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European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341015/the-styloglossus-muscle-a-critical-landmark-in-onclogy-and-mandibular-preservation-surgery-for-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-lateral-oropharynx
#1
O Laccourreye, R K Orosco, F Rubin, F C Holsinger
GOAL: To document the role of the styloglossus muscle (SG) in the oncologic staging and mandibular preservation surgery for squamous cell carcinoma of the lateral oropharynx (SCCLO). METHOD: Based on a search conducted within the Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane databases, using the key words SG muscle, parapharyngeal space and oropharynx, the authors discuss the embryology, physiology, anatomy and radiology of this muscle as well as its role in the oncologic staging and mandibular preservation surgery of SCCLO...
October 16, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337240/bilateral-subdural-empyemas-with-meningitis-secondary-to-acute-barosinusitis
#2
J Sung, O Kwon, D Kim, K Kim
INTRODUCTION: Intracranial complications of acute rhinosinusitis are rare, but may turn life-threatening. CASE SUMMARY: We report a healthy 30-year-old male who complained of frontal headache, which developed while on a plane. A brain CT showed a low-density lesion on the left frontal convexity with right maxillary and ethmoid sinusitis. Despite receiving intravenous antibiotics, a follow-up brain CT showed two lesions with adjacent dural and leptomeningeal enhancement...
October 15, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30337239/congenital-bilateral-dacryocystocele
#3
Pedro Carneiro de Sousa, Marta Neves, Delfim Duarte, Paula Azevedo
INTRODUCTION: Newborns are obligatory nasal breathers. Therefore, nasal obstruction can lead to cyanosis and desaturation. In spite of being very rare, congenital bilateral dacryocystocele is a possible etiology for neonatal respiratory distress. CASE SUMMARY: Case report of a male newborn with respiratory distress caused by a bilateral polypoid and bluish lesion occupying almost the entire inferior nasal meatus. Imaging confirmed bilateral dacryocystocele. Treatment was conservative...
October 15, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30327179/conservative-three-quarter-versus-subtotal-seven-eighths-parathyroidectomy-in-secondary-hyperparathyroidism
#4
M Veyrat, H Fessi, J-P Haymann, P Ronco, J Lacau St Guily, S Périé
OBJECTIVE: There is at present no consensus concerning surgical techniques for secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Although both subtotal and total parathyroidectomy provide low rates of recurrence, they may induce hypoparathyroidism, damaging the bone and cardiovascular systems. The aim of our study was to compare 3/4 and 7/8 parathyroidectomy in this population and to discuss the potential benefit of more conservative treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study in a university teaching hospital between 2010 and 2014...
October 13, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322709/shared-decision-making-during-surgical-consultations-an-observational-study-in-pediatric-otolaryngology
#5
J Melong, J Meier, P Hong
AIMS: Shared decision-making (SDM) is a collaborative process in which patients and family members make healthcare decisions together with their clinician. The objective of this study was to explore how pediatric otolaryngologists involve parents in SDM and which factors influence this process. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ninety-six children being assessed by pediatric otolaryngologists at a tertiary healthcare center for elective surgical procedures (adeno/tonsillectomy or tympanostomy tube insertion) were prospectively enrolled into the study...
October 12, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318323/drilling-and-control-of-the-internal-auditory-canal-by-fixed-endoscope
#6
X Dubernard, J-C Kleiber, M Makeieff, A Bazin, A Chays
Preservation of vestibular structures, particularly the posterior semicircular canal, is essential to ensure hearing preservation in addition to complete tumour resection during retrosigmoid surgical resection of a vestibular schwannoma. Drilling of the internal auditory canal (IAC) is a delicate step, during which these structures can be accidentally perforated. The orientation of the IAC results in the formation of poorly visible zones that can predispose to perforation of these structures when drilling is performed with a microscope...
