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Oman Medical Journal

Mahmood Dhahir Al-Mendalawi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Buthaina Al-Musalhi, William Gerstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Medha Rajappa, Devinder Mohan Thappa, Laxmisha Chandrashekar, Malathi Munisamy, G Revathy
OBJECTIVES: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Chronic inflammation results in increased oxidative stress and oxidizes lipoproteins, increasing their atherogenicity. This study sought to estimate the levels of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) and antibodies against oxidized LDL (anti-ox-LDL) and compute the ratio of anti-ox-LDL/ox-LDL as a single composite parameter to assess the oxidative lipoprotein burden as an indicator of cardiovascular risk in patients with psoriasis...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Rashid Saif Al Umairi, Faiza Al Kindi, Fadhila Al Busaidi
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital coronary abnormality also known as Bland-White-Garland syndrome. The incidence of ALCAPA is about 1 in every 300,000 live births, and constitutes 0.24% and 0.46% of all congenital cardiac disease. It has a high infant mortality rate reaching up to 90% if left untreated. For many years, the diagnosis of ALCAPA was by angiography or autopsy. However, multislice computed tomography (MSCT) is a non-invasive imaging tool that allows accurate, non-invasive diagnosis of ALCAPA...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Jeyasakthy Saniasiaya, Irfan Mohamad
Patients with anterior neck masses commonly present to otorhinolaryngology clinics, but there are limited differential diagnoses for such lesions. Common ones include thyroid nodule and thyroglossal duct cyst. In an elderly patient, a differentiated thyroid carcinoma should be suspected especially if it moves with swallowing. We encountered a typical presentation of a solitary thyroid nodule-like mass with the exception of pulsation in a 65-year-old female. Further investigation, using neck ultrasonography, revealed that it was a variant of right common carotid artery arising from the left common carotid artery...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Bahaaeldin A Baraka, Suad S Al Kharusi, Bassim J Al Bahrani, Gunmala Bhathagar
Primary gastric chorioadenocarcinoma (PGC) is a rare and rapidly invasive tumor. Choriocarcinoma is usually known to be of endometrial origin and gestational; however, it has been reported in other extragenital organs, such as the gall bladder, prostate, lung, liver, and the gastrointestinal tract. Human chorionic gonadotropin related neoplasms of the stomach are seldom discussed in the literature. We report a case of PGC in a 56-year-old man treated with a standard non-gestational choriocarcinoma chemotherapy regimen, EMA/CO (etoposide, methotrexate, actinomycin D, cyclophosphamide, vincristine), with a complete response and good tolerability...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Ahmed Al-Harrasi, Mandhar Al Maqbali, Hamed Al-Sinawi
Suicide is a global phenomenon in all regions of the world affecting people of all age groups. It has detrimental consequences on patients, their families, and the community as a whole. There have been numerous risk factors described for suicide including mental illness, stressful life situations, loss of social support, and general despair. The association of suicide with Islam has not been extensively studied. The common impression from clinical practice is that being a practicing Muslim reduces the risk of suicide...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Havagiray R Chitme, Sumaiya Abdallah Said Al Shibli, Raya Mahmood Al-Shamiry
OBJECTIVES: We sought to conduct a detailed study on the risk factors of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Omani women to determine the actual and applicable risk factors and glucose profile in this population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional case-control study using pregnant women diagnosed with GDM. Pregnant women without GDM were used as a control group. We collected information related to age, family history, prior history of pregnancy complications, age of marriage, age of first pregnancy, fasting glucose level, and oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) results from three hospitals in Oman through face-to-face interviews and hospital records...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
S M Saiful Islam, Amir Fattah Abru, Saeed Al Obaidani, Saud Al Shabibi, Sami Al Farsi
OBJECTIVES: To study and to establish the overall trends of computed tomography (CT) use and associated outcomes in the pediatric emergency department (PED) at Royal Hospital, Oman, from 2010 to 2014. METHODS: The hospital electronic medical record was retrospectively searched to find children (from birth to 12 years old) who had visited the PED and the number of CT requests between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2014. The types of CT examinations ordered were analyzed according to anatomical location and were as follows; head, abdomen/pelvis, chest, cervical spine/neck, and others...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Marwan M Al-Sharbati, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Zena M Al-Sharbati, Fatima Al-Sulaimani, Allal Ouhtit, Samir Al-Adawi
