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Oman Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657691/do-lay-people-in-oman-know-how-to-perform-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#1
EDITORIAL
Sultan Al-Shaqsi, Ahmed Al-Risi, Ammar Al-Kashmiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657690/an-unusual-case-of-cardiac-mass
#2
Arif Albulushi, Faris Khan, Khalid Al-Saidi, Thomas R Porter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657689/successful-management-of-abdominal-pregnancy-two-case-reports
#3
Shabnam Saquib, Wafa Elhussein Mohammed Talha
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare, life-threatening condition defined as pregnancy in the peritoneal cavity exclusive of tubal, ovarian, or intraligamentary locations. It can be primarily located in the peritoneal cavity or secondary to a ruptured ectopic pregnancy or tubal abortion. We present two cases of abdominal pregnancy, one primary and another secondary, both diagnosed and successfully managed in our institution. The first patient, a para 2 at 14 weeks gestation, presented with abdominal pain, distension, and dizziness, which had started four days prior...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657688/concurrent-mastoid-cellulitis-and-langerhans-cells-histiocytosis-a-challenging-diagnosis
#4
Hui Yan Ong, Liang Chye Goh, Kalimuthu Santhi, Mohamad Mokhtar Sha'ariyah
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare proliferative disorder, which commonly arises in the bone and may involve other systems. To date, the diagnosis of temporal bone LCH remains a challenge as it may masquerade as a common ear infection. We report a case of a child who presented to us with persistent bilateral ear discharge for four months and was not responding to treatment. Her condition subsequently worsened, with clinical features and radiological findings suggestive of mastoid cellulitis. Nevertheless, further histopathology study revealed LCH...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657687/multiple-bilateral-ovarian-mature-cystic-teratomas-with-ovarian-torsion-a-case-report
#5
Iman Fayez, Basel Khreisat, Tarek Athamneh, Reema Omoosh, Mayada A Daibes
Ovarian tumors are a common form of neoplasm in women. Mature cystic teratoma is the most common type, with a bilateral incidence of 8-15%. However, few cases are reported as bilateral and multiple. A rare case of bilateral multiple dermoid cysts in a 19-year-old female patient presented with abdominal pain of one-day duration. Her medical history was unremarkable. Ultrasonography showed multiple bilateral ovarian cystic masses. The patient underwent laparotomy. The masses were excised while preserving the remaining ovarian tissue...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657686/extraskeletal-myxoid-chondrosarcoma-of-nasopharynx-an-oncologic-entity-rarely-reported
#6
Abhishek Purkayastha, Neelam Sharma, Vibha Dutta
Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma (ESMC) is an extremely rare variant of chondrosarcoma accounting for less than 10% cases. It affects mainly the soft tissues of the proximal end of long bones. Its incidence in the head and neck region is less than 5%. This case presented in the nasopharynx, an exceedingly unusual site for ESMC in a 60-year-old female with left-sided nasal obstruction and occasional epistaxis of one-year duration. Biopsy from the nasopharyngeal mass was suggestive of low-grade chondrosarcoma...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657685/nurses-perceptions-of-spirituality-and-spiritual-care-at-five-tertiary-care-hospitals-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Bayan Kaddourah, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Mohamad Al-Tannir
Objectives: To identify the perceptions towards spirituality and spiritual care among nurses at tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on nurses at five tertiary care hospitals in Riyadh. The data were collected using the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS). Results: We recruited 978 nurses, of which 896 (91.6%) were female. The mean SSCRS score was 3.8±0.5 (the spirituality and spiritual care statements fell within the 'agree' category)...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657684/traditional-and-complementary-medicine-use-in-knee-osteoarthritis-and-its-associated-factors-among-patients-in-northeast-peninsular-malaysia
#8
Nik Abdul Hafiz Nik Shafii, Lili Husniati Yaacob, Azlina Ishak, Azidah Abdul Kadir
Objectives: We sought to determine the prevalence of traditional and complementary medicine (TCM) use for knee osteoarthritis and its associated factors among patients attending a referral hospital in an eastern coastal state of Malaysia. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 214 patients with knee osteoarthritis. A universal sampling method was applied to patients who attended the outpatient clinic in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia from May 2013 to October 2013...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657683/radiation-protection-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-kap-in-interventional-radiology
#9
Fatemeh Shabani, Hadi Hasanzadeh, Alireza Emadi, Majid Mirmohammadkhani, Ahmad Bitarafan-Rajabi, Ali Abedelahi, Mitra Bokharaeian, Hamed Masoumi, Danial Seifi, Tahereh Khani, Mohamad Sanchooli, Shima Moshfegh, Abbas Ziari
Objectives: Due to increasing cardiac disease and its mortality rate, the frequency of cardiac imaging has grown and, as a result, interventional cardiologists potentially receive high radiation doses in cardiac examinations. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) level of radiation protection (RP) among interventional radiology staff in Iranian health care centers across the country. Methods: We used a validated questionnaire survey consisting of 30 multiple-choice questions to perform a cross-sectional study...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657682/the-relationship-between-prevalence-of-antibiotics-resistance-and-virulence-factors-genes-of-mrsa-and-mssa-strains-isolated-from-clinical-samples-west-iran
#10
Mohammad Reza Arabestani, Sahar Rastiyani, Mohammad Yousef Alikhani, Seyed Fazlullah Mousavi
