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Oman Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042410/non-ovarian-pelvic-cyst-not-specific-enough
#1
Maryam Al-Shukri, Wadha Al-Ghafri, Muna Al-Badi, Vaidyanathan Gowri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042409/a-woman-with-a-chain-of-nodules-lesion
#2
Nurjasmine Aida Jamani, Puteri Shanaz Jahn Kassim, Mohd Daud Che Yusof
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042408/an-unusual-cause-of-postabortal-fever-requiring-prompt-surgical-intervention-a-pyomyoma-and-its-imaging-features
#3
Rashmi Bagga, Rakhi Rai, Jasvinder Kalra, Pradip K Saha, Tulika Singh
Pyomyoma is an unusual complication of leiomyoma, occurring most commonly in the postpartum, postabortal, and post-menopausal periods. It develops due to infection in necrotic foci within leiomyoma, which is more common during pregnancy due to rapid growth, and in postmenopausal women due to vascular insufficiency. Other contributing factors are curettage, gynecological surgery, cervical stenosis, immunodeficiency, and recently, uterine artery embolization. It presents with a typical triad of sepsis, leiomyoma, and absence of any apparent source of infection...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042407/nodular-fasciitis-of-the-neck-causing-emergency-a-case-report
#4
Serkan Yaşar Çelik, Yelda Dere, Özgür İlhan Çelik, Serhan Derin, Murat Şahan, Özcan Dere
Nodular fasciitis is a benign, reactive, tumor-like lesion composed of fibroblasts and myofibroblasts. It typically occurs in the extremities and the trunk. Head and neck localization is 13-20%. As it grows rapidly, clinicians frequently misdiagnose it as an aggressive or a malignant lesion. Some lesions show moderate cellularity, mild cellular atypia, and mitosis histologically causing pathologists to over-diagnose the lesion as a malignant tumor. It is important to diagnose nodular fasciitis correctly to avoid unnecessary additional surgery and treatment...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042406/a-novel-deletion-mutation-of-exon-2-of-the-c19orf12-gene-in-an-omani-family-with-mitochondrial-membrane-protein-associated-neurodegeneration-mpan
#5
Nabil Al Macki, Ismail Al Rashdi
Mutations in the C19orf12 gene are known to cause mitochondrial membrane protein-associated neurodegeneration (MPAN), which is a neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation (NBIA) type 4 disorder. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a genetically confirmed case of MPAN from Oman. A novel homozygous deletion of exon 2 of the C19orf12 gene was confirmed on the proband, a seven-year-old girl, who presented with gait instability. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed iron deposition on the basal ganglia...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042405/imported-case-of-melioidosis-in-oman-case-report
#6
Nada Al Tamtami, Faryal Khamis, Amina Al-Jardani
Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. It is most commonly described in Southeast Asia and Northern Australia and some imported cases in non-endemic areas. We describe the case of a 55-year-old Omani man with fulminant sepsis who worked in Laos, Cambodia. B. pseudomallei was isolated from the patient's blood and was identified by means of microbiological and biochemical tests. We highlight the importance of careful attention to non-fermentative gram-negative rods in a septic patients who have worked or travelled to Southeast Asia...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042404/in-hospital-and-one-year-clinical-outcome-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-oman-oman-pci-registry
#7
Prashanth Panduranga, Majdah Al-Rashidi, Fatma Al-Hajri
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the in-hospital and one-year clinical outcome of patients treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a tertiary hospital in Oman. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center, observational study looking at patients > 18 years old who underwent a PCI from 1 January to 31 December 2013. The primary end point was the occurrence of a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE), defined as death, any myocardial infarction (MI), cerebrovascular accident (CVA), and target vessel revascularization (TVR) with either repeat PCI or coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG)...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042403/comparison-of-the-effect-of-stretching-exercises-and-mefenamic-acid-on-the-reduction-of-pain-and-menstruation-characteristics-in-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Narges Motahari-Tabari, Marjan Ahmad Shirvani, Abbas Alipour
OBJECTIVES: Dysmenorrhea is a common gynecologic disorder. Although non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used, due to their side effects and lack of response in some individuals, other approaches such as exercise have been considered. This study compared the effect of stretching exercises and mefenamic acid on the reduction of pain and menstruation characteristics in primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: In this randomized clinical trial, 122 female students with moderate to severe dysmenorrhea were assessed and were placed in either the exercise or mefenamic acid group...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042402/antifungal-effect-of-malaysian-aloe-vera-leaf-extract-on-selected-fungal-species-of-pathogenic-otomycosis-species-in-in-vitro-culture-medium
#9
Jeyasakthy Saniasiaya, Rosdan Salim, Irfan Mohamad, Azian Harun
OBJECTIVES: Aloe barbadensis miller or Aloe vera has been used for therapeutic purposes since ancient times with antifungal activity known to be amongst its medicinal properties. We conducted a pilot study to determine the antifungal properties of Malaysian Aloe vera leaf extract on otomycosis species including Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans. METHODS: This laboratory-controlled prospective study was conducted at the Universiti Sains Malaysia. Extracts of Malaysian Aloe vera leaf was prepared in ethanol and solutions via the Soxhlet extraction method...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042401/epidemiology-of-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-oman-2006-2015
#10
Zied Gaifer, Ahmed Babiker, Dawar Rizavi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and identify the risk factors for the development of drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in a tertiary care center in Oman. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional review of culture-confirmed tuberculosis (TB) cases diagnosed at Sultan Qaboos University Hospital between August 2006 and March 2015. We compared drug-resistant TB cases with drug-sensitive cases to identify predictors of drug-resistant TB using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042400/incidence-and-etiology-of-surgical-site-infections-in-appendectomies-a-3-year-prospective-study
