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International Journal of Women's Health

Mildren Del Sueldo, Nieves Martell-Claros, María Abad-Cardiel, Judith M Zilberman, Raul Marchegiani, Cristina Fernández-Pérez
Aim: The aim of this study is to find whether the worsening of health perception was related to the menopausal (MNP) state or to its negative consequences on cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRF) and the presence of depression/anxiety. Methods: In this study, 2,562 women, 1,357 (53%) MNP and 1,205 (47%) non-MNP, were analyzed. Blood pressure, heart rate, body mass index, waist circumference, and depression/anxiety screening using the Hospital Depression/Anxiety Scale (HADS) were measured...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Jose R Duncan, Heather L Jones, Stefanie O Hoffer, Mauro H Schenone, Giancarlo Mari
Objective: To compare surgical outcomes in patients undergoing bilateral salpingectomy (salpingectomy group) with those who had partial salpingectomy (partial salpingectomy group) during cesarean delivery. Materials and methods: A chart review from July 2015 to November 2016 was performed. We included women who had sterilization during cesarean delivery. We excluded sterilization by occlusive methods. Our primary outcomes were total operative time and a composite score of transfusion rate, internal organ injury, hospital readmission, and endometritis...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Ivilina Pandeva, Helen Johnson, Mark Slack, Ashish Pradhan
Background: The adverse publicity surrounding the use of mesh for correction of pelvic organ prolapse has driven a renewed interest in native tissue repair. Established techniques used reusable instruments, while recent innovations have generally involved disposable equipment. Here, we compare outcomes between the two techniques used for sacrospinous ligament fixation for the correction of apical prolapse: Miya Hook (reusable) and Capio® (single-use) suturing devices. Methods: A prospective cohort study of women undergoing vaginal sacrospinous colpopexy or hysteropexy was undertaken...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Lea Jean Claye, Swati Sakhuja, Ashley Nutt, Maung Aung, Pauline E Jolly
Background: Antiretroviral therapy has minimized mother-to-child transmission of HIV and given hope to HIV-positive women considering pregnancy. In Jamaica, 36% of HIV-positive pregnant women enrolled in a pediatric/perinatal HIV/AIDS program had repeat pregnancies. Objective: To describe the epidemiology and identify factors associated with pregnancy after HIV diagnosis among HIV-positive women in Western Jamaica. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed among HIV-positive women 18-54 years old who either had or did not have at least one pregnancy after HIV-positive diagnosis...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Ayman G Mustafa, Karem H Alzoubi, Omar F Khabour, Mahmoud A Alfaqih
Purpose: This study aims at investigating the perspectives of Jordanian medical and paramedical students on surrogate pregnancy. Methods: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study design was used. The sample consisted of n=328 students of both genders. The questionnaire responses were numerically coded and analyzed across gender and the level of education. Results: Approximately, 18% of the students reported good awareness about the ethical dilemmas of surrogacy...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Helena Piccinini-Vallis, Michael Vallis
Introduction: Excess gestational weight gain (GWG) is a risk factor for several adverse outcomes for mothers and their offspring. In Nova Scotia, Canada, approximately 60% of women experience excess GWG. Outside the pregnancy arena, a patient-centered approach has been shown to promote increased patient adherence to clinician recommendations, and increased intentions for, and attempts at, behavior change. The 5As of Healthy Pregnancy Weight Gain is a tool that assists clinicians to have patient-centered discussions about GWG...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Nancy A Scott, Elizabeth G Henry, Jeanette L Kaiser, Kaluba Mataka, Peter C Rockers, Rachel M Fong, Thandiwe Ngoma, Davidson H Hamer, Michelle L Munro-Kramer, Jody R Lori
Purpose: Access to skilled care and facilities with capacity to provide emergency obstetric and newborn care is critical to reducing maternal mortality. In rural areas of Zambia, 42% of women deliver at home, suggesting persistent challenges for women in seeking, reaching, and receiving quality maternity care. This study assessed the determinants of home delivery among remote women in rural Zambia. Methods: A household survey was administered to a random selection of recently delivered women living 10 km or more from their catchment area health facility in 40 sites...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Ramkrishna Purohit, Jay Gopal Sharma, Devajani Meher, Sanjay Raosaheb Rakh, Minal Choudhary
