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Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental

Pilar García-García
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Francisco Javier Sanz-Fuentenebro
The process of normalization electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) requires, among other actions, disseminating the latest information on this technique. One of the most complex aspects is the electrical stimulus, whose knowledge should be spread and put into practice. In this paper we review the available information about frequency and number of ECT sessions, and efficacy of each electrode placement. We also present two approaches to determine the ECT charge: stimulus titration versus age-based method; and the limitations of the summary metrics of charge, being necessary to expand our knowledge of the parameters that configure the stimulus: duration, current amplitude frequency and pulse width...
August 25, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Eneko Barbería, Rosa Gispert, Belén Gallo, Gloria Ribas, Anna Puigdefàbregas, Adriana Freitas, Elena Segú, Pilar Torralba, Francisco García-Sayago, Aina Estarellas
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring and preventing suicidal behaviour requires, among other data, knowing suicide deaths precisely. They often appear under-reported or misclassified in the official mortality statistics. The aim of this study is to analyse the under-reporting found in the suicide mortality statistics of Tarragona (a province of Catalonia, Spain). METHOD AND MATERIALS: The analysis takes into account all suicide deaths that occurred in the Tarragona Area of the Catalan Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences (TA-CILMFS) between 2004 and 2012...
July 20, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Susana Alberich, Mónica Martínez-Cengotitabengoa, Purificación López, Iñaki Zorrilla, Nuria Núñez, Eduard Vieta, Ana González-Pinto
The depression is the most prevalent state throughout the life of the bipolar patient. Ketamine has been shown to be an effective and rapid treatment for depression. The objective of the present work is to perform a systematic review on the efficacy and safety of ketamine as treatment of bipolar depression, as well as its different patterns of administration. The search found 10 relevant manuscripts that met the inclusion criteria: one clinical trial, 5 cohort studies, and 4 case reports. Intravenous infusion was used in 60% of the studies...
July 4, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
José M Menchón, Julio Bobes, Jerónimo Saiz-Ruiz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Susana Al-Halabí, Pilar A Sáiz, Patricia Burón, Marlén Garrido, Antoni Benabarre, Esther Jiménez, Jorge Cervilla, María Isabel Navarrete, Eva M Díaz-Mesa, Leticia García-Álvarez, José Muñiz, Kelly Posner, María A Oquendo, María Paz García-Portilla, Julio Bobes
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychometric properties of a Spanish version of the C-SSRS (Sp-CSSRS). METHOD: Data are from a naturalistic, cross-sectional, multicentre, validation study, including 467 psychiatric outpatients, 242 of whom had a history of suicide attempt. The study measures were: C-SSRS; the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS); the Beck Suicide Intent Scale; the Medical Damage Scale. RESULTS: Construct validity: Pearson coefficient between the C-SSRS severity (C-Sev) and intensity (C-Int) of ideation subscale scores was 0...
July 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Rogelio Luque-Luque, Geli Marie Chauca-Chauca, Pablo Alonso-Lobato, M Jose Jaen-Moreno
INTRODUCTION: The phenomena of depersonalisation/derealisation have classically been associated with the initial phases of psychosis, and it is assumed that they would precede (even by years) the onset of clinical psychosis, being much more common in the prodromal and acute phases of the illness. The aims of the present study are to analyse the differences in depersonalisation/derealisation between patients with initial and multiple episodes and the factors that could influence this. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A descriptive, controlled and cross-sectional study of 48 patients diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia (20 with an initial episode and 28 with multiple episodes)...
July 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Ángel L Montejo, Celso Arango, Miguel Bernardo, José L Carrasco, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Juan J Cruz, Javier Del Pino, Miguel A García Escudero, Clemente García Rizo, Ana González-Pinto, Ana I Hernández, Manuel Martín Carrasco, Fermin Mayoral Cleries, Jaqueline Mayoral van Son, M Teresa Mories, Isabella Pachiarotti, Salvador Ros, Eduard Vieta
INTRODUCTION: Iatrogenic hyperprolactinaemia (IHPRL) has been more frequently related to some antipsychotic drugs that provoke an intense blockade of dopamine D2 receptors. There is a wide variation in clinical practice, and perhaps some more awareness between clinicians is needed. Due to the high frequency of chronic treatment in severe mental patients, careful attention is recommended on the physical risk. IHPRL symptoms could be underestimated without routine examination. METHODOLOGY: An intense scientific literature search was performed in order to draw up a multidisciplinary consensus, including different specialists of psychiatry, endocrinology, oncology and internal medicine, and looking for a consensus about clinical risk and detection of IHPRL following evidence-based medicine criteria levels (EBM I- IV)...
July 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Belén Calabozo, Vicente Molina, Fernando Uribe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Sergio Ramos Pozón
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Susana Ochoa, Francisco Martínez-Zambrano, Regina Vila-Badia, Oti Arenas, Emma Casas-Anguera, Esther García-Morales, Raúl Villellas, José Ramón Martín, María Belén Pérez-Franco, Tamara Valduciel, Mar García-Franco, Jose Miguel, Joaquim Balsera, Gemma Pascual, Eugènia Julia, Diana Casellas, Josep Maria Haro
INTRODUCTION: The stigma against people with mental illness is very high. In Spain there are currently no tools to assess this construct. The aim of this study was to validate the Spanish version of the Community Attitudes towards Mental Illness questionnaire in an adolescent population, and determining its internal consistency and temporal stability. Another analysis by gender will be also performed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A translation and back-translation of the Community Attitudes towards Mental Illness was performed...
