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Journal of Obesity

Scott V Monte, Kristen M Russo, Esra Mustafa, Joseph A Caruana
Background: Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) has become the primary bariatric surgery procedure in the U.S. Over 50% of people presenting for surgery have psychiatric diagnoses. The study purpose was to evaluate change in anxiety and depression symptoms and medication use after SG. Methods: Subjects completing SG with a diagnosis of anxiety and/or depression treated with medication were retrospectively identified from the electronic medical record (EMR) of Synergy Bariatrics, a department of the Erie County Medical Center...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Kristin E Finn, Myles S Faith, Young S Seo
Purpose: Research has documented an inverse relationship between body mass index (BMI) and school achievement but has failed to empirically explain it. We tested whether this association among adolescents can be explained in part by student engagement. Methods: A self-report survey about health and school behaviors was completed by 196 high school students; BMI and achievement data were obtained from school records. Three forms of engagement were assessed: behavioral, presenteeism, and affective...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Konstantinos Perivoliotis, Eleni Sioka, Georgia Katsogridaki, Dimitrios Zacharoulis
Introduction: A meta-analysis was conducted in order to provide an up-to-date comparison of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) and laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) for morbid obesity. Materials and Methods: The PRISMA guidelines and the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions were used for the conduction of this study. A systematic literature search was performed in the electronic databases (MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and Web of Science and Scopus)...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Jash S Parikh, Arshdeep K Randhawa, Sean Wharton, Heather Edgell, Jennifer L Kuk
Introduction: One in three US adults is living with obesity or hypertension, and more than 75% of hypertensive individuals are using antihypertensive medications. Therefore, it is important to examine blood pressure (BP) differences in populations that are using these medications with differing obesity status. Aim: We examined whether BP attained when using various antihypertensive medications varies amongst different body mass index (BMI) categories and whether antihypertensive medication use is associated with differences in other metabolic risk factors, independent of BMI...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Abigail M Pauley, Emily Hohman, Jennifer S Savage, Daniel E Rivera, Penghong Guo, Krista S Leonard, Danielle Symons Downs
High gestational weight gain (GWG) in overweight/obese pregnant women increases maternal-fetal complications. We conducted a 6-week GWG intervention based on an energy balance model that includes theories of planned behavior (TPB) and self-regulation constructs to promote exercise and healthy eating motivation and behaviors. The purposes of this proof-of-concept feasibility study were to examine: (1) the energy balance model constructs over the intervention, and (2) pre-post intervention, weekly, and dose-response changes in study constructs...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Kristine Coleman, Nicola D Robertson, Adriane Maier, Cynthia L Bethea
Macaques have served as effective models of human disease, including pathological processes associated with obesity and the metabolic syndrome. This study approached several questions: (1) does a western-style diet (WSD) contribute to sedentary behavior or is sedentary behavior a consequence of obesity and (2) does estradiol (E) hormone therapy offset WSD or ameliorate sedentary behavior? We further questioned whether the timing of E administration (immediately following hysterectomy, ImE; or after a 2-year delay, DE) would impact behavior...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Elliot D K Cha, Yogasudha Veturi, Chirag Agarwal, Aalpen Patel, Mohammad R Arbabshirani, Sarah A Pendergrass
The location and type of adipose tissue is an important factor in metabolic syndrome. A database of picture archiving and communication system (PACS) derived abdominal computerized tomography (CT) images from a large health care provider, Geisinger, was used for large-scale research of the relationship of volume of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) with obesity-related diseases and clinical laboratory measures. Using a "greedy snake" algorithm and 2,545 CT images from the Geisinger PACS, we measured levels of VAT, SAT, total adipose tissue (TAT), and adipose ratio volumes...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Nihaya A Al-Sheyab, Tamer Gharaibeh, Khalid Kheirallah
Background: The prevalence of disordered eating behaviors (DEBs) have increased worldwide. It is estimated that about 31.6% of Jordanian adolescents developed DEB. Engaging in peer groups is a prominent event in which adolescents try to belong to peers as part of exploring their social identity. Purpose: To assess the relationship between risk of eating disorders and peer pressure among adolescents. Methods: A descriptive, correlational, cross-sectional design utilized multistage cluster sampling technique was used to recruit students from 8th to 10th grades from both sexes from schools in northern Jordan...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Yen-Yi Juo, Melinda A Maggard Gibbons, Erik Dutson, Anne Y Lin, Jane Yanagawa, O Joe Hines, Guido Eibl, Yijun Chen
Background: Although it is well known that obesity is a risk factor for gastrointestinal (GI) cancer, it is not well established if obesity can cause earlier GI cancer onset. Methods: A cross-sectional study examining the linked 2004-2008 California Cancer Registry Patient Discharge Database was performed to evaluate the association between obesity and onset age among four gastrointestinal cancers, including esophageal, gastric, pancreatic, and colorectal cancers...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Roger Noun, Rita Slim, Ghassan Chakhtoura, Joseph Gharios, Elie Chouillard, Carla Tohmé-Noun
Background: Revisional surgery is becoming a common and challenging practice in bariatric centers. The aim of this study was to evaluate resectional one anastomosis gastric bypass/mini gastric bypass (R-OAGB/MGB) as a revisional procedure. Methods: From January 2016 to February 2017, data on 21 consecutive patients undergoing R-OAGB/MGB for weight loss failure after primary restrictive procedures were prospectively collected and analysed. Results: Mean age was 39 ± 12 years (18-65), and 11 (52...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Fredirick L Mashili, Kaushik Ramaiya, Janet Lutale, Marina Njelekela, Filbert Francis, Juleen Zierath, Anna Krook
