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Oman Medical Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896340/combined-factor-v-and-viii-deficiency
#1
EDITORIAL
Masoud Kashoub, Usama Al-Amri, Abdul-Rahman Saifudeen, Murtadha Al-Khabori
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896339/new-prognostic-risk-calculator-for-heart-failure
#2
EDITORIAL
Rajesh Rajan, Mohammed Al Jarallah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896338/bilateral-upper-limb-weakness
#3
Sivakumar Vadivalagianambi, Venkatraman Indiran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896337/proximal-ulna-a-rare-location-for-solitary-intraosseous-hemangioma
#4
Sumer Shikhare, Kesavan Sittampalam, Wilfred Peh, Trishna Shimpi
Intraosseous hemangiomas are rare, benign bone tumors usually affecting the bones of the axial skeleton. Its incidence in the long bones is extremely rare. We report a 19-year-old boy with solitary intraosseous hemangioma of the proximal ulna. Radiographs and computed tomography images showed a well-defined osteolytic lesion involving the right proximal ulna. Magnetic resonance imaging showed intermediate signal intensity on T1-weighted images and increased signal intensity on T2-weighted images with internal trabeculae and peripheral post-contrast enhancement...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896336/pneumorrhachis-with-spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-should-it-raise-special-concerns
#5
Dina Valiyakath, Thuraya Al Busaidi, Salma Al Shamsi, Yaqoob Al Sawafi
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is a rare and benign condition predominantly seen in young males. Patients present with non-specific pleuritic chest pain, cough, and dyspnea. Hence, it is difficult to diagnose in the acute setting until other serious differential diagnoses involving the integrity of the aerodigestive tract have been excluded. This results in over investigation and overtreatment until a diagnosis has been confirmed. We report a case of a 21-year-old Omani female who presented with a complaint of cough...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896335/acute-necrotizing-vasculitic-neuropathy-due-to-polyarteritis-nodosa
#6
Joe James, James Jose, Nallaveettil Kesavan Thulaseedharan
Necrotizing vasculitic neuropathy in polyarteritis nodosa can rarely present acutely and may mimic acute inflammatory neuropathies. A 53-year-old male presented with an acute neurological illness characterized by paresthesia and weakness of both lower limbs lasting six-days. He also had mild paresthesia of both hands. On examination, there were confluent, purpuric, and ecchymotic patches over the extensor aspects of both lower limbs, which were palpable. Neurological examination revealed grade II/V power with hypotonia and absent reflexes in the lower limbs...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896334/an-unusual-case-of-inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-of-the-appendix-masquerading-as-acute-appendicitis
#7
Muhammad Rizwan Bashir, Mohammed Omar Al Sohaibani, Ammar Cherkess Al-Rikabi
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is reported virtually in every anatomic location of the body, but most cases are commonly identified in the mesentery and omentum. The etiology of this tumor is unclear with many suggestions of viral, inflammatory, or oncogenic mutational factors that establish it as a clonal neoplasm. Clinical and laboratory workup, including roentgenography, is not usually helpful to reach a pre- or intraoperative diagnosis. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry of the resected specimen provides a definitive answer by the exclusion of a close clinical differential diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumor and many lookalikes...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896333/first-detection-of-fox-1-ampc-%C3%AE-lactamase-gene-expression-among-escherichia-coli-isolated-from-abattoir-samples-in-abakaliki-nigeria
#8
Ejikeugwu Chika, Esimone Charles, Iroha Ifeanyichukwu, Adikwu Michael
Objectives: Gram-negative bacteria represent the most relevant reservoir of resistance to antibiotics in the environment. The natural selection of resistant clones of bacteria in the environment by antimicrobial selective pressure is a relevant mechanism for spreading antibiotic resistance traits in both the community and hospital environment. This is in scenarios where antimicrobials are used irrationally, and even in the propagation of livestock, poultry birds, and for other veterinary purposes...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896332/shift-work-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-jordanian-employees
#9
Rana Abu Farha, Eman Alefishat
Objectives: We sought to evaluate the effect of night shift working on increasing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) using three different predictors. Methods: One hundred and forty adult Jordanian employees were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Demographic data, anthropometric parameters, and working patterns information were documented. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) was diagnosed, and atherogenic index of the plasma (AIP) and Framingham risk score were calculated...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896331/gestational-age-assessment-with-anthropometric-parameters-in-newborns
#10
Niloy Kumar Das, Shantanu Nandy, Rakesh Mondal, Somosri Ray, Avijit Hazra
Objectives: We sought to evaluate the relationship between gestational age (GA) and neonatal anthropometric parameters, namely head circumference (HC) and crown-heel length (CHL). Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in a tertiary care hospital with 530 consecutively live-born newborns of 28-41 weeks gestation. Anthropometric parameters were measured after three days of life. We summarized the variables using descriptive statistics, including percentile values, and the strength of association was determined through correlation analysis...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896330/rate-of-tobacco-smoking-among-psychiatric-outpatients-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-oman-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Khalid Al Risi, Mandhar Al Maqbali, Waddah Alalmaei Asiri, Hamed Al Sinawi
