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International Journal of Health Sciences

Mojtaba Ameli, Naser Yousefzade, Saeed Farhadiniaki, Leila Gholamimahtaj
It is commonly accepted to consider retroperitoneal germ cell tumors as the metastasis of a viable or burned-out testicular tumor. In such cases, orchiectomy should be performed since the burned-out site in the testis could continue to harbor malignancy despite systemic chemotherapy. A 45-year-old male presented as an outpatient with complaints of back pain. He was diagnosed with a retroperitoneal mass and a palpable testis mass. He underwent radical orchiectomy. Pathological study revealed a burned-out tumor...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
H Younus
Superoxide dismutases (SODs) constitute a very important antioxidant defense against oxidative stress in the body. The enzyme acts as a good therapeutic agent against reactive oxygen species-mediated diseases. The present review describes the therapeutic effects of SOD in various physiological and pathological conditions such as cancer, inflammatory diseases, cystic fibrosis, ischemia, aging, rheumatoid arthritis, neurodegenerative diseases, and diabetes. However, the enzyme has certain limitations in clinical applications...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Mohammad F Alharbi
Change management studies have emphasized the significance of an organization's readiness for change and transformation and have recommended strategies to affect change. Organizational readiness for change is a multi-faceted, multi-level, and multi-dimensional activity; its most important aspect is organizational members' willingness to accept and implement change because ignoring the human factors may result in resistance and failure. Through its National Transformation Program 2020, the Saudi Arabian government is attempting to effect radical changes in the structure and function of its health-care system to achieve quality care and effective service delivery...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Jehan Al Humaid
Sweetened oral medications are widely used for children to facilitate compliance. A variety of natural and artificial sweeteners are used in these drug formulations to augment the sweetness and thereby palatability of the product. There is growing concern among dentists about the increased consumption of sugars in these medications by children, especially those who are chronically ill as it may contribute to diabetes mellitus, dental erosion, and dental caries. This literature review provides information about the sweetener content and cariogenic potential of commonly prescribed pediatric oral medications that are used for managing acute and chronic conditions in children and measures for oral health prevention...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Md Razwan Hasan Khan Chowdhury, Mohammad Rocky Khan Chowdhury, Russell Kabir, Nirmala K P Perera, Manzur Kader
Objectives: Anecdotal reports from Bangladesh indicated that some young adults were becoming addicted to online pornography similar to how others become addicted to gambling, drugs, and alcohol. Such behaviors can have social, academic, and behavioral implications in this population. This study investigated the association between consumption of online pornography and sociobehavioral patterns among students from a private university in Bangladesh. Methods: In total, 299 undergraduate students (70...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Majed Sulaiman Alamri, Joseph U Almazan
Objective: There is a growing demand for health-care nursing services in several health care institutions. Understanding barriers to physical assessment among nursing students create a more detailed assessment in the development of quality patient's care in nursing practice. This study examined the barriers to physical assessment skills among nursing students in a government university in Arab Peninsula. Methods: A cross-sectional research survey design of 206 nursing students using a standardized questionnaire was used...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Basma Salameh
Background: Most patients who have been hospitalized at some point in time must have experienced a measure of pain despite improvements in health-care systems. Globally, there is a dearth in information with regard to pain management. Pain management is an essential process for nurses because they spend most time of the day with the patients. Therefore, nurses' level of knowledge and positive attitudes toward pain management reflect this vital and significant role played by nurses in critical care units...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Wisam Jasim Mohammed, Bassam Musa Sadik Al-Musawi, Christian Oberkanins, Helene Pühringer
Objective: The underlying molecular basis of ischemic heart diseases (IHDs) has not yet been studied among Iraqi people. This study determined the frequency and types of some cardiovascular genetic risk factors among Iraqi patients with IHDs. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study recruiting 56 patients with acute IHD during a 2-month period excluding patients >50 years and patients with documented hyperlipidemia. Their ages ranged between 18 and 50 years; males were 54 and females were only 2...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Muhammad Rashid Ahmed, Masood Ahmed Shaikh, Syed Hafiz Imran Ul Haq, Shakila Nazir
Objective: Selective degeneration of dopaminergic neurons is the pathological hallmark of Parkinson disease (PD). Enhanced oxidative stress, lipid peroxidation and susceptibility of dopaminergic neurons to apoptotic cellular death are the leading pathogenetic mechanisms. Chrysin is an active flavonoid. Its neuroprotective effects have been reported. This study examined the neuroprotective effects of chrysin in ameliorating the dopaminergic neuronal degeneration and motor behavioral changes in rotenone model of PD...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Hani A Al-Shobaili, Jalees Farhan, Uzma Zafar, Zafar Rasheed
