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Journal of Obesity

Asma Deeb, Salima Attia, Samia Mahmoud, Ghada Elhaj, Abubaker Elfatih
Introduction: Obesity is a worldwide concern. It is associated with morbidity such as dyslipidemia and liver disease. Childhood obesity has dramatically increased, particularly in the Gulf region. We aim to assess the prevalence of dyslipidemia and fatty liver disease (FLD) in overweight and obese children and analyze the association between different anthropometric measures with dyslipidemia and fatty liver disease. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted on children referred with obesity...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Michael Horkoff, Kieran Purich, Noah Switzer, Shalvin Prasad, Neal Church, Xinzhe Shi, Philip Mitchell, Estifanos Debru, Shahzeer Karmali, Richdeep Gill
The laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is prone to a number of complications, most notably at the gastrojejunostomy (GJ) staple line. The circular stapler technique is a common method used to create the GJ anastomosis. Although recent studies have shown a decreased rate of anastomotic strictures with shorter stapler heights, the optimal circular stapler height to use remains controversial. We therefore completed a retrospective cohort study within the Alberta Provincial Bariatric Program (APBP) to compare outcomes between the 3...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Lucine Francis, Lara Shodeinde, Maureen M Black, Jerilyn Allen
Childhood obesity is a major public health concern in the US. More than a third of young children 2-5 years old are placed in nonrelative child care for the majority of the day, making the child care setting an important venue to spearhead obesity prevention. Much of the obesity research in child care has focused on center-based facilities, with emerging research on Family Child Care Homes (FCCHs)-child care operated in a home setting outside the child's home. The purpose of this review was to assess the obesogenic attributes of the FCCH environment...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Jürgen Harreiter, Karin Schindler, Dagmar Bancher-Todesca, Christian Göbl, Felix Langer, Gerhard Prager, Alois Gessl, Michael Leutner, Bernhard Ludvik, Anton Luger, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer, Michael Krebs
The prevalence of obesity is growing worldwide, and strategies to overcome this epidemic need to be developed urgently. Bariatric surgery is a very effective treatment option to reduce excess weight and often performed in women of reproductive age. Weight loss influences fertility positively and can resolve hormonal imbalance. So far, guidelines suggest conceiving after losing maximum weight and thus recommend conception at least 12-24 months after surgery. As limited data of these suggestions exist, further evidence is urgently needed as well for weight gain in pregnancy...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Jumanah Albeeybe, Abdulaziz Alomer, Tasneem Alahmari, Nawal Asiri, Reema Alajaji, Reem Almassoud, Hazzaa M Al-Hazzaa
The aim of the study was to investigate the associations between perceived and desired body size and overweight and obesity among college-aged females. A multistage stratified cluster random sample was used to select 907 healthy females from a major Saudi public university. The Stunkard Figure Rating Scale (FRS) was used for body size assessment. Overweight/obesity classification was based on BMI less than or equal to/greater than 25 kg/m2 . Overweight plus obesity prevalence was 28.1%. There were significant differences between females with overweight/obesity and those without overweight/obesity in both perceived and desired body size scores...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Nisha Hariharan, Keith A Ashcraft, Robert S Svatek, Carolina B Livi, Desiree Wilson, Dharam Kaushik, Robin J Leach, Teresa L Johnson-Pais
Background: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer recurrence. This study investigated the role of adipose tissue in bladder cancer progression. Methods: Gene expression profiling was performed on adipose tissues collected from normal weight ( n =5), overweight ( n =11), and obese ( n =10) patients with invasive bladder cancer, and adipose stromal cells (ASCs) were obtained from two normal weight, two overweight, and two obese patients. Conditioned media (CM) was characterized and evaluated for its effects on the proliferation, migration, and invasive potential of T24 bladder cancer cells...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Anne Sofie Gram, Martin Bæk Petersen, Jonas Salling Quist, Mads Rosenkilde, Bente Stallknecht, Else-Marie Bladbjerg
Obesity and exercise constitute important factors for cardiovascular disease risk, but the long-term effects of different exercise modalities on haemostatic biomarkers are not well elucidated. We investigated the effects of 6 months of active commuting or leisure-time exercise on measures of fibrin turnover in individuals who are overweight and obese. Ninety younger (20-40 years), sedentary, healthy women and men who are overweight and obese (BMI: 25-35 kg/m2 ) were randomised to 6 months of habitual lifestyle (CON, n =16), active commuting (BIKE, n =19), or leisure-time exercise of moderate (MOD, ∼50% VO2 peak reserve, n =31) or vigorous intensity (VIG, ∼70% VO2 peak reserve, n =24)...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Suvaddhana Loap, Richard Lathe
Background: Local adipose tissue (AT) cooling is used to manage obesity and overweight, but the mechanism is unclear. The current view is that acute local cooling of AT induces adipocyte cell disruption and inflammation ("cryolipolysis") that lead to adipocyte cell death, with loss of subcutaneous fat being recorded over a prolonged period of weeks/months. A contrasting view is that AT loss via targeted cryotherapy might be mediated by thermogenic fat metabolism without cell disruption...
