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International Journal of Women's Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203108/a-review-of-screening-strategies-for-cervical-cancer-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-women-in-sub-saharan-africa
#1
REVIEW
Manuela Viviano, Pierre DeBeaudrap, Pierre-Marie Tebeu, Jovanny T Fouogue, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat
Cervical cancer (CC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death and a major public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa. This heavy burden parallels that of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, which increases the risk of developing CC. Despite the progressive reduction of HIV prevalence in the past decade, the CC incidence and mortality rates in sub-Saharan Africa remain high. The heterogeneity of the distribution of the two diseases in the African continent, together with the different availability of human and material resources, stands in the way of finding an appropriate screening strategy...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184171/implementing-visual-cervical-cancer-screening-in-senegal-a-cross-sectional-study-of-risk-factors-and-prevalence-highlighting-service-utilization-barriers
#2
J Andrew Dykens, Annē M Linn, Tracy Irwin, Karen E Peters, Maria Pyra, Fatoumata Traoré, Mariama Touré Diarra, Memoona Hasnain, Katie Wallner, Patrick Linn, Youssoupha Ndiaye
BACKGROUND: Senegal ranks 15th in the world in incidence of cervical cancer, the number one cause of cancer mortality among women in this country. The estimated participation rate for cervical cancer screening throughout Senegal is very low (6.9% of women 18-69 years old), especially in rural areas and among older age groups (only 1.9% of women above the age of 40 years). There are no reliable estimates of the prevalence of cervical dysplasia or risk factors for cervical dysplasia specific to rural Senegal...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176946/lower-education-among-low-income-brazilian-adolescent-females-is-associated-with-planned-pregnancies
#3
Alexandre Faisal-Cury, Karen M Tabb, Guilherme Niciunovas, Carrie Cunningham, Paulo R Menezes, Hsiang Huang
Adolescent pregnancy has social, economic, and educational consequences and is also linked to adverse perinatal outcomes. However, studies show a positive relationship between pregnancy and increased social status among low-income adolescents. This study aims to assess the association between planned pregnancy and years of schooling among low-income Brazilian adolescents. This is a secondary analysis of a cohort study conducted from May 2005 to March 2007 in public primary care clinics in São Paulo, Brazil...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176932/intrauterine-levonorgestrel-delivery-with-frameless-fibrous-delivery-system-review-of-clinical-experience
#4
REVIEW
Dirk Wildemeersch, Amaury Andrade, Norman D Goldstuck, Thomas Hasskamp, Geert Jackers
The concept of using a frameless intrauterine device (IUD) instead of the conventional plastic framed IUD is not new. Frameless copper IUDs have been available since the late 1990s. They rely on an anchoring system to retain in the uterine cavity. The clinical experience with these IUDs suggests that frameless IUDs fit better as they are thin and, therefore, do not disturb or irritate the uterus. High tolerance and continuation rates have been achieved as complaints of pain are virtually nonexistent and the impact on menstrual blood loss is minimal...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144165/osteosarcopenic-obesity-in-women-impact-prevalence-and-management-challenges
#5
REVIEW
Pegah JafariNasabian, Julia E Inglis, Owen J Kelly, Jasminka Z Ilich
Osteosarcopenic obesity syndrome (OSO) has recently been identified as a condition encompassing osteopenia/osteoporosis, sarcopenia and obesity. OSO is especially deleterious in older adults (even if they are not obese by conventional measures), due to age-related redistribution of fat and its infiltration into bone and muscle. Osteoporosis and bone fractures in elderly increase the risk of sarcopenia, which, through decreased mobility, increases the risk of more falls and fractures, creating a vicious cycle...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096695/hysterosalpingo-foam-sonography-patient-selection-and-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Hemashree Rajesh, Serene Liqing Lim, Su Ling Yu
We present an overview of the common types of tubal patency tests, with a focus on hysterosalpingo-foam sonography (HyFoSy). Current evidence suggests that HyFoSy is an accurate alternative to X-ray hysterosalpingography (HSG) for outpatient tubal evaluation in women who are at low risk for tubal disease. It may be superior to saline hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy) in excluding tubal occlusion. A hyperechogenic medium may enhance contrast visualization and enable clearer delineation of tubal anatomy...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053557/birth-preparedness-and-complication-readiness-among-rural-women-of-reproductive-age-in-abeshige-district-guraghe-zone-snnpr-ethiopia
#7
Kebebush Zepre, Mirgissa Kaba
BACKGROUND: Birth preparedness and complication readiness (BPCR) is a strategy that helps women to consider all available maternal health care services during pregnancy and prepare for potential complications. Federal Ministry of Health in Ethiopia has taken steps to roll out the strategy at community level. Yet, women in rural communities still do not make use of available services to avoid complications in connection to pregnancy and delivery. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the current BPCR practice and determine associated factors among rural women of reproductive age in Abeshige district, Guraghe zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031728/the-frequency-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-in-young-reproductive-females-in-qatar
