journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Stroke Research and Treatment

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536667/association-between-embolic-stroke-patterns-esus-etiology-and-new-diagnosis-of-atrial-fibrillation-a-secondary-data-analysis-of-the-find-af-trial
#1
Ilko L Maier, Katharina Schregel, André Karch, Mark Weber-Krueger, Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Raoul Stahrenberg, Klaus Gröschel, Mathias Bähr, Michael Knauth, Marios-Nikos Psychogios, Rolf Wachter, Jan Liman
Background. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important cause of embolic stroke of undetermined source (ESUS). Imaging-patterns like multiple infarcts, simultaneous involvement of different circulations, infarcts of different ages, and isolated cortical infarcts are likely to indicate cardioembolic stroke. The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between embolic stroke patterns, ESUS, and the new diagnosis of AF. Methods. Stroke etiology and imaging characteristics from patients included in the Find-AF study were obtained...
2017: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409051/revisiting-hemicraniectomy-late-decompressive-hemicraniectomy-for-malignant-middle-cerebral-artery-stroke-and-the-role-of-infarct-growth-rate
#2
Saadat Kamran, Naveed Akhtar, Abdul Salam, Ayman Alboudi, Kainat Kamran, Arsalan Ahmed, Rabia A Khan, Mohsin K Mirza, Jihad Inshasi, Ashfaq Shuaib
Objective and Methods. The outcome in late decompressive hemicraniectomy in malignant middle cerebral artery stroke and the optimal timings of surgery has not been addressed by the randomized trials and pooled analysis. Retrospective, multicenter, cross-sectional study to measure outcome following DHC under 48 or over 48 hours using the modified Rankin scale [mRS] and dichotomized as favorable ≤4 or unfavorable >4 at three months. Results. In total, 137 patients underwent DHC. Functional outcome analyzed as mRS 0-4 versus mRS 5-6 showed no difference in this split between early and late operated on patients [P = 0...
2017: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321357/factors-associated-with-poststroke-anxiety-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Francesca Wright, Simiao Wu, Ho-Yan Yvonne Chun, Gillian Mead
Background and Purpose. Anxiety affects 25% of stroke survivors. There are no effective treatments. Poststroke depression, prestroke anxiety and depression, locus of control, coping, confidence, fatigue, and sleep are factors that may be associated with poststroke anxiety and can potentially be targeted by therapy. We systematically reviewed the literature and performed a meta-analysis to identify associations with these factors. Methods. We searched electronic databases from January 2014 to July 2015 to complement a literature search performed from inception to May 2014...
2017: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251015/brain-symmetry-index-in-healthy-and-stroke-patients-for-assessment-and-prognosis
#4
Andrei Agius Anastasi, Owen Falzon, Kenneth Camilleri, Malcolm Vella, Richard Muscat
Objective. Quantitative neurophysiological signal parameters are of value in predicting motor recovery after stroke. The novel role of EEG-derived brain symmetry index for motor function prognostication in the subacute phase after stroke is explored. Methods. Ten male stroke patients and ten matched healthy controls were recruited. Motor function was first assessed clinically using the MRC score, its derivative Motricity Index, and the Fugl-Meyer assessment score. EEG was subsequently recorded first with subjects at rest and then during hand grasping motions, triggered by visual cues...
2017: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243482/feasibility-of-a-nurse-led-weekend-group-exercise-program-for-people-after-stroke
#5
Katharine Scrivener, Raymond Tourany, Mary McNamara-Holmes, Karl Schurr, Simone Dorsch, Catherine Dean
Background. Additional physical activity including repetitive task practice can improve outcomes after stroke. The additional practice can be facilitated by therapists and family members or could also be delivered by nursing staff. Objective. To investigate the feasibility of a nurse-led weekend exercise program after stroke. Participants. Individuals after stroke, who participated in a weekend exercise program during their hospital admission. Methods. A retrospective audit of the number of referrals to and amount of exercise repetitions achieved in a nurse-led weekend exercise program was undertaken...
2017: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127492/renal-dysfunction-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-poor-outcome-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-treated-with-intravenous-thrombolysis-a-new-cutoff-value
#6
Elyar Sadeghi-Hokmabadi, Demet Funda Baş, Mehdi Farhoudi, Aliakbar Taheraghdam, Daryoush Savadi Oskouei, Mohammad Yazdchi, Maziyar Hashemilar, Nevzat Uzuner, Reshad Mirnour, Ertugrul Colak, Atilla Özcan Özdemir
Objective. This study was set to assess the effect of renal dysfunction on outcome of stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT). Methods. This multicenter research involved 403 patients from January 2009 to March 2015. Patients were divided into two groups: (1) control group with GFR ≥ 45 mL/min/1.73 m(2) and (2) low GFR group with GFR < 45 mL/min/1.73 m(2). Outcome measurements were poor outcome (mRS 3-6) and mortality at 3 months and symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (SICH) within the first 24-36 hours...
