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Journal of Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491474/the-role-of-race-and-gender-in-nutrition-habits-and-self-efficacy-results-from-the-young-adult-weight-loss-study
#1
Janna D Stephens, Andrew Althouse, Alai Tan, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
Overweight and obesity are a massive public health problem and young adults are at high risk for gaining weight once they enter a college. This study sought to examine gender and race as they relate to nutrition habits and self-efficacy in a population of diverse young adults from the Young Adult Weight Loss Study. Participants (N = 62) were 29% males, 38.7% white, 33.8% Asian, and 12.9% African American. Males had lower self-efficacy for healthy eating (mean score = 92.5, SD = 17.1) compared to females (mean = 102...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480078/web-based-interventions-alone-or-supplemented-with-peer-led-support-or-professional-email-counseling-for-weight-loss-and-weight-maintenance-in-women-from-rural-communities-results-of-a-clinical-trial
#2
Patricia A Hageman, Carol H Pullen, Melody Hertzog, Bunny Pozehl, Christine Eisenhauer, Linda S Boeckner
Objective. This trial compared the effectiveness of a web-based only (WO) intervention with web-based supplemented by peer-led discussion (WD) or professional email counseling (WE) across 3 phases to achieve weight loss and weight maintenance in women from underserved rural communities. Methods. 301 women (BMI of 28-45 kg/m(2)) randomly assigned to groups participated in guided weight loss (baseline to 6 months), guided weight loss and maintenance (6 to 18 months), and self-managed weight maintenance (18 to 30 months)...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386478/changes-in-the-microrna-profile-observed-in-the-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-of-obese-patients-after-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding
#3
Carmela Nardelli, Laura Iaffaldano, Vincenzo Pilone, Giuseppe Labruna, Maddalena Ferrigno, Nicola Carlomagno, Concetta Anna Dodaro, Pietro Forestieri, Pasqualina Buono, Francesco Salvatore, Lucia Sacchetti
Background. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) results in significant lasting weight loss and improved metabolism in obese patients. To evaluate whether epigenetic factors could concur to these benefits, we investigated the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) microRNA (miRNA) profile before (T0) and three years (T1) after LAGB in three morbidly obese women. Case Reports. SAT miRNA profiling, evaluated by TaqMan Array, showed four downexpressed (miR-519d, miR-299-5p, miR-212, and miR-671-3p) and two upexpressed (miR-370 and miR-487a) miRNAs at T1 versus T0...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367326/-culture-is-so-interspersed-child-minders-and-health-workers-perceptions-of-childhood-obesity-in-south-africa
#4
Roger Figueroa, Jaclyn Saltzman, Jessica Jarick Metcalfe, Angela Wiley
Introduction. Forty-one million children globally are overweight or obese, with most rapid rate increases among low- and middle-income nations. Child-minders and health workers play a crucial role in obesity prevention efforts, but their perceptions of childhood obesity in low- and middle-income countries are poorly understood. This study aims to (1) explore child-minders and health workers' perceptions of the causes, consequences, potential strategies, and barriers for childhood obesity prevention and intervention in Cape Town, South Africa and (2) to provisionally test the fit of a socioecological framework to explain these perceptions...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367325/association-between-sleep-habits-and-metabolically-healthy-obesity-in-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Thirumagal Kanagasabai, Ramandeep Dhanoa, Jennifer L Kuk, Chris I Ardern
Higher body mass index (BMI) increases the risk of cardiometabolic diseases, but nearly a third of the people living with obesity (BMI: ≥30 kg/m(2)) are metabolically healthy (MHO). Extreme sleep durations and poor sleep quality are associated with higher bodyweight and cardiometabolic dysfunction, but the full extent to which sleep habits may help differentiate those with MHO versus metabolically abnormal obesity (MAO) is not yet known. Data from the U.S. National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2005-08 was used (BMI: ≥30 kg/m(2); ≥20 y; N = 1,777)...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352473/ethnic-differences-in-risk-factors-for-obesity-among-adults-in-california-the-united-states
#6
Liang Wang, Jodi Southerland, Kesheng Wang, Beth A Bailey, Arsham Alamian, Marc A Stevens, Youfa Wang
Little attention has been given to differences in obesity risk factors by racial/ethnic groups. Using data from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey, we examined differences in risk factors for obesity among Whites, Latinos, Asians, and African Americans among 42,935 adults (24.8% obese). Estimates were weighted to ensure an unbiased representation of the Californian population. Multiple logistic and linear regression analyses were used to examine the differences in risk factors for obesity. Large ethnic disparities were found in obesity prevalence: Whites (22...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348886/values-norms-and-peer-effects-on-weight-status
