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Oman Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218134/antibiotic-resistance-a-real-menace
#1
EDITORIAL
Navin Kumar Devaraj
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218133/a-woman-with-abdominal-pain-vomiting-and-%C3%A2-air-under-diaphragm
#2
A V Raveendran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218132/portal-vein-thrombosis-in-adult-omani-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Khalid Al Hashmi, Lamya Al Aamri, Sulayma Al Lamki, Anil Pathare
OBJECTIVES: We sought to study the occurrence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in adult Omani patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study in patients diagnosed with PVT, which was confirmed by radiological imaging, from two tertiary hospitals over a 10-year period. Results: Amongst the 39 patients enrolled in the study, 15 (38.4%) had cirrhosis of the liver, and 24 (61.5%) were non-cirrhotic. In the non-cirrhotic PVT patients, 15 (62.5%) had acute PVT, whereas nine (37...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218131/hypocalcemia-associated-with-subcutaneous-fat-necrosis-of-the-newborn-case-report-and-literature-review
#4
Alphonsus N Onyiriuka, Theodora E Utomi
Subcutaneous fat necrosis of the newborn (SCFNN) is a rare benign inflammatory disorder of the adipose tissue but may be complicated by hypercalcemia or less frequently, hypocalcemia, resulting in morbidity and mortality. Here we report the case of a neonate with subcutaneous fat necrosis who surprisingly developed hypocalcemia instead of hypercalcemia. A full-term female neonate was delivered by emergency cesarean section for fetal distress and was subsequently admitted to the Special Care Baby Unit. The mother's pregnancy was uncomplicated up to delivery...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218130/neonatal-stridor-in-familial-congenital-laryngeal-paralysis-plott-syndrome-%C3%A2-a-case-study-in-an-omani-family
#5
Emad Sadek Shatla, Gowda Parameshwara Prashanth, Rodney Aguiar, Ganji Shivalingam, Adeel Ahmed Al Haq
Stridor presenting soon after birth due to bilateral abductor vocal cord paralysis (VCP) is rare. We report a family with bilateral VCP affecting four male members in two generations and hence suggesting X-linked recessive inheritance. Severe stridor in the neonatal period requires meticulous airway evaluation, and tracheostomy in 35-70% cases. The current trend is towards conservative management and tracheostomy is avoided unless respiratory distress is severe or life-threatening. Neonatal VCP can be an isolated finding, or it can be familial with or without syndromic features...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218129/pubic-symphysis-diastasis-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#6
Jaya Jethra Chawla, Devendra Arora, Namrita Sandhu, Megha Jain, Anju Kumari
Separation of pubic symphysis during delivery is a rare complication resulting in considerable and prolonged morbidity for parturient women. The usual presentation is that of something giving way in the region of the symphysis pubis sometimes with an audible crack at the time of delivery. Unbearable pain on moving from side-to-side and on performing any weight-bearing activity (such as walking or climbing stairs) precludes ambulation in the immediate postpartum period. This could be accompanied by disruption of the sacroiliac joint, hemorrhage, or urine incontinence in severe cases...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218128/neurobrucellosis-presenting-as-pseudotumor-cerebri-first-report-from-oman
#7
Padam P Sharma, Mangudi V Murali, Tahsin Hamdi
A ten-year-old boy presented to the hospital with body ache and joint pains for two months and headache, vomiting, and skin rash for three days. He was drowsy and lethargic at admission. Physical examination revealed bilateral papilledema. There were no cranial nerve involvement, neuromotor deficit, or signs of meningeal irritation. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain did not reveal any evidence of cerebral edema or space occupying lesion. In view of the high endemicity of brucellosis in the area, Brucella agglutination test (BAT) was done at the time of admission and was negative...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218127/the-effect-of-group-discussion-based-education-on-self-management-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-compared-with-usual-care-a-randomized-control-trial
#8
Hosein Habibzadeh, Akbar Sofiani, Leyla Alilu, Mark Gillespie
Objectives: We sought to determine the effect of group discussion-based education on the self-management capability of patients with type 2 diabetes in Iran. Methods: This randomized control trial was conducted on 90 patients with type 2 diabetes. Participants were allocated randomly into one of two groups; intervention and control. The intervention group received the group discussion-based education while the control group received routine care only. The Lin's self-management questionnaire was completed at baseline and three months post-intervention...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218126/a-pilot-study-comparing-hysteroscopic-adhesiolysis-by-conventional-resectoscope-versus-mini-resectoscope
#9
Kallol Kumar Roy, Archana Lingampally, Yamini Kansal, Juhi Bharti, Sunesh Kumar, Perumal Vanamail, Seema Singhal, Jyoti Meena
Objectives: To compare the feasibility and efficacy of the mini-resectoscope with the conventional resectoscope in terms of the operative, menstrual, and reproductive outcome in hysteroscopic adhesiolysis in infertile women. Methods: We conducted a parallel prospective randomized study at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. A total of 60 patients underwent hysteroscopic adhesiolysis using either conventional resectoscope (n = 30) or mini-resectoscope (n = 30)...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218125/the-seroprevalence-and-risk-factors-of-toxoplasmosis-among-female-undergraduate-university-students-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Osama Al-Amer
