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Case Reports in Ophthalmology

John W Hinkle, Nidhi Relhan, Harry W Flynn
Background: Lipemia retinalis is a rare but known complication of elevated serum triglycerides. This case describes the clinical course of a diabetic patient who presented with lipemia retinalis and macular edema, which responded to systemic and local treatments. Case Report: A 40-year-old female with a history of type II diabetes mellitus, hypertriglyceridemia, and pancreatitis presented with decreased vision in the left eye. She had peripapillary and macular edema, intraretinal hemorrhages, and prominent exudates in the setting of lipemia retinalis due to type IV hypertriglyceridemia...
September 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Mark Krauthammer, Jorje Mandelblum, Oriel Spierer
Purpose: To report the case of a patient with corneal blood staining after a complicated cataract surgery. Observations: We report on a 68-year-old woman who developed corneal blood staining secondary to hyphema after cataract surgery, despite the fact that intraocular pressure was not increased for a prolonged time. The corneal staining spontaneously cleared from the periphery towards the center. It was fully resolved after 2.5 years of follow-up. Conclusions and Importance: In case of hyphema induced by cataract surgery, performance of early anterior chamber washout should be considered to prevent corneal blood staining and poor visual outcome...
September 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Luca Rosignoli, Stephen Myles Potter, Andres Gonzalez, Sarina Amin, Syed G Khurshid
We report a case of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) that developed 1 month after an intralesional injection of triamcinolone acetonide that was administered during removal of a chalazion. The subretinal fluid and ipsilateral visual acuity (VA) worsened with initial observation. The edema resolved with verteporfin photodynamic therapy (PDT) 1 month after diagnosis, but VA did not improve during short-term follow-up. We conclude that CSC can occur as a complication of low-dose intrapalpebral corticosteroid administration and provide another example of the therapeutic role of PDT in the management of this disease...
September 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Vânia Lages, João Coelho, Carolina Abreu, Maria João Menéres, Irene Barbosa
We describe a case of an asymptomatic and spontaneous intracorneal hemorrhage in an adult with congenital glaucoma and blood collected in a Haab stria.
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Piotr Kanclerz, Andrzej Grzybowski
Due to high complexity, vitreoretinal surgery presents a higher number of patient safety incidents compared with other ophthalmic procedures. Intraocular gases are one of the most useful adjuncts to vitrectomy and surprisingly, surgeons commonly admit to having occasional problems with incorrect gas concentration. The aim of this study is to present a consecutive case series of patients with improper concentration of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6 ) applied during vitrectomy. Three patients underwent 27-gauge vitrectomy and at the end of surgery inappropriate dilution of 100% SF6 was administered...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Takako Hidaka, Hideki Chuman, Nobuhisa Nao-I
A 79-year-old man who had been diagnosed with small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) complained of right ocular pain and blurred vision. His right intraocular pressure (IOP) was 30 mm Hg, and anterior chamber cells and multiple grayish white iris masses associated with peripheral anterior synechia (PAS) and neovascularization of the right iris were observed. We presumed that the iris masses were iris metastasis of SCLC. Despite therapy with topical eye drops and oral acetazolamide, the IOP was poorly controlled, so we injected intravitreal bevacizumab into his right eye for neovascular glaucoma...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Mona K Koaik, Ahmad M Mansour, Alain Saad, Samir G Farah
Purpose: The BrightOcular® implants are the newest model of cosmetic iris devices that are currently advertised as safe. The previous generation known as NewColorIris® have had severe ocular side effects and were subsequently withdrawn from the market. There is little literature on the safety profile of BrightOcular® implants. Case Report: Herein we describe two cases with varying degrees of ocular tolerability. The first case had a normal ocular exam 1 year after implantation, whereas the second case had unilateral severe corneal edema requiring explantation of the iris device and Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty 9 months after bilateral implantation...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Hisashi Matsubara, Eriko Uchiyama, Katsuya Suzuki, Yoshito Matsuda, Mineo Kondo
Focal choroidal excavation (FCE) is described as an excavated lesion of the choroid that can be detected by optical coherence tomography (OCT). While the exact pathogenesis of FCE remains unclear, it has been proposed in some cases that there is an association with the inflammation in the outer retina. We present a case of FCE development that was detected by spectral domain OCT (SD-OCT) and found to be associated with multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS). A 40-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed with MEWDS based on multiple white dots observed from the posterior pole to the midperiphery, along with yellow granularity in the fovea...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Khaled Helaiwa, Kai Januschowski, Karl T Boden, Annekatrin Rickmann
Purpose: The aim of this article is to report an unusual case of postoperative graft loss into the vitreous cavity after Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in a patient with an unstable iris-lens diaphragm (scleral-fixated intraocular lens [sf-IOL]) and its successful retrieval with a favourable outcome. Methods: This is a retrospective case report. Results: DMEK procedure was performed in a vitrectomized eye of an 80-year-old woman with pre-existing sf-IOL due to pseudophakic bullous keratopathy...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Ali Osman Saatci, Ziya Ayhan, Aylin Yaman, Elcin Bora, Ayfer Ulgenalp, Salih Kavukcu
A 12-year-old girl with bilateral stage 2B Coats disease was screened meticulously for a possible underlying systemic disease as she was female and the disease was bilateral. Full systemic workout turned out to be unremarkable. However, an ABCA4 gene mutation was found in the genetic analysis. NDP and TINF2 gene mutations were not present. She was successfully treated with a bilateral, single intravitreal injection of dexamethasone implant and a single session of indirect laser photocoagulation with a relatively good anatomic and functional result...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Stephen A LoBue, Fukutaro Mano, Erin Schaefer, Thomas D LoBue
