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Anatomy & Cell Biology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043105/retraction-notice-to-therapeutic-effect-of-prostaglandin-e1-in-monocrotaline-induced-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-rats-by-lee-jc-anat-cell-biol-2017-50-60-8
#1
Jae Chul Lee
[This retracts the article on p. 60 in vol. 50, PMID: 28417056.].
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043104/undescended-cecum-with-accessory-right-colic-artery-a-rare-case-report
#2
Praveen Kumar Ravi, Manisha Rajanand Gaikwad, Pravash Ranjan Mishra, Naina Santosh Wakode, Prabhas Ranjan Tripathy, E Tripati Patro, Babita Kujur, Santosh Laxman Wakode
Midgut malrotation and incomplete rotation are common causes of neonatal intestinal obstruction. At end of 10 week of intrauterine life, cecum will be placed in subhepatic region temporarily and descends to right lower quadrant by eleventh week. Arrest of cecum in subhepatic region or undescended cecum is a rare congenital anomaly of mid gut. Usually, it remains asymptomatic and is diagnosed incidentally. If any pathology occurs in anomalous part, like appendicitis then the diagnosis and treatment will be challenging in all age groups...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043103/unusual-muscle-of-the-anterior-neck-cadaveric-findings-with-surgical-applications
#3
Joe Iwanaga, Yoko Tabira, Christian Fisahn, Fernando Alonso, Koichi Watanabe, Jingo Kusukawa, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
The omohyoid muscle typically has an inferior belly originating from the superior border of the scapula, and then passes deep to the sternocleidomastoid muscle where its superior belly passes almost vertically upward next to the lateral border of sternohyoid to attach to the inferior border of the body of the hyoid bone lateral to the insertion of sternohyoid. Herein, we report an unusual variant of the omohyoid and sternohyoid muscles. As the omohyoid muscle is commonly used as a surgical landmark during neck dissections, knowledge of its variations such as the one described in the current report is important to surgeons...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043102/the-distribution-of-calbindin-d28k-parvalbumin-and-calretinin-immunoreactivity-in-the-inferior-colliculus-of-circling-mouse
#4
Jin-Koo Lee, Myeung Ju Kim
The circling mice with tmie gene mutation are known as an animal deafness model, which showed hyperactive circling movement. Recently, the reinvestigation of circling mouse was performed to check the inner ear pathology as a main lesion of early hearing loss. In this trial, the inner ear organs were not so damaged to cause the hearing deficit of circling (cir/cir) mouse at 18 postnatal day (P18) though auditory brainstem response data indicated hearing loss of cir/cir mice at P18. Thus, another mechanism may be correlated with the early hearing loss of cir/cir mice at P18...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043101/protective-effect-of-rhus-verniciflua-stokes-extract-in-an-experimental-model-of-post-menopausal-osteoporosis
#5
Ji Heun Jeong, Jong Hoon An, Hui Yang, Do-Kyung Kim, Nam-Seob Lee, Young-Gil Jeong, Chun Soo Na, Dae Seung Na, Mi-Sook Dong, Seung Yun Han
Post-menopausal osteoporosis (PMO) is a major global human health concern. Owing to the need for therapeutic drugs without side effects, natural extracts containing various polyphenolic compounds that may exert estrogenic effects have been studied in depth. Rhus verniciflua Stokes (RVS), which has been used as a traditional herbal medicine for centuries in Korea, was recently revealed to exert estrogenic effects attributable to its bioactive ingredients sulfuretin and butein, which have strong estrogen receptor-binding affinities...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043100/expression-of-glucose-transporters-in-the-developing-rat-skin
#6
Chang Seok Oh, Jong Ha Hong, Shun Nu Jin, Wang Jae Lee, Young Soo Lee, Eunju Lee
We found the changed distribution of glucose transporter (GLUT) proteins in the skin during rat development. At 15 days of gestation, GLUT1 and 2 proteins were expressed in the stratum corneum of epidermal cells. In postnatal skin, however, GLUT1 and 2 exhibit different expression patterns. While GLUT1 expression becomes more restricted to the stratum basale with development, GLUT2 was found mainly in stratum spinosum and granulosum, but not being localized in the stratum basale at any stages of perinatal skin development...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043099/lithium-ameliorates-rat-spinal-cord-injury-by-suppressing-glycogen-synthase-kinase-3%C3%AE-and-activating-heme-oxygenase-1
#7
Yonghoon Kim, Jeongtae Kim, Meejung Ahn, Taekyun Shin
Glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3β and related enzymes are associated with various forms of neuroinflammation, including spinal cord injury (SCI). Our aim was to evaluate whether lithium, a non-selective inhibitor of GSK-3β, ameliorated SCI progression, and also to analyze whether lithium affected the expression levels of two representative GSK-3β-associated molecules, nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf-2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) (a target gene of Nrf-2). Intraperitoneal lithium chloride (80 mg/kg/day for 3 days) significantly improved locomotor function at 8 days post-injury (DPI); this was maintained until 14 DPI (P<0...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043098/spermidine-is-protective-against-kidney-ischemia-and-reperfusion-injury-through-inhibiting-dna-nitration-and-parp1-activation