#7
Peng Nie, Wencke Gwozdz, Lucia Reisch, Alfonso Sousa-Poza
This study uses data from the European Social Survey in order to test the Prinstein-Dodge hypothesis that posits that peer effects may be larger in collectivistic than in individualistic societies. When defining individualism and collectivism at the country level, our results show that peer effects on obesity are indeed larger in collectivistic than in individualistic societies. However, when defining individualism and collectivism with individual values based on the Shalom Schwartz universal values theory, we find little support for this hypothesis...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326193/associations-of-diabetes-and-obesity-with-risk-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-men
#8
Lu Wang, Luc Djousse, Yiqing Song, Akintunde O Akinkuolie, Chisa Matsumoto, JoAnn E Manson, J Michael Gaziano, Howard D Sesso
Background. The associations of diabetes and obesity with the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) are inconclusive in previous studies. Subjects/Methods. We conducted prospective analysis in the Physicians' Health Study. Among 25,554 male physicians aged ≥ 50 years who reported no AAA at baseline, 471 reported a newly diagnosed AAA during a mean of 10.4 years' follow-up. Results. Compared with men who had baseline body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m(2), the multivariable hazard ratio (HR [95% CI]) of newly diagnosed AAA was 1...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299203/outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-morbidly-obese-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Kalman Bencsath, Adham Jammoul, Ali Aminian, Hideharu Shimizu, Carolyn J Fisher, Philip R Schauer, Alexander Rae-Grant, Stacy A Brethauer
Obesity is common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS); however, safety and efficacy of bariatric surgery in this population remain unclear. A database of 2,918 was retrospectively reviewed, yielding 22 (0.75%) severely obese patients with MS who underwent bariatric surgery. Sixteen surgical patients with complete follow-up data were matched to a nonsurgical control group of MS patients, based on age, BMI, MS subtype, and length of follow-up. MS relapse rates and trends in the timed twenty-five foot walk test (T25FW) were compared...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293435/interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-and-interleukin-4-genes-variable-number-tandem-repeats-are-associated-with-adiposity-in-malaysian-subjects
#10
Yung-Yean Kok, Hing-Huat Ong, Yee-How Say
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL1RA) intron 2 86 bp repeat and interleukin-4 (IL4) intron 3 70 bp repeat are variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) that have been associated with various diseases, but their role in obesity is elusive. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of IL1RA and IL4 VNTRs with obesity and adiposity in 315 Malaysian subjects (128 M/187 F; 23 Malays/251 ethnic Chinese/41 ethnic Indians). The allelic distributions of IL1RA and IL4 were significantly different among ethnicities, and the alleles were associated with total body fat (TBF) classes...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261497/integrated-approaches-for-the-management-of-staple-line-leaks-following-sleeve-gastrectomy
#11
Mauro Montuori, Domenico Benavoli, Stefano D'Ugo, Luca Di Benedetto, Emanuela Bianciardi, Achille L Gaspari, Paolo Gentileschi
Introduction. Aim of the study was trying to draw a final flow chart for the management of gastric leaks after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, based on the review of our cases over 10 years' experience. Material and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent LSG as a primary operation at the Bariatric Unit of Tor Vergata University Hospital in Rome from 2007 to 2015. Results. Patients included in the study were 418. There were 6 staple line leaks (1.44%). All patients with diagnosis of a leak were initially discharged home in good clinical conditions and then returned to A&E because of the complication...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261496/the-effect-of-early-life-factors-and-early-interventions-on-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-2016
#12
EDITORIAL
Li Ming Wen, Chris Rissel, Gengsheng He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250984/excess-body-mass-index-loss-at-3-months-a-predictive-factor-of-long-term-result-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#13
Guillaume Philouze, Eglantine Voitellier, Laurence Lacaze, Emmanuel Huet, Antoine Gancel, Gaëtan Prévost, Michael Bubenheim, Michel Scotté
Introduction. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) is considered as successful if the percentage of Excess Body Mass Index Loss (% EBMIL) remains constant over 50% with long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether early % EBMIL was predictive of success after SG. Methods. This retrospective study included patients who had SG with two years of follow-up. Patients had follow-up appointments at 3 (M3), 6, 12, and 24 months (M24). Data as weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) were collected systematically...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168051/effects-of-a-twelve-week-weight-reduction-exercise-programme-on-selected-spatiotemporal-gait-parameters-of-obese-individuals
