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International Journal of Women's Health

Lakmini Kb Mudduwa, Gaya B Wijayaratne, Harshini H Peiris, Shania N Gunasekera, Deepthika Abeysiriwardhana, Nimsha Liyanage
Background: CA15-3 is the most commonly used tumor marker in breast cancer. Its prognostic role has been described in the metastatic setting, but the role of pre-surgical CA15-3 in the assessment of patients with breast cancer without metastasis has not been substantiated yet. Methodology: From February 2014 for a 2-year period, this prospective study included all patients who were diagnosed with primary breast cancer and underwent surgery at a tertiary care hospital...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Amanda da Mota Silveira Rodrigues, Fábio Simões Fernandes, Luciano Farage, Luiz Eduardo Almeida Prado Franceschi, Maria de Fátima Brito Vogt, Alberto Moreno Zaconeta
Hemangioblastomas are benign tumors of the central nervous system (CNS) that may occur either sporadically or as part of von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease, in which they coexist with a series of other tumors outside the CNS. Because of their low mitosis rate, hemangioblastomas usually have slow-growing and late manifestations, but may cause sudden neurological symptoms if tumor hemorrhage occurs. Few studies have evaluated the impact of pregnancy on the evolution of hemangioblastomas. Some authors have reported tumor growth in women with VHL disease, but no such association was observed by others...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Srisuda Songthamwat, Chatchanawadee Na Nan, Metha Songthamwat
Objective: Threatened preterm labor is a condition in which regular uterine contractions occur at least 1 time in 10 minutes and persist for more than 30 minutes before completion of 37 weeks of gestation without dilatation of the cervix. In preterm labor with cervical dilatation, the efficacy of tocolytics was proven for prolonging pregnancy. However, in threatened preterm labor, the efficacy of tocolytics has not yet been well studied. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of nifedipine versus a placebo for inhibiting uterine contraction in threatened preterm labor...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Young A Kim, Hyang-In Cho Chung
Background: Rates of plastic surgery procedures have increased dramatically over the past several decades, especially for the women in South Korea. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore the subjective experience of South Korean women in their twenties and thirties with facial plastic surgery (FPS) side effects. Participants and methods: Seven women who have suffered from FPS side effects participated in this study. Data were collected from July to September 2015 through individual in-depth interviews using open-ended questions and analyzed using Colaizzi's method, which is a Husserlian phenomenological approach...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Yuki Yoshikawa, Junji Uchida, Chiharu Akazawa, Nobuhiko Suganuma
Purpose: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among kidney transplant recipients is associated with physical and psychosocial characteristics. Furthermore, pregnancy and childcare may be particularly challenging for women. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between patients' psychosocial characteristics and HRQOL, specifically for recipients who have given birth after their kidney transplant. Patients and methods: This was a cross-sectional study...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Reem Jawad Al-Sulaiman, Abdulbari Bener, Lisa Doodson, Salha Bujassoum Al Bader, Suhaila Ghuloum, Alain Lemaux, Hekmat Bugrein, Reena Alassam, Aisha Karim
Background: An insufficient number of studies have been carried out in the Middle East to evaluate the role of structured psychotherapeutic interventions in enhancing breast cancer patients' psychological well-being, quality of life and treatment compliance. This study has been designed to address this limitation by exploring the benefit of two structured psychotherapeutic interventions, crisis counseling and psychoeducation, in enhancing breast cancer patients' psychological well-being, quality of life and treatment compliance in Qatar...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Jaya Chandrasekhar, Amrita Gill, Roxana Mehran
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the leading cause of death in women worldwide. Every year, in the USA alone, more than 30,000 young women <55 years of age are hospitalized with AMI. In recent decades, the incidence of AMI is increasing in younger women in the context of increasing metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, and non-traditional risk factors such as stress, anxiety, and depression. Although women are classically considered to present with atypical chest pain, several observational data confirm that men and women experience similar rates of chest pain, with some differences in intensity, duration, radiation, and the choice of descriptors...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Qi Yu, Zirong Huang, Mulan Ren, Qing Chang, Zhongqi Zhang, Susanne Parke
Background: To investigate the efficacy and safety of a combined oral contraceptive containing estradiol valerate and dienogest (EV/DNG) in healthy Asian women. Methods: In this multicenter Phase III study, women received oral EV/DNG in a 28-day regimen for 13 cycles. The primary efficacy endpoint was the number of unintended pregnancies, measured by the Pearl Index (PI); secondary efficacy endpoints included bleeding pattern and cycle control parameters. Adverse events were monitored during the study and overall satisfaction with treatment was determined on completion of the study...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Adrielle Van Adrichem, Ellen Faes, Kristof Kinget, Yves Jacquemyn
Introduction: Vaginal examination (VE) is known to be subjective in interpretation and is considered uncomfortable by many women. Intrapartum ultrasound aims to be more objective and less invasive. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the acceptability of introducing intrapartum ultrasound to both midwives and parturients. Furthermore, we wanted to evaluate the reproducibility of different measurements when introduced de novo among operators without prior ultrasound experience. Subjects and methods: This study determined intra- and interobserver variability of intrapartum ultrasound in nulliparous women in labor...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Elena Ali
