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International Journal of Health Sciences

Hussam A Alsulmi
Sickle cell anemia is one of the common inherited hemoglobinopathy disorders. It affects patient quality of life through different types of complications. Brain, lung, kidney, spleen, and bone marrow commonly affected; however, testicular infarction is rarely happened. This is a 29-year-old Saudi male who is known for sickle cell disease (SCD). He presented with left scrotal pain and swelling for 1 week which did not respond to antibiotic. Scrotal ultrasound showed swollen heterogeneous hypoechoic left testicle with no blood flow, suggesting testicular infarction...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Syed Bilal Tanvir, Syed Saad Bin Qasim, Ali Shariq, Shariq Najeeb, Altaf H Shah
Background: Neisseria gonorrhea is known to have developed a high level of resistance against different classes of antimicrobials. Patients with coagulation disorders where intramuscular injections are contraindicated, oral cefixime in combination therapy can be utilized as an alternative regimen. Cefixime in combination with another macrolide might be considered as an alternative treatment option. The aim of this systematic review is to assess the efficacy of 400 mg cefixime against a range of comparator drugs...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Dhafer S Alasmari
Pigmentation of gingiva not just has an impact on esthetics but also creates psychological negativity. Although a wide array of depigmentation techniques are available to manage this condition, there is a scarcity of literature that guides clinicians to choose the most appropriate technique. Hence, the aim of this review is to evaluate the available depigmentation therapeutic modalities with an emphasis on their merits and demerits. The databases of MEDLINE and Cochrane databases of systematic reviews were searched to collect relevant scientific literature...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Khaled K Aldossari
Type 2 diabetes is a debilitating disease that impacts the life expectancy, quality of life, and health of an individual. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a common diabetes-associated complication and a principal cause for death in diabetic patients. This review aims to investigate and summarize the effect of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) medications on CVD issues. A comprehensive literature review mainly from level 1 evidence was performed. Thirty-seven articles were extracted from Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, ProQuest, and PubMed Database using a combination of keywords...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Ahmed Rahoma, Emad AlShwaimi, Abdul Majeed
Objective: The objective of this study was to measure the push-out bond strength of three types of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) materials in root dentin. Methods: The study was carried out at the College of Dentistry, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University from March 2014 to January 2015. Thirty extracted maxillary central incisors were selected, instrumented, irrigated, and randomly assigned into three groups ( n = 10): Group 1 - Ortho MTA; Group 2 - MTA Angelus; and Group 3 - ProRoot MTA...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Bander S Alrashedan, Ayman H Jawadi, Samir Omar Alsayegh, Ibrahim F Alshugair, Mohammed Alblaihi, Tariq A Jawadi, Anas Ahmed Hassan, Abdulrahman Mohammed Alnasser, Nawaf Bakhit Aldosari, Mishary Abdulaziz Aldakhail
Objectives: Pediatric diaphyseal forearm fractures are common injuries of childhood. Conservative modality of treatments is usually preferred when they are possible. We identified factors that may affect closed reduction success or lead to redisplacement in forearm diaphyseal fractures in children. Methods: This was a retrospective study from a level I trauma center on patients up to 18 years of age who presented with forearm diaphyseal fractures from January 1, 2007, to December 31, 2015...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Sweta V Gauns, Peeyoosha V Gurudut
Objective: Mechanical neck pain (NP) with referred pain to upper limb is a common problem and often leads to functional impairment of common activities of daily living. The present study is undertaken to study and compare the effect of gross myofascial release (MFR) of upper limb and neck alone with conventional physiotherapy against only conventional treatment in subjects with mechanical NP referred to upper limb in terms of cervical endurance, pain, range of motion, and function. Methods: Design: This was a experimental study; a total of 40 subjects clinically diagnosed with mechanical NP along with referred pain between the age group of 20 and 50 years...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Kouichirou Shin, Hiroyuki Wakabayashi, Chihiro Sugita, Hiroki Yoshida, Keizo Sato, Tohru Sonoda, Koji Yamauchi, Fumiaki Abe, Masahiko Kurokawa
Objectives: Lactoferrin (LF) and lactoperoxidase (LPO) are present in human saliva. LF has been demonstrated to show antibacterial and antiviral activities. In saliva, LPO catalyzes the hydrogen peroxide-dependent oxidation of thiocyanate to hypothiocyanite that exhibits antimicrobial and antiviral properties. A randomized, open-label, parallel-group clinical trial was conducted to examine the effectiveness of sucking tablets containing LF and LPO (LF+LPO) in alleviating symptoms of the common cold and/or influenza infection...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Ahmed A Alfares
Objective: Interpreting whole-exome sequencing (WES) data are challenging, requiring extensive time, and effort to review all the variants in the variant call format. Here, we examined the application of custom filters to narrow the number of candidate variants in a consanguineous population that requires further analysis. Methods: In 100 cases undergoing WES, we applied a custom filtration process to look primarily for homozygous variants in autosomal recessive (AR) disorders, and second for variants in either autosomal dominant or x-linked disorders...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Ibrahim Amer Ibrahim, Hua-Nong Ting, Mahmoud Moghavvemi
Objectives: The hearing process in the brain is very complicated and hard to solve. However, an understanding of the hearing process is an essential issue and needed in many rehabilitation or treatment applications. This study investigates and compares the effects of simple and complex sounds on latency and amplitude of various event-related potential (ERP) components to male ethnic Malay adults. Comparisons were made with previous studies. Materials and Methods: Simple and complex sounds were used (pure tones and the naturally produced Malay consonant-vowels [CVs]) to evoke the cortical auditory-evoked potential (CAEP) signals...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Sultan Alzuhairy, Faten Saleh Alalola, Hajar Abdullah AlAkeel, Doaa Mohammed Alayed, Ibtehal Mohammed Al-Harbi, Maha Mohammed Al-Shetwi, Monira Abdullah Al-Nasser, Haya AlJurayfani, Ahmed Mousa