#8
Elham Sharif, Sumaya Rahman, Yumna Zia, Nasser M Rizk
This was a prospective cross-sectional study in which 126 female students between the ages of 18 and 30 years were evaluated for the frequency of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) through clinical interview, questionnaire, and anthropometric measurements. The diagnostic criteria of the US National Institutes of Health criteria were used. Menstrual irregularities (MI) were identified, and clinical hyperandrogenism was evaluated by self-assessment of hirsutism using modified Ferriman-Gallwey score. Blood analysis was done for measurement of prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and the androgen hormones...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008287/searching-for-sex-and-gender-sensitive-tuberculosis-research-in-public-health-finding-a-needle-in-a-haystack
#9
Bilkis Vissandjee, Assia Mourid, Christina A Greenaway, Wendy E Short, Jodi A Proctor
Despite broadening consideration of sex- and gender-based issues in health research, when seeking information on how sex and gender contribute to disease contexts for specific health or public health topics, a lack of consistent or systematic use of terminology in health literature means that it remains difficult to identify research with a sex or gender focus. These inconsistencies are driven, in part, by the complexity and terminological inflexibility of the indexing systems for gender- and sex-related terms in public health databases...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008286/pregnancy-after-bariatric-surgery-improving-outcomes-for-mother-and-child
#10
REVIEW
Irene González, Albert Lecube, Miguel Ángel Rubio, Pedro Pablo García-Luna
The significant increase in the prevalence of obesity has led to an increase in the number of obese women who become pregnant. In this setting, in recent years, there has been an exponential rise in the number of bariatric procedures, with approximately half of them performed in women of childbearing age, and a remarkable surge in the number of women who become pregnant after having undergone bariatric surgery (BS). These procedures entail the risk of nutritional deficiencies, and nutrition is a crucial aspect during pregnancy...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003773/determinants-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-among-gynecologic-patients-in-bahir-dar-north-west-ethiopia-a-case-control-study
#11
Ayalnesh Asresie, Eleni Admassu, Tesfaye Setegn
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a significant public health problem in developing countries including Ethiopia. However, less has been documented on risk factors of POP. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify the determinants factors of POP. METHODS: An unmatched case-control study was conducted among gynecologic patients in Bahir Dar city, North West Ethiopia, from July to October 2014. A total of 370 women (selected from outpatient departments) were included in the study...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003772/determinants-of-institutional-delivery-service-utilization-among-pastorals-of-liben-zone-somali-regional-state-ethiopia-2015
#12
Nejimu Biza Zepro, Ahmed Tahir Ahmed
Maternal health service utilizations are poorly equipped, inaccessible, negligible, and not well documented in the pastoral society. This research describes a quantitative and qualitative study on the determinants of institutional delivery among pastoralists of Liben Zone with special emphasis on Filtu and Deka Suftu woredas of Somali Region, Ethiopia. The study was funded by the project "Fostering health care for refugees and pastoral communities in Somali Region, Ethiopia". This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during November 2015...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994487/the-experiences-of-prepregnancy-care-for-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-meta-synthesis
#13
Rita Forde, Evridiki E Patelarou, Angus Forbes
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the most common medical conditions affecting pregnancy and is associated with a number of adverse fetal, infant, and maternal outcomes. These adverse outcomes can be avoided or minimized with appropriate prepregnancy care (PPC). However, the uptake of PPC is limited in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The reasons for poor uptake are multifactorial, reflecting both women's understanding of pregnancy risks, and limitations in care delivery. METHODS: A systematic literature review with meta-synthesis was undertaken to identify qualitative studies exploring experiences of PPC for women with T2DM incorporating the views of women with T2DM and health care professionals (HCPs)...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994486/a-cost-effectiveness-evaluation-comparing-originator-follitropin-alfa-to-the-biosimilar-for-the-treatment-of-infertility
#14
Salvatore Gizzo, Juan A Garcia-Velasco, Franca Heiman, Claudio Ripellino, Klaus Bühler
OBJECTIVES: To perform a cost-effectiveness evaluation comparing the originator follitropin alfa (Gonal-f(®)) to the biosimilar (Bemfola(®)) in the Italian and Spanish contexts, with an assessment of the German and UK backgrounds. METHODS: Starting from the study by Rettenbacher et al, a cost-effectiveness model was developed in the Italian and Spanish contexts. Clinical data on subjects, doses of gonadotropin, pregnancies, live-born children, and ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome were used to feed the model...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956844/helminth-infection-during-pregnancy-insights-from-evolutionary-ecology
