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Nature Communications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924261/a-chip-integrated-coherent-photonic-phononic-memory
#1
Moritz Merklein, Birgit Stiller, Khu Vu, Stephen J Madden, Benjamin J Eggleton
Controlling and manipulating quanta of coherent acoustic vibrations-phonons-in integrated circuits has recently drawn a lot of attention, since phonons can function as unique links between radiofrequency and optical signals, allow access to quantum regimes and offer advanced signal processing capabilities. Recent approaches based on optomechanical resonators have achieved impressive quality factors allowing for storage of optical signals. However, so far these techniques have been limited in bandwidth and are incompatible with multi-wavelength operation...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924239/the-autophagy-initiator-ulk1-sensitizes-ampk-to-allosteric-drugs
#2
Toby A Dite, Naomi X Y Ling, John W Scott, Ashfaqul Hoque, Sandra Galic, Benjamin L Parker, Kevin R W Ngoei, Christopher G Langendorf, Matthew T O'Brien, Mondira Kundu, Benoit Viollet, Gregory R Steinberg, Kei Sakamoto, Bruce E Kemp, Jonathan S Oakhill
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is a metabolic stress-sensing enzyme responsible for maintaining cellular energy homeostasis. Activation of AMPK by salicylate and the thienopyridone A-769662 is critically dependent on phosphorylation of Ser108 in the β1 regulatory subunit. Here, we show a possible role for Ser108 phosphorylation in cell cycle regulation and promotion of pro-survival pathways in response to energy stress. We identify the autophagy initiator Unc-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) as a β1-Ser108 kinase in cells...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924234/ultrasensitive-all-2d-mos2-phototransistors-enabled-by-an-out-of-plane-mos2-pn-homojunction
#3
Nengjie Huo, Gerasimos Konstantatos
Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenide-based photodetectors have demonstrated potential for the next generation of 2-dimensional optoelectronics. However, to date, their sensitivity has not been superior to that of other technologies. Here we report an ultrasensitive two-dimensional photodetector employing an in-plane phototransistor with an out-of-plane vertical MoS2 p-n junction as a sensitizing scheme. The vertical built-in field is introduced for the first time in the transport channel of MoS2 phototransistors by facile chemical surface doping, which separates the photo-excited carriers efficiently and produces a photoconductive gain of >10(5) electrons per photon, external quantum efficiency greater than 10%, responsivity of 7 × 10(4) A W(-1), and a time response on the order of tens of ms...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924226/electrically-driven-single-photon-emission-from-an-isolated-single-molecule
#4
Li Zhang, Yun-Jie Yu, Liu-Guo Chen, Yang Luo, Ben Yang, Fan-Fang Kong, Gong Chen, Yang Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Yi Luo, Jin-Long Yang, Zhen-Chao Dong, J G Hou
Electrically driven molecular light emitters are considered to be one of the promising candidates as single-photon sources. However, it is yet to be demonstrated that electrically driven single-photon emission can indeed be generated from an isolated single molecule notwithstanding fluorescence quenching and technical challenges. Here, we report such electrically driven single-photon emission from a well-defined single molecule located inside a precisely controlled nanocavity in a scanning tunneling microscope...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924218/uncontrolled-angiogenic-precursor-expansion-causes-coronary-artery-anomalies-in-mice-lacking-pofut1
#5
Yidong Wang, Bingruo Wu, Pengfei Lu, Donghong Zhang, Brian Wu, Shweta Varshney, Gonzalo Del Monte-Nieto, Zhenwu Zhuang, Rabab Charafeddine, Adam H Kramer, Nicolas E Sibinga, Nikolaos G Frangogiannis, Richard N Kitsis, Ralf H Adams, Kari Alitalo, David J Sharp, Richard P Harvey, Pamela Stanley, Bin Zhou
Coronary artery anomalies may cause life-threatening cardiac complications; however, developmental mechanisms underpinning coronary artery formation remain ill-defined. Here we identify an angiogenic cell population for coronary artery formation in mice. Regulated by a DLL4/NOTCH1/VEGFA/VEGFR2 signaling axis, these angiogenic cells generate mature coronary arteries. The NOTCH modulator POFUT1 critically regulates this signaling axis. POFUT1 inactivation disrupts signaling events and results in excessive angiogenic cell proliferation and plexus formation, leading to anomalous coronary arteries, myocardial infarction and heart failure...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924216/organocatalytic-synthesis-of-chiral-tetrasubstituted-allenes-from-racemic-propargylic-alcohols