#8
Jinu Kim
Kidney ischemia and reperfusion injury (IRI) is associated with a high mortality rate, which is attributed to tubular oxidative and nitrative stresses; however, an effective approach to limit IRI remains elusive. Spermidine, a naturally occurring polyamine, protects yeast cells against aging through the inhibition of oxidative stress and necrosis. In the present study, spermidine supplementation markedly attenuated histological damage and kidney dysfunction during IRI. In addition, exogenous spermidine potently inhibited poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) activation and DNA nitrative/oxidative stress following IRI...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043097/histological-study-on-the-effect-of-nicotine-on-adult-male-guinea-pig-thin-skin
#9
Sohair A Eltony, Safaa S Ali
Tobacco smoking has been identified as an important factor in premature skin aging to detect the histological changes occurred in adult male guinea pig thin skin under the influence of low and high doses of nicotine; which constitutes approximately 0.6%-3.0% of the dry weight of tobacco. Fifteen adult male pigmented guinea pigs were equally divided into three groups: group I, control; group IIA, low dose nicotine treated; 3 mg/kg subcutaneously for 4 weeks; and group IIB, high dose nicotine treated; 6 mg/kg subcutaneously for 4 weeks...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043096/sex-determination-using-humeral-dimensions-in-a-sample-from-kwazulu-natal-an-osteometric-study
#10
Oluwatosin Olalekan Ogedengbe, Sunday Adelaja Ajayi, Omobola Aderibigbe Komolafe, Aung Khaing Zaw, Edwin Coleridge Stephen Naidu, Onyemaechi Okpara Azu
The morphological characteristics of the humeral bone has been investigated in recent times with studies showing varying degrees of sexual dimorphism. Osteologists and forensic scientists have shown that sex determination methods based on skeletal measurements are population specific, and these population-specific variations are present in many body dimensions. The present study aims to establish sex identification using osteometric standards for the humerus in a contemporary KwaZulu-Natal population. A total of 11 parameters were measured in a sample of n=211 humeri (males, 113; females, 98) from the osteological collection in the Discipline of Clinical Anatomy, Nelson R...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043095/applied-anatomy-today-s-requirement-for-clinical-medicine-courses
#11
Ahmad Farrokhi, Masoume Soleymaninejad, Mehrdad Ghorbanlou, Ramazan Fallah, Reza Nejatbakhsh
Anatomy as an indispensable part of the medical curricula, offering impeccable knowledge, prepares the students to enter the practical atmosphere. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical application of anatomy courses of the medical students in Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 with census sampling on all clinical students (trainees and interns). To collect feedback from students, the questionnaire designed by researchers was used. The Likert rating scale of very high, high, medium, low, and very low was considered and scores of 5 (very high) to 1 (very low) were applied...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043094/mid-foot-retinaculum-an-unrecognized-entity
#12
Swathi, Geetha Gangadaran Nellithala, Sunita Arvind Athavale
Retinacula are thickenings of deep fascia in the region of joints that hold down the tendons preventing them from bowing out of position. In the region of ankle, number of such retinacula have been described. Retinacula like superior and inferior extensor retinacula have been described which hold down the tendons of leg muscles passing to the foot beneath them. As the extensor tendons of the leg have more distal attachment to the toes, the present study was conducted to ascertain the presence of any additional retinaculum in the mid-foot region, which would tie down the tendons for their effective action at the distal joints...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043093/anatomical-study-of-petrous-and-cavernous-parts-of-internal-carotid-artery
#13
Manisha Vijaywargiya, Rashmi Deopujari, Sunita Arvind Athavale
The petrous and cavernous parts of internal carotid artery (ICA) are obscure and are not readily accessible to observation/imaging. These parts have broad biological and medical interest because of their peculiar shape. Given the their clinical importance and the scarce data available based mostly on imaging, the present study was aimed at studying these parts of ICA by dissection. The study was carried out on 56 ICAs obtained from embalmed adult cadavers and 10 ICAs from five fetuses. The foetal ICAs were studied in situ...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713622/erratum-to-evaluation-of-shla-g-levels-in-serum-of-patients-with-prostate-cancer-identify-as-a-potential-of-tumor-marker
#14
Mohammad Hassan Heidari, Abolfazl Movafagh, Mohammad-Amin Abdollahifar, Shabnam Abdi, Mohamadreza Mashhoudi Barez, Hadi Azimi, Afshin Moradi, Amin Bagheri, Matineh Heidari, Jafar Hessam Mohseni, Maryam Tadayon, Hoda Mirsafian, Mahdi Ghatrehsamani
[This corrects the article on p. 69 in vol. 50, PMID: 28417057.].
