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World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery

Chelsey C Ciambella, Rachel E Beard, Thomas J Miner
Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States. Unfortunately, at diagnosis, most patients are not candidates for curative resection. Surgical palliation, a procedure performed with the intention of relieving symptoms or improving quality of life, comes to the forefront of management. This article reviews the palliative management of unresectable pancreatic cancer, including obstructive jaundice, duodenal obstruction and pain control with celiac plexus block. Although surgical bypasses for both biliary and duodenal obstructions usually achieve good technical success, they result in considerable perioperative morbidity and mortality, even when performed laparoscopically...
October 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Eui Hyuk Chong, Dae Jung Kim, Sewha Kim, Gwangil Kim, Woo Ram Kim
Gastrointestinal surgeons seldom encounter inverted Meckel's diverticulum in their clinical practice. We describe two cases of inverted Meckel's diverticulum. If the patient has a disease-related complication such as intussusception, as with our first case, it can be easily detected. However, if the patient has subacute or chronic symptoms, as with our second case, the diagnosis might be delayed. Regardless of the disease-related complication, intussusception of inverted Meckel's diverticulum can be easily managed with laparoscopic single-port surgery...
September 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Aafke H van Dijk, Stijn van Roessel, Philip R de Reuver, Djamila Boerma, Marja A Boermeester, Sandra C Donkervoort
AIM: To study the effect of different techniques of cystic duct closure on bile leakage after laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) for biliary disease. METHODS: A systematic search of MEDLINE, Cochrane and EMBASE was performed. Rate of cystic duct leakage (CDL) was the primary outcome. Risk of bias was evaluated. Odds ratios were analyzed for comparison of techniques and pooled event rates for non-comparative analyses. Pooled event rates were compared for each of included techniques...
September 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Syed Ali Rizvi, Wajahat Syed, Ravi Shergill
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP) is a mucinous tumour of the appendix that spreads into the peritoneal cavity in the form of gelatinous deposits. The incidence of PMP is believed to be approximately 1-3 out of a million per year. Nonetheless, due to its indolent nature, it is usually discovered at an advanced stage and severely impacts quality of life. Curative treatment for PMP is complete cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). An extensive literature review was conducted searching EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed, and Google Scholar databases for PMP in aims to delineate a clinical approach to diagnosis and treatment...
August 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Brendan T Everett, Steven D Lidofsky
AIM: To investigate patient adherence to surveillance endoscopy after index esophageal variceal hemorrhage and the extent to which adherence influences outcomes. METHODS: We reviewed the records of patients with cirrhosis admitted to the medical intensive care unit between 2000 and 2014 for first time esophageal variceal hemorrhage treated with endoscopic variceal ligation who were subsequently discharged and scheduled for surveillance endoscopy at our medical center...
April 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Sameh Hany Emile, F Borja de Lacy, Deborah Susan Keller, Beatriz Martin-Perez, Sadir Alrawi, Antonio M Lacy, Manish Chand
The gold standard for curative treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer involves radical resection with a total mesorectal excision (TME). TME is the most effective treatment strategy to reduce local recurrence and improve survival outcomes regardless of the surgical platform used. However, there are associated morbidities, functional consequences, and quality of life (QoL) issues associated with TME; these risks must be considered during the modern-day multidisciplinary treatment for rectal cancer. This has led to the development of new surgical techniques to improve patient, oncologic, and QoL outcomes...
March 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Sam Eriksson, Hanna Borsiin, Carl-Fredrik Öberg, Hannes Brange, Zoran Mijovic, Christian Sturesson
AIM: To investigate changes in hepatic and splenic stiffness in patients without chronic liver disease during liver resection for hepatic tumors. METHODS: Patients scheduled for liver resection for hepatic tumors were considered for enrollment. Tissue stiffness measurements on liver and spleen were conducted before and two days after liver resection using point shear-wave elastography. Histological analysis of the resected liver specimen was conducted in all patients and patients with marked liver fibrosis were excluded from further study analysis...
