/economical-effect-of-lumen-apposing-metal-stents-for-treating-benign-foregut-strictures
#2
Alexander Hallac, Wichit Srikureja, Eashen Liu, Parag Dhumal, Ashish Thatte, Nishant Puri
AIM: To evaluate the clinical and economical efficacy of lumen apposing metal stent (LAMS) in the treatment of benign foregut strictures. METHODS: A single center retrospective database of patients who underwent endoscopic treatment of benign foregut strictures between January 2014 and May 2017 was analyzed. A control group of non-stented patients who underwent three endoscopic dilations was compared to patients who underwent LAMS placement. Statistical tests performed included independent t -tests and five-parameter regression analysis...
October 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364842/screening-and-surveillance-methods-for-dysplasia-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-patients-where-do-we-stand
#3
REVIEW
Michail Galanopoulos, Emmanouela Tsoukali, Filippos Gkeros, Marina Vraka, Georgios Karampekos, Gerassimos J Matzaris
Patients with long-standing ulcerative colitis (UC) and extensive Crohn's colitis (CC) are at increased risk for dysplasia and colorectal cancer (CRC). Several studies have shown that UC extending proximal to the rectum, CC involving at least 1/3 of the colon, co-existence of primary sclerosing cholangitis, undetermined or unclassified colitis, family history of CRC and young age at diagnosis appear to be independent risk factors for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) - related CRC. Therefore, screening and surveillance for CRC in IBD patients is highly recommended by international and national guidelines, whilst colonoscopy remains the unequivocal tool in order to detect potentially resectable dysplastic lesions or CRC at an early stage...
October 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364838/role-of-endoscopy-in-caustic-injury-of-the-esophagus
#4
REVIEW
Asada Methasate, Varut Lohsiriwat
Caustic injury of the esophagus is a problematic condition challenging endoscopists worldwide. Although the caustic agents and motives are different among countries and age groups, endoscopy still plays an invaluable role in diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy can determine the severity of caustic ingestion which is of great importance in choosing appropriate treatment. However, some aspects of endoscopy in diagnosis of caustic injury remain controversial. Whether or not all patients need endoscopy, when to perform endoscopy and how to assess the severity are just some examples of these controversies...
October 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364830/yield-of-capsule-endoscopy-in-obscure-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-comparative-study-between-premenopausal-and-menopausal-women
#5
João Carlos Silva, Rolando Pinho, Adélia Rodrigues, Ana Ponte, Jaime Pereira Rodrigues, Mafalda Sousa, Catarina Gomes, João Carvalho
AIM: To evaluate differences in capsule endoscopy (CE) performed in the setting of obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB) among premenopausal women (PMW) and menopausal women (MW). METHODS: Retrospective, single-center study, including female patients submitted to CE in the setting of OGIB between May 2011 and December 2016. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to age, considering fertile age as ≤ 55 years and postmenopausal age as > 55 years. The diagnostic yield (DY), the rebleeding rate and the time to rebleed were evaluated and compared between groups...
October 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364792/artificial-intelligence-in-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-the-future-is-almost-here
#6
REVIEW
Muthuraman Alagappan, Jeremy R Glissen Brown, Yuichi Mori, Tyler M Berzin
Artificial intelligence (AI) enables machines to provide unparalleled value in a myriad of industries and applications. In recent years, researchers have harnessed artificial intelligence to analyze large-volume, unstructured medical data and perform clinical tasks, such as the identification of diabetic retinopathy or the diagnosis of cutaneous malignancies. Applications of artificial intelligence techniques, specifically machine learning and more recently deep learning, are beginning to emerge in gastrointestinal endoscopy...
October 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364783/introduction-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-in-the-west
#7
REVIEW
David Friedel, Stavros Nicholas Stavropoulos
Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is well established in Asia as a modality for selected advanced lesions of both the upper and lower gastrointestinal tract, but ESD has not attained the same niche in the West due to a variety of reasons. These include competition from traditional surgery, minimally invasive surgery and endoscopic mucosal resection. Other obstacles to ESD introduction in the West include time commitment for learning and doing procedures, a steep learning curve, special equipment, lack of mentors, cost issues, interdisciplinary conflicts, concern regarding complications and lack of support from institutions and interfacing departments...
October 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364767/systematic-review-of-safety-and-efficacy-of-therapeutic-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-during-pregnancy-including-studies-of-radiation-free-therapeutic-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#8
Mitchell S Cappell, Stavros Nicholas Stavropoulos, David Friedel
AIM: To systematically review safety/efficacy of therapeutic endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) performed during pregnancy, considering fetal viability, fetal teratogenicity, premature delivery, and future postpartum development of the infant. METHODS: Systematic computerized literature search performed using PubMed with the key words "ERCP" and "pregnancy". Two clinicians independently reviewed the literature, and decided on which articles to incorporate in this review based on consensus and preassigned priorities...
