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Journal of Obesity

Katherine Habenicht Yancey, Lauren Katherine McCormack, Stephen Samuel McNatt, Myron Sheavictor Powell, Adolfo Zachariah Fernandez, Carl Joseph Westcott
Background: Laparoscopic-assisted transgastric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (LAERCP) is used for treatment in patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), where transoral access to the biliary tree is not possible. We describe our technique and experience with this procedure. Methods: Electronic medical record search was performed from September 2012 to January 2016, identifying patients who underwent LAERCP per operative records. Charts were reviewed for demographic, clinical, and outcomes data...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Abdulaziz Farooq, Ann-Marie Gibson, John J Reilly, Nadia Gaoua
Objective: To examine the association between obesity and cognitive function in healthy premenopausal women. Methods: From a cohort of 220 women, 98 were randomly selected that provided complete data. Body composition was examined by dual-energy X-ray scan. All participants completed the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) to assess cognitive performance in three domains: attention, memory, and planning executive function. The Reaction Time (RTI) test was used to assess motor and mental response speeds; the Stockings of Cambridge (SOC) test was used to assess planning executive function...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Nathan R West, James Dorling, Alice E Thackray, Nicola C Hanson, Samantha E Decombel, David J Stensel, Stuart J Grice
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the fat mass and obesity-associated ( FTO ) locus are associated with obesity, but lifestyle factors may modulate the obesity risk related to FTO . This study examined the physical activity and dietary patterns of 528 physically active white men and women (mean (SD): 34.9 (9.5) years, 26.6 (4.3) kg·m-2 ) carrying different risk variants of FTO SNP rs9939609. Sex, age, and anthropometric measurements (stature, body mass, and waist circumference) were self-reported using an online questionnaire, and body mass index and waist-to-height ratio were calculated...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Martin Aasbrenn, Stian Lydersen, Per G Farup
Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is common in subjects with morbid obesity; the effect of weight loss programs on bowel symptoms is largely unknown. Methods: This prospective cohort study explored bowel symptoms, health scores, and biomarkers in subjects with morbid obesity during a six-month-long conservative weight loss intervention. Bowel symptoms were assessed with IBS-severity scoring system (IBS-SSS) and Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale-IBS...
2018: Journal of Obesity
David Gaul, Arimin Mat, Donal O'Shea, Johann Issartel
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/6178575.].
2018: Journal of Obesity
Saira Hameed, Victoria Salem, Tricia M Tan, Alma Collins, Krishna Shah, Samantha Scholtz, Ahmed R Ahmed, Harvinder Chahal
Purpose: There are limited resources for long-term specialist follow-up after bariatric surgery. In selected centres, patients can access a postoperative support group, but there is no clear evidence to guide their delivery. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of bariatric surgery patients ( n  = 152) who had been discharged from specialist follow-up (mean time since surgery 5.5 years), covering weight history, physical and psychosocial comorbidities, and the need for a postoperative bariatric support group...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Els Vanderhulst, Aicha Faik, Johan Vansintejan, Inès Van Rossem, Dirk Devroey
Introduction: This study aims to describe the association between dietary habits and weight status and the interest in food and science. Methods: We examined in a cross-sectional study 525 children aged between 8 and 18 years, who attended the Brussels Food Fair or the Belgian Science Day in 2013. They were divided into three groups: special interest in science, special interest in food, and a general control group. They completed a questionnaire, and body parameters were measured...
2018: Journal of Obesity
Yusef Moulla, Orestis Lyros, Matthias Blüher, Philipp Simon, Arne Dietrich
Introduction: Despite the feasibility and safety of bariatric procedures nowadays, high-risk patients with vast obesity and severe comorbidities demonstrate relatively high perioperative morbidity and mortality rates and, therefore, form a distinguished challenge for the bariatric surgeons. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed high-risk patients, who underwent bariatric surgery in University Hospital Leipzig between May 2012 and December 2016. High-risk patients were defined when (Bergeat et al...
2018: Journal of Obesity
I K Ø Elvsaas, L Giske, B Fure, L K Juvet
Background: Treatment of childhood obesity is important in preventing development of obesity-related diseases later in life. This systematic review evaluates the effect of multicomponent lifestyle interventions for children and adolescents from 2 to 18 years. Methods and Results: We performed systematic searches in nine databases. Thirty-nine studies met the criteria for meta-analyses. We found a significant difference in body mass index (BMI) after 6 months (MD -0...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Yvette E Lentferink, Marieke A J Elst, Catherijne A J Knibbe, Marja M J van der Vorst
Introduction: Obesity is a risk factor to develop metabolic syndrome (MetS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Insulin resistance (IR) plays a major part in both. With increasing incidence of childhood obesity, this retrospective study aimed to identify predictors of IR in children/adolescents with obesity to optimize screening for IR. Method: Patients aged ≥ 2-≤ 18 years with obesity (BMI-SDS > 2.3) were included. IR was defined as HOMA-IR ≥ 3...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Furong Xu, Stephanie Marchand, Celeste Corcoran, Heather DiBiasio, Rachel Clough, Christopher S Dyer, Jennifer Nobles, Jade White, Mary L Greaney, Geoffrey W Greene
There is a need for efficacious interventions to reduce the prevalence of childhood obesity, and a limited body of research suggests that collaborative community-based programs designed for children and their caregivers may be effective in reducing obesity rates. This paper reports the results of a community-based obesity intervention, South County Food, Fitness and Fun (SCFFF), designed for preadolescent children who are overweight or obese and their caregivers. SCFFF was developed in response to community concerns...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Rebecca L Cook, Nicholas J O'Dwyer, Cheyne E Donges, Helen M Parker, Hoi Lun Cheng, Katharine S Steinbeck, Eka P Cox, Janet L Franklin, Manohar L Garg, Kieron B Rooney, Helen T O'Connor
Limited research addresses links between obesity and cognitive function in young adults. Objective . To investigate the relationship between obesity and cognitive function in young women. Methods . This cross-sectional study recruited healthy, young (18-35 y) women of normal (NW: BMI = 18.5-24.9 kg·m-2 ) or obese (OB: BMI ≥ 30.0 kg·m-2 ) weight. Participants completed a validated, computer-based cognitive testing battery evaluating impulsivity, attention, information processing, memory, and executive function...
