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Journal of Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155289/prospective-associations-of-the-short-form-health-survey-vitality-scale-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-and-obesity-status
#1
Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Emilie Rune Hegelund, Anna Paldam Folker, Emilie Just-Østergaard, Merete Osler, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Trine Flensborg-Madsen
Objectives: The objectives of the current study were to prospectively investigate the predictive value of the vitality scale of the Short Form Health Survey for changes in body mass index and development of obesity. Methods: The study population comprised 2864 (81.5%) men and 648 (18.5%) women from the Metropolit Project and the Danish Longitudinal Study on Work, Unemployment and Health, who participated in a follow-up examination in 2009-2011 corresponding to a follow-up period of 3-7 years...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123584/the-first-step-of-health-policy-making-for-lifestyle-modifications-at-middle-age-problem-identification-in-40-to-60-year-old-population-northern-iran
#2
Simin Mouodi, Seyed Reza Hosseini, Reza Ghadimi, Ali Bijani, Robert Graham Cumming, Hassan Ashrafian Amiri, Fatemeh Bayani, Shima Sum
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the current situation of lifestyle behaviors and related outcomes, as the first step to make proper local health policies for improvement of health lifestyle behaviors. Materials and Methods: This analytic research has been conducted as a cross-sectional study on the middle-aged (40-60 years old) population of Amirkola, Northern Iran. The Persian translation of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used for data collection...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123583/anthropometrics-metabolic-syndrome-and-mortality-hazard
#3
Nir Y Krakauer, Jesse C Krakauer
Independent indices (height, body mass index, a body shape index, and hip index) derived from basic anthropometrics have been found to be powerful predictors of mortality hazard, especially when the attributable risks are summed over these indices to give an anthropometric risk index (ARI). The metabolic syndrome (MS) is defined based on the co-occurrence of anthropometric, clinical, and laboratory criteria and is also widely employed for evaluating disease risk. Here, we investigate correlations between ARI and MS in a general population sample, the United States Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123582/impact-of-experimentally-induced-cognitive-dietary-restraint-on-eating-behavior-traits-appetite-sensations-and-markers-of-stress-during-energy-restriction-in-overweight-obese-women
#4
Isabelle Morin, Catherine Bégin, Julie Maltais-Giguère, Alexandra Bédard, André Tchernof, Simone Lemieux
Weight loss has been associated with changes in eating behaviors and appetite sensations that favor a regain in body weight. Since traditional weight loss approaches emphasize the importance of increasing cognitive dietary restraint (CDR) to achieve negative energy imbalance, it is difficult to untangle the respective contributions of energy restriction and increases in CDR on factors that can eventually lead to body weight regain. The present study aimed at comparing the effects of energy restriction alone or in combination with experimentally induced CDR on eating behavior traits, appetite sensations, and markers of stress in overweight and obese women...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123581/corrigendum-to-sequence-analysis-of-the-ucp1-gene-in-a-severe-obese-population-from-southern-italy
#5
Giuseppe Labruna, Fabrizio Pasanisi, Giuliana Fortunato, Carmela Nardelli, Carmine Finelli, Eduardo Farinaro, Franco Contaldo, Lucia Sacchetti
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2011/269043.].
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057808/canadian-senate-report-on-obesity-focusing-on-individual-behaviours-versus-social-determinants-of-health-may-promote-weight-stigma
#6
REVIEW
Angela S Alberga, Lindsay McLaren, Shelly Russell-Mayhew, Kristin M von Ranson
Very little attention has been given to unintended consequences of government reporting on obesity. This paper argues that the 2016 Senate report, "Obesity in Canada: A Whole-Of-Society Approach," exemplifies the systemic public health issue of weight stigma. The purpose of this viewpoint is to critique the approach taken in the Report, by illustrating that it (1) takes a weight-centric approach to health, (2) does not acknowledge important limitations of the definition and measurement of obesity, (3) reifies obesity as a categorical phenomenon that must be prevented, and (4) uses aggressive framing and disrespectful terminology...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30046468/trial-characteristics-and-appropriateness-of-statistical-methods-applied-for-design-and-analysis-of-randomized-school-based-studies-addressing-weight-related-issues-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Moonseong Heo, Singh R Nair, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Myles S Faith, Angelo Pietrobelli, Nancy R Glassman, Sarah N Martin, Stephanie Dickinson, David B Allison
Objective: To evaluate whether clustering effects, often quantified by the intracluster correlation coefficient (ICC), were appropriately accounted for in design and analysis of school-based trials. Methods: We searched PubMed and extracted variables concerning study characteristics, power analysis, ICC use for power analysis, applied statistical models, and the report of the ICC estimated from the observed data. Results: N =263 papers were identified, and N =121 papers were included for evaluation...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30018820/identification-and-characterization-of-families-that-are-positively-deviant-for-childhood-obesity-in-a-latino-population-a-case-control-study