October 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364716/concise-review-on-the-comparative-efficacy-of-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-vs-core-biopsy-in-pancreatic-masses-upper-and-lower-gastrointestinal-submucosal-tumors
#9
REVIEW
Tawfik Khoury, Wisam Sbeit, Nicholas Ludvik, Divya Nadella, Alex Wiles, Caitlin Marshall, Manoj Kumar, Gilad Shapira, Alan Schumann, Meir Mizrahi
Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration with or without biopsy (FNA/FNB) are the primary diagnostic tools for gastrointestinal submucosal tumors. EUS-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) is considered a first line diagnostic method for the characterization of pancreatic and upper gastrointestinal lesions, since it allows for the direct visualization of the collection of specimens for cytopathologic analysis. EUS-FNA is most effective and accurate when immediate cytologic assessment is permitted by the presence of a cytopathologist on site...
October 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30364685/endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-induced-and-non-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-induced-acute-pancreatitis-two-distinct-clinical-and-immunological-entities
#10
REVIEW
Ivana Plavsic, Ivana Žitinić, Ivana Mikolasevic, Goran Poropat, Goran Hauser
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is common gastrointestinal disease of varied aetiology. The most common cause of AP is gallstones, followed by alcohol abuse as an independent risk factor. With the increased need for invasive techniques to treat pancreatic and bile duct pathologies such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), AP has emerged as the most frequent complication. While severe AP following ERCP is rare (0.5%), if it does develop it has a greater severity index compared to non-ERCP AP. Development of a mild form of AP after ERCP is not considered a clinically relevant condition...
October 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283605/successful-stent-in-stent-dilatation-of-the-common-bile-duct-through-a-duodenal-prosthesis-a-novel-technique-for-malignant-obstruction-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Gurjiwan Singh Virk, Nour A Parsa, Juan Tejada, Muhammad Sohail Mansoor, Sven Hida
For patients suffering from both biliary and duodenal obstruction, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with stent placement is the treatment of choice. ERCP through an already existing duodenal prosthesis is an uncommon procedure and furthermore no studies have reported installing a covered metal stent onto an already existing bare metal stent in the common bile duct (CBD). We describe a rare case of a stent-in-stent dilatation of the CBD through an already existing self-expanding metal stent in the second part of duodenum for the patient presenting with jaundice in setting of biliary and duodenal obstruction from pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
September 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283604/randomised-controlled-trial-comparing-modified-sano-s-and-narrow-band-imaging-international-colorectal-endoscopic-classifications-for-colorectal-lesions
#12
Leonardo Zorrón Cheng Tao Pu, Kuan Loong Cheong, Doreen Siew Ching Koay, Sze Pheh Yeap, Amanda Ovenden, Mahima Raju, Andrew Ruszkiewicz, Philip W Chiu, James Y Lau, Rajvinder Singh
AIM: To assess the utility of modified Sano's (MS) vs the narrow band imaging international colorectal endoscopic (NICE) classification in differentiating colorectal polyps. METHODS: Patients undergoing colonoscopy between 2013 and 2015 were enrolled in this trial. Based on the MS or the NICE classifications, patients were randomised for real-time endoscopic diagnosis. This was followed by biopsies, endoscopic or surgical resection. The endoscopic diagnosis was then compared to the final (blinded) histopathology...
September 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283603/frequency-of-hospital-readmission-and-care-fragmentation-in-gastroparesis-a-nationwide-analysis
#13
Emad Qayed, Mayssan Muftah
AIM: To evaluate rates and predictors of hospital readmission and care fragmentation in patients hospitalized with gastroparesis. METHODS: We identified all adult hospitalizations with a primary diagnosis of gastroparesis in the 2010-2014 National Readmissions Database, which captures statewide readmissions. We excluded patients who died during the hospitalization, and calculated 30 and 90-d unplanned readmission and care fragmentation rates. Readmission to a non-index hospital ( i...
September 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283602/anesthetic-management-and-associated-complications-of-peroral-endoscopic-myotomy-a-case-series
#14
Yuuki Nishihara, Takuya Yoshida, Mayu Ooi, Norihiko Obata, Shinichiro Izuta, Satoshi Mizobuchi
AIM: To investigate the anesthetic management of peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) and its associated complications. METHODS: This study was a single-center, retrospective, observational study comprising a case series of all patients who underwent POEM in our hospital from April 2015 to November 2016. We collected data regarding patient characteristics, anesthetic methods, surgical factors, and complications using an electronic chart. RESULTS: There were 86 patients who underwent POEM in our hospital during the study period...
