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Case Reports in Ophthalmology

Jesús Téllez, José I Vela, Sabina Luna, Rubén Delgado
Purpose: To report a case in which an early, massive silicone oil migration into the subconjunctival space occurred in a patient after sutureless vitrectomy with the presence of a previously implanted pars plana glaucoma drainage device. Case Report: An 80-year-old man presented with neovascular glaucoma secondary to a proliferative diabetic retinopathy in his left eye. After an intracamerular bevacizumab injection and panretinal photocoagulation, a 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with a superotemporal Ahmed pars plana glaucoma valve implantation was performed...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Minatsu Tanaka, Fumiko Matsumoto, Shunji Kusaka
Binocular vision may be compromised in children after unilateral cataract surgery because the distances at which clear vision is present are different for the two eyes. We believe that wearing progressive additional lenses can be effective in improving the binocular vision in children with pseudophakia.
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Tri Rejeki Herdiana, Yasuhiro Takahashi, Ma Regina Paula Valencia, Marian Grace Ana-Magadia, Hirohiko Kakizaki
Purpose: To report a case of periocular necrotizing fasciitis with toxic shock syndrome. Methods: This is a case report of a previously healthy 69-year-old woman with left preseptal eyelid infection that spread rapidly and deteriorated into necrosis of the eyelid with toxic shock syndrome. She was admitted to intensive care unit for hemodynamic stabilization. Results: Intravenous antibiotic and high-dose immunoglobulin were administered followed by surgical debridement...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Leopoldo Spadea, Emanuele Tonti, Andrea Spaterna, Andrea Marchegiani
Conjunctivitis, keratoconjunctivitis, and corneal ulcers are common eye disorders frequently diagnosed in both humans and animals, and are currently treated by topical administration of eye drops containing anti-inflammatory and antibacterial agents. The current molecules often lack efficacy because infections in hypoxic tissue contain methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ; thus, new products for the treatment of ocular pain and inflammation are needed. The use of ozone, a molecule stabilized for topical use as an ozonide, could be providential due to its anti-inflammatory and bactericidal activity in certain anterior segment pathologies, in addition to promoting tissue repair properties...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Justin B Hellman, Edward Bradley Strong, Lily Koo Lin
A 79-year-old female with a history of keratoconjunctivitis sicca presented with several years of epiphora of both eyes. Thirteen years earlier, intracanalicular Herrick lacrimal plugs (Lacrimedics, Eastsound, WA, USA) had been placed in both eyes to treat her dry eye syndrome. After 13 years the patient felt the epiphora was intolerable and underwent endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) of the left, then the right side. Intraoperatively, during the right endoscopic DCR, a Herrick lacrimal plug was found in the common canaliculus into the lacrimal sac...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Karen R Brown, Sander R Dubovy, Nidhi Relhan, Harry W Flynn
Purpose: Proliferative vitreoretinopathy is a well-known cause of failure of retinal detachment surgery. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate the clinical occurrence and histopathology of a horizontal subretinal band ("clothesline" configuration) creating recurrent and persistent retinal detachment. Observations: A 67-year-old Hispanic female with diabetes type 2 and a history of retinal detachment surgery in the left eye (OS) presented with decreased vision OS...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Olav H Haugen, Sten Andréasson, Lars Ersland, Alexander R Craven, Kenneth Hugdahl
We present a case of a young female with a slowly progressing visual impairment who was examined with multifocal visual evoked potentials and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) for underlying neuronal abnormality. The fMRI examination consisted of presenting black-and-white checkerboard stimuli, and her activation patterns were compared to the patterns from 4 normal-sighted subjects. The results showed clear differences in neuronal activation between the patient and the controls in the occipital and parietal lobes...
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Tao Ming Thomas Chia, Hoon C Jung
We report a case of patient dissatisfaction after sequential myopic and hyperopic LASIK in the same eye. We discuss the course of management for this patient involving eventual cataract extraction and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation with attention to the IOL power calculation method used.
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Ahmad M Mansour
We present the case of a 46-year-old woman with sympathetic ophthalmia occurring 27 years after complicated juvenile cataract surgeries. The patient declined systemic immunosuppressive therapy. Dexamethasone implant in the sympathizing eye allowed good visual recovery up to 18 months of follow-up with a total of 6 implants. Intraocular pressure rise was controlled medically. This is a unique report of sympathetic ophthalmia treated solely with slow-release dexamethasone implant without systemic therapies.