Objective: In view of the paucity of community-based data about glaucoma in Saudi Arabia, better planning to address visual disabilities due to glaucoma is a challenge. Providing hospital-based data from semi-urban places will complement the picture based on information of tertiary eye hospitals of capital. Methods: This is one-armed cohort study. All patients attending glaucoma subspecialty unit at our university hospital during 2014-2015 were evaluated for their demographic details, ocular status at presentation, management modalities, and follow-up status of treated eyes...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
May Khalil Ismail, M Y Samera, S K Abid
Objectives: The aim of the study was to compare the levels of oxidative stress biomarkers and antioxidants in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with healthy individuals and to investigate the effectiveness of these parameters as risk or illness indicators. Methodology: This study was conducted on AMI patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit of Al-Salam Hospital and Ibn-Sina Hospital in Mosul, Iraq. Considering inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 161 patients and 156 healthy individuals in the age group of 30-80 years were selected for the study...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Sajid Razzaq, Muhammad Sajid Mehmood, Tufail Hussain Tahir, Tariq Masood, Salma Ghaffar
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the safety of the Plastibell device (PD) circumcision in neonates, infants, and older children. Patients and Methods: A prospective, descriptive study was conducted in private clinics of district Poonch and district Sudhanuti Azad Kashmir, Pakistan, during the period from November 2014 to August 2017. Research was conducted in light of guidelines set by Helsinki declaration. Healthy male babies free of any clinical signs of illness and congenital anomaly were included in the study...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Mohamed Saad Mahrous
Objective: Self-medication can be defined as the practice of using drugs that have not been prescribed, recommended, or controlled by a certified health-care professional. This term can be used when discussing patients who use non-prescription medications to treat self-diagnosed disorders or symptoms, without consulting a medical practitioner and without any medical supervision. The objectives of this study are to identify patterns of self-medication in Saudi Arabia, to measure the association between gender and the use of non-prescribed medication, and to identify the type of medications involved, the dosages used, and patient's sources of knowledge regarding the types, and doses of medications...
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Farid Midhet Mahmood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Mohammed Alorini, Gilard Vianney, Marguet Florent, Langlois Olivier, Laquerrière Annie
Epidermoid cysts are slowly growing pseudotumors usually measuring <2 cm in diameter. Large epidermoid cysts invading bones have been rarely reported in the literature. They may be a source of diagnostic difficulties before pathological analyses, and radiological examinations are essential to determine the extension of the cyst and to guide the surgical technique. We report, herein, on a patient having an unusually large epidermoid cyst located in the left occipital area invading the occipital bone.
July 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Shahd M Hafiz, Eman S Bablghaith, Amal J Alsaedi, Mohammad H Shaheen
Giant-cell tumor of soft tissue (GCT-ST) is a rare neoplasm that was first described in 1972. Due to its histological and immune-histochemical similarities with GCT of bones, GCT-ST is thought to be its counterpart. This review article aims to recognize the characteristics of this rare tumor along with a favorable way to diagnose and treat. We reviewed 12 cases of GCT-ST in the head and neck. This tumor involves both sexes at any age. Histopathology in many cases revealed the presence of mononuclear cells and spindle cells...
July 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Abdulkareem M Albekairy, Wesam S Abdel-Razaq, Abdulmalik M Alkatheri, Tariq M Al Debasi, Nouf E Al Otaibi, Amjad M Qandil
The use of immunosuppressants to reduce the likelihood of acute graft rejections is a cornerstone in the post-transplantation management of recipients. However, these agents were always associated with increased risk of deleterious effects such as infections vulnerability and comorbidities. The objective of this review is to discuss the impact of different immunosuppression strategies used in liver transplant recipients (LTRs) on the recurrence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections after transplantation. Traditionally, corticosteroids were a mainstay in immunosuppressive regimens in LTRs...
July 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Mohammad F Alharbi
National health account (NHA) is considered as an effective tool to support policymakers in capturing financial flows within the health system and providing information required to develop effective health policies. Global experiences on NHAs have demonstrated a significant impact on health policy development for better health care. Many countries in the Arab region have already made efforts to institutionalize the NHA in their health systems. Based on extensive review of different reports, documents, and empirical studies in the field of NHA, the paper gives the concept and evolution of NHA and discusses the Saudi health system perspectives and the way forward for institutionalizing a NHA system...
July 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Ahmad Alharafsheh, Mohamed Alsheikh, Sheraz Ali, Amani A Baraiki, Ghadah Alharbi, Tahani Alhabshi, Amina Aboutaleb
Objective: Little is known about the pattern of antibiotics' prescribing for hospitalized adult patients in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This study explored the prescribing practices of antibiotics in a large tertiary care setting serving diverse population. Methods: This retrospective cross-sectional study included 1.666 antibiotic prescriptions prescribed over a period of 3 months (January 2016-March 2016) in an adult inpatient department of King Saud Medical City (KSMC)...
July 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
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