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International Journal of Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790868/contraception-concerns-utilization-and-counseling-needs-of-women-with-a-history-of-breast-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#1
Sheila K Mody, Danielle M Panelli, Avanthi Hulugalle, H Irene Su, Jessica R Gorman
INTRODUCTION: Reproductive-aged women who have had breast cancer face unique challenges when it comes to making decisions about contraception. Clinical guidelines indicate that patients should avoid pregnancy during cancer treatment, however the extent of contraception counseling and utilization after diagnosis has not been well studied. METHODS: We conducted three focus groups and one semi-structured interview with women between the ages of 18 and 50 years old diagnosed with breast cancer within the last 5 years...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790867/cervical-cancer-screening-in-low-resource-settings-a-smartphone-image-application-as-an-alternative-to-colposcopy
#2
Caroline Gallay, Anne Girardet, Manuela Viviano, Rosa Catarino, Anne-Caroline Benski, Phuong Lien Tran, Christophe Ecabert, Jean-Philippe Thiran, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat
BACKGROUND: Visual inspection after application of acetic acid (VIA) and Lugol's iodine (VILI) is a cervical cancer (CC) screening approach that has recently been adopted in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Innovative technologies allow the acquisition of consecutive cervical images of VIA and VILI using a smartphone application. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of smartphone images in order to assess the feasibility and usability of a mobile application for CC screening in LMIC...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744163/cesarean-section-after-abdominal-mesh-repair-for-pregnancy-related-desmoid-tumor-a-case-report
#3
Sara Ooi, Harry Ngo
We report the case of a 32-year-old gravida 2 para 1 woman with a background of partially resected desmoid tumor (DT) arising from the previous cesarean section (CS) scar. This case details the management of her DT by surgical resection and mesh repair and second pregnancy following this. Pregnancy-related DTs are a relatively rare entity, and there is a paucity of literature regarding their management during pregnancy. There are only five reported cases of DTs arising from CS scars. To our knowledge, this is the only report to illustrate that subsequent CS is possible after desmoid resection and abdominal mesh repair...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740435/barriers-and-facilitators-to-cervical-cancer-screening-among-pakistani-and-somali-immigrant-women-in-oslo-a-qualitative-study
#4
Abdi A Gele, Samera A Qureshi, Prabhjot Kour, Bernadette Kumar, Esperanza Diaz
Norway has a low incidence and mortality rate of cervical cancer, which is mainly due to the high participation rate of women in cervical cancer screening. However, the attendance of cervical cancer screening was reported to be low among immigrant women. For this reason, we conducted a qualitative study to obtain better insight into perceived barriers and challenges to cervical cancer screening among Somali and Pakistani women in the Oslo region. A convenient sample of 35 (18 Pakistani, 17 Somali) women were recruited for the study in collaboration with Somali and Pakistani community partners...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740434/a-global-quantitative-survey-of-hemostatic-assessment-in-postpartum-hemorrhage-and-experience-with-associated-bleeding-disorders
#5
Andra H James, David L Cooper, Michael J Paidas
PURPOSE: Coagulopathy may be a serious complicating or contributing factor to postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), and should be promptly recognized to ensure proper bleeding management. This study aims to evaluate the approaches of obstetrician-gynecologists worldwide towards assessing massive PPH caused by underlying bleeding disorders. METHODS: A quantitative survey was completed by 302 obstetrician-gynecologists from 6 countries (the UK, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and Japan)...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721102/vulvar-varicosities-diagnosis-treatment-and-prevention
#6
Sergey G Gavrilov
OBJECTIVE: Vulvar varicosity is a relatively common venous disorder in women with varicose veins of the pelvis and lower extremities and in pregnant women, but there is little information in the medical literature concerning its diagnosis and management. The aim of this study was to describe our experience with 101 women with vulvar varicosities who were examined and treated at our center during 2000-2014. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were divided into two groups: group 1 with 61 women with varicose veins of the pelvis and enlarged vulvar veins, and group 2 with 40 pregnant women (11-38 weeks of pregnancy) with vulvar varicosities...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670144/adiposity-and-hyperleptinemia-during-the-first-trimester-among-pregnant-women-with-preeclampsia
#7
Francis Agyemang Yeboah, Robert Amadu Ngala, Ahmed Tijani Bawah, Henry Asare-Anane, Huseini Alidu, Abdul-Wahab Mawuko Hamid, Joshua Dokurugu Kwame Wumbee