2017: Journal of Obesity
S A Jackowski, J C Eisenmann, L B Sherar, D A Bailey, A D G Baxter-Jones
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether adolescent growth trajectories of aerobic fitness and adiposity were associated with mid-adulthood cardiometabolic risk (CMR). Methods: Participants were drawn from the Saskatchewan Growth and Development Study (1963-1973). Adolescent growth trajectories for maximal aerobic capacity (absolute VO2 (AbsVO2 )), skinfolds (SF), representing total body (Sum6SF) and central adiposity (TrunkSF), and body mass index (BMI) were determined from 7 to 17 years of age...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Lua Wilkinson, Carly R Pacanowski, David Levitsky
Frequent self-weighing is associated with weight loss maintenance. Several years ago, we investigated frequent self-weighing's effect on weight loss and found the participants lost a significant amount of weight. Three years after this trial's end, participants were contacted for an update on their weight and self-weighing frequency. Weight change and self-weighing frequency since the end of the study were assessed. We hypothesized that participants who maintained frequent self-weighing behavior would have maintained their weight loss...
2017: Journal of Obesity
N Khidir, M Al Dhaheri, W El Ansari, M Al Kuwari, D Sargsyan, M Bashah
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastric greater curvature plication (LGGCP) is a restrictive bariatric procedure without gastrectomy. However, limited literature on effectiveness of gastric plication exists. OBJECTIVES: We assessed LGGCP's efficacy, effects on associated comorbidities, safety and the rate of complications, and patient satisfaction with LGGCP's outcomes among morbidly obese patients. METHOD: Analysis of retrospectively data collected from medical records of 26 patients who had undergone LGGCP at Hamad General Hospital, Qatar, during 2011-2012...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Charlotta Pisinger, Helle Øster Nielsen, Caroline Kuhlmann, Susanne Rosthøj
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately one in five ex-smokers reduces or maintains weight after smoking cessation but little is known about who succeeds to avoid weight gain. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of weight reduction after long-term smoking cessation in a general population. METHODS: Data was obtained from two Danish population-based cohorts (the Inter99 and the Helbred2006 study). Anthropometric measurements were performed by trained research staff...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Claire Chagot, Marie Blonski, Jean-Loup Machu, Serge Bracard, Jean-Christophe Lacour, Sébastien Richard
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) mostly affects young obese women and can lead to permanent visual impairment. However, prognostic factors and therapeutic strategy remain unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from all patients diagnosed and managed for IIH in our university center from January 2001 to December 2016. RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients were diagnosed with IIH. Bilateral transverse sinus stenosis (TSS) was found in 74% of the population...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Byron A Foster, Trevor M Maness, Christian A Aquino
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have highlighted possible decreases over time in obesity, particularly among children aged 2-5 years. Hispanic children experience significantly higher obesity rates, and less is known about trends for Hispanic children. METHODS: A large healthcare system-based dataset from south Texas was used to analyze body mass index (BMI) values obtained clinically from 2009 through 2015. Age and race/ethnicity specific prevalence of overweight and obesity were calculated using CDC standards and trends were examined over time using regression analyses, and mapping software was used to identify geographic variation...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Lucia A Reisch, Wencke Gwozdz, Gianvincenzo Barba, Stefaan De Henauw, Natalia Lascorz, Iris Pigeot
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2013/408582.].
2017: Journal of Obesity
Jacynthe Lafrenière, Jessica McNeil, Véronique Provencher, Éric Doucet
Food labelling has been previously reported to influence energy intake (EI). Whether food labels influence postexercise EI remains to be determined. We assessed how food labelling and exercise (Ex) interact to influence food perception and postexercise EI. In this randomized crossover design, 14 inactive women participated in 4 experimental conditions: Ex (300 kcal at 70% of VO2peak) and lunch labelled as low in fat (LF), Ex and lunch labelled as high in fat (HF), Rest and LF, and Rest and HF. The lunch was composed of a plate of pasta, yogurt, and oatmeal cookies, which had the same nutritional composition across the 4 experimental conditions...
2017: Journal of Obesity
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