#14
Joseph A Jegede, Babatunde O A Adegoke, Oladapo M Olagbegi
Objectives. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of twelve-week weight reduction exercises on selected spatiotemporal gait parameters of obese individuals and compare with their normal weight counterparts. Methods. Sixty participants (30 obese and 30 of normal weight) started but only 58 participants (obese = 30, normal weight = 28) completed the quasi-experimental study. Only obese group had 12 weeks of weight reduction exercise training but both groups had their walking speed (WS), cadence (CD), step length (SL), step width (SW), and stride length (SDL) measured at baseline and at the end of weeks 4, 8, and 12 of the study...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116151/objective-estimates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-among-young-adults
#15
Jessica L Unick, Wei Lang, Deborah F Tate, Dale S Bond, Mark A Espeland, Rena R Wing
Background. This study examines factors associated with physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) in young adults (18-35 years) and compares objective and subjective assessment measures of PA and SB. Methods. 595 young adults (27.7 ± 4.4 years; 25.5 ± 2.6 kg/m(2)) enrolled in the Study of Novel Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention (SNAP) trial. Hours/day spent in SB (<1.5 METs) and minutes/week spent in bout-related moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA; ≥3 METs and ≥10 min) were assessed using self-report and objective measures...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116150/acute-exercise-and-appetite-regulating-hormones-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Jessica Anne Douglas, Kevin Deighton, Jan Maria Atkinson, Vahid Sari-Sarraf, David John Stensel, Greg Atkinson
In lean individuals, acute aerobic exercise is reported to transiently suppress sensations of appetite, suppress blood concentrations of acylated ghrelin (AG), and increase glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide-YY (PYY). Findings in overweight/obese individuals have yet to be synthesised. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we quantified the effects that acute exercise has on AG and total PYY and GLP-1 in overweight/obese individuals. The potential for body mass index (BMI) to act as a moderator for AG was also explored...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116149/recommendations-and-improvements-for-the-evaluation-of-integrated-community-wide-interventions-approaches
#17
Tessa M van Koperen, Carry M Renders, Eline J M Spierings, Anna-Marie Hendriks, Marjan J Westerman, Jacob C Seidell, Albertine J Schuit
Background. Integrated community-wide intervention approaches (ICIAs) are implemented to prevent childhood obesity. Programme evaluation improves these ICIAs, but professionals involved often struggle with performance. Evaluation tools have been developed to support Dutch professionals involved in ICIAs. It is unclear how useful these tools are to intended users. We therefore researched the facilitators of and barriers to ICIA programme evaluation as perceived by professionals and their experiences of the evaluation tools...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116148/ferritin-is-a-marker-of-inflammation-rather-than-iron-deficiency-in-overweight-and-obese-people
#18
Abidullah Khan, Wazir Muhammad Khan, Maimoona Ayub, Mohammad Humayun, Mohammad Haroon
Background. In clinical practice, serum ferritin is used as a screening tool to detect iron deficiency. However, its reliability in obesity has been questioned. Objectives. To investigate the role of ferritin in overweight and obese people, either as a marker of inflammation or iron deficiency. Methods. On the basis of body mass index (BMI), 150 participants were divided into three equal groups: A: BMI 18.5-25 kg/m(2), B: BMI 25-30 kg/m(2), and C: BMI > 30 kg/m(2). Serum iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC), transferrin saturation, ferritin, C-reactive protein, and hemoglobin (Hb) were measured for each participant and analyzed through SPSS version 16...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101379/the-effect-of-eighteen-month-metformin-treatment-in-obese-adolescents-comparison-of-results-obtained-in-daily-practice-with-results-from-a-clinical-trial
#19
Marloes P van der Aa, Vera Hoving, Ewoudt M W van de Garde, Antonius de Boer, Catherijne A J Knibbe, Marja M J van der Vorst
Background. In a recent randomized controlled trial (RCT) in obese adolescents, 18 month-treatment with metformin versus placebo was reported to lead to stabilisation of the BMI. This study aimed to compare the effect of metformin on BMI in obese adolescents in daily practice versus results obtained in an RCT. Methods. Obese adolescents treated off label with metformin in daily practice in an outpatient clinic with a follow-up of ≥18 months were identified. Anthropometric and biochemical data were collected at baseline and at 18 months...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070419/lifestyle-modification-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-obesity
#20
EDITORIAL
Shirley Telles, Bangalore N Gangadhar, Kavita D Chandwani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Obesity
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