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World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology

Rachael Chang Lee, Harsh Kanhere, Markus Trochsler, Vy Broadbridge, Guy Maddern, Timothy J Price
AIM: To analyse the safety and efficacy of curative intent surgery in biliary and pancreatic cancer. METHODS: An extensive literature review was performed using MEDLINE, Google Scholar and EMBASE to identify articles regarding hepato-pancreatoduodenectomy or resection of liver metastasis in patients with pancreatic, biliary tract, periampullary and gallbladder cancers. RESULTS: A total of 19 studies were identified and reviewed. Major hepatectomy was undertaken in 391 patients...
August 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Ozkan Kanat, Hulya Ertas
Despite the availability of potent chemotherapy regimens, such as 5-fluorouracil, folinic acid, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin (FOLFIRINOX) and nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine, treatment outcomes in metastatic pancreatic cancer (PC) remain unsatisfactory. The presence of an abundant fibrous stroma in PC is considered a crucial factor for its unfavorable condition. Apparently, stroma acts as a physical barrier to restrict intratumoral cytotoxic drug penetration and creates a hypoxic environment that reduces the efficacy of radiotherapy...
August 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Efstathios Kotidis, Orestis Ioannidis, Manousos George Pramateftakis, Konstantinos Christou, Ioannis Kanellos, Konstantinos Tsalis
AIM: To present patients who developed small-bowel malignancy at the level of the gastrointestinal anastomosis decades after a subtotal gastrectomy for ulcer, to review relevant literature, and to attempt to interpret the reasons those cancers developed to these postsurgical non-gastric sights. METHODS: For the current retrospective study and review of literature, the surgical and histopathological records dated from January 1, 1993 to December 31, 2017 of our department were examined, searching for patients who have undergone surgical treatment of small-bowel malignancy to identify those who have undergone subtotal gastrectomy for benign peptic ulcer...
July 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Li You, Feng Yang, De-Liang Fu
Since solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP) was officially classified by the World Health Organization in 1996, SPTP has recently received special attention in the literature. Studies have shown that SPTP is a heterogeneous tumor, with a small percentage of patients harboring aggressive behaviors. However, criteria for malignancy grade in SPTP have not been well established. The prognosis of SPTP is generally good, with cases having a chance for long-term survival even with recurrence and/or metastasis after surgical resection...
July 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Stavros Gkolfinopoulos, Demetris Papamichael, Konstantinos Papadimitriou, Panos Papanastasopoulos, Vassilios Vassiliou, Panteleimon Kountourakis
In the last few years we have witnessed a vast expansion of our knowledge regarding the molecular and genetic profile of gastric cancer. The molecular subtypes described have shed light on the pathogenesis of the disease, thus prompting the development of new therapeutic strategies and favoring a more individualized approach for treatment. Most of the clinical trials for so called targeted therapies could be considered, at best, partially successful. In addition, checkpoint inhibitors have recently been added to our armamentarium in later stages of the disease, and combinations with chemotherapy and targeted agents are currently under development...
July 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Hazel Lote, Nicola Valeri, Ian Chau
Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-inhibition is an important therapeutic strategy in HER2-amplified gastro-oesophageal cancer (GOC). A significant proportion of GOC patients display HER2 amplification, yet HER2 inhibition in these patients has not displayed the success seen in HER2 amplified breast cancer. Much of the current evidence surrounding HER2 has been obtained from studies in breast cancer, and we are only recently beginning to improve our understanding of HER2-amplified GOC. Whilst there are numerous licensed HER2 inhibitors in breast cancer, trastuzumab remains the only licensed HER2 inhibitor for HER2-amplified GOC...
July 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Manish Chand, Deborah S Keller, Reza Mirnezami, Marc Bullock, Aneel Bhangu, Brendan Moran, Paris P Tekkis, Gina Brown, Alexander Mirnezami, Mariana Berho
Colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment has become more personalised, incorporating a combination of the individual patient risk assessment, gene testing, and chemotherapy with surgery for optimal care. The improvement of staging with high-resolution imaging has allowed more selective treatments, optimising survival outcomes. The next step is to identify biomarkers that can inform clinicians of expected prognosis and offer the most beneficial treatment, while reducing unnecessary morbidity for the patient. The search for biomarkers in CRC has been of significant interest, with questions remaining on their impact and applicability...
