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International Journal of Health Sciences

Renda E M Abdelmageed, H B Xiao
A 22-year-old woman collapsed at home and was brought to the accident and emergency department. History revealed that she was fit and taken T5 capsule the night before the collapse. There was no history of similar collapses or seizure. Examination revealed blood pressure (BP) of 104/69 mmHg and a heart rate (HR) of 70 bpm. Chest, cardiovascular, and neurology examination were unremarkable. However, on standing, her HR increased to 120 bpm, and her BP dropped to 62/40 mmHg. Blood Na, K, Ca, Mg, phosphate, creatinine, complete blood count, T4 cortisol, and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) were normal...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Niraj Khatri Sapkota
Pitting edema is the clinical manifestation generally presented due to long standing, especially during summer in the sun, heavy weight bearing, vasodilatation, or cardio-hepatorenal disease or in rare hypothyroidism, but in atypical case may demonstrates depression with progressive stress, that also shows indication of mild pitting edema. We present a case of a non-alcoholic 42 years divorced male under anti-anxiety medication for 10 years who complained of weight gain almost 10 kg in 30 days duration, less attentive to his work, and always feel sleepiness during day (once get to sleep, slept more than 5 h during day) and also late up to morning if not called to wake-up, also with diminished memory, more specific event was before 60 days of these symptoms he unexpectedly suffered family tragedy suggesting depression led progressive stress pitting edema that got managed after appropriate counseling along with changes in his life style...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Farrukh Majeed
Sunlight is regarded among greatest gifts that are presented in abundance to the human beings from the God. Sunlight is also a rich source of Vitamin D (Vit D) that prevents us from numerous ailments such as autoimmune disorders, various types of cancer, and the above all cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Evident from recent research that Vit D deficiency may be the cause for hypertension, cardiac autonomic imbalance, vascular endothelial dysfunction, metabolic syndrome, and even diabetes. Concurrently, many studies present research outcomes that are contradictory to earlier results and also raised a concern not for general public but also among their treating physicians...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Khalid M Sumaily, Ahmed H Mujamammi
Disorders of protein metabolism are the most common diseases among discovered inherited metabolic disorders. Phenylketonuria (PKU), a relatively common disorder that is responsive to treatment, is an inherited autosomal recessive disorder caused by a deficiency in phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) or one of several enzymes mediating biosynthesis or regeneration of the PAH cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin. The objective of this review is to discuss therapeutic strategies that have recently emerged for curing patients with PKU, which have demonstrated promising improvements in managing these patients...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Khalid Ansari, Faraz Ahmed Farooqi
Objectives: The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of smoking and factors associated with smoking habits among female students in all departments of College of Applied Medical Science (CAMS) at the University of Dammam. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at CAMSs, University of Dammam. Only female students were included from all the departments of CAMS. The modified structured Global Youth Tobacco Survey was used to collect detailed information about smoking habits and factors associated with smoking...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Ahmad A Alanazi
Objectives: Audiology and speech-language pathology (SLP) are relatively new professions in Saudi Arabia. The idea of establishing new audiology and SLP programs in some education facilities has become popular across Saudi Arabia; yet, only four undergraduate and graduate programs are currently available. This study aimed to explore the fields of audiology and SLP in Saudi Arabia, obtain demography of audiologists and Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), understand their current practices, and identify their perspective on what both professions need to improve...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Mulugeta Dedha, Melake Damena, Gudina Egata, Lemma Negesa
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess undernutrition and factors associated with, among people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and on antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods: Facility-based cross-sectional study design was implemented. Data were collected using pretested structured questionnaire at ART service site. Basic descriptive statistics were computed. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to assess the association between outcome variable and explanatory variables...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Mohammad Jawad Alamgir, Syed Abrar Ali, Nermin Aly Hamdy, Moin Zafar Khan, Elgamri E Mohammad
Objectives: Optic neuritis (ON) can occur in isolation or association with multiple sclerosis (MS) or neuromyelitis optica. ON, is seen more commonly in Caucasians and interaction is found to exist between ethnic origin and the latitude at which the patient grows up. At present limited information is available about the profile of ON in Saudi patients. We aimed to analyze the records of ON patients, in regard to their presentation, natural history, treatment outcome, and risk and association with MS...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Azhar Memon
Objective: Determine the frequency of cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in type 2 diabetics using Bellavere's score system. Subjects and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Medicine, Isra University Hospital Hyderabad from March to November 2011. Sixty voluntary participants of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) were selected through non-probability purposive sampling. Cardiac autonomic nerve function was assessed using Bellavere's score system...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Hosam M Althobaity, Raed A S Alharthi, Mohammed H Altowairqi, Ziyad A Alsufyani, Nahar S Aloufi, Abdulrahman E Altowairqi, Abdulrahman S Alqahtani, Ali K Alzahrani, Ahmed S Abdel-Moneim