Objectives: We sought to evaluate the relationship between the prevalence of antibiotics resistance and virulence factors genes in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcal aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) strains from clinical samples taken in west Iran. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study using 100 MRSA and 100 MSSA samples isolated from clinical specimens. We used biochemical methods to identify the isolates, which were confirmed by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657681/outcomes-of-isolated-antenatal-hydronephrosis-at-first-year-of-life
#11
Mutaz Orabi, Sameh Abozaid, Bahauddin Sallout, Amani Abu Shaheen, Humariya Heena, Abdulrahman Al Matary
Objectives: To compare the grade of hydronephrosis between the antenatal and first postnatal ultrasound (US) and their clinical outcomes. Methods: This retrospective study included all cases of isolated hydronephrosis detected by antenatal US from August 2005 to February 2011. Hydronephrosis was classified based on the standard criteria into mild, moderate, or severe. Cases associated with other major congenital anomalies were excluded. All patients were followed-up postnatally and outcomes available were analyzed at one year of age...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657680/evaluation-of-the-role-of-137g-c-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-rs187238-and-gene-expression-levels-of-the-il-18-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#12
Fatemeh Hoseini, Sanaz Mahmazi, Khalil Mahmoodi, Gholam Ali Jafari, Mohammad Soleiman Soltanpour
Objectives: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) is a proinflammatory and proatherogenic cytokine, and its genetic variations may contribute to the development of coronary artery disease (CAD). We sought to investigate the role of -137G/C polymorphism and gene expression levels of IL-18 in patients with CAD. Methods: The study population included 100 patients with angiographically proven CAD and 100 matched controls. Total RNA and DNA were extracted from leukocytes using appropriate kits...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657679/induction-of-apoptosis-and-inhibition-of-invasion-in-gastric-cancer-cells-by-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles
#13
Reza Nasr, Hadi Hasanzadeh, Ali Khaleghian, Abdolvahab Moshtaghian, Alireza Emadi, Shima Moshfegh
Objectives: Nanoparticles induce oxidative stress in cells and damage them through the cell membrane and DNA damage, eventually resulting in cell death. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of titanium dioxide (TiO2 ) nanoparticles on apoptosis induction and invasion of gastric cancer cell line, MKN-45. Methods: We used the MTT assay to assess proliferation of MKN-45 gastric cancer cells after exposure to different forms of TiO2 nanoparticles including amorph, brookite, anatase, and rutile coated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) and bovine serum albumin (BSA)...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657678/safety-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-sglt2-i-during-the-month-of-ramadan-in-muslim-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#14
Alaaeldin Bashier, Azza Abdulaziz Khalifa, Elamin Ibrahim Abdelgadir, Maryam Ahmad Al Saeed, Amina Adil Al Qaysi, Murad Burhan Ali Bayati, Budoor Alemadi, Fawzi Bachet, Fatheya Alawadi, Mohammed Hassanein
Objectives: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2-I) are a new class of antidiabetic drugs that might increase the risk of dehydration and hypoglycemia, particularly during the month of Ramadan in which Muslims abstain from eating and drinking for 14-16 hours daily. We aimed to provide real-life evidence about the safety of SGLT2-I during Ramadan. Methods: All patients over the age of 18 years on SGLT2-I before Ramadan 2016 who would be fasting during Ramadan were included...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657677/immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease-an-update
#15
REVIEW
Abdullah Al-Mujaini, Murtadha Al-Khabori, Kashinatha Shenoy, Upender Wali
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an increasingly recognized immune-mediated condition comprised of a collection of disorders that share specific pathological, serological, and clinical features. IgG4-RD is a fibroinflammatory condition with a tendency to form tumors with inflammatory infiltrate with IgG4 rich plasma cells and elevation of serum IgG4, which may affect virtually every organ and tissue. IgG4-related ophthalmic disease may present as dacryoadenitis, myositis, or involvement of other orbital tissue...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657676/the-forgotten-role-of-bystander-cpr-to-improve-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-outcomes-in-oman
#16
EDITORIAL
Mahmood Al Jufaili
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468008/tactile-stimulation-during-newborn-resuscitation-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly
#17
Kaarthigeyan Kalaniti, Anil Chacko, Sibasis Daspal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468007/which-exercise-performance-is-more-important-for-cognition-incremental-or-protective-effects
#18
EDITORIAL
Hakimeh Saadati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468006/desquamative-lesion-of-the-nose-and-lip
#19
Manas Bajpai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468005/assessment-of-trained-hand-hygiene-observers-using-parallel-observations
#20
Humberto Guanche Garcell, Ariadna Villanueva Arias, Isme Borroto Garcés, Alexis Cardoso Gil, Pedro Rivero Companioni, Katiana Figueredo Arias, Osiris I Escobar More, Norgely Rivero Rodríguez, Francisco Gutierrez García
Objectives: To validate hand hygiene (HH) observers following training and determine the concordance between the observers and the Kappa index. Methods: This study was conducted during June 2017. HH observers from 15 hospital units received eight-hours training including a two-hour workshop conducted by the infection control practitioner and hospital epidemiologist. After its completion, parallel observations were conducted by trained nurses from each respective unit for a maximum of 20 minutes per session at any time or day...
January 2018: Oman Medical Journal
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