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Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776230/driver-cellphone-and-texting-bans-in-the-united-states-evidence-of-effectiveness
#1
Anne T McCartt, David G Kidd, Eric R Teoh
Almost all U.S. states have laws limiting drivers' cellphone use. The evidence suggests that all-driver bans on hand-held phone conversations have resulted in long-term reductions in hand-held phone use, and drivers in ban states reported higher rates of hands-free phone use and lower overall phone use compared with drivers in non-ban states. Bans on all phone use by teenage drivers have not been shown to reduce their phone use. The effects of texting bans on the rates of drivers' texting are unknown. With regard to the effects of bans on crashes, 11 peer-reviewed papers or technical reports of all-driver hand-held phone bans and texting bans were reviewed...
2014: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776229/u-s-state-and-federal-laws-targeting-distracted-driving
#2
J D Catherine Chase
Distracted driving has burgeoned with the proliferation of cell phones, global positioning systems and other in-vehicle and personal electronic devices. Annually more than 3,300 people are killed and an additional 400,000 are injured in the United States in distracted driving crashes. The United States (U.S.) federal and state governments have responded to this public health problem with policies and laws; however, a more comprehensive and more effective approach is still needed. Some restrictions on the use of electronic devices while driving by federal employees and some voluntary guidelines and recommendations have been issued...
2014: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776228/special-considerations-in-distracted-driving-with-teens
#3
Dennis R Durbin, Daniel V McGehee, Donald Fisher, Anne McCartt
Novice teen drivers have long been known to have an increased risk of crashing, as well as increased tendencies toward unsafe and risky driving behaviors. Teens are unique as drivers for several reasons, many of which have implications specifically in the area of distracted driving. This paper reviews several of these features, including the widespread prevalence of mobile device use by teens, their lack of driving experience, the influence of peer passengers as a source of distraction, the role of parents in influencing teens' attitudes and behaviors relevant to distracted driving and the impact of laws designed to prevent mobile device use by teen drivers...
2014: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776227/estimates-of-prevalence-and-risk-associated-with-inattention-and-distraction-based-upon-in-situ-naturalistic-data
#4
Thomas A Dingus
By using in situ naturalistic driving data, estimates of prevalence and risk can be made regarding driver populations' secondary task distractions and crash rates. Through metadata analysis, three populations of drivers (i.e., adult light vehicle, teenaged light vehicle, and adult heavy vehicle) were compared regarding frequency of secondary task behavior and the associated risk for safety-critical incidents. Relative risk estimates provide insight into the risk associated with engaging in a single task. When such risk is considered in combination with frequency of use, it sheds additional light on those secondary tasks that create the greatest overall risk to driving safety...
2014: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776226/an-opportunity-for-convergence-understanding-the-prevalence-and-risk-of-distracted-driving-through-the-use-of-crash-databases-crash-investigations-and-other-approaches
#5
Linda S Angell
A variety of methodologies for understanding the prevalence of distracted driving, its risk, and other aspects of driver secondary activity, have been used in the last 15 years. Although the current trend is toward naturalistic driving studies, each methodology contributes certain elements to a better understanding that could emerge from a convergence of these efforts. However, if differing methods are to contribute to a common and robust understanding of driver distraction, it is critical to understand the strengths and limitations of each method...
2014: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776225/modeling-situation-awareness-and-crash-risk
#6
Donald L Fisher, David L Strayer
In this article we develop a model of the relationship between crash risk and a driver's situation awareness. We consider a driver's situation awareness to reflect the dynamic mental model of the driving environment and to be dependent upon several psychological processes including Scanning the driving environment, Predicting and anticipating hazards, Identifying potential hazards in the driving scene as they occur, Deciding on an action, and Executing an appropriate Response (SPIDER). Together, SPIDER is important for establishing and maintaining good situation awareness of the driving environment and good situation awareness is important for coordinating and scheduling the SPIDER-relevant processes necessary for safe driving...
