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Achim Camelia, Zgura Anca, Voiculescu Mihai
Arterial hypertension (HT) plays an important role and is a major factor in the occurrence and progression of chronic graft nephropathy. We evaluated 24-hour blood pressure (BP) profile in kidney transplant patients to identify factors predictive of abnormal circadian BP profile. BP was measured over a period of 24 hours using a noninvasive automatic device (EC-3H / ABPM) in 40 renal transplant patients (mean age = 37.2±12.2 years, M = 30, mean serum creatinine = 2.0±1.4 mg/dl). They were under the triple immunosuppressive therapy (CsA / Ts + Aza / MMF + PDN)...
June 2016: Mædica
Tomi Anca, Stefan Irina
The eye manifestations of intrauterine infections are multiple, but chorioretinal scars and/or active chorioretinitis are the most frequently reported. When associated with other systemic manifestations of the infection, the diagnosis becomes more obvious, but when eye involvement is the only abnormality, etiology often remains uncertain. We are presenting the case of an 8-year-old female patient whose fundus lesions revealed an unusual choroidoretinopathy, associated with cataract in one eye. Her general examination and her medical history were unremarkable...
June 2016: Mædica
Sfrijan Doinita, Visan Simina-Maria, Diaconu Bianca, Zurac Sabina, Scurtu Cristian
Sweet's Syndrome also knows as acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, is a rare skin's condition, that can occur either idiopathic or secondary. In the case of the latter, the syndrome can develop after certain malignancies (paraneoplastic syndrome), because of exposure to some medication or post infectious. It is more frequent in women aged between 30 and 50 years, but concerning children, the disorder is extremely rare (8% of the total number of cases), having equal sex ratio distribution. We present the case of an 11 year old male, diagnosed with systemic form of SS associated with Myelodysplastic Syndrome...
June 2016: Mædica
Mohora Ramona, Stoicescu Silvia-Maria
Introduction: Neonatal diabetes is a rare and surprising diagnosis, with many complications and difficult management by the medical team. Objectives: Management of the diabetes mellitus new-born in our maternity. Matherial and methods:Analysis of one of the rare cases of diagnosed neonatal diabetes. Conclusions:Given the rarity of such cases, this event can guide the medical care team consisting of obstetricians, neonatologist and diabetes doctor to effective collaboration by protocol management of new-born with diabetes mellitus suspicion...
June 2016: Mædica
Trandafir Laura Mihaela, Burlacu Maricel, Tudose Alexandra Ana Maria, Nascu Ioana, Grigorescu-Sido Paula
The cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is an infrequent condition in pediatric practice, in which recurrent vomiting episodes are followed by asymptomatic periods. The authors report the case of an 8-year and 2-month old child who had been hospitalized on several occasions for persistent vomiting accompanied by nausea, and periumbilical and epigastric abdominal pain. The child's anamnesis and clinical examination determined the doctors to suspect aCVS, which was later confirmed due toruling out all of the differential diagnoses: infectious, drug-related or surgical causes...
June 2016: Mædica
Tiu Cristina, Terecoasa Elena, Grecu Nicolae, Nistor Raluca, Frangu Smaranda, Antochi Florina
Arterial dissections are among the most frequent causes of stroke in young adults. Usually they are associated with trauma, but as the modern imaging tools are evolving, more dissections are being diagnosed and more etiologies are being described. Vertebral artery dissections (VADs) have the distinct particularity that they can cause ischemic stroke (in the brainstem, cerebellum or even the spinal cord), but also subarachnoid hemorrhage, when the dissection occurs in the intracranial segment of the vertebral artery...
June 2016: Mædica
Teleanu Raluca Ioana, Vladacenco Oana, Teleanu Daniel Mihai, Epure Diana Anamaria
Migraine is a common, but often underdiagnosed complaint in children and the lack of studies regarding its treatment in this particularly population makes it harder to enlarge the choices of treatment. However, recent trials made it easier to utilize newer compounds that improve the outcome of the disease. We reviewed the treatment of pediatric migraine and divided therapeutic methods into two broad areas: treatment of the acute attack - used both in the emergency room and as home options and prophylactic agents...
