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Insights Into Imaging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303554/imaging-of-the-oesophagus-beyond-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Thomas Marini, Amit Desai, Katherine Kaproth-Joslin, John Wandtke, Susan K Hobbs
Non-malignant oesophageal diseases are critical to recognize, but can be easily overlooked or misdiagnosed radiologically. In this paper, we cover the salient clinical features and imaging findings of non-malignant pathology of the oesophagus. We organize the many non-malignant diseases of the oesophagus into two major categories: luminal disorders and wall disorders. Luminal disorders include dilatation/narrowing (e.g. achalasia, scleroderma, and stricture) and foreign body impaction. Wall disorders include wall thickening (e...
March 17, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303553/overview-of-the-radiographers-practice-in-65-healthcare-centers-using-digital-mammography-systems-in-portugal
#2
Cláudia Sá Dos Reis, Ana Pascoal, Lucian Radu, Mário Fartaria de Oliveira, João Alves
PURPOSE: To assess current practices in digital mammography (DM) in Portuguese healthcare providers using digital systems. To investigate compliance with European standards regarding mean glandular dose and quality control practice and to identify optimisation needs. METHODS: Two questionnaires, targeted at breast radiographers and chief radiographers, were designed and applied in 65 imaging departments offering DM. Questions fielded were focused on the staff profile and technical/clinical practice...
March 16, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303552/european-radiographers-challenges-from-mammography-education-and-clinical-practice-an-integrative-review
#3
Eija Metsälä, Nicole Richli Meystre, José Pires Jorge, Anja Henner, Tiina Kukkes, Cláudia Sá Dos Reis
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify European radiographers' challenges in clinical performance in mammography and the main areas of mammography that require more and better training. METHODS: An extensive search was performed to identify relevant studies focused on clinical practice, education and training in mammography published between January 2010 and December 2015 in the English language. The data were analysed by using deductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: A total of 27 full text articles were read, evaluating their quality...
March 16, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281159/utility-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-evaluation-of-left-ventricular-thickening
#4
REVIEW
Nicholas Fulton, Prabhakar Rajiah
Left ventricular (LV) thickening can be due to hypertrophy (concentric, asymmetric, eccentric) or remodelling (concentric or asymmetric). Pathological thickening may be caused by pressure overload, volume overload, infiltrative disorders, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, athlete's heart or neoplastic infiltration. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) plays an important role in the comprehensive evaluation of LV thickening, including: establishing diagnosis, determining LV geometry, establishing aetiology, quantification, identifying prognostic factors, serial follow-up and treatment response...
March 9, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197883/central-airway-pathology-clinic-features-ct-findings-with-pathologic-and-virtual-endoscopy-correlation
#5
REVIEW
Daniel Barnes, José Gutiérrez Chacoff, Mariana Benegas, Rosario J Perea, Teresa M de Caralt, José Ramirez, Ivan Vollmer, Marcelo Sanchez
OBJECTIVES: To describe the imaging features of the central airway pathology, correlating the findings with those in pathology and virtual endoscopy. To propose a schematic and practical approach to reach diagnoses, placing strong emphasis on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) findings. METHODS: We reviewed our thoracic pathology database and the central airway pathology-related literature. Best cases were selected to illustrate the main features of each disease...
February 15, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197882/radiological-findings-of-unilateral-tuberculous-lung-destruction
#6
REVIEW
Diego Varona Porres, Oscar Persiva, Esther Pallisa, Jordi Andreu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this report is to identify the radiological findings of unilateral tuberculous lung destruction (UTLD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients with (UTLD) were reviewed from 1999 to 2014. Only patients with radiological evidence of absence of pulmonary parenchyma preserved were included. Clinical and demographic data were obtained and radiological studies (chest radiograph and CT) were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The left lung was more commonly involved (85%)...
February 14, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160261/imaging-of-the-ulcerated-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Vasileios Rafailidis, Ioannis Chryssogonidis, Thomas Tegos, Konstantinos Kouskouras, Afroditi Charitanti-Kouridou
Carotid atherosclerotic disease constitutes a major modern health problem whose diagnosis primarily relies on imaging. Grading of stenosis has been long used as the main factor for risk stratification and guiding of management. Nevertheless, increasing evidence has shown that additional plaque characteristics such as plaque composition and surface morphology play an important role in the occurrence of symptoms, justifying the term "vulnerable plaque". Carotid plaque surface characteristics either in the form of surface irregularities or ulceration represent an important factor of vulnerability and are associated with the occurrence of neurologic symptoms...
