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International Journal of Health Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833525/green-tea-bioactive-polyphenol-epigallocatechin-3-o-gallate-in-osteoarthritis-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#1
EDITORIAL
Zafar Rasheed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833524/idiopathic-spinal-cord-herniation-a-case-report
#2
Abdullah Alkhamees, Francois Proust
Idiopathic spinal cord herniation (ISCH) is a rare cause of progressive spinal myelopathy, which frequently presents as Brown-Sequard syndrome. A 50 year old woman consulted for difficulty in walking. On examination, the patient reported sensory deficit of temperature on the left side, associated with diminished anal sensitivity. Nine months before consultation, a walking disorder began disturbing the activities of everyday life. A single case report with surgical treatment outcome. Idiopathic spinal cord herniation is a potentially treatable condition, which should be diagnosed early and treated...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833523/role-of-cytogenetic-biomarkers-in-management-of-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Zeba Khan, Manoj Pandey, Ravindra M Samartha
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is much more common than people recognize, and habitually goes undetected and undiagnosed until the disease is well advanced or when their kidney functions is down to 25% of normal function. Genetic and non-genetic factors contribute to cause CKD. Non-genetic factors include hypertension, High level of DNA damage due to the production of reactive oxygen species and nucleic acid oxidation has been reported in CKD patients. Main genetic factor which causes CKD is diabetic nephropathy...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833522/histamine-h3-receptors-and-its-antagonism-as-a-novel-mechanism-for-antipsychotic-effect-a-current-preclinical-clinical-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Danish Mahmood
Histamine H3 receptors are present as autoreceptors on histaminergic neurons and as heteroreceptors on nonhistaminergic neurones. They control the release and synthesis of histamine and several other key neurotransmitters in the brain. H3 antagonism may be a novel approach to develop a new class of antipsychotic medications given the gathering evidence reporting therapeutic efficacy in several central nervous system disorders. Several medications such as cariprazine, lurasidone, LY214002, bexarotene, rasagiline, raloxifene, BL-1020 and ITI-070 are being developed to treat the negative symptoms and cognitive impairments of schizophrenia...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833521/treatment-responsive-holmes-tremor-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Mohammed Alqwaifly
Holmes tremor is a rare symptomatic movement disorder, characterized by a combination of resting, postural, and action tremors. It is usually caused by lesions involving the brainstem, thalamus, and cerebellum. It is often difficult to treat, many medications have been used with varying degrees of success. It may respond to stereotactic thalamotomy and deep brain stimulation in ventralis intermedius nucleus. Here I report a case of Holmes tremor secondary to multiple sclerosis that treated with L-dopa/carpidopa and showed marked improvement...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833520/assessment-of-dietary-behavior-of-high-school-students-of-an-urban-setting-in-pakistan
#6
Jamil Ahmed, Shafiq Ur Rehman, Faisal Mughal
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to energy dense foods increases the risk of obesity and non communicable disease in adult life. We conducted this study to assess the dietary behavior among class six to ten school students of government and private schools in Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a sub district of Hyderabad, Pakistan using a questionnaire to measure food frequency by interviewing them through a recall method. A total of 504 male and female students of 6-10 grades were selected by simple random sampling method...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833519/monocytopenia-induction-by-vinorelbine-cisplatin-and-doxorubicin-in-breast-non-small-cell-lung-and-cervix-cancer-patients
#7
Taha Nazir, Nida Taha, Azahrul Islam, Suraj Abraham, Adeel Mahmood, Mazhar Mustafa
BACKGROUND: The neoplasm is still a potential threat for breast, Non-Small Cell Lung (NSCL) and cervix cancer patients. Those gradually invade into other body organs, inducing complex pathological complications. Whereas, the anticancer drugs suppress the bone marrow, resulting serious hematological toxicities. Thus, the monocytic toxicity may the chance of infections, particularly in AID's patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed this retrospective study to investigate the monocytopenia induced by vinorelbine following chemotherapy in cancer patients...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833518/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-subgingival-bacteria-in-predicting-preterm-birth-a-pilot-cohort-study