Objective: The current study was intended to evaluate the knowledge and awareness toward Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) of pilgrims from Saudi Arabia and from different Arabian countries. Methods: A prospective study was conducted among pilgrims from Saudi Arabia and those from other Arab nations. A total number of 2120 participants including 736 Saudi pilgrims (436 males and 300 females) and 1384 non-Saudi Arabian pilgrims (1384; 909 males and 475 females) were included in the study...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Sultan H Al Rashidi, H Alhumaidan
Objectives: Computers and other visual display devices are now an essential part of our daily life. With the increased use, a very large population is experiencing sundry ocular symptoms globally such as dry eyes, eye strain, irritation, and redness of the eyes to name a few. Collectively, all such computer related symptoms are usually referred to as computer vision syndrome (CVS). The current study aims to define the prevalence, knowledge in community, pathophysiology, factors associated, and prevention of CVS...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Nazmus Saquib, Juliann Saquib, Abdulrahman Alhadlag, Mohamad Anas Albakour, Bader Aljumah, Mohammed Sughayyir, Ziad Alhomidan, Omar Alminderej, Mohamed Aljaser, Abdulrahman Al-Mazrou
Objective: Saudi demographic composition has changed because of increased life expectancy and decreased fertility rates. Little data are available about health conditions among older adults in Saudi Arabia, who are expected to represent 20% of the population by 2050. The study aim was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for chronic conditions among older Saudi men. Methods: The sample pertained to 400 men (age ≥55 years) from Buraidah, Al-Qassim. Research assistants recruited participants in all the mosques from the randomly selected neighborhoods (16 of 95)...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Ghulam Mustafa Kaim Khani, Kamran Hafeez, Muhammad Bux, Nusrat Rasheed, Naveed Ahmed, M Perwez Anjum
Objective: To present the clinical outcome of patients with neglected femur neck fracture treated with fibular bone graft. Methods: During May 2010-February 2013, 15 patients younger than 35 years of age with neglected fracture neck of femur were managed with non-vascularized fibular graft and cannulated screws. Fractures were classified according to Sandhu Classification. Hip function was assessed using Harris hip score. Results: Fifteen patients with mean age of 28...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Kabeerdoss Jayakanthan, And Nikhil Gupta, John Mathew, Raheesh Ravindran, Gowri Mahasampth, Debashish Danda
Objective: Anti-C1q antibodies (Anti-C1q Ab) are seen in hypocomplementemic urticarial vasculitis syndrome (HUVS), infection-associated vasculitis such as hepatitis C virus-related vasculitis and in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid vasculitis, polyarteritis nodosa, giant cell arteritis, vascular Behcet's disease, and cryoglobulin associated vasculitis. Aim of this study is to evaluate the presence of Anti-C1q Ab in vasculitis and to determine if any difference exists between primary and secondary vasculitis in relation to this antibody...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Zafar Rasheed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Vidhya Kalanjiam, G V Murali Gopika Manoharan
Crouzon syndrome is the most common syndrome among the craniosynostosis group. Crouzon syndrome accounts for about 4.8% of all of them. It commonly has autosomal dominant inheritance with complete penetrance and variable expressivity from subtle to severe forms and characterized by craniosynostosis, exophthalmos, and hypoplastic maxilla with relative mandibular prognathism. Mutation of the fibroblast growth factor receptor-2 gene is responsible for the occurrence of this rare genetic disorder. Our paper reports the diagnosis of this rare syndrome in a young female patient based on clinical and radiographical features...
September 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Ravinder Kumar, Abhishek Bhargava, Gagan Jaiswal
Total pancreatic lipomatosis (PL) is an unusual entity of pathologic significance and speculative origin. It refers to complete replacement of pancreatic parenchyma by fat cells. Fat replacement may vary from mild fatty infiltration to massive replacement of the pancreas by adipose tissue, resulting in malabsorption syndrome due to pancreatic insufficiency. We present a case of a 60-year-old elderly woman with atypical abdominal complaints, diabetes mellitus, weight loss, and steatorrhea. Abdominal computed tomograms were diagnostic of PL...
September 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Mustafa Naseem, Muhammad Faheem Khiyani, Hiba Nauman, Muhammad Sohail Zafar, Altaf H Shah, Hesham S Khalil
Dental diseases have detrimental effects on the functionality and quality of life of individuals. In addition, a strong relationship has been established between various oral and systemic diseases. In fact, the prevention and treatment of dental caries and periodontal disease have been shown to reduce the risk of diabetes and heart disease significantly. This goes beyond the role of oral health as a means to identify early manifestations of systemic diseases in the oral cavity. It highlights the necessity of maintaining an optimal oral hygiene to significantly modify the risk factors for serious systemic diseases...
September 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Florence Femi Odekunle, Raphael Oluseun Odekunle, Srinivasan Shankar
Poor health information system has been identified as a major challenge in the health-care system in many developing countries including sub-Saharan African countries. Electronic health record (EHR) has been shown as an important tool to improve access to patient information with attendance improved quality of care. However, EHR has not been widely implemented/adopted in sub-Saharan Africa. This study sought to identify factors that affect the adoption of an EHR in sub-Saharan Africa and strategies to improve its adoption in this region...
September 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
Yihong Fang, Elias Mpofu, James Athanasou
BACKGROUND: About 30% of stroke survivors clinically have depressive symptoms at some point following stroke and anxiety prevalence is around 20-25%. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this brief report is to evaluate a pilot trial of a constructive integrative psychosocial intervention (CIPI) over standard care in post-stroke depression or anxiety. METHODS: Patients were randomly assigned to either CIPI (n = 23) or standard care (n = 19). Patients were assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale at the 1(st), 3(rd), and 6(th) months to monitor changes of mood...
September 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
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