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Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299204/the-coadministration-of-unoxidized-and-oxidized-desi-ghee-ameliorates-the-toxic-effects-of-thermally-oxidized-ghee-in-rabbits
#1
Alam Zeb, Islam Uddin
Desi Ghee was thermally oxidized at 160°C for 9 h and characterized for peroxide value (PV), free fatty acid (FFA), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), radical scavenging activity (RSA), and fatty acid and cholesterol composition using GC-MS. Oxidized (OG) and normal ghee (NG) were fed to rabbits in different doses. Blood was collected for hematology and biochemical analyses after 7 and 14 days. The oxidation of desi ghee increased the PV, FFA, and TBARS values and showed a decline in the RSA values...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286674/the-effect-of-exercise-intensity-on-total-pyy-and-glp-1-in-healthy-females-a-pilot-study
#2
Jillian R Hallworth, Jennifer L Copeland, Jon Doan, Tom J Hazell
We compared the acute response of anorexigenic signals (total PYY and GLP-1) in response to submaximal and supramaximal exercise. Nine females completed three sessions: (1) moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT; 30 min; 65%  VO2max); (2) sprint interval training (SIT; 6 × 30 sec "all-out" cycling sprints with 4 min recovery); or (3) control (CTRL; no exercise). PYY and GLP-1 were measured via blood samples drawn before, immediately after, and 90 min after exercise. Perceptions of hunger were rated using a visual analogue scale at all blood sampling time points...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265467/vitamin-d-status-and-its-association-with-parathyroid-hormone-concentration-in-brazilians
#3
Juliana Sálvio Martins, Magda de Oliveira Palhares, Octávio Cury Mayrink Teixeira, Mariana Gontijo Ramos
Vitamins are organic compounds that play a vital role in the control of metabolic processes. The D complex is considered a nutrient with a hormonal action and has an important participation in the constant maintenance of serum and extracellular calcium levels. The present study aims to analyze the results of 105.588 vitamin D (25(OH)D) measurements obtained from a database from a clinical analysis laboratory in Brazil, between the years of 2011 and 2013. The values of 25(OH)D were correlated with age, gender, and values of PTH...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243471/a-single-dose-of-beetroot-gel-rich-in-nitrate-does-not-improve-performance-but-lowers-blood-glucose-in-physically-active-individuals
#4
Julia Vasconcellos, Diego Henrique Silvestre, Diego Dos Santos Baião, João Pedro Werneck-de-Castro, Thiago Silveira Alvares, Vânia M Flosi Paschoalin
Background. Beetroot consumption has been proposed to improve exercise performance, since the nitrate content of this food is able to stimulate the synthesis of nitric oxide. Objective. The acute effect of 100 g of a beetroot gel containing ~10 mmol of nitrate was tested on the nitric oxide synthesis, on metabolic and biochemical parameters, and on performance in physically active individuals. Methods. Through a double blind, crossover, placebo-controlled study, 25 healthy runners ingested a single dose of beetroot and placebo gels...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239492/performance-of-clarias-gariepinus-fed-dried-brewer-s-yeast-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-slurry-in-replacement-for-soybean-meal
#5
Shola Gabriel Solomon, Gabriel Arome Ataguba, Gabriel Enemona Itodo
Following disparity of earlier results, this study tested the performance of African catfish Clarias gariepinus fed dried brewer's yeast slurry meal (DBYM) based diets. Fingerlings of C. gariepinus with pooled mean initial weight of 1.58 ± 0.01 g were stocked in hapas (1 m × 1 m × 1 m) immersed in an earthen pond at a density of 15 fish per cage. Five diets with increasing substitution of soybean meal with 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of dried brewer's yeast and a control without dried brewer's yeast (0% substitution) were evaluated for 8 weeks...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203456/concurrent-beet-juice-and-carbohydrate-ingestion-influence-on-glucose-tolerance-in-obese-and-nonobese-adults
#6
Joseph W Beals, Scott E Binns, Janelle L Davis, Gregory R Giordano, Anna L Klochak, Hunter L Paris, Melani M Schweder, Garrett L Peltonen, Rebecca L Scalzo, Christopher Bell
Insulin resistance and obesity are characterized by low nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability. Insulin sensitivity is improved with stimulation of NO generating pathways. Consumption of dietary nitrate (NO3(-)) increases NO formation, via NO3(-) reduction to nitrite (NO2(-)) by oral bacteria. We hypothesized that acute dietary nitrate (beet juice) ingestion improves insulin sensitivity in obese but not in nonobese adults. 12 nonobese (body mass index: 26.3 ± 0.8 kg/m(2) (mean ± SE)) and 10 obese adults (34...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168052/dietary-diversity-is-not-associated-with-haematological-status-of-pregnant-women-resident-in-rural-areas-of-northern-ghana
#7
Mahama Saaka, Jeremiah Oladele, Asamoah Larbi, Irmgard Hoeschle-Zeledon
Background. Information regarding how dietary diversity is related to haematological status of the pregnant women in rural areas of Northern Ghana is limited. This study therefore evaluated maternal dietary intake and how it relates to the nutritional status of pregnant women belonging to different socioeconomic conditions in Northern Ghana. Methods. This study was cross-sectional in design involving 400 pregnant women. Midupper arm circumference (MUAC) and anaemia status were used to assess the nutritional status of pregnant women...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133545/plasma-and-aorta-biochemistry-and-mmps-activities-in-female-rabbit-fed-methionine-enriched-diet-and-their-offspring