Purpose: Postpartum anxiety disorders are common and may have significant consequences for mothers and their children. This review examines the literature on women's experiences with postpartum generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), postpartum panic disorder (PD), obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods: MEDLINE (Ovid), CINAHL, PsycINFO, and reference lists were searched. Qualitative and quantitative studies assessing women's experiences with GAD, postpartum PD, OCD, and PTSD were included...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Manuela Viviano, Alexia Willame, Marie Cohen, Anne-Caroline Benski, Rosa Catarino, Christine Wuillemin, Phuong Lien Tran, Patrick Petignat, Pierre Vassilakos
Objective: Vaginal self-sampling for human papillomavirus (HPV) testing has recently been proposed to optimize cervical cancer screening coverage. The objective of this study was to compare the performance of self-taken samples using flocked and cotton swabs for HPV detection and cellular retrieval. Methods: We recruited women aged 21-65 years, referred to colposcopy at the Division of Gynecology of the Geneva University Hospitals between May and September 2016...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Jo Durham, Alongkone Phengsavanh, Vanphanom Sychareun, Isaac Hose, Viengnakhone Vongxay, Douangphachanh Xaysomphou, Keith Rickart
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to gather the necessary data to support the design and implementation of a pilot program for women who are unable to deliver in a healthcare facility in the Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR), by using community distribution of misoprostol to prevent postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). The study builds on an earlier research that demonstrated both support and need for community-based distribution of misoprostol in Lao PDR. Methods: This qualitative study identified acceptability of misoprostol and healthcare system needs at varying levels to effectively distribute misoprostol to women with limited access to facility-based birthing...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Lara Hughes, Alphonse Roex, Anupam Parange
We report on a case of a 20-year-old nulliparous woman with menorrhagia associated with a smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP) that was responsive to Goserelin. This case details the investigation and management of a young woman who desires ongoing fertility preservation. STUMP is a rare uterine tumor with a paucity of literature available regarding management and subsequent malignant potential, particularly in the case of a patient who desires fertility preservation.
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Marie Wasmuth Lundblad, Bjarne K Jacobsen
Purpose: Early age at menarche (AAM) has been associated with increased mortality and morbidity, including premature death from all causes, breast cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the association between AAM and all-cause mortality. Subjects and methods: A total of 12,409 women aged 25-94 years who took part in the fourth Tromsø Study in Norway during 1994-1995 were included in this prospective population-based study with a mean 18...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Ghadeer Al-Shaikh, Sadiqa Syed, Somaia Osman, Abdulrahman Bogis, Ahmed Al-Badr
Stress urinary incontinnce (SUI) is a common condition among women. The usual approach to treatment of SUI is a stepwise plan from conservative to surgical procedures. A vaginal pessary is one of the commonly used conservative treatments that offer symptomatic improvement for women with incontinence. This review provides a critical analysis of the benefits and shortcomings offered by vaginal pessaries to patients affected by SUI, with a particular focus on indications, advantages, quality of life, patient satisfaction, and potential complications...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Constantine Scordalakes, Robert delRosario, Andrew Shimer, Russell Stankiewicz
Objective: Compare amenorrhea rate, menstrual symptoms, patient satisfaction, and adverse events in women who underwent endometrial ablation with the NovaSure versus the Minerva radiofrequency ablation systems. Methods: We surveyed 189 premenopausal women (mean 40.8±6.2 years old) who underwent endometrial ablation for abnormal uterine bleeding using the NovaSure (n=97) or Minerva (n=92) systems, at four private US gynecology clinics, and whose procedure date was after July 2015 with follow-up ≥3 months...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Manuela Viviano, Phuong Lien Tran, Bruno Kenfack, Rosa Catarino, Mohamed Akaaboune, Liliane Temogne, Eveline Tincho Foguem, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat
Introduction: Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is a suitable tool for primary cervical cancer (CC) screening and follow-up in low-resource settings. Vaginal samples taken by women themselves (Self-HPV) are an interesting alternative to physician-performed sampling (Dr-HPV). Our aim was to assess the performance of Self-HPV and Dr-HPV at 6 and 12 months following a CC screening campaign. Methods: This study was carried out at the Dschang District Hospital, Cameroon...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Crystal VanLeeuwen, Belen Torondel
Management of menstruation in contexts of humanitarian emergencies can be challenging. A lack of empirical research about effective interventions which improve menstrual hygiene management (MHM) among female populations in humanitarian emergencies and a lack of clarity about which sectors within a humanitarian response should deliver MHM interventions can both be attributable to the lack of clear guidance on design and delivery of culturally appropriate MHM intervention in settings of humanitarian emergencies...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Norman D Goldstuck
Background: The geometrical shape of the human uterus most closely approximates that of a prolate ellipsoid. The endometrial cavity itself is more likely to also have the shape of a prolate ellipsoid especially when the extension of the cervix is omitted. Using this information and known endometrial cavity volumes and lateral and vertical dimensions, it is possible to calculate the anteroposterior (AP) dimensions and get a complete evaluation of all possible dimensions of the endometrial cavity...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
Shona L Ray-Griffith, Michael P Wendel, Zachary N Stowe, Everett F Magann
Background and purpose: The majority of the reviews and studies on chronic pain in pregnancy have primarily focused on the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options. The purpose of our review was to identify evidence-based clinical research for the evaluation and management of preexisting chronic pain in pregnancy, chronic pain associated with pregnancy, and chronic pain in relation to mode of delivery. Methods: A literature search was undertaken using the search engines PubMed, CINAHL, EBSCOhost, and Web of Science...
2018: International Journal of Women's Health
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