#6
Deyun Qian, LinLin Wu, Zhenyang Lin, Jianwei Sun
Although chiral allene preparation via formal SN2' nucleophilic substitutions of enantioenriched propargylic derivatives or metal-catalyzed reactions of racemic propargylic derivatives has attracted considerable attention and found applications in many areas of research, direct use of propargylic alcohols instead of propargylic derivatives for catalytic asymmetric allene synthesis is unknown. Here, we show that a highly enantioselective synthesis of tetrasubstituted allenes from racemic propargylic alcohols has been realized by organocatalysis with good efficiency (up to 96% yield and 97% ee)...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924211/hydrogen-bonds-to-au-atoms-in-coordinated-gold-clusters
#7
Md Abu Bakar, Mizuho Sugiuchi, Mitsuhiro Iwasaki, Yukatsu Shichibu, Katsuaki Konishi
It is well known that various transition elements can form M···H hydrogen bonds. However, for gold, there has been limited decisive experimental evidence of such attractive interactions. Herein we demonstrate an example of spectroscopically identified hydrogen bonding interaction of C-H units to Au atoms in divalent hexagold clusters ([Au6](2+)) decorated by diphosphine ligands. X-ray crystallography reveals substantially short Au-H/Au-C distances to indicate the presence of attractive interactions involving unfunctionalized C-H moieties...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924207/novel-ecto-tagged-integrins-reveal-their-trafficking-in-live-cells
#8
Clotilde Huet-Calderwood, Felix Rivera-Molina, Daniel V Iwamoto, Emil B Kromann, Derek Toomre, David A Calderwood
Integrins are abundant heterodimeric cell-surface adhesion receptors essential in multicellular organisms. Integrin function is dynamically modulated by endo-exocytic trafficking, however, major mysteries remain about where, when, and how this occurs in living cells. To address this, here we report the generation of functional recombinant β1 integrins with traceable tags inserted in an extracellular loop. We demonstrate that these 'ecto-tagged' integrins are cell-surface expressed, localize to adhesions, exhibit normal integrin activation, and restore adhesion in β1 integrin knockout fibroblasts...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924193/rational-development-of-catalytic-au-i-au-iii-arylation-involving-mild-oxidative-addition-of-aryl-halides
#9
Abdallah Zeineddine, Laura Estévez, Sonia Mallet-Ladeira, Karinne Miqueu, Abderrahmane Amgoune, Didier Bourissou
The reluctance of gold to achieve oxidative addition reaction is considered as an intrinsic limitation for the development of gold-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions with simple and ubiquitous aryl halide electrophiles. Here, we report the rational construction of a Au(I)/Au(III) catalytic cycle involving a sequence of Csp(2)-X oxidative addition, Csp(2)-H auration and reductive elimination, allowing a gold-catalyzed direct arylation of arenes with aryl halides. Key to this discovery is the use of Me-Dalphos, a simple ancillary (P,N) ligand, that allows the bottleneck oxidative addition of aryl iodides and bromides to readily proceed under mild conditions...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924176/low-carbon-renewable-natural-gas-production-from-coalbeds-and-implications-for-carbon-capture-and-storage
#10
Zaixing Huang, Christine Sednek, Michael A Urynowicz, Hongguang Guo, Qiurong Wang, Paul Fallgren, Song Jin, Yan Jin, Uche Igwe, Shengpin Li
Isotopic studies have shown that many of the world's coalbed natural gas plays are secondary biogenic in origin, suggesting a potential for gas regeneration through enhanced microbial activities. The generation of biogas through biostimulation and bioaugmentation is limited to the bioavailability of coal-derived compounds and is considered carbon positive. Here we show that plant-derived carbohydrates can be used as alternative substrates for gas generation by the indigenous coal seam microorganisms. The results suggest that coalbeds can act as natural geobioreactors to produce low carbon renewable natural gas, which can be considered carbon neutral, or perhaps even carbon negative depending on the amount of carbon sequestered within the coal...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924171/a-network-integration-approach-for-drug-target-interaction-prediction-and-computational-drug-repositioning-from-heterogeneous-information
