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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

Joyce Nankumbi, Tom Dennis Ngabirano, Gorrette Nalwadda
Maternal nutrition during pregnancy affects the health of the mother and baby. The objective of this paper is to describe the maternal nutrition education offered by midwives to women attending an antenatal clinic. The study also examined the resources, support, and the needs of the midwives in offering the nutrition education. Six in-depth interviews with the midwives, six direct structured observations of the group education, and 12 one-on-one interactions of midwife and pregnant women observations were completed...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
David Oscar Yawson, Michael Osei Adu, Benjamin Ason, Frederick Ato Armah, Emmanuel Boateng, Reggie Quansah
The World Health Organization (WHO) has highlighted the beneficial role of adequate intake of potassium (K) in combating the global burden of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), mainly hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. Diets are the main source of K supply to humans and can contribute to both K deficiency (hypokalemia) and excess (hyperkalemia). While global attention is currently devoted to K deficiency, K excess can be even more dangerous and deserves equal attention. The objectives of this paper were to (i) estimate the K intake of Ghanaian population using food supply and food composition data and (ii) compare this estimate with the WHO-recommended requirement for K in order to assess if there is a risk of inadequate or excess K intake...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Blake A Niccum, Daniel J Stein, Brian W Behm, R Ann Hays
Background: Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) is an effective therapy for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). However, in 12% of patients treated with FMT, CDI recurs within one month. Zinc deficiency predicts increased diarrheal frequency in malnourished children, but little is known about its association with FMT outcome. We hypothesized that zinc levels were an independent predictor of CDI recurrence after FMT. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 80 patients (mean age, 66; 59 women) receiving FMT for CDI from 9/2013-9/2016 at a tertiary care center...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Amare Lisanu Mazengia, Gashaw Andargie Biks
Background: Stunting is a major public health problem in most developing countries, and it increases the risk of illness and death throughout childhood. It is also a major public health problem in Ethiopia. Most of the few studies done in Ethiopia were done in schools. However, the prevalence of stunting of school-age children at the community level is largely unknown. Objective: To assess prevalence and predictors of stunting among school-age children in Mecha District, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Karen L Sweazea, Carol S Johnston, Brendan Miller, Eric Gumpricht
Nitric oxide (NO) is a primary vasodilatory factor released from endothelial cells of the peripheral vasculature. NO production is stimulated through enzymatic-dependent mechanisms via NO synthase and from dietary intake of nitrate-containing foods or supplements. We evaluated the efficacy of a nitrate-rich fruit and vegetable liquid supplement (FVS, AMPED NOx, Isagenix International LLC) versus a juice low in nitrates (prune juice, PRU) on circulating nitrates/nitrites as well as cardiovascular parameters in 45 healthy normotensive men (18-40 y)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Shelly N Hester, Angela Mastaloudis, Russell Gray, Joseph M Antony, Mal Evans, Steven M Wood
Background: Anthocyanins and prebiotics impact overall health and wellness, likely through modulation of the microbiota and the intestinal ecosystem. Objectives: An 8-week open-label study in male and female volunteers with uncomplicated obesity was designed to study the efficacy of an anthocyanin and prebiotic blend in modulating intestinal microbiota and intestinal inflammation. Results: After 8 weeks of daily supplementation, participants had a significant decrease in Firmicutes ( p < 0...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Ina Knerr, Laurie Bernstein, Ellen Crushell, Siobhan O'Sullivan, Jörn Oliver Sass
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Andréia Quatrin, Lisiane Conte, Dariane Trivisiol da Silva, Cassieli Gehlen Figueiredo, Sabrina Somacal, Miguel Roehrs, Cibele Ferreira Teixeira, Fernanda Barbisan, Paula Rossini Augusti, Mário Roberto Maróstica Júnior, Ivana Beatrice Mânica da Cruz, Tatiana Emanuelli