OBJECTIVES: Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of mental and behavioral disorders in preschoolers is critical for a better prognosis, ultimately leading to improved quality of life for both the child and the family. Our study investigated the clinical profile of mental and behavioral disorders in children < 7 years of age, seeking consultation at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Muscat, Oman, between 1 June 2006 and 31 December 2010. The objective was to explore demographic variables, intervention types, and annual trends...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Humberto Guanche Garcell, Ariadna Villanueva Arias, Eliezer Alemán Fernandez, Yaquelín Batista Guerrero, Ramon N Alfonso Serrano
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the trend of antibiotic consumption in patients admitted to a community hospital in Qatar with an antimicrobial stewardship program. METHODS: This observational study was carried out in a 75-bed facility in Western Qatar over a 4-year period (2012-2015). The monitoring of antimicrobial consumption from inpatient wards was performed from the pharmacy records and presented as defined daily dose (DDD) divided by the patient days and expressed as 100 bed-days (DBD)...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Kamonpun Ussavarungsi, Augustine S Lee, Charles D Burger
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is commonly observed in patients with diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD). The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of the 6-minute walk test (6MWT) as a simple, non-invasive tool to assess right ventricular (RV) function in patients with DPLD and to identify the need for an echocardiogram (ECHO) to screen for PH. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 48 patients with PH secondary to DPLD, who were evaluated in the PH clinic at the Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida, from January 1999 to December 2014...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Khawla Al Musalhi, Manal Al Kindi, Faiza Al Aisary, Fatma Ramadhan, Thuraya Al Rawahi, Khalsa Al Hatali, Waad-Allah Mula-Abed
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the validity and compare the performance of cancer antigen-125 (CA-125), human epididymis protein 4 (HE4), the risk of malignancy index (RMI), and the risk of ovarian malignancy algorithm (ROMA) in the diagnosis of ovarian cancer in patients with ovarian lesions discovered during their preoperative work-up investigations. METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional study looked at patients who attended the gynecology department at the Royal Hospital, Muscat, from 1 March 2014 to 30 April 2015, for the evaluation of an ovarian lesion...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Abolfazl Khoshdel, Hajar Noormohammadi, Soleiman Kheiri, Roya Reisi, Seyed Mohammad-Kazem Nourbakhsh, Gholam Reza Panahandeh, Esfandiar Heidarian
OBJECTIVES: Perinatal asphyxia (PA) is very significant in perinatal medicine due to the involvement of the central nervous system. This study was conducted to investigate the biochemical, clinical, and paraclinical changes associated with phenobarbital administration in neonates with PA. METHODS: In this prospective, case-control study, 30 neonates with PA in two groups of 15 each (case and control) were investigated. The case group received 20 mg/kg intravenous phenobarbital within six hours of birth, and the control group did not receive phenobarbital...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Mohammad Muntasir Maruf, Muhammad Zillur Rahman Khan, Nasim Jahan
OBJECTIVES: Substance use disorders have become a major public health problem in Bangladesh. We sought to assess the pattern of substance use and related factors among hospitalized patients. METHODS: This was a descriptive study that included 105 patients. All patients who were admitted to a private drug de-addiction clinic in Dhaka, Bangladesh, between 1 July and 31 December 2013 and diagnosed with substance use disorder were enrolled in the study. Data was collected via face-to-face interviews using a semi-structured questionnaire and the information was complemented by the case-notes...
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Mohammed H Al-Azri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Irfan Mohamad, Sanjeevan Nadarajah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Amira Gano, Aziza Al Ghafri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Iftihar Koksal, Selcuk Kaya, Eda Gencalioglu, Gurdal Yilmaz
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the incidence of and risk factors for nephrotoxicity in patients using intravenous colistin. METHODS: This retrospective, observational study was conducted at Karadeniz Technical University, Faculty of Medicine, clinics and intensive care unit between 1 January 2009 and 1 January 2013. Intravenous colistin was administered to 133 patients at a dose of 2.5-5.0 mg/kg/day. RESULTS: The patients mean age was 54.3±19...
July 2016: Oman Medical Journal
Ali Abdullah Al-Maqbali, Amal Saif Suliman Al-Maani
A two-day-old male neonate was inadvertently immunized with 20-times the recommended dose of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine (1.0 ml instead of 0.05 ml). Examination of the neonate after one day revealed no signs of local reaction at the site of injection or systemic manifestation. However, nine days later, he developed a swelling (4 × 3 cm) at the site of injection without any enlargement of the lymph node, pallor, or jaundice. A needle aspiration of the swelling was done and sent for culture. The culture showed the BCG strain only...
July 2016: Oman Medical Journal
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