October 11, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30318322/french-society-of-otorhinolaryngology-and-head-and-neck-surgery-sforl-guidelines-concerning-the-role-of-otorhinolaryngologists-in-the-management-of-paediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-syndrome-follow-up-protocol-for-treated-children
#7
M Akkari, R Marianowski, F Chalumeau, P Fayoux, N Leboulanger, P J Monteyrol, M Mondain
OBJECTIVES: The authors present the French Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head and Neck Surgery (SFORL) clinical practice guidelines concerning the role of otorhinolaryngologists in the management of paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). This chapter is devoted to the follow-up protocol for children treated for OSAS. METHODS: A multidisciplinary task force was commissioned to carry out a review of the scientific literature on this topic. On the basis of the articles selected and the personal experience of each member of the task force, guidelines were drafted and graded as A, B or C or expert opinion according to a decreasing level of scientific evidence, and were then reviewed by a reading committee, independently of the task force...
October 11, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316634/lesion-of-the-thyroid-cartilage
#8
Z Cavallier, J Sarini, V Maisongrosse, A Dupret-Bories
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314876/sequential-bilateral-cochlear-implants-in-children-and-adolescents-outcomes-and-prognostic-factors
#9
S Baron, M Blanchard, M Parodi, I Rouillon, N Loundon
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implants (CI) have enabled an increasing proportion of deaf children to develop oral communication. Despite the well-known benefits of bilateral implantation, many of these children and teenagers have only a unilateral implant. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefits of sequential bilateral CI and the influence of relevant factors on outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single-center retrospective study included 109 children and adolescents who received a second sequential CI between 2008 and 2016...
October 9, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293958/strategy-for-facial-nerve-management-during-surgical-removal-of-benign-jugular-foramen-tumors-outcomes-and-indications
#10
J-Q Chen, H-Y Tan, Z-Y Wang, W-D Zhu, Y-C Chai, H Jia, H Wu
OBJECTIVE: Classical surgical management of jugular foramen (JF) tumors usually requires facial nerve rerouting which results in permanent facial palsy in most patients. The purpose of the article is to study the outcomes of different rerouting techniques, and to discuss their indications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 98 patients with JF tumors operated at our center between January 2008 and December 2016 using different surgical approaches with the following procedures for facial nerve management: total anterior rerouting (TR), partial anterior rerouting (PR), and fallopian bridge (FB) technique...
October 4, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293957/paediatric-auditory-brainstem-implantation-the-south-asian-experience
#11
S Raghunandhan, K Madhav, A Senthilvadivu, K Natarajan, M Kameswaran
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric Auditory Brainstem Implantation (ABI) is indicated for children with congenital cochlear aplasia, absent/hypoplastic vestibulocochlear nerve, for whom cochlear implantation is not possible. Knowledge of the anatomical landmarks and variants in anatomy of the brainstem is vital for ABI surgery. METHOD: Study was done at Auditory implant centre in Madras ENT research foundation, which includes 24 children who had undergone ABI surgery and are being followed up for 1 year, post operatively...
October 4, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30292530/novel-method-of-fitting-of-children-with-auditory-brainstem-implants
#12
M Polak, L Colletti, V Colletti
OBJECTIVES: To develop a reliable and objective fitting method for use with young children with an auditory brainstem implant (ABI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were 17 young children implanted with an ABI with the mean age 2 years and 4 months (8-64 months). Evoked auditory brainstem response (eABR) measurements were performed intraoperatively and at activation in order to record the auditory response and non-auditory side effects. Each child was tested to observe any subjective responses to the electric stimuli and non-auditory side effects...
October 3, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30290997/relation-between-adenoid-size-and-otitis-media-with-effusion
#13
L Skoloudik, D Kalfert, T Valenta, V Chrobok
AIMS: This study compares the efficacy of adenoidectomy on otitis media with effusion (OME) in patients with different size of adenoids and the connection between differently sized adenoids and middle ear effusion. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children with a history of at least 3 months' OME underwent adenoidectomy and myringotomy without the insertion of a tympanostomy tube. Treatment assignment was stratified by adenoids' size causing choanal obstruction (grade I-III) and according to Eustachian tube ostium obstruction (grade A-C)...
October 2, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220575/three-dimensional-reconstruction-of-the-temporal-bone-comparison-of-in-situ-ct-and-cbct-measurements
#14
E Guyader, J Savéan, C Clodic, P Letellier, P Meriot, R Marianowski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of three-dimensional (3D) Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) and Computed Tomography (CT) reconstructions of human temporal bones compared with in situ measurements. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Experimental anatomical study of 10 human temporal bones. Wilcoxon's test was used to compare 8 distances on each temporal bone measured in situ and then on 3D CT and CBCT reconstructions. Six landmarks were used: external auditory canal (EAC), tip of the mastoid process, tip of the occiput, zygoma, a point situated 1cm above the tip of the mastoid process (T0) (open technique: lower limit of the mastoidectomy), head of stapes...