2017: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116215/thrombin-generation-in-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#7
Ibrahim O Balogun, Lara N Roberts, Raj Patel, Rohan Pathansali, Lalit Kalra, Roopen Arya
Introduction. Stroke remains a global leading cause of death and disability. Traditional description of plasma biology in the aftermath of acute ischaemic stroke favours development of hypercoagulability, resulting from complex interplay between plasma and endothelial factors. However, no single assay measures the overall global coagulation process. We postulate that thrombin generation would assist in identifying coagulation abnormalities after acute stroke. Aim. To investigate the coagulation abnormalities after acute ischaemic stroke using thrombin generation...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058130/therapists-perspective-on-virtual-reality-training-in-patients-after-stroke-a-qualitative-study-reporting-focus-group-results-from-three-hospitals
#8
Ludwig Schmid, Andrea Glässel, Corina Schuster-Amft
Background. During the past decade, virtual reality (VR) has become a new component in the treatment of patients after stroke. Therefore aims of the study were (a) to get an insight into experiences and expectations of physiotherapists and occupational therapists in using a VR training system and (b) to investigate relevant facilitators, barriers, and risks for implementing VR training in clinical practice. Methods. Three focus groups were conducted with occupational therapists and physiotherapists, specialised in rehabilitation of patients after stroke...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050311/variables-that-best-differentiate-in-patient-acute-stroke-from-stroke-mimics-with-acute-neurological-deficits
#9
P Natteru, M R Mohebbi, P George, D Wisco, J Gebel, C R Newey
Introduction. Strokes and stroke-mimics have been extensively studied in the emergency department setting. Although in-hospital strokes are less studied in comparison to strokes in the emergency department, they are a source of significant direct and indirect costs. Differentiating in-hospital strokes from stroke-mimics is important. Thus, our study aimed to identify variables that can differentiate in-hospital strokes from stroke-mimics. Methods. We present here a retrospective analysis of 93 patients over a one-year period (2009 to 2010), who were evaluated for a concern of in-hospital strokes...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974991/increased-blood-pressure-variability-is-associated-with-worse-neurologic-outcome-in-acute-anterior-circulation-ischemic-stroke
#10
Adam de Havenon, Alicia Bennett, Gregory J Stoddard, Gordon Smith, Haimei Wang, Jana Wold, Lee Chung, David L Tirschwell, Jennifer J Majersik
Background. Although research suggests that blood pressure variability (BPV) is detrimental in the weeks to months after acute ischemic stroke, it has not been adequately studied in the acute setting. Methods. We reviewed acute ischemic stroke patients from 2007 to 2014 with anterior circulation stroke. Mean blood pressure and three BPV indices (standard deviation, coefficient of variation, and successive variation) for the intervals 0-24, 0-72, and 0-120 hours after admission were correlated with follow-up modified Rankin Scale (mRS) in ordinal logistic regression models...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882262/knowledge-of-stroke-risk-factors-among-stroke-survivors-in-nigeria
#11
Grace Vincent-Onabajo, Taritei Moses
Background. Knowledge of stroke risk factors is expected to reduce the incidence of stroke-whether first-ever or recurrent. This study examined knowledge of stroke risk factors and its determinants among stroke survivors. Methods. A cross-sectional survey of consenting stroke survivors at two physiotherapy facilities in Nigeria was carried out. Sociodemographic and clinical data were obtained and knowledge of stroke risk factors (defined as the ability to mention at least one correct risk factor) was assessed using open-ended questionnaire...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818831/safety-and-efficacy-of-acute-clopidogrel-load-in-patients-with-moderate-and-severe-ischemic-strokes
#12
Amir Shaban, Dominique J Monlezun, Natalia Rincon, Jonathan Tiu, Melisa Valmoria, Sheryl Martin-Schild
Objective. To study the safety and efficacy of a clopidogrel loading dose in patients with moderate and severe acute ischemic strokes. Background. The safety of clopidogrel loading has been extensively investigated in patients with minor strokes and transient ischemic attacks. Methods. Acute ischemic stroke patients presenting consecutively to our center from 07/01/08 to 07/31/13 were screened. Clopidogrel loading was defined as at least 300 mg dose (with or without aspirin) given within 6 hours of admission...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752389/occupational-therapy-and-physiotherapy-in-acute-stroke-do-rural-patients-receive-less-therapy
#13
Josie Merchant, Gemma Kitsos, Samantha Ashby, Alex Kitsos, Isobel J Hubbard
Objective. To assess whether acute stroke patients in rural hospitals receive less occupational therapy and physiotherapy than those in metropolitan hospitals. Design. Retrospective case-control study of health data in patients ≤10 days after stroke. Setting. Occupational therapy and physiotherapy services in four rural hospitals and one metropolitan hospital. Participants. Acute stroke patients admitted in one health district. Main Outcome Measures. Frequency and duration of face-to-face and indirect therapy sessions...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688924/ischemic-strokes-observations-from-a-hospital-based-stroke-registry-in-bangladesh
#14
Nirmalendu Bikash Bhowmik, Aamir Abbas, Mohammad Saifuddin, Md Rashedul Islam, Rumana Habib, Aminur Rahman, Md Amirul Haque, Zahid Hassan, Mohammad Wasay