Jaboticaba peel powder (JPP) is rich in bioactive compounds, mainly soluble and insoluble polyphenols with great antioxidant properties. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of JPP supplementation on the oxidative stress and hepatic damage in a rat model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Diabetic rats received vehicle or JPP at 2.7 (JPP-I), 5.4 (JPP-II), or 10.8 (JPP-III) g/L in drinking water during 8 weeks. JPP-III attenuated hyperglycaemia and dyslipidemia increased by 86% the liver content of nonprotein thiol groups and by 90% the GSH/GSSG ratio by activating glutathione synthesis...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Kulapong Jayanama, Supanee Putadechakun, Praopilad Srisuwarn, Sakda Arj-Ong Vallibhakara, Prapimporn Chattranukulchai Shantavasinkul, Chanika Sritara, Surasak Kantachuvesiri, Surat Komindr
Background: Body composition measurement is very important for early nutritional care in hemodialysis patients. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a gold standard test, but clinically limited. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with multifrequency technique is a practical and reliable tool. Objective: This cross-sectional study was aimed to compare the agreement of BIA with DXA in measurement of body composition in hemodialysis patients and to evaluate their associated factors...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Naima Saeid, Mohammed Elmzibri, Abdeslam Hamrani, Qandoussi Latifa, Hakim Belghiti, Hicham El Berri, Kaoutar Benjeddou, Amina Bouziani, Hasnae Benkirane, Youness Taboz, Asmae Elhamdouchi, Khalid El Kari, Hassan Aguenaou
Background: The incidence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has greatly increased, mainly due to high level of dietary sodium. Thus, reduction of sodium intake in population has been recognized as one of the most cost-effective strategies to reduce NCDs. The aim of this study was to estimate sodium and potassium consumption in a sample of Moroccan children as a baseline study to implement national strategy for salt intake reduction. Methods: The study was conducted on 131 children aged 6-18 years recruited from Rabat and its region...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Fatima Barich, Fatima Ezzahra Zahrou, Fatima Zahra Laamiri, Nisrine El Mir, Manelle Rjimati, Amina Barkat, El Arbi Rjimati, Hassan Aguenaou
Worldwide, obesity is considered as an important public health problem. This study aims to explore the social and economic factors associated with overweight and obesity among women of childbearing age residing in the urban area of Morocco. This is a descriptive and analytical study conducted among women ( N =240), aged between 15 and 49 years. At recruitment, socioeconomic status (SES) of each participant was assessed, anthropometric parameters were recorded, and body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were measured to assess overweight and obesity...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Thilak Priyantha Weerarathna, Miyuru Kavinda Weerarathna, Vidarsha Senadheera, Herath Mudiyanselage Meththananda Herath, Gayani Liyanage
Introduction: Influence of dietary and drug compliance of patients with diabetes on attainment of optimal metabolic (glucose and lipid) control remains underexplored in developing countries. Materials and methods: Self-reported dietary and drug compliance score of 0-10, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels were obtained from patients with diabetes. HbA1c <7% and LDL <100 mg/dL were used to define optimal glucose and lipid control, respectively...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Myat Su Bo, Whye Lian Cheah, Soe Lwin, Tin Moe Nwe, Than Than Win, Myint Aung
Background: Atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) was found to be one of the strongest markers in predicting the cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. This study was to determine the AIP and its relationship with other CVD risk factors. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done among 349 staff of a public university in Sarawak. Data were collected using questionnaire, blood sampling, and anthropometric and blood pressure measurement. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 20...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Acsa Nara A B Barros, Mário Emílio T Dourado, Lucia de Fatima C Pedrosa, Lucia Leite-Lais
