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Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673014/the-clinical-characteristics-of-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-patients-with-chronic-renal-failure
#1
Hongtao Hu, Shen Xu, Shuang Hu, Weijia Xu, Hua Shui
Few studies have investigated posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). The present study analyzed the clinical manifestations, laboratory examinations and imaging features of PRES in patients with CRF. A total of 42 patients with CRF with or without PRES were recruited in the current retrospective case-control study. Patient data taken prior to the onset of PRES in patients with CRF and PRES (n=21) were collected and analyzed. At the same time, data from patients with CRF but without PRES (n=21) were also analyzed...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673013/coumarins-from-the-roots-of-angelica-dahurica-cause-anti-allergic-inflammation
#2
Dong Li, Li Wu
Allergic inflammation is induced by allergens and leads to various allergic diseases, including rhinitis, asthma and conjunctivitis. Histamine is important in the pathogenesis of an immunoglobulin E-dependent allergic reaction and results in the secretion of cytokines associated with inflammation. Angelica dahurica (A. dahurica) is a medicinal plant widely used in China for the treatment of symptoms related to allergic inflammation. The present study investigated the chemical constituents from A. dahurica and evaluated their reductive effect on allergic inflammation...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673012/microrna-605-promotes-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-by-directly-targeting-lats2
#3
Ying Ye, Juhua Zhuang, Guoyu Wang, Saifei He, Jing Ni, Wei Xia, Jiening Wang
Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer- associated mortality for men and women worldwide. An increasing number of studies have reported that the abnormal expression of microRNAs contributes to the pathogenesis of the majority of human cancer types, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The present study aimed to measure microRNA-650 (miR-650) expression in NSCLC and evaluate its function in NSCLC cells. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to determine miR-650 expression in NSCLC tissue samples and cell lines...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673011/tribbles-homolog-1-enhances-cholesterol-efflux-from-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-loaded-thp-1-macrophages
#4
Yanhua Fu, Yang Zhao, Bin Huang
Macrophage foam cell formation plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The protein Tribbles homolog 1 (Trib1), a member of the Tribbles protein family, functions as an adaptor or scaffold protein. Recent studies have indicated its implication in lipoprotein metabolism. In the present study, the role of Trib1 in macrophage foam cell formation was investigated. Oil red O staining was used to analyze intracellular lipid deposition, while the effects of Trib1 overexpression on cholesterol efflux were also examined...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673010/rhubarb-vs-glycerin-enema-for-treatment-of-critically-ill-patients-with-intra-abdominal-hypertension
#5
Bing Wan, Hao Zhang, Jiangtao Yin, Haiyan Fu, Yikun Chen, Liping Yang, Dadong Liu, Tangfeng Lv, Yong Song
Rhubarb has been used as an evacuant for thousands of years. However, recent research has indicated that rhubarb inhibits inflammation and protects organ function. In the current study, the use of rhubarb was investigated in patients with intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH). Specifically, its dual role in attenuating lung and bowel injury by catharsis and inhibiting inflammation was evaluated. Patients in the glycerin group (n=56) received 110 ml of glycerin enema by coloclysis once daily for 7 to 9 days. Patients in the rhubarb group (n=56) were treated with a mixture of 0...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673009/oleanolic-acid-protects-against-diabetic-cardiomyopathy-via-modulation-of-the-nuclear-factor-erythroid-2-and-insulin-signaling-pathways
#6
Wei-Fang Li, Peng Wang, Hua Li, Tian-Yi Li, Ming Feng, Su-Fang Chen
Oleanolic acid (OL) is a pentacyclic triterpene compound used for the treatment of hepatitis, liver fibrosis and liver cirrhosis. In China, there is no published research on the effect or biological utilization of OL on liver diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effects of OL against diabetic cardiomyopathy and its possible mechanism. A rat model of diabetes was established using streptozotocin and the effect of OL on diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) was evaluated. The results demonstrated that OL significantly reversed the DCM-induced changes to body weight, heart rate, echocardiography and hemodynamics, phosphorylated-glycogen synthase (GS) and glycogen phosphorylase (GP) activity in diabetic rats (all P<0...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673008/sesamol-attenuates-oxidative-stress-apoptosis-and-inflammation-in-focal-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#7
Xiu-Juan Gao, Guan-Nan Xie, Lei Liu, Zhi-Jian Fu, Zong-Wang Zhang, Liang-Zhu Teng