July 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Dai Shimizu, Mitsuro Kanda, Yasuhiro Kodera
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers in the world. Most GC patients are diagnosed when the cancer is in an advanced stage, and consequently, some develop metastatic lesions that generally cause cancer-related death. Metastasis establishment is affected by various conditions, such as tumor location, hemodynamics and organotropism. While digestive cancers may share a primary site, certain cases develop hematogenous metastasis with the absence of peritoneal metastasis, and vice versa...
June 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Nan Chen, Yi-Fan Peng, Yun-Feng Yao, Jin Gu
AIM: To evaluate the feasibility and safety of trans-anal minimally invasive surgery (TAMIS) from single institute in China. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted for patients with rectal neoplasia, who underwent TAMIS using single incision laparoscopic surgery-Port from January 2013 till January 2016 by a group of colorectal surgeons from Gastrointestinal Center Unit III, Peking University Cancer Hospital. Patients' demographic data, surgical related information, post-operational pathology, as well as peri-operative follow-up were all collected...
June 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Ka-Shing Cheung, Wai K Leung
Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) infection is the most important risk factor for gastric cancer (GC) development through the Correa's gastric carcinogenesis cascade. However, H. pylori eradication alone does not eliminate GC, as pre-neoplastic lesions (atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia) may have already developed in some patients. It is therefore necessary to identify patients at high-risk for gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication to streamline the management plan. If the patients have not undergone endoscopy with histologic assessment, the identification of certain clinical risk factors and non-invasive testing (serum pepsinogen) can predict the risk of atrophic gastritis...
May 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Merly Contratto, Jennifer Wu
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fifth leading cause of cancer mortality in the United States and the second leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Sorafenib is the only food and drug administration (FDA) approved as first line systemic treatment in HCC. Regorafenib and nivolumab are the only FDA approved second line treatment after progression on sorafenib. We will discuss all potential first and second line options in HCC. In addition, we also will explore sequencing treatment options in HCC, and examine biomarkers that can potentially predict benefits from treatments such as immune checkpoint inhibitor...
May 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Corentin Richard, Julie Niogret, Romain Boidot, Francois Ghiringhelli
Pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma (PACC) is a rare cancer. When the tumor is metastatic, few therapeutic options are available. Precision medicine using next-generation sequencing is defined by the administration of drugs based on the tumor genetic mutations. The usage of precision medicine for finding new therapeutic options for rare cancers is an emerging field. We have reported here the case of a patient bearing a multitreated metastatic PACC. This patient underwent somatic and constitutional exome analyses...
April 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Takahiro Utsumi, Yasushi Sano, Mineo Iwatate, Hironori Sunakawa, Akira Teramoto, Daizen Hirata, Santa Hattori, Wataru Sano, Noriaki Hasuike, Kazuhito Ichikawa, Takahiro Fujimori
AIM: To clarify the diagnostic performance of endocytoscopy for differentiation between neoplastic and non-neoplastic colorectal diminutive polyps. METHODS: Patients who underwent endocytoscopy between October and December 2016 at Sano Hospital were prospectively recruited. When diminutive polyps (≤ 5 mm) were detected, the lesions were evaluated by endocytoscopy after being stained with 0.05% crystal violet and 1% methylene blue. The diminutive polyps were classified into five categories (EC 1a, 1b, 2, 3a, and 3b)...