2018: Journal of Obesity
David W Pittman, Ida R Bland, Isai D Cabrera, Kassie E Franck, Emily L Perkins, Nicole A Schmidt, Heather N Allen, Savanah R Atkins, Sharyn B Pittman
Previously we have shown that our Healthy Eating Decisions school-based intervention can influence students' selections of the healthiest foods available in their elementary school cafeterias through positive reinforcement techniques. Although effective, we recognized that students were missing fundamental nutrition knowledge necessary to understand why the Healthy Eating Decisions program identified particular beverages and foods as the healthiest in the cafeteria. Therefore, we developed the Boss' Healthy Buddies nutrition education resource as a freely available curriculum matched with South Carolina education standards and designed for elementary school students from kindergarten through fourth grade...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Kyle M Morrison, John Cairney, Joe Eisenmann, Karin Pfeiffer, Dan Gould
Children who are overweight and obese display lower physical activity levels than normal weight peers. Measures of weight status, perceived motor competence, and motor skill performance have been identified as potential correlates explaining this discrepancy. 1881 children (955 males; 926 females; 9.9 years) were assessed as part of the Physical Health Activity Study Team project. The age, habitual physical activity participation (PAP), body mass index (BMI), socioeconomic status (SES), motor performance (MP), and perceived athletic competence (PAC) of each child included were assessed...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Maria Tereza A Dos Santos, Fabiola Isabel Suano-Souza, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Marise Lazaretti-Castro, Roseli Oselka Saccardo Sarni
Objective: To evaluate vitamin D deficiency and body composition of women submitted to bariatric surgery and relate their body mass index variation after surgery to 25(OH)D concentrations. Method: A cross-sectional and controlled study was performed including 49 obese adult volunteer women, submitted to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB group). Collected Data: Body mass index (BMI), self-declared ethnicity, economic condition, physical activity level, serum concentrations of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D; radioimmunoassay), parathormone, and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (Hologic DXA-QDR-1000) were collected...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Gabrielle Araujo do Nascimento, Neiva Leite, Lupe Furtado-Alle, Mayza Dalcin Teixeira, Ricardo Lehtonen Rodrigues de Souza, Gerusa Eisfeld Milano, Larissa Rosa da Silva, Juliana Pizzi, Wendell Arthur Lopes, Maria de Fátima Aguiar Lopes, Ana Cláudia Kapp Titski, Luciane Viater Tureck
Purpose: The rs9939609 SNP (T > A) in FTO gene is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes. The present study aimed at verifying whether this SNP influenced biochemical outcomes of children and adolescents who are overweight/obese submitted to a program of physical exercise and also if there was influence on basal levels of these biochemical variables. Methods: The sample was composed by 432 children and adolescents grouped in three ways (obese, overweight, and normal weight); of these, 135 children and adoloescents who are obese and overweight were submitted to a physical exercise program for 12 weeks...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Jessica Rieder, Agnieszka Cain, Erica Carson, Andrea Benya, Paul Meissner, Carmen R Isasi, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Neal Hoffman, Colleen Kelly, Ellen J Silver, Laurie J Bauman
Effective obesity prevention and treatment interventions are lacking in the United States, especially for impoverished minority youths at risk for health disparities, and especially in accessible community-based settings. We describe the launch and pilot implementation evaluation of the first year of the B'N Fit POWER initiative as a middle school-based comprehensive wellness program that integrates weight management programming into existing onsite preventive and clinical services. Consistent with the existing implementation science literature, we focused on both the organizational structures that facilitate communication and the development of trust among stakeholders, students, and families and the development of realistic and timely goals to implement and integrate all aspects of the program...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Furong Xu, Mary L Greaney, Steven A Cohen, Deborah Riebe, Geoffrey W Greene