2014: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776224/dynamics-of-driver-distraction-the-process-of-engaging-and-disengaging
#7
John D Lee
Driver distraction research has a long history, spanning nearly 50 years, but intensifying over the last decade. The dominant paradigm guiding this research defines distraction in terms of excessive workload and limited attentional resources. This approach largely ignores how drivers come to engage in these tasks and under what conditions they engage and disengage from driving-the dynamics of distraction. The dynamics of distraction identifies breakdowns of interruption management as an important contributor to distraction, leading to describe distraction in terms of failures of task timing, switching, and prioritization...
2014: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776223/visual-and-cognitive-distraction-metrics-in-the-age-of-the-smart-phone-a-basic-review
#8
Daniel V McGehee
Sources of distraction are numerous and varied, and defining and measuring distraction and attention is complicated. The driving task requires constant adjustments and reallocation of attention to cognitive, motor, and visual processes. While it is fairly straightforward to measure distraction in an experimental situation (e.g., simulator, closed course), driver distraction in the real world is highly contextual. While no single metric is capable of capturing the complexities of distraction, several have proved useful in helping researchers gain fuller understanding of it...
2014: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776222/towards-an-understanding-of-driver-inattention-taxonomy-and-theory
#9
Michael A Regan, David L Strayer
There is little agreement in the scientific literature about what the terms "driver distraction" and "driver inattention" mean, and what the relationship is between them. In 2011, Regan, Hallett and Gordon proposed a taxonomy of driver inattention in which driver distraction is conceptualized as just one of several processes that give rise to driver inattention. Since publication of that paper, two other papers have emerged that bear on the taxonomy. In one, the Regan et al taxonomy was used, for the first time, to classify data from an in-depth crash investigation in Australia...
2014: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776221/distracted-driving-what-is-the-state-of-the-science-and-what-are-our-knowledge-gaps
#10
Susan A Ferguson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24406980/behaviors-increasing-the-risk-of-crash-injury-in-latino-adolescent-males-the-influence-of-acculturation-and-parent-connectedness
#11
Federico E Vaca, Daniel L Summers, Linda Roney, Pina Violano, Alison Moriarty-Daley, James Dziura, Craig Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24406979/do-speed-cameras-reduce-collisions
#12
Jeffrey Skubic, Steven B Johnson, Chris Salvino, Steven Vanhoy, Chengcheng Hu
We investigated the effects of speed cameras along a 26 mile segment in metropolitan Phoenix, Arizona. Motor vehicle collisions were retrospectively identified according to three time periods - before cameras were placed, while cameras were in place and after cameras were removed. A 14 mile segment in the same area without cameras was used for control purposes. Five cofounding variables were eliminated. In this study, the placement or removal of interstate highway speed cameras did not independently affect the incidence of motor vehicle collisions...
2013: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24406978/child-car-seat-inspection-stations-who-attends-and-what-is-the-benefit
#13
Joseph O'neil, Marnita L Louzon, Judith Talty, Jonathon D Matthews, Marilyn J Bull
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24406977/quantifying-results-of-a-comprehensive-school-age-child-injury-prevention-program
#14
Nicole Kozma, Anyah Land, Catherine Rains, Greta Todd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24406976/departing-from-risky-drivers-a-sociological-analysis-of-passengers-risk-factors
#15
Jose Ignacio Nazif-Munoz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24406975/low-speed-rear-impact-sled-tests-involving-human-subjects
#16
Seong Woo Hong, Sung-Ji Park, Young-Nae Lee, Jae-Ho Yoo, Hansung Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24406974/are-strong-graduated-driver-licensing-laws-having-unintended-consequences
#17
James C Fell, Eduardo Romano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24406973/statistical-implications-of-using-moving-violation-data-to-determine-crash-responsibility
#18
Allison E Curry, Melissa R Pfeiffer, Rachel Myers, Michael R Elliott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24406972/comparison-of-adult-and-teen-driver-crash-scenarios-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-serious-crashes
#19
Allison E Curry, Catherine C McDonald, Venk Kandadai, Marilyn S Sommers, Flaura K Winston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24406971/self-pay-trauma-victims-have-a-higher-mortality-rate-than-patients-with-different-payment-methods
#20
Vatsal Chikani, Chris Salvino, Khaleel Hussaini, Anne Vossbrink, Anita Ray Ng, Ben Bobrow, Jeff Skubic, Rogelio Martinez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine
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