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BMJ Case Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331028/bilateral-near-total-blindness-due-to-miliary-neurocysticercosis
#1
Nripen Gaur, Brijesh Takkar, Jagjeet Singh, Pradeep Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331027/malignant-hypercalcaemia-related-to-parathyroid-hormone-related-peptide-pthrp-secretion-from-a-metastatic-pancreatic-neuroendocrine-tumour-net
#2
Megan Symington, Louise Davies, Gregory Kaltsas, Martin O Weickert
A 54-year-old woman presented to our centre with acute abdominal pain and vomiting. Routine blood tests showed severe hypercalcaemia (>4 mmol/L). Serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) was suppressed. CT scan detected a pancreatic mass and some liver lesions, initially suspicious for metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma. Liver biopsy however revealed the presence of a well-differentiated, grade 1, metastatic neuroendocrine tumour (NET) where prognosis is considerably better. Serum PTHrP was raised, indicating paraneoplastic hypercalcaemia, most likely secondary to the pancreatic NET...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331026/aberrant-non-neoplastic-liver-tissue-presenting-as-an-intra-atrial-mass
#3
Benjamin Peake, Siven Seevanayagam, Melisa Vazquez, Laurence Weinberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331025/tetraploidy-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-after-chromosome-16-inversion
#4
Alba Sara Vilches, Aranzazu Díaz de Bustamante, Jorge Sanchez-Calero, María Teresa Darnaude
Our patient is a 36-year-old man referred by his general physician to the Department of Hematology because of mild neutropenia in a routine analysis at work. There was no history of previous diseases, and examination was normal. Blood investigations confirmed the neutropenia and showed elongation of prothrombin time. A bone marrow examination was performed revealing about 10% of myeloblasts on the aspirate smears. A cytogenetic study showed chromosome 16 inversion in all of these cells and tetraploidy only in some of them, which were extremely large in size...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331024/multiple-foreign-body-aspiration
#5
Pierre Goussard, Julie Lyn Morrison, Ilse Nadine Appel, Lindy-Lee Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331023/pulmonary-kaposi-sarcoma-presenting-as-complete-lung-consolidation
#6
Ahmad Alwassia, Ziyad Alshathri, Rahul Khosla, Samuel V Spagnolo
The patient in our case presented with progressive dyspnoea and cough. Chest radiograph reveals complete opacification of the hemithorax. Complete lung consolidation was not seen on chest CT. The patient in this case had extensive pulmonary and endobronchial Kaposi sarcoma (KS) that led to complete consolidation of the right lung that was diagnosed via bronchoscopy. After diagnosis, he was restarted on antiretroviral therapy and single-agent chemotherapy for treatment of pulmonary KS.
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331022/effect-of-non-pharmacological-intervention-for-apathy-response-to-one-on-one-reminiscence-based-intervention
#7
Akira Okada, Tetsuya Ueda
Apathy has adverse consequences for patients and caregivers. However, the therapeutic approach remains uncertain. Here, we present the case of a man aged 67 years who only developed apathy after surgery for oesophageal cancer. He showed no response to intervention with donepezil, a 'brain training' video game and psychoeducation for apathy. Subsequently, we implemented a programme designed to facilitate recall of 2 themes (editorial content and television shows during the week) once a week. After 3 months, the scores of 2 apathy scales rated by the patient's wife, psychological test scores and brain perfusion single-photon emission CT data improved compared with those obtained before intervention...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331021/aspergillus-niger-infection-in-an-immunosuppressed-patient-confined-solely-to-the-brain
#8
Lucy Simmonds, Sian Mitchell, Barrie White, Shanika A Crusz, David Denning
A 68-year-old woman with a background of hypertension, stroke and rheumatoid arthritis presented to her local hospital after a 4-week history of gradual deterioration and increasing confusion with new onset right-sided weakness. Her initial CT scan revealed a rim enhancing mass lesion with surrounding oedema in the left parietal lobe for which she underwent CT stealth-guided biopsy. Microbiology culture of the 2 biopsy samples yielded Aspergillus niger and she was started on the antifungal agent voriconazole...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331020/isolated-lower-limb-hypoplasia-secondary-to-congenital-varicella-syndrome-a-rare-occurrence-and-management-of-its-complications
#9
Sneha Mehta, Willem Schenk, Stephen Kirker, Amit Atrey
Isolated lower limb hypoplasia is a rare consequence of maternal congenital varicella syndrome (CVS). The hypoplastic limb is susceptible to multiple injuries, including fractures, especially if there is associated muscle weakness and lack of sensation. We describe a unique index case of a woman aged 26 years with a background of CVS who presented with a distal femur fracture following a fall onto her insensate, hypoplastic right leg. This report highlights the complexities involved in the diagnosis and management of fractures in patients with an anaesthetic limb, and in particular describes limb amputation as a successful treatment modality for distal femur fractures...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331019/extraperitoneal-abscess-originating-from-an-ischorectal-abscess
#10
Eman Hamza, Mirza Faraz Saeed, Amro Salem, Isam Mazin
