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World Neurosurgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342925/epidemiology-and-characteristics-of-neurosurgical-conditions-at-mbarara-regional-referral-hospital
#1
Jihad Abdelgadir, Emily R Smith, Maria Punchak, Joao Ricardo Vissoci, Catherine Staton, Alex Muhindo, David Kitya, Lawrence P Park, Michael M Haglund
BACKGROUND: The unmet surgical need, specifically neurosurgical need, in Uganda is significant, yet only two public hospitals currently perform neurosurgery in the country. This study examines the epidemiology and outcomes of neurosurgical conditions presenting to one of 12 regional referral hospitals in Uganda, in an effort to understand the neurosurgical needs of this population. METHODS: The study was conducted at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital (MRRH), in southwestern Uganda...
March 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342924/effect-of-an-anterior-cingulotomy-on-pain-cognition-and-sensory-pathways
#2
Guan-Chyuan Wang, Tomor Harnod, Tsung-Lang Chou, Kuan-Pin Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342923/giant-intracranial-aneurysms-surgical-treatment-and-risk-factors-analysis
#3
Long Xu, Xiaofeng Deng, Shuo Wang, Yong Cao, Yuanli Zhao, Dong Zhang, Yan Zhang, Rong Wang, Wei Qi, Jizong Zhao
OBJECTIVE: The surgical treatment of giant intracranial aneurysms (GIAs; diameter≥25mm) is challenging. The objective of this paper is to study the clinical outcome of GIAs treated with different surgical modalities and to analyze the factors affecting prognosis. METHODS: A consecutive series of 204 patients with GIAs who received surgical treatment in our department from 1995 to 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical outcome was evaluated with the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS)...
March 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342922/smartphones-and-programmable-shunts-are-these-indispensable-phones-safe-as-well-as-smart
#4
Sait Ozturk, Hakan Cakin, Huseyin Kurtuldu, Onur Kocak, Fatih S Erol, Metin Kaplan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342921/intensive-reduction-of-systolic-blood-pressure-in-acute-intracerebral-hemorrhage-is-there-a-benefit
#5
Shahram Majidi, Wayne J Olan, Dimitri Sigounas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342920/which-is-the-more-appropriate-proximal-fusion-level-for-adult-lumbar-degenerative-flat-back
#6
Jeong-Hoon Choi, Jee-Soo Jang, Hyeun-Sung Kim, Il-Tae Jang
OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal proximal fusion level after long instrumented fusion to the sacrum for lumbar degenerative flat back. METHODS: Data from 70 patients with lumbar degenerative flat back were reviewed retrospectively. Three groups were designated according to the upper instrumented vertebrae (UIV) : Group 1 (UIV = T10 or above), Group 2 (UIV = T11 to T12), and Group 3 (UIV = L1 or below). Preoperative and postoperative pelvic parameters, degree of correction, and prevalence of proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) and its risk factors were evaluated...
March 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342919/radiation-exposure-to-the-surgeon-during-ultrasound-assisted-transforaminal-percutaneous-endoscopic-lumbar-discectomy-a-prospective-study
#7
Ruihui Wu, Xuqiang Liao, Hong Xia
PURPOSE: To determine the radiation dose to the surgeon during ultrasound-assisted transforaminal percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy (transforaminal PELD) for lumbar disc herniation, and investigate whether the usage of ultrasonography could reduce the radiation exposure to surgeon. METHODS: The stages of needle insertion and foraminal plasty for transforaminal PELD were performed under ultrasound guidance and confirmed by fluoroscopy according to the standard technique by two spinal surgeons separately in 25 transforaminal PELDs (25 levels)...
March 22, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336446/ethical-obligations-in-attempting-to-do-good-in-a-surgical-mission-reflections-on-the-neurosurgical-mission-to-mongolia
#8
Mahwish U Ahmad, Paul J Ford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336445/mortality-associated-characteristics-of-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-at-the-university-teaching-hospital-of-kigali-rwanda
#9
Elizabeth Krebs, Charles J Gerardo, Lawrence P Park, Joao Ricardo Nickenig Vissoci, Jean Claude Byiringiro, Fidele Byiringiro, Stephen Rulisa, Nathan Thielman, Catherine Staton
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a leading cause of death and disability. TBI patients in low and middle- income countries have worse outcomes than those in high-income countries. We aimed to evaluate important clinical indicators associated with mortality for TBI patients at the University Teaching Hospital of Kigali (UTHK) Kigali, Rwanda. METHODS: Prospective consecutive sampling of TBI patients presenting to UTHK Accident and Emergency Department were screened for inclusion criteria: reported head trauma, alteration in consciousness, headache, or visible head trauma...