April 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Akihisa Kato, Itaru Naitoh, Hiroyuki Kato, Kazuki Hayashi, Katsuyuki Miyabe, Michihiro Yoshida, Yasuki Hori, Makoto Natsume, Naruomi Jinno, Takeshi Yanagita, Shuji Takiguchi, Satoru Takahashi, Takashi Joh
Endoscopic transpapillary brush cytology and forceps biopsy during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatology are generally used to obtain pathological evidence of biliary strictures. Recently, the new endoscopic scraper Trefle® has been reported and demonstrated high cancer detectability in malignant biliary strictures. This device is used to scrape the stricture over the guidewire, and, in the original method, the tissue and/or cell samples obtained are subjected to histological and/or cytological analysis separately...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Daisuke Ohki, Yosuke Tsuji, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Yoshiki Sakaguchi, Chihiro Minatsuki, Hiroto Kinoshita, Keiko Niimi, Satoshi Ono, Yoku Hayakawa, Shuntaro Yoshida, Atsuo Yamada, Shinya Kodashima, Nobutake Yamamichi, Yoshihiro Hirata, Tetsuo Ushiku, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Masashi Fukayama, Kazuhiko Koike
AIM: To investigated the association between adenoma detection rate (ADR) and sessile serrated ADR (SSADR) and significant predictors for sessile serrated adenomas (SSA) detection. METHODS: This study is a retrospective, single-center analysis. Total colonoscopies performed by the gastroenterologists at the University of Tokyo Hospital between January and December 2014 were retrospectively identified. Polyps were classified as low-grade or high-grade adenoma, cancer, SSA, or SSA with cytological dysplasia, and the prevalence of each type of polyp was investigated...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Fu-Mei Shang, Hong-Li Liu
Fusobacterium nucleatum ( F. nucleatum ) is a Gram-negative obligate anaerobe bacterium in the oral cavity and plays a role in several oral diseases, including periodontitis and gingivitis. Recently, several studies have reported that the level of F. nucleatum is significantly elevated in human colorectal adenomas and carcinomas compared to that in adjacent normal tissue. Several researchers have also demonstrated that F. nucleatum is obviously associated with colorectal cancer and promotes the development of colorectal neoplasms...
March 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Ren Togo, Kenta Ishihara, Katsuhiro Mabe, Harufumi Oizumi, Takahiro Ogawa, Mototsugu Kato, Naoya Sakamoto, Shigemi Nakajima, Masahiro Asaka, Miki Haseyama
AIM: To perform automatic gastric cancer risk classification using photofluorography for realizing effective mass screening as a preliminary study. METHODS: We used data for 2100 subjects including X-ray images, pepsinogen I and II levels, PGI/PGII ratio, Helicobacter pylori ( H. pylori ) antibody, H. pylori eradication history and interview sheets. We performed two-stage classification with our system. In the first stage, H. pylori infection status classification was performed, and H...
February 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Panteleimon Kountourakis, Demetris Papamichael, Haris Haralambous, Michael Michael, Georgios Nakos, Sylvia Lazaridou, Eleni Fotiou, Vassilios Vassiliou, Demetrios Andreopoulos
Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis is a very rare manifestation in patients diagnosed with esophagogastric junction and gastric cancer. Its prognosis is ominous and therapy outcomes are disappointing. Herein, we present two patients; one initially diagnosed with gastric cancer and leptomeningeal carcinomatosis but no other evidence of metastatic disease and the other one initially diagnosed with esophagogastric junction cancer, who recurred solitary with leptomeningeal seedings several years after the initial diagnosis and treatment...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Jian-Xin Cui, Yun-He Gao, Hong-Qing Xi, Ai-Zhen Cai, Ke-Cheng Zhang, Ji-Yang Li, Bo Wei, Lin Chen
AIM: To investigate whether laparoscopic surgery is as safe and feasible as open resection for patients with larger gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) (≥ 5 cm). METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library database was performed. Relevant studies of laparoscopic and open surgery for GISTs of > 5 cm published before December 2016 were identified from these databases. The quality of the studies was assessed by the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Zeynep Gural, Sezer Saglam, Serap Yucel, Esra Kaytan-Saglam, Oktar Asoglu, Cetin Ordu, Hediye Acun, Rasul Sharifov, Semen Onder, Ahmet Kizir, Ethem N Oral
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of neoadjuvant hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy (HART) and concurrent chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced infraperitoneal rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 30 patients with histopathologically confirmed T2-3/N0+ infraperitoneal adenocarcinoma of rectum cancer patients received preoperative 42 Gy/1.5 Gy/18 days/bid radiotherapy and continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (325 mg/m2 ). All patients were operated 4-8 wk after neoadjuvant concomitant therapy...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
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