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International Journal of Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096695/hysterosalpingo-foam-sonography-patient-selection-and-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
Hemashree Rajesh, Serene Liqing Lim, Su Ling Yu
We present an overview of the common types of tubal patency tests, with a focus on hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy). Current evidence suggests that HyFoSy is an accurate alternative to X-ray hysterosalpingography (HSG) for outpatient tubal evaluation in women who are at low risk for tubal disease. It may be superior to saline hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy) in excluding tubal occlusion. A hyperechogenic medium may enhance contrast visualization and enable clearer delineation of tubal anatomy...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053557/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-among-rural-women-of-reproductive-age-in-abeshige-district-guraghe-zone-snnpr-ethiopia
#2
Kebebush Zepre, Mirgissa Kaba
BACKGROUND: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) is a strategy that helps women to consider all available maternal health care services during pregnancy and prepare for potential complications. Federal Ministry of Health in Ethiopia has taken steps to roll out the strategy at community level. Yet, women in rural communities still do not make use of available services to avoid complications in connection to pregnancy and delivery. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the current BPCR practice and determine associated factors among rural women of reproductive age in Abeshige district, Guraghe zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031728/the-frequency-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-young-reproductive-females-in-qatar
#3
Elham Sharif, Sumaya Rahman, Yumna Zia, Nasser M Rizk
This was a prospective cross-sectional study in which 126 female students between the ages of 18 and 30 years were evaluated for the frequency of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) through clinical interview, questionnaire, and anthropometric measurements. The diagnostic criteria of the US National Institutes of Health criteria were used. Menstrual irregularities (MI) were identified, and clinical hyperandrogenism was evaluated by self-assessment of hirsutism using modified Ferriman-Gallwey score. Blood analysis was done for measurement of prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and the androgen hormones...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008287/searching-for-sex-and-gender-sensitive-tuberculosis-research-in-public-health-finding-a-needle-in-a-haystack
#4
Bilkis Vissandjee, Assia Mourid, Christina A Greenaway, Wendy E Short, Jodi A Proctor
Despite broadening consideration of sex- and gender-based issues in health research, when seeking information on how sex and gender contribute to disease contexts for specific health or public health topics, a lack of consistent or systematic use of terminology in health literature means that it remains difficult to identify research with a sex or gender focus. These inconsistencies are driven, in part, by the complexity and terminological inflexibility of the indexing systems for gender- and sex-related terms in public health databases...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008286/pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery-improving-outcomes-for-mother-and-child
#5
REVIEW
Irene González, Albert Lecube, Miguel Ángel Rubio, Pedro Pablo García-Luna
The significant increase in the prevalence of obesity has led to an increase in the number of obese women who become pregnant. In this setting, in recent years, there has been an exponential rise in the number of bariatric procedures, with approximately half of them performed in women of childbearing age, and a remarkable surge in the number of women who become pregnant after having undergone bariatric surgery (BS). These procedures entail the risk of nutritional deficiencies, and nutrition is a crucial aspect during pregnancy...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003773/determinants-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-among-gynecologic-patients-in-bahir-dar-north-west-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#6
Ayalnesh Asresie, Eleni Admassu, Tesfaye Setegn
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a significant public health problem in developing countries including Ethiopia. However, less has been documented on risk factors of POP. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the determinants factors of POP. METHODS: An unmatched case-control study was conducted among gynecologic patients in Bahir Dar city, North West Ethiopia, from July to October 2014. A total of 370 women (selected from outpatient departments) were included in the study...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003772/determinants-of-institutional-delivery-service-utilization-among-pastorals-of-liben-zone-somali-regional-state-ethiopia-2015
#7
Nejimu Biza Zepro, Ahmed Tahir Ahmed
Maternal health service utilizations are poorly equipped, inaccessible, negligible, and not well documented in the pastoral society. This research describes a quantitative and qualitative study on the determinants of institutional delivery among pastoralists of Liben Zone with special emphasis on Filtu and Deka Suftu woredas of Somali Region, Ethiopia. The study was funded by the project "Fostering health care for refugees and pastoral communities in Somali Region, Ethiopia". This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during November 2015...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994487/the-experiences-of-prepregnancy-care-for-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-synthesis
#8
Rita Forde, Evridiki E Patelarou, Angus Forbes