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the therapeutic potential of sesamol treatment on focal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the rat brain. The results demonstrated that pretreatment with sesamol seven days prior to focal cerebral I/R injury had significant positive effects, including improvements in neurological deficits (P<0.05), and a reduction in malondialdehyde content and elevation of antioxidant levels (superoxide dismutase, glutathione and glutatione peroxidase; both P<0.05). Furthermore, levels of B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)-associated X protein and caspase-3 were significantly downregulated, whereas the level of Bcl-2 was effectively increased...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673007/cytokine-induced-killer-cell-therapy-for-modulating-regulatory-t-cells-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#8
Baodan Yu, Junli Wang, Chen He, Wei Wang, Jianli Tang, Runhui Zheng, Chengzhi Zhou, Huanhuan Zhang, Zhiping Fu, Qiasheng Li, Jun Xu
Previous studies have reported that regulatory T cells (Tregs), which are physiologically engaged in the maintenance of immunological self-tolerance, have a critical role in the regulation of the antitumor immune response. Targeting Tregs has the potential to augment cancer vaccine approaches. The current study therefore aimed to evaluate the role of cytokine-induced killer (CIK) cell infusion in modulating Tregs in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A total of 15 patients with advanced NSCLC were treated by an infusion of CIK cells derived from autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673006/comparison-of-the-gas-liquid-dual-support-fixation-and-heitzman-fixation-techniques-for-preparing-lung-specimens
#9
Dongsheng Yu, Weili Qu, Haipeng Xia, Xiaofeng Li, Zhenfeng Luan, Renjie Yan, Xiaodong Lu, Peng Zhao
The aim of the present study was to compare the gas-liquid dual support fixation and Heitzman fixation techniques for the preparation of lung specimens. A total of 40 fresh lung samples were surgically collected from 40 male patients with lung cancer by biopsy. Patients were recruited from the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University Medical College (Qingdao, China) between July 2007 and June 2014. Samples were prepared using either the gas-liquid dual support fixation method (group A; n=26) or the Heitzman fixation method (group B; n=14)...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673005/celastrol-inhibits-migration-and-invasion-through-blocking-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-ovarian-cancer-cells
#10
Zhongye Wang, Zhenyuan Zhai, Xiulan Du
Metastatic ovarian cancer is a major clinical challenge with poor prognosis and high mortality. Celastrol is a natural compound that has exhibits antiproliferative activity; however, its effects on metastasis-related phenotypes in ovarian cancer models are unclear. In the current study, the anti-invasive activities and associated signaling pathways of celastrol were determined in ovarian cancer cells. Cell proliferation was tested by MTT assay. Cell migration was detected by wound healing and Transwell assays, while cell invasion was detected by a Matrigel-coated Transwell method...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673004/puerarin-prevents-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-induced-apoptosis-of-pc12-cells-via-activation-of-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#11
Feng Liang, Shenggao Xie
Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), a potential proinflammatory cytokine, is an important component involved in neuronal apoptosis associated with neuroinflammation in the central nervous system. It has been reported that puerarin possesses pharmacological effects, such as anti-apoptotic, antioxidant, anti-osteoporosis, anti-inflammatory, cardioprotective and neuroprotective actions. The aim of the present study was to explore the effect of puerarin on apoptosis induced by TNF-α (3×10(5) U/l) and its detailed mechanisms in PC12 cells...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673003/cucurbitacin-b-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-human-osteosarcoma-cells-via-modulation-of-the-jak2-stat3-and-mapk-pathways
#12
Zhi-Ren Zhang, Ming-Xia Gao, Kai Yang
Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most commonly diagnosed tumor of the bones in children and young adults. Even with conventional therapies the 5-year survival rate is ~65% in patients with OS. Considering the side effects and aggressiveness of malignant bone tumors, research is focussing on multi-targeted strategies in treatment. Cucurbitacin B, a triterpenoid compound has been demonstrated to induce apoptosis in various cancer cell types. The Janus kinase 2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (JAK2/STAT3) signalling cascades and mitogen activated protein kinases (MAPK) signalling cascades are critical regulators of tumorigenesis...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673002/igf-1-may-predict-the-severity-and-outcome-of-patients-with-sepsis-and-be-associated-with-microrna-1-level-changes
#13
Liang Xu, Weijun Zhang, Renhua Sun, Jingquan Liu, Jun Hong, Qian Li, Bangchuan Hu, Fangxiao Gong
IGF-1 functions as an anti-oxidative stress molecule and some critical patients with sepsis have a lower level of serum IGF-1. However, the association between IGF-1 and the severity or prognosis of sepsis remains unclear. This study aimed to elucidate the relationship between serum IGF-1 levels and the severity and prognosis of sepsis, and the possible mechanism was analyzed. Clinical characteristics of patients with sepsis were recorded and analyzed. Serum IGF-1 levels and micro (mi)RNA-1 levels were tested using radioimmunoassay and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) analysis, respectively...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673001/role-of-nuclear-factor-erythroid-derived-2-like-2-in-the-age-resistant-properties-of-the-glaucoma-trabecular-meshwork
#14
Jintao Cheng, Jiamei Liang, Jinze Qi