May 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Kajo Bucan, Ivna Plestina Borjan, Ivona Bucan, Martina Paradzik Simunovic, Ivan Borjan
The authors report a rare case of nonischemic branch retinal vein occlusion and nonischemic hemiretinal vein occlusion in a patient with impaired fibrinolysis. A 61-year-old woman presented to the Department of Ophthalmology, Clinical Hospital Center Split, Croatia, with acute blurring of vision in the right eye (RE) due to branch retinal vein occlusion. Ophthalmologic evaluation revealed a best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 0.02 in the RE and of 1.0 in the left eye. Ophthalmoscopy and fluorescein angiography of the RE demonstrated signs of nonischemic branch retinal vein occlusion...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Daisuke Sora, Kei Takayama, Manzo Taguchi, Tomohito Sato, Yutaka Sakurai, Takayuki Kanda, Masaru Takeuchi
Purpose: We report a case of topical corticosteroid treatment-resolved rubeosis iridis with neovascular glaucoma (NVG) caused by noninfectious granulomatous uveitis. Case Report: A 61-year-old woman with left ocular pain and blurred vision was referred to our department. Visual acuity and intraocular pressure (IOP) were 20/60 and 37 mm Hg in the left eye, respectively. Inflammatory cells, hyphema, and rubeosis iridis were observed. All laboratory tests, including multiplex polymerase chain reaction for infection using aqueous humor, were negative, and there was neither retinal occlusive vasculitis nor retinal ischemia in the fundus...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Hidenori Tanaka, Koji Hirano, Masayuki Horiguchi
We describe a new technique to prevent an endothelial donor graft from dropping into the vitreous cavity during non-Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (nDSAEK) for extremely mydriatic bullous keratopathy (BK) eyes without capsular support. The patient was a 79-year-old woman who underwent nDSAEK for an extremely mydriatic BK eye with an incomplete barrier between the anterior and posterior chambers. She had undergone argon laser iridotomy for acute glaucoma at the age of 59 years and cataract surgery 3 years later...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Salim Z Asaad, Nazimul Hussain
A 21-year-old female presented with decreased vision in the right eye. Best corrected visual acuity was 6/60 in the right eye and 6/6 in the left eye. Funduscopy of the right eye revealed a subfoveal nodule with surrounding exudates and temporal peripheral retinal vessel telangiectasia with exudation. The patient underwent retinal laser in the areas of telangiectatic vessels and capillary non-perfusion as seen on fundus fluorescein angiography. It was combined with an intravitreal injection of bevacizumab which was repeated twice at monthly intervals...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Ariel Tyring, Oliver Chang, Hoon Jung
We present a case of decreased vision due to the presence of retained Descemet membrane (DM) following Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). A 78-year-old male presented postoperatively from PKP after previous failed DSAEK with retained DM. We present a unique technique for combined surgical resection using bimanual vitrectomy and forceps excision assisted by triamcinolone acetonide for membrane visualization. Histopathological evaluation confirmed incomplete DM removal during the PKP...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Natsuki Monai, Reiko Tanabu, Takayuki Gonome, Katsunori Yokoi, Satoshi Urushidate, Satoko Morohashi, Hideaki Hirai, Akira Kurose, Mitsuru Nakazawa
Purpose: To report a case of recurrent conjunctival papillary sebaceous carcinoma that was successfully treated by a combination of surgical resection, intraoperative topical mitomycin C application, and cryotherapy. Observations: A woman in her 80s developed a yellowish papillary tumor pedunculated from the surface of the upper palpebral tarsal conjunctiva in her left eye. She was histopathologically diagnosed as having sebaceous carcinoma by an excisional biopsy...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Yuka Ito, Masahito Ohji
Background: Congenital simple hamartoma of the retinal pigment epithelium (CSHRPE) is a rare benign tumor of the retinal pigment epithelium characterized by a focal, darkly pigmented nodule in the macular lesion in healthy persons. We report a case of CSHRPE with long-term follow-up. Case: A 41-year-old Japanese woman was incidentally discovered to have a dark lesion on the fundus of the left eye. We evaluated the patient by measuring her best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and by slit-lamp biomicroscopy, fundus color photography, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) over a 10-year period...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Mohammed H Khattab, Annette Wiegand, Marcus Storch, Hans Hoerauf, Nicolas Feltgen
Intraoral local anesthetics are widely used for performing painless dental treatments; however, in some cases, they may cause ocular complications such as meiosis, diplopia, nystagmus, ophthalmoplegia, ptosis, and amaurosis. Mostly, the symptoms disappear after several hours; rarely, they have a prolonged character. We describe the case of a 38-year-old young man who had reduced vision in the left eye 5 days after having received intraoral local anesthesia. A diagnosis of cilioretinal artery occlusion with optic disc swelling was made...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Miyuki Hasegawa, Akira Fukutomi, Akiko Jinno, Kyoko Fujita, Motohiro Kamei
A 66-year-old Japanese woman who was diagnosed with synovitis-acne-pustulosis-hyperostosis-osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome presented with bilateral blurred vision 4 months prior to visiting our hospital. She had visited a local ophthalmology clinic first. She was diagnosed with conjunctivitis and was prescribed antibacterial eye drops. The symptoms persisted in spite of treatment. She was then referred to our hospital. At her initial visit, the visual acuities were 0.6 in both eyes. A slit-lamp examination revealed bilateral shallow anterior chamber, and intraocular pressures of 18 mm Hg in the right eye and 16 mm Hg in the left eye...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Justin Kuiper, Mark Slabaugh
Purpose: To report an unusual case of ectopia lentis and angle closure in a patient with chronic eye rubbing. Methods: A 57-year-old male with a history of poorly controlled atopic dermatitis presented with right eye pain, decreased vision, and an intraocular pressure (IOP) of 55 mm Hg. He had no past history of ocular disease and no reported history of trauma. He did report a history of chronic eye rubbing. Results: Best corrected visual acuity was hand motions...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
Ralph Chu, Briana R Lee
We report two cases that underwent corneal inlay implantation under a femtosecond flap. The first case had no complications during the postoperative period. Pentacam maps remained stable over time: corneal densitometry (CD) values had less than 2 units of change across visits up to 3 years. Axial/sagittal topography maps showed a stable Kmax (∼47 D), i.e., less than 1 D change between visits. The second case developed haze at 8 months postoperatively. CD increased by more than 4 units from 3 to 8 M and Kmax increased by 2...
January 2018: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
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