#8
Khira Othmani Mecif, Souhila Aouichat Bouguerra, Yasmina Benazzoug
This study investigated whether a high Met diet influences biochemical parameters, MMPs activities in plasma, and biochemical and histological remodeling in aorta, in both pregnant female rabbits and their offspring. Four female rabbit groups are constituted (each n = 8), nonpregnant control (NPC), pregnant control (PC) that received normal commercial chow, nonpregnant Met (NPMet), and pregnant Met (PMet) that received the same diet supplemented with 0,35% L-methionine (w/w) for 3 months (500 mg/d). All pregnant females realize 3 successive pregnancies...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116152/the-effects-of-compliance-with-nutritional-counselling-on-body-composition-parameters-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-under-radiotherapy
#9
D Hopanci Bicakli, O Ozkaya Akagunduz, R Meseri Dalak, M Esassolak, R Uslu, M Uyar
Background. Radiotherapy (RT) has been associated with increased risk of malnutrition in cancer patients, particularly in those with head and neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of compliance of patients with individual dietary counselling on body composition parameters in HNC patients under RT. Material and Methods. Sixty-nine consecutive patients (mean age: 61.0 ± 13.8) were prospectively followed. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) was performed to determine body composition parameters before, in the middle of, and at the end of RT...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127469/dietary-habits-of-type-2-diabetes-patients-variety-and-frequency-of-food-intake
#10
Senadheera Pathirannehelage Anuruddhika Subhashinie Senadheera, Sagarika Ekanayake, Chandanie Wanigatunge
The objective of the present study was to observe the dietary patterns and food frequencies of type 2 diabetes patients attending the clinics of the Family Practice Center of the University of Sri Jayewardenepura, located in a highly urbanized area in Sri Lanka. An interviewer administered questionnaire based cross-sectional study was conducted among randomly selected 100 type 2 diabetes patients [age 35-70 years; mean age 55 ± 9 (males = 44; females = 56)]. The data were analyzed by SPSS version 18.0 software...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097021/downregulation-of-pgc-1%C3%AE-prevents-the-beneficial-effect-of-eet-heme-oxygenase-1-on-mitochondrial-integrity-and-associated-metabolic-function-in-obese-mice
#11
Shailendra P Singh, Lars Bellner, Luca Vanella, Jian Cao, John R Falck, Attallah Kappas, Nader G Abraham
Background/Objectives. Obesity and metabolic syndrome and associated adiposity are a systemic condition characterized by increased mitochondrial dysfunction, inflammation, and inhibition of antioxidant genes, HO-1, and EETs levels. We postulate that EETs attenuate adiposity by stimulating mitochondrial function and induction of HO-1 via activation of PGC-1α in adipose and hepatic tissue. Methods. Cultured murine adipocytes and mice fed a high fat (HF) diet were used to assess the functional relationship among EETs, PGC-1α, HO-1, and mitochondrial signaling using an EET-agonist (EET-A) and PGC-1α-deficient cells and mice using lentiviral PGC-1α(sh)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083148/effects-of-exercise-training-under-hyperbaric-oxygen-on-oxidative-stress-markers-and-endurance-performance-in-young-soccer-players-a-pilot-study
#12
Carlos Burgos, Carlos Henríquez-Olguín, David Cristóbal Andrade, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Oscar F Araneda, Allan White, Hugo Cerda-Kohler
The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of three weeks of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) training on oxidative stress markers and endurance performance in young soccer players. Participants (18.6 ± 1.6 years) were randomized into hyperbaric-hyperoxic (HH) training (n = 6) and normobaric normoxic (NN) training (n = 6) groups. Immediately before and after the 5th, 10th, and 15th training sessions, plasma oxidative stress markers (lipid hydroperoxides and uric acid), plasma antioxidant capacity (6-hydroxy-2,5,7,8-tetramethylchroman-2-carboxylic acid [TROLOX]), arterial blood gases, acid-base balance, bases excess (BE), and blood lactate analyses were performed...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053781/potential-benefits-of-jujube-zizyphus-lotus-l-bioactive-compounds-for-nutrition-and-health
#13
REVIEW
Souleymane Abdoul-Azize
Zizyphus lotus, belonging to the Rhamnaceae family, is a deciduous shrub which generally grows in arid and semiarid regions of the globe. In traditional medicine, Z. lotus is used as antidiabetes, sedative, bronchitis, and antidiarrhea by local populations. Recently, several scientific reports for health benefit and nutritional potential of bioactive compounds from this jujube have been reported. This plant is rich in polyphenols, cyclopeptide alkaloids, dammarane saponins, vitamins, minerals, amino acids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050282/effect-of-the-lipoxygenase-inhibitor-baicalein-on-muscles-in-ovariectomized-rats
#14
D Saul, J H Kling, R L Kosinsky, D B Hoffmann, M Komrakova, M Wicke, B Menger, S Sehmisch