#11
Humberto Guanche Garcell, Ariadna Villanueva Arias, Cristobal A Pancorbo Sandoval, Elias Guilarte García, Moraima E Valle Gamboa, Adam Bode Sado, Ramón N Alfonso Serrano
OBJECTIVES: Surgical site infections (SSIs) constitute a threat, especially in complicated appendicitis, and are commonly due to gram-negative organisms. We sought to describe the incidence of SSIs in appendectomies performed during a three-year period (January 2013 to December 2015) in a community hospital in Qatar, and compare this with external benchmarks. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study at The Cuban Hospital, Qatar. We used the standardized surveillance criteria to define SSI developed by the Centers for Disease Control...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042399/the-surgical-safety-checklist-results-of-implementation-in-otorhinolaryngology
#12
Ali S Al-Qahtani
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of implementing the surgical safety checklist (SSCL) on the outcome of patient safety in otorhinolaryngology (ENT) surgical procedures in two hospitals in Saudi Arabia: Aseer Central and Abha Private Hospitals. METHODS: This retrospective study conducted over seven years (1 July 2008 to 30 June 2015) followed a staff educational and training program for the implementation of the World Health Organization Surgical Safety Checklist (WHO SSCL)...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042398/quality-of-life-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-and-panic-disorder-a-comparative-study
#13
Shruti Srivastava, Skand Shekhar, Manjeet Singh Bhatia, Shridhar Dwivedi
OBJECTIVES: The quality of life (QOL) of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is known to be impaired. Non-cardiac chest pain referrals are often under-diagnosed and untreated, and there are hardly any studies comparing the QOL of CAD and panic disorder related (non-cardiac) chest pain referrals (PDRC). METHODS: We assessed the psychiatric morbidity and QOL of patients newly diagnosed with CAD (n = 40) at baseline and six weeks post-treatment and compared their QOL with patients with PDRC (n = 40) and age- and gender-matched healthy controls (n = 57)...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042397/treatment-of-vaginal-atrophy-with-vaginal-estrogen-cream-in-menopausal-indian-women
#14
Maitri Shah, Zalak Karena, Sangita V Patel, Niyati Parmar, Pawan K Singh, Atul Sharma
OBJECTIVES: To measure the effect of vaginal estrogen cream in the treatment of vaginal atrophy in menopausal Indian women. METHODS: A total of 50 menopausal women aged between 40 and 80 years old with symptoms of vaginal atrophy were selected and treated with 0.5 g vaginal estrogen cream, twice weekly for 12 weeks. The women were followed-up monthly where symptom score, Genital Health Clinical Evaluation (GHCE) score, vaginal pH, and vaginal maturation index (VMI) were assessed and compared to baseline data...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042396/tobacco-control-in-oman-it-s-time-to-get-serious
#15
REVIEW
Jawad Al-Lawati, Ruth M Mabry, Zakiya Q Al-Busaidi
Tobacco use is the world's leading cause of preventable morbidity and mortality. Although Oman remains a country with the lowest tobacco use in the Arab Gulf States, the prevalence of tobacco use is projected to increase to 33.3% by 2025. In 2005, Oman acceded to the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, an international treaty with numerous obligations aiming to reduce the global burden of tobacco use. This paper documents, for the first time, Oman's experience in tobacco control by providing a descriptive analysis of the evolution of tobacco control policies in relation to the country's international obligations...
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042395/immunotherapy-in-cancer-incremental-gain-or-a-quantum-leap
#16
EDITORIAL
Ikram A Burney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974965/a-young-man-with-bilateral-testicular-pain-and-swelling
#17
Roushon Ara Akter, Noor Al Busaidi, Hilal Al Musalhi, Simon Rajaratnam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974964/aggressive-angiomyxoma-of-the-pelvis-and-perineum-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
Rashid Saif Al-Umairi, Atheel Kamona, Fadhila Mohammed Al-Busaidi
Aggressive angiomyxoma (AA) is a rare mesenchymal tumor that usually occurs in the pelvis and perineum of young females. AA can simulate Bartholin's gland cyst, abscess, lipoma, simple labial cyst, or other pelvic soft tissue tumors. Cross-sectional imaging, particularly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), plays an essential role in the diagnosis and management of AA. We report a case of AA in a 38-year-old woman with typical MRI features. We also present the findings of a literature review on the radiological features of this disease...
November 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974963/bullous-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-lupus-nephritis-in-a-young-girl
#19
Tooba Momen, Yahya Madihi
Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus (BSLE) is an autoimmune blistering disease occurring in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It is a rare disease, especially in children. A 14-year-old girl initially presented with fatigue, generalized vesiculobullous skin lesions, and ulcers over the hard palate and oral mucosa. Clinical investigations revealed hematuria and proteinuria, a high erythrocyte sedimentation rate and titer of antinuclear antibody, and anti-double-stranded DNA. Skin biopsy findings were suggestive of BSLE...
November 2016: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974962/hamartoma-of-palatine-tonsil-a-rare-case
#20
Mimi Gangopadhyay, Rajasree Chakrabarty, Piyali Mitra, Shankha Subhra Nag
Hamartomas are disorganized but benign masses composed of cells indigenous to the involved site. They have been reported in almost all organs but are rare in the head and neck region, especially the pharynx. We describe the case of a six-month-old male infant who presented with acute respiratory symptoms due to a pedunculated polypoid mass arising from his left palatine tonsil. He underwent a tonsillectomy and removal of the polyp after initial stabilization. Histopathological examination showed features consistent with hamartoma...
November 2016: Oman Medical Journal
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