journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Obesity

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326193/associations-of-diabetes-and-obesity-with-risk-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-in-men
#1
Lu Wang, Luc Djousse, Yiqing Song, Akintunde O Akinkuolie, Chisa Matsumoto, JoAnn E Manson, J Michael Gaziano, Howard D Sesso
Background. The associations of diabetes and obesity with the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) are inconclusive in previous studies. Subjects/Methods. We conducted prospective analysis in the Physicians' Health Study. Among 25,554 male physicians aged ≥ 50 years who reported no AAA at baseline, 471 reported a newly diagnosed AAA during a mean of 10.4 years' follow-up. Results. Compared with men who had baseline body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m(2), the multivariable hazard ratio (HR [95% CI]) of newly diagnosed AAA was 1...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299203/outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-morbidly-obese-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Kalman Bencsath, Adham Jammoul, Ali Aminian, Hideharu Shimizu, Carolyn J Fisher, Philip R Schauer, Alexander Rae-Grant, Stacy A Brethauer
Obesity is common in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS); however, safety and efficacy of bariatric surgery in this population remain unclear. A database of 2,918 was retrospectively reviewed, yielding 22 (0.75%) severely obese patients with MS who underwent bariatric surgery. Sixteen surgical patients with complete follow-up data were matched to a nonsurgical control group of MS patients, based on age, BMI, MS subtype, and length of follow-up. MS relapse rates and trends in the timed twenty-five foot walk test (T25FW) were compared...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293435/interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-and-interleukin-4-genes-variable-number-tandem-repeats-are-associated-with-adiposity-in-malaysian-subjects
#3
Yung-Yean Kok, Hing-Huat Ong, Yee-How Say
Interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL1RA) intron 2 86 bp repeat and interleukin-4 (IL4) intron 3 70 bp repeat are variable number tandem repeats (VNTRs) that have been associated with various diseases, but their role in obesity is elusive. The objective of this study was to investigate the association of IL1RA and IL4 VNTRs with obesity and adiposity in 315 Malaysian subjects (128 M/187 F; 23 Malays/251 ethnic Chinese/41 ethnic Indians). The allelic distributions of IL1RA and IL4 were significantly different among ethnicities, and the alleles were associated with total body fat (TBF) classes...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261497/integrated-approaches-for-the-management-of-staple-line-leaks-following-sleeve-gastrectomy
#4
Mauro Montuori, Domenico Benavoli, Stefano D'Ugo, Luca Di Benedetto, Emanuela Bianciardi, Achille L Gaspari, Paolo Gentileschi
Introduction. Aim of the study was trying to draw a final flow chart for the management of gastric leaks after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, based on the review of our cases over 10 years' experience. Material and Methods. We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent LSG as a primary operation at the Bariatric Unit of Tor Vergata University Hospital in Rome from 2007 to 2015. Results. Patients included in the study were 418. There were 6 staple line leaks (1.44%). All patients with diagnosis of a leak were initially discharged home in good clinical conditions and then returned to A&E because of the complication...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261496/the-effect-of-early-life-factors-and-early-interventions-on-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-2016
#5
EDITORIAL
Li Ming Wen, Chris Rissel, Gengsheng He
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250984/excess-body-mass-index-loss-at-3-months-a-predictive-factor-of-long-term-result-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#6
Guillaume Philouze, Eglantine Voitellier, Laurence Lacaze, Emmanuel Huet, Antoine Gancel, Gaëtan Prévost, Michael Bubenheim, Michel Scotté
Introduction. Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (SG) is considered as successful if the percentage of Excess Body Mass Index Loss (% EBMIL) remains constant over 50% with long-term follow-up. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether early % EBMIL was predictive of success after SG. Methods. This retrospective study included patients who had SG with two years of follow-up. Patients had follow-up appointments at 3 (M3), 6, 12, and 24 months (M24). Data as weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) were collected systematically...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168051/effects-of-a-twelve-week-weight-reduction-exercise-programme-on-selected-spatiotemporal-gait-parameters-of-obese-individuals
#7
Joseph A Jegede, Babatunde O A Adegoke, Oladapo M Olagbegi
Objectives. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of twelve-week weight reduction exercises on selected spatiotemporal gait parameters of obese individuals and compare with their normal weight counterparts. Methods. Sixty participants (30 obese and 30 of normal weight) started but only 58 participants (obese = 30, normal weight = 28) completed the quasi-experimental study. Only obese group had 12 weeks of weight reduction exercise training but both groups had their walking speed (WS), cadence (CD), step length (SL), step width (SW), and stride length (SDL) measured at baseline and at the end of weeks 4, 8, and 12 of the study...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116151/objective-estimates-of-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-among-young-adults
#8
Jessica L Unick, Wei Lang, Deborah F Tate, Dale S Bond, Mark A Espeland, Rena R Wing
Background. This study examines factors associated with physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviors (SB) in young adults (18-35 years) and compares objective and subjective assessment measures of PA and SB. Methods. 595 young adults (27.7 ± 4.4 years; 25.5 ± 2.6 kg/m(2)) enrolled in the Study of Novel Approaches to Weight Gain Prevention (SNAP) trial. Hours/day spent in SB (<1.5 METs) and minutes/week spent in bout-related moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA (MVPA; ≥3 METs and ≥10 min) were assessed using self-report and objective measures...