February 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Kai-Bo Chen, Yi-Qiao Lu, Jian-De Chen, Di-Ke Shi, Zhi-Hui Huang, Yi-Xiong Zheng, Xiao-Li Jin, Zhe-Fang Wang, Wei-Dong Zhang, Yi Huang, Zhi-Wei Wu, Guo-Ping Zhang, Hang Zhang, Ying-Hao Jiang, Li Chen
AIM: To investigate the efficacy and safety of transcutaneous electroacupuncture (TEA) to alleviate postoperative ileus (POI) after gastrectomy. METHODS: From April 2014 to February 2017, 63 gastric cancer patients were recruited from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China. After gastrectomy, the patients were randomly allocated to the TEA ( n = 33) or control ( n = 30) group. The patients in the TEA group received 1 h TEA on Neiguan (ST36) and Zusanli (PC6) twice daily in the morning and afternoon until they passed flatus...
February 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Dennis Raahave
The objective of this review is to examine whether a redundant colon gives rise to symptoms like constipation and volvulus. In 1820, Monterossi made drawings of colons with displacements and elongation of the colon found during autopsy. In 1912, Kienböeck first visualized a redundant colon using bismuth, and Lardennois and Auborg named the anatomic variant dolichocolon in 1914. The criteria were later: A sigmoid loop rising over the line between the iliac crests, a transverse colon below the same line and extra loops at the flexures...
February 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Sami Akbulut, Egemen Cicek, Mehmet Kolu, Tevfik Tolga Sahin, Sezai Yilmaz
Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a zoonotic disease that is caused by Echinococcus multilocularis that affects liver and a variety of organs and tissues. It differs from other echinococcal disease because it shows tumor like behavior in the affected organ and tissues. The treatment of choice is concomitant medical therapy and resection with negative margins. Nevertheless, resection with the intent of negative margins (R0) may lead to serious complications such as liver failure. In the present case report, we used Associating Liver Partition and Portal Vein Ligation for Staged Hepatectomy (ALPPS) procedure, which was defined in 2012 by Schnitzbauer et al, in a 28-year-old male patient to avoid complications of major liver resection in order to treat alveolar echinococcosis...
January 27, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Keita Minowa, Shuhei Komatsu, Kenichiro Takashina, Sachie Tanaka, Tatsuya Kumano, Kenichiro Imura, Katsumi Shimomura, Jun Ikeda, Fumihiro Taniguchi, Yasuo Ueshima, Tecchuu Lee, Eito Ikeda, Eigo Otsuji, Yasuhiro Shioaki
Massive gastrointestinal bleeding from gastrointestinal varices is one of the most serious complications in patients with portal hypertension. However, if no bleeding point can be detected by endoscopy in the predilection sites of gastrointestinal varices, such as the esophagus and stomach, ectopic gastrointestinal variceal bleeding should be considered as a differential diagnosis. Herein, we report a case of ectopic ileal variceal bleeding in a 57-year-old woman, which was successfully diagnosed by multi-detector row CT (MDCT) and angiography and treated by segmental ileum resection...
December 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Sachiko Nagasu, Koji Okuda, Ryoko Kuromatsu, Yoriko Nomura, Takuji Torimura, Yoshito Akagi
We review 6 cases of diaphragmatic perforation, with and without herniation, treated in our institution. All patients with diaphragmatic perforation underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) treatments for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) performed at Kurume University Hospital and Tobata Kyoritsu Hospital. We investigated the clinical profiles of the 6 patients between January 2003 and December 2013. We further describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of diaphragmatic perforation. The change in the volume of liver and the change in the Child-Pugh score from just after the RFA to the onset of perforation was evaluated using a paired t -test...
December 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Narongsak Rungsakulkij, Somkit Mingphruedhi, Pongsatorn Tangtawee, Chonlada Krutsri, Paramin Muangkaew, Wikran Suragul, Penampai Tannaphai, Suraida Aeesoa
AIM: To analyze the risk factors of postoperative pancreatic fistula following pancreaticoduodenectomy in a Thai tertiary care center. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 179 patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy at our hospital from January 2001 to December 2016. Pancreatic fistula were classified into three categories according to a definition made by an International Study Group on Pancreatic Fistula. The risk factors for pancreatic fistula were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis...