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713621/surgical-and-radiological-importance-of-a-rare-cysto-duodeno-colic-peritoneal-fold
#15
Satheesha B Nayak, Bincy M George, Snigdha Mishra, Surekha D Shetty, Srinivasa Rao Sirasanagandla, Abhinitha Padavinangadi
It is quite common to see abnormal peritoneal folds in the abdominal cavity. Some of them might compress or strangulate the viscera and others might determine the direction of the flow of peritoneal fluid, pus or blood. Many unusual clinically important peritoneal folds such as Ladd's band, cysto-gastro-colic fold, omento-cystic fold, and cysto-colic fold have been reported earlier. Knowledge of these folds is important for radiologists, gastroenterologists, and surgeons. We report an unusual cysto-duodeno-colic fold observed during our dissection classes...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713620/supernumerary-lumbar-ribs-a-rare-occurrence-on-an-adult-african-male-skeleton
#16
Samson Chengetanai, Elsie K Nchabeleng, Nicholas Bacci, Brendon K Billings, Pedzisai Mazengenya
Supernumerary lumbar ribs are usually asymptomatic and discovered incidentally during routine diagnostic radiography. During a routine inventory of the research skeletal repository at the University of the Witwatersrand, a rare case of bilateral supernumerary ribs on the first lumbar vertebra was observed. The skeletal specimen belonged to a 70-year-old African male whose recorded cause of death was esophageal carcinoma. Plain radiography revealed bilateral joint cavities between the transverse processes of the first lumbar vertebra and the supernumerary ribs...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713619/functional-and-clinical-importance-of-a-large-sized-ostium-secundum-defect-in-a-middle-aged-female-cadaver-a-case-report
#17
Satheesha B Nayak
Atrial septal defect (ASD) is one of the common congenital anomalies of the heart in humans. Its complications depend on the size of the defect and can manifest at any age. The common symptoms of ASD include dyspnea and fatigue. Most of the ASDs are associated with morbidity and mortality, Earlier the treatment, it is better to the patient. I saw a large ostium secundum defect in the heart of an adult female cadaver during dissection classes for undergraduate medical students. The interatrial septum had large defect at the region where fossa ovalis should have been located...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713618/vanillin-and-4-hydroxybenzyl-alcohol-attenuate-cognitive-impairment-and-the-reduction-of-cell-proliferation-and-neuroblast-differentiation-in-the-dentate-gyrus-in-a-mouse-model-of-scopolamine-induced-amnesia
#18
Yang Hee Kim, Joon Ha Park
4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde (vanillin) and 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol (4-HBA) are natural phenolic compounds, which present in many plants and have diverse biological properties. In this study, we examined effects of vanillin and 4-HBA on learning and memory function, cell proliferation, and neuroblast differentiation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus in a mouse model of scopolamine-induced amnesia. Scopolamine (SCO; 1 mg/kg/day, intraperitoneally), vanillin, and 4-HBA (40 mg/kg/day, orally) were administered for 28 days...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713617/age-related-change-of-iba-1-immunoreactivity-in-the-adult-and-aged-gerbil-spinal-cord
#19
Kwon Young Lee, Joo Yeon Kang, Jung Im Yun, Jin Young Chung, In Koo Hwang, Moo Ho Won, Jung Hoon Choi
In the present study, we examined change of ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule 1 (Iba-1) in the adult and aged gerbil spinal cords. Significant change of morphological feature and neuronal cell loss were not observed in both adult and aged spinal cords of gerbil after NeuN immunohistochemistry and Fluoro-Jade B histofluoresce staining. Iba-1-immunoreactive microglia broadly distributed in the spinal cord. Most of Iba-1-immunoreactive microglia showed ramified forms in the adult gerbil cervical and lumbar spinal cords...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713616/baicalein-wogonin-and-scutellaria-baicalensis-ethanol-extract-alleviate-ovalbumin-induced-allergic-airway-inflammation-and-mast-cell-mediated-anaphylactic-shock-by-regulation-of-th1-th2-imbalance-and-histamine-release
#20
Thi Tho Bui, Chun Hua Piao, Chang Ho Song, Chang-Hyun Lee, Hee Soon Shin, Ok Hee Chai
Asthma is characterized by chronic inflammation, goblet cell hyperplasia, the aberrant production of the Th2 cytokines, and eosinophil infiltration into the lungs. In this study, we examined the effects of baicalein, wogonin, and Scutellaria baicalensis ethanol extract on ovalbumin (OVA)-induced asthma by evaluating Th1/Th2 cytokine levels, histopathologic analysis, and compound 48/80-induced systemic anaphylaxis and mast cell activation, focusing on the histamine release from rat peritoneal mast cells. Baicalein, wogonin, and S...
June 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
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