#8
Khalid S Hassan, Maha M El Tantawi, Adel S Alagl, Amani M Alnimr, Yasmeen A Haseeb
OBJECTIVE: Preterm birth (PTB) increases the risk of adverse outcomes for new born infants. Subgingival bacteria are implicated in causing PTB. The aim of the present study was to assess the accuracy of some subgingival gram positive and gram negative bacteria detected by routine lab procedures in predicting PTB. METHODOLOGY: Pregnant Saudi women (n= 170) visiting King Fahad hospital, Dammam, Saudi Arabia, were included in a pilot cohort study. Plaque was collected in the 2(nd) trimester and screened for subgingival anaerobes using Vitek2...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833517/clinical-utility-of-esophageal-manometry-in-the-patients-with-dysphagia-experience-from-sudan
#9
Amin M Abbas, Sami Medani, Tajeldin M Abdallah, Gasim I Gasim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical utility of esophageal manometry among Sudanese patients presenting to the National Centre for Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases, Ibn Sina Hospital, Khartoum, Sudan. METHODOLOGY: Consecutive patients referred for esophageal manometry at the aforementioned center from July 2008 through January 2011 were included in the study. Manometric studies were done after stopping medicines with a known effect on esophageal motility and an overnight fast...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833516/utility-of-laboratory-diagnosis-for-confirmation-of-the-syndromic-case-management-in-married-indian-women-with-vaginal-discharge
#10
Prabhav Aggarwal, Sonali Bhattar, Satyendra Kumar Sahani, Preena Bhalla
OBJECTIVE: WHO and NACO recommend treatment of STIs/RTIs on the basis syndromic case management (SCM), even without laboratory confirmation, which may lead to over-treatment. Thus, this study was conducted to evaluate the utility of laboratory diagnosis for confirmation of patients with vaginal discharge diagnosed on the basis of SCM. METHODOLOGY: 234 married women in reproductive age group, diagnosed as having vaginal discharge syndrome were included. Normal saline wet-mount slide preparations were made for detection of motile trichomonads...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833515/relationship-of-cytokines-and-age-products-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-patients-with-cataract
#11
Sadaf Hamid, Anjuman Gul, Qamar Hamid
OBJECTIVES: Cytokines are important mediators of inflammatory and immune responses. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in cytokines concentration (IL-6, IL-8 and TNF-α) and serum advanced glycation end products (sAGEs) in senile diabetics with or without cataract and non-diabetic patients with cataract. METHODOLOGY: The study included 124 subjects (sixty or over sixty years age), distributed as four groups thirty senile diabetic patients with cataract (Group I) (16 female and 14 male), thirty senile non-diabetic patients with cataract (Group II) (15 female and 15 male), thirty three senile diabetic patients without any complication (Group III) (16 female and 17 male), thirty one apparently normal healthy individuals (Group IV) (16 female and 15 male), age, sex and weight matched with senile control subjects were investigated...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833514/haematological-and-biochemical-effects-of-etonogestrel-subdermal-implant-implanon-in-ilorin-nigeria
#12
Olayinka R Balogun, Abiodun S Adeniran, Adebayo A Adewole
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of etonogestrel subdermal implant (Implanon) on haematological and biochemical parameters of its users. METHODOLOGY: A prospective observational study among healthy women using Implanon for contraception. The study site was the family planning clinic of the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria. Informed consent was obtained and participants were followed up for three years. Follow up parameters were haematological and biochemical evaluation at insertion (baseline), first and third years post-insertion...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833513/plasma-and-urinary-type-iv-collagen-levels-for-early-detection-of-nephropathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#13
K Balu Mahendran, M Vijaya Bhaskar, K Santha, R Inmozhi, K K Perumal
