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International Journal of Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615975/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-in-women-current-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
Charlene A Flash, Sannisha K Dale, Douglas S Krakower
There are ~900,000 new HIV infections among women every year, representing nearly half of all new HIV infections globally. In the US, nearly one-fifth of all new HIV infections occur among women, and women from racial and ethnic minority communities experience disproportionately high rates of new HIV infections. Thus, there is a need to develop and implement effective HIV prevention strategies for women in the US and internationally, with a specific need to advance strategies in minority communities. Previous studies have demonstrated that oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), the use of antiretroviral medications by HIV-uninfected persons to prevent HIV acquisition, can reduce HIV incidence among women who are adherent to PrEP...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603432/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-both-body-mass-index-and-middle-upper-arm-circumference-of-mothers-in-northwest-ethiopia-a-comparative-study
#2
Achenef Motbainor, Alemayehu Worku, Abera Kumie
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity and associated malnutrition result in serious health problems in developing countries. This study determined levels of maternal undernutrition and its association with food insecurity in northwest Ethiopia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a community-based comparative cross-sectional study conducted May 24-July 20, 2013. Multistage random sampling was used to select 4,110 samples. Availability of Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Programme was used for grouping the study areas...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603431/hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-and-pregnancy-potential-adverse-events-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#3
REVIEW
Omar Bari, Philip R Cohen
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant condition with a prevalence of ~1 in 5,000 individuals. The pathophysiology of this condition centers on the lack of capillary beds between arterioles and venules, leading to direct contact between these vessels. This results in telangiectases on characteristic locations such as the face, fingers, mouth, and nasal mucosa. Visceral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are also observed in many patients, and these are most commonly seen in the brain, gastrointestinal tract, and lungs...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579837/knowledge-about-cervical-cancer-screening-and-its-practice-among-female-health-care-workers-in-southern-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Dubale Dulla, Deresse Daka, Negash Wakgari
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality among the women in the world. Early screening for cervical cancer is a key intervention in reduction of maternal deaths. Health care workers have a significant contribution to improve cervical cancer screening practice among women. Hence, this study aimed to assess the knowledge and practice of cervical cancer screening among female health care workers in southern Ethiopia. METHODS: Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted during March and April, 2015...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572739/patient-comfort-from-the-technologist-perspective-factors-to-consider-in-mammographic-imaging
#5
Christina C Mendat, Dave Mislan, Lisa Hession-Kunz
A sample size of 280 certified mammography technologists were surveyed to understand what factors affect patient discomfort during breast imaging. Given mammography technologists' level of patient involvement, they are uniquely positioned to observe factors that affect patient comfort. The findings suggest that according to technologists, multiple factors, including patient ethnicity, breast density, previous biopsy and lumpectomy experience, as well as psychological factors, impact breast discomfort during mammography...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553148/severe-preeclampsia-and-eclampsia-incidence-complications-and-perinatal-outcomes-at-a-low-resource-setting-mpilo-central-hospital-bulawayo-zimbabwe
#6
Solwayo Ngwenya
BACKGROUND: Severe preeclampsia is a disorder of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure and significant proteinuria after 20 weeks gestation. Severe preeclampsia and eclampsia have considerable adverse impacts on maternal, fetal, and neonatal health especially in low-resource countries. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are the third leading cause of maternal deaths in Sub-Saharan Africa. Significant avoidable maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality may result. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed 1) to determine the incidence of severe preeclampsia/eclampsia in a low-resource setting; 2) to determine the maternal complications of severe preeclampsia/eclampsia in a low-resource setting; 3) to determine the perinatal outcomes of severe preeclampsia/eclampsia in a low-resource setting...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553147/inappropriate-gestational-weight-gain-among-teenage-pregnancies-prevalence-and-pregnancy-outcomes
#7
Yada Vivatkusol, Thaovalai Thavaramara, Chadakarn Phaloprakarn
