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Thoracic Cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322515/high-dose-radiation-with-chemotherapy-followed-by-salvage-esophagectomy-among-patients-with-locally-advanced-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#1
Chawalit Lertbutsayanukul, Chadin Tharavej, Naruemon Klaikeaw, Anussara Prayongrat, Chutinan Lowanitchai, Virote Sriuranpong
BACKGROUND: Locoregional failure is a major problem associated with chemoradiation treatment for squamous cell esophageal carcinoma. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility, efficacy, and toxicity of preoperative radiation (dose > 50 Gy) with platinum-based chemotherapy followed by esophagectomy in locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma. METHODS: Data of patients with cT2-cT4 or node positive squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus who received trimodality treatment between February 2006 and June 2015 were reviewed...
March 21, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322512/clinicopathological-and-prognostic-features-of-surgically-resected-pathological-stage-i-lung-adenocarcinoma-harboring-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-and-k-ras-mutation
#2
Kaoru Kaseda, Keisuke Asakura, Akio Kazama, Yukihiko Ozawa
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate mutations of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and K-ras genes and their clinicopathological and prognostic features in patients with resected pathological stage I adenocarcinoma. METHODS: We examined 224 patients with surgically resected lung adenocarcinoma and analyzed the prognostic and predictive value of these mutations in 162 patients with pathological stage I adenocarcinoma. RESULTS: Mutations of the EGFR and K-ras genes were detected in 100 (44...
March 21, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319330/flap-endonuclease-1-rs174538-g-a-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-the-risk-of-esophageal-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#3
Yonghua Sang, Lin Bo, Haiyong Gu, Wengtao Yang, Yongbing Chen
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer has a high mortality rate, particularly in Asia, and there are obvious racial differences in regard to incidence. The purpose of our study was to assess the genetic susceptibility of functional single nucleotide polymorphisms in flap endonuclease-1 (FEN1) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma ESCC. METHODS: Clinical blood samples of 629 ESCC cases and 686 control samples were collected. The ligation detection reaction method was used to determine FEN 1 rs174538 G>A genotypes...
March 20, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304139/efficacy-and-safety-of-weekly-intravenous-nanoparticle-albumin-bound-paclitaxel-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-who-have-failed-at-least-two-prior-systemic-treatments
#4
Jianchun Duan, Yueqin Hao, Rui Wan, Sifan Yu, Hua Bai, Tongtong An, Jun Zhao, Zhijie Wang, Minglei Zhuo, Jie Wang
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of weekly intravenous nanoparticle albumin-bound paclitaxel (NAB-paclitaxel) treatment in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have undergone multi-line therapy, and to investigate the association of secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) expression status with clinical outcome. METHODS: Sixty-four patients who received NAB-paclitaxel treatment (130 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 of a 21 day cycle) as third line or further systemic treatment from 1 May 2011 to 30 June 2014 were included in this retrospective analysis...
March 17, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294549/clinical-and-computed-tomography-findings-in-chinese-lung-cancer-patients-with-hiv-infection-a-multi-center-study
#5
Zenghui Cheng, Fei Shan, Jinxin Liu, Yuxin Shi, Zhiyong Zhang, Guowei Wu
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to investigate clinical and computed tomography (CT) features in Chinese lung cancer patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: Forty consecutive lung cancer patients with HIV were included. Clinical data were collected, and CT features were reviewed and measured. The factors associated with stages of cancer and the CT features with opportunistic pulmonary infections (OPIs) were also analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the patients were men (85%), and the mean age was 57...
March 15, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296260/female-breast-cancer-incidence-and-mortality-in-china-2013
#6
Ting-Ting Zuo, Rong-Shou Zheng, Hong-Mei Zeng, Si-Wei Zhang, Wan-Qing Chen
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. Population-based cancer registration data from the National Central Cancer Registry were used to analyze and evaluate the incidence and mortality rates in China in 2013, providing scientific information for cancer prevention and control. METHODS: Pooled data were stratified by area (urban/rural), gender, and age group. National new cases and deaths were estimated using age-specific rates and the corresponding population in 2013...
March 13, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296173/snail-acetylation-by-histone-acetyltransferase-p300-in-lung-cancer
#7
Rui Chang, Yinjie Zhang, Peng Zhang, Qinghua Zhou
BACKGROUND: Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a complex and dynamic molecular event in lung cancer metastasis that has not yet been thoroughly investigated. EMT transcriptional factors, such as Snail, play a central role in regulation of the EMT process. In this study, we sought to identify an association between p300 and Snail in lung cancer, as well as the engagement of p300 in Snail acetylation. METHODS: We transfected p300 small interfering RNA into lung cancer cells to detect Snail and E-cadherin expression levels by real time-PCR...