Objective: Inflammation and its associated cell signaling events have been well documented in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. However, the potential for interleukin (IL)-32 and its associated signaling to provoke an inflammatory response or to contribute in the pathogenesis of psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis are still in early phase. This study determined the role of IL-32 and nuclear transcription factor (NF)-κB in patients with plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis. Methods: Levels of IL-32 were determined in the plasma samples of patients with plaque psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, and normal healthy subjects by human IL-32-specific Sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Abdulhakeem Al-Mutairi, Saleh Al-Dhahri, Tamer Mesallam, Mohamed Farhat, Tahera Islam, Nassr Al-Maflehi, Khalid Al-Qahtani
Objective: To study the effect of thyroidectomy with totally preserved recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) on the objective vocal functions. Methodology: It is a prospective pilot study of 10 patients undergoing thyroid surgery on whom to study the effect of thyroidectomy with totally preserved RLN on the objective vocal functions. Patient history and demographic data were collected at the time of admission and in each period of assessment average fundamental frequency; absolute jitter, shimmer, and others were measured...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Homaidan T Al-Homaidan, Issam E Barrimah
Objective: Physicians' knowledge of antibiotics, their attitudes, expectations, and practices regarding antibiotic prescription is fundamental for controlling the irrational antibiotic use. This study evaluates primary health care (PHC) physicians' knowledge, expectation, and practices regarding antibiotics use in upper respiratory tract infections. Methods: A cross-sectional study conducted in the Qassim region where 32 PHC centers were selected randomly. A total of 294 PHC physicians were surveyed...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Reem Al Marshad, Razan Al Khatib, Hanine Amer, Munirah Al Shammari, Aysha Al Otaibi, Fahad Al Otaibi, Nadiah Behbehani, Anwaar Al Sayed, Norah Al Hoty, Zuheir Hassan, Amer Kamal
Objective: To investigate the deterioration of the brain functions by diabetes mellitus (DM) and the beneficial effect of caffeine. Materials and Methods: First, the component of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDA) of the field excitatory postsynaptic potential (fEPSP) were recorded in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced DM and compared with control animals. Later, 40 mice were divided randomly into five groups (8 mice in each): (1) Normal control (Cont), (2) diabetic group (DM), (3) animals pretreated with i...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Raju K Mandal, Mohammad Raish, Arshad Jawed, Mohd Wahid, Sajad A Dar, Mohtashim Lohani, Md Ekhlaque Ahmed Khan, Mohammed Y Areeshi, Naseem Akhter, Saif Khan, Shafiul Haque
Objectives: The role of caveolin-1 (CAV1)(G>A, rs3807987) polymorphism is still dubious in cancer causation in Taiwanese population. The present study is an effort to assess the above relation for precise conclusion. Methods: EMBASE and PubMed (MEDLINE) databases were explored for the pertinent case-control studies reporting the connection of CAV1 G14713A polymorphism to the vulnerability to cancer. A cumulative analysis using meta-analytic approach was accomplished and pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were estimated for all the polymorphs...
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Juliann Saquib
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Agrawal Vineet, Kapoor Sonali, Bhesania Dhwani
The endodontic treatment of a mandibular molar with aberrant canal configuration can be diagnostically and clinically challenging. This case report presents the treatment of a mandibular first molar with seven root canals, of which four canals were located in the mesial root and three in distal root. This case presents a rare anatomic configuration and points to the importance of expecting and searching for additional canals.
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Amer Abdulrahman Almaiman
Testosterone boosters are supplementary substances that can be used for the purpose of increasing testosterone levels in the blood. This study aimed to evaluate the side effects and health risks of testosterone boosters among athletes. A sportsman came to the King Saud Hospital, Unaizah, Qassim, Saudi Arabia, suffering from abdominal pain. The attending doctor requested general laboratory tests. He admitted to having consumed two courses of a testosterone booster over a period of 42 days following the instructions of the manufacturer...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Mohammed Saqr
The number of publications in the field of medical education is still markedly low, despite recognition of the value of the discipline in the medical education literature, and exponential growth of publications in other fields. This necessitates raising awareness of the research methods and potential benefits of learning analytics (LA). The aim of this paper was to offer a methodological systemic review of empirical LA research in the field of medical education and a general overview of the common methods used in the field in general...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Mohammed Saleh Al-Dhubaibi, Ahmad Abdulsalam Settin
Alitretinoin is a new oral retinoid authorized for use in grownups that have severe chronic hand eczema (CHE). A comprehensive search to solicit all studies of alitretinoin for the treatment of CHE. A comprehensive search to solicit all studies of alitretinoin for the treatment of CHE including randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or uncontrolled trials, re-treatment studies, open-label studies, or observational studies, along with case series of 10 or more participants. Physician global assessment (PGA), patient global assessment (PaGA) and modified total lesion symptom score (mTLSS) are the methods and outcomes criteria...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
Sharique A Ali, Naima Parveen, Ayesha S Ali
Nutrition and other bioactive natural products present in specific foods within a balanced diet play an indispensable role in maintaining and promoting human health. Plants are rich sources of a balanced nutrition because of high content of bioactive products; hence, most of them recently have acquired the status of superfoods. It has been used since ancient times for the treatment of various ailments, and these traditional medicines still remain as one of the most affordable and easily accessible sources of treatment in the primary health-care system...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
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