BACKGROUND: Leptin levels start increasing from the early stages of pregnancy, irrespective of the maternal body mass index. Leptin levels are increased in pregnant women with preeclampsia (PE) and may precede the clinical onset of the disease, with peaks occurring around 28 weeks of gestation. This study was aimed at determining whether serum leptin concentration and body fat percentage are significantly altered during the first trimester in pregnancies that subsequently develop PE and whether such changes are useful in predicting the disease...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670143/bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cell-repair-of-cyclophosphamide-induced-ovarian-insufficiency-in-a-mouse-model
#8
Ahmed Badawy, Mohamed A Sobh, Mohamed Ahdy, Mohamed Sayed Abdelhafez
OBJECTIVE: Attempting in vivo healing of cyclophosphamide-induced ovarian insufficiency in a mouse model using bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs). METHODS: Female BALB/c white mice were used to prepare a model for premature ovarian failure by single intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide (80 mg/kg). Ten mice were injected with BMMSCs and then sacrificed after 21 days for morphometric evaluation of the ovaries. Hormonal profile was evaluated while mice were being sacrificed...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652822/anemia-in-pregnancy-in-western-jamaica
#9
Saidah Wright, Dominique Earland, Swati Sakhuja, Anna Junkins, Sarah Franklin, Luz Padilla, Maung Aung, Pauline E Jolly
BACKGROUND: Anemia is one of the most prevalent problems in pregnancy. In 2011, 29.9% of all pregnant women in Jamaica were diagnosed with anemia. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and predictors of anemia in pregnancy in Western Jamaica. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 293 mothers attending post-natal clinics in Western Jamaica. A questionnaire was administered to the mothers, and an abstraction form was used to collect clinical data from the mothers' records...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652821/hiv-risk-and-barriers-to-care-for-african-born-immigrant-women-a-sociocultural-outlook
#10
Olihe N Okoro, Shanasha O Whitson
BACKGROUND: Data from the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report 2015 show that African-born (AB) women continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV. In 2015, these women accounted for more than half (54%) of all new cases of HIV reported among females in Minnesota and 34% of all known female cases in the state. This study was a needs assessment for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in vulnerable subgroups within the AB population and adequacy of HIV care for AB persons...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652820/a-higher-degree-of-expression-of-dna-methyl-transferase-1-in-cervical-cancer-is-associated-with-poor-survival-outcome
#11
Chandrika J Piyathilake, Suguna Badiga, Samuel G Borak, Janaka Weragoda, Sejong Bae, Roland Matthews, Walter C Bell, Edward E Partridge
BACKGROUND: Even though novel therapies based on aberrant DNA methylation could be of particular importance for the treatment of cervical cancer (CC) because the oncoproteins E6/E7 of high-risk human papillomaviruses, the causative agents for developing CC, have the capacity to bind and upregulate DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), to our knowledge, no previous studies have evaluated the expression of this enzyme in CC in relation to survival outcomes. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the expression of DNMT1 in CC and its association with survival outcomes...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652819/patient-reported-prevalence-and-symptomatic-burden-of-uterine-fibroids-among-women-in-the-united-states-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-analysis
#12
Mahesh J Fuldeore, Ahmed M Soliman
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of women diagnosed with uterine fibroids and the associated symptom burden in the US. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Responses of women aged 18-54 years, who completed an online survey, were analyzed. Data were weighted based on age, education, race, geographic region, income, and propensity score to derive national estimates of the prevalence of women diagnosed with uterine fibroids and associated symptom burden. Weighted means and percentages were reported...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615975/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-in-women-current-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
Charlene A Flash, Sannisha K Dale, Douglas S Krakower
There are ~900,000 new HIV infections among women every year, representing nearly half of all new HIV infections globally. In the US, nearly one-fifth of all new HIV infections occur among women, and women from racial and ethnic minority communities experience disproportionately high rates of new HIV infections. Thus, there is a need to develop and implement effective HIV prevention strategies for women in the US and internationally, with a specific need to advance strategies in minority communities. Previous studies have demonstrated that oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), the use of antiretroviral medications by HIV-uninfected persons to prevent HIV acquisition, can reduce HIV incidence among women who are adherent to PrEP...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603432/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-both-body-mass-index-and-middle-upper-arm-circumference-of-mothers-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-comparative-study
#14
Achenef Motbainor, Alemayehu Worku, Abera Kumie