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the most common medical conditions affecting pregnancy and is associated with a number of adverse fetal, infant, and maternal outcomes. These adverse outcomes can be avoided or minimized with appropriate prepregnancy care (PPC). However, the uptake of PPC is limited in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The reasons for poor uptake are multifactorial, reflecting both women's understanding of pregnancy risks, and limitations in care delivery. METHODS: A systematic literature review with meta-synthesis was undertaken to identify qualitative studies exploring experiences of PPC for women with T2DM incorporating the views of women with T2DM and health care professionals (HCPs)...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994486/a-cost-effectiveness-evaluation-comparing-originator-follitropin-alfa-to-the-biosimilar-for-the-treatment-of-infertility
#9
Salvatore Gizzo, Juan A Garcia-Velasco, Franca Heiman, Claudio Ripellino, Klaus Bühler
OBJECTIVES: To perform a cost-effectiveness evaluation comparing the originator follitropin alfa (Gonal-f(®)) to the biosimilar (Bemfola(®)) in the Italian and Spanish contexts, with an assessment of the German and UK backgrounds. METHODS: Starting from the study by Rettenbacher et al, a cost-effectiveness model was developed in the Italian and Spanish contexts. Clinical data on subjects, doses of gonadotropin, pregnancies, live-born children, and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome were used to feed the model...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956844/helminth-infection-during-pregnancy-insights-from-evolutionary-ecology
#10
REVIEW
Aaron D Blackwell
Helminths are parasitic nematodes and trematodes, grouped together because of morphological similarities and commonalities in the effects infections have on hosts. These include complications such as anemia and biasing of immune responses, which can alter susceptibility for other diseases. For pregnant women, these complications might have implications for pregnancy outcomes or neonatal health. Here, I review studies of helminth infections during pregnancy, and ask the following questions: Do helminths affect maternal health or pregnancy outcomes? Are there consequences of maternal infection for infants? What are the effects of antihelminth treatment during pregnancy? The evidence suggests that the answers to these questions depend on the particular helminth species in question, maternal nutritional status, and the presence or absence of comorbid infection with other species, such as malaria...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932897/effect-of-ovarian-endometrioma-on-uterine-and-ovarian-blood-flow-in-infertile-women
#11
Akmal El-Mazny, Ahmed Kamel, Wafaa Ramadan, Sherine Gad-Allah, Suzy Abdelaziz, Ahmed M Hussein
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis has been found to be among the most important factors in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. The formation of new blood vessels is critical for the survival of newly implanted endometriotic foci. The use of 3-D power Doppler allows for the demonstration of the dynamic vascular changes that occur during the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF). We aimed to evaluate the effect of ovarian endometrioma on uterine and ovarian blood flow in infertile women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control study at a university teaching hospital, 138 women with unilateral ovarian endometrioma scheduled for IVF were compared to 138 women with male-factor or unexplained infertility...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920582/surgeons-early-experience-with-the-acessa%C3%A2-procedure-gaining-proficiency-with-new-technology
#12
Kelli M Braun, Mark Sheridan, Erin Z Latif, Lexy Regush, Anet Maksymowicz, Laura Weins, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Nerissa Tyson, Marilyn J Davidson, Barry H Sanders
PURPOSE: Successful adoption of a new surgical procedure varies among practicing surgeons, and skill acquisition depends on the surgeon's innate ability, the complexity of the technique, and training. We report intraoperative and near-term postoperative outcomes from the Acessa procedure conducted by minimally invasive gynecologic surgeons new to Acessa, and report the surgeons' experiences during the training period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was designed as a postmarket, prospective, single-arm, multicenter analysis of operative and early postoperative outcomes after proctored surgical training with the Acessa device and procedure (laparoscopic ultrasound-guided radiofrequency volumetric thermal ablation of symptomatic fibroids) in premenopausal, menstruating women as conducted in community and university hospitals in the USA and Canada...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895514/success-rate-in-preterm-uterine-contraction-inhibition-with-tocolytic-agents-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#13
Duangsamorn Kiatsuda, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Witoon Prasertcharoensuk
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the success rate of inhibiting preterm uterine contraction with tocolytic agents to delay delivery for at least 48 hours and risk factors of failure inhibition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and July 2014, medical records of all singleton pregnant women between 24 (0/7) and 33 (6/7) weeks of gestation with the diagnosis of preterm labor (with cervical dilatation) or threatened preterm labor (without cervical dilatation) who received tocolytic agents were reviewed...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843354/postpartum-hemorrhage-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-a-low-resource-setting
#14
Solwayo Ngwenya