#8
Byron A Foster, Christian A Aquino, Sharol Mejia, Barbara J Turner, Arvind Singhal
Background: Childhood obesity is a complex public health challenge that requires innovative, sustainable solutions. Positive deviance, inspired by the science of complexity, is an approach that examines what allows certain individuals to succeed despite being predicted to fail. This study is aimed at identifying and defining positive deviants for early childhood obesity. Methods: This case-control study used medical record data to identify Latino children aged 2-5 and classify them using their longitudinal weight change...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30009050/dyslipidemia-and-fatty-liver-disease-in-overweight-and-obese-children
#9
Asma Deeb, Salima Attia, Samia Mahmoud, Ghada Elhaj, Abubaker Elfatih
Introduction: Obesity is a worldwide concern. It is associated with morbidity such as dyslipidemia and liver disease. Childhood obesity has dramatically increased, particularly in the Gulf region. We aim to assess the prevalence of dyslipidemia and fatty liver disease (FLD) in overweight and obese children and analyze the association between different anthropometric measures with dyslipidemia and fatty liver disease. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted on children referred with obesity...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002927/a-shorter-circular-stapler-height-at-the-gastrojejunostomy-during-a-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-results-in-less-strictures-and-bleeding-complications
#10
Michael Horkoff, Kieran Purich, Noah Switzer, Shalvin Prasad, Neal Church, Xinzhe Shi, Philip Mitchell, Estifanos Debru, Shahzeer Karmali, Richdeep Gill
The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is prone to a number of complications, most notably at the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) staple line. The circular stapler technique is a common method used to create the GJ anastomosis. Although recent studies have shown a decreased rate of anastomotic strictures with shorter stapler heights, the optimal circular stapler height to use remains controversial. We therefore completed a retrospective cohort study within the Alberta Provincial Bariatric Program (APBP) to compare outcomes between the 3...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983998/examining-the-obesogenic-attributes-of-the-family-child-care-home-environment-a-literature-review
#11
REVIEW
Lucine Francis, Lara Shodeinde, Maureen M Black, Jerilyn Allen
Childhood obesity is a major public health concern in the US. More than a third of young children 2-5 years old are placed in nonrelative child care for the majority of the day, making the child care setting an important venue to spearhead obesity prevention. Much of the obesity research in child care has focused on center-based facilities, with emerging research on Family Child Care Homes (FCCHs)-child care operated in a home setting outside the child's home. The purpose of this review was to assess the obesogenic attributes of the FCCH environment...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29973985/management-of-pregnant-women-after-bariatric-surgery
#12
REVIEW
Jürgen Harreiter, Karin Schindler, Dagmar Bancher-Todesca, Christian Göbl, Felix Langer, Gerhard Prager, Alois Gessl, Michael Leutner, Bernhard Ludvik, Anton Luger, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Michael Krebs
The prevalence of obesity is growing worldwide, and strategies to overcome this epidemic need to be developed urgently. Bariatric surgery is a very effective treatment option to reduce excess weight and often performed in women of reproductive age. Weight loss influences fertility positively and can resolve hormonal imbalance. So far, guidelines suggest conceiving after losing maximum weight and thus recommend conception at least 12-24 months after surgery. As limited data of these suggestions exist, further evidence is urgently needed as well for weight gain in pregnancy...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951311/body-size-misperception-and-overweight-or-obesity-among-saudi-college-aged-females
#13
Jumanah Albeeybe, Abdulaziz Alomer, Tasneem Alahmari, Nawal Asiri, Reema Alajaji, Reem Almassoud, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between perceived and desired body size and overweight and obesity among college-aged females. A multistage stratified cluster random sample was used to select 907 healthy females from a major Saudi public university. The Stunkard Figure Rating Scale (FRS) was used for body size assessment. Overweight/obesity classification was based on BMI less than or equal to/greater than 25 kg/m2 . Overweight plus obesity prevalence was 28.1%. There were significant differences between females with overweight/obesity and those without overweight/obesity in both perceived and desired body size scores...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887999/adipose-tissue-secreted-factors-alter-bladder-cancer-cell-migration
#14
Nisha Hariharan, Keith A Ashcraft, Robert S Svatek, Carolina B Livi, Desiree Wilson, Dharam Kaushik, Robin J Leach, Teresa L Johnson-Pais
Background: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer recurrence. This study investigated the role of adipose tissue in bladder cancer progression. Methods: Gene expression profiling was performed on adipose tissues collected from normal weight ( n =5), overweight ( n =11), and obese ( n =10) patients with invasive bladder cancer, and adipose stromal cells (ASCs) were obtained from two normal weight, two overweight, and two obese patients. Conditioned media (CM) was characterized and evaluated for its effects on the proliferation, migration, and invasive potential of T24 bladder cancer cells...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29887998/effects-of-6-months-of-active-commuting-and-leisure-time-exercise-on-fibrin-turnover-in-sedentary-individuals-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Anne Sofie Gram, Martin Bæk Petersen, Jonas Salling Quist, Mads Rosenkilde, Bente Stallknecht, Else-Marie Bladbjerg