September 13, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30217681/arytenoid-asymmetry-in-opera-singers
#15
P Clarós, A Clarós-Pujol, A Clarós
INTRODUCTION: Otolaryngologists commonly observe asymmetrical movements of the arytenoid cartilages, but few authors have described the clinical implications of this asymmetry, especially in singers. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of arytenoid asymmetry in adduction in a group of healthy opera singers and to evaluate the impact of this asymmetry on the voice. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical charts and laryngeal video recordings of 245 healthy opera singers were retrospectively reviewed...
September 11, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30201443/intestinal-and-non-intestinal-nasal-cavity-adenocarcinoma-impact-of-wood-dust-exposure
#16
P Gallet, D T Nguyen, A Russel, R Jankowski, C Vigouroux, C Rumeau
The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of wood dust exposure in intestinal (ITAC) and non-intestinal type (non-ITAC) nasal adenocarcinoma, so as to improve understanding of the oncogenic mechanisms in the light of the recent literature and of evo-devo concepts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients operated in our institution for nasal adenocarcinoma diagnosed on anatomopathology between May 2004 and February 2014 were included. Surgical specimens were examined twice by independent pathologists, blind to wood dust exposure status...
September 7, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30174260/transcervical-styloidectomy-in-eagle-s-syndrome
#17
P Pigache, C Fontaine, J Ferri, G Raoul
Eagle's syndrome is a rare disease responsible for polymorphic head and neck symptoms, often resulting in delayed diagnosis. The diagnosis of Eagle's syndrome is based on the presence of suggestive clinical signs associated with pain on palpation of the styloid process in the tonsillar fossa, a positive lidocaine test and elongation of the styloid process on 3D CT scan. The most commonly proposed curative treatment is styloidectomy, which allows complete resolution of symptoms in the great majority of cases...
August 31, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30174259/nodal-metastases-distribution-in-laryngeal-cancer-requiring-total-laryngectomy-therapeutic-implications-for-the-n0-neck
#18
D Riviere, J Mancini, L Santini, A Loth Bouketala, A Giovanni, P Dessi, N Fakhry
OBJECTIVES: Neck dissection is a controversial surgical procedure in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the Larynx free of any node metastasis detected in preoperative staging. The aim of this study was to investigate the distributions of lymph node metastases in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma and improve the rationale for elective treatment of N0 neck. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective single-center series of Seventy-eight successive patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent neck dissection between 2008 and 2015...
August 30, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30172621/delayed-endolymphatic-hydrops-special-emphasis-on-nystagmus-associated-with-episodes-and-contribution-of-chemical-labyrinthectomy
#19
P Reynard, A Karkas, M Gavid, Y Lelonge, P Bertholon
OBJECTIVES: The main objective was to describe spontaneous nystagmus characteristics during an episode of delayed endolymphatic hydrops (DEH), including an initial vertical upbeating nystagmus in one patient. The secondary objective was to highlight the contribution of chemical labyrinthectomy. METHODS: Episodic vertigo after a prolonged period of time of sensorineural hearing loss (profound or total) in one ear characterized ipsilateral DEH and was associated with the development of hearing loss in the opposite ear in contralateral DEH...
August 29, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30170974/the-use-of-standardized-order-sets-to-improve-adherence-to-evidence-based-postoperative-management-in-major-head-and-neck-surgery
#20
S Ansari, K Fung, S D MacNeil, A C Nichols, J Yoo, L J Sowerby
BACKGROUND: Standardized order sets (SOSs) are clinical tools derived from clinical care pathways that have shown improved patient-recovery and economic benefits. The primary objective was to examine the effect of SOSs on adherence to evidence-based postoperative guidelines for laryngectomy patients. METHODS: A retrospective chart review comparing handwritten and SOS-based postoperative physician orders was conducted for consecutive laryngectomies performed (n=70) within a 3-year time period...
August 28, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
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