#15
REVIEW
Aaron D Blackwell
Helminths are parasitic nematodes and trematodes, grouped together because of morphological similarities and commonalities in the effects infections have on hosts. These include complications such as anemia and biasing of immune responses, which can alter susceptibility for other diseases. For pregnant women, these complications might have implications for pregnancy outcomes or neonatal health. Here, I review studies of helminth infections during pregnancy, and ask the following questions: Do helminths affect maternal health or pregnancy outcomes? Are there consequences of maternal infection for infants? What are the effects of antihelminth treatment during pregnancy? The evidence suggests that the answers to these questions depend on the particular helminth species in question, maternal nutritional status, and the presence or absence of comorbid infection with other species, such as malaria...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932897/effect-of-ovarian-endometrioma-on-uterine-and-ovarian-blood-flow-in-infertile-women
#16
Akmal El-Mazny, Ahmed Kamel, Wafaa Ramadan, Sherine Gad-Allah, Suzy Abdelaziz, Ahmed M Hussein
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis has been found to be among the most important factors in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. The formation of new blood vessels is critical for the survival of newly implanted endometriotic foci. The use of 3-D power Doppler allows for the demonstration of the dynamic vascular changes that occur during the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF). We aimed to evaluate the effect of ovarian endometrioma on uterine and ovarian blood flow in infertile women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a case-control study at a university teaching hospital, 138 women with unilateral ovarian endometrioma scheduled for IVF were compared to 138 women with male-factor or unexplained infertility...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920582/surgeons-early-experience-with-the-acessa%C3%A2-procedure-gaining-proficiency-with-new-technology
#17
Kelli M Braun, Mark Sheridan, Erin Z Latif, Lexy Regush, Anet Maksymowicz, Laura Weins, Mohamed A Bedaiwy, Nerissa Tyson, Marilyn J Davidson, Barry H Sanders
PURPOSE: Successful adoption of a new surgical procedure varies among practicing surgeons, and skill acquisition depends on the surgeon's innate ability, the complexity of the technique, and training. We report intraoperative and near-term postoperative outcomes from the Acessa procedure conducted by minimally invasive gynecologic surgeons new to Acessa, and report the surgeons' experiences during the training period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was designed as a postmarket, prospective, single-arm, multicenter analysis of operative and early postoperative outcomes after proctored surgical training with the Acessa device and procedure (laparoscopic ultrasound-guided radiofrequency volumetric thermal ablation of symptomatic fibroids) in premenopausal, menstruating women as conducted in community and university hospitals in the USA and Canada...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895514/success-rate-in-preterm-uterine-contraction-inhibition-with-tocolytic-agents-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#18
Duangsamorn Kiatsuda, Jadsada Thinkhamrop, Witoon Prasertcharoensuk
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the success rate of inhibiting preterm uterine contraction with tocolytic agents to delay delivery for at least 48 hours and risk factors of failure inhibition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and July 2014, medical records of all singleton pregnant women between 24 (0/7) and 33 (6/7) weeks of gestation with the diagnosis of preterm labor (with cervical dilatation) or threatened preterm labor (without cervical dilatation) who received tocolytic agents were reviewed...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843354/postpartum-hemorrhage-incidence-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-a-low-resource-setting
#19
Solwayo Ngwenya
BACKGROUND: Primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is defined as blood loss from the genital tract of 500 mL or more following a normal vaginal delivery (NVD) or 1,000 mL or more following a cesarean section within 24 hours of birth. PPH contributes significantly to maternal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Women can rapidly hemorrhage and die soon after giving birth. It can be a devastating outcome to many young families. Women giving birth in low-resource settings are at a higher risk of death than their counterparts in resource-rich environments...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843353/prevention-of-preterm-delivery-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#20
REVIEW
Maud D van Zijl, Bouchra Koullali, Ben Wj Mol, Eva Pajkrt, Martijn A Oudijk
Preterm birth (PTB), defined as delivery at <37 weeks of gestation, is the most important cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Therefore, preventing PTB is one of the main goals in obstetric care. In this review, we provide an overview of the current available literature on screening for risk factors for PTB and a summary of preventive strategies in both low-risk and high-risk women with singleton or multiple gestations. Furthermore, current challenges and future prospects on PTB are discussed. For an optimal prevention of PTB, risk stratification should be based on a combination of (maternal) risk factors, obstetric history, and screening tools...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
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