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Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science

Hyun-Joo Kim, Gil Sun Cha, Hyung-Joon Kim, Eun-Young Kwon, Ju-Youn Lee, Jeomil Choi, Ji-Young Joo
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of Porphyromonas gingivalis ( P. gingivalis ) to induce oxidation of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and to determine whether the oxidized HDL induced by P. gingivalis exhibited altered antiatherogenic function or became proatherogenic. Methods: P. gingivalis and THP-1 monocytes were cultured, and the extent of HDL oxidation induced by P. gingivalis was evaluated by a thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) assay...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Yan Xu, Tshepiso Selerio-Poely, Xingru Ye
Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and microbiological effects of the local use of egg yolk immunoglobulin against Porphyromonas gingivalis (anti- P.g. IgY) as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in the treatment of moderate to severe chronic periodontitis. Methods: This was a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial involving 60 systematically healthy patients with moderate to severe chronic periodontitis. Subjects (n=20/group) were randomly assigned to receive SRP combined with subgingival irrigation of anti- P...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Hyun-Soo Kim, Mingzhen Zheng, Do-Kyung Kim, Won-Pyo Lee, Sang-Joun Yu, Byung-Ock Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on the proliferation, differentiation, and matrix mineralization of MC3T3-E1 osteoblast-like cells in vitro. Methods: MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 were prepared. Cytotoxic effects and osteogenic differentiation were evaluated using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay, ALP staining, alizarin red S staining, and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for osteogenic differentiation markers such as ALP, collagen type I (Col-I), osteocalcin (OCN), vitamin D receptor (VDR), and glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Se-Ho Park, Sung-Hee Cho, Ji-Young Han
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the modified plaque score (MPS) for assessing the oral hygiene status of periodontitis patients. Methods: A total of 116 patients were included in this study. After evaluation of the Löe and Silness gingival index (GI), Silness and Löe plaque index (PlI), O'Leary plaque control record (PCR), and MPS, patients were randomly assigned to either a conventional tooth brushing instruction (C-TBI) group (n=56) or a professional intraoral tooth brushing instruction (P-TBI) group (n=60)...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Lívia Jacovassi Tavares, Marlise Inêz Klein, Beatriz Helena Dias Panariello, Erica Dorigatti de Avila, Ana Cláudia Pavarina
Purpose: The goal of this study was to develop and validate a standardized in vitro pathogenic biofilm attached onto saliva-coated surfaces. Methods: Fusobacterium nucleatum (F. nucleatum) and Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) strains were grown under anaerobic conditions as single species and in dual-species cultures. Initially, the bacterial biomass was evaluated at 24 and 48 hours to determine the optimal timing for the adhesion phase onto saliva-coated polystyrene surfaces...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Hee-Jung Park, Jun Hyup Lee, Sujin Park, Tae-Il Kim
Purpose: This study utilized a strong quasi-experimental design to test the hypothesis that the implementation of a policy to expand dental care services resulted in an increase in the usage of dental outpatient services. Methods: A total of 45,650,000 subjects with diagnoses of gingivitis or advanced periodontitis who received dental scaling were selected and examined, utilizing National Health Insurance claims data from July 2010 through November 2015. We performed a segmented regression analysis of the interrupted time-series to analyze the time-series trend in dental costs before and after the policy implementation, and assessed immediate changes in dental costs...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Tae-Il Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Joong-Hyun Kim, Seok-Yeong Ko, Justin Ho Lee, Deok-Ho Kim, Jeong-Ho Yun
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of patterned human periodontal ligament stem cell (hPDLSC) sheets fabricated using a thermoresponsive substratum. Methods: In this study, we fabricated patterned hPDLSC sheets using nanotopographical cues to modulate the alignment of the cell sheet. Results: The hPDLSCs showed rapid monolayer formation on various surface pattern widths. Compared to cell sheets grown on flat surfaces, there were no significant differences in cell attachment and growth on the nanopatterned substratum...
December 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Jung Heon Lee, Gyu Sung Yi, Jin Woong Lee, Deug Joong Kim
Purpose: The physicochemical properties of a xenograft are very important because they strongly influence the bone regeneration capabilities of the graft material. Even though porcine xenografts have many advantages, only a few porcine xenografts are commercially available, and most of their physicochemical characteristics have yet to be reported. Thus, in this work we aimed to investigate the physicochemical characteristics of a porcine bone grafting material and compare them with those of 2 commercially available bovine xenografts to assess the potential of xenogenic porcine bone graft materials for dental applications...
December 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Byungjin Sohn, Minkyoon Hwang, Sungtae Kim, Hyeong-Il Kim, Young Ku
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate volumetric and histologic changes in edentulous alveolar ridge areas after ridge preservation using basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (bFGF-2) in combination with collagenated biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP). Methods: The experiments were performed in 6 adult male beagle dogs. The following 3 groups were created: 1) ridge preservation with bFGF-2 and collagenated BCP (experimental group), 2) ridge preservation with collagenated BCP (positive control group), and 3) a negative control group in which no ridge preservation procedure was performed...
December 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Ho-Keun Choi, Hag-Yeon Cho, Sung-Jo Lee, In-Woo Cho, Hyun-Seung Shin, Ki-Tae Koo, Hyun-Chang Lim, Jung-Chul Park
Purpose: The aim of this prospective pilot study was to compare alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) procedures with open-healing approach using a single-layer and a double-layer coverage with collagen membranes using radiographic and clinical analyses. Methods: Eleven molars from 9 healthy patients requiring extraction of the maxillary or mandibular posterior teeth were included and allocated into 2 groups. After tooth extraction, deproteinized bovine bone mineral mixed with 10% collagen was grafted into the socket and covered either with a double-layer of resorbable non-cross-linked collagen membranes (DL group, n=6) or with a single-layer (SL group, n=5)...