Obesity and exercise constitute important factors for cardiovascular disease risk, but the long-term effects of different exercise modalities on haemostatic biomarkers are not well elucidated. We investigated the effects of 6 months of active commuting or leisure-time exercise on measures of fibrin turnover in individuals who are overweight and obese. Ninety younger (20-40 years), sedentary, healthy women and men who are overweight and obese (BMI: 25-35 kg/m2 ) were randomised to 6 months of habitual lifestyle (CON, n =16), active commuting (BIKE, n =19), or leisure-time exercise of moderate (MOD, ∼50% VO2 peak reserve, n =31) or vigorous intensity (VIG, ∼70% VO2 peak reserve, n =24)...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854439/mechanism-underlying-tissue-cryotherapy-to-combat-obesity-overweight-triggering-thermogenesis
#16
Suvaddhana Loap, Richard Lathe
Background: Local adipose tissue (AT) cooling is used to manage obesity and overweight, but the mechanism is unclear. The current view is that acute local cooling of AT induces adipocyte cell disruption and inflammation ("cryolipolysis") that lead to adipocyte cell death, with loss of subcutaneous fat being recorded over a prolonged period of weeks/months. A contrasting view is that AT loss via targeted cryotherapy might be mediated by thermogenic fat metabolism without cell disruption...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854438/the-boss-healthy-buddies-nutrition-resource-is-effective-for-elementary-school-students
#17
David W Pittman, Ida R Bland, Isai D Cabrera, Kassie E Franck, Emily L Perkins, Nicole A Schmidt, Heather N Allen, Savanah R Atkins, Sharyn B Pittman
Previously we have shown that our Healthy Eating Decisions school-based intervention can influence students' selections of the healthiest foods available in their elementary school cafeterias through positive reinforcement techniques. Although effective, we recognized that students were missing fundamental nutrition knowledge necessary to understand why the Healthy Eating Decisions program identified particular beverages and foods as the healthiest in the cafeteria. Therefore, we developed the Boss' Healthy Buddies nutrition education resource as a freely available curriculum matched with South Carolina education standards and designed for elementary school students from kindergarten through fourth grade...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854437/associations-of-body-mass-index-motor-performance-and-perceived-athletic-competence-with-physical-activity-in-normal-weight-and-overweight-children
#18
Kyle M Morrison, John Cairney, Joe Eisenmann, Karin Pfeiffer, Dan Gould
Children who are overweight and obese display lower physical activity levels than normal weight peers. Measures of weight status, perceived motor competence, and motor skill performance have been identified as potential correlates explaining this discrepancy. 1881 children (955 males; 926 females; 9.9 years) were assessed as part of the Physical Health Activity Study Team project. The age, habitual physical activity participation (PAP), body mass index (BMI), socioeconomic status (SES), motor performance (MP), and perceived athletic competence (PAC) of each child included were assessed...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854436/is-there-association-between-vitamin-d-concentrations-and-body-mass-index-variation-in-women-submitted-to-y-roux-surgery
#19
Maria Tereza A Dos Santos, Fabiola Isabel Suano-Souza, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Marise Lazaretti-Castro, Roseli Oselka Saccardo Sarni
Objective: To evaluate vitamin D deficiency and body composition of women submitted to bariatric surgery and relate their body mass index variation after surgery to 25(OH)D concentrations. Method: A cross-sectional and controlled study was performed including 49 obese adult volunteer women, submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB group). Collected Data: Body mass index (BMI), self-declared ethnicity, economic condition, physical activity level, serum concentrations of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D; radioimmunoassay), parathormone, and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (Hologic DXA-QDR-1000) were collected...
2018: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29854435/-fto-rs9939609-does-not-interact-with-physical-exercise-but-influences-basal-insulin-metabolism-in-brazilian-overweight-and-obese-adolescents
#20
Gabrielle Araujo do Nascimento, Neiva Leite, Lupe Furtado-Alle, Mayza Dalcin Teixeira, Ricardo Lehtonen Rodrigues de Souza, Gerusa Eisfeld Milano, Larissa Rosa da Silva, Juliana Pizzi, Wendell Arthur Lopes, Maria de Fátima Aguiar Lopes, Ana Cláudia Kapp Titski, Luciane Viater Tureck
Purpose: The rs9939609 SNP (T > A) in FTO gene is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. The present study aimed at verifying whether this SNP influenced biochemical outcomes of children and adolescents who are overweight/obese submitted to a program of physical exercise and also if there was influence on basal levels of these biochemical variables. Methods: The sample was composed by 432 children and adolescents grouped in three ways (obese, overweight, and normal weight); of these, 135 children and adoloescents who are obese and overweight were submitted to a physical exercise program for 12 weeks...
2018: Journal of Obesity
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