June 2016: Mædica
Cojocaru Manole, Cojocaru Inimioara Mihaela, Chicos Bogdan
Antisynthetase syndrome (ASS) is a rare chronic autoimmune disorder (2-3 times more common in women than in men), associated with interstitial lung disease (the most important feature), dermatomyositis (DM), and polymyositis (PM). The cause of ASS is unknown. Recent developments in immunology have improved our knowledge and it is now possible to classify ASS according to the presence of myositis specific autoantibodies. The hallmark of ASS is the presence of serum autoantibodies directed against aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (anti-ARS involved in protein synthesis)...
June 2016: Mædica
Stoica Florina, Ladariu Corina, Koos Marie-Jeanne, Stanciu Alina, Olariu Gabriela, Andreescu Nicoleta, Puiu Maria
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the functional outcomes registered in patients from the Western part of Romania, who have been treated for retinopathy of prematurity, using a laser diode (810mn). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the current study 52 premature infants with gestational age<34 weeks and a birth weight <2000 grams, 96 eyes in total were included. The functional outcomes were assessed by determining the best corrected visual acuity and refractive error...
June 2016: Mædica
Georgescu Tiberiu Augustin, Cirstoiu Monica, Costache Mariana, Lazaroiu Anca, Dumitru Adrian, Sajin Maria
INTRODUCTION: Endometrial hyperplasia represents a diversified set of disorders which has challenged pathologists for decades. Due to its high likelihood of progression to carcinoma, endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN) demands prompt and specialized intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This 15-month (September 2014 - November 2015) retrospective analysis involved 258 cases of female patients with atypical and non-atypical endometrial hyperplasia investigated and treated at the University Emergency Hospital in Bucharest, Romania...
June 2016: Mædica
Balaban Vasile, Balaban Vasile, Popp Alina, Vasilescu Florina, Ene Adina, Jinga Mariana
BACKGROUND: Once considered a disease of childhood, celiac disease (CD) is now seen quite frequently in adults also, but with different and various clinical presentation. Little data is currently available about pediatric and adult CD features in Romanian patients. METHODS: 38 newly-diagnosed CD patients (17 adults and 21 children) were recruited for this study. The two groups (adult and pediatric) were compared regarding demographic, clinical, serologic and histological data...
June 2016: Mædica
Cretu Diana E, Japie Cristina, Weiss Emma, Bunea Magda, Frunza Sabina, Daraban Ana Maria, Bartos Daniela, Badila Elisabeta
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure variability (BPV) has recently been associated with adverse cardiovascular (CV) events, endothelial dysfunction as well as both CV and non-CV morbidity and mortality. Different BPV indicators have been associated with increased CV risk. METHODS: We included 744 hypertensive patients referred to our clinic for uncontrolled arterial hypertension (HTN) between 2012 and 2014, with a minimum of 40 successful daytime and 8 successful nighttime readings on automatic blood pressure monitoring (ABPM Meditech-05 device, recordings at 15-20 minutes intervals during daytime and 20-30 minutes intervals during nighttime)...
June 2016: Mædica
Cinteza Mircea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Mædica
Mandour Cherkaoui, El Mostarchid Brahim
Only a few publications regarding traumatic hematoma in spinal ligament have been reported compared to spontaneous spinal hematoma. This type of bleeding is classically associated with bone fracture and/or the presence of haemostasis abnormalities. However, in our case the patient presented with traumatic dorsal hematoma in spinal ligament without any associated disc or bone lesion, and no crasis problems. We report a case of a 50-year-old man, who was a victim of a car accident. Neurological examination revealed paraplegia and hypoesthesia below the T4 sensory dermatome...