December 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Sulhee Kim, Hyeyoon Chang, Jin Wook Hwang, Sungtae Kim, Ki-Tae Koo, Tae-Il Kim, Yang-Jo Seol, Yong-Moo Lee, Young Ku, Jong-Ho Lee, In-Chul Rhyu
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of regenerative therapy with a collagenated bone graft and resorbable membrane in intrabony defects, and to evaluate the effects of the novel extracellular matrix (ECM)-based membrane clinically and radiologically. Methods: Periodontal tissue regeneration procedure was performed using an ECM-based resorbable membrane in combination with a collagenated bovine bone graft in intrabony defects around the teeth and implants...
December 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Naoshi Takeuchi, Yoshinori Shirakata, Yukiya Shinohara, Kotaro Sena, Kazuyuki Noguchi
Purpose: Furcation involvement in the molars is difficult to treat, and has been recognized as a risk factor for tooth loss. Although periodontal regenerative therapies, including guided tissue regeneration and various types of bone grafts, have been applied to furcation defects, the effects of these treatments are limited, especially in large class III furcation defects. The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate the effect of reciprocal autologous root transplantation on periodontal wound healing and regeneration in class III furcation defects in dogs...
December 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Tae-Il Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Hyun Ju Kim, Bo Hyun Jung, Ki-Yeon Yoo, Jin-Woo Han, Heung-Sik Um, Beom-Seok Chang, Jae-Kwan Lee
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the critical diabetes duration in a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat calvarial defect model for experimentation regarding bone regeneration by evaluating the association between diabetes duration and bone healing capacity through histological and radiographic analyses. Methods: Experimental diabetes was induced in 50 of 60 rats by an STZ injection. The rats were divided into 5 groups, including a control group (group 1), according to diabetes durations of 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 weeks, respectively...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Shin-Young Park, Soyeon Ahn, Jung-Tae Lee, Pil-Young Yun, Yun Jong Lee, Joo Youn Lee, Yeong Wook Song, Yoon-Seok Chang, Hyo-Jung Lee
Purpose: A novel index, the periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA), represents the sum of the periodontal pocket depth of bleeding on probing (BOP)-positive sites. In the present study, we evaluated correlations between PISA and periodontal classifications, and examined PISA as an index integrating the discrete conventional periodontal indexes. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional subgroup analysis of data from a prospective cohort study investigating the association between chronic periodontitis and the clinical features of ankylosing spondylitis...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
EnFeng Gao, Wei-Hong Hei, Jong-Chul Park, KangMi Pang, Sun Kyung Kim, Bongju Kim, Soung-Min Kim, Jong-Ho Lee
Purpose: This study assessed marginal bone remodeling and soft tissue esthetics after the loading of single bone-level implants in the anterior maxilla. Methods: An open, single-arm observational clinical trial with 3 years of follow-up was performed, including 22 implants. The patients presented with a single tooth gap in the anterior maxilla (tooth positions 14-24), with natural or restored adjacent teeth. An implant was placed at least 8 weeks post-extraction and healed submerged for 6 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Hyun-Joo Kim, Gil Sun Cha, Ji-Young Joo, Juyoun Lee, Sung-Jo Kim, Jeongae Lee, So Youn Park, Jeomil Choi
Purpose: Beyond the limited scope of non-specific polyclonal regulatory T cell (Treg)-based immunotherapy, which depends largely on serendipity, the present study explored a target Treg subset appropriate for the delivery of a novel epitope spreader Pep19 antigen as part of a sophisticated form of immunotherapy with defined antigen specificity that induces immune tolerance. Methods: Human polyclonal CD4(+)CD25(+)CD127(lo-) Tregs (127-Tregs) and naïve CD4(+)CD25(+)CD45RA(+) Tregs (45RA-Tregs) were isolated and were stimulated with target peptide 19 (Pep19)-pulsed dendritic cells in a tolerogenic milieu followed by ex vivo expansion...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Eun-Cheol Kim, Jaesuh Park, Il Keun Kwon, Suk-Won Lee, Su-Jung Park, Su-Jin Ahn
Purpose: Although static magnetic fields (SMFs) have been used in dental prostheses and osseointegrated implants, their biological effects on osteoblastic and cementoblastic differentiation in cells involved in periodontal regeneration remain unknown. This study was undertaken to investigate the effects of SMFs (15 mT) on the osteoblastic and cementoblastic differentiation of human osteoblasts, periodontal ligament cells (PDLCs), and cementoblasts, and to explore the possible mechanisms underlying these effects...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Jae-Hong Lee, Jin-Young Oh, Jung-Kyu Choi, Yeon-Tae Kim, Ye-Sol Park, Seong-Nyum Jeong, Seong-Ho Choi
Purpose: This study evaluated trends in tooth extraction due to acute and chronic periodontal disease (PD) using data from the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort for 2002-2013. Methods: A random sample of 1,025,340 individuals was selected as a representative sample of the population, and a database (DB) of diagnostic and prescription codes was followed up for 12 years. We used multivariate logistic regression analysis to assess the incidence of total extraction (TE), extraction due to periodontal disease (EPD), and immediate extraction due to periodontal disease (IEPD) according to sociodemographic factors (sex, age, household income, health status, and area of residence)...
October 2017: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
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