We describe a case which had ongoing sepsis, despite adequate incision and drainage performed for an ischorectal abscess. The patient was then noted to have an ascending infection reaching the extraperitoneal space of the abdominal cavity. The case reported required multiple episodes of drainage along with lower midline incision for deep-situated abscess. Postoperatively, the abdominal wound was treated with vacuum-assisted closure dressing and antibiotics. The patient was doing well and was discharged with an appointment at the surgical outpatient department...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331018/strongyloides-hyperinfection-syndrome-in-an-immunocompetent-host-resulting-in-bandemia-and-death
#11
Aung Myint, Courtney Chapman, Isabel Almira-Suarez, Nupur Mehta
Strongyloides stercoralis infection is usually asymptomatic but can result in a hyperinfection syndrome, most commonly triggered by acquired or iatrogenic immunosuppression. Here, we present a case of a man aged 60 years originally from a strongyloides endemic area with a medical history of alcohol abuse who presents with strongyloides hyperinfection syndrome (SHS) complicated by partial small bowel obstruction, pulmonary haemorrhage, large bandemia without eosinophilia and cardiac arrest resulting in death...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331017/primary-vertebral-leiomyosarcoma-masquerading-as-a-nerve-sheath-tumour
#12
Irfan Ahmad, Nidhi Goyal, Chandi Prasad Bhatt, Kundan Singh Chufal
A 47-year-old woman presented with symptoms of low back pain and weakness in bilateral lower limbs. MRI of the spine revealed a mass arising from T11 vertebra involving neural foramina at bilateral T11-12 and right T10-11 levels with extension to the right paravertebral region. Suspecting a nerve sheath tumour, she underwent posterior spinal decompression, stabilisation and debulking, following which her neurological symptoms resolved. Histopathological and immunohistochemical evaluation revealed a leiomyosarcoma...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325726/gas-in-the-superior-mesenteric-artery
#13
Sho Fujiwara, Yuki Sekine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325725/amiodarone-induced-interstitial-pneumonitis
#14
Dinesh Chandra Voruganti, Linda Cadaret
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325724/air-everywhere-colon-perforation-after-colonoscopy
#15
Ana Virgínia Araújo, Cláudia Santos, Helena Contente, Cláudia Branco
Colonoscopy is being widely used since the 1980s and is the leading diagnostic procedure for colorectal cancer. For many colorectal diseases, it is also a therapeutic tool. Like many other procedures in Medicine, it has its drawbacks and complications, some of which if not readily diagnosed can represent a serious risk to the patient's health and well-being. We describe a case of colon perforation during diagnostic colonoscopy in a patient, resulting in exuberant pneumoretroperitoneum, pneumoperitoneum, pneumomediastinum and subcutaneous emphysema, who successfully underwent laparoscopic colonic resection with primary anastomosis...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325723/face-presentation-in-delivery-room-what-is-strategy
#16
Giuseppe De Bernardo, Maria Svelto, Maurizio Giordano, Desiree Sordino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325722/misdiagnosing-whipple-s-disease-in-the-young
#17
Danai Papakonstantinou, Michael J Riste, Gerald Langman, Ed Moran
Whipple's disease is considered an infection of middle-aged white men of European ancestry. Cases are rare and disproportionately associated with occupational exposure to soil or animals. We report the case of a man aged 22 years with no risk factors, erroneously diagnosed with, and treated for, toxoplasmosis on the basis of consistent lymph node histology. The correct diagnosis was delayed by the dramatic symptomatic improvement resulting from this therapy. Whipple's disease should be considered in cases of granulomatous lymphadenopathy of unknown cause, even if the age of the patient does not fit the classic presentation of the disease...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325721/carcinosarcoma-of-the-bladder-following-local-schistosomiasis-infection
#18
Victor Srougi, Fabio P Gallucci, Romulo L Mattedi, Miguel Srougi
A young patient from central Africa presented acute renal insufficiency due to extrinsic compression of the distal ureters by a pelvic mass. After initial medical management, a biopsy revealed poorly differentiated bladder cancer and Schistosoma haematobium eggs embedded in the bladder wall. The initial workup showed evidence of locoregional disease. Radical cystectomy with an incontinent urinary diversion was performed with no complications. Carcinosarcoma of the bladder was diagnosed by pathological analysis of the surgical specimen...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325720/giant-right-ventricle-secondary-to-severe-pulmonary-hypertension
#19
Kunal Kishor Jha, Nuwadatta Subedi, Durgesh Prasad Chaudhary, Manoj Lamsal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325719/near-death-by-milk-of-magnesia
#20
Ahmed Alaini, Carlos A Roldan, Karen Servilla, Elizabeth Sage Colombo
We report a case of hypermagnesemia associated with the use of milk of magnesia in a male patient with end-stage renal disease. After experiencing nausea and vomiting, he developed severe bradycardia and then asystole. Resuscitation efforts were successful; however, he developed atrial fibrillation with severe widening of the QRS and diffuse ST elevation, hypothermia, hypotension and apnoea requiring intubation. Initial diagnoses included ST-elevation myocardial infarction, cardiogenic and/or septic shock and hyperkalaemia...
March 21, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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