March 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336443/predicting-academic-career-placement-neurosurgery-s-quest-for-the-holy-grail
#10
Nickalus R Khan, Paul Klimo, L Madison Michael
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336444/tool-tissue-interaction-forces-in-brain-arteriovenous-malformation-surgery
#11
Taku Sugiyama, Liu Shi Gan, Kourosh Zareinia, Sanju Lama, Garnette R Sutherland
OBJECTIVE: Surgical resection of a brain arteriovenous malformation (AVM) poses a technical challenge due to the fragility and number of small feeding and draining vessels around the nidus. Acquiring knowledge of optimal force applied to such tissue is important in surgical performance and education. METHODS: A force sensing bipolar forceps was developed through installation of strain gauge sensors, and force profiles were obtained from two AVM surgeries. The force data associated with vessel injury, unsuccessful trial, was compared with that from successful trials...
March 20, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323192/multimodality-management-of-spetzler-martin-grade-3-brain-arteriovenous-malformations-with-subgroup-analysis
#12
Isaac Josh Abecassis, John D Nerva, Abdullah Feroze, Jason Barber, Basavaraj V Ghodke, Louis J Kim, Laligam N Sekhar
INTRODUCTION: Spetzler-Martin grade 3 (SM3) lesions entail 4 distinct subtypes described based on size, eloquence, and deep venous drainage (DVD) (3A-3D). The ideal management of each is contentious, and the results of A Randomized Trial of Unruptured Brain AVMs (ARUBA) introduced additional controversy and attention towards management strategies of unruptured bAVMs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 114 patients with treated SM3 bAVMs, including both ruptured and unruptured lesions...
March 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323188/tailored-double-barrel-bypass-surgery-using-an-occipital-artery-graft-for-unstable-intracranial-vascular-occlusive-disease-a-case-report
#13
Yeongu Chung, Sung Ho Lee, Jiwook Ryu, Johnho Kim, Sang Bong Chung, Seok Keun Choi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323185/geopolitical-forces-and-the-challenges-for-developing-world-neurosurgery-training
#14
Ernest J Wright, Peter Nakaji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323183/calcified-spinal-meningiomas
#15
Andrea Gennaro Ruggeri, Benedetta Fazzolari, Davide Colistra, Martina Cappelletti, Nicola Marotta, Roberto Delfini
OBJECTIVE: This study has been undertaken to analyse outcome of patients surgically treated for calcified spinal meningiomas and to determine factors associated with surgical morbidity. METHODS: Between January 2000 and June 2013 a total of 54 patients underwent surgical resection of a spinal meningioma: 37 of these cases have shown various degrees of calcification, confirmed by histopathological analysis. The clinical evaluation have been performed according to the ASIA Impairment Scale...
March 18, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323191/the-feasibility-and-safety-of-separate-carotid-artery-stenting-using-the-restrict-protective-method-for-bilateral-carotid-stenosis
#16
Tomotaka Ohshima, Ishu Bishnori, Kojiro Ishikawa, Shunsaku Goto, Taiki Yamamoto, Yoko Kato
BACKGROUND: and Purpose: The treatment strategy for bilateral carotid stenosis (BCS) is not clear. We report our experience of treating 12 patients with BCS using separate carotid artery stenting (CAS) using the restrict protective method. The order of treatment site and the protective method are also discussed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between April 2012 and November 2016, 24 lesions in 12 patients (range, 44-83 years; mean, 71 years; 1 woman) underwent CAS at Kariya Toyota General Hospital...
March 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323190/orbital-hydatid-cyst-causing-papilledema-and-proptosis-in-an-adult
#17
Mousa Taghipour, Nima Derakhshan, Arash Saffarian, Amirreza Dehghanian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323189/memories-never-in-memoriam
#18
Reid Hoshide, Rahul Jandial
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323187/activation-of-cytotoxic-natural-killer-cells-after-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-haemorrhage
#19
Daniel Spitzer, Nina Johanna Spitzer, Monika Deininger, Christian Rainer Wirtz, Ralph König, Timo Burster, Thomas Kapapa
OBJECTIVE: Cell-mediated inflammation is critical in development of cerebrovascular complications after aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (aSAH). We analysed the course for activated CD16(bright)CD56(dim) cytotoxic NKCSF cells (NK) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 15 patients. METHODS: Patients were classified by occurrence of cerebral vasospasm and delayed cerebral ischemia. NK were monitored by flow cytometry between day 1 and 14 after haemorrhage. RESULTS: 12 (80%) patients developed CV with a mean day of detection at 3...
March 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323186/micro-multileaf-collimator-linac-radiosurgery-for-vestibular-schwannomas
#20
Essam M Rezk, Faycal El Majdoub, Martin Kocher, Harald Treuer, Volker Sturm, Mohammad Maarouf
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the efficacy of linear accelerator (LINAC) radiosurgery using micro multi-leaf collimator technique (μMLC) in the treatment of a consecutive series of patients with vestibular schwannomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we enrolled 50 patients with non-neurofibromatosis type 2 vestibular schwannoma who were treated with μMLC LINAC-based SRS at University Hospital of Cologne, Germany. A minimum clinical follow-up of 24 months was conducted...
March 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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