September 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283601/capsule-endoscopy-current-status-and-role-in-crohn-s-disease
#15
REVIEW
Loredana Goran, Ana Maria Negreanu, Ana Stemate, Lucian Negreanu
Capsule endoscopy (CE) has proved to be an important non-invasive tool for diagnosis and monitoring Crohn's disease patients. It has the advantage of excellent visualization of digestive tract mucosa, a good tolerability and safety in well-selected patients. The risk of retention can be diminished by good selection of patients using imaging techniques and by the use of patency capsule. The aim of a capsule examination is not only an early diagnosis but also a very good stratification of prognosis, thus directing the treatment strategy for either a step up or top-down approach and also permitting the optimization of the treatment depending on the findings...
September 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283600/proposed-approach-to-the-challenging-management-of-progressive-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#16
REVIEW
Joachim Labenz, Parakrama T Chandrasoma, Laura J Knapp, Tom R DeMeester
The progression of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in patients who are taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) has been reported by several investigators, leading to concerns that PPI therapy does not address all aspects of the disease. Patients who are at risk of progression need to be identified early in the course of their disease in order to receive preventive treatment. A review of the literature on GERD progression to Barrett's esophagus and the associated physiological and pathological changes was performed and risk factors for progression were identified...
September 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283599/endoscopic-therapy-for-barrett-s-esophagus-and-early-esophageal-cancer-where-do-we-go-from-here
#17
REVIEW
Tavankit Singh, Madhusudhan R Sanaka, Prashanthi N Thota
Since Barrett's esophagus is a precancerous condition, efforts have been made for its eradication by various ablative techniques. Initially, laser ablation was attempted in non-dysplastic Barrett's esophagus and subsequently, endoscopic ablation using photodynamic therapy was used in Barrett's patients with high-grade dysplasia who were poor surgical candidates. Since then, various ablative therapies have been developed with radiofrequency ablation having the best quality of evidence. Resection of dysplastic areas only without complete removal of entire Barrett's segment is associated with high risk of developing metachronous neoplasia...
September 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283598/endoscopic-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-superficial-non-ampullary-duodenal-tumors
#18
REVIEW
Mitsuru Esaki, Sho Suzuki, Hisatomo Ikehara, Chika Kusano, Takuji Gotoda
The diagnostic and treatment guidelines of superficial non-ampullary duodenal tumors have not been standardized due to their low prevalence. Previous reports suggested that a superficial adenocarcinoma (SAC) should be treated via local resection because of its low risk of lymph node metastasis, whereas a high-grade adenoma (HGA) should be resected because of its high risk of progression to adenocarcinoma. Therefore, pretreatment diagnosis of SAC or HGA is important to determine the appropriate treatment strategy...
September 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30283597/clinical-update-on-the-management-of-pseudopapillary-tumor-of-pancreas
#19
REVIEW
Gandhi Lanke, Faisal S Ali, Jeffrey H Lee
Solid pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) is a rare tumor with malignant potential which is generally located in the tail of pancreas. The prevalence of SPN has increased with widespread use of cross sectional imaging. SPN is often misdiagnosed due to nonspecific clinical presentation and accurate diagnosis is essential for optimal management. Endoscopic ultrasound-FNA with immunohistochemistry can help in preoperative diagnosis. Surgery is the treatment of choice and a successful R0 resection is curative. Overall, SPN has a good prognosis...
September 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147845/comparison-between-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-vs-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-associated-with-balloon-dilation-for-removal-of-bile-duct-stones-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-based-on-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Cesar Capel de Clemente Junior, Wanderley Marques Bernardo, Tomazo Prince Franzini, Gustavo Oliveira Luz, Marcos Eduardo Lera Dos Santos, Jonah Maxwell Cohen, Diogo Turiani Hourneaux de Moura, Fábio Ramalho Tavares Marinho, Martin Coronel, Paulo Sakai, Eduardo Guimarães Hourneaux de Moura
AIM: To compare gallstones removal rate and incidence of bleeding, pancreatitis, use of mechanical lithotripsy, cholangitis and perforation between isolated sphincterotomy vs sphincterotomy associated with balloon dilation of papilla in choledocholithiasis through the meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review according to the PRISMA guidelines. Literature search was restricted to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on MedLine, Cochrane Library, LILACS, and EMBASE database platforms in July 2017...
August 16, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
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