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Journal of Obesity

I K Ø Elvsaas, L Giske, B Fure, L K Juvet
Background: Treatment of childhood obesity is important in preventing development of obesity-related diseases later in life. This systematic review evaluates the effect of multicomponent lifestyle interventions for children and adolescents from 2 to 18 years. Methods and Results: We performed systematic searches in nine databases. Thirty-nine studies met the criteria for meta-analyses. We found a significant difference in body mass index (BMI) after 6 months (MD -0...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Yvette E Lentferink, Marieke A J Elst, Catherijne A J Knibbe, Marja M J van der Vorst
Introduction: Obesity is a risk factor to develop metabolic syndrome (MetS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Insulin resistance (IR) plays a major part in both. With increasing incidence of childhood obesity, this retrospective study aimed to identify predictors of IR in children/adolescents with obesity to optimize screening for IR. Method: Patients aged ≥ 2-≤ 18 years with obesity (BMI-SDS > 2.3) were included. IR was defined as HOMA-IR ≥ 3...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Furong Xu, Stephanie Marchand, Celeste Corcoran, Heather DiBiasio, Rachel Clough, Christopher S Dyer, Jennifer Nobles, Jade White, Mary L Greaney, Geoffrey W Greene
There is a need for efficacious interventions to reduce the prevalence of childhood obesity, and a limited body of research suggests that collaborative community-based programs designed for children and their caregivers may be effective in reducing obesity rates. This paper reports the results of a community-based obesity intervention, South County Food, Fitness and Fun (SCFFF), designed for preadolescent children who are overweight or obese and their caregivers. SCFFF was developed in response to community concerns...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Rebecca L Cook, Nicholas J O'Dwyer, Cheyne E Donges, Helen M Parker, Hoi Lun Cheng, Katharine S Steinbeck, Eka P Cox, Janet L Franklin, Manohar L Garg, Kieron B Rooney, Helen T O'Connor
Limited research addresses links between obesity and cognitive function in young adults. Objective . To investigate the relationship between obesity and cognitive function in young women. Methods . This cross-sectional study recruited healthy, young (18-35 y) women of normal (NW: BMI = 18.5-24.9 kg·m-2 ) or obese (OB: BMI ≥ 30.0 kg·m-2 ) weight. Participants completed a validated, computer-based cognitive testing battery evaluating impulsivity, attention, information processing, memory, and executive function...
2017: Journal of Obesity
S A Jackowski, J C Eisenmann, L B Sherar, D A Bailey, A D G Baxter-Jones
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate whether adolescent growth trajectories of aerobic fitness and adiposity were associated with mid-adulthood cardiometabolic risk (CMR). Methods: Participants were drawn from the Saskatchewan Growth and Development Study (1963-1973). Adolescent growth trajectories for maximal aerobic capacity (absolute VO2 (AbsVO2)), skinfolds (SF), representing total body (Sum6SF) and central adiposity (TrunkSF), and body mass index (BMI) were determined from 7 to 17 years of age...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Lua Wilkinson, Carly R Pacanowski, David Levitsky
Frequent self-weighing is associated with weight loss maintenance. Several years ago, we investigated frequent self-weighing's effect on weight loss and found the participants lost a significant amount of weight. Three years after this trial's end, participants were contacted for an update on their weight and self-weighing frequency. Weight change and self-weighing frequency since the end of the study were assessed. We hypothesized that participants who maintained frequent self-weighing behavior would have maintained their weight loss...
2017: Journal of Obesity
N Khidir, M Al Dhaheri, W El Ansari, M Al Kuwari, D Sargsyan, M Bashah
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastric greater curvature plication (LGGCP) is a restrictive bariatric procedure without gastrectomy. However, limited literature on effectiveness of gastric plication exists. OBJECTIVES: We assessed LGGCP's efficacy, effects on associated comorbidities, safety and the rate of complications, and patient satisfaction with LGGCP's outcomes among morbidly obese patients. METHOD: Analysis of retrospectively data collected from medical records of 26 patients who had undergone LGGCP at Hamad General Hospital, Qatar, during 2011-2012...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Charlotta Pisinger, Helle Øster Nielsen, Caroline Kuhlmann, Susanne Rosthøj
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Approximately one in five ex-smokers reduces or maintains weight after smoking cessation but little is known about who succeeds to avoid weight gain. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of weight reduction after long-term smoking cessation in a general population. METHODS: Data was obtained from two Danish population-based cohorts (the Inter99 and the Helbred2006 study). Anthropometric measurements were performed by trained research staff...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Claire Chagot, Marie Blonski, Jean-Loup Machu, Serge Bracard, Jean-Christophe Lacour, Sébastien Richard
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) mostly affects young obese women and can lead to permanent visual impairment. However, prognostic factors and therapeutic strategy remain unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from all patients diagnosed and managed for IIH in our university center from January 2001 to December 2016. RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients were diagnosed with IIH. Bilateral transverse sinus stenosis (TSS) was found in 74% of the population...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Byron A Foster, Trevor M Maness, Christian A Aquino
BACKGROUND: Recent reports have highlighted possible decreases over time in obesity, particularly among children aged 2-5 years. Hispanic children experience significantly higher obesity rates, and less is known about trends for Hispanic children. METHODS: A large healthcare system-based dataset from south Texas was used to analyze body mass index (BMI) values obtained clinically from 2009 through 2015. Age and race/ethnicity specific prevalence of overweight and obesity were calculated using CDC standards and trends were examined over time using regression analyses, and mapping software was used to identify geographic variation...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Lucia A Reisch, Wencke Gwozdz, Gianvincenzo Barba, Stefaan De Henauw, Natalia Lascorz, Iris Pigeot
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2013/408582.].