February 3, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127678/gallbladder-adenomyomatosis-imaging-findings-tricks-and-pitfalls
#8
REVIEW
Matteo Bonatti, Norberto Vezzali, Fabio Lombardo, Federica Ferro, Giulia Zamboni, Martina Tauber, Giampietro Bonatti
Gallbladder adenomyomatosis (GA) is a benign alteration of the gallbladder wall that can be found in up to 9% of patients. GA is characterized by a gallbladder wall thickening containing small bile-filled cystic spaces (i.e., the Rokitansky-Aschoff sinuses, RAS). The bile contained in RAS may undergo a progressive concentration process leading to crystal precipitation and calcification development. A correct characterization of GA is fundamental in order to avoid unnecessary cholecystectomies. Ultrasound (US) is the imaging modality of choice for diagnosing GA; the use of high-frequency probes and a precise focal depth adjustment enable correct identification and characterization of GA in the majority of cases...
January 26, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108955/-unforgettable-a-pictorial-essay-on-anatomy-and-pathology-of-the-hippocampus
#9
REVIEW
Sven Dekeyzer, Isabelle De Kock, Omid Nikoubashman, Stephanie Vanden Bossche, Ruth Van Eetvelde, Jeroen De Groote, Marjan Acou, Martin Wiesmann, Karel Deblaere, Eric Achten
The hippocampus is a small but complex anatomical structure that plays an important role in spatial and episodic memory. The hippocampus can be affected by a wide range of congenital variants and degenerative, inflammatory, vascular, tumoral and toxic-metabolic pathologies. Magnetic resonance imaging is the preferred imaging technique for evaluating the hippocampus. The main indications requiring tailored imaging sequences of the hippocampus are medically refractory epilepsy and dementia. The purpose of this pictorial review is threefold: (1) to review the normal anatomy of the hippocampus on MRI; (2) to discuss the optimal imaging strategy for the evaluation of the hippocampus; and (3) to present a pictorial overview of the most common anatomic variants and pathologic conditions affecting the hippocampus...
January 20, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105559/mature-cystic-teratoma-of-the-ovary-a-cutting-edge-overview-on-imaging-features
#10
REVIEW
Hilal Sahin, Samir Abdullazade, Muzaffer Sanci
Mature cystic teratoma (MCT) is the most common neoplasm of the ovary and includes at least two well- differentiated germ cell layers. Different combinations of mature tissue derivatives with varying arrangements in the tumour cause a wide spectrum of radiological presentation ranging from a purely cystic mass to a complex cystic mass with a considerable solid component. In different imaging modalities, each radiological feature reflects a specific pathologic equivalent that forms because of diverse compositions of histological components...
January 19, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205026/common-strategic-research-agenda-for-radiation-protection-in-medicine
#11
(no author information available yet)
Reflecting the change in funding strategies for European research projects, and the goal to jointly improve medical radiation protection through sustainable research efforts, five medical societies involved in the application of ionising radiation (European Association of Nuclear Medicine, EANM; European Federation of Organizations for Medical Physics. EFOMP; European Federation of Radiographer Societies, EFRS; European Society of Radiology, ESR; European Society for Radiotherapy and Oncology, ESTRO) have identified research areas of common interest and developed this first edition of the Common Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) for medical radiation protection...