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and associated malnutrition result in serious health problems in developing countries. This study determined levels of maternal undernutrition and its association with food insecurity in northwest Ethiopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a community-based comparative cross-sectional study conducted May 24-July 20, 2013. Multistage random sampling was used to select 4,110 samples. Availability of Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Programme was used for grouping the study areas...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603431/hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-and-pregnancy-potential-adverse-events-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Omar Bari, Philip R Cohen
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant condition with a prevalence of ~1 in 5,000 individuals. The pathophysiology of this condition centers on the lack of capillary beds between arterioles and venules, leading to direct contact between these vessels. This results in telangiectases on characteristic locations such as the face, fingers, mouth, and nasal mucosa. Visceral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are also observed in many patients, and these are most commonly seen in the brain, gastrointestinal tract, and lungs...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579837/knowledge-about-cervical-cancer-screening-and-its-practice-among-female-health-care-workers-in-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Dubale Dulla, Deresse Daka, Negash Wakgari
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality among the women in the world. Early screening for cervical cancer is a key intervention in reduction of maternal deaths. Health care workers have a significant contribution to improve cervical cancer screening practice among women. Hence, this study aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of cervical cancer screening among female health care workers in southern Ethiopia. METHODS: Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted during March and April, 2015...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572739/patient-comfort-from-the-technologist-perspective-factors-to-consider-in-mammographic-imaging
#17
Christina C Mendat, Dave Mislan, Lisa Hession-Kunz
A sample size of 280 certified mammography technologists were surveyed to understand what factors affect patient discomfort during breast imaging. Given mammography technologists' level of patient involvement, they are uniquely positioned to observe factors that affect patient comfort. The findings suggest that according to technologists, multiple factors, including patient ethnicity, breast density, previous biopsy and lumpectomy experience, as well as psychological factors, impact breast discomfort during mammography...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553148/severe-preeclampsia-and-eclampsia-incidence-complications-and-perinatal-outcomes-at-a-low-resource-setting-mpilo-central-hospital-bulawayo-zimbabwe
#18
Solwayo Ngwenya
BACKGROUND: Severe preeclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure and significant proteinuria after 20 weeks gestation. Severe preeclampsia and eclampsia have considerable adverse impacts on maternal, fetal, and neonatal health especially in low-resource countries. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are the third leading cause of maternal deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa. Significant avoidable maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality may result. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed 1) to determine the incidence of severe preeclampsia/eclampsia in a low-resource setting; 2) to determine the maternal complications of severe preeclampsia/eclampsia in a low-resource setting; 3) to determine the perinatal outcomes of severe preeclampsia/eclampsia in a low-resource setting...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553147/inappropriate-gestational-weight-gain-among-teenage-pregnancies-prevalence-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#19
Yada Vivatkusol, Thaovalai Thavaramara, Chadakarn Phaloprakarn
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and pregnancy outcomes of inappropriate gestational weight gain (GWG) among teenage pregnant women. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted on 2,165 teenage pregnant women who attended our antenatal clinic between January 2007 and August 2015. Adverse pregnancy outcomes, including maternal and neonatal outcomes of women with inappropriate GWG, including underweight and overweight, were studied and compared with those of women with appropriate GWG...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553146/recurrent-pregnancy-loss-current-perspectives
#20
REVIEW
Hady El Hachem, Vincent Crepaux, Pascale May-Panloup, Philippe Descamps, Guillaume Legendre, Pierre-Emmanuel Bouet
Recurrent pregnancy loss is an important reproductive health issue, affecting 2%-5% of couples. Common established causes include uterine anomalies, antiphospholipid syndrome, hormonal and metabolic disorders, and cytogenetic abnormalities. Other etiologies have been proposed but are still considered controversial, such as chronic endometritis, inherited thrombophilias, luteal phase deficiency, and high sperm DNA fragmentation levels. Over the years, evidence-based treatments such as surgical correction of uterine anomalies or aspirin and heparin for antiphospholipid syndrome have improved the outcomes for couples with recurrent pregnancy loss...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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