Oxidative stress is one of the main mechanisms associated with the pathogenesis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Copper can affect cellular oxidation and lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of copper status with lipid profile and functional status in patients with ALS. A cross-sectional study was carried out including 27 patients with ALS (case group) and 26 healthy individuals (control group). Copper status was evaluated by habitual dietary copper intake, plasma copper, and serum ceruloplasmin concentrations...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Yitayal Ayalew Goshu, Tewachew Muche Liyeh, Amare Simegn Ayele, Liknaw Bewket Zeleke, Yohannes Tesfahun Kassie
Introduction: Preconception folic acid supplementation is the provision of folate for reproductive age group women who have a plan to be pregnant. According to different studies, in African countries, there is poor utilization of preconception folic supplementation. So this study aimed at assessing women's awareness on preconception care and its associated factors in Adet, Northwestern Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from March 1 to April 1, 2016, among 422 reproductive age group women...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Shiferaw Abeway, Bereket Gebremichael, Rajalakshmi Murugan, Masresha Assefa, Yohannes Mehretie Adinew
Background: Stunting reflects chronic undernutrition during the most critical periods of growth and development in early life. The study was aimed at assessing the magnitude of stunting and associated factors among children aged 6-59 month in central Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 410 children aged between 6 and 59 months. Systematic random sampling technique was employed to select study participants. Interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was used to collect data...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Tona Zema Diddana, Gezahegn Nigusse Kelkay, Amanuel Nana Dola, Abinet Arega Sadore
Background: In Ethiopia, poor dietary practice among pregnant women ranges from 39.3 to 66.1%. Limited nutritional knowledge and wrong perception towards dietary behaviours were underlying factors. Hence, this study was aimed to determine the effect of nutrition education based on Health Belief Model on nutritional knowledge and dietary practice of pregnant women in Dissie town, northeast Ethiopia, 2017 GC. Methods: Community-based cluster randomized control trial was employed...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Anne Clark, Deirdre Deverell, Emma Corcoran, Margaret Macauley, Nicola Newcombe, Peter Branagan, Aoife Coughlan, Eimear Daly, Aoibhin Moore Heslin, Ellen Crushell, Joanne Hughes, Ina Knerr, Ahmad Monavari
The Metabolic Dietetic Team in the National Centre for Inherited Metabolic Disorders (NCIMD) in Ireland deals with approximately 120 weekly phenylalanine (Phe) levels for both adults and children. A review of 500 Phe levels highlighted that 52% of the results were within the target range. Collaboration between information and communication technologies (ICT) departments, metabolic laboratory, and metabolic dietitians enabled the development of the PKU texting system. Following a successful pilot study, the system was then offered to all PKU patients aged over 2 years...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
Tom L Broderick, Frank A Cusimano, Chelsea Carlson, Jeganathan Ramesh Babu
We determined whether one single bout of exercise stimulates carnitine biosynthesis and carnitine uptake in liver and heart. Free carnitine (FC) in plasma was assayed using acetyltransferase and [14 C]acetyl-CoA in Swiss Webster mice after 1 hour of moderate-intensity treadmill running or 4 hours and 8 hours into recovery. Liver and heart were removed under the same conditions for measurement of carnitine biosynthesis enzymes (liver butyrobetaine hydroxylase, γ-BBH; heart trimethyllysine dioxygenase, TMLD), organic cation transporter-2 (OCTN2, carnitine transporter), and liver peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR α , transcription factor for γ -BBH and OCTN2 synthesis)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
David Larbi Simpong, Yaw Asante Awuku, Kenneth Kwame Kye-Amoah, Martin Tangnaa Morna, Prince Adoba, Stephen Kofi Anin, Patrick Adu
Background: Iodine deficiency causes maternal hypothyroidism which can lead to growth, cognitive, and psychomotor deficit in neonates, infants, and children. This study examined the iodine status of pregnant women in a periurban setting in Ghana. Methods: This longitudinal study recruited 125 pregnant women by purposeful convenience sampling from the antenatal clinic of the Sefwi Wiawso municipal hospital in Ghana. Urinary iodine concentration (UIC) was estimated by the ammonium persulfate method at an estimated gestational age (EGA) of 11, 20, and 32 weeks...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
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