Objectives: Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a serious public health issue, but limited data has been published to date on the seroprevalence of T. gondii infection in Saudi Arabia. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the seroprevalence and risk factors of T. gondii infection using a sample of females enrolled at a university in Northern Saudi Arabia. Methods: Using a cross-sectional research approach, we recruited a convenience sample of 180 healthy females studying at the University of Tabuk between February and June 2016...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218124/expression-of-toll-like-receptor-2-and-4-in-peripheral-blood-neutrophil-cells-from-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Prashant Mani Tripathi, Surya Kant, Ravi Shanker Yadav, Ram Awadh Singh Kushwaha, Ved Prakash, Sayed Husian Mustafa Rizvi, Arshiya Parveen, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Iqbal Ahmad
Objectives: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. Preliminary studies have evaluated the association between innate immunity including Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and airway samples of patients with COPD. The role of TLRs in peripheral blood neutrophils is poorly understood. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the role of TLR2 and TLR4 in peripheral blood neutrophils of COPD patients. Methods: A total of 101 COPD cases and an equal number of healthy controls participated in this case-control study...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218123/acceptability-of-reminders-for-immunization-appointments-via-mobile-devices-by-mothers-in-ilorin-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Rasheedat Mobolaji Ibraheem, Moshood Adebayo Akintola
Objectives: Immunization coverage in Nigeria remains low despite the protection it confers. Reminders via mobile phones may be deployed as a means of improving vaccination coverage but requires the participation and cooperation of the caregiver. Therefore, we evaluated the acceptability of reminders for immunization appointment by mothers in Ilorin, Nigeria. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study recruited 526 mothers from two public hospitals in Ilorin...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218122/effect-of-growth-hormone-on-final-height-in-children-with-idiopathic-short-stature-a-uae-eastern-region-experience
#13
Shireen Mreish, Walid Kaplan, Fares Chedid
Objectives: The use of growth hormone (GH) in idiopathic short stature (ISS) has been a subject of debate for the past two decades. We sought to assess the effect of GH on final height (FH) in patients with ISS in our region, which has a high consanguinity rate, and compare it to the effect observed in GH deficient (GHD) patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective chart review from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2013 for patients with ISS or GHD from the local United Arab Emirates population who received GH treatment and were followed-up regularly in our clinic...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218121/characteristics-of-chronic-pain-patients-attending-a-primary-health-care-center-in-oman
#14
Nasrin Al-Zadjali, Samia Al-Khaldi, Nafisa Samir, Syed Rizvi, Ibrahim Al-Zakwani, Abdulaziz Al-Mahrezi
Objectives: To determine the characteristics of patients presenting with chronic pain in a primary health care setting in Oman. Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was carried out including all patients aged ≥ 18 years who attended Sultan Qaboos University Health Center during 2010. Patients were identified to have chronic pain if they were prescribed an analgesic medication for at least three months. Patients were compared to a control group which consisted of age- and gender-matched patients with no chronic pain...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218120/characteristics-and-correlates-of-woman-eligible-for-targeted-screening-mammography-in-oman
#15
Mahmood Masud Al Awfi, Obaid Said Al-Hubaishi
Objectives: We sought to determine the characteristics of women eligible for a high-yield screening mammography program in Oman. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of women who underwent breast cancer screening at the Oman Cancer Association from 22 December 2009 to 6 February 2011. Women with a Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) score of 4-5 were compared with those with a score of 1-3 based on well-known breast cancer risk factors using the case-control approach analysis...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218119/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-and-other-entrapment-neuropathies
#16
REVIEW
Kolawole Wasiu Wahab, Emmanuel O Sanya, Philip B Adebayo, Musbaudeen O Babalola, Hakeem G Ibraheem
Entrapment neuropathy is the result of pressure on a peripheral nerve as it passes through a narrow canal that is bounded by stiff tissues. In spite of their ubiquitous nature, they are underdiagnosed, underreported, and sometimes not properly managed, especially in developing countries. Entrapment neuropathies are of various types, but the most common type is carpal tunnel syndrome. Mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of entrapment neuropathies include mechanical compression and nerve ischemia. A clear understanding of the various types and the underlying mechanisms of entrapment neuropathies are invaluable in the decision-making process involved in the management of every patient with the condition...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218118/new-treatments-on-the-horizon-for-familial-hypercholesterolemia
#17
EDITORIAL
Khalid Al-Rasadi, Khalid Al-Waili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026481/the-impact-of-lifestyle-diet-and-psychological-stress-on-female-fertility
#18
Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Valentina Lucia La Rosa, Beatrice Petrosino, Alessandro Rodolico, Ludovico Mineo, Antonio Simone Laganà
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026480/dhat-syndrome-among-the-islamic-populations-of-india-and-pakistan
#19
EDITORIAL
N A Uvais
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026479/it-is-always-darkest-before-dawn
#20
Mustafa Al Balushi, Ajoy Mathew Varghese, Faisal Al Azri, Rashid Al Abri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Oman Medical Journal
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