2017: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116150/acute-exercise-and-appetite-regulating-hormones-in-overweight-and-obese-individuals-a-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Jessica Anne Douglas, Kevin Deighton, Jan Maria Atkinson, Vahid Sari-Sarraf, David John Stensel, Greg Atkinson
In lean individuals, acute aerobic exercise is reported to transiently suppress sensations of appetite, suppress blood concentrations of acylated ghrelin (AG), and increase glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide-YY (PYY). Findings in overweight/obese individuals have yet to be synthesised. In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we quantified the effects that acute exercise has on AG and total PYY and GLP-1 in overweight/obese individuals. The potential for body mass index (BMI) to act as a moderator for AG was also explored...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116149/recommendations-and-improvements-for-the-evaluation-of-integrated-community-wide-interventions-approaches
#10
Tessa M van Koperen, Carry M Renders, Eline J M Spierings, Anna-Marie Hendriks, Marjan J Westerman, Jacob C Seidell, Albertine J Schuit
Background. Integrated community-wide intervention approaches (ICIAs) are implemented to prevent childhood obesity. Programme evaluation improves these ICIAs, but professionals involved often struggle with performance. Evaluation tools have been developed to support Dutch professionals involved in ICIAs. It is unclear how useful these tools are to intended users. We therefore researched the facilitators of and barriers to ICIA programme evaluation as perceived by professionals and their experiences of the evaluation tools...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116148/ferritin-is-a-marker-of-inflammation-rather-than-iron-deficiency-in-overweight-and-obese-people
#11
Abidullah Khan, Wazir Muhammad Khan, Maimoona Ayub, Mohammad Humayun, Mohammad Haroon
Background. In clinical practice, serum ferritin is used as a screening tool to detect iron deficiency. However, its reliability in obesity has been questioned. Objectives. To investigate the role of ferritin in overweight and obese people, either as a marker of inflammation or iron deficiency. Methods. On the basis of body mass index (BMI), 150 participants were divided into three equal groups: A: BMI 18.5-25 kg/m(2), B: BMI 25-30 kg/m(2), and C: BMI > 30 kg/m(2). Serum iron, total iron binding capacity (TIBC), transferrin saturation, ferritin, C-reactive protein, and hemoglobin (Hb) were measured for each participant and analyzed through SPSS version 16...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101379/the-effect-of-eighteen-month-metformin-treatment-in-obese-adolescents-comparison-of-results-obtained-in-daily-practice-with-results-from-a-clinical-trial
#12
Marloes P van der Aa, Vera Hoving, Ewoudt M W van de Garde, Antonius de Boer, Catherijne A J Knibbe, Marja M J van der Vorst
Background. In a recent randomized controlled trial (RCT) in obese adolescents, 18 month-treatment with metformin versus placebo was reported to lead to stabilisation of the BMI. This study aimed to compare the effect of metformin on BMI in obese adolescents in daily practice versus results obtained in an RCT. Methods. Obese adolescents treated off label with metformin in daily practice in an outpatient clinic with a follow-up of ≥18 months were identified. Anthropometric and biochemical data were collected at baseline and at 18 months...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070419/lifestyle-modification-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-obesity
#13
EDITORIAL
Shirley Telles, Bangalore N Gangadhar, Kavita D Chandwani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050279/leptin-leptin-soluble-receptor-and-the-free-leptin-index-following-a-diet-and-physical-activity-lifestyle-intervention-in-obese-males-and-females
#14
Jeffrey E Herrick, Gino S Panza, Jared M Gollie
Leptin (LEP) is associated with appetite regulation and metabolism. Concentration is linear with adiposity, suggesting LEP resistance. LEP circulates freely and bound with its soluble receptor (sOB-r); the ratio is the free leptin index (FLI), an index of leptin resistance; lower FLI suggests reduced biological action. Purpose. The aim was to determine the effect of changes in adipose tissue distribution on LEP, sOB-r, and FLI following 6 months (6 M) of a diet/exercise weight loss program (WLP). In addition, we aim to identify predictors of the FLI...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994885/impaired-visual-motor-coordination-in-obese-adults
#15
David Gaul, Arimin Mat, Donal O'Shea, Johann Issartel