Background. Stroke is an important morbidity for low and middle income countries like Bangladesh. We established the first stroke registry in Bangladesh. Methods. Data was collected from stroke patients who were admitted in Department of Neurology of BIRDEM with first ever stroke, aged between 30 and 90 years. Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage, subarachnoid and subdural hemorrhage, and posttrauma features were excluded. Results. Data was gathered from 679 stroke patients. Mean age was 60.6 years. Almost 68% of patients were male...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668120/systematic-review-of-hospital-readmissions-in-stroke-patients
#15
REVIEW
Ahsan Rao, Emily Barrow, Sabine Vuik, Ara Darzi, Paul Aylin
Background. Previous evidence on factors and causes of readmissions associated with high-impact users of stroke is scanty. The aim of the study was to investigate common causes and pattern of short- and long-term readmissions stroke patients by conducting a systematic review of studies using hospital administrative data. Common risk factors associated with the change of readmission rate were also examined. Methods. The literature search was conducted from 15 February to 15 March 2016 using various databases, such as Medline, Embase, and Web of Science...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27493828/the-effects-of-power-training-in-young-and-older-adults-after-stroke
#16
Jennifer L Hunnicutt, Stacey E Aaron, Aaron E Embry, Brian Cence, Patrick Morgan, Mark G Bowden, Chris M Gregory
Background. Approximately 35,000 strokes occur annually in adults below the age of 40, and there is disappointingly little data describing their responses to rehabilitation. The purpose of this analysis was to determine the effects of Poststroke Optimization of Walking using Explosive Resistance (POWER) training in young (<40 years) and older (>60 years) adults and to describe relationships between training-induced improvements in muscular and locomotor function. Methods. Data was analyzed from 16 individuals with chronic stroke who participated in 24 sessions of POWER training...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418997/conductive-education-as-a-method-of-stroke-rehabilitation-a-single-blinded-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study
#17
Judith Bek, Melanie R Brown, Jagjeet Jutley-Neilson, Nicholas C C Russell, Pia A J Huber, Catherine M Sackley
Background. Conductive Education for stroke survivors has shown promise but randomised evidence is unavailable. This study assessed the feasibility of a definitive randomised controlled trial to evaluate efficacy. Methods. Adult stroke survivors were recruited through local community notices. Those completing the baseline assessment were randomised using an online program and group allocation was independent. Intervention group participants received 10 weekly 1.5-hour sessions of Conductive Education at the National Institute of Conductive Education in Birmingham, UK...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413577/influence-of-medication-on-fatigue-six-months-after-stroke
#18
Amélie Ponchel, Julien Labreuche, Stéphanie Bombois, Christine Delmaire, Régis Bordet, Hilde Hénon
Poststroke fatigue (PSF) is frequent and affects patients' quality of life. Medication use was hypothesized as being responsible for PSF. Our objective was to evaluate potential relationships between 6-month PSF and medication use at discharge and 6 months after an ischemic stroke. This study is part of STROKDEM, an ongoing longitudinal cohort study, whose main aim is to determine predictors of poststroke dementia. Patients were included within 72 hours after an ischemic stroke and followed up with standardized evaluations...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27313948/promoting-optimal-physical-exercise-for-life-an-exercise-and-self-management-program-to-encourage-participation-in-physical-activity-after-discharge-from-stroke-rehabilitation-a-feasibility-study
#19
Avril Mansfield, Svetlana Knorr, Vivien Poon, Elizabeth L Inness, Laura Middleton, Louis Biasin, Karen Brunton, Jo-Anne Howe, Dina Brooks
People with stroke do not achieve adequate levels of physical exercise following discharge from rehabilitation. We developed a group exercise and self-management program (PROPEL), delivered during stroke rehabilitation, to promote uptake of physical activity after discharge. This study aimed to establish the feasibility of a larger study to evaluate the effect of this program on participation in self-directed physical activity. Participants with subacute stroke were recruited at discharge from one of three rehabilitation hospitals; one hospital offered the PROPEL program whereas the other two did not (comparison group; COMP)...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27247825/the-r18-polyarginine-peptide-is-more-effective-than-the-tat-nr2b9c-na-1-peptide-when-administered-60-minutes-after-permanent-middle-cerebral-artery-occlusion-in-the-rat
#20
D Milani, N W Knuckey, R S Anderton, J L Cross, B P Meloni
We examined the dose responsiveness of polyarginine R18 (100, 300, and 1000 nmol/kg) when administered 60 minutes after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The TAT-NR2B9c peptide, which is known to be neuroprotective in rodent and nonhuman primate stroke models, served as a positive control. At 24 hours after MCAO, there was reduced total infarct volume in R18 treated animals at all doses, but this reduction only reached statistical significance at doses of 100 and 1000 nmol/kg. The TAT-NR2B9c peptide reduced infarct volume at doses of 300 and 1000 nmol/kg, but not to a statistically significant extent, while the 100 nmol/kg dose was ineffective...
2016: Stroke Research and Treatment
journal
journal
42973
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"