#11
Yunan Luo, Xinbin Zhao, Jingtian Zhou, Jinglin Yang, Yanqing Zhang, Wenhua Kuang, Jian Peng, Ligong Chen, Jianyang Zeng
The emergence of large-scale genomic, chemical and pharmacological data provides new opportunities for drug discovery and repositioning. In this work, we develop a computational pipeline, called DTINet, to predict novel drug-target interactions from a constructed heterogeneous network, which integrates diverse drug-related information. DTINet focuses on learning a low-dimensional vector representation of features, which accurately explains the topological properties of individual nodes in the heterogeneous network, and then makes prediction based on these representations via a vector space projection scheme...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924165/manf-regulates-hypothalamic-control-of-food-intake-and-body-weight
#12
Su Yang, Huiming Yang, Renbao Chang, Peng Yin, Yang Yang, Weili Yang, Shanshan Huang, Marta A Gaertig, Shihua Li, Xiao-Jiang Li
The hypothalamus has a vital role in controlling food intake and energy homeostasis; its activity is modulated by neuropeptides and endocrine factors. Mesencephalic astrocyte-derived neurotrophic factor (MANF) is a neurotrophic factor that is also localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in neurons. Here we show that MANF is highly enriched in distinct nuclei of the mouse hypothalamus, and that MANF expression in the hypothalamus is upregulated in response to fasting. Increasing or decreasing hypothalamic MANF protein levels causes hyperphagia or hypophagia, respectively...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924164/infused-liquid-switchable-porous-nanofibrous-membranes-for-multiphase-liquid-separation
#13
Yang Wang, Jiancheng Di, Li Wang, Xu Li, Ning Wang, Baixian Wang, Ye Tian, Lei Jiang, Jihong Yu
Materials with selective wettabilities are widely used for effective liquid separation in environmental protection and the chemical industry. Current liquid separation strategies are primarily based on covalent modification to control the membranes' surface energy, or are based on gating mechanisms to accurately tune the gating threshold of the transport substance. Herein, we demonstrate a simple and universal polarity-based protocol to regulate the wetting behavior of superamphiphilic porous nanofibrous membranes by infusing a high polar component of surface energy liquid into the membranes, forming a relatively stable liquid-infusion-interface to repel the immiscible low polar component of surface energy liquid...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924155/distinguishing-faceted-oxide-nanocrystals-with-17-o-solid-state-nmr-spectroscopy
#14
Yuhong Li, Xin-Ping Wu, Ningxin Jiang, Ming Lin, Li Shen, Haicheng Sun, Yongzheng Wang, Meng Wang, Xiaokang Ke, Zhiwu Yu, Fei Gao, Lin Dong, Xuefeng Guo, Wenhua Hou, Weiping Ding, Xue-Qing Gong, Clare P Grey, Luming Peng
Facet engineering of oxide nanocrystals represents a powerful method for generating diverse properties for practical and innovative applications. Therefore, it is crucial to determine the nature of the exposed facets of oxides in order to develop the facet/morphology-property relationships and rationally design nanostructures with desired properties. Despite the extensive applications of electron microscopy for visualizing the facet structure of nanocrystals, the volumes sampled by such techniques are very small and may not be representative of the whole sample...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924153/common-variants-in-mmp20-at-11q22-2-predispose-to-11q-deletion-and-neuroblastoma-risk
#15
Xiao Chang, Yan Zhao, Cuiping Hou, Joseph Glessner, Lee McDaniel, Maura A Diamond, Kelly Thomas, Jin Li, Zhi Wei, Yichuan Liu, Yiran Guo, Frank D Mentch, Haijun Qiu, Cecilia Kim, Perry Evans, Zalman Vaksman, Sharon J Diskin, Edward F Attiyeh, Patrick Sleiman, John M Maris, Hakon Hakonarson
MYCN amplification and 11q deletion are two inversely correlated prognostic factors of poor outcome in neuroblastoma. Here we identify common variants at 11q22.2 within MMP20 that associate with neuroblastoma cases harboring 11q deletion (rs10895322), using GWAS in 113 European-American cases and 5109 ancestry-matched controls. The association is replicated in 44 independent cases and 1902 controls. Our study yields novel insights into the genetic underpinnings of neuroblastoma, demonstrating that the inherited common variants reported contribute to the origin of intra-tumor genetic heterogeneity in neuroblastoma...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924149/antisite-occupation-induced-single-anionic-redox-chemistry-and-structural-stabilization-of-layered-sodium-chromium-sulfide