March 13, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263037/loss-of-phosphatase-and-tensin-homolog-expression-correlates-with-clinicopathological-features-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-and-its-impact-on-survival-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Yongsheng Zhao, Renyan Zheng, Jian Li, Feng Lin, Lunxu Liu
BACKGROUND: Phosphatase and tensin homolog ( PTEN ), regarded as a tumor suppressor gene, may act as a prognostic biomarker in human cancers. METHODS: All eligible studies from MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, and the Chinese BioMedical Literature Database to October 2016 were incorporated. Two reviewers independently screened the literature according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted the data, assessed the methodological quality of the included studies, and conducted meta-analysis...
March 6, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263036/comparing-the-adverse-effects-of-platinum-in-combination-with-etoposide-or-irinotecan-in-previously-untreated-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients-with-extensive-disease-a-network-meta-analyses
#9
Yujie Chen, Lingxiao Chen, Diansheng Zhong
BACKGROUND: The safety of front-line chemotherapies for the treatment of extensive stage small-cell lung cancer (ED-SCLC) is uncertain. We carried out a network meta-analysis to compare the toxicity of different therapies for ED-SCLC. METHODS: We searched EMBASE, PubMed, CENTRAL and clinicaltrials.gov. We performed network meta-analysis on hematological (anemia, leukopenia, neutropenia, and thrombocytopenia) and non-hematological toxicities (diarrhea, infection, and nausea and vomiting)...
March 6, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239985/salvage-surgery-for-primary-lung-cancer-after-chemotherapy-in-octogenarians
#10
Haruaki Hino, Takashi Nishimura, Chiemi Usuki, Manami Sazuka, Takuya Ito, Atsuko Seki, Jun-Ichi Nitadori, Hirokazu Yamada, Tomio Arai, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Jun Nakajima
An 81-year-old female patient was admitted to our institute because of abnormal X-ray results. Chest computed tomography showed a 7.7 × 5.3 cm mass located in the left lower lobe and multiple swollen lymph nodes. 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography indicated high standard uptake values in the mass and swollen lymph nodes. The patient was diagnosed with stage cT3N2M0-IIIA squamous cell carcinoma. Although the patient had multiple lymph node metastases and severe obstructive pulmonary function, four cycles of platinum doublet chemotherapy were initially performed and no side effect greater than grade 3 was experienced...
February 27, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239957/activating-transcription-factor-3-promotes-malignance-of-lung-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#11
Xuebing Li, Xuexia Zhou, Yongwen Li, Lingling Zu, Hongli Pan, Boning Liu, Wang Shen, Yaguang Fan, Qinghua Zhou
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer remains the most common cause of cancer-related death, with high rates of recurrence and poor outcomes. An abnormally high expression of activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) in various cancers suggests an oncogenic role; however, its function in lung cancer is largely unknown. METHODS: Sixty-four pairs of lung cancer tissues were collected for ATF3 expression analysis by quantitative real-time PCR, immunoblotting, and immunohistochemistry staining...
February 27, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220643/extent-of-visceral-pleural-invasion-and-the-prognosis-of-surgically-resected-node-negative-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#12
Yangki Seok, Ji Yun Jeong, Eungbae Lee
BACKGROUND: Visceral pleural invasion (VPI) is generally considered a poor prognostic factor in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). VPI is defined as penetration beyond the elastic layer of visceral pleura (PL1), including the visceral pleural surface without the involvement of adjacent structures (PL2) by cancer cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of the extent of VPI on NSCLC prognosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 90 patients with resected node-negative NSCLC with VPI...
February 21, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220630/clinical-value-of-the-new-international-association-for-the-study-of-lung-cancer-american-thoracic-society-european-respiratory-society-classification-of-lung-adenocarcinoma
#13
Ziwei Guo, Fumei Yi, Wencheng Yin, Yu Zhang, Qian Li, Yangchun Gu, Yu Xiao, Baoshan Cao, Liwen Ma, Li Liang
BACKGROUND: We explored correlations between the new International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society classification, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status, and prognosis. METHODS: Data from 293 patients with lung adenocarcinoma were classified according to the new classification. Fisher's exact, χ(2) , and log-rank tests and Cox regression analysis were used to analyze correlations between EGFR mutation status, lung cancer prognosis, and the new histologic subtype...