Glaucoma is a major cause of irreversible blindness. Nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (Nrf2) regulates the expression of numerous antioxidants within cells and is therefore a focus of current ophthalmic research. To determine the roles of Nrf2 in mediating the glaucoma trabecular meshwork (GTM), the present study evaluated the levels of Nrf2 expression in GTM and human trabecular meshwork (HTM) cells by reverse-transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. It was principally observed that Nrf2 expression was downregulated in GTM cells...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673000/effect-of-axl-on-the-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
Xueming Ying, Jun Chen, Xueming Huang, Peng Huang, Shaocong Yan
Non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of cancer-associated mortality in the United States. AXL, which is a member of the receptor tyrosine kinases, has been established as a strong candidate for the targeted therapy of cancer. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the role of AXL in NSCLC; in particular the molecular mechanisms underlying the involvement of AXL in the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot analysis demonstrated that AXL, EMT-inducing Twist and the mesenchymal marker N-cadherin were upregulated, and the epithelial markers E-cadherin and β-cadherin were downregulated, in the PC9 NSCLC cell line...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672999/continuous-intrathecal-administration-of-liposomal-amphotericin-b-for-treatment-of-refractory-cryptococcus-neoformans-encephalitis-a-case-report
#16
Haiting Xie, Peng Luo, Zhongli Li, Rui Li, Haitao Sun, Duobin Wu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the treatment of refractory Cryptococcus neoformans encephalitis with continuous administration of liposomal amphotericin B (AmB). Liposomal AmB was administered to a 28-year-old male by intravenous injection, with daily increasing dosages up to 150 mg per day and combined use of fluconazole (0.4 g per day) and oral flucytosine tablets (1.5 g per day). Following 5 months of treatment, C. neoformans could still be detected in the ink stain of cerebrospinal fluid, but the patient could not tolerate a further increase in the dosage of liposomal AmB...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672998/role-of-angiopoietin-2-in-the-cardioprotective-effect-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-21-on-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-injury-in-h9c2-cardiomyocytes
#17
Shuoqiang Hu, Shujun Cao, Jinghua Liu
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) exerts a protective effect in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced cardiac injury. However, the exact molecular mechanism underlying the FGF21 action remains unclear. The present study aimed to evaluate the role of angiopoietin-2 (Angpt2) in the cardioprotective effect of FGF21. For this purpose, the H9C2 cell line was subjected to simulated I/R or aerobic conditions with or without FGF21 administration. Certain groups were also transfected with Angpt2 small interfering RNA (siRNA)...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672997/anticonvulsant-effect-of-exogenous-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-on-kainic-acid-induced-epilepsy
#18
Jianping Si, Shaohui Wang, Ning Liu, Xiaofei Yang, Ying Wang, Ling Li, Jiwen Wang, Xin Lv
The present study aimed to investigate the anticonvulsant effects of β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) in a kainic acid (KA)-induced rat seizure model. The concentrations of BHB and glucose were detected in the blood prior to exogenous BHB administration. Three different doses of BHB (2, 4 and 8 mmol/kg) were then injected into male Wistar rats intraperitoneally, and the concentrations of BHB and glucose in the blood were detected. Rats received 0.9% normal saline intraperitoneally at a dose of 4 ml/kg as a control...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672996/salvianolic-acid-b-attenuates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury-in-rats-through-inhibition-of-apoptosis-oxidative-stress-and-inflammation
#19
Da-Hai Zhao, Yu-Jie Wu, Shu-Ting Liu, Rong-Yu Liu
The present study was performed to assess the protective effect of salvianolic acid B on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). Sprague Dawley rats were injected with 100 µg/kg LPS through a 24-gauge catheter. One group of rats was pre-treated with salvianolic acid B (1 mg/ml; 20 ml/kg body weight) 1 h prior to LPS challenge, then 20 ml/kg salvianolic acid B every 2 days for 4 weeks thereafter. Salvianolic acid B attenuated LPS-induced increases in the lung wet/dry weight rate and lung tissue injury in ALI model rats...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672995/human-bocavirus-induces-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-human-bronchial-epithelial-cells
#20
You-Ping Deng, Ying-Juan Liu, Zhan-Qiu Yang, Yan-Jun Wang, Bing-Yan He, Pin Liu
Human bocavirus (HBoV) is classified in the Bocavirus genus within the Parvoviridae family, first identified from children with respiratory diseases. Previous studies have investigated the stimulating effect of HBoV on cell apoptosis and autophagy. In the present study, human bronchial epithelial cells (HBECs) were utilized to examine the mechanism of HBoV recombination expressing vector (pWHL-1) on the promotion of cell apoptosis and autophagy. The results from the present study indicated that pWHL-1 inhibited the proliferation of HBECs in a time-dependent manner...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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