BACKGROUND: Diabetic nephropathy is a major complication with high morbidity and mortality, and leads to end stage renal disease (ESRD). Type IV collagen is the main component of the glomerular basement membrane (GBM) and the extracellular matrix. The thickening of the GBM is due to accumulation of type IV collagen and alterations in its structure and composition. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of plasma and urine type IV collagen with albuminuria status and to determine the clinical implications of type IV collagen as a marker in the early stage of diabetic nephropathy...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833512/impact-of-sociodemographic-attributes-and-dental-caries-on-quality-of-life-of-intellectual-disabled-children-using-ecohis
#14
Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Anmol Mathur, C L Dileep, Manu Batra, Diljot Kaur Makkar
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of oral health outcomes on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among intellectual disabled children and their families. METHODOLOGY: OHRQoL based study was conducted among 150 intellectual disabled children students in the North West part of the country, Rajasthan, India. Guardians were asked to complete questionnaire on socioeconomic status and the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) on their perception of the children's OHRQoL...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833511/patient-risk-factors-for-mechanical-wound-complications-and-postoperative-infections-after-elective-open-intestinal-resection
#15
Wei Chao Chang, Akiva Turner, Michael Imon, Anthony Dyda
BACKGROUND: Few studies focused on the construction of preoperative patient surgical risk profile using only patients' personal, social history, and comorbidity profiles. OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for mechanical wound complications and postoperative infections in patients' preoperative profiles. DESIGN: Quantitative retrospective cohort study using 2009-2011 Health Care Utilization Project (HCUP) Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) databases...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610070/zika-global-concern
#16
EDITORIAL
Zahid Naeem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610069/nephrotic-syndrome-is-a-rare-manifestation-of-iga-nephropathy
#17
Ahmad A Alshomar
Nephrotic syndrome is a rare presentation of IgA nephropathy. The degree of proteinuria in IgA nephropathy predicts poor prognosis. We herein report a teenager with IGA nephropathy, the nephrotic syndrome and segmental glomerular scars who after developing complications from high dose corticosteroid therapy was successfully treated with tacrolimus and low dose prednisone.
July 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610068/vitamin-d-and-extra-skeletal-health-causality-or-consequence
#18
REVIEW
Omar M Al Nozha
Vitamin D deficiency /insufficiency is widely recognized as a global health problem that is likely to be involved in pathogenesis or progression of many acute and chronic health disorders. Its relation to skeletal health has been clearly demonstrated and thoroughly examined. This review aims to highlight the continuous debate about the relation between vitamin D and extra-skeletal health and whether it is a causality or just an association. Overall, the available evidence does not meet the criteria for establishing cause-and-effect relationships because of the limitations of observational studies to corroborate the causality due to many potential confounders...
July 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610067/calcific-metamorphosis-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Shoaib Haider Siddiqui, Ahmed Nabil Mohamed
Dental trauma to the permanent dentition can lead to clinical complications and its management may considerably challenge a practitioner. The incidence of pulp canal obliteration following dental trauma has been reported to be approximately 4 - 24%. Attempting to locate canals following calcific metamorphosis and negotiating it to full working length may lead to iatrogenic errors such as fractured instrument and perforation. This review article describes the possible etiology of Calcific Metamorphosis, its clinical and radiographic features as well as its management...
July 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610066/nicotine-replacement-therapy-an-overview
#20
REVIEW
Umesh Wadgave, L Nagesh
Today tobacco use is the single greatest preventable cause of death in the world. Tobacco use is often incorrectly perceived to be solely a personal choice. This is contradicted by the fact that when fully aware of the health impact, most tobacco users want to quit but find it difficult to stop due to the addictiveness of nicotine. Henceforth, Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) came into existence which temporarily replaces much of the nicotine from tobacco to reduce motivation to consume tobacco and nicotine withdrawal symptoms, thus easing the transition from cigarette smoking to complete abstinence...
July 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
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