April 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211023/ecr-2017-book-of-abstracts
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058662/os-peroneum-imaging-normal-appearance-and-pathological-findings
#13
REVIEW
Stefano Bianchi, Chandra Bortolotto, Ferdinando Draghi
The os peroneum (OP) is a small sesamoid bone located inside the peroneus longus tendon (PLT), close to the cuboid. The OP can be the cause of pain and can be associated with lesions of the PLT. OP involvement in PLT disorders is frequently misdiagnosed by radiologists. Painful os peroneum syndrome (POPS) refers to a variety of conditions presenting with pain localized on the lateral aspect of the cuboid area. The syndrome can be observed as a consequence of local acute trauma such as ankle sprains or chronic overuse...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050791/radiological-diagnosis-of-perinephric-pathology-pictorial-essay-2015
#14
REVIEW
Goran Mitreski, Tom Sutherland
The perinephric space, shaped as an inverted cone, sits between the anterior and posterior renal fasciae. It can play host to a variety of clinical conditions encountered daily in the reporting schedule for a radiologist. Lesions may be classified and diagnosed based on their imaging characteristics, location and distribution. A broad range of differential diagnoses can be attributed to pathology sitting within this space, often without clinical signs or symptoms. An understanding of commonly encountered conditions affecting the perinephric space, along with characteristic imaging findings, can illustrate and often narrow the likely diagnosis...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044260/summary-of-the-proceedings-of-the-international-forum-2016-imaging-referral-guidelines-and-clinical-decision-support-how-can-radiologists-implement-imaging-referral-guidelines-in-clinical-routine
#15
(no author information available yet)
The International Forum is held once a year by the ESR and its international radiological partner societies with the aim to address and discuss selected subjects of global relevance in radiology. In 2016, the issue of implementing imaging referral guidelines in clinical routine was analysed. The legal environment in the USA requires that after January 1, 2017, physicians must consult government-approved, evidence-based appropriate-use criteria through a clinical decision support system when ordering advanced diagnostic imaging exams...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004274/imaging-biomarkers-of-dementia-recommended-visual-rating-scales-with-teaching-cases
#16
REVIEW
Lars-Olof Wahlund, Eric Westman, Danielle van Westen, Anders Wallin, Sara Shams, Lena Cavallin, Elna-Marie Larsson
The diagnostic work up of dementia may benefit from structured reporting of CT and/or MRI and the use of standardised visual rating scales. We advocate a more widespread use of standardised scales as part of the workflow in clinical and research evaluation of dementia. We propose routine clinical use of rating scales for medial temporal atrophy (MTA), global cortical atrophy (GCA) and white matter hyperintensities (WMH). These scales can be used for evaluation of both CT and MRI and are efficient in routine imaging assessment in dementia, and may improve the accuracy of diagnosis...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966195/beyond-bronchitis-a-review-of-the-congenital-and-acquired-abnormalities-of-the-bronchus
#17
REVIEW
Thomas Marini, Susan K Hobbs, Abhishek Chaturvedi, Kathrine Kaproth-Joslin
Anomalies of the bronchus can be both congenital and acquired. Several different congenital aberrations of the bronchial anatomy are commonly encountered including tracheal bronchus, accessory cardiac bronchus, and bronchial agenesis/aplasia/hypoplasia. In addition, Williams-Campbell syndrome and cystic fibrosis are two other congenital conditions that result in bronchial pathology. Acquired pathology affecting the bronchi can typically be divided into three broad categories of bronchial disease: bronchial wall thickening, dilatation/bronchiectasis, and obstruction/stenosis...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957702/imaging-of-plantar-fascia-disorders-findings-on-plain-radiography-ultrasound-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#18
REVIEW
Ferdinando Draghi, Salvatore Gitto, Chandra Bortolotto, Anna Guja Draghi, Gioia Ori Belometti
Plantar fascia (PF) disorders commonly cause heel pain and disability in the general population. Imaging is often required to confirm diagnosis. This review article aims to provide simple and systematic guidelines for imaging assessment of PF disease, focussing on key findings detectable on plain radiography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Sonographic characteristics of plantar fasciitis include PF thickening, loss of fibrillar structure, perifascial collections, calcifications and hyperaemia on Doppler imaging...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928712/error-and-discrepancy-in-radiology-inevitable-or-avoidable
#19
REVIEW
Adrian P Brady
Errors and discrepancies in radiology practice are uncomfortably common, with an estimated day-to-day rate of 3-5% of studies reported, and much higher rates reported in many targeted studies. Nonetheless, the meaning of the terms "error" and "discrepancy" and the relationship to medical negligence are frequently misunderstood. This review outlines the incidence of such events, the ways they can be categorized to aid understanding, and potential contributing factors, both human- and system-based. Possible strategies to minimise error are considered, along with the means of dealing with perceived underperformance when it is identified...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905071/imaging-of-patellar-fractures
#20
REVIEW
Mohamed Jarraya, Luis E Diaz, William F Arndt, Frank W Roemer, Ali Guermazi
Patellar fractures account for approximately 1% of all skeletal fractures and may result from direct, indirect, or combined trauma. Because of the importance of patellar integrity for knee extension and the risk of associated injury to the extensor mechanism, accurate reporting and description of fracture type is paramount for appropriate management. This pictorial essay aims to review the normal anatomy of the patella, the mechanisms of injury and different types of patellar fractures, with a brief introduction to therapeutic management...
February 2017: Insights Into Imaging
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