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and pregnancy outcomes of inappropriate gestational weight gain (GWG) among teenage pregnant women. METHODS: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted on 2,165 teenage pregnant women who attended our antenatal clinic between January 2007 and August 2015. Adverse pregnancy outcomes, including maternal and neonatal outcomes of women with inappropriate GWG, including underweight and overweight, were studied and compared with those of women with appropriate GWG...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553146/recurrent-pregnancy-loss-current-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Hady El Hachem, Vincent Crepaux, Pascale May-Panloup, Philippe Descamps, Guillaume Legendre, Pierre-Emmanuel Bouet
Recurrent pregnancy loss is an important reproductive health issue, affecting 2%-5% of couples. Common established causes include uterine anomalies, antiphospholipid syndrome, hormonal and metabolic disorders, and cytogenetic abnormalities. Other etiologies have been proposed but are still considered controversial, such as chronic endometritis, inherited thrombophilias, luteal phase deficiency, and high sperm DNA fragmentation levels. Over the years, evidence-based treatments such as surgical correction of uterine anomalies or aspirin and heparin for antiphospholipid syndrome have improved the outcomes for couples with recurrent pregnancy loss...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553145/anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-endometriosis-impact-and-management-challenges
#9
REVIEW
Antonio Simone Laganà, Valentina Lucia La Rosa, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Gaetano Valenti, Fabrizio Sapia, Benito Chiofalo, Diego Rossetti, Helena Ban Frangež, Eda Vrtačnik Bokal, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale
Endometriosis is one of the most common gynecological diseases and affects ~10% of women in reproductive age. The most common clinical signs of endometriosis are menstrual irregularities, chronic pelvic pain (CPP), dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and infertility. Symptoms of endometriosis often affect psychological and social functioning of patients. For this reason, endometriosis is considered as a disabling condition that may significantly compromise social relationships, sexuality and mental health. Considering this point, the aim of this narrative review is to elucidate the impact of anxiety and depression in the management of women with endometriosis...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553144/transdermal-delivery-of-combined-hormonal-contraception-a-review-of-the-current-literature
#10
REVIEW
Rosanna M Galzote, Sally Rafie, Rachel Teal, Sheila K Mody
The transdermal patch provides an effective and convenient option for hormonal contraception. The patch currently on the US market contains 150 µg norelgestromin and 35 µg ethinylestradiol (EE). The 20 cm(2) patch is applied once weekly for 3 weeks, followed by a patch-free week, for a 21-7 cycle. Typical failure rates are similar to that of combined oral contraceptives (COCs). Transdermal delivery results in less peaks and troughs of estrogen, but a higher total estrogen exposure compared with COCs. Though studies show mixed results, the risk of developing venous thromboembolism (VTE) is about twice as high with the patch as with COCs; however, the absolute risk of VTE remains low...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496370/trends-and-causes-of-maternal-mortality-in-jimma-university-specialized-hospital-southwest-ethiopia-a-matched-case-control-study
#11
Tegene Legesse, Misra Abdulahi, Anteneh Dirar
INTRODUCTION: Measures of maternal death are fundamental to a country's health and development status. In developing countries, it remains a daunting and largely unmet public health challenge. There were two studies completed over 10 years ago in Jimma University Specialized Hospital to identify trends, but recently there have been many changes in Ethiopia to reduce maternal death. Therefore, it is important to track the achievements made in Ethiopia in the context of Jimma University Specialized Hospital...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496369/efficacy-and-safety-of-a-flexible-extended-regimen-of-ethinylestradiol-drospirenone-for-the-treatment-of-dysmenorrhea-a-multicenter-randomized-open-label-active-controlled-study
#12
Mikio Momoeda, Masami Kondo, Joerg Elliesen, Masanobu Yasuda, Shigetomo Yamamoto, Tasuku Harada
BACKGROUND: Dysmenorrhea is a common condition in women, which is characterized by menstrual pain. Low-dose estrogen/progestin combined oral contraceptives have been shown to reduce the severity of dysmenorrhea symptoms, and a 28-day cyclic regimen of ethinylestradiol/drospirenone (28d regimen) is approved for this indication in Japan. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of a flexible extended regimen of ethinylestradiol/drospirenone (flexible regimen) in Japanese women with dysmenorrhea...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496368/self-management-and-psychological-sexological-interventions-in-patients-with-endometriosis-strategies-outcomes-and-integration-into-clinical-care
#13
REVIEW
Laura Buggio, Giussy Barbara, Federica Facchin, Maria Pina Frattaruolo, Giorgio Aimi, Nicola Berlanda
Endometriosis has a multifactorial etiology. The onset and progression of the disease are believed to be related to different pathogenic mechanisms. Among them, the environment and lifestyle may play significant roles. Diet, dietary supplements, physical exercise, osteopathy, massage, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, and Chinese herbal medicine may represent a complementary and feasible approach in the treatment of symptoms related to the disease. In this narrative review, we aimed to examine the most updated evidence on these alternative approaches implicated in the self-management of the disease...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496367/radiation-induced-vaginal-stenosis-current-perspectives