Objective. To investigate whether obesity alters the sensory motor integration process and movement outcome during a visual rhythmic coordination task. Methods. 88 participants (44 obese and 44 matched control) sat on a chair equipped with a wrist pendulum oscillating in the sagittal plane. The task was to swing the pendulum in synchrony with a moving visual stimulus displayed on a screen. Results. Obese participants demonstrated significantly (p < 0.01) higher values for continuous relative phase (CRP) indicating poorer level of coordination, increased movement variability (p < 0...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965894/bariatric-surgery-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-and-infertility
#16
REVIEW
James Butterworth, Jean Deguara, Cynthia-Michelle Borg
Background. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the commonest cause of female infertility. Visceral obesity and insulin resistance are key pathophysiological mechanisms behind PCOS. Women suffering from this syndrome and infertility often seek bariatric surgery hoping that they would be able to conceive postoperatively. Objective. At present, there is no consensus on the role of bariatric surgery in the management of PCOS-associated infertility within the medical community, making it difficult to give specific advice to these women, so a review of the literature was necessary...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885339/establishing-waist-to-height-ratio-standards-from-criterion-referenced-bmi-using-roc-curves-in-low-income-children
#17
Ryan D Burns, Timothy A Brusseau, Yi Fang, You Fu, James C Hannon
The purpose of this study was to establish health-related waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) cut-points associating with FITNESSGRAM's body mass index (BMI) criterion-referenced standards in low-income children. A secondary aim was to examine the classification agreement between the derived WHtR cut-points and various cardiometabolic blood markers using current recommendations. Participants were 219 children from low-income schools (mean age = 10.5 ± 0.6 years). Waist circumference, height, weight, and cardiometabolic blood markers were collected in a fasting state before school hours...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830087/an-anthropometric-risk-index-based-on-combining-height-weight-waist-and-hip-measurements
#18
Nir Y Krakauer, Jesse C Krakauer
Body mass index (BMI) can be considered an application of a power law model to express body weight independently of height. Based on the same power law principle, we previously introduced a body shape index (ABSI) to be independent of BMI and height. Here, we develop a new hip index (HI) whose normalized value is independent of height, BMI, and ABSI. Similar to BMI, HI demonstrates a U-shaped relationship to mortality in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) population. We further develop a new anthropometric risk index (ARI) by adding log hazard ratios from separate nonlinear regressions of the four indicators, height, BMI, ABSI, and HI, against NHANES III mortality hazard...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777796/objectively-quantified-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-predicting-visceral-adiposity-and-liver-fat
#19
Shelley E Keating, Helen M Parker, Toby G Pavey, Michael K Baker, Ian D Caterson, Jacob George, Nathan A Johnson
Objective. Epidemiologic studies suggest an inverse relationship between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and self-reported physical activity levels. However, subjective measurements can be inaccurate and prone to reporter bias. We investigated whether objectively quantified physical activity levels predicted liver fat and VAT in overweight/obese adults. Methods. Habitual physical activity was measured by triaxial accelerometry for four days (n = 82). Time spent in sedentary behavior (MET < 1...
2016: Journal of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777795/limited-effects-of-endurance-or-interval-training-on-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-systemic-inflammation-in-sedentary-middle-aged-men
#20
Joshua H F Cooper, Blake E G Collins, David R Adams, Robert A Robergs, Cheyne E Donges
Purpose. Limited data exists for the effects of sprint-interval training (SIT) and endurance training (ET) on total body composition, abdominal visceral adipose tissue, and plasma inflammation. Moreover, whether "active" or "passive" recovery in SIT provides a differential effect on these measures remains uncertain. Methods. Sedentary middle-aged men (n = 62; 49.5 ± 5.8 y; 29.7 ± 3.7 kg·m(2)) underwent abdominal computed tomography, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, venepuncture, and exercise testing before and after the interventions, which included the following: 12 wks 3 d·wk(-1) ET (n = 15; 50-60 min cycling; 80% HRmax), SIT (4-10 × 30 s sprint efforts) with passive (P-SIT; n = 15) or active recovery (A-SIT; n = 15); or nonexercise control condition (CON; n = 14)...
2016: Journal of Obesity
journal
journal
42921
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"