Sarcopenia, a loss of muscle mass accompanying osteoporosis, leads to falls and fall-related injuries. Baicalein, as a phytochemical agent, has an antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effect in muscle. In this study, sixty-one female Sprague Dawley rats were divided into five groups: four groups were ovariectomized (OVX) and one control group was nonovariectomized (NON-OVX). Eight weeks after ovariectomy, three disparate concentrations (1 mg/kg body weight (BW), 10 mg/kg BW, and 100 mg/kg BW) of baicalein were applied subcutaneously daily in three OVX groups...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050281/ghanaians-might-be-at-risk-of-inadequate-dietary-intake-of-potassium
#15
David Oscar Yawson, Michael Osei Adu, Benjamin Ason, Frederick Ato Armah, Emmanuel Boateng, Reggie Quansah
Adequate dietary intake of potassium (K) helps fight noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), mainly hypertension and cardiovascular diseases. This paper (i) estimated the K intake of Ghanaian population using food supply and food composition data and (ii) compared this estimate with the WHO recommended requirement for K in order to assess if there is a risk of inadequate K intake. Food supply data (1961-2011) was obtained from the FAO Food Balance Sheet (FBS) to derive trends in food and K supply. The average food supply in the FBS for 2010 and 2011 was used in assessing the risk of inadequate dietary intake of K...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050280/evaluation-of-the-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-locally-delivered-vitamin-c-in-the-treatment-of-persistent-gingival-inflammation-clinical-and-histopathological-study
#16
Nermin M Yussif, Manar A Abdul Aziz, Ahmed R Abdel Rahman
Objective. The purpose of this study is to investigate the role and efficiency of the locally injected vitamin C in the treatment of persistent gingival inflammation. Design. Twenty adult patients with persistent chronic gingival inflammation were included in this study. The same dose of sterile vitamin C was injected in gingival tissues after the completion of phase I therapy. Gingival biopsies were taken after total resolution of inflammation. The specimens were examined histologically, using H&E stain. Results...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957339/gender-and-racial-differences-in-the-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-overweight-and-obese-rural-adults-kuching-and-samarahan-division-sarawak-malaysia
#17
Whye Lian Cheah, Ching Thon Chang, Helmy Hazmi, Wan Manan Wan Muda
Objective. This study aimed to determine whether gender and ethnic differences had an effect on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight and obese rural adults in Sarawak. Design and Setting. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in rural communities in Kuching and Samarahan division, Malaysia. Data was obtained using a set of questionnaire (sociodemographic data and physical activity), measurement of blood pressure, height, weight (body mass index, BMI), body fat percentage, fasting blood sugar, and lipid profile from three ethnic groups-Iban, Malay, and Bidayuh...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872757/sports-nutrition-knowledge-among-mid-major-division-i-university-student-athletes
#18
Ashley Andrews, Janet R Wojcik, Joni M Boyd, Charles J Bowers
Competitive athletes have goals to optimize performance and to maintain healthy body composition. Sports nutrition is a component of training programs often overlooked by student-athletes and their coaches. The purpose of this study was to examine student-athletes' sports nutrition knowledge across sex, class level, team, and completion of prior nutrition coursework. Participants included 123 mid-major Division I university student-athletes (47 females and 76 males) from baseball, softball, men's soccer, track and field, and tennis...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840740/serum-metabolomic-response-to-long-term-supplementation-with-all-rac-%C3%AE-tocopheryl-acetate-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Alison M Mondul, Steven C Moore, Stephanie J Weinstein, Anne M Evans, Edward D Karoly, Satu Männistö, Joshua N Sampson, Demetrius Albanes
Background. The Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention (ATBC) Study, a randomized controlled cancer prevention trial, showed a 32% reduction in prostate cancer incidence in response to vitamin E supplementation. Two other trials were not confirmatory, however. Objective. We compared the change in serum metabolome of the ATBC Study participants randomized to receive vitamin E to those who were not by randomly selecting 50 men from each of the intervention groups (50 mg/day all-rac-α-tocopheryl acetate (ATA), 20 mg/day β-carotene, both, placebo)...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818793/transient-decrease-in-circulatory-testosterone-and-homocysteine-precedes-the-development-of-metabolic-syndrome-features-in-fructose-fed-sprague-dawley-rats
#20
Anil Sakamuri, Sujatha Pitla, Uday Kumar Putcha, Sugeedha Jayapal, Sailaja Pothana, Sai Santosh Vadakattu, Nagabhushan Reddy Konapalli, Siva Sankara Vara Prasad Sakamuri, Ahamed Ibrahim
Background. Increased fructose consumption is linked to the development of metabolic syndrome (MS). Here we investigated the time course of development of MS features in high-fructose-fed Sprague Dawley rats along with circulatory testosterone and homocysteine levels. Methods. Rats were divided into control and experimental groups and fed with diets containing 54.5% starch and fructose, respectively, for 4, 12, and 24 weeks. Plasma testosterone and homocysteine levels were measured along with insulin, glucose, and lipids...
2016: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
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