July 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Aida de Arriba-Arnau, Antonia Dalmau, Neus Salvat-Pujol, Virginia Soria, Javier Bocos, José Manuel Menchón, Mikel Urretavizcaya
INTRODUCTION: Hyperventilation in electroconvulsive therapy sessions has been associated with seizure threshold, seizure characteristics, and cognitive effects. There is no consensus on the optimal procedure of applying hyperventilation manoeuvres during electroconvulsive therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective evaluation of the effects of systematic use of hyperventilation manoeuvres with facial mask and capnography (protocolized hyperventilation [pHV]), on ventilation parameters and on seizures...
June 13, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Miguel Bernardo, Fernando Cañas, Berta Herrera, Marta García Dorado
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial functioning in patients with schizophrenia attended in daily practice is an understudied aspect. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between symptomatic and psychosocial remission and adherence to treatment in schizophrenia. METHODS: This cross-sectional, non-interventional, and multicenter study assessed symptomatic and psychosocial remission and community integration of 1,787 outpatients with schizophrenia attended in Spanish mental health services...
June 9, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Miquel de la Torre Villalobos, Luis Miguel Martin-López, María Isabel Fernández Sanmartín, Elena Pujals Altes, Silvia Gasque Llopis, Santiago Batlle Vila, Victor Pérez-Solá, Patricia Novo Navarro, Isabel Gómez Simón, Cristina Fresno González, Ester Camprodon Rosanas, Antonio Bulbena Vilarrasa
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular and metabolic monitoring of patients on antipsychotic medication is essential. This becomes more important in those of paediatric age, as they are more vulnerable, and also because prescriptions of this kind of drugs are still increasing. AIM: To evaluate the monitoring of cardiovascular and metabolic risk factors in a group of children and young people on antipsychotic medication. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in which a group of 220 patients aged 8-17 years, diagnosed with a mental disorder and on antipsychotic treatment...
June 9, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Dolores Jurado, Renato D Alarcón, José M Martínez-Ortega, Yaiza Mendieta-Marichal, Luis Gutiérrez-Rojas, Manuel Gurpegui
We systematically review factors associated with the presence of psychological distress or common mental disorders in migrant populations. Articles published between January 2000 and December 2014 were reviewed and 85 applying multivariate statistical analysis were selected. Common mental disorders were significantly associated with socio-demographic and psychological characteristics, as observed in large epidemiological studies on general populations. The probability of common mental disorders occurrence differs significantly among migrant groups according to their region of origin...
June 9, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Leticia Garcia-Alvarez, Maria Paz Garcia-Portilla, Leticia Gonzalez-Blanco, Pilar Alejandra Saiz Martinez, Lorena de la Fuente-Tomas, Isabel Menendez-Miranda, Celso Iglesias, Julio Bobes
Symptomatology of schizophrenia is heterogeneous, there is not any pathognomonic symptom. Moreover, the diagnosis is difficult, since it is based on subjective information, instead of markers. The purpose of this study is to provide a review of the current status of blood-based biomarkers of psychopathological dimensions of schizophrenia. Inflammatory, hormonal or metabolic dysfunctions have been identified in patients with schizophrenia and it has attempted to establish biomarkers responsible for these dysfunctions...
June 9, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Víctor Pereira Sánchez, Nuria Isabel Núñez Morales, Alberto San Román Uría, Nieves Gómez-Coronado Suárez de Venegas, Carlos Gómez Sánchez-Lafuente, Patricia Hervías Higueras, Alba Toll Privat, Julia Cambra Almerge, Gregorio Montero-González
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 6, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Jorge A Cervilla, Isabel Ruiz, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Margarita Rivera, Inmaculada Ibáñez-Casas, Esther Molina, Eulalio Valmisa, José Carmona-Calvo, Berta Moreno-Küstner, José Eduardo Muñoz-Negro, Ana Ching-López, Blanca Gutiérrez
INTRODUCTION: This is the general methods describing paper of a cross-sectional study that aims to detect the prevalence of major mental disorders in Andalusia (Southern Spain), and their correlates or potential risk factors, using a large representative sample of community-dwelling adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. We undertook a multistage sampling using different standard stratification levels and aimed to interview 4,518 randomly selected participants living in all 8 provinces of the Andalusian region utilizing a door-knocking approach...
May 27, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
Adrián Capllonch, Silvia de Pablo, Alberto de la Torre, Ignacio Morales
INTRODUCTION: Clozapine is an antipsychotic drug that has shown to be more effective than other antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia, but its use is limited due to its side effects, particularly by the risk of causing agranulocytosis. A study was made on the variations in white cell and neutrophil counts in patients treated with clozapine in a Long-term Psychiatric Unit. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted with a sample of women of our long-term psychiatric care unit who had been treated with clozapine...
May 3, 2016: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
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