#16
Zulipiya Shadike, Yong-Ning Zhou, Lan-Li Chen, Qu Wu, Ji-Li Yue, Nian Zhang, Xiao-Qing Yang, Lin Gu, Xiao-Song Liu, Si-Qi Shi, Zheng-Wen Fu
The intercalation compounds with various electrochemically active or inactive elements in the layered structure have been the subject of increasing interest due to their high capacities, good reversibility, simple structures, and ease of synthesis. However, their reversible intercalation/deintercalation redox chemistries in previous compounds involve a single cationic redox reaction or a cumulative cationic and anionic redox reaction. Here we report an anionic redox chemistry and structural stabilization of layered sodium chromium sulfide...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924139/srphi-ratiometric-ph-biosensors-for-super-resolution-microscopy
#17
Douglas S Richardson, Carola Gregor, Franziska R Winter, Nicolai T Urban, Steffen J Sahl, Katrin I Willig, Stefan W Hell
Fluorescence-based biosensors have become essential tools for modern biology, allowing real-time monitoring of biological processes within living cells. Intracellular fluorescent pH probes comprise one of the most widely used families of biosensors in microscopy. One key application of pH probes has been to monitor the acidification of vesicles during endocytosis, an essential function that aids in cargo sorting and degradation. Prior to the development of super-resolution fluorescence microscopy (nanoscopy), investigation of endosomal dynamics in live cells remained difficult as these structures lie at or below the ~250 nm diffraction limit of light microscopy...
September 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916829/tricritical-wings-and-modulated-magnetic-phases-in-lacrge3-under-pressure
#18
Udhara S Kaluarachchi, Sergey L Bud'ko, Paul C Canfield, Valentin Taufour
Experimental and theoretical investigations on itinerant ferromagnetic systems under pressure have shown that ferromagnetic quantum criticality is avoided either by a change of the transition order, becoming of the first order at a tricritical point, or by the appearance of modulated magnetic phases. In the first case, the application of a magnetic field reveals a wing-structure phase diagram as seen in itinerant ferromagnets such as ZrZn2 and UGe2. In the second case, no tricritical wings have been observed so far...
September 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916822/ampk-phosphorylation-of-ulk1-is-required-for-targeting-of-mitochondria-to-lysosomes-in-exercise-induced-mitophagy
#19
Rhianna C Laker, Joshua C Drake, Rebecca J Wilson, Vitor A Lira, Bevan M Lewellen, Karen A Ryall, Carleigh C Fisher, Mei Zhang, Jeffrey J Saucerman, Laurie J Goodyear, Mondira Kundu, Zhen Yan
Mitochondrial health is critical for skeletal muscle function and is improved by exercise training through both mitochondrial biogenesis and removal of damaged/dysfunctional mitochondria via mitophagy. The mechanisms underlying exercise-induced mitophagy have not been fully elucidated. Here, we show that acute treadmill running in mice causes mitochondrial oxidative stress at 3-12 h and mitophagy at 6 h post-exercise in skeletal muscle. These changes were monitored using a novel fluorescent reporter gene, pMitoTimer, that allows assessment of mitochondrial oxidative stress and mitophagy in vivo, and were preceded by increased phosphorylation of AMP activated protein kinase (Ampk) at tyrosine 172 and of unc-51 like autophagy activating kinase 1 (Ulk1) at serine 555...
September 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916807/envelope-glycoprotein-mobility-on-hiv-1-particles-depends-on-the-virus-maturation-state
#20
Jakub Chojnacki, Dominic Waithe, Pablo Carravilla, Nerea Huarte, Silvia Galiani, Jörg Enderlein, Christian Eggeling
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) assembles as immature particles, which require the proteolytic cleavage of structural polyprotein Gag and the clustering of envelope glycoprotein Env for infectivity. The details of mechanisms underlying Env clustering remain unknown. Here, we determine molecular dynamics of Env on the surface of individual HIV-1 particles using scanning fluorescence correlation spectroscopy on a super-resolution STED microscope. We find that Env undergoes a maturation-induced increase in mobility, highlighting diffusion as one cause for Env clustering...
September 15, 2017: Nature Communications
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