Purpose: To report a case of a patient with unilateral Adie's pupil who underwent bilateral cataract extraction with multifocal and monofocal posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. Methods: A 74-year-old woman presented to our institution complaining of worsening near vision. Gross examination revealed a 6-mm fixed pupil on the right eye (OD) and a 5-mm pupil reacting to 3 mm with light on the left eye (OS). Slit lamp examination revealed a tonic pupil with an exaggerated pupillary constriction to dilute pilocarpine OD...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Raffaele Antonio Esposito, Alessandra Rosati, Giuseppe Mannino, Gianluca Scuderi
We report the case of a patient presented to the emergency department because of a contusive trauma from a pressurized bottled drink cap. During the visit, the patient indicated that he had been hit in his left eye by a cork while he was opening a sparkling wine bottle. He underwent a total ophthalmology examination. He had an important reduction of visual acuity, corneal swelling, Descemet's folds, and hyphema. Therefore, we decided to perform ultrabiomicroscopy (UBM) of the anterior segment to study the endothelial damage and Descemet's membrane...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Alessandra Rosati, Raffaele Antonio Esposito, Giuseppe Mannino, Gianluca Scuderi
Aim: To investigate the efficacy of intravitreal injection of ocriplasmin (JETREA®) in the treatment of vitreomacular traction (VMT). Materials and Methods: An 81-year-old man with VMT associated with central retinal vein occlusion in his left eye, was treated with a single intravitreal injection of ocriplasmin (25 μg). Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), ocular fundus, and optical coherence tomography were examined before and after treatment. Results: Complete release of VMT produced a reduction of central macular thickness, ranging from 459 to 141 μm...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Sotaro Mori, Takuji Kurimoto, Kaori Ueda, Hiroko Enomoto, Mari Sakamoto, Yukako Keshi, Yuko Yamada, Makoto Nakamura
Background: Recent immune therapy with checkpoint inhibitors (CPIs) has demonstrated remarkable antitumor effects on specific tumors, such as malignant lymphoma and non-small cell lung carcinoma. By contrast, CPIs cause an imbalance in the immune system, triggering a wide range of immunological side effects termed immune-related adverse effects (irAEs). Here, we report a rare case of optic neuritis and hypopituitarism during anti-programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) antibody treatment. Case Presentation: A patient with non-small cell lung carcinoma received anti-PD-L1 antibody treatment every 3 weeks; however, the patient started experiencing headaches, general fatigue, anorexia, and diarrhea approximately 1 year after the initiation of the treatment...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Reem Younis, Eran Berkowitz, Roni Shreter, Anat Kesler, Itzhak Braverman
Purpose: To report a case of right eye blindness due to a penetrating injury in the contralateral nostril. Methods: This is a case report of a 67-year-old patient who presented to the emergency room complaining of transient blurred vision in his right eye after falling on a small branch with no apparent injury besides minor lacerations. The following day, the patient experienced blindness in the right eye. Physical examination revealed small lacerations on his left forehead and optic neuropathy on the right side with no other obvious discerning physical or imaging abnormalities...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Yuta Takata, Yasuhito Nitta, Akio Miyakoshi, Atsushi Hayashi
Purpose: To report 2 cases of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) who underwent retinal endovascular surgery with injection of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) into the retinal artery and showed a remarkable improvement in visual acuity and retinal circulation. Methods: Standard 25-G vitrectomy was performed under local anesthesia. Simultaneously, tPA (80,000 units/mL) solution was injected into the retinal artery of the optic disc for 2-3 min using a microneedle...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Dinu Stanescu-Segall, Chong Yap, Ben J L Burton
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to report a case series of patients with acute macular neureretinopathy in which patients concomitantly used ephedrine or pseudo-ephedrine. Methods: This is a retrospective case review. Results: Two patients with retinal findings consistent with acute macular neuroretinopathy are presented. Conclusion: Acute macular neuroretinopathy should be considered in any young patient with unexplained loss of vision and exposed to direct or indirect adrenergic stimulation...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Napaporn Tananuvat, Sumet Supalaset, Muanploy Niparugs, Siriporn Chongkae, Nongnuch Vanittanakom
Background: Ocular basidiobolomycosis is an unusual infection caused by fungus of the order Entomophthorales. This fungus has been previously reported as a common cause of skin, subcutaneous, and gastrointestinal tract infection. The fungus isolation and its typical characteristics are clues for diagnosis of this uncommon pathogen. Case Report: A 47-year-old male patient with nodular scleritis in the left eye after an eye injury from sawdust was treated as bacterial scleritis...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Jesús Téllez, José I Vela, Sabina Luna, Rubén Delgado
Purpose: To report a case in which an early, massive silicone oil migration into the subconjunctival space occurred in a patient after sutureless vitrectomy with the presence of a previously implanted pars plana glaucoma drainage device. Case Report: An 80-year-old man presented with neovascular glaucoma secondary to a proliferative diabetic retinopathy in his left eye. After an intracamerular bevacizumab injection and panretinal photocoagulation, a 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with a superotemporal Ahmed pars plana glaucoma valve implantation was performed...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Minatsu Tanaka, Fumiko Matsumoto, Shunji Kusaka
Binocular vision may be compromised in children after unilateral cataract surgery because the distances at which clear vision is present are different for the two eyes. We believe that wearing progressive additional lenses can be effective in improving the binocular vision in children with pseudophakia.
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
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