#14
REVIEW
Lucinda Morris, Viet Do, Jennifer Chard, Alison H Brand
Treatment of gynecological cancer commonly involves pelvic radiation therapy (RT) and/or brachytherapy. A commonly observed side effect of such treatment is radiation-induced vaginal stenosis (VS). This review analyzed the incidence, pathogenesis, clinical manifestation(s) and assessment and grading of radiation-induced VS. In addition, risk factors, prevention and treatment options and follow-up schedules are also discussed. The limited available literature on many of these aspects suggests that additional studies are required to more precisely determine the best management strategy of this prevalent group after RT...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496366/factors-associated-with-psychological-distress-among-young-women-in-kisumu-kenya
#15
Deborah A Gust, Roman Gvetadze, Melissa Furtado, Mumbi Makanga, Victor Akelo, Kenneth Ondenge, Beatrice Nyagol, Eleanor McLellan-Lemal
BACKGROUND: Attention to mental health issues is growing globally. In many countries, including Kenya, however, assessment of psychological distress, especially in rural areas, is limited. METHODS: We analyzed data from young women screened for a longitudinal contraceptive ring study in Kisumu, Kenya. Multivariable regression analysis was used to assess factors associated with recent moderate and high psychological distress, as measured by the Kessler (K-6) psychological distress scale...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490905/reproductive-and-hormonal-risk-factors-of-breast-cancer-a-historical-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Julie Horn, Lars J Vatten
The complexity of breast cancer etiology has puzzled scientists for more than 300 years. In this brief review, we emphasize the importance of reproductive and hormonal factors in relation to the risk of breast cancer. By following the historical course of how various risk factors have been determined, this study attempts to illustrate the origin of hypotheses, their subsequent rejection, and development of new hypotheses. Starting with the contributions of Italian physicians in the 18th century and covering the activity of British epidemiologists before World War II, this review ends up with the international collaboration that became increasingly important in the second half of the 20th century...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461768/cervical-elastography-during-pregnancy-clinical-perspectives
#17
REVIEW
Malgorzata Swiatkowska-Freund, Krzysztof Preis
Uterine cervix is a part of the uterus responsible for maintaining pregnancy till term. As long as the cervix remains long and firm and its internal orifice (os) is closed, it can withstand enlargement of the uterine contents and resultant growing pressure. Mechanical properties of the cervix change during pregnancy; the cervix ripens prior to delivery, then effaces and dilates with contractions of the uterus. Ripening of the cervix can be assessed using the Bishop score and ultrasonographically determined length of the cervical canal and internal os...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461767/can-mhealth-improve-access-to-safe-blood-for-transfusion-during-obstetric-emergency
#18
Aminur Rahman, Sadika Akhter, Monjura Khatun Nisha, Syed Shariful Islam, Fatema Ashraf, Monjur Rahman, Nazneen Begum, Mahbub Elahi Chowdhury, Anne Austin, Iqbal Anwar
PURPOSE: Of the 99% maternal deaths that take place in developing countries, one-fourth is due to postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). PPH accounts for one-third of all blood transfusions in Bangladesh where the transfusion process is lengthy as most facilities do not have in-house blood bank facilities. In this context, the location where blood is obtained and the processes of obtaining blood products are not standardized, leading to preventable delays in collecting blood, when it is needed...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458583/current-perspectives-on-fetal-and-neonatal-alloimmune-thrombocytopenia-increasing-clinical-concerns-and-new-treatment-opportunities
#19
REVIEW
Heidi Tiller, Anne Husebekk, Maria Therese Ahlen, Tor B Stuge, Bjørn Skogen
Differences in platelet type between the fetus and the mother can lead to maternal immunization and destruction of the fetal platelets, a condition named fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT). FNAIT is reported to occur in ~1 per 1,000 live born neonates. The major risk is intracranial hemorrhage in the fetus or newborn, which is associated with severe neurological complications or death. Since no countries have yet implemented a screening program to detect pregnancies at risk, the diagnosis is typically established after the birth of a child with symptoms...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458582/health-care-decision-making-autonomy-of-women-from-rural-districts-of-southern-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#20
Mihiretu Alemayehu, Mengistu Meskele
INTRODUCTION: Millions of women have little health care decision making autonomy in many cultures and tribes. African women are often perceived to have little participation in health care decisions. However, little has been investigated to identify factors contributing to decision making autonomy. Hence, it is important to obtain information on the contributing factors of decision making autonomy and disparities across different socio-cultural contexts. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Wolaita and Dawro zones, Southern Ethiopia from February to March 2015...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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