The association between adolescents' weight perception and their physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors remains unclear. Therefore, these associations were explored using data from 2438 adolescents aged 12-19 years who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination 2011-2014 Survey. Respondents reported weight perception, and their weight perception accuracy was determined by examining whether the measured weight and perceived weight were concordant. Respondents also reported sedentary time (sitting time and screen time), PA, and intention to lose weight...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Jacqueline Panter, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen, Arja R Aro, Anastasia Samara
Aim: Effective evidence-based interventions have an important role in obesity prevention. Our aim was to present a qualitative synthesis of setting-based health promotion interventions on obesity, from Nordic countries and the Netherlands. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was completed for studies in the community, schools, and worksite, with BMI as an outcome. A descriptive analysis was completed for all full-text articles meeting the inclusion criteria...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Jenna Taylor, Shelley E Keating, David J Holland, Jeff S Coombes, Michael D Leveritt
Single bouts of acute exercise do not appear to increase subsequent energy intake (EI), even when energy deficit is large. However, studies have shown a compensatory effect on EI following chronic exercise, and it remains unclear whether this is affected by exercise intensity. We investigated the chronic effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and sprint interval training (SIT) on EI when compared with moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) or no exercise (CON). Databases were searched until 13 March 2017 for studies measuring EI in response to chronic exercise (≥4 weeks of duration) of a high-intensity interval nature...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Noor Shafina Mohd Nor, Hanis Saimin, Thuhairah Rahman, Suraya Abdul Razak, Nadzimah Mohd Nasir, Zaliha Ismail, Hapizah Mohd Nawawi
Objective: There is limited data comparing prothrombogenic or fibrinolysis biomarkers (tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1)) simultaneously in subjects with Metabolic Syndrome (MS), simple central obesity without MS (COB) and normal controls (NC). We investigated the concentrations of fibrinolysis biomarkers in subjects with MS, COB and NC. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 503 drug naive subjects (163 males, aged 30-65 years old (mean age ± SD = 47...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Katherine Habenicht Yancey, Lauren Katherine McCormack, Stephen Samuel McNatt, Myron Sheavictor Powell, Adolfo Zachariah Fernandez, Carl Joseph Westcott
Background: Laparoscopic-assisted transgastric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (LAERCP) is used for treatment in patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), where transoral access to the biliary tree is not possible. We describe our technique and experience with this procedure. Methods: Electronic medical record search was performed from September 2012 to January 2016, identifying patients who underwent LAERCP per operative records. Charts were reviewed for demographic, clinical, and outcomes data...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Abdulaziz Farooq, Ann-Marie Gibson, John J Reilly, Nadia Gaoua
Objective: To examine the association between obesity and cognitive function in healthy premenopausal women. Methods: From a cohort of 220 women, 98 were randomly selected that provided complete data. Body composition was examined by dual-energy X-ray scan. All participants completed the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) to assess cognitive performance in three domains: attention, memory, and planning executive function. The Reaction Time (RTI) test was used to assess motor and mental response speeds; the Stockings of Cambridge (SOC) test was used to assess planning executive function...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Nathan R West, James Dorling, Alice E Thackray, Nicola C Hanson, Samantha E Decombel, David J Stensel, Stuart J Grice
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the fat mass and obesity-associated ( FTO ) locus are associated with obesity, but lifestyle factors may modulate the obesity risk related to FTO . This study examined the physical activity and dietary patterns of 528 physically active white men and women (mean (SD): 34.9 (9.5) years, 26.6 (4.3) kg·m-2 ) carrying different risk variants of FTO SNP rs9939609. Sex, age, and anthropometric measurements (stature, body mass, and waist circumference) were self-reported using an online questionnaire, and body mass index and waist-to-height ratio were calculated...
2018: Journal of Obesity
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