Background: Fibroblast growth factor-21 is an endocrine regulator with therapeutic and diagnostic potential. The levels and pattern of circulating FGF-21 have been described mainly in European and Asian populations. Given its strong association with adiposity, and the reported ethnic variabilities in body composition, examining FGF-21 in an African population is crucial. Methods: We measured levels of circulating FGF-21 in 207 overweight and obese Tanzanian males with or without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and using statistical approaches, we explored their relationship with anthropometric and biochemical parameters...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Wasantha Jayawardene, Stephanie Dickinson, David Lohrmann, Jon Agley
Objective: To determine whether arm circumference-to-height ratio (AHtR) predicts adolescents' cardiometabolic risk and how its predictive statistics compare to those of body mass index (BMI) percentile. Methods: Pooled data for adolescents ( N  = 12,269, 12-18 years) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, U.S., 1999-2014, were analyzed. For each of the eight cardiometabolic variables, borderline-risk and high-risk were considered unhealthy, and being unhealthy on any variable was considered "unhealthy overall" in terms of cardiometabolic risk...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Cézane P Reuter, Elza D de Mello, Priscila T da Silva, Tássia S Borges, Elisa I Klinger, Silvia I R Franke, Andréia R de M Valim
Studies focused on the mechanisms involved in the development of obesity in children and adolescents have reported associations between this condition and birth weight, sedentary lifestyle, and hereditary conditions. However, few studies have simultaneously evaluated these factors. This cross-sectional study aims to identify demographic, behavioral, and biological factors associated with overweight/obesity in children and adolescents. 381 schoolchildren aged seven to 17 years were included in the study to evaluate the associations between overweight/obesity and biological factors (including family history of obesity, birth weight, and the fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) rs9939609 polymorphism), demographic variables (including gender and age), and behavioral variables (including physical activity and/or sports participation)...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Soheir H Ahmed, Haakon E Meyer, Marte K Kjøllesdal, Ahmed A Madar
Background and Aim: The knowledge about the health status of Somalis in Norway and Somaliland is limited. This paper reports the results of a comparative study on the prevalence and predictors of overweight/obesity among Somalis in Norway and Somaliland. Method: We conducted two cross-sectional studies using the same tools and procedures, between 2015 and 2016. The study population was adults aged 20-69 years ( n =1110 (Somaliland) and n =220 (Norway)). Results: The prevalence of obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2 ) was 44% and 31% in women in Norway and Somaliland, respectively...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Cathrine Lawaetz Wimmelmann, Emilie Rune Hegelund, Anna Paldam Folker, Emilie Just-Østergaard, Merete Osler, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Trine Flensborg-Madsen
Objectives: The objectives of the current study were to prospectively investigate the predictive value of the vitality scale of the Short Form Health Survey for changes in body mass index and development of obesity. Methods: The study population comprised 2864 (81.5%) men and 648 (18.5%) women from the Metropolit Project and the Danish Longitudinal Study on Work, Unemployment and Health, who participated in a follow-up examination in 2009-2011 corresponding to a follow-up period of 3-7 years...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Simin Mouodi, Seyed Reza Hosseini, Reza Ghadimi, Ali Bijani, Robert Graham Cumming, Hassan Ashrafian Amiri, Fatemeh Bayani, Shima Sum
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the current situation of lifestyle behaviors and related outcomes, as the first step to make proper local health policies for improvement of health lifestyle behaviors. Materials and Methods: This analytic research has been conducted as a cross-sectional study on the middle-aged (40-60 years old) population of Amirkola, Northern Iran. The Persian translation of the Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II questionnaire and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire were used for data collection...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Nir Y Krakauer, Jesse C Krakauer
Independent indices (height, body mass index, a body shape index, and hip index) derived from basic anthropometrics have been found to be powerful predictors of mortality hazard, especially when the attributable risks are summed over these indices to give an anthropometric risk index (ARI). The metabolic syndrome (MS) is defined based on the co-occurrence of anthropometric, clinical, and laboratory criteria and is also widely employed for evaluating disease risk. Here, we investigate correlations between ARI and MS in a general population sample, the United States Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Isabelle Morin, Catherine Bégin, Julie Maltais-Giguère, Alexandra Bédard, André Tchernof, Simone Lemieux
Weight loss has been associated with changes in eating behaviors and appetite sensations that favor a regain in body weight. Since traditional weight loss approaches emphasize the importance of increasing cognitive dietary restraint (CDR) to achieve negative energy imbalance, it is difficult to untangle the respective contributions of energy restriction and increases in CDR on factors that can eventually lead to body weight regain. The present study aimed at comparing the effects of energy restriction alone or in combination with experimentally induced CDR on eating behavior traits, appetite sensations, and markers of stress in overweight and obese women...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Giuseppe Labruna, Fabrizio Pasanisi, Giuliana Fortunato, Carmela Nardelli, Carmine Finelli, Eduardo Farinaro, Franco Contaldo, Lucia Sacchetti
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2011/269043.].
2018: Journal of Obesity
Angela S Alberga, Lindsay McLaren, Shelly Russell-Mayhew, Kristin M von Ranson
Very little attention has been given to unintended consequences of government reporting on obesity. This paper argues that the 2016 Senate report, "Obesity in Canada: A Whole-Of-Society Approach," exemplifies the systemic public health issue of weight stigma. The purpose of this viewpoint is to critique the approach taken in the Report, by illustrating that it (1) takes a weight-centric approach to health, (2) does not acknowledge important limitations of the definition and measurement of obesity, (3) reifies obesity as a categorical phenomenon that must be prevented, and (4) uses aggressive framing and disrespectful terminology...
2018: Journal of Obesity
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