Background: Laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign indications in cases with ventrofixed uterus following previous cesarean section (CS) increases the surgeon's concern of bladder injury. The present study describes a laparovaginal strategy to avoid bladder injury during laparoscopic-assisted vaginal hysterectomy (LAVH) in cases with ventrofixed uterus following previous CS. Methods: In a retrospective study conducted in our private general hospital, we included consecutive cases of laparoscopically confirmed ventrofixed uterus associated with previous CS...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Khadeejeh Al Dasoqi, Reema Safadi, Eman Badran, Asma Sa'd Basha, Sue Jordan, Muayyad Ahmad
Objective: This study aimed to examine the rates of initiation and continuation of breastfeeding (BF) and their relationship with mothers' sociodemographic, obstetric, neonatal, and medical interventions. Methods: Data were collected from 199 first-time Jordanian mothers using medical records, face-to-face interviews within 24 hours of birth, and two telephone interviews at 6 weeks and 6 months after birth. Results: The rate of BF initiation within the first 4 hours after birth was only 13%...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Kevin P Yeagle, James Michael O'Brien, William M Curtin, Serdar H Ural
Objective: To compare Apgar scores of full-term newborns of mothers with gestational (GDM) or type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with scores of newborns of mothers without impaired glucose tolerance. Study design: This was a retrospective data collection study (n=297). We reviewed 1-minute and 5-minute neonatal Apgar scores of newborns of mothers with GDM (n=100) or T2DM (n=97). Our control group consisted of newborns of mothers without a prior history of impaired glucose tolerance (n=100)...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Dalia Khalife, Joseph Nassif, Ali Khalil, Ghina Ghazeeri, Ali Taher
A hematologic disorder occurred simultaneously with an ovarian cystic teratoma in a young woman. The blood disorder was a severe thrombocytopenia, with no spontaneous remission, or improvement after steroids tapering. To date, this is the second report in literature of immune thrombocytopenia associated with an ovarian teratoma, completely resolving following surgical excision of the ovarian teratoma. This case may suggest a potential peptide secreted by the ovarian teratoma toxic to platelets, and or a genetic predisposition in patients displaying the syndrome...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Montakarn Chuemchit, Suttharuethai Chernkwanma, Ratana Somrongthong, Denise L Spitzer
Purpose: Domestic violence has been linked to many health consequences. It can impact women's mental, physical, sexual, and reproductive health, and all of these effects can be long lasting. Despite the growing awareness of the deleterious effects of domestic violence in Thailand, there have been few nation-wide studies that have examined the issue and its consequences. In fact, Thailand has not examined intimate partner violence incidence for the past 20 years. This study aimed to investigate the consequences of domestic violence across the country...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Sun S Kim, Sabreen Darwish, Sang A Lee, Courtenay Sprague, Rosanna F DeMarco
Background: People living with HIV smoke at a rate three times that of the general population. This randomized controlled pilot trial tested the feasibility and acceptability of a video-call smoking cessation intervention in women living with HIV and its preliminary efficacy compared with a voice-call smoking cessation intervention. The study focused on women due to a paucity of studies among this population, and women are less likely than men to quit smoking when provided with conventional treatment...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Riyadh A Alzaheb
Toxoplasma gondii ( T. gondii ), which infects many warm-blooded animals including humans, causes toxoplasmosis, a globally widespread condition. To date, no research has explored the overall T. gondii infection seroprevalence among women in Saudi Arabia, nor have the risk factors associated with the infection been examined in the Saudi Arabian context. The present systematic review and meta-analysis therefore aimed to investigate toxoplasmosis seroprevalence based on previous study samples of Saudi women of reproductive age, and to establish the potentially risk factors in this national context...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Ramkrishna Purohit, Jay Gopal Sharma, Devajani Meher, Sanjay Raosaheb Rakh, Surya Malik