Objectives: Tobacco smoking is the single most avoidable cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. Patients with psychiatric disorders tend to smoke tobacco at a higher rate than the general population, with significant adverse health consequences. This study aimed to determine the rate of tobacco smoking among psychiatric outpatients attending Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, a tertiary care hospital in Muscat, Oman. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among psychiatric outpatients attending a psychiatric clinic from 1 January to 1 August 2017...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896329/detection-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-and-integrons-among-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-isolates-in-southwestern-iran
#12
Hadi Sedigh Ebrahim-Saraie, Niloofar Zahedian Nezhad, Hamid Heidari, Ashkan Motamedifar, Mohammad Motamedifar
Objectives: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most prevalent infectious diseases and can lead to a high rate of morbidity and mortality. The emergence of multiple-drug resistant strains, particularly extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) producing strains, has become a global healthcare concern. Our study sought to investigate the antimicrobial resistance pattern and presence of integrons and fimH determinants among uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolates obtained from hospitalized Iranian patients...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896328/factors-affecting-the-outcome-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-lithotripsy-in-urinary-stone-treatment
#13
Sanjay Shinde, Younis Al Balushi, Medhat Hossny, Sachin Jose, Salma Al Busaidy
Objectives: We sought to evaluate the factors affecting the outcome of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) in urinary stone treatment. Methods: We conducted a retrospective review of 235 adult patients treated with ESWL, for radiopaque renal or ureteric stones between January 2015 and December 2016. Patient's age, sex, stone size, laterality, location, density, skin-to-stone distance (SSD), and presence of double J stent were studied as potential predictors...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896327/assessment-of-patient-safety-culture-in-an-adult-oncology-department-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Waleed Alharbi, Jennifer Cleland, Zoe Morrison
Objectives: We sought to evaluate patient safety culture across different healthcare professionals from different countries of origin working in an adult oncology department in a medical facility in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional survey of 130 healthcare staff (doctors, pharmacists, nurses) was conducted in February 2017. We used the Hospital Survey of Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) to examine healthcare staff perceptions of safety culture. Results: A total of 127 questionnaires were returned, yielding a response rate of 97...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896326/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-parental-factors-in-school-children-aged-nine-to-ten-years-in-muscat-oman
#15
Samia S Al-Ghannami, Samir Al-Adawi, Kebreab Ghebremeskel, Mathias T Cramer, Izzeldin S Hussein, Yoeju Min, Lakshmanan Jeyaseelan, Nasser Al-Sibani, Saleh M Al-Shammakhi, Fatma Al-Mamari, Atsu S S Dorvlo
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and specific parental risk factors that may contribute to the development of ADHD in children. Methods: The study was conducted in Oman among fourth-grade students (aged nine to 10 years). A standardized Arabic version of the National Initiative for Children's Health Quality Vanderbilt Assessment Scale (Teachers questionnaire) was used to determine the presence of ADHD...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896325/screening-questionnaires-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-updated-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Babak Amra, Behzad Rahmati, Forogh Soltaninejad, Awat Feizi
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common sleep-related breathing disorder and is associated with significant morbidity. We sought to present an updated systematic review of the literature on the accuracy of screening questionnaires for OSA against polysomnography (PSG) as the reference test. Using the main databases (including Medline, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Scopus) we used a combination of relevant keywords to filter studies published between January 2010 and April 2017. Population-based studies evaluating the accuracy of screening questionnaires for OSA against PSG were included in the review...
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896324/tuberculosis-in-gulf-health-council-member-states-opportunities-and-challenges-towards-tb-elimination
#17
EDITORIAL
Salah T Al Awaidy, Faryal Khamis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657691/do-lay-people-in-oman-know-how-to-perform-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#18
EDITORIAL
Sultan Al-Shaqsi, Ahmed Al-Risi, Ammar Al-Kashmiri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657690/an-unusual-case-of-cardiac-mass
#19
Arif Albulushi, Faris Khan, Khalid Al-Saidi, Thomas R Porter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657689/successful-management-of-abdominal-pregnancy-two-case-reports
#20
Shabnam Saquib, Wafa Elhussein Mohammed Talha
Abdominal pregnancy is a rare, life-threatening condition defined as pregnancy in the peritoneal cavity exclusive of tubal, ovarian, or intraligamentary locations. It can be primarily located in the peritoneal cavity or secondary to a ruptured ectopic pregnancy or tubal abortion. We present two cases of abdominal pregnancy, one primary and another secondary, both diagnosed and successfully managed in our institution. The first patient, a para 2 at 14 weeks gestation, presented with abdominal pain, distension, and dizziness, which had started four days prior...
March 2018: Oman Medical Journal
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