2017: Journal of Obesity
Jacynthe Lafrenière, Jessica McNeil, Véronique Provencher, Éric Doucet
Food labelling has been previously reported to influence energy intake (EI). Whether food labels influence postexercise EI remains to be determined. We assessed how food labelling and exercise (Ex) interact to influence food perception and postexercise EI. In this randomized crossover design, 14 inactive women participated in 4 experimental conditions: Ex (300 kcal at 70% of VO2peak) and lunch labelled as low in fat (LF), Ex and lunch labelled as high in fat (HF), Rest and LF, and Rest and HF. The lunch was composed of a plate of pasta, yogurt, and oatmeal cookies, which had the same nutritional composition across the 4 experimental conditions...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Bolaji Fatai Oyeyemi, Charles Ayorinde Ologunde, Ayonposi Bukola Olaoye, Nanfizat Abiket Alamukii
Fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene influences obesity but studies have shown that environmental/lifestyle variables like physical activity (PA), time spent sitting (TSS), and energy intake might mediate the effect. However, this is poorly understood in Nigeria due to scarce studies. We demystified association and interaction between FTO rs9939609, obesity, PA, TSS, and energy intake in Nigeria. FTO gene variant was genotyped by restriction fragment length polymorphism and gene sequencing analysis in 103 people with obesity and 98 controls...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Linda Sillén, Ellen Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify preoperative factors predicting weight loss following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 281 patients subjected to RYGB between January 2006 and June 2012 were included. Demographic, physical, and socioeconomic factors were assessed with regression analysis. Dependent variable was percent of excess weight loss (% EWL) at follow-up. RESULTS: Follow-up data at one year was available in 96%, at two years in 88%, and at three years in 65% of the patients...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Mario Schietroma, Federica Piccione, Marco Clementi, Emanuela Marina Cecilia, Federico Sista, Beatrice Pessia, Francesco Carlei, Stefano Guadagni, Gianfranco Amicucci
BACKGROUND: Some studies suggest that obesity is associated with a poor outcome after Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication (LNF), whereas others have not replicated these findings. The effect of body mass index (BMI) on the short- and long-term results of LNF is investigated. METHODS: Inclusion criteria were only patients who undergone a LNF with at least 11-year follow-up data available, patients with preoperative weight and height data available for calculation of BMI (Kg/m2), and patients with a BMI up to a maximum of 34...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Janna D Stephens, Andrew Althouse, Alai Tan, Bernadette Mazurek Melnyk
Overweight and obesity are a massive public health problem and young adults are at high risk for gaining weight once they enter a college. This study sought to examine gender and race as they relate to nutrition habits and self-efficacy in a population of diverse young adults from the Young Adult Weight Loss Study. Participants ( N = 62) were 29% males, 38.7% white, 33.8% Asian, and 12.9% African American. Males had lower self-efficacy for healthy eating (mean score = 92.5, SD = 17.1) compared to females (mean = 102...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Patricia A Hageman, Carol H Pullen, Melody Hertzog, Bunny Pozehl, Christine Eisenhauer, Linda S Boeckner
Objective. This trial compared the effectiveness of a web-based only (WO) intervention with web-based supplemented by peer-led discussion (WD) or professional email counseling (WE) across 3 phases to achieve weight loss and weight maintenance in women from underserved rural communities. Methods. 301 women (BMI of 28-45 kg/m(2)) randomly assigned to groups participated in guided weight loss (baseline to 6 months), guided weight loss and maintenance (6 to 18 months), and self-managed weight maintenance (18 to 30 months)...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Carmela Nardelli, Laura Iaffaldano, Vincenzo Pilone, Giuseppe Labruna, Maddalena Ferrigno, Nicola Carlomagno, Concetta Anna Dodaro, Pietro Forestieri, Pasqualina Buono, Francesco Salvatore, Lucia Sacchetti
Background. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) results in significant lasting weight loss and improved metabolism in obese patients. To evaluate whether epigenetic factors could concur to these benefits, we investigated the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) microRNA (miRNA) profile before (T0) and three years (T1) after LAGB in three morbidly obese women. Case Reports. SAT miRNA profiling, evaluated by TaqMan Array, showed four downexpressed (miR-519d, miR-299-5p, miR-212, and miR-671-3p) and two upexpressed (miR-370 and miR-487a) miRNAs at T1 versus T0...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Roger Figueroa, Jaclyn Saltzman, Jessica Jarick Metcalfe, Angela Wiley
Introduction. Forty-one million children globally are overweight or obese, with most rapid rate increases among low- and middle-income nations. Child-minders and health workers play a crucial role in obesity prevention efforts, but their perceptions of childhood obesity in low- and middle-income countries are poorly understood. This study aims to (1) explore child-minders and health workers' perceptions of the causes, consequences, potential strategies, and barriers for childhood obesity prevention and intervention in Cape Town, South Africa and (2) to provisionally test the fit of a socioecological framework to explain these perceptions...
2017: Journal of Obesity
Thirumagal Kanagasabai, Ramandeep Dhanoa, Jennifer L Kuk, Chris I Ardern
Higher body mass index (BMI) increases the risk of cardiometabolic diseases, but nearly a third of the people living with obesity (BMI: ≥30 kg/m 2 ) are metabolically healthy (MHO). Extreme sleep durations and poor sleep quality are associated with higher bodyweight and cardiometabolic dysfunction, but the full extent to which sleep habits may help differentiate those with MHO versus metabolically abnormal obesity (MAO) is not yet known. Data from the U.S. National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey 2005-08 was used (BMI: ≥30 kg/m 2 ; ≥20 y; N = 1,777)...
2017: Journal of Obesity
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