December 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Masateru Yamamoto, Takashi Urushihara, Toshiyuki Itamoto
AIM: To study the utility of single-incision totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernia repair with intraperitoneal inspection. METHODS: A 2 cm transverse skin incision was made in the umbilicus, extending to the intraperitoneal cavity. Carbon dioxide was insufflated followed by insertion of laparoscope to observe the intraperitoneal cavity. The type of hernia was diagnosed and whether there was the presence of intestinal incarceration was confirmed. When an intestinal incarceration in the hernia sac was found, the forceps were inserted through the incision site and the intestine was returned to the intraperitoneal cavity without increasing the number of trocars...
December 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Shaakir Hasan, Ngoc Thai, Tadahiro Uemura, Vijay Kudithipudi, Paul Renz, Stephen Abel, Alexander V Kirichenko
AIM: To evaluate the control, survival, and hepatic function for Child Pugh (CP)-A patients after Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: From 2009 to 2016, 40 patients with Barcelona Liver Clinic (BCLC) stages 0-B HCC and CP-A cirrhosis completed liver SBRT. The mean prescription dose was 45 Gy (40 to 50 Gy in 4-5 fractions). Local relapse, defined as recurrence within the planning target volume was assessed with intravenous multiphase contrast computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging every 4-6 mo after completion of SBRT...
December 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Shamir O Cawich, Sachin Teelucksingh, Samara Hassranah, Vijay Naraynsingh
Over the past few decades, surgeons have made many attempts to reduce the incidence of surgical site infections (SSI) after elective colorectal surgery. Routine faecal diversion is no longer practiced in elective colonic surgery and mechanical bowel preparation is on the verge of being eliminated altogether. Intravenous antibiotics have become the standard of care as prophylaxis against SSI for elective colorectal operations. However, the role of oral antibiotics is still being debated. We review the available data evaluating the role of oral antibiotics as prophylaxis for SSI in colorectal surgery...
December 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Ioannis A Ziogas, Georgios Tsoulfas
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the fifth most common malignancy and the third most common cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. From the wide variety of treatment options, surgical resection and liver transplantation are the only therapeutic ones. However, due to shortage of liver grafts, surgical resection is the most common therapeutic modality implemented. Owing to rapid technological development, minimally invasive approaches have been incorporated in liver surgery. Liver laparoscopic resection has been evaluated in comparison to the open technique and has been shown to be superior because of the reported decrease in surgical incision length and trauma, blood loss, operating theatre time, postsurgical pain and complications, R0 resection, length of stay, time to recovery and oral intake...
December 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Javariah Siddiqui, Assad Zahid, Jonathan Hong, Christopher John Young
AIM: To determine the application of clinical practice guidelines for the current management of diverticulitis and colorectal surgeon specialist consensus in Australia and New Zealand. METHODS: A survey was distributed to 205 colorectal surgeons in Australia and New Zealand, using 22 hypothetical clinical scenarios. RESULTS: The response rate was 102 (50%). For 19 guideline-based scenarios, only 11 (58%) reached consensus (defined as > 70% majority opinion) and agreed with guidelines; while 3 (16%) reached consensus and did not agree with guidelines...
November 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Kristian Eeg Storli, Kristin Bentung Lygre, Knut Børge Iversen, Maria Decap, Geir Egil Eide
AIM: To analyse clinical and long-term oncologic results after laparoscopic complete mesocolic excision (CME) for colonic cancer over a 10-year period. METHODS: Consecutive patients who received laparoscopic CME at our hospital from 2007 to 2017 were prospectively registered and retrospectively analysed. In total, 341 patients were included with tumour-nodal-metastasis (TNM) stages 0-III. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 71.9 years...
November 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Fang-Fang Ji
[This corrects the article on p. 5 in vol. 9, PMID: 28603584.].
October 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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