March 2016: Mædica
Gurses Murat Serdar, Eren Filiz, Türkmen Inanir Nursel, Eren Bulent, Çetin Selcuk
Presented case was a 36-year-old deceased man with a sequel of poliomyelitis who was reportedly found death at home. On external examination at autopsy, deformity of the lower extremity secondary to polimyelitis, and an obliquely coursing scar tissue 5 cm in length at the same level with the costal arch on the right axillary line were seen. On internal examination at autopsy, diaphragmatic eventration caused by bilateral elevation of the diaphragm towards thoracic cavity was detected. On the left side, stomach, spleen, and small intestines, and on the right side liver were pushed into the thoracic cavity...
March 2016: Mædica
Dumitru Adrian, Costache Mariana, Lazaroiu Anca Mihaela, Simion George, Secara Diana, Cirstoiu Monica, Emanoil Alina, Georgescu Tiberiu Augustin, Sajin Maria
Fraser syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder characterized by major features such as cryptophthalmos, syndactyly, malformations of the larynx and genitourinary tract, craniofacial dysmorphism, orofacial clefting, mental retardation and musculoskeletal anomalies. In total, about 150 affected patients have been described in the literature. The diagnosis of this syndrome can be established after clinical examination. We present the clinical findings of a rare case of Fraser syndrome with lethal phenotype due to bilateral renal agenesis in a female stillborn...
March 2016: Mædica
Costea Radu Virgil, Mohsen Hasuna, Rusu Octavia Cristina, Chirca Alexandru, Neagu Stefan Ilie
Hydatid disease is caused by an infestation with the tapeworm Echinococcus. Each parasite can produce thousands of eggs with oncospheres that can migrate to the liver or lungs and rarely to other sites, including muscles. The aim of this case study is to describe a rare case of a patient with an atipical hydatid cyst location and to raise awareness of this condition. We present the case of a 28-year-old female patient admitted in our clinic with a lump in her right calf who underwent surgical excision, hydatid cyst being suspected due to the aspect of the thin cyst wall membrane, confirmed by hystopathological examination...
March 2016: Mædica
Ababneh Rami, Piso Pompiliu, Hofmann Hans-Stefan, Dumitrovici Anca, Buiga Rares, Samasca Gabriel, Burz Claudia
Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PP) is a rare disease characterized by the presence of mucinous ascites and low and progressive accumulation of peritoneal implants. We report the case of a 44-year-old man presented with ascites, imaging evaluations suggesting the diagnosis of gelatinous peritoneal carcinomatosis. The patient underwent laparoscopy with extensive cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intraoperative peritoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). Microscopic features confirmed the diagnosis of low-grade PP...
March 2016: Mædica
Ozturk Erkut, Ayyildiz Pelin, Yildiz Okan, Tanidirb Ibrahim Cansaran, Onan Selen, Gulzeltas Alper, Haydin Setac, Yeniterzi Mehmet
The utilization of mechanical life support due to respiratory insufficiency and serious cardiac pathologies have been increasing. Anticoagulation to prevent clot formation is mandatory and unfractioned heparin is the standard therapy in use. But rarely heparin induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) might develop as an immunologic side effect of heparin. Development of thrombosis as a result of HIT increases the morbidity and mortality. We present a neonate with HIT treated successfully with fondaparinux under extracorporeal life support...
March 2016: Mædica
Sfrijan Doinita, Tieranu Ioana, Necula Iulia, Popa Loredana, Balgradean Mihaela
BACKGROUND: There is enough literature data - case reports and case series - regarding the association between nephrotic syndrome (NS) and different neoplasia, but only a few of these data address the specific link between NS and Hodgkin lymphoma. It has been demonstrated that intrinsic renal lesions - glomerular injury - can be found as a complication in these malignancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This report presents the case of a 9 year-old child in whom the diagnosis of NS was established two months before the diagnosis of Hodgkin lymphoma...
March 2016: Mædica
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