February 21, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217920/impact-of-target-area-selection-in-125-iodine-seed-brachytherapy-on-locoregional-recurrence-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#14
Wei-Liang Yan, Jin-Shuang Lv, Zhi-Yu Guan, Li-Yang Wang, Jing-Kui Yang, Ji-Xiang Liang
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous implantation of (125) Iodine radioactive seeds requires the precise arrangement of seeds by tumor shape. We tested whether selecting target areas, including subclinical areas around tumors, can influence locoregional recurrence in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHOD: We divided 82 patients with NSCLC into two groups. Target areas in group 1 (n = 40) were defined along tumor margins based on lung-window CT...
February 20, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177201/factors-associated-with-the-diagnostic-yield-of-computed-tomography-guided-transbronchial-lung-biopsy
#15
Seon Cheol Park, Cheong Ju Kim, Chang Hoon Han, Sun Min Lee
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) may be useful for increasing the diagnostic yield of transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB). However, only a few studies with small sample sizes have reported the diagnostic utility of CT-guided TBLB and the factors affecting the diagnostic accuracy of CT-guided TBLB are not well known. We evaluated the diagnostic yield of CT-guided TBLB and associated factors. METHODS: CT-guided TBLB was performed in 59 patients. Both conventional fluoroscopy and CT were used in all patients for TBLB...
February 8, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256095/effect-of-visceral-pleural-invasion-on-the-prognosis-of-patients-with-lymph-node-negative-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Dan Tian, Yuquan Pei, Qingfeng Zheng, Jianzhi Zhang, Shaolei Li, Xing Wang, Dongmei Lin, Yue Yang
BACKGROUND: Visceral pleural invasion (VPI) is an adverse prognostic factor in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, its effect in relation to tumor size remains under debate. To better understand the prognostic impact and potential consequences for staging, we examined correlations between VPI and clinicopathologic characteristics in patients with NSCLC, particularly those with lymph node negative NSCLC. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 813 cases of radically resected NSCLC treated in our institution between December 2005 and December 2011...
March 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207203/is-chronic-kidney-disease-an-adverse-factor-in-lung-cancer-clinical-outcome-a-propensity-score-matching-study
#17
Ming-Shian Lu, Miao-Fen Chen, Chien-Chao Lin, Yuan-Hsi Tseng, Yao-Kuang Huang, Hui-Ping Liu, Ying-Huang Tsai
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity has a great impact on lung cancer survival. Renal function status may affect treatment decisions and drug toxicity. The survival outcome in lung cancer patients with coexisting chronic kidney disease (CKD) has not been fully evaluated. We hypothesized that CKD is an independent risk factor for mortality in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: A retrospective, propensity-matched study of 434 patients diagnosed between June 2004 and May 2012 was conducted...
March 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168842/bilateral-lung-metastasectomy-in-carcinoma-of-the-ampulla-of-vater
#18
Gyu Young Pih, Dong Kwan Kim, Kwang-Min Park, Heung-Moon Chang
The efficacy of lung metastasectomy is well established in several cancers, including colorectal cancer. However, little is known about the result of lung metastasectomy in carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater. Only two case reports have reported the efficacy of metastasectomy in ampullary cancer patients with pulmonary metastasis. We report the result of bilateral lung metastasectomy in a patient with ampullary cancer. A 63-year-old woman underwent pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy for carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater...
March 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134496/p73-g4c14-to-a4t14-polymorphism-is-associated-with-survival-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#19
Lei Ge, Yang Yang, Yifeng Sun, Wen Xu, Daru Lu, Bo Su
BACKGROUND: p73, a structural and functional homolog of p53, plays an important role in modulating cell cycle arrest. This study investigated the association between p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 polymorphism and survival outcomes in a Chinese population of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with platinum agents. METHODS: The p73 G4C14-to-A4T14 polymorphism was genotyped using DNA from blood samples of advanced NSCLC patients (642 in the discovery set and 330 in the replication set)...
March 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102935/ectopic-cushing-syndrome-in-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Hang-Yu Zhang, Jun Zhao
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a neuroendocrine tumor with the potential to secrete various peptides or hormones that can lead to paraneoplastic syndromes, such as Ectopic Cushing syndrome (ECS). Because of the aggressive nature of the syndrome and its atypical features, ECS in small-cell lung cancer is difficult to diagnose and has a poor prognosis. We report a case of a 74-year-old male patient who presented with severe hypokalemia, proximal muscle weakness, peripheral edema, metabolic alkalosis, and worsening hyperglycemia...
March 2017: Thoracic Cancer
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