Background: Obliterated posterior cul-de-sac has been a real surgical challenge during vaginal hysterectomy. The present study demonstrates an anteroposterior approach to accomplish the vaginal hysterectomy in cases faced with an obliterated posterior cul-de-sac. Methods: In a retrospective study in private setup, 51 consecutive cases with obliterated posterior cul-de-sac during vaginal hysterectomy due to severe benign pelvic adhesions were studied to know the feasibility of the anteroposterior approach...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Chokchai Chotboon, Sukree Soontrapa, Pranom Buppasiri, Benja Muktabhant, Kiattisak Kongwattanakul, Jadsada Thinkhamrop
Background: Calcium is an essential element for the body, which is taken through the dietary sources. Calcium supplements may be needed to achieve the dietary reference intake (DRI). Dietary calcium and supplemental calcium intake for calcium balance might be necessary. However, increasing evidence shows that calcium supplementation may enhance soft tissue calcification and cause cardiovascular diseases. Calcium requirement during pregnancy is markedly increased. If calcium supplementation depends on the dietary style of a region, then the adequacy of dietary calcium intake may guide the calcium supplementation...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Nana Nimo Appiah-Agyekum
Purpose: In Ghana, unsafe abortion is a major cause of maternal mortality. Even though pharmaceutical drugs seem to be a key means of unsafe abortion, a paucity of evidence exists on the issue among adolescents, students, and other groups at risk. This study therefore explores the abortion experiences of Ghanaian university students with particular reference to pharmaceutical drugs to fill the knowledge gap and enrich the evidence base for reproductive health education, policies, and interventions on abortions among students...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Heba Elhusseini, Hoda Elkafas, Mohamed Abdelaziz, Sunil Halder, Ihor Atabiekov, Noura Eziba, Nahed Ismail, Abdeljabar El Andaloussi, Ayman Al-Hendy
Background: Previously, we reported a significantly higher prevalence of uterine fibroids (UFs) in African American women. This minority group also commonly suffers from vitamin D deficiency. We have demonstrated that 1,25(OH)2 D3 attains a fibroid growth inhibitory impact through its ability to block the G1/S (gap 1/synthesis) phase of the cell cycle. Vitamin D is involved in DNA damage as well as in immune response regulation, anti-inflammation, autoimmunity and cancer. Since most of the prior data on vitamin D and UF were generated in vitro via established cell lines, it was necessary to verify and validate this observation in vivo using a diet-induced vitamin D-deficient mouse model...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Kristiina Rönö, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Johan Gunnar Eriksson, Maritta Pöyhönen-Alho, Miira Marjuska Klemetti, Risto Paavo Roine, Emilia Huvinen, Sture Andersson, Hannele Laivuori, Anita Valkama, Jelena Meinilä, Hannu Kautiainen, Aila Tiitinen, Saila Birgitta Koivusalo
Purpose: Lifestyle intervention studies performed during pregnancy have shown inconsistent results in relation to prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the effect of an intervention initiated already before pregnancy in prevention of GDM in high-risk women. Patients and methods: A randomized controlled trial was conducted in four Finnish maternity hospitals between the years 2008 and 2014. Altogether 228 high-risk women planning pregnancy were randomized to an intervention (n=116) or a control group (n=112)...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Srisuda Songthamwat, Metha Songthamwat
Objective: The aim of this study was to report our clinical experience of applying a uterine flexion suture, which was modified from the B-Lynch uterine compression suture, for treating uterine atony during cesarean section. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective descriptive study describing the use of a new technique, uterine flexion suture, for treating uterine atony during cesarean section. The study period was from January 2009 to December 2017 at Udonthani Hospital, Udonthani, Thailand...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
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