BACKGROUND: Primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is defined as blood loss from the genital tract of 500 mL or more following a normal vaginal delivery (NVD) or 1,000 mL or more following a cesarean section within 24 hours of birth. PPH contributes significantly to maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Women can rapidly hemorrhage and die soon after giving birth. It can be a devastating outcome to many young families. Women giving birth in low-resource settings are at a higher risk of death than their counterparts in resource-rich environments...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843353/prevention-of-preterm-delivery-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#15
REVIEW
Maud D van Zijl, Bouchra Koullali, Ben Wj Mol, Eva Pajkrt, Martijn A Oudijk
Preterm birth (PTB), defined as delivery at <37 weeks of gestation, is the most important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Therefore, preventing PTB is one of the main goals in obstetric care. In this review, we provide an overview of the current available literature on screening for risk factors for PTB and a summary of preventive strategies in both low-risk and high-risk women with singleton or multiple gestations. Furthermore, current challenges and future prospects on PTB are discussed. For an optimal prevention of PTB, risk stratification should be based on a combination of (maternal) risk factors, obstetric history, and screening tools...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822126/comparison-of-lipid-profile-parameters-and-oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-between-normal-and-preeclamptic-pregnancies-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-nepal
#16
Santosh Timalsina, Prajwal Gyawali, Aseem Bhattarai
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia is a pregnancy-specific complication that significantly contributes to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide, even more so in developing countries such as Nepal. The potential contribution of dyslipidemia and elevated levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) in the pathogenesis of preeclamptic pregnancies has been observed in several studies. The aim of this study was to compare the maternal lipid profile parameters and particularly oxLDL between preeclamptic and healthy pregnancies and also correlate oxLDL with other lipid profile parameters...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822125/clinical-update-on-the-use-of-ospemifene-in-the-treatment-of-severe-symptomatic-vulvar-and-vaginal-atrophy
#17
REVIEW
Santiago Palacios, María Jesús Cancelo
The physiological decrease in vaginal estrogens is accountable for the emergence of vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA) and its related symptoms such as vaginal dryness, dyspareunia, vaginal and/or vulvar irritation or itching, and dysuria. The repercussion of these symptoms on quality of life often makes it necessary to initiate treatment. Up until now, the treatments available included vaginal moisturizers and lubricants, local estrogens, and hormonal therapy. However, therapeutic options have now been increased with the approval of 60 mg ospemifene, the first nonhormonal oral treatment with an agonist effect on the vaginal epithelium and an endometrial and breast safety profile which makes it unique...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799826/effectiveness-of-corifollitropin-alfa-used-for-ovarian-stimulation-of-poor-responder-patients
#18
Helmy Selman, Leonardo Rinaldi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficiency and efficacy of corifollitropin alfa (follicle-stimulating hormone-carboxy terminal peptide) in the treatment of poor responder patients. METHODS: A total of 85 poor responder patients with a mean age 40.2±3.9 years entered our assisted fertilization program. The patients were prospectively randomized into two groups based on the ovarian stimulation regimen used: group A (study group) (n=42) received clomiphene citrate and corifollitropin alfa for the first 7 days of stimulation followed by recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH) in a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist protocol, and group B (control group) (n=43) received clomiphene citrate and a daily injection of rFSH in a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist protocol...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799825/utilization-of-services-provided-by-village-based-ethnic-minority-midwives-in-mountainous-villages-of-vietnam
#19
Duong Thi Thuy Doan, Ha Thi Thu Bui, Thi Minh Le, Duc Minh Duong, Hong Thi Luu, Tuan Anh Dinh, Tolib Mirzoev
INTRODUCTION: Since 2011, the Vietnam's Ministry of Health implemented the ethnic minority midwives (EMMs) scheme in order to increase the utilization of maternal health services by women from ethnic minorities and those living in hard-to-reach mountainous areas. This paper analyzes the utilization of antenatal, delivery, and postpartum care provided by EMMs and reports the key determinants of utilization of EMM services as perceived by service users. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was administered in 2015 to all mothers (n=320) who gave birth to a live-born during a 1-year period in 31 villages which had EMM in two provinces, Dien Bien and Kon Tum...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785108/has-testosterone-passed-the-test-in-premenopausal-women-with-low-libido-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Beverly G Reed, Laurice Bou Nemer, Bruce R Carr
BACKGROUND: There are limited evaluation and treatment options for low libido in premenopausal women. This review sought to evaluate the available evidence supporting the evaluation of testosterone serum levels and testosterone treatment of premenopausal women with low libido. METHODS: MEDLINE, PubMed, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched for articles that referenced the evaluation of testosterone serum level and/or testosterone treatment on premenopausal women with low libido from 1995 to 2015...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
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